Sei sulla pagina 1di 12

MAT123 Engineering Maths I

Tutorial 10
Integration


1. Find (2 5 x 2 ) dx . (3)

5
S08Q1 ANS: 2 x x 3 c
3

2. Find (3x 2 4 x 5 7) dx . (4)

2
J08Q1 ANS: 3 + 3 6 7 +

3. Find (12 x 5 8 x 3 3) dx , giving each term in its simplest form. (4)

J09Q2 ANS: 2 6 2 4 + 3 +
1
4. Find (6 x 2 2 x 2 ) dx , giving each term in its simplest form. (4)

1
3 2
S06Q1 ANS: 2 + 2 + 2 +
1
5. Find (12 5 3 2 + 4 ) giving each term in its simplest form.
3 (5)
4
J11Q2 ANS: 2 6 3 + 3 + 3


1
6. Find (8 x 3 6 x 2 5) dx , giving each term in its simplest form. (4)

3
S10Q2 ANS: 2 4 + 4 2 5 +
7. (a) Show that (4 + 3x)2 can be written as 16 + kx + 9x, where k is a constant to be found.
(2)

(b) Find (4 3 x) 2 dx . (3)

3
9
J07Q6 ANS: (b) 16 + 16 + 2 2 + 2

1
8. Given that = 4 + 6 2 , find in their simplest form

(a) (3)
(b) (3)
1 3
5
J12Q1 ANS: (a) 4 3 + 3 2
(b) + 4 + 2
5
3
9. Given that y = 2x3 + , x 0, find
x2
dy
(a) , (3)
dx

(b) y dx , simplifying each term. (3)

dy x4
S09Q3 ANS: (a) 6 x 2 6 x 3 (b) 3 x 1 C
dx 2
6
10. Given that y = 2x2 , x 0,
x3
Page 1 of 12
dy
(a) find , (2)
dx

(b) find y dx . (3)

dy 2x3
J06Q4 ANS: (a) 4 x 18 x 4 (b) 3x 2 C
dx 3
4
11. Given that y = 6x , x 0,
x2
dy
(a) find , (2)
dx

(b) find y dx. (3)

S05Q2 ANS: (a) 6 + 8 3 (b) 3 2 + 4 1 +

12. (i) Given that = 5 3 + 7 + 3, find


(a) , (3)

2
(b) . (1)
2

1
(ii) Find (1 + 3 2 ) . (4)

3
J05Q2 ANS: (i)(a) 15 2 + 7 (b) 30 (b) + 2 2 + 1 +

13. Given that y = 3x2 + 4x, x > 0, find

dy
(a) , (2)
dx
d2 y
(b) , (2)
dx 2

(c) y dx . (3)

1
3 3
8
S07Q3 ANS: (a) 6 x 2 x (b) 6 x 2 (c) x3 x 2 C
2
3

14. The curve with equation = f() passes through the point (1, 0).

Given that f () = 12 2 8 + 1 find f(). (5)


3 2
J11Q7 ANS: f() = 4 4 + + 9

Page 2 of 12
15. A curve has equation y = f(x) and passes through the point (4, 22).
1
Given that f (x) = 3x 3x 7,
2 2

use integration to find f(x), giving each term in its simplest form. (5)
3
J09Q4 ANS: 3 2 7 + 2
2

16. The curve with equation y = f(x) passes through the point (1, 6).
5x 2 2
Given that f (x) = 3 + 1
, x > 0, find f(x) and simplify your answer. (7)
x2
5 1

J06Q8 ANS: 3x 2 x 4 x 3
2 2

1
dy
2
17. = 5 x + xx, x > 0.
dx
Given that y = 35 at x = 4, find y in terms of x, giving each term in its simplest form. (7)
1 5
2 2 2 11
S10Q4 ANS: = 10 + 5 + 5
(3 x) 2
12 1
18. (a) Show that can be written as 9 x 6 x . 2
(2)
x
dy (3 x) 2
Given that = , x > 0, and that y = 23 at x = 1,
dx x
(b) find y in terms of x. (6)
1 3
2 2 2
S05Q7 ANS: (b) = 18 6 + 3 12
dy ( x 2 3) 2
19. The gradient of a curve C is given by = , x 0.
dx x2
dy
(a) Show that = x2 + 6 + 9x2. (2)
dx

The point (3, 20) lies on C.

(b) Find an equation for the curve C in the form y = f(x). (6)
3
S08Q11 ANS: (b) = + 6 9 1 4
3
dy 5
20. The curve C has equation y = f(x), x > 0, where = 3x 2.
dx x
Given that the point P (4, 5) lies on C, find

(a) f(x), (5)

(b) an equation of the tangent to C at the point P, giving your answer in the form
ax + by + c = 0, where a, b and c are integers. (4)
1
3
S10Q11 ANS: (a) f() = 2 2 10 2 2 + 9 (b) 15 + 2 + 50 = 0

21. The curve C with equation y = f(x) passes through the point (5, 65).

Given that f (x) = 6x2 10x 12,

(a) use integration to find f(x). (4)

Page 3 of 12
(b) Hence show that f(x) = x(2x + 3)(x 4). (2)

(c) Sketch C, showing the coordinates of the points where C crosses the x-axis. (3)
3 2
6 x 10 x 3
ANS: (a) f ( x)
S07Q9 12 x (C ) (c) shape, through ( 2 , 0) , (0, 0) and (4, 0)
3 2

22. The curve C has equation y = f(x), x 0, and the point P(2, 1) lies on C.
8
Given that f (x) = 3x2 6 2 ,
x
(a) find f(x). (5)

(b) Find an equation for the tangent to C at the point P, giving your answer in the form
y = mx + c, where m and c are integers. (4)

J07Q7 ANS: (a) f() = 3 6 + 8 1 + 1 (b) = 4 7

23. The curve C with equation y = f(x), x 0, passes through the point (3, 7 12 ).
3
Given that f (x) = 2x + 2 ,
x

(a) find f(x). (5)

(b) Verify that f(2) = 5. (1)

(c) Find an equation for the tangent to C at the point (2, 5), giving your answer in the form
ax + by + c = 0, where a, b and c are integers. (4)
1
S06Q10 ANS: (a) f() = 2 3 1 2 (c) 13 + 4 + 6 = 0.

24. The gradient of the curve is given by = (3 1)2 .

The point (1, 4) lies on .

(a) Find an equation of the normal to at . (4)

(b) Find an equation for the curve in the form = f(). (5)

(c) Using = (3 1)2 , show that there is no point on at which the tangent is

parallel to the line = 1 2. (2)
1 17
J05Q9 ANS: (a) = 4 + or + 4 17 = 0 (b) = 3 3 3 2 + + 3
4
8
25. The curve C has equation y = f(x), x > 0, and f (x) = 4x 6x + .
x2
Given that the point P(4, 1) lies on C,

(a) find f(x) and simplify your answer. (6)

(b) Find an equation of the normal to C at the point P(4, 1). (4)
3
2 17
C1J08Q9 ANS: (a) f() = 2 2 4 8 1 + 3 (b) = 9 +
2
or 2 + 9 17 = 0
9

Page 4 of 12
26.

Figure 1
Figure 1 shows the line with equation y = 10 x and the curve with equation y = 10x x2 8.

The line and the curve intersect at the points A and B, and O is the origin.

(a) Calculate the coordinates of A and the coordinates of B. (5)

The shaded area R is bounded by the line and the curve, as shown in Figure 1.

(b) Calculate the exact area of R. (7)


1
C2S12Q5 ANS: (a) A(2, 8), B(9, 1) (b) 57 6

27.

Figure 2
The straight line with equation y = x+ 4 cuts the curve with equation y = x2 + 2x + 24 at the
points A and B, as shown in Figure 2.
(a) Use algebra to find the coordinates of the points A and B. (4)

The finite region R is bounded by the straight line and the curve and is shown shaded in
Figure 2.

(b) Use calculus to find the exact area of R. (7)


C2S11Q9 ANS: (a) A(-4, 0), B(5, 9) (b) 121.5

Page 5 of 12
28.

Figure 3
Figure 3 shows a sketch of part of the curve C with equation y = (x + 1)(x 5).
The curve crosses the x-axis at the points A and B.

(a) Write down the x-coordinates of A and B. (1)

The finite region R, shown shaded in Figure 3, is bounded by C and the x-axis.

(b) Use integration to find the area of R. (6)


C2J11Q4 ANS: (a) : 1 and : 5 (b) 36
29.

Figure 4
Figure 4 shows a sketch of part of the curve C with equation y = x3 10x2 + kx, where k is a
constant.
The point P on C is the maximum turning point.

Given that the x-coordinate of P is 2,


(a) show that k = 28 . (3)

The line through P parallel to the x-axis cuts the y-axis at the point N.
The region R is bounded by C, the y-axis and PN, as shown shaded in Figure 4.
(b) Use calculus to find the exact area of R. (6)
44 2
C2S10Q8 ANS: (b) (i. e. 14 3)
3

Page 6 of 12
30.
y

C N (5, 4)

L M x

Figure 5
The curve C has equation y = x2 5x + 4. It cuts the x-axis at the points L and M as shown in
Figure 5.

(a) Find the coordinates of the point L and the point M. (2)
(b) Show that the point N (5, 4) lies on C. (1)

(c) Find ( x 2 5 x 4) dx . (2)

The finite region R is bounded by LN, LM and the curve C as shown in Figure 5.

(d) Use your answer to part (c) to find the exact value of the area of R. (5)
1 3 5 2 1 37
C2J10Q7 ANS: (a) (1, 0), (4, 0) (c) 3 2 + 4 + (d) 6 6 (i. e. 6 )

4

31. Use calculus to find the value of (2 x 3 x) dx . (5)
1
C2S09Q1 ANS: 29

32.

Figure 6

Page 7 of 12
Figure 6 shows part of the curve C with equation y = (1 + x)(4 x).

The curve intersects the x-axis at x = 1 and x = 4. The region R, shown shaded in Figure 6, is
bounded by C and the x-axis.

Use calculus to find the exact area of R. (5)


125 5
C2J09Q2 ANS: (i. e. 20 6)
6

33.

Figure 7
Figure 7 shows a sketch of part of the curve with equation y = 10 + 8x + x2 x3.
The curve has a maximum turning point A.

(a) Using calculus, show that the x-coordinate of A is 2. (3)


The region R, shown shaded in Figure 7, is bounded by the curve, the y-axis and the line from
O to A, where O is the origin.

(b) Using calculus, find the exact area of R. (8)


38 2
C2S08Q8 ANS: (i. e. 12 3)
3

34. y Figure 2

R
C

O
x
Figure 8

In Figure 8 the curve C has equation y = 6x x2 and the line L has equation y = 2x.

(a) Show that the curve C intersects with the x-axis at x = 0 and x = 6. (1)
Page 8 of 12
(b) Show that the line L intersects the curve C at the points (0, 0) and (4, 8). (3)

The region R, bounded by the curve C and the line L, is shown shaded in Figure 8.

(c) Use calculus to find the area of R. (6)


2 32
C2J08Q7 ANS: (c) 10 3 (i. e. 3 )

8
35.
Evaluate
1
dx, giving your answer in the form a + b2, where a and b are integers. (4)
1 x
C2S07Q1 ANS: 2 + 42

36. y

Figure 1

O 1 2 5 x

Figure 9
Figure 9 shows a sketch of part of the curve C with equation y = x(x 1)(x 5).

Use calculus to find the total area of the finite region, shown shaded in Figure 9, that is between
x = 0 and x = 2 and is bounded by C, the x-axis and the line x = 2. (9)
C2J07Q7 ANS: 3.5

2
4
37. Use calculus to find the exact value of 3 x 2 5 2 dx . (5)
1 x
C2S06Q1 ANS: 14

Page 9 of 12
38.

y = x3 8x2 +Figure
20x 3
y

O x
N

Figure 10
Figure 10 shows a sketch of part of the curve with equation y = x3 8x2 + 20x. The curve has
stationary points A and B.

(a) Use calculus to find the x-coordinates of A and B. (4)


d2 y
(b) Find the value of at A, and hence verify that A is a maximum. (2)
dx 2

The line through B parallel to the y-axis meets the x-axis at the point N. The region R, shown
shaded in Figure 10, is bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the line from A to N.


(c) Find ( x 3 8 x 2 20 x) dx . (3)

(d) Hence calculate the exact area of R. (5)
10 4
x 8x 3
20 x 2
100 1
C2S06Q10 ANS: (a) and 2 (c) C (d) 33
3 4 3 2 3 3

39.
y Figure 3

R
A B
3
2

O x
Figure 11

Page 10 of 12
Figure 11 shows the shaded region R which is bounded by the curve y = 2x2 + 4x and the line y
3
= . The points A and B are the points of intersection of the line and the curve. Find
2

(a) the x-coordinates of the points A and B, (4)


(b) the exact area of R. (6)
1 3 1
C2J06Q9 ANS: (a) : 2 , : 2 (b) 3

40.

Figure 1
y
y = 2x + 5

Q
R

O x
Figure 11

8
Figure 11 shows part of a curve C with equation y = 2x + 5, x > 0.
x2
The points P and Q lie on C and have x-coordinates 1 and 4 respectively. The region R, shaded
in Figure 11, is bounded by C and the straight line joining P and Q.

(a) Find the exact area of R. (8)

(b) Use calculus to show that y is increasing for x > 2. (4)

C2S05Q10 ANS: (a) 6.75

Page 11 of 12
41.

Figure 2
y

y = 3x + 20
B

y = x2 + 6x + 10

A S

O x

Figure 12

The line with equation y = 3x + 20 cuts the curve with equation y = x2 + 6x + 10 at the points
A and B, as shown in Figure 12.

(a) Use algebra to find the coordinates of A and the coordinates of B. (5)

The shaded region S is bounded by the line and the curve, as shown in Figure 12.

(b) Use calculus to find the exact area of S. (7)

1 343
C2J05Q8 ANS: (a) (5, 5), (2, 26) (b) 57 6 (i. e. )
6

Page 12 of 12