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PGS. TS.

LE VAN NAM

BENH GIA CAM VIET NAM


B quyet phong tr benh
hieu qua cao

NHA XUAT BAN HA NOI

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LI NOI AU
Qua khao sat thc te, chung toi thay nhieu chu chan nuoi gia cam
cha c ao tao mot cach bai ban, phan ong ho lam theo kinh
nghiem va theo phong trao. Mot so can bo ky thuat chan nuoi thu y
thieu thong tin ve cac benh mi, cac tai lieu chuyen mon ang lu hanh
co nhieu noi dung khong thong nhat, ac biet la chng trnh phong
benh chu ong cho gia cam bang thuoc va vacxin. Chnh v nhng ly do
nay ma dch benh thong thng nh ga ru, cau trung, hen ga, Marek,
bach l van hang ngay hien dien. Mot so benh mi nh viem phe quan,
viem thanh kh quan truyen nhiem, benh mau loang (ky sinh trung mau
do Leucocytozoone), benh viem gan-ruot truyen nhiem hay con goi la
benh au en, benh nam mao, nam ng tieu hoa a va ang gay
nhieu thiet hai ve kinh te cho ngi chan nuoi.
ng trc tnh hnh nay tac gia to chc xuat ban cuon sach Benh
gia cam Viet Nam - B quyet phong tr benh hieu qua cao nham giup
cho ngi chan nuoi, cac can bo ky thuat thu y va ky s chan nuoi thc
hanh co them kien thc hien ai, can thiet cung nh cac phac o phong
tr benh hieu qua cao.
Cuon sach la cam nang tong hp gia ly thuyet va thc tien, la tai
lieu quy cho cac nha quan ly va hoach nh chnh sach chan nuoi thu
y nc ta.
Trong qua trnh bien soan chung toi chu y s dung cum t gia cam
va thuy cam trong nhieu oan hoac nhieu cau nham giup ngi chan
nuoi de hieu hn se khong tranh khoi nhng thieu sot, chung toi mong
nhan c nhieu y kien ong gop cua cac ong nghiep va ban oc e
lan sau tai ban sach c hoan thien hn.
NHA XUAT BAN
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CHNG I
MOT SO BENH DO SAI SOT KY THUAT
CHAM SOC NUOI DNG
I. BENH KHO MO, KHO CHAN, XU LONG VA CHET SM
GA, VT, NGAN, NGONG, CON MI N (DEBILITAS VITAE
AVIUM)
1. Nguyen nhan
Benh do rat nhieu nguyen nhan nh sau:
- Sai sot ky thuat ap dan en gia cam n khong eu.
- Van chuyen xa gia cam mi n, cho gia cam mi n uong va
an muon.
- Thieu nhiet um trong nhng ngay au mi xuong chuong nuoi.
- Thc an khong u chat. Thieu met hay mang an, mang uong
lam cho gia cam khong c an cung mot luc, khong c uong cung
mot luc dan en ln khong eu, nhieu gia cam coi coc sau nay.
- Khong dung toa thuoc chuyen dung e um gia cam nham
ngan nga pho thng han, bach l va hen ga truyen qua phoi.
2. Loai gia cam mac benh
Tat ca gia cam, thuy cam s sinh eu de mac benh.
3. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
T 2-15 ngay tuoi nhng chu yeu vao luc 2-7 ngay tuoi.
4. Trieu chng
+ Luc mi xuong chuong um, ga, vt, ngan, ngong con to ra
nhanh nhen, sau o khong lau, chung hay ng hoac nam, mat
nham nghien, khong chu an uong.
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+ Quan sat ky thay da chan kho, mo kho, sau mot vai ngay tr + T. Cum gia suc: 20g/100kg ga, vt, ngan, ngong/ngay.
nen kho quat, gay top, nhe bong, long xu oi khi thay tieu chay + Super-Vitamin: 20g/100kg ga, vt, ngan, ngong/ngay.
roi chet. Ty le chet t 5 - 30%, tham ch tren 50% tuy vao nguyen Ca 3 loai pha chung vi nc hoac tron eu trong thc an cho
nhan gay ra benh. uong hoac an ca ngay, dung lien tuc 3 ngay la khoi.
5. Mo kham Cach 2:
- Xac gia cam rat nhe, long xu. - Thay T. Colivit ba n g T. Umgiaca hoa c T. Avimycin hoa c
- Dieu khong co thc an. T. Flox. C hoac TIC. Cac thuoc khac gi nguyen.
- Bung nang, long o khong tieu. 7. Phong benh
- Ruot quat, viem cata en viem xuat huyet. - Lam ung quy trnh van chuyen, um ga, vt, ngan nh sau:
- Cac c quan khac khong co g ac biet. + Khi van chuyen phai co xe chuyen dung, tranh gio, tranh ret,
6. ieu tr tranh t.
- Phai cung cap u nhiet cho ga, vt, ngan con: Ngay au u 370C, + Ve en c s chan nuoi a chuan b san quay, chuong um vi
sau moi ngay giam i 10C sao cho en luc 7 ngay tuoi nhiet o van u u cac ieu kien: Quay um co en, co u nhiet 370C, co u mang
30 - 310C, en ngay th 14 u 25 - 270C va t ngay 21 tr i tuy theo an, mang uong, chat on kho.
thi tiet, nhng ban em phai am bao nhiet o khong di 220C. - Phai cho ga, vt, ngan uong ngay toa thuoc di ay trc khi
- Phai cho an thc an u chat, ac biet la am phai u 22% an va sau khi tha gia cam vao quay hoac chuong um.
(thc an khi ong), cho an nhieu lan, moi lan mot t, cho an ngay + 2g T. Umgiaca hoac T. Colivit.
sau khi a vao quay um va sau khi c uong nc thuoc, cho an + 1,5g T. Cum gia suc hoac Anti-Gum.
cang sm cang tot (xem phan phong benh-trang sau).
+ 1,5g Doxyvit hoac Super-Vitamin.
- oi vi ga, phai nho ngay vacxin Gumboro A hoac 228E
Tat ca 3 loai thuoc tren pha vao 1 lt nc cho gia cam uong t
va ND-IB vao mom, mui, neu a dung roi th van phai nhac lai,
do lien tuc trong 3 ngay em au.
khong phu thuoc vao thi gian trc o a dung. oi vi vt, ngan:
- Sau khi uong u nc 10-15 phut th cho gia cam an, chu y
nho mom ngay vacxin chong viem gan.
phai u so met, mang an e sao cho tat ca ga, vt, ngan c an
- S dung toa thuoc: cung mot luc. Thc an phai u 22% am va u chat dinh dng,
Cach 1: khoang va vitamin. Nguyen tac: cho an t mot, chia lam nhieu lan
+ T. Colivit: 20g/100kg ga, vt, ngan, ngong/ngay. trong ngay em, nuoi um phai thc hien nuoi 3 ca (tc 24/24 gi).
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II. BENH DO THIEU NHIET (HYPOTERMIA) - Long xu, buon ngu, ngai an uong, mat lim dim, neu than nhiet
1. Gii thieu xuong di mc bnh thng th chung se run ray, co giat.
Benh do thieu nhiet thng xay ra gia cam non nuoi trong giai - Chay nc mui, th kho khan.
oan um do quay um, chuong um b thieu nhiet (di 28-300C vao - Roi loan tieu hoa va tieu chay phan trang, thc an khong tieu.
nhng ngay au), hoac b ma phun, o am cao ket hp vi gio lua
- C the khong phat trien, suy nhc, nhe bong va chet.
gay ra. Benh co cac bieu hien ac trng: Nam tum ong, keu khac
la, li an uong, ngai van ong, roi loan tieu hoa va chet ret. 6. Mo kham
- C the suy kiet.
2. Nguyen nhan
- Nhiet o ngoai tri thap, nhat la ve mua ong mien Bac, - Niem mac, mao, da nht nhat.
mien Trung va Tay Nguyen, nen khong kh trong chuong um cung - C nht nhat.
thap. - Cac mach mau thuoc cac c quan noi tang noi ro va cha ay
- Chuong nuoi, phng tien van chuyen khong co u thiet b mau tham en.
cung cap nhiet. 7. ieu tr
- Chat on chuong am t. a. Khac phuc ngay cac yeu to gay giam nhiet o chuong nuoi, quay
- o am khong kh cao (t tren 90%). um. Can gi cho tieu kh hau kho rao, cung cap u nhiet o khong kh
- Gio lua va gia cam uong nc qua lanh (lanh di 100C). quay um theo ngay tuoi, tranh gio lua, tranh o nc ra chat on.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh - Nhiet o chuong um hoac quay um theo yeu cau la 370C ngay
Tat ca cac loai gia cam eu co the b ret, chet ret, tuy nhien au, cac ngay tiep theo moi ngay giam i 10C en 14 ngay tuoi
hoang cam co sc chu ret tot hn. khong di 24-250C, en 21 ngay tuoi tr i khong di 220C vao
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh ban em.
- Gia cam cang non, cang nhay cam vi s thieu nhiet. b. Cho 100kg gia cam uong toa thuoc khan cap nh sau:
5. Trieu chng + Gluco K.C.B2 hoac Gluco. C: 200g
- Gia cam nam tum ong ngay sat hoac di nguon nhiet. + Super-Vitamin hoac Doxyvit. Thai: 20g
- Chung chen chuc nhau tm cho am va kn gio e nam. + T. Colivit hoac T. Avimycin: 20g
- Keu khac la va li van ong so vi gia cam c nuoi trong 3 loai thuoc tren pha vao 15-20 lt nc am 370C cho 100kg ga,
ieu kien u nhiet. vt, ngan uong trong 1 ngay, uong lien tuc 3-4 ngay.
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c. Cho gia cam an nhieu lan trong ngay va em, moi lan ch an - Mat o gia cam ong, khong u mang an, mang uong va
t mot (thng xuyen khua gia cam ng day e an va uong). thieu nc uong cung nh thc an giau am, giau nang lng (tren
- Thc an phai u am, u nang lng va cac chat dinh dng khac. 3.300Kcal) eu la cac yeu to thuc ay ty le gia cam chet nong.
8. Phong benh - Benh se nang hn nhng giong gia cam sieu tht, ac biet la
- Phai tuan thu nguyen tac ky thuat um va cham soc gia cam s sinh. nhng ca the qua beo.
- Phai loai bo tat ca cac yeu to gay thieu nhiet cho quay um 3. Loai gia cam mac benh
hoac chuong um gia cam. - Tat ca cac loai gia cam eu co the mac benh.

III. BENH DO THA NHIET O CHUONG NUOI HOAC - Nhng benh de xay ra nhng giong sieu tht ac biet la ga,
TRONG PHNG TIEN VAN CHUYEN (HYPERTERMIA) vt, ngan va nhng ca the qua beo.

1. Gii thieu 4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh


Hien tng gia cam b met la hoac chet nong do kh hau nong - Tat ca cac la tuoi eu co the mac benh.
am hoac c van chuyen ng dai trong ngay he nang nong a 5. Trieu chng
khong con xay ra le te nc ta, ma ngc lai trong nhng nam - Met la, khat nc, bo an.
gan ay an gia cam, nhat la ga sieu tht b chet nong vi so lng - Ha mom th doc, nhp tim, nhp th eu tang.
rat ln va a gay thiet hai ang ke cho chu chan nuoi hoac chu
- Hai canh sa, tha t do, luc au nach canh m rong cach xa
kinh doanh gia cam.
than e toa c nhieu nhiet ra khoi c the, sau o thu hep dan roi
2. Nguyen nhan buong thong do qua met.
- Khi nhiet o ngoai tri len en 35-360C hoac cao hn th nhiet - Dang i khong vng, run ray, co giat.
o khong kh trong chuong nuoi hoac trong xe van chuyen gia
- Than nhiet tang cao tren 440C roi chet.
cam co the len en 38-400C. ay chnh la nguyen nhan trc tiep
gay ra hien tng cam nong va chet nong gia cam. 6. Mo kham
- Ty le chet se cang cao neu chuong nuoi khong phai la 2 mai - Khi gia cam b chet nong th than nhiet gia cam chet giam
va c lp 1 lp mai bang fibro-ximang, van chuyen ng dai cham (ga chet roi nhng van rat nong ben trong noi tang).
gia tra, gia cam thieu nc uong. - Tht tham, phan huy rat nhanh.
- Chuong trai ngot ngat, o am cao, nen chuong t, nhieu kh - Mau loang, cham ong va co mau tham.
oc CO2, H2S, NH3 do thieu cac thiet b thong gio. - Cac c quan noi tang eu tham sam hn bnh thng do don mau.
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- C bap bien mau nht nhat. + Trc khi van chuyen cho gia cam an t, nhng phai uong
- Xuat huyet mang bao tim, tu huyet mang treo ruot. u nc, trong 1 lt nc uong nen pha 1g T. Colivit; 1g Super-
- Phoi b phu ne tham sam. Vitamin hoac Doxyvit. Thai; 0,05g Vitamin C 99% va 1g T. Cum
gia suc hoac Anti-Gum, trong thi gian van chuyen ng dai phai
- Phoi trng (trng non) o sam, noi ro cac mach mau tham en.
cho gia cam ngh giai lao va c uong nc thuoc neu tren.
- Gan b thoai hoa.
- oi vi gia cam nuoi trong chuong:
- Cac c quan trong xoang bung c phu mot lp chat long
+ Chuong trai co u ieu kien chong nong (2 mai). Co he thong
nhay m.
quat gio thong kh, giam toi a o am trong chuong nuoi vao nhng
- Mang nao, nao b phu ne.
ngay nong nc, ac biet khong c e chat on chuong b t,
7. Chan oan han che kh oc CO2, H2S, NH3...
- Hien tng gia cam b cam nong hoac chet nong gan lien vi thi + am bao mat o nuoi theo giong, la tuoi gia cam mot cach
tiet nong nc, dan en tang manh nhiet o va o am chuong nuoi, phu hp.
hoac gan lien vi van chuyen ng xa, thieu nc uong... ong thi
+ Chu y thc an phai u chat, nc uong luon phai u va sach,
da vao ac iem bieu hien va benh ly e chan oan benh.
gia cam c uong t do.
8. ieu tr
- Phai dng ngay van chuyen va cho gia cam ngh trong bong ram. IV. MO CAN NHAU (CANIBALISM AVIUM)

- Giam ngay mat o gia cam trong chuong nuoi. 1. Gii thieu
Mo can nhau la mot trang thai hung d va t mau thuan trong
- Khan trng thong thoang chuong trai hoac tha gia cam ra ni
c the bien thanh mot tap tnh xau cua gia cam gay hau qua
thoang mat, co bong ram.
nghiem trong cho nhng oi tng b mo, chung hua theo nhau
- Cho gia cam uong u nc trong o phai co 1,5g Super-Vitamin
va tr thanh benh. Noi cach khac ay la mot tap tnh xau de tr
hoac Doxyvit Thai ket hp vi 0,05g Vitamin C 99% va 1,5g T. Cum
thanh benh.
gia suc hoac Anti-Gum, tat ca c pha vao 1 lt nc cho gia cam
uong t do, chung se nhanh chong hoi phuc va tr lai bnh thng. 2. Nguyen nhan
9. Phong benh - Co rat nhieu nguyen nhan gay nen tap tnh xau nay va c
- oi vi gia cam c van chuyen i xa: chia lam 3 nhom:
+ Phai co xe chuyen dung e van chuyen gia cam, nhng nen Nhom 1: Do thc an khong am bao, cho an khong ung cach gom:
tranh van chuyen vao gi nong cao iem. + Thc an thieu chat hoac tha chat.
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+ Mat can oi gia am, nang lng, cac nguyen to vi lng + Do ngoai ky sinh trung gay nga khien chnh ga, vt, ngan o
va vitamin. quay lai mo ra va lam rach da, rach tht, t gay chay mau.
+ e ga, vt, ngan oi qua hoac khat qua (khoang cach gia cac 3. Loai gia cam mac benh
ba an, ba uong qua lau). - Tat ca gia cam, thuy cam.
+ Giai oan gia cam e se can u lng va chat e bu ap lai s 4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
thieu hut do phai huy ong nguon d tr cua ban than cho s hnh - Moi la tuoi.
thanh va phat trien trng, nhng neu khong c ap ng se sinh ra
5. Cach truyen lay
mo linh tinh.
- ay la mot tap tnh xau c cau thanh t ban nang hay mo
Nhom 2: Do cac ieu kien cham soc nuoi dng khong am bao
ra, tm toi thc an vi s tac ong cua cac nguyen nhan trc tiep
hoac b pha v can bang nh:
neu tren khien chung hua theo nhau mo, ra va tr thanh benh.
+ Anh sang qua tha.
6. Trieu chng
+ Mat o qua ong.
Mo, ra thng quan sat thay:
+ o am khong kh cao, thong thoang kem. - chan, hau mon, au co va cac phan khac cua c the.
+ Chat on chuong b moc, chuong nuoi cha nhieu kh oc - Hau qua cua mo can phu thuoc vao ni chung ra: T trui long
H2S, NH3, CO2 gay ngat hoac kch thch phan xa kho chu. en chay mau, rach da, rach tht, neu hau mon th chung loi ca
+ Tieng on lien tuc gay bt rt cho gia cam. ruot, ong dan trng ra e an. Nhng gia cam b mo chay mau hoac
+ Cham thu trng, trong o e hoac tren day chuyen trng co rach da, rach tht eu se chet neu khong nhanh chong tm c ni
nhieu trng non, vo mem, b dap v hoac co dnh mau o gay hap tru an an toan.
dan gia cam khac. 7. Benh tch
Nhom 3: V nguyen nhan nao o gay chay mau, co mau o tren - Nhn thay ro cac benh tch ni b mo ra.
c the lam hap dan cac con khac en ra nh: 8. ieu tr
+ Do e trng to qua (trng 2 long) lam rach t cung gay chay - Phai tm hieu nguyen nhan gay ra mo ra e khac phuc hau
mau hau mon hoac lon noi mac t cung ra ngoai. qua, cac viec phai lam cung mot luc gom:
+ Do cau trung cay ghep Coli bai huyet, a ra mau, mau dnh t. + Tm bat con b mo nhot rieng va boi xanh Methylen vao v
+ Do chay mau chan long ong canh, uoi khi b benh thieu mau tr b mo.
truyen nhiem, hay do mot nguyen nhan khac. + Tm nhng con i mo nhot rieng va cat mo.
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+ San an, gian mat o cang tha cang tot. + Thc an man qua (ham lng muoi vt qua 0,025% oi vi
+ Giam cng o anh sang. ga va 0,03% oi vi thuy cam).
+ Cho an uong eu ba. + Nhiet o ngoai tri cao tren 350C, nhiet o khong kh chuong
+ Thong gio cho chuong trai thoang mat, am ap. nuoi cao tren 390C, mat o gia cam cao.
+ Thay chat on (neu co the). + C the mat nc do tieu chay, do roi loan trao oi nc va
mot so trng hp mat nc do benh gay ra.
+ Can chnh lai chat lng thc an.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
+ Bo sung ngay 6g Super-Vitamin hoac 6g Doxyvit. Thai/1kg
thc an, cho an lien tuc 3 tuan. - Tat ca cac loai gia cam chan nuoi tap trung theo phng phap
cong nghiep eu co the mac benh.
+ e trong chuong hoac ngoai san chi cac chau a nghien
thanh soi nho, gach non, cat vang, voi bot e chung t tm kiem - Trong o cac giong gia cam sieu tht la man cam nhat.
va bu ap Ca, P va mot so chat khac. 4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
9. Phong benh - Tat ca cac la tuoi eu co the b mat nc, thieu nc.
- Khong e sai sot ky thuat cham soc va nuoi dng. 5. Trieu chng
- Khong cho phep ton tai cac nguyen nhan gay ra mo can nhau. - Gia cam b thieu nc luc au co cac bieu hien kch thch, hay
chay nhay lung tung tm nguon nc e uong, nhng khong co u
V. BENH DO THIEU NC (POLYDIPSIA)
nguon cung cap nc hoac chung c uong roi nhng van khat.
1. Gii thieu
- Mc o khat ngay mot tang.
- Benh do thieu nc hay hoi chng thieu nc la mot hien
- Chung giam an va to ra l , met moi.
tng benh ly gia cam v ly do nao o ma tang o khat nc, gia
cam tm kiem uong nc lien tuc. - Mat nham nghien.
- Benh con co cac ten goi khac nh khat nc, mat nc. - au buong thong, nhng mo luon m.
- Gia cam gay dan va sut can manh.
2. Nguyen nhan
+ Khong u so lng mang uong, nen nhng con yeu t khong - Chung bat au chet va ty le chet phu thuoc vao nguyen nhan
uong u lng nc can thiet. gay nen thieu nc hoac thi iem can thiep ieu tr.
+ Mang uong e qua cao (cao qua au) nen gia cam khong 6. Mo kham
uong c. - Long xu, da kho, c the kho.
+ Thc an kho qua (ham lng nc di 8%). - Cac mang bao cac c quan kho va c phu mot lp nhay mong.
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- Phan kho va luon c phu nhay mui. VI. BENH NHIEM OC AXIT BEO
- Thanh ruot mong, co mau hong do don mau. 1. Gii thieu
- Cac c quan noi tang gan, lach, than eu kho va co mau tham o. Trong chan nuoi ga tht vo beo ngay nay thng thay hien tng
- Than b viem sng. ga b tch nc xoang bung, c bung b tham, sa se dan, bung cang
dan roi chet. Hien tng benh ly nh vay thng xuat hien trong
- Mau ac co mau o tham.
giai oan t 3-6 tuan tuoi hoac thi ky ga e, ac trng vi cac
Neu do nhiem oc muoi man tnh con thay mang bao cac c bieu hien: tch nc xoang bung, viem dnh phuc mac, c bung
quan noi tang (tim, gan, lach, than, tui kh) c phu mot mang bien mau thanh mau xanh tham en.
mong mau trang va co the 2 ong nc tieu cha ay urat trang.
2. Nguyen nhan
7. Chan oan
- ay la mot van e ang c cac nha khoa hoc quan tam
- Benh de dang c nhan biet thong qua cac trieu chng lam nghien cu. Bc au co trng phai khoa hoc cho rang: o la ket
sang va benh tch mo kham. qua cua roi loan qua trnh trao oi chat. Cu the la tha axit beo
8. ieu tr (cac chat beo) nhng lai thieu cac vitamin va nguyen to vi lng.
- Phai tm ro nguyen nhan gay ra hien tng thieu nc e Co trng phai khac lai cho o la do qua trnh roi loan tieu hoa va
khac phuc. trao oi chat en viec boi nhiem E. coli hoac Salmonella.
- Khan trng cho ga uong nc thuoc. Trong 1 lt nc sach - Chung toi cho rang ca hai quan iem eu co c s ung va
can pha: 1g ien giai, 1,5g Super-Vitamin hoac Doxyvit. Thai, 2g co the tom tat nh sau: Nham muc ch thuc ga ln nhanh va beo,
bo gan - than - lach TA hoac TA. Sorbitol+B12, 5g Gluco K.C.B2 ngi ta a dung cac loai thc an ham lng am (protein) va chat
roi cho ga uong t do lien tuc 4-7 ngay em. beo (acid beo) cao, co nguon goc thc vat, ac biet la cac loai dau
va kho dau. Nhng lai thieu hut va mat can bang cac acid amin
9. Phong benh
khong thay the, cac nguyen to vi lng va cac vitamin a dan en
- Phai nam ro cac nguyen nhan gay ra hien tng thieu nc
s d tha nhieu axit beo lam cho c the b nhiem oc. Vai tro
uong e loai bo chung.
cua cac vitamin va cac nguyen to vi lng la rat ln. Chung la
- Nen thng xuyen quan sat ky an ga khi an, khi uong e kp thanh phan chat quan trong cua nhieu loai men tieu hoa. Neu thieu
thi ieu chnh mang thc an, mang uong. chung, viec phan huy, hap thu va ao thai lng axit beo d tha
- Neu thieu nc do roi loan tieu hoa, do benh ly th phai ieu khong het, dan en c the b nhiem oc, roi loan qua trnh ong
tr benh ly o en khoi hoan toan. hoa va d hoa. Qua trnh nay dien ra trong thi gian kha dai va neu
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chung ta khong tm cach can oi lai thanh phan, chat lng thc an - Than sng to va nht nhat.
th mot so ga se b ngo oc do tch tu nhieu axit beo d tha. - Phoi b phu ne cha nhieu nc. Tui kh uc va co nhieu
- S nhiem oc do axit beo d tha la nguyen nhan gay suy Fibrin bam dnh.
giam sc e khang, pha huy cau truc va chc nang gan, than lam - Tim to va nhao.
c the b suy nhc dan. Khi o ga rat de b boi nhiem E. coli, - Niem mac ruot viem cata, thanh ruot mong, long ruot co cha
Salmonella gay roi loan ho hap, roi loan tieu hoa va dan en ga
thc an khong tieu nhng khong co mau nau nh hoi chng coi
chet. Noi cach khac nguyen nhan c ban gay nen hien tng benh
coc (benh ga lun, benh trc thang).
ly nay la do tha axit beo gay nhiem oc va sau o la s ke phat
- Buong trng teo va b thoai hoa, ong dan trng cung b viem
gay benh cua E. coli va Salmonella, cung nh cua mot so vi khuan
teo, mang bao b viem Fibrin bam dnh...
va nam moc khac.
5. Chan oan
3. Trieu chng
- Benh de dang c chan oan tren c s lam sang va mo kham.
- Lac ac mot so ga b se bung, bung sa se dan va tr nen cang
phong lam cho ga kho va ngai van ong. 6. ieu tr
- Hang chuc ngay sau khi thay hien tng o, da bung tr nen - Nhng ga a co dau hieu lam sang tch nc bien mau c
tham tm hoac tm xanh. bung... th khong the cu cha c nen loai bo.
- Ga kem an hoac bo an, u ru, met moi roi loan tieu hoa roi chet. - Chung ta tch cc can thiep e han che s phat trien va xuat
hien mi cua benh oi vi nhng ca the khac.
- Ty le benh trong an khong cao t 2-10%, nhng hau het chung
a co hien tng cang phong bung, da tm xanh va eu se chet. Nguyen tac thc hien:

4. Mo kham + Bo sung cac nguyen to vi lng va vitamin bang viec dung


mot trong nhng loai thuoc bo sau: Doxyvit Thai hoac Super-
- Phu ne di da.
Vitamin hoac ADE.C ket hp vi bo gan-than-lach TA hoac giai
- Trong long bung cha ay dch mau vang nhat lan nhieu si oc gan hoac TA. Sorbitol. B12. Bo sung 1% (tc 10g/1kg thc an)
Fibrin bam dnh lung tung vao cac c quan noi tang. tron trong thc an va dung lien tuc 2-4 tuan.
- Gan sng to co mau tham sam vi nhieu am xung huyet hoac + Phai giam ngay cac axit beo bang viec giam hoac loai bo
co mau vang nh at set, x cng. Tren be mat gan co lp mang gia kho dau va dau thc vat dung trong thc an, tc phai can oi lai
Fibrin mong va co mau trang xam. Khi tach mang gia thay co nhieu thanh phan dinh dng khau phan an sao cho u am, u axit
iem hoai t trang, trong cac trng hp o gan mem nhun, de v. amin nhng khong d tha axit beo.
20 21
+ Phai chu trong chong nam moc va kha nang sinh oc to cua cac yeu to stress nh lanh qua, nong qua hoac van chuyen xa.
thc an bang cach tron 200g Fungicid Thai vao 100kg thc an e Benh co ten tieng Anh la Fatty Liver and Kidney Disease viet
dung hang ngay. tat la FLKD. Benh gay chet khoang 2-10% so ga trong an.
+ Phai ngan chan s boi nhiem ke phat cua E. coli va Salmonella 2. Nguyen nhan benh
khi tch nc xoang bung xay ra.
- Do thieu Biotin keo dai trong khau phan an.
Cach thc hien cu the nh sau:
- Do cac yeu to stress co hai thuc ay.
- Neu thc an a phoi che san (do cac c s san xuat) ban tren
Viec thieu Biotin dan en khong co nguyen lieu e c the ga
th trng th ta lam nh sau:
tong hp nen cac axit Aspartic, axit Lactic, axit Piruvic tham gia
+ TIC 200-250g.
vao cac qua trnh phan huy va hap thu chat dinh dng, giam kha
+ Fungicid Thai: 200g hoac Quixalus: 100g. nang trao oi oxy, tang s tch tu cac chat oc trong c the dan
+ Doxyvit Thai hoac Super-Vitamin: 400-500g. en sng va thoai hoa gan, than.
Cac loai thuoc tren tron eu vi 100kg cam va co the bao quan 3. Trieu chng benh
c 7-10 ngay, vi loai thc an a c bo sung nh vay chung - Benh xay ra ga t 10-30 ngay tuoi va gan lien vi cac yeu
ta cho gia cam an lien tuc 2-4 tuan th benh tch nc se c han to stress co hai.
che en mc toi a.
- Bnh thng ga van phat trien (ng nhien la cham so vi
Chu y:
bnh thng) nhng chung ta khong he biet rang ga ang thieu
- TIC co the thay the bang mot trong cac loai thuoc sau: T. Biotin. en khi co cac yeu to qua lanh hoac qua nong tac ong
Colivit; T. Avimycin, T. Umgiaca. hoac sau chuyen an th mot so ga quay ra, co giat hoac nhay
- Pig-Mix.1, Pig-Mix 2, Gentafam 1, Ampi-Coli. Thai, Anti- tan loan roi chet.
CRD.LA - Ty le chet phu thuoc vao mc o thieu Biotin va thi gian
VII. HOI CHNG SNG GAN-THAN (FATTY LIVER AND thieu keo dai bao lau, thng t 2-10%.
KIDNEY DISEASE - FLKD) 4. Mo kham
1. Gii thieu - Vach long ga va chet hoac ga song thay da kho co vay trang.
Benh thng xay ra ga hng tht nuoi vo beo t 10-30 ngay tuoi - Quan sat thay mau hong di da co va mat ca chan.
vi cac bieu hien lam sang ac trng: co giat va chet ngay sau khi co - Gan, than sng to co mau nhat.
22 23
- Bao tim cha dch tham xuat mau vang nga, trong suot vi * Phac o 1:
khoi lng nhieu giong nh benh tu huyet trung. - TA.Sorbitol-B12: 40g
- ng ruot co cha nhieu dch mau hi en. - Super-Vitamin: 20g
5. Chan oan Pha vao 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong trong 1 ngay.
Benh sng ph gan, than de biet qua cac trieu chng lam sang * Phac o 1:
va benh tch mo kham. - Bo gan-lach-than.TA: 40g
Neu trng hp kho xem xet th phai xet nghiem phan tch thc - Doxyvit. Thai: 20g
an va loai tr nguyen nhan gay benh do vi khuan hoac virut.
Pha vao 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong trong 1 ngay.
6. ieu tr * Phac o 3:
- Loai bo ngay cac yeu to stress ang xay ra, si am hoac
- Giai oc gan: 40g
thong thoang chuong nuoi.
- Embrio-Stimulan: 20g/pha 20 lt/100kg ga/ngay.
- Cung cap ngay ham lng Biotin va Cholin can thiet cho ga
Tat ca cac phac o ieu tr tren dung lien tuc 2-3 tuan se cho
vi lieu hoat chat.
ket qua tot.
+ Biotin 1,0mg/1kg P
7. Phong benh
+ Cholin 1,9mg/1kg P
- Chu y can bang chat trong thc an, khong the thieu Biotin va
Co the tron thc an hoac pha nc cho ga uong ngay em va
Cholin.
lien tuc 5-10 ngay, sau thi gian nay chung ta giam i 1/2 va tiep
tuc dung trong 2-3 ngay na. - Tranh cac yeu to stress gay hai.

- Biotin, cholin va mot so chat khac thng co trong cac Premix - Thng xuyen s dung bo gan-than-lach. TA hoac bo gan.TA.
vitamin, Premix khoang nh: Sorbitol+B12 va Super-Vitamin hoac Doxyvit Thai.
+ Super-Vitamin VIII. HOI CHNG CHET OT T GIA CAM (SUDDEN
+ Doxyvit.Thai DEATH SYNDROME)
Cac loai Premix tren dung pha nc uong hoac tron thc an vi 1. Gii thieu
lieu them 1% (10g/1 lt nc uong hoac 10g/1kg thc an) dung lien Hoi chng chet ot t gia cam do khong ro nguyen nhan ngay
tuc 1 thang. Ket hp cac thuoc giai oc gan, bo gan-lach-than. TA nay thng quan sat thay ga nuoi cong nghiep hng sieu tht
hoac TA. Sorbitol-B12 qua cach dung cu the nh sau: t 2-8 tuan tuoi va chu yeu xay ra ga c vi hien tng bong
24 25
nhien chet nam nga, v the benh con co cac ten goi khac nh nga, giay chet trong khoang 1-2 phut.
Fatal Sinrop, chet trong trang thai beo tot, chet nam nga. + Ty le benh khong cao trong ngay, nhng ty le t vong rat cao,
2. Nguyen nhan tc la con nao co bieu hien nh the la hau nh se chet.
en nay cac nha khoa hoc tren the gii cha tm c tieng noi + Ty le chet cho ca thi ky t 2-8 tuan tuoi khoang 5-10% trong an.
chung ve nguyen nhan gay benh, nhng a phan cac tac gia ang 6. Mo kham
nghieng ve cac yeu to ot bien di truyen, ho cho rang cac ket qua Khong co bat c dau hieu benh ly ac trng nao.
nghien cu tao ra cac giong ga sieu tht ln nhanh, nuoi tap trung
7. ieu tr
mat o cao va cac yeu to stress la thu pham gay ra hien tng chet
- Cha co hng ieu tr ro ret, nhng cac chuyen gia thu y
ot t ga.
khuyen cao nen dung khang sinh va thuoc bo e loai bo cac yeu to
3. Loai va giong gia cam mac benh stress va vi khuan co c hoi gay benh th phat. Neu quan sat thay
- Ga, vt, ngan sieu tht nang suat cao va benh xay ra chu yeu trong an gia cam, nhat la con c beo tot co trieu chng l ,
ga, vt sieu tht nuoi tap trung cong nghiep. chan an va chet th phai dung ngay thuoc:
- Giong c thng b chet nhieu hn giong cai. + Cac thuoc khang sinh thng dung la: Mot trong cac loai sau
T. Colivit, T. Umgiaca, T. Flox. C, T. Avimycin, Ampicoli. Thai,
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
TIC, Pig-Mix 1.
- Tuoi gia cam thng chet ot t la t 2-8 tuan tuoi va oi khi
thay cac la tuoi khac. + Cac thuoc bo thng dung la: Mot trong cac loai sau Super-
Vitamin, Doxyvit-Thai, Bo gan-lach-than. TA, TA. Sorbitol+B12,
- Nhng ga benh xay ra chu yeu t 2-4 tuan tuoi.
Gluco K.C.B2 cu the nh sau:
5. Trieu chng
* Phac o 1:
- Benh xay ra het sc ot ngot, thong thng ngi chan nuoi
+ Bo gan than lach TA: 40g
khong quan sat thay qua trnh dien bien benh ma ch thay gia
cam chet khi i quay tr lai sau 1 vong xem xet tnh trang an gia + Super-vitamin: 20g
cam. + T. Colivit: 20g
- Nhng cac bac s thu y khi quan sat ky ho a ghi nhan mot so Ca 3 loai thuoc tren pha vao 20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong/
bieu hien khong ien hnh trc khi chet gom: ngay em, dung lien tuc 3-4 ngay.
+ Gia cam l , chan an, xu long, li van ong trong khoang * Phac o 2:
1-2 gi, sau o bong dng chung vay canh, nhay soc len roi nam + TA. Sobitol + B12: 40g
26 27
+ Doxyvit thai: 20g + Thc an mat can bang dinh dng am, chat beo, vi lng gay
+ T. Flox C: 20g roi loan trao oi chat.
Thuoc pha vao 20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong/ngay em, dung + Cac yeu to stress bat li: Thieu mang an, mang uong, thieu
lien tuc 3-4 ngay. nc uong, mat o chan nuoi ong, tieu kh hau khong tot cha
8. Phong benh nhieu kh oc CO2, H2S, NH3 trong chuong nuoi.
- am bao mat o nuoi cang tha cang tot. - Trong thc an, nc uong cha nhieu nam moc, vi sinh vat
- Thc an u chat, can bang dinh dng. sinh oc to gay hai.
- Tranh cac yeu to stress, nhat la moi khi thay oi thc an, nc - Cac vi khuan va ky sinh trung c hoi cong sinh trong c the gia
uong, kh hau. cam, chung se tr thanh oc lc khi co cac stress bat li thuc ay.
- Chu y x ly moi trng chan nuoi hp ly, ac biet la van e 3. Loai gia cam mac benh
thong thoang. Tat ca cac loai gia cam nuoi va hoang cam eu co the mac benh.
IX. BENH SUY DINH DNG (HYPOTROPHIA) 4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
1. Gii thieu - Benh thng xay ra trong thi gian nuoi um hoac giai oan do.
Benh suy dinh dng la ket qua roi loan trao oi chat do nhieu - Tuy nhien benh co the xay ra bat c giai oan nao trong qua
yeu to gay ra (mat can bang kha nang ong hoa va d hoa, giam trnh chan nuoi.
kha nang thch nghi vi ieu kien kh hau, tieu kh hau, cac yeu 5. Trieu chng
to suy nhc do an khong u khoi lng hoac chat lng, cac - Benh suy dinh dng (hay con goi la suy nhc c the) gom
nguyen nhan co nguon goc nam moc, vi sinh vat sinh oc to) dan 3 mc:
en c the cham phat trien coi coc, giam trong lng c the en
+ Mc 1: Trong lng c the giam en 20% so vi bnh thng.
40% so vi luc bnh thng.
+ Mc 2: Trong lng c the giam t 20-40%.
2. Nguyen nhan
- Benh do a nguyen nhan: + Mc 3: Trong lng c the giam tren 40%.
+ Yeu to di truyen: Khiem khuyet cau truc hoac roi loan chc - Cac bieu hien suy dinh dng gom:
nang do di truyen gay ra he tieu hoa lam cho kha nang ong hoa + Xng li hai (xng ngc) nho cao, 2 ben ln khong co
va d hoa b roi loan. hoac co rat t tht.
+ Gia cam b thieu thc an (thieu ca ve chat va lng so vi + Mat can bang ty le chieu cao c the vi khoi lng c (phan
nhu cau cua c the trong mot thi gian dai). mem) cua c the, trong o nghieng nhieu ve chieu cao.
28 29
+ C ui nhao, giam manh ve khoi lng. 9. Phong benh
+ Than nhiet luon nam gii han thap hoac di mc bnh Chu ong loai bo cac yeu to gay nen hoi chng suy dinh dng
thng ac thu cho moi loai gia cam. nh phan ieu tr a neu.
6. Mo kham X. BENH THIEU VITAMIN A (HYPOVITAMINOSIS A)
- Da giam kha nang an hoi. 1. Gii thieu
- C ui, c ngc teo, nhao va giam manh ve khoi lng. Benh thieu vitamin A gay ra cac bien oi ac trng mat, niem
- Khong co hoac co rat t lp m di da. mac mieng, mui, hau, thc quan va mot so c quan khac. Benh lam
- Cac c quan noi tang b teo quat, ac biet la ng tieu hoa. giam ang ke hieu qua chan nuoi, bi tang trong kem, giam kha
nang sinh san va giam so au gia cam. Benh con co cac ten goi
- Toan than suy nhc, gay go.
khac nh Avitaminosa A, Aretinosis, Hyporetinosis...
7. Chan oan
2. Nguyen nhan
- Da vao cac ac iem lam sang, benh tch co the chan oan
Nguyen nhan chu yeu la do ham lng Vitamin A va tien
c benh.
Vitamin A - Carotene trong cac nguyen lieu c s dung e phoi
- Neu can th tien hanh xet nghiem: heamoglubin, hong cau,
che thc an qua thap hoac khong co.
ng huyet va am tong so trong mau eu b giam di mc bnh
thng. oi vi gia cam, vitamin A di dang A1 va A2 la vo cung can
thiet, tien vitamin A la cac , va Carotene va Cryptoxanthin co
8. ieu tr
nguon goc t cac loai thc vat, trong khi cac hon hp thc an lai
- Tang cng ky thuat cham soc nuoi dng, ac biet chu trong
t khi s dung hoac s dung t cac nguyen lieu co nguon goc thc
chat lng thc an. Can bo sung Super-Vitamin hoac Doxyvit.Thai
vat, ngoai tr kho dau, bot co...
6-10g/kg thc an, cho an lien tuc 1 thang.
Chnh v the, trong cong nghe phoi che thc an gia cam ngi
- Phai giai oc cho c the bang cach dung 40g Bo gan-lach-than
ta thng phai bo sung mot lng vitamin A tong hp nham ap
TA hoac TA. Sorbitol+B12 va 200g Gluco K.C.B2 cho 100kg gia
ng u nhu cau vitamin A.
cam an uong 1 ngay, dung lien tuc 10-15 ngay.
- Chu y tranh cac yeu to stress co hai, gian mat o nuoi, u mang 3. Loai gia cam mac benh
an, mang uong, giam CO2, H2S, NH3 trong chuong nuoi. Tat ca cac loai gia cam, thuy cam eu co the mac benh.
- Neu can th nen tay giun san bang 20g Leva 20/100kg gia cam 4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
an 1 lan duy nhat. Tat ca cac la tuoi gia cam eu nhay cam vi thieu Vitamin A,
30 31
trong o gia cam non va gia cam trong thi ky sinh san la de b nhat. - Viem thoi mat, mu mat.
5. Trieu chng - M mat luon b viem sng.
- Mao, tch kho va quan. - Than xuat hien cac tia tham va nht nhat.
- Long xu, kem bong, tr nen x xac va kho, de b rung. Cac c quan noi tang c bao phu mot lp mang gia mong
trang nh voi, nh phan.
- Da b bien oi mau sac ac trng cho loai.
7. Chan oan
- Mo cung b bien mau ac thu cua loai hoac cua c the.
- Da vao cac ac iem dch te, lam sang va benh tch ta co the
- Chay nc mat, nc mui. chan oan c benh.
- Vung mieng b viem (Stomatitis), vung hong xuat hien cac not - Neu nghi ng th nen xet nghiem e xac nh ham lng
san trang hoac mang gia trang. vitamin A va carotene trong huyet thanh, trong gan va long o
- M mat b viem sng, giac mac kho va viem, giam th lc (mat trng. Ham lng thap di mc bnh thng, hoac tien hanh phan
b quang), sau o b thoai hoa va cang loi ra, dan dan tr nen mu tch vitamin A cung nh carotene trong cac hon hp thc an... eu
loa. Cac bien oi nay xay ra mot hoac ca hai mat. co khoi lng thap hn so vi yeu cau.

- Gia cam benh chan an, l buon ngu va b tieu chay, chung 8. ieu tr
gay sut, i lai kho khan va i vo hng, bc i khong can oi. - Khan trng tiem bap cho gia cam ln AD3E. Thai 1ml/5kg
the trong/lan/ngay, tiem 2-3 lan. Hoac cho an Multivit hoac Hydro
- Ty le e, ty le phoi eu giam manh gia cam mai.
AD3E hoac Trivital AD3E... oi vi gia cam con hoac gia cam sinh
- Tinh dch loang do t tinh trung va co nhieu tinh trung chet san lien tuc 7-10 ngay.
hoac quai d gia cam c.
- Neu co benh th phat th phai ieu tr dt iem benh th phat
Tuy nhien, co mot so trng hp benh xay ra am va rat cham (cac benh th phat thng la cac benh he tieu hoa hoac ho hap,
nen co the khong xuat hien cac bien oi ac trng neu tren, ngoai t khi he sinh san).
s suy kiet dan dan.
9. Phong benh
6. Mo kham - Chu ong cung cap u vitamin A va carotene khi phoi che
Benh do thieu Vitamin A co cac bien oi ac trng: thc an.
- Viem xoang mui. - Khi um gia cam mi n, nen nho trc tiep AD3E. Thai vao
- Viem vung hong, mieng, trong vung nay co nhieu not san mieng cho moi con 2- 3 giot ngay sau khi tha chung vao quay hoac
trang, oi khi c phu 1 mang gia trang. phong um.
32 33
- Trong qua trnh chan nuoi nen chu trong bo sung them Super- 4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
Vitamin hoac Doxyvit. Thai 1g/lt cho gia cam uong 3 ngay lien - Tat ca cac la tuoi eu co the b mac benh.
tuc/1 t, moi thang can uong 1 t la u. - Tuy nhien nhay cam nhat la gia cam s sinh, gia cam non
- Neu co ieu kien, nen bo sung them ca rot ti cho gia cam ang trong thi ky ln (sinh trng) manh.
t an hoac 1-2% bot co kho trong thc an hon hp, cho an lien tuc 5. Trieu chng
30 ngay au tien ke t ngay um. - Giam an, u ru, li van ong, dang i khong vng.
XI. BENH THIEU VITAMIN B1 (HYPOVITAMINOSIS B1, - Khi ng hoac ngoi th cac ngon chan thng b quap (co rum
AVITAMINOSIS B1, ATIAMINOSIS...) lai), au thng nghoeo ngoat ve sau lng hoac sang 1 ben, giong
nh benh Niu-cat-xn, nhng ay benh khong lay lan.
1. Gii thieu
- Ga benh thng nam nghieng va run ray hoac co giat, ve sau
Benh do thieu vitamin B1 ngay cang thng xuyen xuat hien
khi xuat hien liet chan va canh th chung khong i lai c. Luc
trong chan nuoi gia cam tap trung, vi cac bieu hien chu yeu he
o ga b tieu chay, viem da va suy kiet dan roi chet.
than kinh cua gia cam non ang phat trien. V the benh con co ten
- gia cam e, ty le e giam, ty le chet phoi cao, ty le ap n
goi khac la benh viem a day than kinh (Polyneuritis), benh than
thap, ga con n ra yeu va thieu linh hoat...
kinh (Aneurinosis) va do vitamin B1 con co ten khac la tiamin nen
6. Mo kham
benh con co ten la Atiaminosis...
- Gan b thoai hoa, sng to va mem nhun.
2. Nguyen nhan
- Than sng va cung b thoai hoa.
Benh do thieu vitamin B1 thng xay ra:
- Nao co mau hong nhat do don mau.
- Do ham lng vitamin B1 trong thc an thap di mc cho phep.
7. Chan oan
- Do dung qua nhieu cac loai thuoc cha cac thanh phan thuoc - Da vao ac iem lam sang, benh tch co the chan oan c benh.
nhom Sulfonomide nh Sulfachloropirazin, Sulfachloropyridazin,
- Tuy nhien can xet nghiem ham lng B1 trong huyet thanh,
Sulfadimedin... hoac cac loai nguyen lieu thuoc nhom Nitrofuran gan va long o trng - eu giam, rieng axit folic gan lai tang.
nh: Furazolidon, Furaltadon...
- Khoi lng B1 trong thanh phan cua thc an di mc cho phep.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh - Khi xet nghiem vi the nao hoac day than kinh ui se thay
Tat ca cac loai gia cam, thuy cam eu co the mac benh. Nhng cac bien oi ac trng cua phan ng viem vo trung (polyneuritis
ga va cac loai cung noi man cam nhat. aceptica).
34 35
8. ieu tr - Benh c mang nhieu ten goi khac nhau nh tieu e a ghi,
- Khan trng bo sung Super-Vitamin hoac Doxyvit-Thai: 10- trong o benh co quap ngon chan vao pha trong c s dung
12g/1kg thc an tuan au, sau o giam xuong 6g/kg thc an cho tng oi rong rai, nham neu bat tnh ac thu do benh gay ra.
3-4 tuan tiep theo. 2. Nguyen nhan
- ieu chnh lai thanh phan chat cua thc an sao cho u Vitamin B1. - Nguyen nhan chnh la do thieu vitamin B2 trong thc an, t o
9. Phong benh lng vitamin B2 trong long o trng b giam. Khi lay trng t cac
- Can oi cac thanh phan cau tao cong thc thc an sao cho u an nay e ap se cho ra i mot the he con a thieu vitamin B2
chat, ac biet vitamin B1. bam sinh hay con goi la benh co quap chan nguyen phat.
- Chu trong chong nam moc trong cac qua trnh che bien, bao - Trng hp th 2 la do an gia cam sinh san phai dung qua
quan, lu thong thc an, v nam moc se phan huy vitamin B1 noi nhieu cac loai khang khuan thuoc nhom Sulfonamide, nhom
rieng va nhom B noi chung, dan en thieu hut vitamin B1 va cac khang sinh va nhom Nitrofuran e phong va tr mot so benh
truyen nhiem khac a gay ra s pha huy va phan giai vitamin B2
loai vitamin B khac.
trong c the gia cam.
- Phai thng xuyen bo sung men tieu hoa Feedophyt 2500
- Ngoai ra trong thc an cha nhieu nam moc, trong c the gia
hoac Hostazym vi lieu 400g/tan thc an (4g/kg) cho gia cam an
cam co nhieu giun, san ky sinh,... eu tr thanh cac yeu to lam
lien tuc nham giup gia cam t tong hp c vitamin B1 noi rieng giam ham lng B2. Trong cac trng hp thieu vitamin B2 nh
va cac loai vitamin khac thuoc nhom B noi chung trong ng tieu neu tren, ngi ta goi la thieu vitamin B2 th phat.
hoa cua chung.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
XII. BENH THIEU VITAMIN B2 (HYPOVITAMINOSIS B2, Tat ca cac loai gia cam nuoi tap trung eu co the b thieu
AVITAMINOSIS B2, ARIBOFLAVINOSIS...) vitamin B2. Nhng man cam nhat la ga.
1. Gii thieu 4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
- Benh do thieu vitamin B2 co the xay ra oi vi tat ca cac loai Benh xay ra chu yeu gia cam non ang trong thi ky sinh
gia cam nuoi tap trung cong nghiep vi cac bieu hien ac trng: trng manh nhat.
co quap hoac cong veo cac ngon chan vao pha trong va mat b 5. Trieu chng
rm mau hoac tang nhan ap, tc la noi ro cac tia mau trong giac - U ru, xu long, kem an.
mac mat. Benh gay nhieu thiet hai ve kinh te do giam toc o sinh - Gia cam mac benh li i lai, bc i khong vng, khong
trng (tang trong), giam kha nang sinh san... thang bang.
36 37
- Cac ngon chan cong veo vao pha trong, thi gian troi i se * Phac o 2:
kem theo ban liet va liet mot hoac ca 2 chan hoac canh. - Cho gia cam sinh san uong hoac an:
- Mat b tang ap lc, dan dan noi ro mang li mach mau cua + Gluco.K.C.B2: 200g
giac mac, nhn t xa nh b rm mau. + Embrio. Stimulan: 20g
- Gia cam con cham ln. + T. Flox.C: 15g
- gia cam sinh san, ty le e, ty le phoi, ty le ap n eu giam 3 loai thuoc nay pha vao 20 lt nc hoac tron vao 10kg thc an
manh, ty le chet phoi ky II rat cao, do o gia cam mi n co sc cho 100kg gia cam an hoac uong trong ngay, dung lien tuc 5-10
song kem. ngay. Neu thay can thiet co the keo dai them.
6. Mo kham 8. Phong benh
- gia cam con va gia cam ang sinh trng thay: - Nen chu trong cung cap u lng vitamin B2 trong thc an
+ Gan b thoai hoa. hon hp.
+ Day than kinh mong, ui (N. Ischiadicus) va day than kinh - Neu dung cac loai thuoc thuoc nhom Sulfonamid va Nitrofuran
vai, co (N. Brachialis) eu sng to do tang sinh. vao muc ch phong va tr benh cho gia cam th phai kem theo cac
+ Tuyen thng than sng. loai thuoc khac cha vitamin B2, tot nhat la Gluco.K.C.B2 va Super-
Vitamin hoac Doxyvit. Thai (lieu lng theo hng dan tren bao b).
- gia cam ln (gia cam sinh san): mo kham rat kho hoac
- nh ky tay giun san cho gia cam.
khong phat hien c cac bien oi benh ly.
- Chong nam moc trong bao quan, lu thong thc an bang cach
7. ieu tr
bo sung 200g Fungicid. Thai/100kg thc an, neu vao mua ma am
* Phac o 1: th co the tang len 400g/100kg thc an.
- Cho gia cam ang ln uong hoac an ngay toa thuoc: - Thng xuyen bo sung Feedophyt.2500 4-6kg/1 tan thc an,
+ Gluco.K.C.B2: 200g nham giup gia cam t tong hp c vitamin B2 noi rieng va cac
+ Super-Vitamin hoac Doxyvit: 20g loai vitamin nhom B noi chung trong ng ruot.
+ T. Colivit: 15g XIII. BENH THIEU VITAMIN B6 (HYPOVITAMIN B6,
3 loai thuoc tren pha vao 20 lt nc hoac tron thc an cho AVITAMINOSIS B6, HYPOPYRIDOXINOSIS, APYRIDOXINOSIS...)
100kg gia cam uong hoac an trong 1 ngay, dung lien tuc 5-7 ngay, 1. Gii thieu
neu can th co the keo dai ti 10 ngay. Benh do thieu vitamin B6 co the xay ra moi loai gia cam nuoi
38 39
tap trung cong nghiep, vi cac bieu hien ac trng cua he than 6. Mo kham
kinh va thong thng luon co mat cung vi s thieu hut cac loai - C the suy nhc, gay roc.
vitamin khac gay nen phc hp benh. Vitamin B6 con co cac ten - Gan, than b thoai hoa.
goi khac nh: Pyridoxin, Adermin, t ay benh c goi cac ten - Buong trng, tinh hoan khong phat trien gia cam do hau b
khac nh tieu e a ghi. hoac b teo quat gia cam sinh san.
2. Nguyen nhan - Toan than thieu mau, nht nhat.
Nguyen nhan chu yeu gay benh cung giong nh benh do 7. Chan oan
thieu vitamin B1, B2. Ngoai ra neu thc an cha ham lng am - Da vao ac iem dch te, lam sang, benh tch e chan oan.
cao se gay ra hien tng phan huy vitamin B6, gian tiep lam giam - Neu nghi ng th xet nghiem mau: ham lng haemoglubin
khoi lng vitamin B6 c hap thu. giam, cholesteron tang.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh - Khi phan tch thc an ta thay thieu vitamin B6 hoac benh
Tat ca cac loai gia cam nuoi tap trung cong nghiep eu mac xay ra sau khi dung qua nhieu thuoc thuoc nhom Sulfonamid va
benh, ac biet la ga. Nitrofuran trong phong va tr benh.
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh 8. ieu tr
Benh co the xay ra moi la tuoi. - Cung cap ngay vitamin B6 bang cach bo sung Super-Vitamin
5. Trieu chng hay Doxyvit. Thai 10-12g/100kg thc an, cho an lien tuc 7-10
- gia cam ang trong thi ky sinh trng manh (ln nhanh). ngay, sau o giam lieu dung i 1/2 va dung lien tuc 1 thang.
+ Cac hien tng chung: u ru, xu long, long gion de gay, giam - Bo sung men tieu hoa Feedophyt 400g/tan thc an, cho an
van ong (li i lai, hay nam), an kem, ln cham. lien tuc bot co kho trong thc an.
+ Cac bieu hien ac thu: - Loai bo tam thi cac thuoc thuoc nhom Nitrofuran va
- Sa canh (buong thong canh). Sulfonamide trong cong tac phong va tr benh.
- i chao ao (i khong vng, mat thang bang). 9. Phong benh
- Run ray, co giat, au ngoeo ngc ra sau lng. Phai bo sung thng xuyen 6g/kg thc an Super-Vitamin hoac
- Gia cam gay roc roi chet. 6g Doxyvit. Thai/kg thc an kem theo men tieu hoa Feedophyt
+ gia cam sinh san: khong co cac bieu hien than kinh, nhng 2.500 400g/tan thc an hoac Hostazym 5000 vi lieu 200g
giam e manh, tham ch tat e, ty le phoi, ty le ap n eu giam. nguyen chat/1 tan thc an hoac 4-6kg men a pha loang/1 tan
40 41
thc an, nham giup the gia cam t tong hp lay vitamin B6 trong 5. Trieu chng
ng ruot. - Cac bieu hien benh khong ien hnh, ngoai cac trieu chng
cham ln, gay, thieu mau ga do, hau b.
XIV. BENH THIEU VITAMIN B12 (HYPOVITAMIN B12,
ACYANOCOBALAMINOSIS, HYPOCYANOCOBALAMINOSIS B12) - ga sinh san ngoai cac trieu chng tren con thay them cac
bieu hien ty le e thap, ty le chet phoi cao va ty le n cung thap.
1. Gii thieu
Do gia cam, ac biet la ga khong t tong hp c vitamin B12 6. Mo kham
nen buoc chung ta phai cung cap u lng vitamin B12 thong qua - Thay ro cac not loet xuyen qua mang cutin cua da day c.
thc an. Viec thieu vitamin B12 trong thc an se gay nen benh ly - Tuyen thng than sng to.
khong ac trng gia cam giai oan do va ln tuoi. - C the gay thieu mau, nht nhat
2. Nguyen nhan 7. Chan oan
- Nguyen nhan nguyen phat: do thieu vitamin B12 trong thc - Khong the da vao trieu chng lam sang va benh tch mo kham
an, ac biet la thc an hon hp khong dung bot ca, bot xng tht e chan oan benh ma can phai tien hanh xet nghiem mau va gan.
lam nguyen lieu. ay ham lng vitamin B12 rat thap so vi bnh thng.
- Nguyen nhan th phat: mac du trong thc an a cha u ham 8. ieu tr
lng vitamin B12 nhng do nuoi long, gia cam khong c an - Khan trng bo sung TA.Sorbitol +B12 va Super-Vitamin hoac
phan cua chnh chung trong o co ham lng vitamin B12 cao, Doxyvit. Thai vi lieu lng nh sau:
hoac do ieu kien cham soc khong tot, do cac yeu to stress, ac
+ TA.Sorbitol + B12: 40g
biet la do giun, san a lam c the gia cam khong hap thu tot nguon
+ Super-Vitamin hoac Doxyvit.Thai: 20g
vitamin B12.
Hai loai thuoc nay co the pha vao 20 lt nc hoac tron eu
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
trong thc an cho 100kg gia cam an, uong trong ngay, dung lien
- Tat ca cac loai gia cam eu co the mac benh, trong o ga man
tuc 7 ngay, neu can co the keo dai 2-3 tuan.
cam hn thuy cam.
- Phai bo sung bot ca, bot xng tht, bot co keo dau hoac bot beo
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh dau trong thc an cho gia cam an lien tuc trong thi gian con lai.
- Tat ca cac la tuoi eu co the mac benh. 9. Phong benh
- Tuy nhien benh ch boc lo sau khi gia cam a giai oan do - Can oi thanh phan chat lng thc an giau vitamin B12 nh
hoac trng thanh va giai oan sinh san. bot ca, bot xng tht hoac bo sung trc tiep vitamin B12.
42 43
- Phai loai bo cac yeu to gay nen thieu vitamin B12. Neu nuoi - Viem mieng, viem mui, viem thanh quan, viem thc quan.
long hoac tren san li th phai bo sung thng xuyen vitamin - Goc mo mieng luc au o tay, sau o c phu mot lp vay
B12 di dang TA. Sorbitol+B12 hoac Super-Vitamin hay Doxyvit. mau trang xam.
Thai vi lieu bang 1/2 lieu ieu tr.
- Thanh mac vung mieng, ac biet la li co mau tham en v
- Rieng oi vi thuy cam phai bo sung vitamin B12 ngay t ngay the benh c goi la benh li en.
au sau khi n.
- Da gan ban chan b nt ne, b viem hoai t, gan khuyu chan
XV. BENH THIEU VITAMIN PP (VITAMIN B5) b viem sng va trat ra khoi v tr bnh thng, gia cam b liet hoac
(HYPOVITAMINOSIS PP, AVITAMINOSIS B5) - BENH ban liet.
LI EN - Tieu chay hoac roi loan tieu hoa la benh chng khong ac
1. Gii thieu trng nhng luon luon hien hu.
Vitamin PP co rat nhieu ten goi khac nhau nh: vitamin B5, - gia cam sinh san, ty le e giam, ty le chet phoi cao, ty le
Niacin, axit Nicotic (Acide nicotic), Nicotinamide... Khi thieu ap n thap.
vitamin B5 gia cam se mac benh vi cac bieu hien ac trng viem
6. Chan oan
niem mac mieng, li, hau, trong nhieu trng hp ngi ta goi la
benh li en hay benh Pellagra do li b tham en. - Co the can c vao ac iem benh ly e chan oan benh. Tuy
nhien can phai xet nghiem mau e khang nh benh: ham lng
2. Nguyen nhan
vitamin PP thap di mc bnh thng.
Thc an cha khong u ham lng vitamin B5 hoac do gia cam
lien tuc b viem ruot tieu chay hoac do cac loai giun, san pha huy - Phan tch thc an: ham lng axit nicotic thap hn yeu cau.
niem mac ruot, khien kha nang hap thu vitamin B5 b can tr hoac 7. ieu tr
b roi loan,... - Bo sung ngay vitamin PP vao thc an hoac nc uong thong
3. Loai gia cam mac benh qua 10-12g Super-Vitamin hoac Doxyvit. Thai/1kg thc an, cho
Tat ca cac loai gia cam eu co the mac benh. an lien tuc 15 ngay.
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh - Thng xuyen cho gia cam an bo sung ca rot, bot co keo dau,
Tat ca cac la tuoi gia cam eu co the mac benh. cam gao... vi ty le t 5-10% c tron eu trong thc an.
5. Trieu chng 8. Phong benh
- Gia cam benh thieu linh hoat, roi loan qua trnh tao long, long - Thc hien phong chong benh do thieu PP thong qua viec can
de rung. oi lai khau phan thc an.
44 45
- Neu thay mot trong cac trieu chng benh xuat hien th phai 5. Trieu chng va benh tch.
ieu tr ca an gia cam ngay lap tc. - Benh luon the cap tnh, bat au t viec giam an, l , xu
long, sa canh.
XVI. BENH THIEU VITAMIN E (AVITAMINOSIS E,
HYPOVITAMINOSIS E, DIATHESIS EXUDATIVA) - Sau o, ga i lai kho khan, gay sut nhanh chong, nhng lai
xuat hien phu ne, tch nc di da canh, vung ngc, vung bung,
1. Gii thieu
oi khi thay ca chan, vung au tham ch ca vung lng.
- Benh do thieu vitamin E thng xay ra the cap tnh gia cam
- S nan cac vung phu ne thay khong nong, khong au, co o
t 2-8 tuan tuoi, ac biet la ga trong vi cac bieu hien phu ne, tch
mem cang va di ong. Tat ca cac ga co benh chng nay eu chet,
nc di da canh, da ngc, da bung va oi khi chan va au.
ty le chet dao ong t 5-20% phu thuoc vao mc o thieu vitamin
- Thong thng benh do thieu vitamin E la nguyen phat, song E va Selen.
trong nhieu trng hp benh se nang ne hn neu cung mot luc
- Rach o phu ne, thay mot chat long keo ac mau xanh xam,
thieu Selen va tang andehyd va dioxit. hoac vang sanh hoac mau hong chay ra.
2. Nguyen nhan - Khoang bung cha nhieu dch tham xuat mau vang xanh hoac
- Nguyen nhan chnh gay nen benh la do thieu vitamin E. vang o.
- Benh se nang hn neu trong thc an cung thieu Selen, d tha - Gan sng to va b thoai hoa.
cac san pham do oxy hoa chat beo va dau thc vat. ieu nay de 6. Chan oan
dang xay ra khi trong thc an ngi ta dung nhieu dau thc vat - Co the chan oan benh thong qua cac trieu chng va benh
e tang ham lng am cho thc an hon hp, hoac qua trnh x ly tch mo kham ac trng.
nhiet cho bot ca, bot xng khong ung ky thuat lam pha huy chat
- Tuy nhien cung can phai tien hanh cac xet nghiem mau va
dinh dng cua bot ca, bot xng... Viec bao quan khong tot thc
phan tch thc an.
an cung la nguyen nhan thuc ay qua trnh oxy hoa cac chat beo
7. ieu tr
lam triet tieu vitamin E.
a. Thay thc an co chat lng tot: u chat dinh dng nhat la
3. Loai gia cam mac benh u vitamin E va Selen, thc an khong moc, khong am.
- Tat ca cac loai gia cam eu co the mac benh.
b. Khan trng bo sung Vitamin E bang 2 cach:
- Man cam nhat la, ac biet la ga trong. - Mot la dung 20g Embrio Stimulan pha nc uong hoac tron
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh thc an cho 100kg ga an hoac uong trong ngay, dung lien tuc 10-
Benh xay ra chu yeu gia cam t 2-8 tuan tuoi. 15 ngay, neu benh nang co the dung gap oi lieu va keo dai them
46 47
thi gian s dung. CHNG II
- Hai la dung AD3E. Thai tiem bap cho moi ga 0,3ml/con/lan/
ngay, tiem 2-3 ngay la khoi.
BENH DO VIRUT
Benh se nhanh chong giam va khoi neu ta dung ket hp gia
Embrion Stimulan va bo gan-lach-than.TA hoac TA.Sorbitol+B12 I. BENH GA RU, NIU-CAT- XN (NEWCASTLE DISEASE -
theo toa thuoc sau: ND, PESTIS AVIUM)

+ Embrio Stimulan: 20g 1. Gii thieu


+ Bo gan-lach-than.TA hoac TA.Sorbitol: 40g - Benh ga ru la mot benh truyen nhiem nguy hiem nhat ga
2 loai thuoc nay pha nc hoac tron thc an cho 100kg ga an/ vi cac bieu hien ac trng cua nhiem trung huyet, roi loan tieu
uong/ngay, dung lien tuc 10-15 ngay la khoi. hoa va he than kinh. Trc ay ngi ta goi benh nay la dch ta ga
(Pestis Avium), ngay nay ngi ta goi la Niu-cat-xn (Newcastle
8. Phong benh
disease).
- Can phai can oi lai thanh phan chat, khau phan thc an sao
cho u Vitamin E va Selen. Han che dung kho dau, dau thc vat 2. Nguyen nhan
e che bien thc an. Benh do Myxo virut gay ra.
- Phai lam ung cac yeu cau trong viec bao quan va lu thong 3. Loai gia cam mac benh
thc an.
- Ga va cac loai cung noi ga.
- Nen bo sung 6-8g Embrion Stimulan/1kg thc an vao cac t
- Thuy cam khong mac benh nay, nhng chung mang trung Niu-
7-9, 16-20, 26-30, 36-40 ngay tuoi se phong tranh c benh.
cat-xn.
4. Tuoi ga mac benh
Tat ca cac la tuoi.
5. Mua phat benh
Quanh nam, nhng ve mua ong benh de bung phat hn so vi
cac mua khac.
6. Phng thc truyen lay
Qua ng ho hap, ng mieng va giao phoi.
48 49
7. Trieu chng chng benh, nhng moi ngay so ga om c tang dan.
- Benh ga ru co 5 the bieu hien: qua cap tnh, cap, di cap, man - Cac bieu hien chu yeu la ho hen sac khoet, loac xoac giong
tnh va the khong ien hnh. Trong thc te chung toi tam chia ra 3 nh CRD.
the: the phat nhanh (the qua cap va cap tnh), the trung bnh (di - Sau o, nhieu ga om bat au tieu chay loang, phan xanh trang,
cap) va the phat cham (the man tnh va the khong ien hnh). xung quanh lo huyet ban, chan mo kho quat, long x, chung ng
7.1. The phat nhanh le loi, mat nham nghien rut co hoac nam tum ong vao mot goc
- Ga bo an, u ru, buon ngu, mao tham, ru, tieu chay phan xanh chuong, mao tham hoac tham xam.
hoac xanh trang, th kho, th kho khe oi khi sac khoet kem theo - Trong an phan ln ga van an uong bnh thng th em nao
tieng tooc, nc mui chay dan dua, nc mat, nc dai chay dai cung co ga chet, chung chet lac ac, rai rac luc au vao ban em,
keo thanh si, dieu cha thc an khong tieu va nhieu hi kh. sau tang dan va chet ca vao ban ngay, xac chet gay, t, tht tham,
- ga e thay giam e, co nhieu trng non, vo mem, kch thc mao tham tm.
nho, ga gay sut nhanh va chet rat nhanh, chet moi ngay mot tang, - oi vi ga e, ty le e giam nhe dan theo thi gian va co
ty le chet len en 100%. nhieu trng non, kch thc nho, oi khi ga e ra khong co vo
7.2. The phat trung bnh cng, de rach v.
- Cac bieu hien chu yeu la ho hen sac khoet, ga rat kho th, 8. Mo kham
phai rn dai, rn cao co e ht kh, tieng tooc tha tht. - Bop mo thay dch nhay mui chay ra.
- Ga i tieu chay phan xanh, phan xanh trang, an uong kem, - Mao tham, xac ga gay, t, ban, co nhieu phan xanh, xanh
dieu cha ay hi hoac chat long, gay roc, mao tham, xung quanh trang bam ay xung quanh long lo huyet.
lo huyet ban do phan xanh trang bam dnh. - Viem kh quan, kh quan cha nhieu nhay.
- Ga benh b liet chan, liet canh, ngoeo au, ngoeo co khien - Dieu cha nhieu hi, thc an khong tieu.
ga khong an uong c, gay sut nhanh va chet. Ga chet moi ngay
- Viem xuat huyet da day tuyen, ruot non, van hoi manh trang,
mot tang, ty le chet len en 60-70%.
niem mac hau mon.
7.3. The phat cham
- Viem tui kh. Tui kh uc hoac co nhieu Fibrin bam dnh.
- ay la the benh thng xay ra nhng an ga a c dung
- Viem xuat huyet thoai hoa buong trng, ong dan trng.
vacxin Lasota hoac ND-IB tham ch a tiem H1 hoac Clone 45 e
phong benh, nhng ap ng mien dch cha u. - Trng non dap v gay viem dnh phuc mac.
- Luc au, ga benh xuat hien lac ac trong an vi bieu hien 9. ieu tr
giam hoac bo an, trong khi nhn tong the ca an khong thay trieu - Thc hien ong thi 2 bc sau:
50 51
Bc 1: Can thiep ngay vacxin vao an ga benh uong trong ca 1 ngay, dung 4 ngay lien tuc.
- oi vi ga di 20 ngay tuoi a co tiep xuc vi nguon benh, * Phac o 3
cha c phong vacxin th tot nhat nen tieu huy. Ta thay T. Colivit bang mot trong cac loai thuoc sau: T. Flox.
- oi vi ga di 20 ngay tuoi cha tiep xuc vi nguon benh: Nho C, T. Umgiaca, T.I.C; Tydox. TA; Anti-CRD.LA; Flumex.30...
mat, mui, mom vacxin Lasota hoac ND-IB (sau o cho uong thuoc 10. Phong benh
bc 2) roi chuyen en ni an toan nuoi tiep. Sau 10 ngay cho uong - Phai nghiem tuc gi gn ve sinh chan nuoi thu y trong khu
lai Lasota hoac ND-IB lan 2, sau 15 ngay na th tiem H1. chan nuoi theo quy nh chan nuoi an toan sinh hoc.
- oi vi ga t 20-30 ngay tuoi a c dung 1 lan lasota: cho - Phai nghiem cam viec tiep xuc, tham nom cac c s chan
uong lai Lasota hoac ND-IB. Sau 10 ngay tiem Newcastle H1 nuoi khac va ngc lai.
hoac Clone 45. - Phai ap dung s o, lch dung vacxin hien ai nhat nh sau:
- oi vi ga t 30 ngay tuoi tr len mi dung 1-2 lan Lasota + Nho mat, mui, mom Lasota hoac ND-IB lan 1 luc ga 3-4
hoac ND-IB, cha tiem H1 hoac a tiem H1 th phai tiem ngay ngay tuoi.
vacxin Newcastle H1.
+ Cho uong Lasota hoac ND-IB lan 2 luc ga at 18-24 ngay tuoi.
Bc 2: Sau khi c dung vacxin, an ga benh phai c
+ Tiem di da Newcastle H1 hoac Clone 45 luc ga at 35-38
dung toa thuoc theo 1 trong cac phac o sau:
ngay tuoi.
* Phac o 1
+ Rieng oi vi ga nuoi tren 2 thang phai tiem lai H1 hoac
- T.Cum gia suc: 20g Clone 45 luc 90 ngay tuoi va 15 ngay trc khi ga vao e.
- T.Colivit: 20g
II. VIEM PHE QUAN TRUYEN NHIEM (BRONCHITIS
- Super-Vitamin: 20g
INFECTIOSA AVIUM; INFECTIOUS BRONCHITIS - IB)
Ca 3 loai thuoc tren pha chung vao 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg ga
1. Gii thieu
uong trong ca 1 ngay, dung 4 ngay lien tuc.
Viem phe quan la benh truyen nhiem lay lan rat nhanh vi cac
* Phac o 2 bieu hien phong phu he ho hap, he bai tiet va he sinh san phu
- Anti - Gum: 20g thuoc vao tuoi ga mac benh.
- T. Avimycin: 20g 2. Nguyen nhan
- Doxyvit. Thai: 20g Benh viem phe quan truyen nhiem do virut thuoc nhom
Ca 3 loai thuoc tren pha chung vao 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg ga Coronaviridae gay ra.
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3. Loai gia cam mac benh 7.3 Viem phe quan ga e
Ga, ga Tay, cut, chim. - an ga e hoan toan khoe manh, khong co bieu hien benh ly,
4. Tuoi ga mac benh chung an uong bnh thng.
- Tat ca cac la tuoi ga eu co the mac benh. - Bong nhien thay mao ga o ti hn bnh thng, tc la luc
- Nhng benh thng bung phat vao 2 giai oan: benh IB bat au bung phat.
+ Luc 1-50 ngay tuoi. - Ty le e sut giam manh t 85-98% xuong 30-40%, tham ch co
+ Luc ga e cao nhat (e 85-98%). an xuong 25% trong khi an ga khong co bieu hien om.
5. Mua phat benh - Vo trng xu x, bien dang va day hn bnh thng.
Khong phu thuoc mua kh hau. 8. Mo kham
6. Phng thc truyen lay 8.1. the IB bnh thng
Benh truyen doc t me sang con qua phoi va truyen ngang qua - Kh quan cha nhieu tiet dch.
ng ho hap va an uong. - Phe quan, phe nang cung co nhieu dch nhay.
7. Trieu chng - Tui kh, phoi b viem phu ne.
7.1. The bnh thng ga con 1-50 ngay tuoi
8.2. IB the than
- Benh bung phat bat ng, lay lan rat nhanh ra ca an.
- Than sng to, loi len, mau nht nhat, noi ro cac mao quan.
- Giam va chan an, long xu.
- 2 ong dan nc tieu 2 ben than cha ay urat trang.
- Th kho, ha mom rt kh, tieng rt sau giong tieng sao dieu,
trung lap vi nhp th. - C the ga kho, xac kho do mat nc.
- Chay nhieu nc mui do viem kh quan, phoi. 8.3. IB ga e
7.2 The than ga con 1-50 ngay tuoi - Mao tch o ti hn luc bnh thng.
- Ga sot cao, uong nhieu nc, tieu chay manh, phan loang - Ong dan trng ngan va be lai rat nhieu, trong o co nhieu chat
trang, cho ga uong khang sinh ch giam hoac ngng tieu chay 1-2 long nhay.
ngay, sau o khang sinh khong co tac dung, ga tiep tuc a chay. - Buong trng b viem thoai hoa, co mau vang o ti, ac biet
- Cac bieu hien khac nh the bnh thng. Ty le chet t rat t, cac mach mau tren cac phoi trng o ti noi to, nhn rat ro, nhieu
khong ang ke en rat nhieu, tuy vao the benh va tuoi ga. Rieng trng hp ga b chet ot t do v dap trng non va gay viem dnh
the than luon co ty le chet rat cao. phuc mac vi cac c quan noi tang.
54 55
9. ieu tr III. BENH VIEM THANH KH QUAN TRUYEN NHIEM
- Phai tien hanh song song 2 bc: (LARINGOTRACHEITIS INFECTIOSA AVIUM, INFECTIOUS
Bc 1: Can thiep ngay vacxin vao an ga benh. LARINGOTRACHEITIS - ILT)
- Neu an ga cha c dung vacxin ND-IB hoac IB chung 1. Gii thieu
H120 th cho uong IB chung H120, sau 7 ngay cho uong vacxin IB Viem thanh kh quan la benh truyen nhiem cua ng ho hap
chung H52 hoac 4/91 hoac IB88 hoac 793.B. tren vi cac bieu hien ac trng: ngat tng cn, khac m lan mau,
- Neu an ga a c dung vacxin ND-IB hoac IB chung H120 phu ne au va co the kem theo viem m mat.
th cho uong ngay vacxin IB chung H52 hoac 4/91 hoac IB.88 2. Nguyen nhan
chung 793.B - Do virut thuoc nhom Herpes.
Bc 2: Cho uong: CCRD. Nam Thai 1g, ket hp vi Gentafam
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
1g, cung pha vao 1 lt nc cho ga uong 4 ngay em.
- Ga, ga loi, ga Tay, chim.
Lam u 2 bc benh se khoi sau 5 ngay.
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
10. Phong benh
- T sau 20 ngay en di 1 nam tuoi, benh nang nhat vao giai
- Chu ong dung vacxin IB chung H120 nho mui, mom cho ga oan ga c 3-5 thang tuoi.
con luc 3-4 ngay tuoi lan 1, cho uong nhac lai lan 2 luc 18-21 ngay
tuoi va cho uong IB chung H52 hoac 4/91 hoac IB.88 chung 793.B 5. Mua phat benh
luc 30-35 ngay tuoi. Neu nuoi ga e th cho uong nhac lai 15 ngay Benh xay ra quanh nam, nang nhat la vao mua nong am, ieu
trc khi ga e. kien ve sinh chan nuoi kem.
- e tranh lap i lap lai ngay s dung vacxin chong 2 benh 6. Phng thc truyen lay
Newcastle va viem phe quan truyen nhiem ngi ta s dung vacxin Truyen doc t me sang con, truyen ngang qua ng ho hap va
nh gia ND-IB vao cac t: ng mieng.
+ t 1: Luc 3-4 ngay tuoi: nho mat, mui, mom. 7. Trieu chng
+ t 2: Cho uong luc 18-21 ngay tuoi e phong 2 benh cung - Benh viem thanh kh qua truyen nhiem co 5 the bieu hien:
mot luc. cap tnh, di cap, man tnh, the mat, the an benh.
Neu co nguy c mac benh IB the than th lan 2 nen s dung vacxin 7.1. The cap tnh
IB chung H52 o la 4/91 hoac IB.88. Neu nuoi ga e th trc khi len - Co mot so ga b chet ot t.
e 15 ngay cho ga uong lai IB chung H52 tc 4/91 hoac IB.88. - Mot so khac buon ngu, u ru, xu long, th kho, ngat tng cn,
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rn dai co ht kh va ngap hoac hat hi. 8. Mo kham
- Cuoi cn ngat ga lac au khac m oi khi co lan mau. 8.1. The cap va di cap tnh
- Da, mao tch co mau xanh tm. - Niem mac va thanh mac cua kh quan phu ne, don mau o
- Cac bieu hien viem mui, viem m mat, chay nc mat, nc hoac xuat huyet iem, cha nhieu dch nhay lan mau, oi khi ca
mui luon luon hien hu. cuc mau.
- Ty le om cao, ty le chet cung rat cao 50-70%. - Niem mac thanh quan cung phu ne o hoac c phu mot lp
7.2. The di cap mang nhay trang.
- Viem mui, viem mat, viem xoang ma lam cho ga b phu au - Viem ng ho hap tren (viem mui, viem xoang).
giong nh so mui truyen nhiem hoac benh cum ga, chay nhieu - Viem m mat, phu ne au.
nc mui, nc mat. - Tui Fabricius sng to, bo oi thay don mau o hong.
- Ho ngat tng cn tha tht.
- Niem mac hau mon phu ne o hong de nham vi Newcastle,
- Ga an kem, giam e, ty le om khoang 50%, ty le chet khong nhng khong co viem xuat huyet van hoi manh trang, ruot non
qua 20%, benh keo dai 2-3 tuan th chuyen sang the man tnh. va da day tuyen.
7.3. The mat 8.2. The man va an benh
- The nay thng xay ra ga t 20-40 ngay tuoi.
- Niem mac vung hong, thanh quan, kh quan c phu 1 lp
- 1 trong 2 mat b viem, s anh sang nen ga benh thng tm mang gia Fibrin mong kho boc mau trang nga giong nh benh
cho t anh sang e ng hoac nam, chay nc mat, 2 m mat b nam ng tieu hoa hoac benh thieu vitamin A.
viem dnh lai vi nhau dan en viem toan mat, mu mat.
- Cac benh tch khac khong ro.
- Mot trong 2 ben au hoac ca 2 ben eu phu sng to.
9. ieu tr
7.4. The man tnh
- Phai thc hien 2 viec cung 1 luc:
- Cac trieu chng ho th ngat xay ra vi tan so thap.
+ Uong hoac nho trc tiep ngay lap tc vacxin ILT-Laringo
- Ty le e giam nhe nhng keo dai. vao an ga benh. Sau o 10 ngay cho uong nhac lai lan 2.
- Ty le chet khoang 5%. + Cho uong thuoc theo 1 trong 2 phac o sau:
- Benh keo dai hang thang, tham ch en 2 thang. * Phac o 1: 1g CCRD. Nam Thai ket hp vi 1g Gentafam-1
7.5. The an benh hoac 1g Hepaton va 1g Super-Vitamin pha chung vao 1 lt nc
- ay la the mang trung, khong co dau hieu benh ro ret. cho ga uong ca ngay, uong lien tuc u 4-5 ngay la khoi.
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* Phac o 2: Lay 1g CCRD. Nam Thai ket hp vi 1g Anti- Virut cha H5, H7, H9 thuoc nhom virut co ong lc cao va virut
CRD.LA hoac Tydox TA va 1g Doxyvit pha chung vao 1 lt nc H5N1 cung thuoc nhom nay.
cho ga uong ca ngay, uong u 4-5 ngay la khoi. 3. Loai vat mac benh
10. Phong benh - Tat ca cac loai gia suc, gia cam eu co the mac cum.
- Gi gn ve sinh chan nuoi thu y that tot. - Ga, ga Tay, vt, ngan, ngong, cut, chim hoang, ln, ngi... de
- Chu ong dung vacxin b cum va b nang nhat ac biet la cum do virut H5N1 gay ra.
+ Lan 1: nho mui, mat, mom vacxin ILT-Laringo luc ga at 4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
15-25 ngay tuoi.
Tat ca cac la tuoi, nhng benh thng xay ra va nang nhat
+ Lan 2: uong vacxin ILT-Laringo luc 45-50 ngay tuoi. ga t 4-64 tuan tuoi (tc la ke t ngay th 22 en 64 tuan tuoi).
+ Lan 3: cho uong lai ILT-Laringo trc khi ga e 15-30 ngay.
5. Phng thc truyen lay
IV. BENH CUM GA HAY CUM GIA CAM (INFLUENZA Chu yeu qua ng mieng va ng ho hap.
AVIUM - IA, INFECTIOUS INFLUENZA AVIUM, BIRD FLU, 6. Mua phat benh
AVIAN FLU)
Benh xay ra quanh nam nhng Viet Nam benh de dang bung
1. Gii thieu phat vao mua ong Xuan hn so vi cac mua khac.
Benh cum ga la mot benh truyen nhiem toi nguy hiem ga do
7. Trieu chng benh
virut typ A gay ra vi cac bieu hien ac trng toan than bi nhiem
7.1. The oc lc cao
trung huyet, benh chng ng ho hap, roi loan tieu hoa, roi loan
van ong (than kinh) va roi loan sinh san gia cam va thuy cam. - Benh bung phat bat ng, d doi, ga sot rat cao tren 440C.
- Chay nc mat, nc mui, u ru, xu long.
2. Nguyen nhan
- Do Orthomyxovirut typ A, cha ARN gay ra. Virut cum co 2 - Ho hen loac xoac, hay hat hi, vay mo giong benh CRD, oi
khi rn dai co ngap hoac rt kh sau o khac ra m co lan mau
khang nguyen be mat quyet nh ac tnh va ong lc cua virut
rat giong viem thanh kh quan.
cum la H va N, khang nguyen H co 16 H va khang nguyen N co
9 N, nen chung co the tao ra 144 chung virut cum va co the gay ra - Tieu chay phan xanh, xanh trang, xanh vang.
256 dang cum, trong o H1, H5, H7, H9 co ong lc manh nhat oi - Viem mui, viem xoang nen phu au, phu mat giong benh so
vi gia cam va ln. Chung c phan lam 2 nhom, nhom co ong mui truyen nhiem.
lc cao (goi la HPAI) va nhom co ong lc thap (goi la LPAI). - Mao tch sng phu to, sau vai ngay thay co lo do va t o chay
60 61
dch vang ac rat giong tu huyet trung. - Tui kh b viem tao mang gia Fibrin nh ba au hay nh trng
- Cac bieu hien than kinh the hien kha ro: i khong vng, run ray. kho (sau khi anh tan long o roi kho).
- vt ngan con thay au lac l, chan b bai liet, xuat huyet 9. ieu tr
di da chan, phan loang trang nh phan co. - Neu an gia cam cha c tiem phong lan nao th phai tieu
- Bo an, tat e, chet o at, ty le chet len en 100%. huy triet e theo Phap lenh Thu y.
7.2. the cum co oc lc thap - Neu a c tiem phong 1-2 lan vacxin H5N1 th co the ieu
tr theo cach sau e chan tr lai benh va cu an gia cam benh.
+ Cac bieu hien tren eu co nhng vi mc o nhe hn nhieu,
benh tien trien khong d doi, gia cam khong chet o at. + Bc 1: Tiem lai ngay vacxin cum H5N1 vao di da gay co
va vacxin Niu-cat-xn vao di da nach canh cung mot luc.
+ Ngoai ra chung ta con thay phan ong ga benh co mao tham
+ Bc 2: Cho uong toa thuoc theo mot trong cac phac o sau:
tm va quan lai, tieu chay manh, phan u mau, gan chet phan loang
* Phac o 1:
nh phan vt, tham ch co mau sac nh nc gao trang loang.
- T. Cum gia suc: 20g
+ Ga chet rai rac, xac gay, t, xung quanh lo huyet ban co
nhieu phan xanh vang hoac trang vang bam. - T. Colivit: 20g
- Super-Vitamin: 25-20g
8. Mo kham
- Gluco.K.C.B2 200g (hoac bo gan-lach-than.TA: 40g).
- Viem ng ho hap tren: mui, xoang, kh quan, thanh quan.
4 loai thuoc nay pha vao 20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong t do 4
- Mao tch phu ne, sng to hoac tham tm va quan lai. Neu sng
ngay em lien tuc.
phu to ta co the thay co lo do t tch hoac mao va nc r ac mau
* Phac o 2: Ta thay T. Colivit bang mot trong cac loai thuoc
vang t o chay ra, hoac mao tham va tut.
nh: T. Avimycin, T. Flox.C, T. Umgiaca... 3 loai thuoc con lai cua
- Xuat huyet di da chan, ac biet la da ong chan. phac o 1 ta gi nguyen, cach dung nh phac o 1.
- Bop mo co nhieu nhay mui chay ra, ac biet la da ong chan. 10. Phong benh
- Xuat huyet c ui, c ngc, c tim, vanh tim va m bung. - Chap hanh nghiem tuc cac quy nh ve chan nuoi an toan sinh
- Viem xuat huyet da day tuyen, ruot non, van hoi manh trang, hoc va phap lenh thu y.
niem mac hau mon, mang xng long ngc va mang treo ruot. - Chu ong tiem vacxin cum H5N1 theo s o sau:
- Tim bi trong bao dch tham xuat mau vang. + Lan 1: Tiem 0,3ml vao di da gay co luc ga at 15-20 ngay tuoi.
- Viem thoai hoa buong trng, ong dan trng, trng non dap v + Lan 2: Tiem nhac lai luc ga at 45-50 ngay tuoi, moi ga 0,5ml
gay viem dnh phuc mac. vao di da gay co.
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+ Lan 3: Tiem nhac lai 15-20 ngay trc khi ga len e. ngang), benh khong truyen doc t me sang con qua phoi trng.
Sau o tiem nh ky moi nam 2 lan vao thang 4 va thang 10. 6. Trieu chng
Rieng ga vt sieu tht nuoi en 50 ngay xuat ban cung phai tiem Benh co 3 the bieu hien:
vacxin cum nhng lan 1 nen tiem luc 15 ngay tuoi va lan 2 tiem 6.1. The qua cap
luc 35 ngay tuoi. - Benh xay ra het sc ot ngot, chet nhanh nh cum gia cam ma
V. BENH DCH TA VT, NGAN (DUCK PLAGUE, DUCK khong quan sat thay cac dau hieu lam sang bi do chung virut dch
VIRUS ENTERITIS, ENTERITIS VIRALIS ANATUM) ta co oc lc qua cao.
1. Gii thieu 6.2. The cap tnh
Benh dch ta vt, ngan la mot benh nhiem trung huyet cap tnh - ay la the benh pho bien thng gap trong thc te chan nuoi
nguy hiem, thng gap vt, ngan, ngong, thien nga va hoang cam hien nay Viet Nam.
cung loai vi cac bieu hien viem ket mac mat, phu ne au, tieu - Vt, ngan sot cao tren 440C, l , an kem, ngai bi loi, hay
chay manh va cac trieu chng than kinh, ban liet, bai liet chan nam, khi quan sat ky thay chay nc mat, nc mui, khi xua uoi
canh, lac mat giong, gay chet vi ty le en 100%. chung hay nga ben nay hoac ben kia.
2. Nguyen nhan - Vt ngan benh tieu chay phan xanh, xanh trang co mui tanh,
- Do mot loai virut cha ADN thuoc Herpesvirut. oi khi co lan mau, xung quanh lo huyet ban. Luc nay chung bo
an va b viem ket mac mat, hai m mat dnh lien vi nhau. au b
- Virut ch co mot chung huyet thanh duy nhat nhng do oc lc
phu, nen mot trong hai ben hoac ca hai ben sng to. Khi xua uoi,
khac nhau nen ngi ta chia lam 3 nhom: co oc rat cao, oc lc
chung chay bang ca khuyu chan, mat tieng keu t nhien, au cui
trung bnh va t oc.
chui xuong at.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
- vt c thay dng vat tho loi ra ngoai, sng to va c phu mot
- Vt ngan, ngong, thien nga va mot so hoang cam cung noi khac. lp mang mong trang uc, vt cai thay giam e, tham ch tat e.
- Tuy nhien cac loai thuy cam hoang co sc e khang tot nen chung
- Sau 5-7 ngay b benh ta thay tieu chay ngay cang manh, vt
thng mang mam benh en gay benh cho vt, ngan, ngong nha.
ngan bo an hoan toan, tieng keu lac han, tham ch mat ca tieng,
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh bai chan, liet canh, gay roc roi bat au chet va chet o at, ty le chet
- Vt, ngan, ngong co the b benh dch ta vt bat c luc nao trong len en 100%.
i va co the tai nhiem. 6.3. The an benh hay con goi la the mang trung
5. Phng thc truyen benh ay la the benh thng thay vt ngan gia ln tuoi hoac nhng
- Benh lay lan chu yeu qua ng an uong, ho hap (tc la truyen an thuy cam a c tiem phong.
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The benh nay co cac bieu hien nh the cap tnh, nhng mc + T. Cum gia suc: 20g
o nhe hn gom cac trieu chng: roi loan tieu hoa, roi loan ho + Super-Vitamin: 20g
hap, viem m mat, ket mac mat, giam tang trong (cham ln), giam + Bo gan, TA. Sorbitol + B12: 40g
san lng trng...
4 loai thuoc tren tron eu vi cam co rau xanh ti thai nho
Thong thng, the an benh la nen tang cho cac benh th phat khac. chia lam 5 lan cho an trong 1 ngay, dung lien tuc 4 ngay.
7. Mo kham * Phac o 2:
- Xac vt, ngan chet the qua cap con beo tot, thnh thoang thay + T. Colivit: 20g
mau dnh hau mon, cac benh tch khac tap trung ng tieu hoa + Anti-Gum: 20g
vi viem xuat huyet la chu yeu. + Bo gan-lach-than. TA: 40g
- Xac vt chet the di cap thng gay roc, kho, bop mo co nhieu Tron eu vi thc an co them rau xanh thai nho chia lam 4-5
nc mui chay ra, viem xuat huyet va hoai t niem mac ng tieu lan cho 100kg vt ngan an/ngay, dung lien tuc 4 ngay.
hoa, xuat huyet mang bao tim, gan, lach, tuyen c, tui Fabricius.
* Phac o 3
- Xuat huyet vanh tim, hoai t gan, lach, than... + T. Avimycin: 20g
- Trong xoang bung cha nhieu dch tham xuat mau hong hoac + T. Cum gia suc: 20g
cac mang Fibrin nh trng rang kho (ba au).
+ Gluco.K.C.B2: 100g
8. ieu tr Tron eu vi thc an, chia lam 5 lan an 1 ngay, dung cho 100kg
- Viec ieu tr dch ta vt, ngan phai tien hanh 2 bc cung mot ngan, vt/ngay, dung lien tuc 4 ngay.
luc se cho ket qua rat tot. 9. Phong benh
Bc 1: Can thiep ngay bang vacxin dch ta vt vao o dch, tiem - Chu ong tiem phong vacxin dch ta vt cho vt va ngan lan
di da gay co hoac nach canh 3 lieu vacxin cho 1 con vt hoac 1 luc vt, ngan at 12-15 ngay tuoi, lan hai sau lan mot 30 ngay.
ngan (3 lieu vacxin pha vao 0,3ml nc cat). Neu vt, ngan c nuoi lam giong th phai tiem lan 3 luc trc
Bc 2: Cho an vt, ngan uong ngay mot trong cac toa thuoc khi e 15-20 ngay. Sau o moi nam tiem nh ky 2 lan vao thang
theo cac phac o sau: 4 va thang 10.
* Phac o 1: cho 100kg vt ngan an - Han che chan nuoi vt chay ong va ngan tha rong.
+ T. Flox. C: 20g - Chu ong cong tac ve sinh chan nuoi that tot.
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VI. BENH DCH TA NGONG, BENH DERZY (DERZYS 6.1. The cap tnh
DISEASE) - Ngong sot cao, chan an, cham chap, met la roi chet trong thi
1. Gii thieu gian t 1-5 ngay, ty le chet cao en 100% ngong s sinh en
- Dch ta ngong la mot benh truyen nhiem nguy hiem vi ty le 7-10 ngay tuoi.
chet rat cao ngong, ngan va thien nga t 1-4 tuan tuoi, t khi en 6.2. The di cap
3 thang tuoi do mot loai Parvovirut gay ra. - Sot cao, khat nc, chan an, met, u ru, ngai van ong.
- Benh c mang cac ten khac nhau: cum ngong, dch ta - Chay nc mui, hay lac au vay mo, m mat o va phu ne,
ngong, viem gan virut ngong, viem ruot virut ngong, viem thoai ay la iem khac biet vi benh thieu vitamin A.
hoa c tim truyen nhiem, viem gan, than tch nc ngong, benh - Niem mac vung hau hong c phu mot lp mang gia de boc,
Derzy (Derzys Disease). khi lot bo lp mang gia nay thay ro cac iem hoai t sau, au.
2. Nguyen nhan - Ngong giam hoac bo an, nhng tieu chay manh, phan co mau
- Benh dch ta ngong do mot loai Parvovirut thuoc nhom xanh vang hoac xanh trang vang.
Parvoviridae. - Chung gay roc va chet, ty le chet phu thuoc vao tuoi ngong
3. Loai gia cam mac benh va benh th phat.
- Ngong, ngan, thien nga va hoang cam. - Neu ngong va mi n chung se chet 100% trong mot tuan au.
- Benh khong co ga. - Neu ngong 2-3 tuan tuoi th ty le chet khoang 10%.
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh - Neu tren 3-4 tuan tuoi chung b benh nhng ty le chet khong
ang ke.
- Benh thng xay ra ngong t 1-3 thang tuoi.
Neu b benh th phat th ty le chet se phu thuoc vao ban chat
- Nang nhat ngong t 1-4 tuan tuoi.
benh boi nhiem.
5. Phng thc truyen lay
6.3. The man tnh
- Benh c lay lan qua tiep xuc trc tiep: qua ng mieng va - ay la benh cua nhng ngong co sc e khang tot hoac con
ho hap (truyen ngang). song sot t 2 the benh neu tren vi cac trieu chng tiep theo:
- Benh cung truyen lay t me sang con qua phoi trng (truyen doc). + Benh keo dai hang thang.
6. Trieu chng + Long lng va co b rung nhieu, rung het, e lai phan da o
- Benh co 4 the bieu hien. de quan sat thay.
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+ The ng cua ngong that ac biet (Pinguaving). 8. ieu tr
+ Ngong benh chet rai rac, ty le chet khong ang ke. - Phai ong thi tien hanh hai bc nh benh dch ta vt: can
6.4. The mang trung thiep bang vacxin, chong benh th phat va tang cng sc lc cho
- Benh khong co cac dau hieu ro rang, ch mang trung va tr ngong (xem va lam theo benh dch ta vt)
thanh nguon benh nguy hiem. 9. Phong benh
7. Benh tch - Giong nh benh dch ta vt.
7.1. The cap VII. BENH VIEM GAN VT, NGAN DO VIRUT (HEPATITIS
- C tim nht nhat nh tht luoc. VIROSA ANATICULORUM, HEPATITIS ANATUM, DUCK
- Tim to, au tu. VIRUS HEPATITIS)
7.2. The di cap 1. Gii thieu
- Viem mang tim (Pericarditis) t viem tiet dch cata en viem Viem gan vt, ngan la mot benh truyen nhiem cap tnh xay ra
tiet x (Fibrin). bat ng, lay lan nhanh vi cac trieu chng bon chon, bong dng
nga nam nga hoac nghieng, chan ap lien hoi trong khong kh,
- Viem mang gan, gan sng to va ran chac hn bnh thng va
au ngoat ngc ra sau lng roi chet, ty le chet len en 100%.
b thoai hoa.
2. Nguyen nhan
- Lach va tuy cung sng to.
Do 1 loai RNA Picornavirut typ 1,2,3 gay ra.
- Phoi b phu ne.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
- Ruot b viem tiet dch (cata).
- Chu yeu vt cac loai, ngong, ngan cung b viem gan nhng
- Da day b viem loet co mang gia. mc o nhe hn.
- Vung hau, hong (thanh quan, kh quan, thc quan) eu b - Thuy cam hoang va chim hoang la vat mang trung.
viem loet tao mang gia.
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
- ang chu y nhat la co xuat huyet iem hoac thanh vet c
- Benh thng xay ra vt, ngan, ngong t 1-7 tuan tuoi.
ui, c ngc.
- c s chan nuoi lien tuc th cang ve sau tuoi b benh cang
7.3. The man xuong thap (la au benh xay ra vt 45-50 ngay tuoi, la 2
- Vung co va lng b trui long, e lo ra cac am da o tay. benh phat ra luc 30-35 ngay tuoi, la 3 benh xay ra luc 14-20
- Gan va lach sng to. ngay tuoi, en la 4 tr i th benh xay ra ngay luc mi n en
- Xoang bung cha nhieu dch tham xuat. 10 ngay tuoi).
70 71
5. Mua phat benh - Lach oi khi sng to.
Benh co the xay ra quanh nam. - C tim nhao va nht nhat.
6. ng truyen lay - The xac beo tot.
- Benh ch truyen ngang qua ng mieng va ho hap, benh - Viem cata tiet dch en Fibrin ng tieu hoa.
khong truyen doc t me sang con (khong truyen qua phoi trng). 9. ieu tr
7. Trieu chng a. Neu an ngan, vt cha c dung vacxin viem gan th co
- Thi ky u benh rat ngan 1 gi - 3 ngay. the dung khang the chong viem gan nhng tot nhat la tiem thang
vacxin viem gan cho an vt, ngan ang b benh moi con 1 lieu
- Benh xuat hien bat ng va rat nhanh, ch 1-3 gi a co nhieu
vacxin viem gan, sau o cho chung uong toa thuoc theo 1 trong
vt, ngan mac benh. cac phac o muc (b).
- Ty le benh rat cao vt di 4 tuan tuoi: vt, ngan 1 tuan tuoi b. Cho an vt, ngan an hoac uong thuoc
co ti 95%, 2-3 tuan tuoi en 50% so vt ngan mac benh va chet.
* Phac o 1
- Vt, ngan rat muon an, nhng khong nuot ma chung lac au - T. Colivit hoac T. Flox. C: 20g
vay thc an ra ngoai, sot cao va nga lan ra at nam nga hoac
- T. Cum gia suc hoac Anti-Gum: 20g
nghieng, hai chan bi ap vao khong kh lien tuc, au ngoat nga
- Giai oc gan, than, lach TA: 40g
ra sau lng, run ray, co giat.
- Gluco.K.C.B2: 150g
- Tieu chay manh, phan xanh vang hoac vang trang.
Pha vao 20 lt nc hoac tron vao cam va rau xanh sach c
- Chet rat nhanh sau 4-12 gi mac benh. Ty le chet rat cao thai nho chia 5 lan cho 100kg vt, ngan an, uong ca ngay, dung 4-5
phu thuoc vao tuoi vt, ngan va so la c nuoi trong c s chan ngay lien tuc la khoi.
nuoi vt di 3 tuan tuoi, ty le chet luon 100%, ac biet la cac
* Phac o 2
la nuoi sau nay.
- T. Avimycin hoac T. Umgiaca: 20g
8. Benh tch
- Giai oc gan: TA. Sorbitol+B12: 20g
- vt, gan sng rat to, co mau loang lo nh at set vang, di
mang gan thay rat nhieu iem hoac mang xuat huyet, nhng benh - Super-Vitamin: 15g
tch nay khong thay co ngong va ngan. - Gluco.C: 200g
- Tui mat cang, cha ay dch mat. Pha vao 15-20 lt nc hoac tron eu vao cam co rau xanh sach
72 73
thai nho chia 5 lan cho 100kg vt, ngan an 1 ngay, dung lien tuc 4 + Chung 2: benh viem ruot chay mau ga Tay.
ngay la khoi. + Chung 3: Benh sut trng, giam e ga - EDS.
10. Phong benh Do nhieu ly do khac nhau ve cach nhn nhan benh, cac nha
- Chu ong phong viem gan bang vacxin: cho uong lan 1 luc khoa hoc the gii hien nay ang gop benh viem gan the vui va
1-3 ngay tuoi, lan 2 luc 15-18 ngay tuoi, moi con 1 lieu vacxin pha benh Angara (viem gan kem theo tch nc bao tim) thanh chung 1
vi 0,3ml nc sinh ly. benh goi la benh viem gan virut ga (Virus hepatitis gallinarum).
3. ac iem dch te
VIII. BENH VIEM GAN VIRUT THE VUI GA (HEPATITIS
Benh thng thay ga t 1-20 tuan tuoi va nang nhat la ga co
AVIUM - INCLUSION BODY HEPATITIS)
o tuoi t 2-6 tuan.
1. Gii thieu va nh ngha benh viem gan virut ga
Benh co tnh thi vu ro ret, thng xuat hien chu yeu vao mua
Ngay nay trong chan nuoi ga sieu tht, hien tng da ga nhng he, trong cac mua kh hau khac benh t hn.
cho khong co long phan bung, gan hau mon bien t mau ac trng Benh do Adenovirus gay ra, song ty le mac benh khong cao
cua giong chuyen sang mau xanh xam tm kem theo ga b bai lam, ch khoang 20-30% tren tong an, trong o ty le chet thng
chan, yeu dan roi chet rat thng gap. o la nhng bieu hien ien mc 1-10%. Neu b ghep cac benh khac ty le chet co the la 20-
hnh cua benh viem gan virut. 30% hoac cao hn.
Benh viem gan virut la mot benh truyen nhiem mi c phat Mam benh Adenovirus tham nhap vao c the chu yeu qua
hien gan ay do Adenovirus gay ra. Benh co ten khoa hoc Hepatitis ng mieng va ng ho hap.
Avium, trong tieng Anh benh mang ten Inclution body Hepatitis 4. Loai gia cam mac benh
- tc la viem gan the vui, c viet tat la IBH, ac trng vi cac
Tat ca cac giong ga eu co the mac benh.
benh chng thieu mau, xuat huyet va viem gan.
5. ng truyen lay
2. Nguyen nhan
- Truyen doc t me sang con qua phoi trng.
Adenovirus co 3 chung gay benh ga:
- Truyen ngang qua ng mieng (an uong) va ho hap.
+ Chung 1 la can nguyen gay ra cac benh:
6. Trieu chng
- Benh viem ng ho hap nhe.
Benh xay ra het sc ot ngot, dien bien nhanh, ga chet cung
- Benh viem gan the vui. rat nhanh, nhng ch sau 5-7 ngay an ga tr lai khoe manh bnh
- Benh Angara (benh gay viem gan kem theo tch nc bao tim). thng theo s o hnh chuong hoac Parapol.
74 75
Ben canh nhng ga co bieu hien lam sang va benh ly th phan Gumboro, nhng mau sac c benh viem gan b nhat nh tht
ong so ga con lai van an uong, khoe manh bnh thng. luoc, benh Gumboro khong co cac bien oi gan, than, tim.
Cac bieu hien lam sang thng khong ac trng: u ru, xu long, 9.2. Tu huyet trung
rut co ng mot cho, li i lai, chet nhanh hoac khoe nhanh, benh Tch nc bao tim benh viem gan rat giong nh benh tu
i vao the an, ga benh tr nen mang trung (mang mam benh). huyet trung. Song benh viem gan con co nhng bien oi ac
7. Benh tch trng khac vi benh tu huyet trung nh: c ui, c ngc b bien
Ngc lai vi cac bieu hien lam sang th bc tranh benh tch lai mau thanh nh tht luoc. Than b viem sng mong, tch nc va
rat ro, rat ac trng: urat. Hai ong dan nc tieu cha ay urat trang.
- Mau sac c ui, c ngc nht nhat nh tht luoc luon kem theo 10. ieu tr benh
cac vet hoac cac mang xuat huyet giong nh benh Gumboro, song - Cha co thuoc ac tr.
mau sac c trong benh Gumboro khong b nht nhat nh viem gan.
- Neu benh xay ra nc ta tai thi iem nay nam 2012 th nen
- Lach teo quat - be lai tieu huy ngay nhng an ga co ga om do viem gan nham triet tieu
- Gan sng to de v va co nhieu iem xuat huyet hoac hoai t mam benh, tranh lay lan thanh dch.
ngay di mang gan. - Trng hp do nham lan nao o ma muon cha th dung cac
- Hai ong dan nc tieu cha ay urat trang. loai vitamin, ac biet la Gluco K.C.B2, Gluco K.C, bo gan-lach-
- Tui Fabricius sng mong to hoac teo quat. than TA, giai oc gan, TA. Sorbitol-B12 e giai oc gan va tr lc
- Tim bi trong bao nc tham xuat ac, mau hi vang. cho c the nh Super-Vitamin, Doxyvit. Thai, theo cac cach cu the
nh sau:
- Tuy xng nht nhat co mau vang xam, chc nang tao mau giam.
Cach 1:
8. Chan oan benh
Bo gan-lach-than.TA: 40g
De dang chan oan bang phng phap mo kham benh tch hoac
Gluco.K.C.B2: 100g
thay virut trong nhan te bao gan khi lam tieu ban vi the, neu kho
T.Colivit: 20g
khan th tien hanh phan lap virut.
Thuoc pha vao 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong ngay em va
9. Chan oan phan biet dung lien tuc 5-7 ngay.
9.1. Gumboro Cach 2:
Viem gan ga co xuat huyet c ui, c ngc giong nh benh T. Flox. C: 20g
76 77
Ta. Sorbitol+B12: 40g 2. Nguyen nhan gay benh
Super-Vitamin: 20g Do mot loai Taxonomvirut thuoc nhom Adenovirut gia cam
Cach 3: (CAV) gay ra.
T. Avimycin: 20g 3. Loai gia cam mac benh
Giai oc gan: 40g Ch co ga va loai gia cam cung noi.
Doxyvit. Thai: 20g
4. Phng thc truyen lay benh
Thuoc cua moi cach pha vao 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong
Truyen ngang qua ng an uong va ho hap, truyen doc t ga
ngay em va dung lien tuc 5-7 ngay.
me sang con qua phoi trng.
11. Phong benh
5. Tuoi ga mac benh
Cha co vacxin phong benh. Khong c lay trng an ga a
b benh e ap n nhan giong. Benh thng xay ra ga t 2-24 tuan tuoi, nhng nang nhat la
ay manh kiem soat an toan sinh hoc (x ly chat thai, xac chet ga t 3-9 tuan tuoi, ac biet la ga sieu tht.
that chu ao). 6. Mua phat benh: Quanh nam
Chu trong tiem phong Gumboro va Marek la gop phan quan 7. Trieu chng
trong lam giam mc o phat benh viem gan. Neu benh xay ra th - Benh bung phat bat ng, ga benh hay nam tum ong, ngai
tot nhat tieu huy toan bo an ga bang cach luoc chn hoac thieu van ong, xu long, giam hoac bo an, long xu.
ot, sau o phai kh trung, tieu oc dung cu, thiet b, chuong trai
- Mao tch nht nhat, da xanh vang.
chan nuoi, ac biet x ly chat thai phai can than...
- Tu mau di da canh (ac biet khuyu canh) nen t ay benh
IX. BENH THIEU MAU TRUYEN NHIEM GA (ANAEMIA co ten la benh canh xanh hoac chay mau t lo chan long ong cua
INFECTIOSA, INFECTIOUS ANAEMIA) uoi va canh.
1. Gii thieu - Tieu chay manh, phan xanh vang hoac xanh vang trang.
Benh thieu mau truyen nhiem ga la mot benh mi ac trng - Benh keo dai 10-20 ngay va ga chet do mat mau suy kiet
vi cac bieu hien thieu mau cap, xuat huyet c va di da, thng hoac do benh ke phat. Ty le chet do thieu mau truyen nhiem
thay da canh, thoai hoa teo tuyen c, teo tui Fabricius va cac nguyen phat khoang 15% nhng trong thc te chung toi thay ty le
c quan tao mien dch khac. Benh co cac ten khac nh benh canh chet len en 40-50%, chu yeu do boi nhiem, benh ghep, hoac do
xanh, benh viem da ga. chay mau gay hap dan cho nhng ga khoe khac en mo, can.
78 79
- Long cua phan lng b rung, thay ro nhieu am da b viem tao * Phac o 2:
vay co mau nau en. + Gluco K.C.B2: 100g
8. Benh tch + Bo gan than lach TA: 40g
- Xac ga gay, tu huyet tm bam di da khuyu canh, xuat huyet + Doxyvit. Thai: 20g
chan long ong canh, uoi. + T. Flox C: 20g
- Khi lot da thay xuat huyet di da canh, xuat huyet c ui, Cach dung, thi gian dung nh phac o 1.
c ngc. - Phai ngan chan benh th phat nen cho uong them mot trong
- Xuat huyet da day tuyen, gan, than... cac c quan noi tang co cac loai khang sinh pho tac dung rong nh: T. Colivit, T. Avimycin,
T. Flox. C, Ampicoli. Thai, TIC, Flumex 30, Norflox-10... vi lieu
mau sac nht nhat.
ieu tr a ghi tren bao b, nhan thuoc.
- Tuyen c, tui Fabricius teo quat (nho lai).
10. Phong benh
- Tuy xng co mau vang nht nhat. - Khong lay trng t an ga benh e ap, nhan giong v benh lay
- Mau loang, cham ong... lan qua phoi trng.
9. ieu tr - Chu ong tiem phong vacxin chung CAV-CUX-1 hoac TAD.
- Phai tang cng sc e khang va kha nang san xuat mau cho Thymo cua c: cho uong luc ga t 1-3 ngay tuoi lan au va uong
nhac lai lan 2 luc 18-25 ngay tuoi hoac Nobilis CAV.P4 dong 26P4
ga bang cach cho uong Doxyvit hoac Super-Vitamin, ket hp vi
dung cho ga t 6 tuan tuoi tr i.
bo gan-lach-than TA hoac TA. Sorbitol+B12 va Gluco K.C.B2.
- Chap hanh ung cac yeu cau chan nuoi an toan sinh hoc.
- Cac phac o ieu tr cu the cho 100kg ga an hoac uong/1 ngay
nh sau: X. HOI CHNG GIAM E (EGG DROP SYNDROME; EDS76;
SYNDROME DEMINUTIONIS PRODUCTIONIS OVORUM)
* Phac o 1:
1. Gii thieu
+ Gluco K.C.B2: 100g
Hoi chng giam e la mot benh truyen nhiem mi do cac chung
+ TA.Sorbitol + B12: 40g Adeno virut gay ra vi cac bieu hien ac trng la sut giam nang
+ Supervitamin: 20g suat e ga. Benh a va ang tr thanh moi lo ngai cho ngi
+ T. Colivit: 20g chan nuoi nc ta hien nay.
4 loai thuoc tren pha vao 20 lt nc hoac tron thc an cho 2. Nguyen nhan
100kg ga an uong trong 1 ngay, dung lien tuc 4-5 ngay Hoi chng giam e EDS76 la 3 ch viet tat do 76 chung
80 81
Adenovirut gay ra (Egg drop Syndrome 76). S d ngi ta dung - Vo trng mong, san sui va de dap v hoac trng b bien dang,
ch Hoi chng la nham khong am ch bat c mot chung virut co mot so trng khong co vo cng, kch thc nho, rat giong bieu
rieng re nao, ma nhac nh chung ta mot trong so 76 chung virut hien nay cua benh Niu-cat-xn.
o eu co kha nang gay giam e. - Long trang trng uc, long o nhao.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh - Khi chon trng u tieu chuan ve ngoai hnh e ap th thay ty
Ga va cac loai cung noi. le phoi thap, ty le chet phoi ca hai ky 1 va 2 eu cao, ga con n ra
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh b chet yeu ti 30% sau mot tuan um.
Tat ca cac la tuoi ga eu co the nhiem mot hoac vai ba trong - Ga mai e oi khi bong nhien b tieu chay roi ot ngot tr lai
so 76 chung Adenovirut gay nen sut giam trng. Tuy nhien benh bnh thng.
ch bieu hien khi ga bat au e va trong thi gian e. 8. Benh tch
5. Phng thc truyen lay Khong tm thay cac bien oi benh ly ien hnh nao, ngoai mot vai
+ Truyen ngang do an, uong, ht phai virut gay benh. bieu hien: buong trng kem phat trien, cac nang trng b thoai hoa,
+ Truyen doc do bo me truyen cho con qua phoi trng. trong ong dan trng co nhieu dch tham xuat, t cung b phu ne nhe.

6. Mua phat benh: Quanh nam. 9. ieu tr


- Khong co thuoc ac tr, nhng chung ta phai ieu chnh ty
7. Trieu chng
le Ca/P (Canxi/photpho) trong thc an va bo sung thng xuyen
7.1. Giai oan trc khi ga e
thuoc kch thch e trng nh: Embrio Stimulan 6g/1kg thc an
Benh thng the khong ro rang vi mot vai trieu chng ga
hoac AD3E. Thai hoac Super-Vitamin hoac Doxyvit. Thai se nang
con mi n co sc song kem, chet nhieu nhng khong ro nguyen
cao kha nang sinh san, tang t le phoi va t le ap n, cung nh sc
nhan, nhng con song th cham ln, coi coc.
song cho ga con 1 ngay tuoi.
7.2. Giai oan sinh san
10. Phong benh
- Benh khong co cac bieu hien lam sang ro ret, ga van an uong
- Co rat nhieu loai vacxin ang lu thong tai nc ta nh:
bnh thng nhng ty le e khong cao, giam t 40-50% so vi
nhng an bnh thng. + Nobivac.ND+IB+IBD+EDS phong 4 benh cua Ha Lan.

- Trng cua nhng ga benh co mau sac loang lo va hoan toan + Talovac-ND-IB-EDS-IC phong 4 benh cua c.
khac so vi mau ac trng cua giong ga, v du: ga Rhode 208 e + OVO4 cua Phap.
trng co mau hong nau, nay bien thanh mau trang. + ND+IB+IBD+EDS cua Canada.
82 83
+ Cevac ND-IBD-EDS.K.blen cua Canada. - Chan an, an kem, xu long, hay nam, hay co duoi chan, gay sut
Tat ca cac loai vacxin tren eu la vacxin vo hoat nhu dau c can, th kho, i lai loang choang, mao, da, niem mac nht nhat.
tiem cho moi ga lieu 0,5ml vao di da gay co luc 16-20 tuan tuoi - Tieu chay phan mau lung tung.
va lap lai sau 1 thang khi ga bat au e. - Co the s thay khoi u da, c ngc (neu co).
XI. BENH UNG TH TRUYEN NHIEM MAREK (MAREKS - Thieu mau.
DISEASE - MD) - Bai liet chan canh t thay nhng co ty le chet rat cao en 80%.
1. Gii thieu 7.2. The man
ay la benh ung th ac tnh truyen nhiem ga do mot loai - Ga giam an, long xu, co dum cac ngon chan, khi nam au, co rut
AND Herpes virut gan chat te bao typ B gay ra. va tha long xuong at, dang i loang choang hoac b liet chan canh,
2. Nguyen nhan hoac 1 chan duoi thang pha trc, 1 chan duoi thang pha sau.
Do virut cha AND, typ B, Herpes virut. Virut ch ton tai trong - oi khi thay mat ga b bien dang hnh sao, hnh la va thay oi
te bao song. sac to mat, dan en quang ga va mu (the co ien).
3. Loai gia cam mac benh - Tren da mot so ga thay cac not tht tha to nho khac nhau
Ga, cut va cac loai cung noi. moc t lo chan long roi nho ra ngoai (the co ien).
- Ga om, th kho, coi coc, teo c, gay et (benh teo c ga).
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
- Ty le chet thng khoang 30-40%.
- Ga b nhiem virut gay benh moi la tuoi.
Ngay nay ta kho phan biet mot cach ro rang gia 2 the cap va
- Ga phat benh va chet chu yeu t 2 thang en 8 thang tuoi, ac
man tnh, bi v qua trnh dien bien benh luon co cac trieu chng
biet chet nhieu vao giai oan t 3-6 thang tuoi.
cua the cap va man tnh an xen.
5. Phng thc truyen lay
8. Benh tch
Benh ch truyen ngang qua ng an uong va ho hap, benh - The man hay goi la the co ien ngay xa va the cap tnh ngay
khong truyen doc t me sang con. nay a hau nh lan lon nen bc tranh benh tch cung rat a dang.
6. Mua phat benh: Quanh nam. - The trang t rat gay en bnh thng.
7. Trieu chng - Co the thay u da, c ngc (t co).
Benh co 2 the bieu hien - Cac khoi u noi tang ca 3 loai: u tang sinh u ket hat rieng re
7.1. The cap tnh (ngay nay) va u hon hp thay ro day than kinh ui, gan, lach, than, phoi,
84 85
tim, da day tuyen, c va buong trng nhng t khi co tui Fabricius 2. Nguyen nhan
(xem sach Benh Marek - Mot mo hnh khoi u truyen nhiem cua - Benh do mot loai Retrovirrut cha ARN gay ra.
cung tac gia). 3. Loai gia cam mac benh
9. ieu tr - Ch co ga va cung noi mac benh.
- Khong co thuoc ac tr. 4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
- Can bo sung thuoc bo thng xuyen khi ga c 2 thang en 6 - T 3-13 thang nhng benh thng xay ra va gay chet chu yeu
thang tuoi. Cac thuoc thng dung la Super-Vitamin hoac Doxyvit ga t 8-12 thang tuoi, ty le chet thap 5-10% tren tong an.
vi lieu 6g/1kg thc an ket hp vi Giai oc gan hoac Giai oc
5. Phng thc truyen lay
gan, than, lach TA.
- Benh Lco truyen ngang qua an uong, ho hap va truyen doc
- C 15-20 ngay cho uong khang sinh e loai tr benh th phat
qua phoi trng (t me sang con).
nh T. Colivit, T. Flox. C, T. Avimycin, T.I.C, T. Umgiaca vi lieu
10g/100kg ga/ngay, uong 3 ngay lien tuc/t. 6. Mua phat benh: Quanh nam
10. Phong benh 7. Trieu chng
- oi vi ga nuoi tren 3-4 thang tuoi: phai tiem vacxin Marek - Buon ngu, mat nham, hay nam.
HVT.FC.126 - Virut Marek ga Tay hoac vacxin a gia HVT.FC.126 - Tieu chay phan lung tung, th kho.
+ CVI.988 - Virut Marek nhc oc luc ga va mi n ra, tiem trc - An kem, gay dan, da chan, da mo nht nhat.
khi xuat ga ra khoi lo ap (nha may ap), neu thay cha that s yen - Mao tch nht nhat, co mau xanh xam, thieu mau va nhan nheo.
tam th phai tiem lai ngay trc khi bat ga vao quay um. - C the suy kiet roi chet, ty le chet t 5-10%, chet lac ac, chet
- Tiem nhac lai vacxin sau 1, 2, 3 tuan eu khong co gia tr, v keo dai trong 4-10 thang.
khong lam tang kha nang bao ho. 8. Benh tch
- Khong tiem cho ga (sieu tht) nuoi en 60 ngay tuoi th xuat ban. - Da nht nhat thieu mau co the thay xuat huyet di da, xac ga
XII. BENH UNG TH LCO (LEUCOSIS AVIUM) rat gay, kho.
- Tuy xng cung nht nhat.
1. Gii thieu
- Benh Lco cung la mot benh ung th ac tnh ga tren 4 thang - Gan sng to ph ai vi 3 the u tang sinh, u ket hat va u hon hp.
en 13 thang tuoi va luon the di cap hoac man tnh keo dai - Lach va than sng to vi u tang sinh la chu yeu.
am vi cac bieu hien hnh thanh cac khoi ung th ac tnh trong - Buong trng thoai hoa, phat trien khoi u nh cay xup l,co
cac c quan noi tang. mau nh tht m luoc (u tang sinh).
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- Tui Fabricius sng rat to nh cuc m (u tang sinh). XIII. BENH GUMBORO - BENH SUY GIAM MIEN DCH
9. Chan oan phan biet vi Marek (BURSITIS INFECTIOSA; INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE;
- Benh Lco co tuoi phat benh cham hn va luon the phat GUMBOROS DISEASE - IBD)
cham. 1. Gii thieu
- Benh Lco khong co u da, c, da day tuyen, phoi va Gumboro la benh suy giam mien dch cap tnh ga vi cac
than kinh ui, khong co cac bien oi mat. bien oi viem xuat huyet c ui, c ngc viem tiet dch xuat huyet
- Cac khoi u benh Lco chu yeu gan, lach, tui Fabricius va ng tieu hoa va ac biet tui Fabricius.
buong trng. 2. Nguyen nhan
- Trng hp ch co u gan va lach eu sng rat to th ta phai - Do Birnavirut gay ra, chung co hai chung (typ) 1 va 2, ga
tm them khoi u khac cac c quan khac, ong thi phai cat khoi benh thng do virut typ I gay ra.
u ra e phan biet. Neu lat cat kho, mat cat co mau khong eu, co - Virut gay benh co rat nhieu chung: chung co oc lc rat cao
the co viem hoai t xuat huyet th o la khoi u cua Marek, ngc gay chet nhieu ga, chung co oc lc trung bnh va chung co oc
lai lat cat t, mat cat eu mau (nh mieng m luoc) bong nhan, lc yeu.
khong co vet viem xuat huyet hoac hoai t th o la cua Lco.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
Ket qua chan oan se tang them gia tr neu chung ta ket hp vi
- Benh xay ra chu yeu ga, nhng cung thay ga Tay, cut va chim.
ac iem tuoi ga mac benh, ty le chet va giai phau vi the (te bao
lympho khoi u cua benh Marek la a nhan, a hnh thai, con 4. Tuoi ga mac benh
benh Lco la n nhan, n hnh thai). - The lam sang thng xay ra ga t 3-8 tuan tuoi.
10. ieu tr - The an benh thng xay ra ga di 3 tuan hoac tren 8 tuan tuoi.
- Khong co thuoc ieu tr. 5. Phng thc truyen lay: Qua ng mieng va ho hap
- Loai thai kp thi ga om. 6. Mua phat benh: Quanh nam
- Thng xuyen bo sung thuoc bo: Super-Vitamin hoac Doxyvit 7. Trieu chng lam sang
Thai, kem theo Bo gan-than-lach TA hoac TA-Sorbiton+B12 nh - Benh xay ra ot ngot, sot rat cao tren 440C, luc au uong
benh Marek e tang cng kha nang khang benh. nhieu nc, tieu chay manh, phan nht vang xanh hoac vang xanh
11. Phong benh trang, oi khi co lan mau, benh lay lan rat nhanh.
- Khong co vacxin phong benh. - Sau 1/2 ngay ga om long xu, nam la liet vi cac t the khac nhau,
- Can chap hanh tot cac quy nh chan nuoi an toan sinh hoc. khong an, khong uong c va chet cung rat nhanh, ty le chet rat cao
88 89
theo s o hnh chuong tang dan 1-3 ngay, gi nguyen ngay th 4 va - TC. Electrolise: 15g
giam nhanh ngay 6, 7, 8. Sau ngay th 8 benh bong nhien tr lai bnh - Super - Vitamin: 15g
thng nhng benh Gumboro rat de b boi nhiem bi cac benh th - Gluco K.C.B2 hoac Gluco C: 200g
phat ac biet la E. coli, do o ty le chet rat cao t 70 - 80%.
5 loai thuoc tren pha chung vao 20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong
- the an benh: ga to ra met moi, giam an, l , sot nhe, nam
trong 1 ngay, dung lien tuc 3-4 ngay benh se khoi.
tum ong, chay nc mui, tieu chay, sau 3-6 ngay b benh ga khoe
tr lai bnh thng, ty le chet thap. * Phac o 2
8. Mo kham - T. Avimycin: 20g
- Xac ga chet beo tot, tht hoan toan bnh thng. - T. Cum gia suc: 20g
- Lot da thay xuat huyet c ui, c ngc. - TG-Electrolise: 10g - 15g
- Tui Fabricius sng to va xuat huyet tham ch co cuc mau (1-4 - Doxyvit Thai: 15g
ngay phat benh), t ngay th 5 tr i tui nay teo lai, cha chat nh ba - Gluco.C: 200g
au phu.
5 loai thuoc tren pha chung vao 20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong
- Xuat huyet da day tuyen, oi khi thay xuat huyet ca da day c.
trong 1 ngay, dung lien tuc 3-4 ngay benh se khoi.
- Ruot b viem tiet dch va xuat huyet nang.
* Phac o 3
- Lach sng to, gan khong thay oi, than nht nhat.
Ta thay T. Avimycin bang mot trong cac loai sau: T. Umgiaca,
9. ieu tr
T. Flox. C, cac thuoc con lai gi nguyen.
- Ga chet do benh Gumboro v cac nguyen nhan sau ay:
+ Sot qua cao. Chu y: e nang cao hieu qua ieu tr ta phai:
+ Mat nc, t nhiem oc, mat can bang ien giai. - Ha mang uong xuong sat nen e ga om co the uong c.
+ Chet do nhng ga khoe dam ap len. - Ga nam bep khong t uong thuoc c th ta phai bm hoac
+ Chet do benh th phat, chu yeu do E. coli, Salmonella. nho trc tiep vao mieng ga benh moi lan 5-10ml nc thuoc neu
V the nhot ga om rieng, cung cap u nhiet va cho toan an tren/1 lan cho 1 ga, ngay bm 4-5 lan va bm lien tuc 3-4 ngay,
uong thuoc theo 1 trong cac phac o sau ay se cu c an ga: con nao ng day c la se song va khoi benh.
* Phac o 1: 10. Phong benh
- T. Colivit: 20g - Co 2 bien phap c ban phong benh, khong phu thuoc vao ga
- Anti-Gum: 20g me a c tiem vacxin hay cha, cac bien phap o gom:
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10.1. Phai dung vacxin u manh va dung vacxin cang sm cang tot nhng gom nhieu chung:
+ Cac loai vacxin pho bien hien nay la 228E cua Ha Lan hoac - Boreliota avium: gay au ga.
Medivac Gumboro A goi tat la Gum A cua Indonexia, cua Han
- Boreliota Columbae: gay au chim cau.
Quoc, cua Phap.
- Boreliota Meleagridis: gay au ga Tay.
+ Lch dung va cach dung vacxin phai lam ung nh sau:
- Boreliota Fringillae: gay benh cho chim se.
Lan 1: Nho mom, mui moi con ga 1 lieu a pha vi 0,3ml nc
cat vao luc 1-3 ngay tuoi. 3. Loai gia cam mac benh
Lan 2: cho moi con uong 1 lieu a pha vi 15ml nc sach vao - Tat ca cac loai ga, noi ga: cut, chim cau, tr, cong, vet va
luc 10-15 ngay tuoi. hoang cam eu co the mac benh.
- Neu c s chan nuoi nao thng xuyen a b benh roi th nen - Benh khong lay sang thuy cam (ngan, vt, ngong khong mac
cho uong lan 3 luc ga at 18-21 ngay tuoi (moi lieu vacxin pha vi benh au ga).
25ml nc).
4. Tuoi ga mac benh
- Khong nen ap dung s o dung vacxin nh cac hang san xuat
Benh au co the xay ra tat ca cac la tuoi gia cam, nhng gia
hoac cac ai ly ban vacxin khuyen cao, v khong phu hp vi ieu
cam non ang ln la man cam nhat.
kien dch te benh Gumboro Viet Nam.
10.2. Bien phap c ban 5. ac iem dch te
Cong tac ve sinh chan nuoi thu y phai thng xuyen thc hien - Benh co tnh dch cao, c liet vao loai dch lu hanh
ay u. ac biet la thi gian e trong chuong gia hai la nuoi ga (Epizootia).
cang lau cang tot (toi thieu 45 ngay, toi a 122 ngay). - Benh lay lan chu yeu qua ng mieng va ho hap, benh khong
truyen doc t me sang con qua phoi trng.
XIV. BENH AU GA (VARIOLA AVIUM, AVIAN POX)
1. Gii thieu 6. Mua phat benh: Quanh nam
au gia cam la mot benh truyen nhiem lay lan nhanh vi cac 7. Trieu chng
bieu hien ac trng hnh thanh va xuat hien cac not au mao, - Benh co thi ky u benh trung bnh t 4-10 ngay, t khi en 20
tch, mep mo, m mat, da chan va mang gia niem mac vung ngay.
hong, hau cua gia cam. - Co 3 the bieu hien:
2. Nguyen nhan 7.1. The da (Variola cutanica avium)
Benh do mot loai Poxviridae virut cc nho, hng b gay ra Xuat hien cac not au da cua mao, tch, da mep mo, m mat,
92 93
da chan... Luc au cac not au nay nho co mau vang xam, sau o boc vay va boi lan na.
to dan thanh cac cuc tht, loi ro len tren be mat da tao ra cac am - The mang gia: Cho uong: 10ml T. Metrion pha vao 1 lt nc
au ran chac, mau tham nau, kho va san sui, ben trong not au thay nc uong hang ngay roi tiem bap Vitamin A hoac AD3E.
cha mot chat ac nh ho gao mau vang nau. Luc nay the trang Thai: 1ml/5-10kg P/lan/ngay, ket hp vi tiem bap khang sinh:
ga met moi, giam an, sinh trng cham ga tht va ga e thay Lincogen.LA: 1ml/5-10kg P/lan/ngay hoac Vidan-T vi lieu tng
giam e. Sau o khong lau cac not au kho dan va tao thanh vay t. Toan bo chu trnh ieu tr keo dai 3-4 ngay la khoi.
nau, cac vay nau nay se t bong troc sau 4-6 tuan va ga tr lai
10. Phong benh
bnh thng.
T ngay tuoi 15 tr i chung au cho ga hoac chim cau mot lan
7.2. The mang gia (Variola dipterea avium)
duy nhat bang viec s dung vacxin au do Viet Nam san xuat se
The benh nay bao gi cung rat nang ne. Luc au xuat hien cac
tao c mien dch suot i.
not san trang trong vom mieng, vung hong va hau, ve sau chung
dnh lien lai vi nhau tao thanh mang gia day, day en vai mm XV. HOI CHNG COI COC GA
vi mau vang xam, sau chuyen sang vang nau, dnh chat, dnh sau 1. Gii thieu
vao niem mac cac c quan o rat kho boc tach, nhat la li. Sau Hoi chng ga coi coc do nhieu nguyen nhan, nhng chu yeu la
khi boc tach ra ta thay ro cac not loet chay mau. Do cac not au do mot loai Reovirus gay ra. V vay hoi chng coi coc c xem
xuat hien mieng, hong va hau khien ga b au nen khong dam la mot benh truyen nhiem. Benh a va ang tr thanh moi e doa
an, chung kho th va kiet sc roi chet. nguy hiem cho nganh chan nuoi vi cac bieu hien ac trng cham
7.3. The hon hp ln, xau x, lun va coi coc gay thiet hai ang ke ket qua chan nuoi.
ay la the benh ma cung mot luc cac bieu hien benh xuat
2. Nguyen nhan
hien ngoai da mao, tch, mep, chan va xuat hien cac mang gia
Trc ay trong chan nuoi ga tap trung thng co 1-5% ty le
mieng, hau, hong, kh quan...
ga coi coc vao au nhng nam cua thap ky 80 va 90 the ky trc,
- La the benh nguy hiem nhat, benh gay chet t 5-70% so ga,
ngay nay ty le ga coi coc tang len ang s 20-40% tai hau het cac
3-10% chim cau, en 100% ga Tay.
nc co nen chan nuoi ga cong nghiep phat trien nh Anh, My,
8. Chan oan Phap, Israel...
Da vao cac bieu hien lam sang co the chan oan c benh. Khi o ngi ta o loi cho cac nha di truyen chon giong vi
9. ieu tr quan iem xuat hien hien tng lai giong, thoai hoa giong lai
- The ngoai da: Boi 2% PVP. Iodine, khi nao tao thanh vay th tao. Sau nhieu cong trnh nghien cu cac nha di truyen hoc khong
94 95
tm thay cac yeu to gay lai giong tc la ho a chng minh coi - en khi ga c 5-6 tuan tuoi th nhng ga benh co bieu hien
coc lai giong khong phai do di truyen chon giong ma la do dinh than kinh rat ro: i khong vng, run ray va hay nga khi xua uoi.
dng. The la buoc cac nha nghien cu dinh dng phai vao cuoc, Tuy nhien t le chet khong cao.
cung nh cac nha di truyen chon giong, cac nha dinh dng a 5. Mo kham benh tch
khong tm ra nhng sai khac ve dinh dng dan en ga coi coc - Ruot chng hi.
hang loat nh vay. Cau tra li cuoi cung danh cho cac chuyen gia
- Thc an khong tieu, dch nhay ruot co mau nau.
thu y va ho a thanh cong phan lap c Reovirut - mot loai virut
gay coi coc truyen nhiem ga. - Niem mac ruot b viem cata co mau nau sam.
Trong qua trnh hnh thanh, Hoi chng coi coc c mang rat - Lach khong sng, nhng co nhieu iem hoai t.
nhieu ten khac nhau: hoi chng ga lun, hoi chng ga xanh xam, - Gan, than hau nh bnh thng.
benh trc thang, benh hoai t c au ui, benh de gay xng... - au c ui b viem hoai t, khi mi mac benh b viem o tay,
3. Dch te hoi chng coi coc sau b hoai t th tr nen trang bech nh tht luoc.
- Benh coi coc ch xay ra ga t 1-6 tuan tuoi. - Tuy b viem thoai hoa x cng.
- Benh co the truyen doc qua phoi trng va co the truyen ngang - Tuy xng nht nhat co mau vang xam giong nh benh
lay t an nay sang an khac. viem gan virut.
- Benh khong co tnh thi vu, nhng lai chu tac ong ln bi ky 6. Chan oan benh coi coc
thuat cham soc nuoi dng. Hoi chng coi coc de nhan biet qua dch te, trieu chng va mo
4. Trieu chng lam sang kham benh tch.
- Nhn chung ca an ga van an uong khoe manh bnh thng, 7. Chan oan phan biet
nhng ga a chay lien tuc, phan song co bot kh, khi dung cac loai Benh coi coc can c phan biet vi cac benh:
thuoc khang sinh ieu tr benh se thuyen giam trong 2-3 ngay, song 7.1. Benh Gumboro
ngay sau o tieu chay lai tiep dien (khang sinh khong co tac dung). Dien bien viem au c ui trong thi gian au giong nh xuat
- Hnh the ga xau x, chan lun, i khong vng, long kem mt huyet c cua benh Gumboro, nhng ve giai oan cuoi th khac
lai ban do phan bam dnh, co le t cac benh chng nay nen ngi han, au c thoai hoa, viem hoai t nen co mau sac nht nhat. Hoi
ta ac ten cho benh la benh ga lun. chng coi coc khong co cac bieu hien xuat huyet tui Fabricius,
- Ga benh cham ln han so vi nhng con khac cung la tuoi, da day tuyen va ga khong b sot.
gay cam giac nh trong an ga gom nhieu la tuoi khac nhau va 7.2. Benh viem khp do Reovirut
cach nhau 2-3 tuan tuoi. - Benh ch xay ra ga tren 30 ngay tuoi.
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- Viem khp la trieu chng ien hnh cua benh viem khp do cha nhieu chung Reovirut nham phong hoi chng coi coc va giam
virut, ga khong nhng run ray khi i lai hoac i lai khong vng ma e cung mot luc vi cung 1 loai vacxin.
con b que. Cac vacxin o la:
- Bao khp cha ay dch. + Avian Reovirut - vacxin vo hoat cua Phap, tiem di da 0,5ml/
- Viem khp do Reovirut khong b a chay hang loat,niem mac con.
va dch ruot khong phai mau nau. Khong co cac benh tch c ui, Lan 1: tiem di da cho ga luc 4 tuan tuoi.
c ngc.
Lan 2: trc khi vao e (16-20 tuan tuoi).
7.3. Benh viem khp do Staphylococus
+ Inacti/Vac Reo - vacxin vo hoat cua Phap cha 2 chung S1133
- Benh nang nhat ga 2-20 ngay tuoi t khi xay ra ga tren 5
chong viem khp va 1733 chong coi coc. Cach s dung va thi
tuan tuoi. Khong co cac bien oi ruot va c, ga khong b a chay,
gian dung nh tren.
ga khong b lun.
+ TAD.Reo Vac.I - chung U conn 1133 tiem di da hoac tiem
7.4. Benh viem nao - mang nao truyen nhiem
bap cho ga 7-10 ngay tuoi lan 1 va nhac lai luc 4 tuan tuoi.
- Run ray i khong vng la bieu hien de nham vi hoi chng
oi vi ga e ngi ta thng dung vacxin a gia chong 3-4
coi coc. Song viem nao con co s co that c au, c co lam ga co
benh trong o hoi chng giam e, coi coc (Reovirut), viem khp.
rum mot cach de nhn thay, ga khoi benh b uc mat va tr thanh
d tat. - ND/IB/EDS/REO (TAD 404) phong 4 benh gom ga ru, viem
phe quan, Gumboro, giam e va coi coc viem khp.
8. ieu tr benh coi coc
- ND + IB + IBD + REO (TAD 401) chong ga ru, viem phe
Khong co thuoc ac tr, nhng chung ta phai chu trong en thanh
quan, Gumboro va coi coc, viem khp.
phan dinh dng e nang cao kha nang khang benh cua c the, han
che s gia tang ty le coi coc phai thng xuyen bo sung Super- - Inacti/vac. BD3 + REO chong Gumboro va coi coc, viem khp.
Vitamin hoac Doxyvit.Thai ket hp vi bo gan-lach-than TA, hoac - Inacti/vac. BD3 + ND + REO chong ga ru, Gumboro va coi
TA. Sorbitol B12 va men tieu hoa Feedophyt hay Hostazym (lieu coc viem khp.
lng s dung a ghi tren nhan thuoc). - Inacti/vac. BD3 + ND +IB2 + REO chong ga ru, viem phe
9. Phong benh coi coc quan Gumboro va coi coc viem khp.
Do co mot so chung Reovirut gay sut trng ga e nen e - Nobivac - Reo + IBD + ND cua Ha Lan phong 3 benh: Niu-
phong benh coi coc ga con cac nha nghien cu che tao vacxin cat-xon, Gumboro, giam e, coi coc.
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XVI. DCH RUN RAY GA (BENH VIEM NAO TUY VA en khi am vao vat can th chung quay lan ra giay dua, quay tt
MANG NAO - ENCEPHALOMYELITIS INFECTIOSA AVIUM, mu. Hai la chung bat ong nam vi cac t the khac nhau mac cho
AVIUM INFECTIOUS ENCEPHALOMYELITIS - AE) ta xua uoi...
1. Gii thieu - nhng ga om o cac c au, c co co giat, ngon chan dum
Benh viem nao tuy va mang nao la benh truyen nhiem ga mi lai, ga kiet sc dan do khong kiem c thc an nc uong, chung
c phat hien gan ay. Benh co ten khoa hoc la Encephalomyelitis chet do oi, khat va b con khoe dam len hoac do benh ke phat. Ty
Avium c viet tat la EA hoac Avium Infectious Encepalomyelitis le chet giao ong ln t 5-30%.
- AE. do mot loai Adeno Picorna virut gay nen va virut gay benh - Mot so khac th run ray i khong vng hay nga khi b xua uoi
c viet tat la AEV. Benh con co ten la dch run ray ga. v the benh AE co ten la dch run ray ga.
2. Dch te benh - So con lai bnh phuc dan va e lai di chng mat b uc thuy tinh the.
- Benh co the xuat hien moi la tuoi mot cach ot ngot, nhng 3.2. oi vi ga tren 50 ngay tuoi va ga e
nang nhat la ga hng tht t 2-6 tuan tuoi. Benh phat ra am tham va nhe nhang lam cho ngi chan nuoi
- Can nguyen gay benh tham nhap vao c the ga bang rat nhieu kho biet. Rieng ga e th san lng trng b giam manh t 5-40%,
cach khac nhau: tham ch co an tren 50%, co an tat e luon, sau khi benh qua
khoi th mot so ga mat b m uc.
+ Qua phoi trng (truyen mam benh t ga me) - truyen doc.
4. Mo kham benh tch
+ Qua ng mieng va qua ng ho hap - truyen ngang
Khong co ton thng g neu khong b benh ghep.
+ Benh co tnh lay lan manh khong phu thuoc vao mua vu, thi tiet.
5. Chan oan
3. Trieu chng lam sang
Co the da vao ac iem dch te, trieu chng lam sang ien
3.1. oi vi ga con en 50 ngay tuoi hnh e chan oan benh viem nao tuy va mang nao. Khi lam tieu
Neu mam benh c ga me truyen sang ga con th benh xuat ban vi the thay v thanh mao mach nao, cac nron than kinh b
hien sm va ty le ga om va chet cao. Neu do lay lan th benh phat thoai hoa, tham nhap te bao lymphoid da day tuyen, tuy... Neu
cham hn va so ga om cung t hn. can th phan lap virut AEV.
Nhn chung co khoang 5-30% so ga o tuoi 2-35 ngay sau khi 6. Chan oan phan biet
n met moi li i lai, t canh bi tm kiem thc an. 6.1. oi vi ga con b viem nao tuy va mang nao can phan biet:
Khi xua uoi ga ta thay 2 hien tng: a. Vi benh ga lun (hoi chng coi coc). Benh viem nao tuy va
- Mot la ga b ong kinh chay toan loan khong nh hng cho mang nao khong co hien tng tieu chay hang loat, khong co hien
100 101
tng viem au c ui, ngc, khong co cac bien oi ruot, tuy... * Cach 2:
b. Ngoai ra benh viem nao tuy can phai c phan biet vi benh - Doxyvit. Thai: 1 tha canh ay
viem nao xop, nhng nc ta cha co benh viem nao xop ga. - Giai oc gan (TA.Sorbitol.B12): 40g
6.2. oi vi ga e: - TG Nam Thai: 1 tha cafe
Benh viem nao tuy can phan biet vi hoi chng giam e cung - T. Avimycin: 20g
do mot so chung Adenovirut khac gay ra: ca 2 benh eu gay ra Thuoc pha vao 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg trong lng ga uong ca
giam e 40 -50%, song dch run ray co them cac di chng uc ngay em va dung lien tuc 4-5 ngay. Sau o tiep tuc dung Doxyvit
thuy tinh the mat. Thai 3 tuan na.
7. ieu tr benh AE 8. Phong benh viem nao, tuy
Benh khong co thuoc ieu tr ac hieu, tuy nhien chung ta co the - Khong nen dung nhng an ga viem nao tuy e lam giong, v
han che so ga t vong va tang cng sc e khang benh cho ca an phat tan benh i khap ni do can nguyen truyen qua phoi trng.
ga bang viec bo sung Vitamin cung cap ien giai, nc uong u cho - Nhng c s chan nuoi ma benh AE cha xay ra lan nao trc
c the, chon loc ga om cham soc rieng, chong benh th phat... o, nay neu phat benh th can tieu huy triet e an ga benh nham
tranh lay lan mam benh.
Cach thc hien:
- Nhng c s (trai) chan nuoi a co benh th can phai tiem
- Ha thap mang uong, mang an xuong sat nen, bat nhng ga
phong vacxin, nhng can chu y khong c tiem phong vacxin
benh ac biet la ga nam bep nhot rieng, bm nc thuoc theo 1 song nhc oc cho an ga ma o co nhieu an ga khac vi la
trong 2 cach sau cho moi ga 4-5ml/lan, ngay bm 6-8 lan va bm tuoi khac nhau v virut vacxin co the truyen ngang va gay benh
lien tuc 3-4 ngay. cho an ga con vi la tuoi nho hn (ga mi n).
- Cho toan an uong thuoc: Cac vacxin ang thong dung la:
* Cach 1: + Myelovac - vacxin song nhc oc cua Phap: pha vi nc uong
- Super - Vitamin: 1 tha canh ay lan 1 khi ga 10-15 ngay tuoi, lan 2 khi ga c 5 thang tuoi ( Phap
vacxin ch c dung luc ga 10-14 tuan tuoi va lan 2 luc 20 tuan tuoi).
- Bo gan-lach-than TA: 40g
+ Cevac - tremor L, chung Calnek 1143 - vacxin song nhc
- TG Nam Thai: 1 tha cafe
oc cua Canada: lan 1 cho uong luc ga 70-80 ngay tuoi, lan 2 luc
- T. Colivit 10g/goi: 1-2 goi ga c 5 thang tuoi.
Thuoc pha vao 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg trong lng ga uong + TAD-AE-VAC, chung Calnek 1143 cua c: ay cung la
ca ngay em va dung lien tuc 4-5 ngay, sau o dung tiep Super- vacxin song nhc oc dung 2 lan nh tren, cho uong lan 1 luc ga
Vitamin them 2-3 tuan na. 10 tuan tuoi, lan 2 luc 20 tuan tuoi.
102 103
CHNG III + Nam tum ong 1 goc chuong do cam thay ret.
+ Xu long, sa canh, hay nam up va au bung.
BENH DO VI KHUAN
+ Tieu chay phan trang, trang xanh, phan dnh t, tham ch bt
I. BENH PHAN DNH T - BACH L GA CON (PHO kn, nut chat hau mon lam cho gia cam mi n khong a c, sinh
THNG HAN VT, NGAN CON - PULLOROSIS AVIUM) chng hi, bung cang tron roi chet.
1. Nguyen nhan - Mot so gia cam cha chet co bieu hien th kho, ngap kem
- Benh do vi khuan Gram am co ten Salmonella Pullorum gay theo viem giac mac khien 2 mat nham nghien, gia cam khong m
ra. Nguyen nhan gay benh c truyen t me sang con qua phoi c mat, e lau b mu loa, mot so khac b viem khp i ca nhac
hoac gia cam b s nhiem do moi trng cha Salmonella spp. hoac hay nam va li van ong.
2. La tuoi gia cam b benh 7. Mo kham
- T 1-4 tuan tuoi, nang nhat la t 3-8 ngay tuoi. - Phan dnh bet t hoac nut chat hau mon, bung cang phong.
- Gia cam ln cung b benh (se trnh bay trong 1 benh rieng - - Long o khong tieu co mau xanh, than sng co mau tham,
Salmonellosis avium). hai ong dan nc tieu nam 2 ben than thnh thoang cha ay urat
3. Cac loai gia cam mac benh trang, gan lach eu sng to, oi khi tren be mat gan co cac not
Ga, vt, ngan, cut, ngong, chim mi n va hoang cam s sinh. hoai t trang nga to nh au kim hoac hat ke, tim sng to, nhao
4. Mua phat benh va viem mang tim.
Benh xay ra quanh nam. 8. ieu tr
5. ng truyen lay - Cac thuoc ac tr E. coli cung la cac thuoc ac tr benh bach
Truyen doc t me sang con qua phoi trng va qua ng mieng l do Salmonella hay con goi la phan trang hay benh phan dnh
(truyen ngang). t o la mot trong cac loai thuoc sau:
+ T. Colivit: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
6. Trieu chng
- The cap tnh thng xay ra ga, vt, ngan con mi n en 8 + T. Flox.C: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
hoac 10 ngay tuoi. + T. Avimycin: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
- The man tnh xay ra gia cam tren 10 ngay tuoi. + T.I.C: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
+ Sot cao 2-3 ngay au, sau o giam dan. + T. Umgiaca: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
104 105
+ Flumex-30: 15ml/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay. gay benh cho tat ca cac loai gia suc gia cam, chung la loai vi khuan
+ Nor.Flox-10: 25ml/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay. c hoi gram am hieu kh.
+ Enro-10: 25ml/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay. - oi vi gia cam th Salmonella gallinarum gay benh bach l
ga con va can nguyen con co ten goi khac la Salmonella pullorum
Ta ch dung 1 trong cac loai thuoc ke tren 3 ngay lien tuc,
hay Salmonella pullorum gallinarum. gia cam ln benh do
chac chan benh se c ieu tr khoi. Tuy nhien phai gi am,
cac chung thuoc Salmonella enterica gay ra nh S. enteritidis, S.
kho va tranh gio lua quay hoac chuong um se cho ket qua ieu
cholerae, S. typhimurium, S. anatum... di tac ong thuc ay cua
tr tot hn.
cac yeu to stress co hai.
9. Phong benh
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
- Phai s dung uong toa thuoc dung um ga, vt, ngan 3 ngay - Tat ca cac loai gia cam eu de mac benh (ga, vt, ngan,
au tien (xem va lam theo benh do kho mo, kho chan benh ngong).
1 - trang 9).
- Tuy nhien thuy cam de b nhiem nhat va hoang cam thng la
- Phai thc hien ung quy trnh um, ac biet chu y nhiet o vat mang trung.
chuong nuoi um en 21 ngay tuoi.
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
- am bao ky thuat cham soc, nuoi dng, ac biet chu trong chat - Tat ca cac la tuoi gia cam eu co the mac benh.
lng thc an theo tieu chuan cho tng loai gia cam, thuy cam.
- Nhng benh do S. enterica thng phat luc do hau b va trong
II. BENH THNG HAN HAY PHO THNG HAN GIA CAM thi gian sinh san.
(TYPHUS (PARATYPHUS) AVIUM, SALMONELLOSIS AVIUM) 5. Phng thc truyen lay
1. Gii thieu - Benh co the truyen t me sang con qua phoi trng (truyen doc).
Benh thng han (Typhus) hay con goi pho thng han - Benh c truyen lay qua ng mieng do thc an, nc uong
(Paratyphus) la mot benh truyen nhiem gia cam vi cac bieu va moi trng chan nuoi a b nhiem mam benh (truyen ngang).
hien ac trng cua nhiem trung huyet kem theo tieu chay phan 6. Mua vu mac benh
vang xanh do cac chung Salmonella enterica gay ra, v the benh
Benh co the xuat hien bat c luc nao trong nam (tc khong phu
con co ten khoa hoc la Salmonellosis avium. thuoc vao mua thi tiet). Tuy nhien v Salmonella la vi khuan c
2. Nguyen nhan hoi nen cac yeu to stress co hai ong vai tro to ln trong qua trnh
- en nay ngi ta a phan lap c hn 2200 chung Salmonella sinh benh va phat benh.
106 107
7. Trieu chng - Gay sut nhanh va giam e 15-20%. Tren vo trng thay co 1
Benh co 5 the bieu hien: qua cap, cap tnh, di cap tnh, man so trng dnh mau.
tnh va an benh. Ngay nay nhieu tac gia gop 2 the cuoi cung vao - Ty le chet khong cao qua 15%.
chung mot the goi la the man tnh hay the mang trung. 7.4. The man tnh
7.1. The qua cap - The benh nay thng quan sat thay gia cam do va gia cam
- Gia cam chet ot t, hien tng nay thng gan lien vi s sinh san nhieu hn cac la tuoi khac.
hien dien cac yeu to stress co hai va gia cam chet bat c thi gian - ay la the benh c chuyen sang t the di cap tnh vi
nao trong ngay. cac trieu chng:
- Tuy nhien the qua cap khong co xu hng thanh dch ln. + Luc tieu chay, luc khong nhng phan vang xanh luon bam
7.2. The cap tnh ban long xung quanh lo huyet.
- Gia cam benh chan an, buon ngu, mat nham nghien, xu long + Gia cam benh khong sot, an uong that thng.
va khat nc. Mao, tch tham xam (khac vi the man tnh). + Bung sa se.
- Th kho, nhp th, nhp tim tang cao. + Mao, tch nht nhat (khac han so vi the cap va di cap).
- Gia cam benh sot cao do nhiem trung huyet. + Giam e 5-15%.
- Chung b tieu chay, phan vang xanh bam dnh chat long xung + Gay sut cham dan.
quanh hau mon ( gia cam s sinh phan vang trang co the tao + Benh keo dai hang tuan, tham ch hang thang roi phan ln t
thanh cuc nut kn va nut chat hau mon). khoi, chung tr thanh vat mang trung. Mot phan nho chet rai rac
- Bung gia cam benh sa se. do kiet sc.
- Co cac bieu hien than kinh: run, co giat, oi khi thay liet chan 8. Mo kham
canh. Ty le chet kha cao 10-30%. - gia cam s sinh (xem them benh phan dnh t bach l ga
7.3. The di cap con - trang 108).
- Chay nc mat nc mui. - gia cam do va trng thanh co bc tranh benh tch kha ien hnh:
- Sot cao va phai. + Gan sng to, ln hn bnh thng va co mau loang lo xanh,
- Th kho, mao tch tham xam hoac tham tm (benh chng nay nau hoac ong thau, giai oan au tren be mat co nhieu iem
ngc lai vi the man tnh). hoac mang xuat huyet. Tui mat luon cha cang ay mat.
- Tieu chay phan vang xanh. + Giai oan sau tren be mat gan, tim, phoi, da day c co nhieu
108 109
iem hoai t mau trang xam to t au kim khau en hat ke. - Hepaton: : 15g/100kg/P/ngay x 3 ngay.
+ Lach, than eu sng to, ac biet la lach luon luon sng to co - T.I.C: 20g/100kg/P/ngay x 3 ngay.
mau tham sam hn bnh thng. - Flumequin 20: 4-6ml/lt nc x 3 ngay.
+ gia cam trng thanh (hau b, e) cac bien oi buong - Flumex 30: 3-4ml/lt nc x 3 ngay.
trng rat ro: phoi trng b bien dang, noi ro cac mach mau lam cho
- Norflox 10: 4-6ml/lt nc x 3 ngay.
cac phoi trng co mau o ro, oi khi thay trng non b dap v gay
viem dnh phuc mac, ong dan trng cung b viem xuat huyet. - Enro 10: 4-6ml/lt nc x 3 ngay.
+ Trong xoang bung cha nhieu dch tham xuat (tch nc 11. Phong benh
xoang bung). - Phai to chc chan nuoi an toan sinh hoc.
+ Ruot b viem t cata en xuat huyet tran lan, tham ch con b - Hang thang nen s dung 1 trong cac loai thuoc tren vi lieu
viem hoai t. 1/2 lieu ieu tr e phong benh trong 3 ngay lien tuc.
+ Lo huyet cung b viem sng, ban, oi khi thay loi dom.
III. BENH NHIEM TRUNG HUYET DO E. COLI NGUYEN
9. Chan oan PHAT (COLICEPTICAEMIA AVIUM)
Benh pho thng han gia cam de dang c phat hien thong
1. Nguyen nhan
qua ac iem dch te, lam sang va benh tch mo kham.
Do vi khuan Gram am E. coli, ac biet cac chung O1, O2, O76...
oi vi cac an ga dung lam giong va benh the man tnh th
tng t nh F4, F5, F6, F18. ln chung co yeu to bam dnh va
nen dung phng phap huyet thanh hoc e chan oan khang nh
sinh oc to.
benh va loai thai gia cam mang trung ra khoi an ga giong o mot
cach kp thi. 2. Loai gia cam mac benh
10. ieu tr - Tat ca cac loai gia cam, thuy cam eu co the mac benh.
Benh thng han (pho thng han) de dang ieu tr khoi bang 3. Tuoi ga vt b benh
mot trong cac loai thuoc sau khi cho an hoac pha nc uong. - Neu la benh nguyen phat th xay ra chu yeu ga, vt, ngan, ngong
- T. Avimycin: 20g/100kg/P/ngay x 3 ngay. t mi n en 3 tuan tuoi nhng chu yeu t 2- 10 ngay au sau n.
- T. Colivit: 20g/100kg/P/ngay x 3 ngay. - Neu la benh th phat th xay ra bat c luc nao trong i gia
- T. Flox.C: : 20g/100kg/P/ngay x 3 ngay. cam, thuy cam.
- T. Umgiaca: 20g/100kg/P/ngay x 3 ngay. 4. Mua phat benh: Quanh nam
110 111
5. Phng thc truyen lay: Qua ng ho hap va an uong. - T.I.C: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
6. Trieu chng benh nguyen phat - Flumequin-20: 20ml/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
- Sot luc au, sau giam dan. - Flumex-30: 15ml/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
- Xu long, sa canh, cu ru, khong chu van ong, hay nam, - Norflox-10: 25ml/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
buon ngu. - Enro-10: 25ml/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
- Mao tham xam, an kem roi bo an, chan kho, gay xop. e ga khoi benh va ti tnh nhanh ta ap dung cac loai thuoc
- Uong nhieu nc do khat nc, sinh tieu chay. tren theo cac phac o sau:
- Phan loang vang xanh lan nhieu bot kh. * Phac o 1:
- Th kho do tui kh b viem, gia cam ha mom th, nhp th - T. Colivit: 20g
tang, hai canh dap dui theo nhp th. - T. Cum gia suc hoac Anti-Gum: 20g
- Chet nhanh, chet nhieu ga, vt, ngan, ngong con 2-15 ngay tuoi. - Super-Vitamin: 20g
7. Mo kham 3 loai thuoc tren pha vao 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg ga, vt uong
- Cac c quan noi tang b huyet va xuat huyet. ca ngay, lien tuc 3 ngay la khoi.
- Ruot viem cata, long o khong tieu va dai nhng khong co * Phac o 2:
mau xanh nh benh do Salmonella gay ra, viem xuat huyet mang - Ta thay T. Colivit bang T. Umgiaca hoac T. Flox. C hoac T.
bao gan, tim, da day tuyen va mang treo ruot... Avimycin hoac 1 loai nao o a ghi phan tren roi phoi hp vi T.
- Tui kh b viem phu ne hoac viem ba au Fibrin. cum gia suc hoac Anti-Gum va Super-Vitamin hoac Doxyvit ta se
co mot phac o ieu tr hoan chnh, thc hien trong 3 ngay chac
- Bung b chng cng.
chan benh se khoi.
8. ieu tr
9. Phong benh
Benh do E. coli de dang c ieu tr khoi bang mot trong cac
- Phai thc hien ung quy trnh ap, n, quy trnh um gia cam
loai thuoc sau:
s sinh.
- T. Colivit: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
- Phai s dung ung toa thuoc dung um gia cam con nh a ghi
- T. Avimycin: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay. trong benh kho chan kho mo (benh 1 - trang 9).
- T. Umgiaca: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay. - Khi bat gia cam ve nuoi phai am bao nhiet o um, cho uong
- T. Flox. C: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay. nc thuoc ngay sau khi tha gia cam vao quay, sau o 10-15 phut
112 113
phai cho an ngay, an cang sm cang tot (chu y trc ay co tai lieu 6. Trieu chng
noi khong cho an ngay la sai, rat sai ve mat ky thuat tien bo). - Benh tu huyet trung co 3 the bieu hien:
- Tranh cac yeu to stress, mang an, uong, nguon thc an nc 6.1. The qua cap
uong phai sach se va u ve lng. - ot ngot nhay xoc len, lan quay, giay chet hoac sang ra a
IV. BENH TU HUYET TRUNG (PASTEURELLOSIS AVIUM, thay ga chet tren o e hoac goc chuong
CHOLERA AVIUM) 6.2. The cap tnh
1. Gii thieu - Than nhiet ot ngot tang cao 43-440C.
- Tu huyet trung - Pasteurellosis la benh truyen nhiem nguy - Gia cam met la, 2 canh sa xuong hoac nam im khong c ong,
hiem mang tnh cuc bo tat ca cac loai gia suc, gia cam vi cac hai mat nham nghien, chay nc mui, nc mat, nc mieng.
bieu hien ac trng cua nhiem trung huyet toan than va co t le - Long xu, mao, tch tham tm.
t vong rat cao. gia cam benh co ten khoa hoc la Pasteurellosis
- Gia cam th rat kho, chan an hoac bo an.
avium hoac Cholera avium.
- Tieu chay oi khi co gn mau.
2. Nguyen nhan
- Gia cam benh chet rat nhanh, xac chet beo nhng tht nhanh tham
- Benh tu huyet trung do vi khuan Gram am Pasteurella
va de b thoi ra. Benh co xu the lay lan nhanh sang con khac.
multocida co 3 chung 1, 3 va 4 gay ra, di tac ong ho tr cua
6.3. The man tnh
cac yeu to stress gay hai.
- Mao, tch b phu ne, sng to, sau mot vai ngay th hnh thanh
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
lo do co dch vang ac chay ra rat giong nh benh cum ga.
- Ga, vt, ngan, ngong, cut, chim.
- Viem m mat, mot so ga b viem khp i ca nhac.
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
- au co the b nghieng sang mot ben.
- Neu benh t phat trong an gia cam th bao gi cung sau 3
- Neu khong c ieu tr kp thi th a phan gia cam benh se chet.
tuan tuoi tr len, nhng benh ch xay ra lac ac, le te, cuc bo.
- Neu benh c lay lan t ben ngoai vao c s chan nuoi th 7. Mo kham
benh co the no ra bat c la tuoi nao va co tnh dch cao, lay lan 7.1. The qua cap va cap tnh
nhanh ra dien rong. - Mao tch tham, xac chet beo, tht tham.
5. Phng thc truyen lay - Mang bao tim co nhieu iem xuat huyet.
T phat hoac qua ng mieng. - Tim bi trong tui dch tham xuat mau vang ac.
114 115
- Xuat huyet iem vanh tim, c tim. + T. Colivit: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay la khoi.
- Tren be mat gan co nhieu iem hoai t vang nga to bang au + T. Avimycin: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay la khoi.
kim en hat ke. + T. Flox. C: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay la khoi.
- Lach sng to va phai. + T. Umgiaca: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay la khoi.
- Phoi b phu ne tham sam. 9. Phong benh
- Viem phuc mac do dap v trng non. - Chu y tranh cac yeu to stress gay hai. Neu co s thay oi thi
- Buong trng b viem thoai hoa. tiet, thc an, nc uong th dung mot trong cac loai thuoc tren vi lieu
- Viem tiet dch oan ta trang. bang 1/2 lieu ieu tr, dung 3 ngay lien tuc se tranh c thiet hai.
- am bao ve sinh chan nuoi thu y trong qua trnh to chc chan nuoi.
7.2. The man tnh
- Mao tch phu ne, sng day, oi khi thay co lo do, t o co dch V. BENH HEN GA - CRD (CHRONIC RESPIRATORE
vang ac chay ra. DISEASE, CONTAGIOSIS RESPIRATORE DOMESTICUS,
- Viem m mat. MYCOPLASMOSIS RESPIRATORIA AVIUM)

- Viem buong trng, ong dan trng. 1. Nguyen nhan


- ay la benh do vi khuan Gram am Mycoplasma gay ra rat
- Viem khp.
pho bien trong chan nuoi tap trung, bi benh co the truyen t ga
- Viem ruot tiet dch en xuat huyet oan khong trang, hoi
me sang ga con qua phoi trng hoac ga b nhiem vi khuan t moi
trang va ai trang. trng chan nuoi, benh de bung phat di tac ong cua cac yeu to
- Gan sng to, cng va co nhieu iem hoai t vang nga. stress co hai. Do o cac nha khoa hoc a lay tan so xuat hien va
8. ieu tr cng o benh nay e lam ch tieu ve sinh thu y trong chan nuoi.
- Tat ca cac thuoc dung ieu tr E. coli, bach l eu la thuoc ac 2. Loai gia cam mac benh
tr tu huyet trung, o la mot trong cac thuoc sau: Tat ca noi, giong cac loai ga, ga Tay, chim, vt, ngan eu co the
+ Flumequin-20: 20ml/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay la khoi. mac benh, trong o ga va cac loai cung noi b benh nang ne nhat.
+ Flumex-30: 15ml/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay la khoi. 3. Tuoi ga mac benh
+ Norflox-10: 25ml/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay la khoi. - Tat ca cac la tuoi eu co the nhiem vi khuan va mac benh.
+ Enro-10: 25ml/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay la khoi. - Tuy nhien benh thng phat vao 2 giai oan:
116 117
+ Ga con t 1-10 tuan tuoi, trong o nang nhat t 18-45 ngay tuoi. - Tylodox. TA: 1-2g/lt/ngay em x 4 ngay lien tuc.
+ Ga ln bat au len e hoac luc e cao nhat. - Gentafam-1: 2g/lt/ngay em x 4 ngay em lien tuc.
4. Mua phat benh: - Anti-CRD.La: 1,5-2g/lt/ngay em x 4 ngay em lien tuc.
Benh xay ra quanh nam, khong phu thuoc mua, thi tiet. - Tylosin 98%: 1-2g/lt/ngay em x 4 ngay em lien tuc.
5. Phng thc truyen lay 8.2. Thuoc tiem bap
Truyen doc t me sang con va qua ng ho hap, an uong. - Tialin-Thai: 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay x 3-4 ngay.

6. Trieu chng - Spyracin thai: 1ml/5 - 7kg P/lan/ngay x 4 ngay.


- ac iem noi bat la thi ky u benh rat khac nhau: t 1-20 ngay. - Vidan T: 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay x 3-4 ngay.
- Benh luon the man, phat trien t t, lay lan cham nhng ty - Linco-gen.LA: 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay x 3-4 ngay.
le benh len en en 100%, ty le chet thap 10-20%, giam trong - Tylosin 10%: 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay x 4-5 ngay.
lng 30-40%, giam ty le e 10-25%. - Tiamulin 10%: 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay x 3-4 ngay.
- Cac bieu hien gom: ga ho hen sac khoet, loac xoac, kho th, - Macavet: 1ml/8kg P/lan/ngay x 3 ngay.
mo ga luon ban m e th, chay nc mui, nc mat, viem m mat, - Flodovet: 1ml/6kg P/lan/ngay x 4 ngay.
oi khi thay phu au. Tieu chay phan xanh trang, an kem, cham - Genta-Tylo: 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay x 4-5 ngay.
ln, nhieu ga suy nhc, ga e th giam e t 10-20% tham ch
Cac phac o ieu tr cu the mang lai niem tin cho chu chan
en 25%.
nuoi nh sau:
7. Mo kham * Phac o 1
- Viem tui kh: tui kh day, mat i s trong suot.
- Lay 1g CCRD. Nam Thai va 1g Gentafam-1 pha chung vao 1
- Phoi b bam huyet. lt nc cho ga uong 4 ngay em la khoi.
- Viem xoang mui, viem vung hong, viem kh quan. * Phac o 2
8. ieu tr Lay 1g CCRD. Nam Thai va 1g anti-CRD.LA hoac Tylodox.
- Co rat nhieu loai thuoc e ieu tr benh hen ga, cac thuoc tot TA pha chung vao 1 lt nc cho ga uong 4 ngay em la khoi.
noi tieng at hieu qua cao gom: * Phac o 3
8.1. Thuoc bot pha nc uong Lay 1g CCRD.Nam Thai va 1g Tylosin 98% pha chung vao 1
- CCRD. Nam Thai: 1,5-2g/lt/ngay em x 4 ngay em lien tuc. lt nc cho ga uong 4 ngay em la khoi.
118 119
Chu y: khong can dung them long m - Bromhexin v trong 4. Mua phat benh
cac thuoc neu tren a co Theophylin hoac Bromhexin. Benh xay ra quanh nam (khong phu thuoc mua kh hau).
* Phac o 4: La phac o hieu qua nhat nh sau: lay 1ml Vidan-T 5. Phng thc truyen lay
hoac Tialin-Thai tron vi 1ml Spyracin thai tiem bap nach cach
Benh CRD truyen doc t me sang con qua phoi trng.
cho 10kg/lan/ngay, tiem 4 ngay chac chan benh khoi.
Benh boi nhiem do E. coli xay ra chu yeu qua ng ho hap va
9. Phong benh
qua ng mieng.
- Phai to chc chan nuoi theo yeu cau an toan sinh hoc, am bao
ky thuat cham soc nuoi dng. 6. Trieu chng
- Phai dung mot trong cac loai thuoc: CCRD Nam Thai hoac - Hoan toan giong nh benh CRD nhng ho hen sac khoet, loac
Gentafam 1, Anti-CRD. LA hoac Tylosin 98% vi lieu 1g/lt nc xoac nang hn, ga om cu ru met moi va kho th hn, ty le chet cao hn.
vao cac ngay 9-11, 18-21, 28-30, 38-40, 48-50 ngay tuoi e phong Noi chung la benh hen ghep (CCRD) rat nang so vi benh CRD.
benh chu ong. 7. Benh tch
VI. BENH HEN GA - CRD GHEP VI E. COLI TAO RA - Hoan toan giong nh CRD.
BENH CCRD - Cac tui khi b viem ong mang Fibrin nh ba au phu hoac
1. Nguyen nhan giong nh trng kho bam chat cac c quan noi tang (vao ruot,
- Cac chung Mycoplasma gay ra CRD va E. coli gay viem tui gan, tim, buong trng). ga e con thay viem buong trng, trng
kh ket hp vi nhau tao nen benh CCRD. non b dap v gay viem dnh phuc mac, nhng trng hp nay ga
- Trong o benh hen CRD la nguyen phat va b boi nhiem bi thng b chet.
E. coli. 8. ieu tr
2. Loai gia cam mac benh Tat ca cac phac o ieu tr sau ay eu co gia tr cho ca 2 benh
- Ga, vt, ngan, cut, chim nuoi va hoang cam, trong o ga man CRD va CCRD, cac phac o o la:
cam nhat va b benh nang nhat. 8.1. an ga co so lng di 1.000 con, trong lng t 0,5kg/con
3. Tuoi gia cam mac benh tr len
- Tat ca cac la tuoi eu co the mac benh. * Cach 1:
- Tuy nhien benh nang nhat la t 15-45 ngay tuoi hoac luc vao Lay 1ml Vidan-T tron vi 1ml Spyracin Thai hoac T.C.K hoac
e hoac e cao nhat. oi vi ga sieu tht nuoi tap trung th tuoi ga Kanamycin 10% tiem bap vao nach canh cho 10kg ga/lan/ngay,
thng mac benh t 2-6 tuan tuoi. tiem 3-4 ngay la khoi.
120 121
* Cach 2: 2. Loai gia cam mac benh
Lay 1ml Vidan-T tron lan vi 1ml tylosin 10% hoac 1ml Linco- Cac loai ga, chim cut, chim cau eu co the mac benh, tuy nhien
Gen.LA tiem bap vao nach canh cho 10kg ga/lan/ngay, tiem 3-4 benh nay khong xay ra thuy cam.
ngay la khoi. 3. Tuoi ga mac benh: Moi la tuoi.
* Cach 3: 4. Mua phat benh: Benh xay ra quanh nam.
Lay 1ml Vidan-T tron lan 1ml Tialin Thai hoac 1ml Genta- 5. Phng thc truyen lay: Chu yeu qua ng ho hap va an uong.
Tylo tiem bap vao nach canh cho 10kg P/lan/ngay, tiem 3-4 ngay 6. Trieu chng
la khoi. 6.1. Benh CRD ghep vi Newcastle the phat cham
8.2. oi vi an ga co so lng ln, trong lng be khong the tiem - Ga om chay nc mat, nc mui va ho hen sac khoet, loac
c th cho uong toa thuoc theo cac phac o sau: xoac, an kem, sot nhe, uong nhieu nc, tieu chay phan xanh
* Phac o 1: trang trong khi nhn tong the ca an ga van khoe.
Lay 1g CCRD Nam Thai, 1g Gentafam-1 va 1 - 2ml Vidan-T - Mot so ga an khong tieu, dieu cha nhieu nc hoac hi kh
roi pha chung vao 1 lt nc cho ga uong ca ngay, em lien tuc 4 - Ga benh xu long, chan kho quat, gay roc.
ngay la khoi. - Luc au ga chet rai rac, chet ve ban em, sau 1 thi gian
* Phac o 2 ban ngay cung co ga chet. So ga chet c tang dan theo thi gian,
Lay 1g CCRD Nam Thai va 1g Anti-CRD.LA hoac Tylodox. mac du chu chan nuoi a dung nhieu thuoc cha hen nhng benh
TA va 1 - 2ml Linco-gen.LA, pha chung vao 1 lt nc cho ga khong khoi, benh keo dai le the.
uong ca ngay, em dung lien tuc 4 ngay em la khoi. 6.2. Benh CRD ghep vi Newcastle the phat nhanh
9. Phong benh - Ga ho hen sac khoet, loac xoac va thi thoang nghe thay tieng
Xem va lam theo benh hen ga - CRD (trang 124). tooc kem theo.

VII. BENH HEN GA CRD GHEP VI GA RU (CRD - Ga an kem hoac giam an, nhieu con buon ngu, mat lim dim,
COMBINATED ND) mao tham, dieu cha ay hi hoac thc an khong tieu, chay nc
1. Nguyen nhan mat, nc mui va dai, ga benh b bai chan, bai canh, ve sau ngheo
Benh hen CRD do vi khuan Mycoplasma, benh ga ru hay con au, ngheo co.
goi la Newcastle do Myxovirut. ay la trng hp benh hen ga - Ga gay sut nhanh, nhe can. Da chan, da mo kho et, ga chet
ghep vi benh Newcastle hoac ngc lai. t rai rac en o at.
122 123
- ga e: Thay giam san lng trng, co nhieu trng vo mem Bc 2: Sau khi an ga va c dung vacxin Lasota hay ND-
hoac khong co vo cng, kch thc be. Ty le e giam en 20-25%. IB hay H1 th phai cho ga uong thuoc ieu tr benh hen CRD. Cac
Neu a so trng cua an ga benh nay vao ap ta thay ty le chet toa thuoc can s dung va thc hien la mot trong cac phac o ieu
phoi cao en 30-40%. tr hen ga ghep Coli (CCRD) lien tuc 4 ngay se cu song c an
ga vi ty le khoi chac chan tren 80% (neu an ga o a c s
7. Mo kham dung 2 lan Lasota hay ND + IB hoac a c tiem vacxin H1)
- Mao tham, xac ga gay, tht tham, bop mo thay nhay mui chay
9. Phong benh hen ga ghep Niu-cat-xn
ra, dieu cha ay hi hoac nc hoac thc an khong tieu.
- To chc chan nuoi an toan sinh hoc.
- Viem xuat huyet ng tieu hoa, cac bieu hien xuat huyet da - Nghiem tuc thc hien chng trnh phong benh Niu-cat-xn
day tuyen, ruot non, van hoi manh trang va niem mac xung quanh (xem va lam theo benh ga ru trang 53).
hau mon co the xay ra cung 1 luc, nhng co the ch thay 1- 2 benh - Chu ong phong benh hen ga theo quy trnh sau: Dung CCRD.
chng tren. Nam Thai hoac Gentafam 1 hoac Tylosin 90% vi lieu 1g/lt nc
- Tui kh b viem ba au Fibrin dnh lien vao cac c quan noi tang. cho uong 3 ngay 1 t vao cac ngay 9-11, 18-21, 28-30, 38-40,
- Buong trng b thoai hoa, trng non b dap v gay viem phuc mac. 48-50 ngay tuoi.
8. ieu tr VIII. BENH SO MUI TRUYEN NHIEM - BENH SNG PHU
- ieu tr phai tien hanh 2 bc cung 1 luc: AU GA (CORYZA INFECTIOSA AVIUM; INFECTIOUS
Bc 1: Can thiep ngay vacxin Newcastle vao an ga benh. CORYZA - IC)
- oi vi ga cha c phong vacxin Lasota hoac ND-IB lan 1. Nguyen nhan
nao th tot nhat tieu huy. - Do vi khuan Haemophillus gallinarum hay Paragallinarum
- oi vi an ga di 20 ngay tuoi mi c dung 1 lan Lasota Gram am gay ra di s thuc ay cac yeu to stress co hai nh CO2,
hoac ND-IB th nho lai vacxin Lasota hoac ND-IB vao mui, mom, NH3, H2S, o am cao... Benh thng hay b boi nhiem bi E. coli,
mat moi con 1 lieu. Sau 7-10 ngay cho uong nhac lai, tiep sau 10 hen ga, viem phe quan va thieu Vitamin A va cac benh khac.
ngay na th tiem H1. 2. Loai gia cam mac benh
- oi vi ga tren 20 ngay tuoi a c dung 1-2 lan Lasota - Ga, ga Tay, chim cau, cut, vt, ngan... eu mac benh, tuy
hoac ND-IB nhng cha tiem H1 th tiem ngay H1. nhien benh nang nhat ga va cac loai cung noi ga.
- oi vi ga tren 30 ngay tuoi a dung vacxin Lasota hoac ND-IB 3. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
1-2 lan, cha tiem hoac a va tiem H1 th phai tiem lai ngay H1. Tat ca cac la tuoi eu de mac benh.
124 125
4. Mua phat benh 0,5kg/con) bang mot trong cac thuoc sau:
Benh co the xay ra bat c luc nao trong nam. + Linco-gen.LA tiem bap 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay x 3-4 ngay la khoi.
5. Phng thc truyen lay + Vidan-T tiem bap 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay x 3-4 ngay la khoi.
Benh lay lan qua tiep xuc trc tiep hoac qua ng mieng va + 1ml Vidan-T ket hp vi 1ml T.C.K hoac Kanamycin 10%
ho hap. tiem bap cho 10kg ga/lan/ngay, tiem 3 ngay la khoi.
6. Trieu chng + 1ml Linco-gen.LA, tron lan 1ml Vidan-T roi tiem bap cho
- Giam an, long xu. 10kg ga/lan/ngay, tiem 3 ngay la khoi.
- Luc au chay nc mui trong, sau uc nhay, ac dan va cuoi - Neu an ga so lng ln (hang ngan con tr len) th nen ap
cung la nhay mu. dung hnh thc cho uong theo 1 trong 2 phac o sau:
- Viem mui nang gay tt mui, ga, vt, ngan ha mo th, benh * Phac o 1
nang dan, chung hay lay chan cao moc vao mat do tuyen nc - T.Coryzin: 20g
mat b viem thoi, dan en viem mat va mu mat. au b sng phu - Super - Vitamin: 20g
1 trong 2 ben hoac ca 2 ben. Cung pha vao chung 20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong ca ngay,
- Li ga kho, tham, hi th ra thoi, ga rat kho th va khi th uong 3-4 ngay lien tuc la khoi.
phat ra tieng keu trung lap vi nhp th. * Phac o 2
- Benh lay lan rat nhanh, ga mu se chet do khong kiem c - Sutrim.NT: 20g
thc an, nc uong. - Doxyvit Thai: 20g
7. Mo kham Cung pha vao 20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong ca ngay, uong 3-4
- Benh ch khu tru vung au. ngay lien tuc la khoi.
- au phu ne, mat b viem, b mu, viem thoi xoang tran, xoang 9. Phong benh
ma va xoang mui, hong, khi mo kham cac c quan nay ta thay - Chuong trai phai kho, thoang, t kh CO2, H2S, NH3.
chung co mui kho chu, niem mac day, trong cac xoang cha nhay - Cho an thc an bo sung Vitamin AD3E.Thai vi lieu 6-8g/1kg
mu hoac mu a Cazein hoa. thc an, lien tuc 3-4 tuan.
8. ieu tr - Vacxin cha ap ng c hieu qua phong benh nen co t ngi
Benh de dang c ieu tr khoi bang mot trong cac loai thuoc sau: s dung, cac vacxin ang c lu hanh nc ta la Haemovac,
- Tiem bap (cho an ga co so lng t, trong lng moi ga tren Medivac Coryza B, MG- vac...
126 127
IX. BENH VIEM RUOT HOAI T GIA CAM (ENTERITIS + Uong nhieu nc, tieu chay manh, oi khi phan lan mang
NECROTICA AVIUM) niem mac ruot.
1. Gii thieu + Chan yeu, i lai run ray.
Viem ruot hoai t gia cam la mot benh truyen nhiem cap tnh + Chet nhanh.
do vi khuan yem kh Clostridium Perfringens gay ra, ac trng vi 8. Mo kham
cac bieu hien: phat ra ot ngot, viem hoai t ruot non, ty le om va
- C ngc kho va tham sam.
ty le t vong cao.
- Ruot non phnh to, chat cha lan niem mac va kh vi mui kho
2. Nguyen nhan chu.
Benh viem ruot hoai t do vi khuan Gram dng, yem kh c - Niem mac ruot non b viem xuat huyet hoai t rat nang, niem
hoi co ten la Clostridium Perfringens gay ra, tren nen cua cac
mac de b bong troc tng mang, ac biet la oan khong trang va
benh nguyen phat khac nh cau trung, Gumboro, hoi chng coi
hoi trang, tuy nhien manh trang rat t khi b viem.
coc, viem gan the vui, viem gan - ruot tha truyen nhiem (benh
au en) va mot so yeu to stress tac hai khac. - Gan sng to co mau tham do don mau.
- Lach, than t co bien oi.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
Ga va tat ca cac loai cung noi eu co the mac benh. 9. ieu tr
Benh de dang c ieu tr khoi bi 1 trong nhng phac o sau:
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
- Tuoi ga mac benh t 2 tuan en 8 thang tuoi. * Phac o 1
- Tuy nhien benh thng gap va nang ne nhat ga t 2-5 tuan tuoi. - Ampi-coli Thai: 20g

5. Mua phat benh - Super-vitamin: 20g


Benh co the xay ra quanh nam. - Bo gan, than, lach.TA: 40g
6. Phng thc truyen lay: Qua ng mieng la chnh. Ba loai thuoc nay pha vi 20 lt nc hoac tron thc an cho
100kg ga an hoac uong 1 ngay, dung lien tuc 3-4 ngay la khoi.
7. Trieu chng
- Thi ky u benh rat ngan: t 1-4 ngay. * Phac o 2
- Benh luon the qua cap hoac cap tnh va xay ra het sc bat - Amoxi-coli.TA: 20g
ng vi cac trieu chng: - Bo gan TA Sorbitol+B12: 40g
+ Long xu, u ru, khong sot hay nam, bo an. - Doxyvit: 20g
128 129
Ba loai thuoc nay pha vi 20 lt nc hoac tron thc an cho 2. Nguyen nhan
100kg ga an hoac uong 1 ngay, dung lien tuc 3-4 ngay la khoi. Can nguyen gay benh la 1 loai xoan trung co ten Borrelia
* Phac o 3 anaserina thuoc ho Spirochaetacae gay ra.
Neu ga co trong lng ln, so ga t (di 1.000 con) va benh 3. Phng thc truyen lay
tien trien nhanh th nen dung Ceftiofur tiem bap: 1g pha 20ml Do mat ga Argas persicus truyen lay qua ng hut mau hoac
dung moi, lac eu roi tiem nach canh 0,2ml/kg P/lan/ngay, tiem 3 do chuot truyen lay cung qua con ng gam nham va hut mau
ngay la khoi. chan gia cam.
10. Phong benh 4. Loai gia cam mac benh
- Chu y phong cac benh cau trung, ky sinh trung, Gumboro, - Tat ca gia cam va thuy cam nuoi eu mac benh: ga, ga tay, vt,
viem gan the vui va mot so benh khac that tot se han che c toi ngan, ngong, ga va loai ga cung noi.
a benh viem ruot hoai t nay. - Gia cam va thuy cam hoang mang trung nhng t khi b benh.
- Tranh cac yeu to stress gay hai. 5. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
- Moi khi thay oi thi tiet, thay oi nguon thc an, nc uong - Tat ca cac la tuoi eu co the mac benh.
nen cho an ga an hoac uong 10g Sutrim-NT/100kg the trong/ 6. Mua phat benh
ngay x 3 ngay hoac cho chung uong Sul-depot: 4 - 5ml/pha vao 1 Benh bung phat gan lien vi mua phat trien cua loai mat ga
lt nc cho ga uong lien tuc 3 ngay se tranh c benh. 7. Trieu chng
X. BENH XOAN KHUAN GIA CAM (SPIROCHETOSIS - Khi mi mac benh than nhiet tang cao, gia cam sot rat cao nen
AVIUM) uong nhieu nc, sau 5-7 ngay neu khong b chet th than nhiet tr
1. Gii thieu ve bnh thng.
Benh xoan khuan hay con goi la xoan trung (Spirochetosis) la - Gia cam om u ru, xu long, an kem roi bo an hoan toan.
mot benh truyen nhiem cap tnh gia cam va thuy cam c - Ngai van ong va neu xua uoi chung hay nga do liet chan,
goi chung la gia cam, ac trng vi cac bieu hien sot cao, thieu liet canh.
mau, tieu chay phan nht vang hoac nht vang-xanh va lach sng - Tieu chay manh, phan nht co mau vang xanh giong nh
to co mau lom om. benh Gumboro.
Benh con co cac ten khac la Treponemosis avium hoac Boreliosis - Mao, tch nht nhat rat giong nh benh mau loang (ky sinh
avium. trung mau).
130 131
- Khi cat tiet thay mau loang, cham ong rat giong benh ky Cac phac o ieu tr c ngi chan nuoi tin dung gom:
sinh trung mau do Leucocytozoone. * Phac o 1
- Toan than phan bam ban long. + Hepaton 15g
8. Mo kham + T.Coryzin: 15g
- Xac chet gay, ban, co nhieu phan nht vang xanh bam dnh, + T.Cum gia suc: 20g
nhieu nhat la vung hau mon.
+ Giai oc gan, than, lach.TA: 40g
- Cac c quan noi tang nht nhat thieu mau, ro nhat la cac niem
Ca 3 loai nay pha vao 20 lt nc hoac tron cam cho 100kg gia
mac vung mieng, hau mon va cac c quan khac.
cam uong hoac an trong ca ngay, lien tuc 4-5 ngay la khoi.
- Lach sng rat to co mau lo o, lom om. ay la benh tch ac
* Phac o 2
trng cua benh xoan trung gia cam.
+ Anti-CRD.LA: 15g
- Gan sng to va co nhieu iem hoai t hoac xuat huyet.
- Than sng to va nht nhat. + Sutrim.NT: 15g
- Viem xuat huyet ng ruot. + T. Cum gia suc: 20g

9. Chan oan + Giai oc gan, than, lach.TA hoac TA.Sorbitol+B12: 40g


Benh de dang c nhan biet qua cac ac iem dch te, lam Ba loai thuoc nay pha chung vao 20 lt nc hoac tron cam cho
sang va benh tch. Tuy nhien can xet nghiem mau e tm thay 100kg gia cam uong hoac an ca ngay, uong 4-5 ngay la khoi.
xoan trung se giup chung ta khang nh benh. Ngoai ra ta con thay * Phac o 3
so lng Haemoglobin va hong cau giam, co nhieu hong cau b
Neu benh nang va trong lng moi ga ln tren 0,5kg th nen
bien dang, mau cham ong.
dung Macavet tiem bap: 1ml/7kg P/lan/ngay, tiem 3 ngay lien tuc.
10. ieu tr
Ngoai ra ta co the thay Macavet bang T. Avibracin vi lieu
Phai khan trng ieu tr ca an cang sm cang tot.
1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay, tiem 3-4 ngay la khoi.
- Trc ay ngi ta thng dung Osarsol vi lieu 20-30mg/kg
P/ngay hoac Novarsenol vi lieu 20-60mg/kg P/ngay bang cach 11. Phong benh
cho uong hoac tron thc an. - To chc chan nuoi an toan sinh hoc.
- Ngay nay cac thuoc pho bien va hieu nghiem hn gom: - Thng xuyen diet chuot, phun thuoc muoi diet mat ga.
+ T. Coryzin hoac Sutrim. NT hoac Sul-depot hoac Hepaton - Phat quang cay co xung quanh chuong trai, thng xuyen
hoac Anti-CRD.LA. thong cong ranh thoat nc.
132 133
XI. BENH HOAI T DA (VIEM DA HOAI T - DERMATITIS 6. Phng thc truyen lay: Benh lay lan do tiep xuc trc tiep.
GANGRENOSA) 7. Trieu chng
1. Gii thieu - Ga met, chan an, i lai khong vng, i khong ung dang bam
sinh ac trng cho loai.
Benh hoai t da con co cac ten khac: Viem da hoai t, viem
hoai t da va c, benh thoi canh, benh phu thung da ga, benh ac - Long xu va rung nhieu cho da b viem.
trng vi qua trnh viem hoai t da kem theo mui thoi kho chu. - Da b viem phu ne, b xay xat, thng xuyen chay mau di
canh giong nh benh thieu mau hoac cho khac. Co mui thoi kho
ay la mot trang thai benh ly cua da va cac mo to chc di da
chu, ty le chet 2-10%.
canh hoac mot vai cho khac tren c the ga.
8. Mo kham
2. Nguyen nhan
+ Thay ro cac bien oi viem hoai t da vi mui kho chu.
Benh do mot so vi khuan co yeu to sinh oc to gay ra nh:
+ Khi giai phau benh cho thay gan, lach va than sng to co mau
- Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium Septicum.
tham do b don mau (hyperaemia).
- Staphylococcus aureus.
9. Chan oan
Chung co the oc lap gay nen benh, nhng cung co the ket hp
Da vao ac iem benh ly tai vung da b viem chung ta de
vi nhau e cung gay benh di tac ong thuc ay cua mot so yeu to
dang phat hien ra benh.
bat li nh: ve sinh chuong rat kem, nen chuong am thap, chat on
lau ngay khong thay, ga b thieu vitamin A, b benh thieu mau truyen 10. ieu tr
nhiem, viem gan truyen nhiem va viem phe quan truyen nhiem. Benh de dang c ieu tr khoi bang mot trong cac thuoc sau,
cho uong hoac an:
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
- Tat ca cac loai ga nuoi va cung noi hoang da eu co the mac benh. + Ampi-Coli.Thai: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3-4 ngay.

- Nhng ga sieu tht la man cam nhat. + T.Umgiaca: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3-4 ngay.

4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh + T.Coryzin: 15g/100kg P/ngay x 3-4 ngay.
- Benh thng xay ra la tuoi t 3-20 tuan tuoi. + Sutrim.NT: 15g/100kg P/ngay x 3-4 ngay.
- Nang nhat va thng gap nhat luc ga 4-8 tuan tuoi. + Sul-depot: 20ml/100kg P/ngay x 3-4 ngay.
5. Mua phat benh + TA.Neo.40: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3-4 ngay.
Benh co the xay ra quanh nam, ac biet vao mua nong am. + Amoxi-Coli.TA: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3-4 ngay.
134 135
11. Phong benh 4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
- Phai co chat on kho, sach, lot cang day cang tot. Benh co the xay ra bat c luc nao trong i gia cam. Tuy nhien
- Neu chan nuoi tha vn th phai thng xuyen thong cong ranh gia cam ang ln benh de bung phat hn va manh hn.
thoat nc, phai cuoc xi va rac voi san chi, ng i loi lai... Neu 5. Mua phat benh: Benh xay ra quanh nam.
chan nuoi chuong kn th phai tranh kh oc, chong am t. 6. Phng thc truyen lay
- Dung cu thiet b cung phai thng xuyen tieu oc bang viec Benh lay lan chu yeu qua tiep xuc trc tiep va qua ng
ngam nc voi, hoac xut, hoac Kresin... mieng.
- nh ky moi thang dung 3 ngay thuoc Ampi-coli. Thai hoac 7. Trieu chng
Amoxi- Coli. TA vi lieu 10g/100kg ga an/uong 1 ngay se tranh - Niem mac ng tieu hoa b viem hoai t ( gia cam ang ln
c s phat benh. thay ro hn gia cam trng thanh).
- Phu ne vung ham di, vung hau hong, vach mo ta thay ro
XII. BENH DO VI KHUAN HOAI T NG TIEU HOA VA niem mac mieng thc quan b viem hoai t.
HOAI T CHAN GIA CAM (NECROBACTERIOSIS AVIUM)
- Gia cam i ca nhac, tai 1 hoac ca 2 chan ta thay di ban
1. Gii thieu chan, ke ngon chan xuat hien cac am phu ne, hoai t hoac apxe,
Benh do vi khuan Fusobacterium necrophorum gay ra. ay la hoac b nt ne, tham ch chung phat trien thanh cac khoi u cuc
mot benh truyen lay, ac trng vi cac bieu hien hoai t ng ban chan, ke ngon va phan mat ca chan, ong chan. V au nen ga
tieu hoa va phan di cua chan gia cam. hay nam, li van ong, u ru va giam an, gay dan va suy kiet roi
Benh co ten la Necrobacillosis hoac Necrobacteriosis Avium. chet. Tuy nhien ty le chet khong cao t 1-10% tong an.
8. Benh tch
2. Nguyen nhan
- Benh tch la cac o viem hoai t ban chan, ke ngon chan va
Nguyen nhan gay benh la do mot loai vi khuan Gram dng
mat ca chan cung nh vung hau hong.
gay ra, di tac ong trc tiep cua cac yeu to ve sinh chan nuoi
- Khi mo kham con thay them cac o hoai t niem mac, thc
kem, ac biet la o am cua chat on cao, chuong nuoi co nhieu kh
quan, da day tuyen, da day c va ruot.
oc NH3, H2S, CO2 va cac chan thng da chan.
9. Chan oan
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
Da vao cac bieu hien lam sang, benh tch co the chan oan
- Ga, ga Tay, vt, ngan, ngong nuoi de b benh. c benh, nhng xet nghiem tm thay can nguyen Fusobacterium
- Cac loai hoang cam mang mam benh nhng rat t khi mac benh. necrophorum la ieu can thiet.
136 137
10. ieu tr XIII. BENH TU CAU KHUAN GIA CAM (STAPHYLOCOC-
Phai tien hanh bien phap tong hp trong ieu tr mi thu c COSIS AVIUM)
ket qua tot. 1. Gii thieu
- Cho gia cam an thc an giau am va vitamin A, Mn, Zn, Mg, Benh do tu cau khuan gia cam luon la mot benh truyen nhiem
Cholin, Selen. cap tnh nhiem trung huyet gia cam non hoac the man tnh viem da
hoai t hoac viem khp gia cam ang ln hoac a trng thanh.
- Kh trung ng tieu hoa bang viec cho uong: T. Metrion: 5
- 10ml pha vao 1 lt nc cho ga uong t do thay nc (sang uong 2. Nguyen nhan
lien tuc 2 gi, chieu uong lien tuc 2 gi), lien tuc 3-4 ngay hoac - Benh do tu cau co ten Staphylococcus areus Gram dng gay ra.
1 thuoc tm KMnO4 uong trong 2 gi/ngay, lien tuc 3-4 ngay. - Nhng do ay la mot loai vi khuan c hoi, nen benh ch xay ra
khi co cac ieu kien stress gay hai thuc ay, v the benh khong co
- Cho an benh an mot trong cac loai thuoc sau:
tnh dch cao, ma ch xay ra trong pham vi hep, lac ac, le te.
+ Ampi-Coli.Thai
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
+ Amoxi-Coli.TA Tat ca cac loai gia cam nuoi va hoang cam eu co the mac benh.
+ Sutrim.NT 4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
+ T.Coryzin... - The nhiem trung huyet gia cam non 1- 2 tuan tuoi.
Cac loai thuoc tren c s dung vi lieu 15-20g/100kg ga/ - The viem da hoai t hoac viem khp gia cam trng thanh
ngay, dung lien tuc 4 ngay la khoi. sau 2 tuan tuoi tr len.
11. Phong benh 5. Mua phat benh: Benh co the xay ra quanh nam.
- Phai giu gn ve sinh chan nuoi tot: am, kho, thoang. 6. ng truyen lay: Qua an uong va ho hap (truyen ngang).
- Phai thng xuyen thay chat on, tranh NH3, H2S, CO2. 7. Trieu chng
7.1. The cap tnh nhiem trung huyet gia cam non
- C 3 tuan cho uong 1 lan thuoc tm hoac T. Metrion nh neu
- Benh co thi ky u benh trung bnh t 2-6 ngay.
phan ieu tr.
- Benh xay ra het sc ot ngot:
- Thc an phai u chat, ac biet la vitamin A va cac khoang
chat nh Mn, Zn, Cholin va Selen thong qua viec bo sung 6g + Sot cao, u ru, buon ngu, 2 canh sa xuong.
Super-Vitamin hoac Doxyvit-Thai cho 1kg thc an, cho an lien + Li van ong, hay nam.
tuc t 1-40 ngay tuoi. + Viem m mat, viem ron, bo an va chet.
138 139
7.2. The viem da hoai t hoac viem khp Cac loai thuoc tren dung lien tuc 3 ngay la khoi.
- The viem da (xem cac bieu hien Benh viem da hoai t) va - ga ln ta co the dung mot trong cac loai thuoc sau ay e
viem khp, khp sng to, nong, au va gia cam b que, i ca nhac, tiem bap:
neu khong ieu tr kp thi khp viem se thoai hoa thanh tat, chung + Linco-gen.LA: tiem bap 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay.
i lai kho khan ca i.
+ T. Gastron: tiem bap 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay.
8. Mo kham
+ T. Amoxigen: 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay.
8.1. The nhiem trung huyet
+ T. Amoxicol: 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay.
- Cac c quan gan, lach, than eu sng to, co mau tham v thoai hoa.
+ Ceftiofur: 1g pha 20ml/100kg P/lan/ngay
- en 5-6 ngay, tham ch 7-10 ngay tuoi ma long o van cha
tieu het, co mau xanh vang. Cac thuoc tren phai tiem 3 ngay lien tuc benh se khoi.
- Viem ron. 11. Phong benh
8.2. The viem da hoai t hoac viem khp - Chu y cac khau ve sinh chan nuoi thu y phai c thc hien
- Cac bien oi da hoan toan giong nh benh viem da hoai t. nghiem tuc trc khi a gia cam vao nuoi um.
- Cac khp b viem sng to, cha nhieu dch vang ac. - Thng xuyen thay chat on e gi cho chuong nuoi kho rao,
thong thoang, t kh oc.
9. Chan oan
- The nhiem trung huyet kho chan oan ung benh, bi cac - Khong dung thc an am moc.
trieu chng va benh tch de nham vi bach l (pho thng han). XIV. BENH LIEN CAU KHUAN GA (STREPTOCOCCOSIS
- Nhng the viem da hoai t hoac viem khp th co the chan GALLINARUM)
oan de dang. 1. Gii thieu
- e khang nh benh can phan lap can nguyen Staphylococcus Benh lien cau khuan la mot benh truyen nhiem cap, man va
aureus. the an tnh ga ln tuoi, do mot loai vi khuan c hoi Gram dng
10. ieu tr co ten Streptococcus zooepidemicus gay ra, di tac ong thuc ay
- Benh ga s sinh de dang c ieu tr khoi bi 1 trong cac cua cac yeu to stress co hai.
loai thuoc sau: 2. Nguyen nhan
+ Ampicoli.Thai: 20g/100kg the trong (an hoac uong)/ngay. Streptococcus zooepidemicus la mot loai vi khuan c hoi, Gram
+ Amoxicoli.TA: 20g/100kg the trong (an hoac uong)/ngay. dng, no la nguyen nhan chu yeu gay ra benh, tuy nhien benh
+ T. Umgiaca: 20g/100kg the trong (an hoac uong)/ngay. ch xay ra khi co cac yeu to stress bat li thuc ay.
140 141
3. Loai gia cam mac benh - Gan sng to, tren be mat co xuat huyet iem hoac am xuat
Benh chu yeu xay ra ga va cac loai cung noi. huyet ang chuyen sang giai oan hoai t.
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh - Lach sng to, viem buong trng, ong dan trng.
Ga ang ln manh, ga trng thanh va ga sinh san de mac 8.2. The man hoac an tnh
benh nhat. - Ga gay roc
5. Mua phat benh: Benh co the xay ra quanh nam. - Viem c tim. Mang bao tim va mang bao gan cung b viem.
6. Phng thc truyen lay: Qua an uong la chnh. - Viem xuat huyet Fibrin ong dan trng.
7. Trieu chng 9. Chuan oan
7.1. The cap tnh - Co the chan oan c benh nh co ac iem dch te, lam
- U ru, xu long, hay nam. sang va benh tch.
- Sot cao, giam hoac bo an, mao tch tham tm. - Tuy nhien phai phan lap can nguyen e khang nh benh.
- Gay sut nhanh, giam hoac tat e. 10. ieu tr
- Tieu chay phan vang roi chet, phan vang bam ay long xung Viec ieu tr benh do lien cau khuan hoan toan giong nh ieu
quanh hau mon. tr benh do tu cau khuan gay ra (xem va thc hien phan ieu tr cua
7.2. The man tnh hoac an benh benh do tu cau khuan).
- Cac bieu hien khong ien hnh:
11. Phong benh
+ Xay ra lac ac, le te mot so ga hoac ay la the benh Cac bien phap phong benh cung giong nh benh do tu cau
nhng ga song sot t the cap tnh.
khuan gia cam.
+ Xu long, hay nam, tieu chay phan vang.
XV. BENH LAO GIA CAM (TUBERCULOSIS AVIUM)
+ Gay sut, giam e.
1. Gii thieu
+ Benh keo dai 5-7 ngay roi phan ong ga benh t khoi.
Lao la mot benh truyen nhiem man tnh nguy hiem khong
8. Mo kham nhng ngi, gia suc ma con gia cam va hoang cam, ac
8.1. The cap trng vi s hnh thanh cac o lao trong cac c quan noi tang, do
- Da co mau hong o. mot loai vi khuan c hoi gram am co ten Bacterium Tuberculosum
- C ui cung co mau o hn bnh thng. hay Mycobacterium avium gay ra.
142 143
2. Nguyen nhan - Benh luon the man, rat t khi the cap tnh vi cac trieu
- Vi khuan Mycobacterium avium co 3 typ huyet thanh 1, 2, 3, chng chu yeu nh sau:
ca 3 typ nay eu co the gay ra benh lao. + Gia cam om hay nam, li van ong.
- Tuy nhien cac yeu to stress co hai gay giam sc e khang cho + Luc au gia cam an uong hoan toan bnh thng, nhng ve
gia cam lai co vai tro to ln e benh hnh thanh va phat trien. Bi sau khi gan chet th giam an va bo an.
vi khuan lao la mot loai vi khuan c hoi, oi khi chung ky sinh + Gia cam cham ln va gay dan.
trong c the ma khong gay ra benh, vi khuan lao co sc e khang + Mao, tch, da nht nhat thieu mau, vang.
rat tot oi vi cac yeu to ngoai canh, chung ton tai va lu hanh
+ Cac niem mac hoac mang bao cung nht nhat hoac vang nhat.
rong rai ngoai thien nhien, v the benh lao kha pho bien gia cam
va ong vat. + Gia cam tieu chay that thng trong giai oan au, ve sau
tieu chay keo dai va lien tuc cho en luc chet.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
+ Neu lao xam nhap vao khp vao xng se thay mot so con
- Tat ca cac loai gia cam nuoi va hoang cam eu co the mac benh.
i ca nhac.
- Tuy nhien gia cam nuoi de mac benh hn hoang cam.
+ Gan chet cac o lao co the tao thanh khoi u va chung ta co the
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh s nan c qua thanh bung.
Tat ca cac la tuoi gia cam eu co the nhiem vi khuan lao, + Gia cam benh luc nay rat gay va chet do suy kiet.
nhng do benh co thi ky u benh rat dai, v the benh thng thay
+ gia cam sinh san ta thay chung b giam va tat e, ty le ap
gia cam ln tuoi a trng thanh.
n giam rat manh.
5. ng truyen lay 7. Mo kham
- Benh co the lay lan trc tiep hoac gian tiep qua ng mieng - C the suy kiet, teo c, gia cam gay roc.
va ho hap (truyen ngang)
- Mao, tch kho, quan va thieu mau.
- Benh khong truyen doc t me sang con. Tuy nhien mot so tac
- Da nht nhat oi khi co mau vang.
gia cha hoan toan ong y vi ket luan nay.
- Mang bao cac c quan cung nht nhat va co mau vang xam.
6. Mua phat benh
- Cac o lao tao thanh cac khoi u vi be mat go ghe, kch thc
Benh co the xay ra quanh nam nhng thng phat vao mua ret,
rat khac nhau, khi s nan thay kha ran chac, khi cat oi khoi u
ma phun, gio bac...
o ta thay ro lat cat co mau vang nga. Cac khoi u o gan, phoi,
7. Trieu chng lach, ruot, ong dan trng, tinh hoan, tuyen c, than, buong trng,
- Thi ky u benh rat dai t 2-12 thang. c tim, da day c va da day tuyen...
144 145
- ga cac o lao thng thay nhat phoi. CHNG IV
- Mot so thay khp b sng to.
BENH DO KY SINH TRUNG
8. Chan oan
- Benh lao gia cam de dang chan oan c qua cac ac iem I. BENH CAU TRUNG GA (COCCIDIOSIS AVIUM,
ve dch te, lam sang va benh tch. COCCIDIOSIS GALLINARUM)
- Nhng e khang nh benh can phai phan lap c can nguyen 1. Nguyen nhan
hoac bang phan ng d ng thong qua Tubercubin tiem di da
- Benh do 9 chung cau trung gay ra, trong o co 6 chung thng
9. ieu tr
gap nhat, gay ra cau trung manh trang, cau trung ruot non, cau
Benh lao co the ieu tr khoi, tuy nhien viec ieu tr phai tien
trung ruot gia phu thuoc vao ni chung khu tru...
hanh trong mot thi gian rat dai va khong cho ket qua chac chan.
Tot nhat nen tieu huy triet e nham khong cho benh phat tan lay - E. Tenela ky sinh ruot tha, E. Acervulina ky sinh ta trang, E.
lan ra dien rong. Necaltrix ky sinh ruot non nhng khong co ta trang, E. Mitis -
10. Phong benh cuoi ruot non, au ruot gia; E. Bruneti - ruot gia va manh trang;
Cong tac phong benh lao het sc phc tap v ta phai tien hanh E. Praecox ta trang va khong trang E. Haeami - ta trang; E.
ong bo nhieu viec va lam i lam lai nhieu lan. Maxima ruot non nhng khong ta trang; E. Mivati ky sinh ta
+ Tieu huy an gia cam nghi mac lao la bien phap toi u nhat. trang va ruot non.
+ Ve sinh c hoc trong va ngoai chuong, trong va ngoai khu - Ca 9 chung cau trung eu la cac loai n bao ky sinh trong
chan nuoi, x ly tot chat thai, tien hanh diet chuot, tr con trung cac te bao niem mac ruot, pha huy cau truc ruot, gay chay mau
nhieu lan va thng xuyen. va tao ieu kien cho cac vi khuan co c hoi gay ra nhieu benh th
+ Kh trung, tieu oc 3 lan cach nhau 1 tuan bang 2% foocmon phat khac, ac biet la E. coli gay bai huyet.
hoac 3% PVP. Iodine toan bo khu chan nuoi, ke ca cac dung cu 2. Tuoi ga b benh
thiet b trc khi a gia cam vao nuoi phai quet voi, kh trung lan
- Tat ca cac la tuoi ga eu co the nhiem benh, tuy nhien ga
na, chu trong x ly dung cu thiet b may moc trc khi dung.
t 6-60 ngay tuoi thng mac nhat, ac biet nghiem trong ga t
15-50 ngay tuoi.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
- Ga, vt, ngan, ngong va cung noi, nhng vt, ngan va ngong
se gii thieu trieu chng, benh tch trong mot benh rieng.
146 147
4. Mua phat benh Benh de dang c ieu tr khoi bang mot trong cac phac
Benh xay ra khong phu thuoc vao mua kh hau. o sau:
5. Phng thc truyen lay: Qua ng mieng. * Phac o 1
6. Trieu chng lam sang - T. Eimerin hoac Costop.TA: 20g
- Thi ky u benh keo dai t 4-6 ngay. - Gluco K.C.B2: 100g
- Benh cau trung ga co 3 the bieu hien mang tnh thuan nghch. - Super-Vitamin: 20g
Cap tnh man tnh an benh (mang trung) va ngc lai tuy
3 loai thuoc nay pha lan vi nhau trong 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg
thuoc vao chung loai, so lng cau trung va tuoi ga mac benh.
ga uong/ngay, dung 3 ngay la khoi.
- Luc au ga ot nhien uong nhieu nc, sinh a chay.
* Phac o 2
- Phan luc au loang toan nc cha cam khong tieu, sau mot
vai ngay chuyen sang sap nau phan song roi lan mau (gn mau) va - Super-Cox hoac Anti-Cox: 20g
cuoi cung phan toan mau. - Gluco K.C.B2: 100g
- T ay ga gay roc nhanh, thieu mau: mao, da nht nhat. - Doxyvit Thai: 20g
- Xu long, canh sa xuong sat nen, ng le loi mat nham nghien, hoac 3 loai thuoc nay pha lan vi nhau trong 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg
nam tum ong keu khac la bo an va chet do mat mau va kiet sc. ga uong/ngay, dung 3 ngay la khoi.
7. Mo kham * Phac o 3
- Ga gay, t, thieu mau.
- T. Eimerin: 10g
- Manh trang cha toan mau.
- Anticoxi: 10g
- Ruot non viem xuat huyet iem tran lan va cung cha nhieu mau.
- Gluco K.C.B2: 100g
8. ieu tr
- Cac thuoc ac tr gom: - Super-Vitamin: 20g
+ T. Eimerin (cau trung Nam Thai) 4 loai thuoc nay pha lan vi nhau trong 15-20 lt nc cho ga
+ Super-Cox uong trong 1 ngay, uong lien tuc 3 ngay la khoi.
+ Anticoxi-TH * Cac phac o ieu tr tren eu co the ap dung ieu tr cau
+ Thai Cox trung cho cut, chim cau va thuy cam.
+ Costop-TA 9. Phong benh
+ Anti-Cox - Gi cho chuong nuoi luon kho rao, sach se.
148 149
- T ngay th 10 tr i oi vi nhng ai nuoi gia cam la au than roi sau o khong lau ga benh cung se chet. Neu khong ieu
hoac t ngay th 6 tr i oi vi nhng gia nh a nuoi nhieu la tr kp thi ty le chet len en 100% trong vai ba ngay.
gia cam trc o la phai dung mot trong cac loai thuoc ac tr neu 7. Mo kham
tren vi lieu phong bang 1/2 lieu cha (10g/100kg P ga), dung
- Xac ga rat beo tot, tht trang bnh thng.
lien tuc 3 ngay, ngh 3-4 ngay roi lap lai cho en 45 ngay tuoi oi
- Co mot so ga thay mau ti dnh hau mon.
vi ga, vt, ngan sieu tht va en 50 ngay oi vi gia cam hng
trng hoac kiem dung se khong che c benh. Tuy nhien v mot - Khi mo ra thay ruot non va manh trang phnh to, nhn qua
ly do nao o ma benh no ra th ta tang gap oi lieu phong e ieu mang ruot thay lo o not o, not trang, khi bo oi ruot ra xem thay
tr, tot nhat la dung thuoc ieu tr nen khac vi thuoc a dung vao cha toan mau.
muc ch ieu tr se cho ket qua tot hn. - Cac c quan noi tang khac bnh thng.

II. BENH CAU TRUNG GHEP COLI BAI HUYET GA A RA 8. ieu tr


MAU TI - Muc tieu cua cong viec ieu tr la han che toi a so ga chet
1. Nguyen nhan bang cach nhanh chong thc hien hai bc sau ay theo so lng
- Do cac chung cau trung pha v niem mac ruot, tao c hoi cho va trong lng ga:
E. coli co yeu to bam dnh va sinh oc to ket hp gay benh. Benh * Vi an ga co so lng t, trong lng ga a ln
luon xuat hien the qua cap hoac cap tnh. Bc 1: Tiem bap
2. Tuoi ga mac benh - Vitamin B1 2,5%: 15ml
- Benh co the xay ra ga t 15-60 ngay tuoi, nhng benh thng - Vitamin C 5%: 15ml
xuyen xuat hien va nang nhat ga t 15-45 ngay tuoi. - T.C.K hoac Kanamycin 10%: 25-30ml
3. Loai gia cam mac benh: Ga va cac loai cung noi. - Vitamin K 1%: 15ml
4. Mua phat benh: Benh ghep nay co the xay ra quanh nam. Tat ca 4 loai thuoc tren pha lan roi tiem ngay cho 100kg ga 1
5. Phng thc truyen lay: Qua ng mieng va ho hap. lan/ngay, tiem 3 ngay.
6. Trieu chng Bc 2: Cho uong 1 trong 3 phac o ieu tr benh cau trung
an ga ang khoe manh, beo tot, an uong bnh thng th bong nguyen phat. Xem va lam theo nh a ghi benh cau trung lien
nhien co mot so ga a toet ra mau ti hoan toan, sau vai gi mac tuc 3 ngay se khong nhng cha khoi nhanh mot cach hoan chnh
benh ga se chet. Neu cha chet th phan chuyen sang en x nh ga benh, ma con giam ty le chet en mc toi a.
150 151
* Vi an ga co so lng ln, trong lng moi con lai qua be ta 3. Loai gia cam mac benh
khong the tiem theo bc 1 c, luc o thuoc nc tiem cua bc Ga, ga Tay, ngan, vt, ngong, chim cut, chim cau.
1 va ng Gluco K.C.B2 va Super-Vitamin (hay Doxyvit) cua 4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
bc 2 ta pha lan vao 20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong. Con thuoc
Tat ca cac la tuoi eu co the nhiem va mac benh.
ac tr cau trung dang bot ta tron lan eu vao cam cho ga, chia 4-5
5. Phng thc truyen lay
lan an/ngay, dung 3 ngay la khoi.
- Qua ng an uong.
Chu y:
- Qua con trung hut mau.
- Phai e mang uong xuong sat nen.
- gia suc va ngi benh co the truyen doc t me sang con qua
- Cho ga an cam tron thuoc phai theo nguyen tac cho an t mot
bao thai, con c truyen cho con cai qua tinh dch
lam nhieu lan trong ngay.
- Ky chu cuoi cung la meo.
9. Phong benh
6. Trieu chng
- Hoan toan giong benh cau trung.
- Ga ot nhien bo an, long xu, mao nht nhat va quan lai, tut
- Can tranh cac yeu to stress, nhat la ng e ga oi qua ba
xuong, sot cao, uong nhieu nc.
hoac khat qua 2 gi.
- oi khi phu ne m mat hoac mu mat giong nh benh so mui
- a co vacxin phong cau trung nhng hieu qua con rat thap nen
truyen nhiem.
cha c chap nhan rong rai.
- Ga om met la, i khong vng, run ray.
III. BENH N BAO PHU TANG - TOXOPLASMOSIS
- Tieu chay phan trang xanh.
AVIUM
- au va co ngheo sang ben hoac xoan van xuong di bung
1. Gii thieu
hoac ra sau lng, ga gay roc nhanh va chet rat giong iem nay
- Benh n bao phu tang la mot benh ky sinh trung nguy hiem benh Newcastle.
thng gap gia cam, gia suc va ngi do mot loai n bao
- ga e: giam e manh.
Toxoplasma gondii thuoc nganh Protozoa gay ra vi cac trieu
chng mat, cac bieu hien than kinh va suy a phu tang. 7. Mo kham
- C the gay.
2. Nguyen nhan
Toxoplasma Gondii la nguyen nhan gay nen benh n bao - C tim b viem thoai hoa, nhao.
phu tang, no thc chat thuoc nhom cau trung ho Isosporia loai - Gan sng to co nhieu iem hoai t vang nga xanh.
Toxoplasma. - Lach cung sng to va oi khi co cac iem hoai t nh gan.
152 153
- ng tieu hoa b viem tiet dch xuat huyet: thng thay da 9. Phong benh
day tuyen, ta trang va ruot non. - Phai co bien phap ngan chan ga khong c tiep xuc vi
8. ieu tr meo, cho, ong vat gam nham nh chuot.
- Benh de dang c ieu tr khoi bang mot trong cac loai thuoc - Nghiem chnh chap hanh cac noi dung cua chan nuoi an toan
sau: sinh hoc.
+ T. Coryzin: 1,5-2g/lt nc, cho ga uong lien tuc 3-4 ngay. IV. BENH TIEU CHAY PHAN VANG DO TRUNG ROI
+ Super-Cox: 20g/100kg P/an hoac uong/ngay, lien tuc 4 ngay. (TRICHOMONOSIS, TRICHOMONIASIS AVIUM)
+ Anti-Coxi-TH: 20g/100kg P/an hoac uong/ngay lien tuc 4 ngay. 1. Gii thieu
+ Costop-Ta: 20g/100kg P/an hoac uong/ngay, lien tuc 3-4 ngay. Benh tieu chay phan vang la mot benh truyen nhiem, lay lan
+ Anti-cox: 3ml/lt nc cho uong lien tuc 3-4 ngay. manh gia cam va thuy cam do mot loai trung roi co ten khoa hoc
+ Thai-Cox: 3ml/lt nc, uong lien tuc 3 ngay. la Trichomonas rat pho bien ga, vt, ngan, ngong, ga Tay nuoi
cung nh hoang cam, gay nhieu thiet hai ve kinh te cho ngi
- Cac loai thuoc mi sau ay to ra rat hieu nghiem
chan nuoi. nc ta co rat t tai lieu thong bao ve benh nay. Rieng
+ Sul-depot: 1ml/lt nc uong lien tuc 3 ngay em la khoi
2 nam 2010 va 2011 chung toi - Le Van Nam va cong s a quan
+ Sutrim.NT: 1g/lt nc uong lien tuc 3-4 ngay la khoi. sat thay benh ang bung phat manh me nhng a phng chan
Neu benh nang ta phai dung Spyracin.Thai e tiem bap 1ml/5kg nuoi ga, vt, ngan tap trung tha vn tai mot so tnh pha Bac Viet
P/lan/ngay, tiem 3 ngay la khoi. Nam. Cung theo tac gia tren co ti 57% so an gia cam b nhiem
- Ngi chan nuoi co the s dung ca 2 loai thuoc cho uong va benh, ty le om rat cao va ty le t vong len ti tren 70% ga benh.
thuoc tiem e benh nhanh khoi bang cach: Mot trong nhng ly do t vong cao la do ngi chan nuoi khong
Dung mot trong cac loai thuoc uong hoac an vi lieu phong va biet g ve benh nay, cac can bo thu y cung cha c trang b ay
ong thi dung Spyracin.Thai e tiem bap vi lieu 1ml/5kg P/lan/ u kien thc. Mot so thuoc ac tr a b cam, tat ca nhng ly do
ngay, tiem 3 ngay la khoi. neu tren c bo gon trong mot pham tru benh do Trichomonas.
V du: Thc s ay la benh cu ngi, mi ta, bi tren the gii ngi ta
+ Lay Super-cox 10g hoac Anti- Coxi hoac Sutrim - NT tron a phat hien ra benh nay trc ay hang tram nam.
thc an hoac pha nc cho 100kg P an/uong trong mot ngay, dung 2. Nguyen nhan
3 ngay. Trichomonas - trung roi la mot loai n bao thuoc nganh
+ Lay Spyracin. Thai tiem bap 1ml/5kg P/ngay x 3 ngay la khoi benh. nguyen sinh ong vat (Protozoa), ho trung roi (Trichomonadidae),
154 155
ho trung roi (Trichomonas), co 2 loai trung roi: loai trung roi ruot 6.1. The cap tnh
non co 4 roi (Trichomonas gallinae) chung gay benh cho ga, ga The benh nay thng xuat hien gia cam ang ln en 5-6
tay, vt, ngan, ngong, chim cau va mot so hoang cam khac. thang tuoi vi cac trieu chng:
Loai trung roi ruot gia co 5 roi (Trichomonas gallinarum) chung - Sot cao, u ru, xu long, chan an, chay nhieu nc mat.
cung ky sinh tat ca cac loai gia cam, thuy cam nuoi va hoang cam. - Sa canh, ng rut co, mat nham nghien hoac nam tum ong,
3. Loai gia cam mac benh vi s tien trien benh ta thay chung con b liet chan, liet canh, ac
- Tat ca cac loai gia suc ke ca ngi eu co the mac benh. biet la thuy cam.
- Tat ca cac loai gia cam, thuy cam nuoi va hoang cam eu mac - Tieu chay manh, phan loang vang. Neu trung roi ky sinh trong
benh. niem mac vung hong, hau th ta thay them hi th ra co mui thoi
kho chu. Chung kho th nen thng rn dai co roi ha to mom ht
- Tuy trung roi co 2 chung c ban nh a neu phan nguyen
kh hoac d au vao co e nuot. Neu vach mo ta thay tren niem
nhan nhng khi chung gay benh th c mang cac ten khac nhau.
mac vung hau hong xuat hien cac not san vang trang t co o ln
V du:
t 0,5-2mm.
+ Khi gay benh cho ga th co ten Trichomonas gallinarum.
Khi trung roi ky sinh trong cac c quan noi tang th benh se co
+ Khi gay benh cho vt th chung mang ten Trichomonas anatis. cac bieu hien cua nhiem trung huyet. Mo kham luc nay ta thay ro
+ Khi gay benh cho ngong th chung mang ten Trichomonas anseris. viem xuat huyet da day - ruot va viem hoai t gan - ruot rat giong
... cac bien oi cua benh viem gan-ruot truyen nhiem hay con goi la
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh benh au en ga va ga Tay.
Tat ca cac la tuoi eu co the nhiem va mac benh, tuy nhien gia 6.2. The man tnh
cam, thuy cam ang ln b benh nang nhat. ay la the benh thng gap gia cam, thuy cam ln tuoi (tren 6
5. Phng thc truyen lay thang tuoi) vi cac bieu hien giong nh the cap tnh nhng vi mc
o nhe hn. ac biet khi vach hau mon e kham xet ta se thay co
- Benh lay lan chu yeu qua ng mieng (an, uong).
mot mang gia a va ang Cazein hoa (ba au) trang vang bao phu
- ong vat co vu va ngi benh co the lay qua ng sinh duc
va an sau vao tan cac lp thanh mac (mucose) va di lp thanh
qua giao phoi.
mac (Submucose) neu chung ta boc tach lp mang nay ra se thay
6. Trieu chng benh gia cam cac iem loet chay mau lo huyet. vung hau hong cung quan sat
- Thi ky u benh t 6-15 ngay. thay co nhieu not san trang vang ang b Cazein hoa. gia cam e
- Benh co 2 the bieu hien trng ta thay giam e manh.
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- ga con benh co the gay chet khoang 70%/tong an. tr benh tieu chay phan vang do trung roi Trichomonas.
- ga Tay benh tap trung ng ruot va co the gay chet 70- Cac thuoc hien nay gom:
80% tren tong an. - Anti-Protozon (cau ky 100)
- vt, ngan, ngong con ta con thay ngoai cac bieu hien ng - Osarsal
tieu hoa, con co them cac trieu chng than kinh: liet va ban liet - Novarsene
chan canh, nen chung i ca nhac hoac hay nam, khi xua uoi th
- Nithiazid
hay b nga. Ty le chet cung rat cao 60-70% tren tong an.
- T.Flox.C
7. Mo kham
- T.Avibracin
- Tren be mat niem mac mieng, hong, hau, thanh quan, thc
quan, dieu va da day tuyen co nhieu not san vang trang hoai t - Macavet
hoac c phu mot lp mang gia mau vang trang ang b Cazein - Hepaton
hoa (ba au) tham ch khoi ba au nay lam ay thc quan va da * Phac o 1:
day tuyen. - Tiem bap: T. Avibracin: 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay
- gan, lach va mot so c quan noi tang khac oi khi co cac - Cho uong:
o viem hoai t loi len vi mau vang nga hoac c bao phu mot + Hepaton hoac T.Flox C: 20g
mang gia.
+ Giai oc gan, than, lach TA: 40g
- Phoi b viem lo o, tuy cung b viem, buong trng cung b viem.
+ T.Cum gia suc: 20g
- Viem phuc mac va mang bao tim.
Tron thc an hoac pha vao 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg gia cam an/
- Ruot b viem xuat huyet va hoai t loet. uong/ngay, dung 3-4 ngay la khoi.
- vt, ngan viem ong dan trng va phuc mac la thng gap nhat. * Phac o 2
8. Chan oan Cho an:
- Benh de dang c nhan biet thong qua cac so lieu ve ac - Sutrim-NT hoac T.Coryzin: 20g
iem dch te, trieu chng lam sang va benh tch mo kham. - T. Cum gia suc hoac Anti-Gum: 100g
- Song e phan biet vi benh au en ga hoac do Histomonas noi - Giai oc gan TA.Sorbitol+B12: 100g
chung can xet nghiem phan e tm thay Trichomonas ang di chuyen.
Tron eu vi 10-15kg thc an cho lam 4-5 lan cho 100kg gia
9. ieu tr can an trong 1 ngay, dung lien tuc 4-5 ngay (Neu benh nang co the
Tat ca cac thuoc ac tr benh do Histomonas eu la thuoc ac dung gap ri).
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10. Phong benh + Dang sinh dng cac ton thng ruot, gan (the phan lap va
- Phai gi ung nguyen tac chan nuoi: giao t).
+ Khong nuoi chung cac loai gia cam vi thuy cam. + Dang li thng dnh vi nhau tao ra cac the li va hp bao
gan.
+ Khong nuoi gia cam, thuy cam khac la tuoi cung nhau.
+ Dang hnh roi trong long ruot tha va nga ba hoi manh trang.
+ Thng xuyen tay ue dung cu thiet b chuong trai va gi sach
nguon nc uong. 3. Loai gia cam mac benh
Ga Tay, ga nuoi (ga ta, ga cong nghiep) va mot so hoang cam
+ C 20 ngay cho an gia cam hoac thuy cam uong thuoc tm
cung noi.
hoac Sulfat ong 1 lan, lieu lng, cach dung nh Benh au en
(xem va lam theo nh a ghi Benh au en). 4. Phng thc truyen lay
- Benh truyen lay qua ng an uong, bi thc an, nc uong,
V. BENH VIEM GAN - RUOT TRUYEN NHIEM GA, BENH
chat on, moi trng b nhiem trng giun kim Heterakis galline a
AU EN, BENH KEN RUOT THA (HEPATO-ENTERITIS
cha mam benh, sau khi ga b nhiem va qua qua trnh phat trien
GALLINARUM, BLACK HEAD, HISTOMONOSIS AVIUM)
ga lai thai mam benh ra moi trng ben ngoai qua 2 cach: qua
1. Gii thieu trng giun kim va trc tiep qua phan.
Benh viem gan ruot truyen nhiem co ten khoa hoc la Hepato- - Ra moi trng ben ngoai trng giun kim lai b giun at an
enteritis hay con goi la benh au en - Black head, hay benh va can nguyen c bao ton trong giun at rat lau, ga lai an giun
Histomonosis avium. ay la mot benh ky sinh trung mi c PGS. at va lai tai nhiem. ay la nguyen do sau xa e benh au en
TS. Le Van Nam phat hien Viet Nam nam 2010, do mot loai n lu cu trong thi gian rat dai tai c s chan nuoi, la l do c ban
bao Histomonas Meleagridis gay ra, lam thiet hai ln cho chan nuoi e ga b tai nhiem va benh c lap i lap lai sau khi a c ieu
ga tha vn bi benh gay chet ti tren 80% so ga nuoi. tr khoi.
2. Nguyen nhan 5. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
- Nguyen nhan gay benh la mot loai n bao co ten Histomonas - T sau 2 tuan en 3-4 thang tuoi, nhng Viet Nam ga sau 5
Meleagridis thuoc nganh Protozoa, ho Tripanosomatidae, giong thang van mac benh, theo Le Van Nam th tuoi ga cang cao benh
Histomonas, loai Histomonas Meleagridis va H. Wenrichi. cang nang (2-5 thang tuoi).
- Chung ky sinh niem mac ruot tha va trong cac te bao gan. 6. Trieu chng
- Chung co 4 dang ton tai: - ay la benh ac thu cua ga va ga Tay nuoi theo phng thc
+ Dang xam nhiem manh trang (ruot tha) (the phan lap). tap trung tha vn.
160 161
- Benh xuat hien va mc o benh phu thuoc vao tuoi ga va ieu 7. Mo kham
kien ve sinh moi trng. 7.1. Bien oi ruot tha (manh trang)
- Thi ky u benh dai: t 7-28 ngay. - Mot trong hai ruot tha hoac ca 2 eu phnh rat to, dai hn
- Benh co 2 the bieu hien cap tnh va man tnh. bnh thng, mau sac va o an hoi thay oi.
6.1. The qua cap va cap tnh - Be mat ben trong long ruot san sui cha chat lan nhieu mau loang,
- Benh xay ra ot ngot: ga bo an, u ru, xu long, sot rat cao tren nht nh mau ca rat giong cau trung, sau o chuyen sang vang xam,
44 C, ruc au vao nach canh ng run hoac tm cho co anh sang,
0 thanh ruot tha b viem hoai t, xuat huyet va tang sinh nen rat day
co nhiet e si (mac du tri rat nong). lam cho ruot tha ngay cang ran chac, cac chat cha b canxi hoa ong
quanh co mau trang tao thanh 1 loi vi cac nep ngang rat giong ken
- Tieu chay luc au loang vang nhieu bot, sau o chuyen sang tam. V the ngi chan nuoi goi la Benh ken ruot.
lan mau rat giong benh cau trung vai ba ngay (sau khi ngi chan
- Do niem mac ruot tha b viem loet nang, tham ch b thung,
nuoi dung thuoc tr cau trung) th phan chuyen sang thanh thoi nau
nen cac chat viem tran vao long bung gay viem dnh phuc mac.
o nhat nh gach non, cuoi cung ga a ra phan loang ac co mau
- Mot trong 2 hoac ca 2 ruot tha dnh chat vao cac c quan noi
trang l l nh nc vo gao ac hoac nh nc chao loang.
tang, thanh ruot tha moi ngay mot day len lam cho lo ruot rat be
- Da mep, da vung au roi ca mao tch co mau xam nhat dan va ruot tha tr thanh mot thoi ran chac.
dan chuyen sang xam xanh (nhn ro nhat ga Tay), hoac xam xanh
7.2. Bien oi gan
tham, co le t ay benh co ten la benh au en (Black Head).
- Gan sng to gap 2-3 lan, mem nhun va nhn thay 2 qua trnh
Ga bo an nen rat gay, do ret nen thng thay chung run hoac co bien oi ac trng: luc au gan b viem xuat huyet lam cho be mat
giat, luc nay than nhiet xuong di mc bnh thng va ga se chet gan lo cho co hnh hoa cuc, sau o cac iem xuat huyet nay tao ra
trong 1-2 ngay ti. Luc au chung chet rai rac vao em, sau tang cac o viem loet hoai t thanh cac o ba au mau trang to t hat ke
dan so chet va chet ca ban ngay. Neu khong c ieu tr ga se en hat ngo to, tham ch ng knh to 1-2cm, giong o lao hoac
chet len en 80-95% tong an. khoi u cua benh Marek.
6.2. The man tnh 8. ieu tr
- ay la the benh thng xay ra ga ln tuoi (tren 5 thang) - Benh au en de dang c ieu tr khoi bang mot trong cac
vi nhng bieu hien nh tren, nhng vi cng o benh nhe hn, phac o sau:
ty le chet t hn, benh keo dai le the hang thang, ga gay va giam * Phac o 1: lam 2 viec sau ay cung 1 luc:
manh nang suat chan nuoi, tuy nhien ty le chet khong cao, giao - Tiem bap vao nach canh T. Avibracin 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay x
ong 10-20%. 3 ngay.
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- Cho uong: T. Cum gia suc 20g, Hepaton hoac T.Flox.C: 20g, - C 10 - 20 ngay th san vn phai c quoc xi va rac voi 1 lan
Bo gan TA.Sorbitol+B12: 40g, Gluco.K.C.B2: 100g. hoac phun foocmon 2% e tieu diet giun at va kh trung san vn.
Cac loai thuoc tren pha vao 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong VI. BENH KY SINH TRUNG MAU - BENH MAU LOANG DO
ca ngay, dung lien tuc 4 ngay la khoi. LEUCOCYTOZOONE (LEUCOCYTOZOONOSIS AVIUM)
* Phac o 2 lam 2 viec sau ay cung 1 luc: 1. Gii thieu
- Tiem bap nach canh Macavet hoac Flodovet 1ml/7kg P/lan/ - Benh mau loang ngay nay rat pho bien, lay lan manh do mot
ngay, tiem 3 ngay. loai ky sinh trung trong mau co ten la Leucocytozoone gay ra, theo
- Cho uong: T.cum gia suc 20g, Hepaton hoac Anti-protozon hoac PGS. TS. Le Van Nam th 2 nam qua (2010, 2011) benh a va
Anti-CRD.LA 20g, Bo gan-than-lach.TA 40g, Gluco.C 100g. ang gay nhieu thiet hai cho ngi chan nuoi tap trung. Benh co
4 loai thuoc tren pha chung va 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong the gay chet en 70% ga ac biet la ga chan nuoi theo loi tap trung
trong 1 ngay, dung 4 ngay la khoi. cong nghiep.

* Phac o 3 Danh cho nhng an ga co so lng qua t th lam 2. Nguyen nhan


nh sau: - Nguyen nhan gay benh do mot loai n bao ky sinh thuoc
nganh Protozoa, song va phat trien trong mau, bo Haemosporina,
- Hepaton hoac Anti.CRD.LA: 15g
ho trung roi, loai Leucocytozoon.
- T.Flox.C: 15g
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
- T.Cum gia suc hoac Anti-Gum: 20g
- en nay ngi ta a thay 67 chung Leucocytozoon gay benh
- Bo gan-lach-than TA: 40g cho tren 100 loai gia cam, thuy cam nuoi va chim hoang. Co thong
4 loai thuoc tren pha chung vao 15-20 lt nc hoac cho 100kg tin benh nay co the lay sang ngi va gay chet ngi, v the cac
ga uong ca ngay, dung lien tuc 4 ngay la khoi. nc phat trien ngi ta rat chu trong cong tac phong chong.
9. Phong benh 4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
- Khong nuoi chung ga ta vi ga Tay. - Gia cam, thuy cam, co the mac benh bat c luc nao.
- T 20 ngay tuoi tr len phai cho uong thuoc tm 0,1% (KMnO4), - Tuoi gia cam, thuy cam cang cao en mot nam tuoi th cang
tc 1g thuoc tm pha vi 10 lt nc hoac Sulphat ong (CuSO4) vi ty de mac benh.
le 1g pha vao 10 lt nc cho ga uong trong vong 2h, neu tha phai o 5. Phng thc truyen lay
i. Sau o ky co ra sach mang uong, cho uong nc bnh thng. - Benh lan truyen chu yeu qua con mat, dn, muoi hut mau lam lay
- C 18-20 ngay th lai cho uong KMnO4 hoac CuSO4 mot lan. lan benh t ga nay sang ga khac, t chuong nay sang chuong khac.
164 165
- Moi mot con gia cam co the b nhiem vai ba chung ky sinh n va ga con n ra chet nhieu trong 3-5 ngay au tien.
trung Leucocytozoon. 7.3. The di cap
6. Mua phat benh - ay la the benh thng thay thuy cam vt, ngan va hoang cam.
Benh co tnh mua ro ret, lien quan chat che ti mua phat trien + Ho hen ro, sot li b keo dai, mao tch tham tm hoac tai nht.
cua muoi, dn, mat. + Tieu chay phan xanh let, oi khi xanh vang, giam hoac bo an.
7. Trieu chng: Benh co 4 the bieu hien: + Gay mon,thieu mau suy nhc va chet.
7.1. The qua cap 7.4. The man tnh
- Gia cam ot nhien ho hoac hat hi, hoc mau ti ra mieng, - ay la the benh hay con goi la the mang trung thng xuat
mui, mao tai nhat rat nhanh roi lan ung ra chet, chu yeu xay ra hien thuy cam nhieu hn ga vi cac bieu hien:
ga. + Sot ngat quang, giam bo an roi lai an.
7.2. The cap tnh + Luc tieu chay luc khong.
Thng xay ra ga nhieu hn thuy cam. + Gia cam ngai van ong, thieu mau nhng khong nh tre
- Sot rat cao 44 C, uong nhieu nc, tieu chay phan xanh vang,
0 hoat ong tm kiem thc an nen chung ch gay va t chet, chung la
xanh trang, luc lai xanh let nh la chuoi. nguon benh nguy hiem.
- Ga run ray v ret, i khong vng, mao tham, gay sut nhanh, xu 8. Mo kham
long, au ruc vao canh tm cho am e si (di bong en hoac - Gia cam sap chet sot cao, mao trang bech hoac mao tham
di anh sang mat tri). nhng khi cat tiet th mao tch tr nen nht nhat, lo huyet ban.
- Ga benh b ho hen kho th, rut co, ng le loi, mat nham - Gia cam chet ot t thay mau ong ong lai trong long ngc,
nghien hoac nam tum ong, chung bo an roi chet. long bung, khi cat tiet thay mau loang, cham ong.
- Luc au ch thay ga chet lac ac vao ban em sau chet ca vao - Gan va lach sng to, nht nhat, mem nhun de v, tren be mat
ban ngay, so ga chet moi ngay mot tang cao, neu khong ieu tr co nhieu iem hoai t hoac xuat huyet, hoac trong mot so trng
kp chung se chet len en 70% sau gan mot thang mac benh. hp ta lai thay gan be quat lai co mau tham en hoac xanh en.
- ga e: ngoai cac bieu hien ien hnh neu tren con thay giam - Than sng to, loi ro len, ra than b xuat huyet, tren be mat
san lng trng va trng co kch thc be khong bnh thng, co than co nhieu tu iem trang.
nhieu trng vo mem de v hoac vo rat day, khi a trng u tieu - Buong trng va ong dan trng b viem thoai hoa, trng non
chuan cua an ga benh vao ap th giam manh ty le phoi, ty le ap v, gay viem dnh phuc mac.
166 167
- Tim to, nhao, tren be mat cung co mot so tu iem trang. Ca 3 loai pha vao 15-20 lt nc hoac tron thc an cho 100kg ga
- Phoi b bam huyet co nhieu tu iem vang trang. uong hoac an ca ngay, dung lien tuc 4 ngay la khoi.
- Ruot non, da day tuyen, da day c b viem tang sinh nen to hn, 10. Phong benh
day hn bnh thng, oi khi thay cac o loet sau tren be mat. - C 10-15 ngay ta phun thuoc muoi 1 lan nham tieu diet con
9. ieu tr trung hut mau (dn, muoi) va cho ga uong thuoc T. Coryzin hoac
- Tuy benh rat nguy hiem nh vay nhng lai de dang c ieu Sutrim.NT hoac Sul-depot lieu phong benh 10g/100kg P/ngay,
tr khoi theo mot trong cac phac o sau: trong 3 ngay lien tuc.
* Phac o 1: - Phai phat quang cay co, thong cong ranh, chat thai phai c
+ T. Cum gia suc: 20g x ly u ky, san chi phai thng xuyen cuoc xi, rac voi.
+ T. Coryzin: 15-20g VII. BENH GIUN KIM GIA CAM
+ Super-Vitamin: 15g 1. Gii thieu
+ Giai oc gan TA-Sorbitol+B12: 40g Benh giun kim la mot benh ky sinh trung rat pho bien nhieu
Ca 4 loai pha vao 15-20 lt nc hoac tron thc an cho 100kg ga loai gia cam va thuy cam nuoi cung nh hoang cam. Benh gay
uong hoac an ca ngay, dung lien tuc 4 ngay la khoi. nhieu thiet hai ve kinh te cho ngi chan nuoi bi khong nhng
* Phac o 2: chung trc tiep gay giam trong lng, gay tac ruot, lam chet vat
+ Sutrim.NT: 20g nuoi, ma con tao ieu kien cho nhieu benh th phat (boi nhiem)
khac, ac biet no la vat chu trung gian truyen lay benh viem gan -
+ Anti-Gum: 20g
ruot tha truyen nhiem (benh au en) ga va ga Tay.
+ Doxyvit: 20g
2. Nguyen nhan
+ Giai oc gan, than, lach.TA: 40g
Nguyen nhan trc tiep gay benh la giun kim, chung thuoc nganh
Ca 4 loai pha vao 15-20 lt nc hoac tron thc an cho 100kg ga Nematheminthes, lp Nematod, bo Ascaridae, ho Hetarakididae,
uong hoac an ca ngay, dung lien tuc 4 ngay la khoi. giong Heterakis, loai Haterakis gallinarum, H. Beramporia, H.
* Phac o 3: Brevispiculum, H. Putaustralis.
+ Sul-depot: 20-30ml 3. Loai gia cam mac benh
+ T. Cum gia suc: 20g Hau nh tat ca cac loai ga, ga tay, cut, se, vt, ngan, ngong nuoi
+ Giai oc gan, than, lach.TA: 50g va hoang cam eu b mac benh do giun kim.
168 169
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh - Gan sng co tu mau en hoac o va lom om hoai t.
Tat ca gia cam, thuy cam va hoang cam moi la tuoi eu co 8. ieu tr
the b nhiem mam benh va b benh. Benh de dang c ieu tr khoi bang mot trong cac thuoc sau:
5. Phng thc truyen lay benh + Lava-20: 20g/100kg ga/tron thc an cho an 1 lan duy nhat.
Giun kim la loai ky sinh trung phat trien trc tiep, gia cam b
+ Mebendazol 10%: 0,4g/1kg P/lan.
nhiem va lay lan giun kim chu yeu qua ng mieng nh sau:
trng giun kim theo phan ra ngoai mot phan c cac ga khac an, + Cambendazol: 5-7g/100 ga/lan.
uong va nhiem trc tiep, mot phan trng giun kim c giun at an + Phenothiazin: 1-1,5g/1kg ga/ngay.
va bao ton trong giun at mot thi gian dai, sau o ga lai an giun 9. Phong benh
at va lai tai nhiem. ay la nguyen nhan sau xa e benh giun kim - Thng xuyen cuoc xi san vn va rac voi 10-20 ngay 1 lan
va benh au en ton tai dai dang trong khu chan nuoi, nhat la chan
la tot nhat.
nuoi tha vn.
- ng i loi lai cung phai rac voi, trc ca chuong phai co
6. Trieu chng
ho sat trung.
- Cac trieu chng chung gom: cham ln, xu long, giam an hoac
- nh ky 2-3 thang tay giun 1 lan bang viec s dung 20g Leva 20
an kem. Long, mo, da chan kem bong bay.
tron trong thc an hoac nc uong cho 100kg ga - 1 lan duy nhat.
- Gia cam a phan en oi khi lan mau de nham vi benh au
en hoac cau trung the man. - C 20 ngay th cho ga uong thuoc tm hoac Sulfate ong (1g/10
lt nc) 1 lan keo dai 2h, sau o neu tha th o i. Hoac pha 5ml
- gia cam e thay giam san lng trng, nhng ngi chan
T. Metrion vao 1 lt nc cho ga uong ca 1 ngay thay cho nc.
nuoi khong tm c nguyen nhan.
- Gia cam benh gay dan va lac ac co mot so con chet do tac VIII. BENH GIUN CH VT, NGAN VA NGONG (BENH
ruot hoac b benh th phat. BU CO THUY CAM)
1. Gii thieu
7. Mo kham
Benh giun ch vt, ngan, ngong hay con goi la benh giun
- Xac ga gay, suy kiet.
bu co thuy cam la mot benh ky sinh trung truyen lay do hai
- Trong ruot tha hoac lo cho nga ba van hoi manh trang va loai giun tron dai nh si ch co ten khoa hoc la Avioserpens
ruot gia tiep giap vi manh trang thay co nhieu giun hnh tron thoi taiwana va A. Mosgorogi gay ra kha pho bien tren cac loai thuy
dai 6-15mm, co mau vang nga en trang vang nhat. cam va hoang cam, lam cho vt, ngan, ngong cham ln, hieu qua
- Manh trang b viem loet hoai t va xuat huyet. chan nuoi thap.
170 171
2. Nguyen nhan - Sau o tren da thuy cam thay co nhieu u cuc noi len, chung to dan
- Giun tron Avioserpens taiwana va Avioserpens mosgorogi tao thanh bu, luc au cac u bu xuat hien au tien ham di, co,
thuoc nganh giun tron Nematoda, lp Secernenta, bo Camallamda, sau o thay hoc mat ong chan va mot so ni khac tren c the.
ho Dracunculidae, giong Avioserpens, loai Avioserpens taiwana - Do cac bu hau, co va hoc mat c to dan, nen thuy cam
va A. Mosgorogi. kho th, an uong kho, i lai cham chap, gay.
- Chung ky sinh di da ham, hau, ho mat, ong chan nhng - Sau mot thi gian tai cac u bu o tao ra lo do va t o co
nhieu nhat la di da co tao thanh cac bu, co ni goi la bui nhieu giun chui ra ngoai, neu vt, ngan, ngong co sc e khang tot,
trong o co nhieu giun. cac lo do c bnh phuc th thuy cam se dan dan khoe, ngc lai
3. Loai gia cam mac benh chung se chet do suy nhc.
- Vt, ngan, ngong va cac hoang cam cung noi. 7. Mo kham
- Ky chu trung gian la cac loai giap xac (Cyclops) gom tom, - Nhn thay nhieu u bu to nho khac nhau tai cac vung khac
tep, cua cac loai. nhau cua c the, nh mo ta phan tren, nhieu nhat la vung hau,
ham di, hoc mat, co, ong chan.
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
- Khi mo cac u bu o thay co rat nhieu giun cuon xoan lai vi
- Thuy cam co the mac giun moi la tuoi, nhng benh thng
nhau nen c goi la bui giun.
xuat hien nhat t 2-10 tuan tuoi.
- Neu cac u bu o chn ta se thay phan thap nhat cua no co
- Benh co tnh mua ro ret vao nhng thang t ma va nong bc
lo do va thay giun ang chui ra.
benh phat trien manh.
- Da va mo to chc xung quanh u bu nay b viem tang sinh,
5. Phng thc truyen lay
phu ne, xuat huyet hoai t.
- Thuy cam b nhiem va mac benh giun ch chu yeu qua ng
mieng, chung an cac loai giap xac (Cyclops) tom tep, cua, cay, 8. ieu tr
ram ma trong c the giap xac a co au trung giun, khi vao en ieu tr giun ch thuy cam rat de bang mot trong cac cach sau:
ng ruot gia cam au trung c giai phong va di hanh ve vung - Tiem thang 1ml 1% PVP Iodine vao tam u bu/lan (neu u
hau, co, ham di, ong chan va mot so ni khac cua c the e lam bu tap trung vung hau va co).
to va ky sinh. Tai o chung phat trien thanh giun trng thanh tao - Tiem 1-2ml 5% dung dch muoi NaCl vao tam u bu/lan.
ra cac bu u cuc, ma mat thng ta de dang nhan thay. - Tiem thuoc tm 0,5% 1-2ml vao tam u bu hoac dung Leva-20
6. Trieu chng (loai tiem) tiem di da 1ml/kg P/lan, hoac co the tiem thang vao u
- Luc mi mac benh, thuy cam ue oai, cham chap va co nhng bu neu nh so lng bu o t va tap trung vung hau, co.
bieu hien phu ne vung au. Hoac ta co the dung:
172 173
- Leva-20: loai bot uong cho an: 20g/100kg P/lan/ngay va ch mieng co ba moi, tren moi moi co rang, con cai trng thanh e
can dung 1 lan duy nhat. 50-72.000 trng moi ngay.
Hoac dung dao mo a kh trung rach oi u bu, sau o boi 3. Loai gia cam mac benh
con iod (10% PVP Iodine), neu so u bu t va to ta co the boc Ga, ga Tay vt, ngan, ngong va hoang cam.
tach ra khoi c the, sau o sat trung bang con 96% hoac 10% PVP
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh
Iodine va khau lai.
Tat ca moi la tuoi eu co the mac benh, tuy nhien benh nang
9. Phong benh thng thay gia cam cha trng thanh (gia cam con non, ang
- Chu ong quan sat vt, ngan, ngong di 2 thang tuoi e kp trong thi ky ln manh nhat - di 4 thang tuoi).
thi phat hien u bu, neu thay xuat hien du ch mi co mot con
5. Phng thc truyen lay
co mot u bu ta phai ieu tr ngay bang viec cho ca an an hoac
- Chu yeu qua ng an, uong.
uong Leva-20 vi lieu 20g/100kg the trong, tron eu vao cam co
them rau xanh thai nho cho chung an mot lan duy nhat. - Giun cai e moi ngay 50-72.000 trng theo phan ra ngoai,
moi trng thien nhien sau 5-25 ngay trong trng a hnh thanh au
- Gi gn ve sinh chan nuoi thu y that tot.
trung cam nhiem, gia cam an, uong trng cam nhiem va khi vao
- Han che tha vt con ra ngoai ong co nc tu ong va co en da day gia cam chung n ra va di hanh xuong ruot non, sau
nhieu loai giap xac. 1-2 ngay chung chui vao tuyen goi la Lieberkhul e phat trien
IX. BENH GIUN UA GA, VT, NGAN, NGONG o trong khoang 19 ngay roi quay ve long ruot hoan thanh vong
(ASCARIDIOSIS AVIUM) i mat 35-38 ngay. Tai ruot chung song ruot non t 9-14 thang
1. Gii thieu e gay benh.
Giun ua la mot loai giun tron thng ky sinh ruot non va gay 6. Mua phat benh: Benh xay ra quanh nam.
benh cho hau het cac loai gia cam va thuy cam. 7. Trieu chng
2. Nguyen nhan 7.1. Benh nhe
- Giun ua co ten khoa hoc Ascaridia galli thuoc nganh giun Cac bieu hien chung chung, khong ro rang nh: gia cam van an
tron Nematheminthes, lp Nematoda, ho Ascarid, loai Ascaridia tot, nhng gay, xu long, cham ln oi khi b tieu chay vo c.
galli, chung co kch thc ln: con c 2-7cm, cuoi uoi co canh 7.2. Benh nang
uoi va 10 oi gai choi, trc hau mon co 1 voi hut tron, 2 gai giao An kem, thieu mau, mao tch, mo, niem mac mieng nht nhat,
hp nhon va bang nhau, con cai dai 3 - 11cm, lo sinh duc gia bc i khong chac chan, hay nam, li van ong, sa canh va b
than, hau mon cuoi than. tieu chay, xung quanh lo huyet co nhieu phan bam dnh, neu khong
Giun ua ga co mau vang nhat, tren than co van ngang, quanh ieu tr ta se thay cac trieu chng than kinh, liet hoac ban liet chan
174 175
canh, gia cam e thay san lng trng giam 10-20% ma khong CHNG V
ro nguyen nhan. oi khi co mot so b chet ot t do tac ruot hoac
thung ruot. BENH DO NAM MOC
8. Mo kham I. BENH NAM MAO GA (FAVUS GALLINARUM HAY
- The trang gay, coi coc. DERMATOPHYTOSIS AVIUM)
- Thieu mau. 1. Gii thieu
- Co nhieu giun ua ruot non t 2-7cm tham ch en 11cm. Nam mao ga la mot benh truyen nhiem ga va cac loai cung
- Neu nhieu giun chung ta thay ca bui giun, kem theo viem noi do mot loai nam Achorion galline gay ra, ac trng vi s xuat
xuat huyet ruot non. hien mang gia mong mau trang xam bam chat vao da mao, tch,
9. ieu tr da au va mot so phan khac tren c the ga. Benh con co ten khac
Xem va lam theo cac cach ieu tr benh giun kim. nh benh Kel, benh mao trang ga...
10. Phong benh 2. Nguyen nhan
Giong nh benh giun kim. - Nguyen nhan gay benh la do mot loai nam co ten Achorion
galline, loai nam nay con co ten khac la Microsporum galline hoac
Epidermophyton galline.
- Yeu to thuc ay gom che o cham soc khong ung, thc an
thieu chat, ac biet la Mn, cholin va selen. Kh hau nong am ac
biet la o am khong kh chuong nuoi cao, thong gio kem se tao
ieu kien cho nam mao ga phat trien manh.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh
Ga, ga tay va mot so loai khac cung noi.
4. Tuoi ga mac benh
Ga tat ca cac la tuoi eu co the mac benh, tuy nhien ga ang
ln, ga do va ga bat au e de mac nhat.
5. ac iem va tan so xuat hien benh (mua benh)
Benh xay ra quanh nam, nhng nhng thang ma phun nong
am benh phat manh nhat.
176 177
6. Phng thc truyen lay - oi vi ga hau b sap len e hoac va mi e th co the tiem
Benh truyen lay qua tiep xuc trc tiep la chnh, qua ng them AD3E.Thai: 1ml/5kg P/lan/ngay, tiem 3 ngay hoac cho an
mieng va ho hap. uong them 20g Embrio-Stimulan/100kg P/ngay, dung lien tuc 7
7. Trieu chng ngay nham khac phuc hien tng giam e.
- Luc au thay mao ria mep xuat hien cac cham trang hoac 9. Phong benh
xam trang hoac vang ghi xam, sau o lan ra ca mao roi phat trien - Gi gn ve sinh chuong trai, dung cu thiet b chan nuoi luon
thanh mang t, vay t, chung dan dan dnh lien lai vi nhau sach se.
tao ra cac mang ln bao phu toan bo be mat mao va tch. Neu ta - Chuong trai phai am ve mua ong, thoang ve mua he, luon
tm cach lot boc mang nay ra se e lo cac am loet vi hnh dang luon phai kho rao mat me.
khac nhau. - Neu thay co nguy c xuat hien nam mao th phai ieu tr
- Cac am vay trang xam hoac vang xam con quan sat thay ngay, ieu tr cang sm cang tot, ieu tr ca an ga.
da vung au, xung quanh lo huyet (hau mon), phan di cua ngc - Trong thc an can thng xuyen bo sung 4g Fungicid/kg thc
va mot so vung khac cua c the ga.
an va 6g Super Vitamin hoac 6g Doxyvit Thai/kg thc an oi vi
- Long cua nhng am nam o de rung. ga tht va 6-10g Embrio-Stimulan/1kg thc an oi vi ga e trng,
- Ga cham ln, tham ch giam an va gay dan. lien tuc 3-4 tuan se nang cao ket qua e trng.
- ga e con thay giam e: 5-10%. II. BENH NAM NG TIEU HOA (CANDIDIASIS;
8. Chan oan CANDIDOSIS MONILIASIS; SOROMICOSIS;
Benh de dang c nhan biet khi co cac bieu hien lam sang BLASTOMICOSIS)
mo ta tren. 1. Gii thieu
9. ieu tr - Nam ng tieu hoa va mot benh truyen nhiem do nam ho
Cac nha khoa hoc khuyen rang benh nay co the lay lan nhanh, Candida gay ra ga con, ga do va t khi thay ga ln, benh co rat
nen nhng ca the om nang th nen loai thai va tieu huy, sau o nhieu ten goi khac nhau nh a ghi tren.
toan an con lai phai c ieu tr kp thi theo phac o sau: 2. Nguyen nhan
- Fungicid: 20g - Nam Candida co nhieu chung, trong o cac chung Candida
- Super-Vitamin: 20g Albicans, C. Tropicans va C. Krucci la pho bien nhat.
Pha vao 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong trong 1 ngay, dung - Di tac ong thuc ay cua cac yeu to stress co hai nh dung
lien tuc 5 ngay benh se khoi. khang sinh dai ngay, thc an b nam moc, cac yeu to bat li ve thi
178 179
tiet, ve ieu kien ve sinh chan nuoi giup cho cac loai nam phat - Phoi b phu ne.
trien va gay benh. - Gan, lach thi thoang b hoai t iem.
3. Loai gia cam mac benh: Ga, ga Tay va cac loai cung noi. 9. ieu tr
4. Tuoi ga mac benh: T 10 ngay en 3 thang, t khi thay ga ln hn. - Fungicid: 20g
5. Mua phat benh - AD3E. Thai: 20g
Benh xay ra quanh nam, ac biet vao mua ma am. - Super-Vitamin: 20g
3 loai thuoc tren pha vao 15-20 lt nc cho 100kg ga uong, an
6. Phng thc truyen lay
trong 1 ngay, dung 4-5 ngay la khoi.
Benh lay lan chu yeu qua ng mieng, nhng cung co the qua
10. Phong benh
ng ho hap.
- Hang tuan rac Fungicid vao nen chuong 20g/1m2/1 lan.
7. Trieu chng - C 20 ngay cho ga uong CuSO4 1 lan vi lieu lng 1g/10 lt
- U ru, xu long, giam an hoac bo an, buon ngu. nc uong trong 2 gi, tha o i.
- Nam tum ong 1 goc chuong hoac ng le loi sa canh keu ren - Gi cho chuong nuoi kho rao, giam toi a cac kh oc H2S,
khac la. CO2, NH3.
- Tieu chay manh, xung quanh lo huyet ban. III. BENH NAM PHOI (ASPERGILLOSIS AVIUM)
- Dieu cha ay hi va thc an khong tieu, khi s nan dieu ga 1. Gii thieu
cam thay au, kh thoat ra t o co mui kho chu. Nam phoi la mot benh truyen nhiem thng gap gia cam moi
- Ga kho an kho nuot, nen phai rn co ve pha trc e co sc la tuoi, co cac trieu chng ng ho hap, mat, he tieu hoa va he
nuot thc an. than kinh do mot loai nam Aspergillus gay ra vi ty le chet rat cao
gia cam non.
- Vach mo thay vung hong, hau co mang gia mau trang kem
2. Nguyen nhan
bam dnh de boc, sau khi boc e lo ra mo to chc co mau o ti,
Benh do cac loai nam en vang, xam va nam xanh gay ra,
ve sau mang gia o co mau tham en vang nau.
di tac ong thuc ay cua cac yeu to co hai (Aspergillus Flavus,
- Ga chet do kiet sc, ty le chet t 20-70%. A.Niger; A.Fumigatus).
8. Mo kham 3. Loai gia cam mac benh
- Tren be mat niem mac va thanh mac hong, hau thc quan, dieu co Ga, ga Tay, vt, ngan, ngong va cac loai chim, nang nhat gia
mang gia bao phu, luc au co mau trang kem, ve sau la vang nau. cam va thuy cam s sinh.
180 181
4. Tuoi gia cam mac benh cac tu iem nam mao, tch va da chan.
Tat ca cac la tuoi gia cam eu mac benh, tuy nhien benh nang 8. Mo kham
nhat ga, vt, ngan mi n en 40 ngay tuoi. - Viem m mat va mat.
5. Mua phat benh - Cac hat nam moc mao, tch.
Benh xay ra quanh nam, nhng de bung phat vao mua nong - Co rat nhieu o nam trong cac mang bao gan, lach, than, tui
am, chuong trai kem thong thoang, co nhieu kh oc, chat on am kh; ac biet tui kh co cac o nam vang trang hnh xoay oc, trong
va moc. phoi co cac hat nam ran chac ma khi ta cat phoi lam 3 phan roi
6. Phng thc truyen lay bop nhe mieng phoi ta co the nhan biet c cac hat nam trao ra
Benh lay lan chu yeu qua ng ho hap va oi khi qua ng gia cac au ngon tay, khi ta day i day lai se cam thay lao xao.
an uong. gn ro gia 2 ngon tay.

7. Trieu chng 9. ieu tr


Co 4 the benh, nhng chung toi quy ve 2 the e de nh. - Benh nam phoi de dang c ieu tr khoi bang n thuoc:
+ Fungicid: 20g
7.1. The qua cap tnh
- Chan an, th kho, sa canh, xu long, met moi. + Super-Vitamin: 20g
- Uong nhieu nc, tieu chay phan vang xanh hoac vang nau Cho 100kg ga uong ngay, dung trong 4 ngay.
lan mau. - Sau khi khoi ta co the cho an ga uong nc cha 0,1% PVP
Iodine, tc 1g PVP Iodine nguyen chat pha vi 10 lt nc cho ga
- Nam tum ong, rn dai co, ha to mieng ht kh kem theo tieng
uong trong 2 gi, tha o i (hoac neu dung 10% PVP iodine th ta
rt do b ngat rat giong cac bieu hien cua viem thanh kh quan.
phai pha loang 1 lt PVP Iodine 10% pha vi 100 lt nc roi cho
- Khi th ga cam thay au rat, nen co the nghe thay tieng ren uong trong 2h).
r, lao xao trong phoi.
10. Phong benh
- Viem m mat.
- Gi chuong kho rao, sach se, chat on chuong phai c kh
- Chu y quan sat thay ga om hay co giat. nam bang 2% PVP Iodine hoac 1,5% foocmon roi phi kho trc
- Ga gay nhanh, chet nhanh, ty le chet phu thuoc vao tuoi ga, tuoi khi dung.
ga cang thap ty le chet cang cao, en 90% ga di 10 ngay tuoi. - Tranh toi a cac loai kh oc H2S, NH3 va khong e chat on
7.2. The man tnh chuong b t, b am trong thi gian nuoi.
Cac bieu hien lam sang giong nh the cap tnh nhng vi mc
o nhe hn, ty le chet thap hn va ac biet la ga vt ln xuat hien
182 183
CHNG VI Lieu ieu tr: 100g dung cho 600-800kg P/ngay. Ngay au dung
2 lan, nhng ngay sau dung 1 lan, dung lien tuc 3-4 ngay, benh
MOT SO THUOC CHAT LNG CAO, hoan toan se khoi.
THNG DUNG TRONG THU Y GIA CAM
Khi ket hp dung T. Colivit vi T.I.C va Anti-Gum e ieu tr cac
benh tieu chay va sot cao th hieu qua tot hn nhieu.
* Ong: Benh thoi au trung: 10g pha vi 200g ng them 300ml
T. COLIVIT
nc un soi e nguoi cho nam an ong an trong ngay. Thuoc dung
ac tr cac benh do E. coli va cac vi khuan khac lien tuc 3-4 ngay la khoi.
1. Thanh phan
* Tam: Benh bung tam: 100g pha vi 100 lt nc, phun vao la
- Trong 100g thuoc cha:
dau cho 1.000kg tam an trong ngay x 3 ngay.
Oxymykoin: 10g
Lieu phong benh bang 1/2 lieu ieu tr va dung 3 ngay lien tuc.
Bycomycin: 10g
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Ta dc va phu gia v: 100g
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai.
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g.
a ch: Lo 3 Cum cong nghiep Ngoc Hoi - Thanh Tr - Ha Noi.
2. Cach dung
ien thoai: 043.6870163 - Fax: 043.6872853
Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
Web: www.namthai.com.vn
3. Cong dung va lieu dung
* Ga, vt, ngan, chim cau, cut, a ieu...: Benh do E. coli,
Gumboro, Gumboro ghep Coli, CRD ghep Coli (CCRD), tieu chay,
ANTI-GUM
phan xanh, phan nht, phan vang, phan trang, tu huyet trung, pho
thng han, sng phu au... Thuoc ac tr Gumboro va Gumboro ghep E. coli
Lieu ieu tr: 100g dung cho 500-600kg P/ngay. Dung lien tuc 1. Thanh phan
3-4 ngay benh se khoi. - Trong 100g thuoc:
* Ln, trau, bo, de, cu, cho: Phan trang, phan trang bien Paracethamon: 20g
chng, hong l, chng hi, ay bung, phu ne mat (sng mat) ong Neomycin: 2.000mg
dau tu huyet trung, pho thng han, a chay hang loat... Sulphaguanidine: 2.000mg
184 185
Ta dc va u: 100g T.I.C
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1.000g Tr a chay
2. Cong dung 1. Thanh phan
* Thuoc dung ieu tr benh Gumboro va Gumboro ghep E. coli, Neomycin: 16,66g
Salmonella... Sulfaguanidin: 16,66g
* Ho tr ieu tr cac benh nhiem trung gay sot nh: Ta dc va u: 100g
- Benh viem gan ruot tha truyen nhiem, ky sinh trung mau - Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g.
(Leucocytozoonosis), sot ret, Niu cat-xn, cum, tu huyet trung,...
2. Cach dung
gia cam va thuy cam.
Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
- Chong boi nhiem do cac vi khuan gay benh ke phat khi ga b
3. Cong dung
Gumboro.
- Ln: ieu tr phan trang, phan vang, hong l, a chay, mat
- Tang sc e khang cho c the. nc, benh phu thung ln con, viem ruot hoai t, tu huyet trung,
- Giai nhiet, ha sot, an than. thng han...
Khi dung ket hp vi T. Colivit hoac T. Avimycin hoac T. Flox - Trau, bo, de, nghe, cu: a chay, viem ruot, kiet l, roi loan
C vao muc ch ieu tr cac benh neu tren at hieu qua rat tot. Sc tieu hoa.
khoe an gia cam nhanh chong hoi phuc. - Ga, vt, ngan, ngong, cut: phan xanh, phan trang, phan nht
3. Cach dung vang, mao tham, pho thng han, tu huyet trung E. coli, Gumboro,
Pha vi nc uong. ghep coli, viem ruot hoai t.

4. Lieu dung 4. Lieu ieu tr


Dung 100g/500-600kg P hoac 1,2g/1 lt nc x 3-4 ngay. 10g dung cho 40-50kg P/ngay. Dung 3 ngay benh se khoi.
Khi dung T.I.C ket hp vi T. Colivit hay T. Avimycin theo cap
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
th hieu qua ieu tr a chay tot hn nhieu.
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
Lieu phong benh bang 1/2 lieu ieu tr va dung 3 ngay lien tuc.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
186 187
T. AVIMYCIN T. CUM GIA SUC
ac tr benh do E. coli va Salmonella,... gay ra ac tr cam cum gia suc, gia cam
1. Thanh phan 1. Thanh phan
Flumequin (imequin) 15.000mg - Trong 100g thuoc co:
Lactose va TD v 100gr Acetaminophen: 20g
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g. Lactose va TD v: 100g
2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an. - Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g.
3. Cong dung 2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
- Ga, cut: Bach l, pho thng han, phan xanh, phan nht vang, 3. Cong dung
Gumboro, Gumboro ghep Coli, CRD ghep Coli, tu huyet trung, - Tr cam cum, cam lanh, ha sot, an than, giam au, chong tao bon, tr
Coli bai huyet... b ai, chong nong, giai nhiet, giai oc, phong b gio lua, gio lanh...
- Ln, trau, bo, de, gau, cho: a chay, chng hi, thng han, l, - Thuoc T. Cum gia suc ngay sau khi dung vacxin Niu cat-xn,
phu thung, tu huyet trung, phan trang, phan xam, phan lan mau... cum ga,... se ngan nga c nhieu tac hai va cac phan ng cua
- Vt, ngan, ngong: Bai liet, khec, sng phu au, pho thng vacxin.
han, tu huyet trung, phan xanh trang. - Thuoc co tnh chat tr lc, tang sc e khang, kch thch tang
- Ech, ba ba, ong, tam: Tr cac benh: loet da, troc vay, chng trong c the cho tat ca cac loai gia suc, gia cam khi dung lieu bang
bung, en au, trang than (phat quang), a chay... 1/2 lieu cha lien tuc trong 7-10 ngay.
4. Lieu dung 4. Cach dung va lieu dung
* Ga, cut: Dung 10g/50kg P/ngay. Sau 3 ngay la khoi. Pha vi nc hoac tron vi thc an.
* Ln, trau, bo, de, cu: Dung 10g/70kg P/ngay. Sau 3 ngay Lieu phong va kch thch tang trong: bang 1/2 lieu cha, dung
la khoi. lien tuc trong 7-10 ngay.
* Vt, ngan: 10g/50kg P/ngay. Sau 3 ngay la khoi. Lieu ieu tr: ga, vt, ngan, ngong, cut: 1000g dung cho 4000-
* Ech, ba ba, ong, tam: Dung 1 goi 10g/2-3kg thc an cho 100- 5000kg P/ngay, dung 3-4 ngay; Trau, bo, de, cu, ln: 10g dung
150kg P chia lam 2-3 lan/ngay, dung thuoc 4-5 ngay. cho 80-100kg the trong/lan, dung 1-2 lan/ngay, dung 3-5 ngay tuy
Lieu phong benh: Dung 1/2 lieu ieu tr va lien tuc 3 ngay. vao trang thai benh.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi: 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
188 189
T. FLOX-C * Trau, bo: Lieu ieu tr: 100g/1000kg P. Chia lam 2 lan/ngay.
Dung lien tuc 3 ngay la khoi.
ac tr kho chan, kho mo, long o cham tieu va benh au en
ga va thuy cam 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
1. Thanh phan Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
- Trong 100g thuoc cha:
Norfloxacin: 10g T. EIMERIN
Vitamin C: 1000mg ac tr benh cau trung, a ra mau ti va benh cau trung ghep
Ta dc va phu gia v: 100g E. coli hoac ghep vi viem ruot hoai t
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g. 1. Thanh phan
2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an. Sulfachlozin: 30g
3. Cong dung Ta dc va phu gia v: 100g
- Tr benh kho chan, kho mo, long o khong tieu. Benh chet - Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g.
hang loat ga, vt con mi n do E. coli, Salmonella, Psedomonas, 2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
Histomonas,... gay ra.
3. Cong dung
- Phong va tr cac dang benh ho hap va tieu chay: phan trang,
T. Eimerin dung phong va ieu tr cau trung, cau trung ghep E.
phan xanh, phan xam, phan vang nht ln, ga, vt, ngan, ngong,
coli bai huyet (a ra mau ti) ga, vt, ngan, cut, tho... T. Eimerin
cut, de, cu, trau, bo...
ieu tr tot cac benh bach l, viem ruot xuat huyet, viem ruot hoai
Khi ket hp vi T.I.C th hieu qua se rat tot. t, benh sng phu au ga, vt, ngan, benh phan trang ln con va
Neu dung T. Flox C e ieu tr benh au en th phai ket hp vi tieu chay trau bo, ln, ga.
Macavet hoac T. Avibrasin hoac T. Coryzin hoac Hepaton.
4. Lieu dung
4. Lieu dung * Gia cam: Phong benh: 10g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay. C dung 3
* Gia cam, cho, meo: ngay, ngh 3-4 ngay roi lap lai cho en 40 ngay tuoi oi vi gia cam
- Phong benh: 100g/1000kg P/ngay. sieu tht va keo dai ti 50-60 ngay tuoi oi vi gia cam hng trng.
- Tr benh: 100g/500kg P/ngay x 3 ngay la khoi. ieu tr: 10g dung cho 50-70kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
* Ln, de, cu * oi vi ln: Phong benh: 1g/10-15kg P/ngay
Lieu ieu tr: 100g/600-800kg P chia lam 2 lan/ngay. ieu tr: 1g/7-10kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
190 191
* oi vi trau, bo, de, cu: 4. Lieu dung
Phong benh: 1g dung cho 20kg P/ngay x 3 ngay. * oi vi gia cam:
Cha benh: 1g dung cho 10kg P/ngay x 3 ngay. - Phong benh: 1g pha vi 1 lt nc cho uong 3 ngay lien tiep vao
* oi vi tho: Phong benh: 1g dung cho 10kg P/ngay x 3 ngay. cac t 9-11; 18-21; 28-30, 38-40 ngay tuoi, oi vi ga sieu tht va
48-50 ngay tuoi oi vi ga sieu trng, kiem dung (ga Viet Nam).
Cha benh: 1g dung cho 3-5kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
- Tr benh: 1,5-2g pha vi 1 lt nc/ngay x 3-5 ngay la khoi.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
* oi vi ln va trau, bo:
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
Lieu ieu tr 1-2g/1 lt nc uong hoac 2-4g/kg thc an/ngay.
Dung lien tuc 3-5 ngay.
CCRD - NAM THAI 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
ac tr hen ga, khec vt, suyen ln, viem phoi gia suc. Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
1. Thanh phan
Spyramycin adipate: 65MUI GENTAFAM - 1
Colistin sulfate: 50MUI ac tr hen ga, suyen ln, viem phoi gia suc
Ta dc va phu gia v: 100g 1. Thanh phan
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g. - Trong goi 100g thuoc co:
2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an. Tylosin (tartrate): 40g
3. Cong dung Gentamycin: 8MUI
* oi vi ga, vt, ngan, cut...: Vitamin A: 0,5g
Hen ga (CRD), hen ghep Coli (CCRD), khec vt, ngan. Ta dc va phu gia v: 100g
Sng phu au ga, vt, ngan (Coryza - so mui truyen nhiem - CI) - Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g.
Viem ruot, thng han, tu huyet trung, viem khp. 2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
* oi vi ln va gia suc: 3. Cong dung
Suyen ln (viem phoi a phng - enzootic pneumonia) Ch nh ieu tr: Gia cam, ln, trau, bo, de, cu.
Viem phe quan phoi, viem teo mui, viem khp, lien cau ln, - ac tr hen va sng phu au ga, suyen, viem phoi, tieu chay
suy a phu tang (benh Glasser),... ln va gia suc.
192 193
- Hen (CRD); hen ghep coli (CCRD); sng phu au (CI) ga, vt, 2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
ngan... 3. Cong dung
- Tieu chay do E. coli, Salmonella, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, * Ga, cut, vt, ngan, ngong:
phan xam, phan nau, hong l do Treponema hyodyzentery; Tu
- Benh au en, ky sinh trung mau, hen (CRD), hen ghep E. coli
huyet trung, thng han, viem phoi ln va gia suc.
(CCRD), so mui truyen nhiem (sng phu au - CI), tu huyet trung
4. Lieu dung
ga, cut...
a. oi vi gia cam
- Phong benh: 1g/lt/ngay em x 3 ngay. - Pho thng han, khec va bai liet vt, ngan.
- Tr benh: 2g/lt/ngay em, lien tuc 4-5 ngay la khoi benh. * Ln, trau, bo, de, cu:
Khi dung ket hp 1g Gentafam-1 vi 1g CCRD. Nam Thai pha - Suyen, viem phoi, phe quan phoi, viem teo mui, cam cum.
trong 1 lt nc uong th hieu qua ieu tr cac benh ng ho hap - Hong l, tieu chay hang hoat, viem ruot hoai t, tu huyet trung,
se tot hn rat nhieu. pho thng han, lien cau ln...
b. oi vi ln va gia suc
- Viem nao, nhiet than, uon van, ung kh than, viem khp gia suc.
- Phong benh: Tron 4g/1kg thc an cho an lien tuc 5-7 ngay.
4. Lieu ieu tr
- ieu tr: Tang lieu gap oi, dung lien tuc 3-5 ngay.
* Gia cam: 10g/50-60kg P/ngay.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. * Ln, de, cu, be, nghe con: 10g/100-120kg P/ngay.
* Trau, bo, nga: 10g/150-175kg P/ngay.

ANTI CRD-LA Thi gian dung: benh ng ruot 3 ngay, benh ng ho hap
4-5 ngay.
ac tr benh au en kem theo hen CRD ga, suyen ln
1. Thanh phan Lieu phong bang 1/2 lieu ieu tr, dung lien tuc 3 ngay.
Vibramycin: 2000mg 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Tylosin tartrate: 1000mg Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
Malsote, ta dc v: 10g
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g.
194 195
COSTOP-TA - ieu tr: 1g/7-10kg P/ngay x 3 ngay.
ac tr benh cau trung cap a ra mau ti 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
1. Thanh phan Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
Sulfachlozin: 30g
Ta dc va phu gia v: 100g HEPATON
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g. ac tr cac benh au en, ho hap va tieu hoa ga va gia suc,
gia cam
2. Cach dung
Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an. 1. Thanh phan
(4S, 4aR, 5S, 5aR, 6R, 12aS)-4-(dimethylamino) - 3,5,10,12,12a-
3. Cong dung
pentahydroxy-6-methyl-1,11-dioxo-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-
- Thuoc Costop-TA tieu diet 9 loai Eimeria gay ra cac dang octohydrotetracene-2carboxamide hyclat 40g
cau trung nguyen phat va ke phat ga, 4 loai can nguyen gay Ta dc va u 100g
benh cau trung vt, ngan, 6 chung cau trung tho, 5 chung cau trung
2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
ln va be, nghe.
3. Cong dung
- ieu tr sng phu au (CI), viem ruot hoai t, bach l, pho
* Gia cam: Tr CRD, CCRD, viem mang hoat dch, ta l, tieu
thng han (do Salmonella), tu huyet trung (do Pasterella), tieu
chay, viem ruot, viem mui truyen nhiem, viem gan - ruot tha
chay (do E. coli) gia cam, ln va gia suc. truyen nhiem (au en), tu huyet trung...
4. Lieu dung * Ln va gia suc: Viem phoi, phe quan phoi, viem teo mui, viem
* oi vi benh cau trung gia cam va tho: ruot hoai t, tu huyet trung, xoan khuan,... do nhiem cac vi khuan nhay
- Phong benh: 10g/100kg P/ngay (0,5g/1 lt nc ) x 3 ngay. C cam nh: Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Escherichia coli, Mycoplasma
dung 3 ngay roi ngh 4 ngay, sau do phai lap lai cho en 40 ngay meleagridis, Histomonas meleagridis, Mycoplasma synoviae,
tuoi oi vi gia cam sieu tht va keo dai en 50-60 ngay tuoi oi Pasteurella multocida, Bordetella avium, Haemophilus paragallinarum,
vi ga hng trng hoac kiem dung. Clostridium perfringens Chlamydia psittaci, Pasteurella multocida,
- ieu tr: 15-20g/100kg P/ngay (1,0-1,5g/lt nc) x 3 ngay. Actinobacillus pleuopneumoniae, Bordetella bronchiseptica...
* oi vi ln trau, bo, de, cu: 4. Lieu dung
- Phong benh: dung 1g/15-20kg P/ngay x 3 ngay. * Gia cam:
196 197
- Lieu phong: 1g thuoc pha trong 2-3 lt nc/ngay. lng c the.
- Lieu ieu tr: 1-1,5g/lt dung lien tuc 3-5 ngay. - Loai co trong lng t 20-40kg: 1g dung cho 20kg trong lng
* Ln va gia suc: c the.
- Phong: 1g thuoc pha trong 2-2,6 lt nc/ngay. - Ln va gia suc ln co trong lng tren 50kg: 1g dung cho
- ieu tr: 2g pha vao 2-2,6 lt nc/ngay hoac 0,5-0,625g thuoc/ 30kg trong lng c the.
kg thc an dung 5-7 ngay. Benh nang co the dung lieu gap oi. Neu can co the tang lieu dung len gap 2 lan.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi: 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.

LEVA-20
GENTA-TYLO-TA
Tay giun san
ac tr hen ga, khec vt, suyen ln, viem phoi gia suc
1. Thanh phan
Levamisol: 20g 1. Thanh phan
Maltose va u: 100g Tylosin (tartrate): 40g
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g. Gentamycin sulfate: 8MUI
2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an. Ta dc va phu gia v: 100g
3. Cong dung - Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g.
Levamisol co tac dung tieu diet va loai tr nhieu loai ky sinh 2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
trung cho tat ca cac loai gia suc, gia cam ca the trng thanh va
3. Cong dung
the cha trng thanh. Ky sinh trung se b tieu diet hoan toan
trong vong t 2-3 ngay. Leva-20 khong gay oc cho vat nuoi - Hen (CRD); hen ghep coli (CCRD); sng phu au (CI) gia cam.
lieu ch dan s dung. - Suyen ln, viem phoi, phe quan phoi, mang phoi ln va gia suc.
4. Lieu dung - ieu tr tieu chay do E. coli, Salmonella, Pseudomonas,
* Gia cam: 20g/100kg trong lng c the. Klebsiella, phan xam, phan nau ga, ln va trau, bo.
* Ln, cho, meo, de, cu: - Hong l va tieu chay hang loat do Treponema hyodyzenteri, E.
- Loai co trong lng nho hn 20kg: 1g dung cho 15kg trong coli, Salmonella, Clostridium, Vibrio,... ln va gia suc rat hieu qua.
198 199
- Tr tu huyet trung, thng han cho ga, vt, ngan, cut, trau, bo, 3. Cong dung
ln, de... Ampi-coli Thai la s ket hp gia hai loai khang sinh co pho tac
4. Lieu dung dung rat rong oi vi cac loai vi khuan gram (-), (+).
* Gia cam: Phong benh: 0,5-1g/lt ngay em x 3 ngay vao cac - ieu tr cac dang tieu chay phan vang, vang nau, vang trang co
ngay 9-11, 18-21, 28-30, 38-40 ngay tuoi oi vi ga sieu tht, them the lan bot kh hoac mang niem mac ruot do viem ruot hoai t.
48-50, 58-60 ngay tuoi oi vi ga kiem dung va hng trng. - Viem ruot tha tao ken ac quanh (benh gan - ruot tha truyen
nhiem) hay con goi la benh au en.
Tr benh: 1,5g/lt ngay em, lien tuc 4-5 ngay.
- ieu tr cac dang tieu chay ket hp vi ho, hen, viem phoi.
Neu benh nang nen ket hp 1g Genta-Tylo-TA vi 1g CCRD-
Nam Thai pha chung vao 1 lt nc, dung lien tuc 4 ngay em benh - ieu tr cac benh ng tiet nieu, sinh duc, viem vu, viem t
cung, trng e ra b dnh mau...
se khoi.
4. Lieu ieu tr
* Ln va gia suc: Phong benh: 0,5-1g/lt nc hoac 1-1,5g/kg
thc an/ngay x 3 ngay. * Trau, bo, de, cu, ln: 1000g/8000kg P/ngay.
* Gia cam: 1000g/4000-5000kg P/ngay.
Tr benh: Lieu gap oi lieu phong x 4-5 ngay.
* Ong: 5g thuoc tron vi 20g ng an, pha vi 50ml nc cho
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
1 an ong an trong ngay e ieu tr benh thoi au trung, benh bung
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. ong, cac benh roi loan tieu hoa, viem ruot.
Thuoc dung lien tuc trong 3 ngay.
AMPI-COLI THAI Lieu phong benh bang 1/2 lieu ieu tr va dung 3 ngay lien tuc.
ac tr viem ruot hoai t va tieu chay kem theo ho, hen 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
1. Thanh phan Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
- Trong 100g thuoc cha:
Ampicillin trihydrate: 10g SUTRIM-NT
Colistin sulphat: 22,189MUI ac tr ky sinh trung mau, sot ret, phu au gia cam
Ta dc va u: 100g 1. Thanh phan
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g. - Trong 100g thuoc co:
2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an. Madribon: 50g
200 201
Ormetoprim: 30g SUPER-COX
Ta dc v: 100g ac tr benh cau trung, a ra mau ti
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g. 1. Thanh phan
2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an. Sulfaquinoxaline: 187g
3. Cong dung Diaveridine: 33g
- ieu tr hu hieu cac benh mau loang (ky sinh trung mau), Ta dc v: 1000g
gan, than va lach to ph ai. - Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g.
- Sot ret ga - gan tham en hoac xanh en quat nho lai. 2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
- Phong va tr cau trung gia suc, gia cam khi cac loai thuoc khac 3. Cong dung
kem hieu qua. S ket hp gia Diaveridin va Sulfaquinoxaline tang hieu lc
- ieu tr benh so mui truyen nhiem (sng phu au ga, vt...). tac dung oi vi tat ca 9 chung Eimeria gay benh cau cap, a ra
- Tu huyet trung, bach l, pho thng han, viem ruot hoai t va mau ti va hang loat cac vi khuan gay viem ruot, tieu chay ga,
cac benh do E. coli gay ra. vt, ln, tho, be, nghe, de...
- Tr viem da con, am ao, viem khp, viem nao gia suc. 4. Lieu dung
4. Lieu dung * Gia cam:
* Ga, vt, ngan, ngong: - Phong benh: 1000g dung cho 10.000kg P/ngay dung 3 ngay,
- Phong: 1g/40-50kg P/ngay hoac 0,5g/lt nc dung 3 ngay. ngh 3-4 ngay roi lap lai cho en 40 ngay tuoi oi vi ga sieu tht,
40-50 ngay oi vi ga kiem dung (ga Ri, Ac, ong Cao, Lng
- ieu tr: 1g/20-25kg P (1-1,5g/lt nc uong trong ngay au),
Phng, Tam Hoang...) va ga sieu trng (Rhode 208, Shilver,
cac ngay sau dung 1g/lt nc, lien tuc 3-5 ngay la khoi.
Lothman, Ai Cap, Ha Lan, Goldline...).
Benh nang co the dung lieu gap oi.
- ieu tr: 1000g dung cho 5000kg P/ngay x 3 ngay la khoi,
* Ln, cho, meo, trau, bo...: rieng oi vi benh sng phu au ga, vt, ngan th phai dung 4
- Lieu ieu tr: 1g/10-17kg P/ngay au, cac ngay tiep theo giam ngay. Sau khi khoi benh 4 ngay th phai duy tr lieu phong nh a
lieu i mot na (1g/20-35kg P), dung lien tuc 3-5 ngay. ghi trong phan phong benh.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi: Chu y: Thuoc khong gay giam e, khong hai cho than.
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. * Ln, trau, bo, de, cu:
202 203
- Phong benh: 100g/2000kg P/ngay x 3 ngay. - Kiem soat l cho heo: 100g tron vi 100kg TA (hoac dung cho
- ieu tr: 100g/1000kg P/ngay x 3 ngay. 500-700kg P), lien tuc trong 3 tuan, sau khi khoi benh th dung lieu
duy tr 100g tron vi 500kg TA en khi xuat chuong.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
- ieu tr cac dang tieu chay, viem ruot, viem hoi trang: 100g
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
tron vi 25-50kg thc an dung lien tuc 1-2 tuan. Hoac tang lieu
gap oi e rut ngan thi gian ieu tr xuongs 5-7 ngay.
PIG-MIX 1 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Thuoc c dung cho chan nuoi trang trai phong va tr cac benh Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
ng ruot va ho hap
1. Thanh phan
PIG-MIX 2
- Trong 100g thuoc cha:
Thuoc dung cho chan nuoi trang trai phong va tr cac benh ho
Sulphamethazin: 11g
hap va tieu chay ln va gia suc
Lincomycin: 4,4g
1. Thanh phan
Ta dc va phu gia v: 100g
- Trong 100g thuoc cha:
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g.
Tiamulin (F): 2g
2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
Oxytetracycline: 6g
3. Cong dung
Ta dc va u: 100g
Phong va tr cac benh viem phoi bi Mycoplasma pneumoniae,
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g.
tu huyet trung do Pasteurella, pho thng han do Salmonella tieu
diet can nguyen gay tieu chay ra mau nh: viem hoi trang (Ileitis), 2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
kiet l (Swine dysentery), viem ruot hoai t (do Clostridium) va 3. Cong dung
cac dang tieu chay hang loat phan xam bun, xam vang... Phong va tr cac benh:
- Pig-mix 1 con co tac dung kch thch tang trong tot. - Ln: Suyen do Mycoplasma, viem phoi - mang phoi do
4. Lieu dung Actinobacillus, hong l (kiet l), viem ruot tieu chay va tu huyet trung.
- Kch thch tang trong va s dung tot thc an: 100g/2000kg P, - Trau, bo: Viem phoi truyen nhiem, roi loan tieu hoa, tieu
dung lien tuc trong suot qua trnh nuoi. chay, chng bung ay hi, tu huyet trung...
- Phong benh: 100g/1000kg P, dung lien tuc trong 3-4 tuan. - Gia cam: CRD, CCRD, viem gan, ruot tha truyen nhiem (benh
204 205
au en), tu huyet trung, pho thng han, tieu chay phan vt... - Sng phu au, chay nc mat, nc mui, thoi mu mat ga, vt.
4. Lieu dung - Mau loang, xuat huyet buong trng, phoi, tuy (ky sinh trung
- Tron vi thc an: mau gan, lach, tuy to ph ai va benh sot ret gan tham en, teo quat
Phong benh: 1,25-2,5kg/kg TA, dung lien tuc theo nhu cau. gia cam).
Tr benh: 5g/kg TA hoac 3g/lt nc dung lien tuc trong 5 ngay. - Viem ruot hoai t, tieu chay gia cam.
- Pha vi nc uong: - Tr viem teo mui, viem phoi va suy a phu tang do Toxoplasma
ln, viem phoi gia suc.
Phong benh: 1-2g/lt nc.
- Tr cau trung ln, be, de, nghe, cu va gia cam.
Tr benh: 3-4g/lt nc uong.
- Tr loet, thoi mang, thoi vay ca do Vibrio fureniosis.
Chu y: Khong dung thuoc vi thc an co cha Polyether
lonophores (nhom thuoc phong benh cau trung) nh: Monensin, 4. Lieu dung
Salinomycin, Lasalosid, Marasin... - Gia suc ln: 1g/30-35kg P.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi: - Gia suc nho: 1g/15-20kg P.
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. - Gia cam: Lieu phong: 1g/lt nc.
Lieu ieu tr: 1,5-2g/lt nc.

T. CORYZIN Nen dung ket hp vi T. Cum gia suc hoac Anti-gum th hieu qua
ieu tr benh ky sinh trung mau va sot ret tot hn nhieu.
Thuoc ac tr: ky sinh trung mau, sng phu au, viem ruot hoai
t 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
1. Thanh phan
- Trong 100g cha:
Sulfamonomethoxin sod 99%:100g TYDOX-TA
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g. 1. Thanh phan
2. Cach dung Tylosin tartrate: 10g
Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an. Doxycycline hyclate: 20g
Pha vi nc tam cho ca theo ty le 0,2-1% trong 10 phut. Ta dc va u: 100g
3. Cong dung - Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g.
206 207
2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an. - Quy cach ong goi: 10, 20, 100ml
3. Cong dung 2. Cach dung
Thuoc thng dung phong tr cac benh he ho hap va tieu hoa, Tiem sau bap tht, c 48 gi tiem 1 mui, tiem 3-4 mui benh se khoi.
xay ra rieng re hoac cung mot luc trong chan nuoi trang trai nh:
3. Cong dung
* Ga, cut, chim cau, vt, ngan...: 1-2g pha 1 lt nc/ngay, lien
tuc 3-5 ngay: - ac tr benh tai xanh, pho thng han, benh nghe, suyen, lien
cau ln.
- Hen (CRD), hen ghep coli (CCRD), viem tui kh (hen do E. coli).
- Sot cao, phat ban o, xuat huyet ra tai, bung, ben, l loet da,
- Benh au en (viem gan - ruot tha truyen nhiem.
tm tai, tm mom. Nam bep, th doc va th the bung co the kem
- So mui truyen nhiem (sng phu au-CI).
theo m dai, mu, mau cam. Phu ne mat, tieu chay manh va viem
- Pho thng han, tu huyet trung gia cam, khec va bai liet thuy cam.
phoi nang ln con.
* Ln, trau, bo, de, cu: dung 2g pha vi 2-4 lt nc/ngay.
- Say thai e sm hoac e muon thai chet lu, viem am ao, t
- Suyen, viem phoi, viem teo mui, cum, phe quan phoi, mang phoi.
cung ln nai. Sng hon ca, viem bu dai ln c...
- Hong l (kiet l), tieu chay hang loat, viem ruot hoai t.
- au bung tieu chay phan trang, phan xam ghi, xam vang hoac
- Tu huyet trung, pho thng han, lien cau ln, va mot so benh
the thao long mau bun co the lan mau (hong l), phan vang, mui
gay que, viem khp, viem vu va t cung nai sinh san.
thoi kham tanh hoi (pho thng han)...
- Viem nao, nhiet than, uon van, ung kh than...
- Phu ne mat, i khong vng, nghieng au, xoay vong (benh
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
sng phu au ln).
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
- Tao bon va nc tieu vang (benh nghe).
- Ho khan, ho t (suyen), kem theo viem khp (lien cau ln).
MACAVET
4. Lieu dung (lieu ieu tr)
ac tr tai xanh, pho thng han, benh nghe, suyen ln, viem
- Ln choai, ln nai, de, cu: 1ml/15kg P/lan/ngay.
phoi gia suc
- Ln con theo me, cho, meo, gia cam: 1ml/7-8kg P/lan/ngay.
1. Thanh phan
Flofenicol: 10.000mg - Trau, bo, nga: 1ml/20-25kg P/lan/ngay.
Doxycyclin: 10.000mg 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Dung moi va ta dc v: 100mg Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
208 209
VIDAN-T - Gia cam, cho, meo: 1ml/5kg P/lan
ac tr tai xanh, suyen, viem phoi, tieu chay, xoan khuan ln va Ngay dung 2 lan, dung lien tuc 3 ngay oi vi benh tieu hoa,
gia suc; tr hen ga, khec vt, bach l, thng han gia cam 4-5 ngay oi vi benh ng ho hap.
1. Thanh phan 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Actinospectin: 10g Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
Lincomycin: 5g
Dung moi va u: 100ml
T.ENRO THAI
- Quy cach ong goi: Lo 10, 10, 100ml
ac tr cac benh do vi khuan Gram am gay ra
2. Cach dung: Tiem sau bap tht.
1. Thanh phan
3. Cong dung
Enrofloxacin HCL: 5000mg.
* oi vi ln: Tai xanh (PRRS); viem phoi, phe quan phoi;
viem teo mui; benh nghe; tieu chay, viem ruot, da day ruot; phan Dung moi va u: 100ml.
trang; phu thung ln con, pho thng han, tu huyet trung, mun - Quy cach ong goi: 10, 20, 100ml.
nc l loet mieng, mom, xung quanh mong chan. 2. Cach dung: Tiem sau bap tht.
* oi vi trau, bo, nga, de, cu: Viem phoi, phe quan phoi, 3. Cong dung
viem vu, viem t cung, da con, viem khp, thoi mong chan; tieu - Tieu chay phan xanh do E. coli, phan trang thng han do
chay, chng hi ay bung, viem ruot, da day ruot, tu huyet trung, Salmonella ga, vt, ngan, cut.
l mom long mong...
- Viem ruot, tieu chay phan trang, xam vang hoac toan nc,
* oi vi gia cam: Tieu chay do E. coli, hen ga (CRD), hen chng hi ln va gia suc.
ghep Coli (CCRD), sng phu au (CI), thng han, bach l...
- CRD, CCRD ga, sng phu au, khec va bai liet ga, vt,
* Tr khec thng han va bai liet ngan, ngong. ngan, ngong, cut...
4. Lieu dung (lieu ieu tr) - Viem phoi, phe quan phoi ln va gia suc.
- Ln s sinh: 1ml/3-5kg P/lan Ngoai ra con dung e ieu tr tu huyet trung, thng han, viem
- Ln, gia suc non: 1ml/10kg P/lan khp, viem ng tiet nieu, viem t cung, viem vu cho tat ca cac
- Gia suc ln: 1ml/15kg P/lan loai gia suc, gia cam.
210 211
4. Lieu dung (lieu ieu tr) - Viem phoi, suyen, hen.
- Gia cam: 1ml/5kg P/lan x 1 - 2 lan/ngay (neu cho uong th - Tu huyet trung.
lieu gap oi). - Hong l, viem vu, viem t cung gia suc.
- Ln: 1ml/8kg P/lan x 1 - 2 lan/ngay.
Khuyen cao: khi dung ket hp vi T.Enro Thai hoac Tialin Thai
- Gia suc: 1ml/15kg - 20kg P/lan x 1 - 2 lan/ngay. th hieu qua ieu tr tot hn nhieu.
- Cho, meo: 1ml/5kg P/lan x 1.
4. Lieu dung (lieu ieu tr)
Cac benh ng tieu hoa dung 3 ngay, benh ng ho hap dung 1ml/10kg P x 2 lan/ngay x 3 - 5 ngay.
4 - 5 ngay.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.

TIALIN - THAI
T.T.S. NAM THAI
ac tr tu huyet trung, hong l, suyen, viem phoi ln va gia suc
ac tr pho thng han va tieu chay hang loat
1. Thanh phan
1. Thanh phan
Colistin: 25MUI
Sulphamethoxazol: 20,0g.
Tiamulin: 10,0g
Trimethoprim: 4,0g.
Dung moi va td v: 100ml
Dung moi va ta dc v: 100ml
2. Cach dung: Tiem sau bap tht.
2. Cach dung: Tiem sau bap tht.
3. Cong dung
3. Cong dung
- Tu huyet trung - chng hi ay bung.
- ac tr tieu chay hang loat (dch tieu chay PAD), pho thng
han, chng hi, ay bung... ln va gia suc. - Suyen va benh tai xanh.

- Nhiem trung ng sinh duc, ng ruot, ng ho hap gay ra - Sot cao, da phat ban o, phu tham mat, nam bep, th doc, l
bi vi khuan nhay cam vi Sulphamethoxazol, Trimethoprim nh: loet da.
E. coli, Samonella, Staphycococcus, Streptococcus, Pasteurella, - Hen ga, viem phoi, phe quan phoi gia suc.
Haemophillus sp... trau, bo, de, nghe, cu, ln... - Hong l ln (kiet l - phan nhay mui).
212 213
- a chay hang loat, phan bun, phan xam lan mau. - Quy cach ong goi: 10, 20, 100ml.
- Cam cum ln... 2. Cach dung: Tiem sau bap tht.
- Viem vu, viem t cung. 3. Cong dung
- Benh nghe (xoan khuan), benh do Listeriae... - Benh tai xanh th phat, suyen, viem phoi, mang phoi, phe
4. Lieu dung (lieu ieu tr) quan phoi, tu huyet trung, pho thng han, ong dau.
- Ln, de, cu: 1ml/10kg P/lan. - Hoi chng MMA (viem t cung, viem da con, viem vu, mat sa).
- Trau, bo: 1ml/15kg P/lan. - Benh sng phu au CI, hen ga (CRD), hen ghep coli (CCRD)
- Gia cam, cho, meo: 1ml/5kg P/lan. gia cam.
Dung 2 lan/ngay, lien tuc 3 ngay oi vi benh tieu hoa va 4 - 5 4. Lieu dung (lieu ieu tr)
ngay oi vi benh ho hap va sinh san. - Trau, bo, nga: 1ml/10 - 15kg P/lan, ngay au 2 lan, cac ngay
Tialin - Thai nen ket hp vi Vidan - T th hieu qua ieu tr se sau 1 lan/ngay, lien tuc 3 - 4 ngay.
rat tot. - Ln, de, cu: 1ml/10kg P/lan, ngay au 2 lan, cac ngay sau 1
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi: lan/ngay, lien tuc 3 - 4 ngay.
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. - Gia cam, cho, meo: 1ml/4kg P/lan, ngay x 3 - 4 ngay.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
T.C.K Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.

LINCO - GEN.LA SPYRACIN.THAI


ac tr cac benh truyen nhiem gay sot, sng phu au, CRD, ac tr suyen ln va cac benh ho hap cho gia suc, gia cam
CCRD ga, CI 1. Thanh phan
1. Thanh phan Spiramycin: 20,0g.
Lincomycin HCl: 10,0g. Dung moi va ta dc v: 100ml.
Gentamycin sulfate: 4,0g. 2. Cach dung: Tiem sau bap tht.
Dung moi, td va u: 100ml. 3. Cong dung
214 215
Suyen, viem dnh mang phoi, viem teo mui va lien cau ln. tieu chay, viem phoi truyen nhiem, viem phe quan, viem t cung,
Cac benh ho hap cua trau, bo, cho, meo, de, cu, ln... viem a khp do Mycoplasma, lepto (xoan khuan).
Hen (CRD), hen ghep E. coli (CCRD), so mui truyen nhiem - Trau, bo, nga, de, cu, cho, meo:
(CI) ga, bai liet, vt ngan. Viem phoi, tu huyet trung, benh nghe, hong l, nhiem khuan
Khi dung ket hp Spyrasin vi Tialin.Thai hay T.enteron hoac ng tieu hoa, kiet l va cac dang tieu chay, viem ng sinh duc.
Vidan T, hoac Linco-gen LA th hieu qua ieu tr cac benh ho hap, 4. Lieu dung (lieu ieu tr)
sinh san va tieu hoa rat tot. - Cho, meo: 1ml/5kg P/lan x 2 lan/ngay x 3 - 4 ngay.
4. Lieu dung (lieu ieu tr) - Trau, bo, ln: 1ml/10kg P/lan x 2 lan/ngay, tiem lien tuc 3 - 4
- Ln, de, cu: 1ml/10kg P. ngay.
- Trau, bo: 1ml/15kg P. Trng hp cap tnh: tiem 1,5 - 2ml/10kg P/lan x 2 lan/ngay,
- Cho, meo, gia cam: 1ml/5kg P. tiem lien tuc 3 - 4 ngay.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi: Chu y: khong tiem qua 30 - 40ml/1 lan tiem.
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.

T.ENTERON
ac tr xoan khuan, tu huyet trung, kiet l, viem phoi T.TERE
1. Thanh phan ac tr phan trang ln con, tieu chay gia suc
Tylosin tartrat: 7500mg. 1. Thanh phan
Oxytetracyclin: 7500mg. Actinospectine: 500mg.
Bromhexin HCl: 200 mg. Colistin sulfate: 2.000.000UI.
Dung moi va ta dc v: 100ml. Dung moi va ta dc v: 10ml.
2. Cach dung: Tiem sau bap tht. - Quy cach ong goi: 10, 20, 100, 500, 1000ml.
3. Cong dung 2. Cach dung: Bm trc tiep vao mieng hoac pha nc uong.
- Ln: Lepto (benh nghe), tu huyet trung, hong l, hoi chng 3. Cong dung
216 217
- ac tr phan trang, trang xam, trang vang ln con - Gia cam: roi loan tieu hoa tieu chay: phan nht vang, nht
- Bach l, thng han, tu huyet trung (toi ga), sng phu au, xanh do Gumboro, phan xanh, phan trang do E. coli, bach l (phan
khec, bai liet vt, ngan. trang), pho thng han do Salmonella, viem ruot do Streptococcus,
- Tieu chay be, nghe, de, cho, meo. Staphylococcos, Clostridium, Klebsiella...
- Ln va gia suc: phan vang, xam, hoi tanh, tieu chay, chng
4. Lieu dung (lieu ieu tr)
hi ay bung, phan khong tieu, dch tieu chay (PAD).
- Ln con va gia cam: 1ml/3kg P/lan, ngay dung 2 lan, ch dung
3 ngay la khoi. 4. Lieu dung
- Be, nghe: 1ml/5kg P/lan x 2 lan/ngay, lien tuc 3 ngay. - Gia cam: 10 - 20ml/1 lt nc (50 - 100ml/100-120kg P/ngay).

Dung ket hp T.Tere vi Enro - 10, Flumequine - 20, Norflox - - Ln con:


10 th hieu qua tot hn nhieu. Loai 1 - 2kg/con th dung 1ml/lan.
Neu pha cho uong th dung 4-5ml T. Tere/lt nc oi vi gia Loai 2 - 5kg/con th dung 2ml/lan.
cam va 8-10ml T. Tere/lt nc cho ln va gia suc. Loai 5 - 10kg/con th dung 3 - 4ml/lan.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi: - Be, nghe: 1ml/3 - 5kg P/lan.
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. - Trau, bo: 1ml/10 - 15kg P/lan.
Benh nang tang lieu gap oi, dung 2 lan/ngay.
ENRO - 10 Dung 3 ngay la khoi.
Khi ket hp vi T.Tere th hieu qua rat tot.
1. Thanh phan
- Moi 100ml dung dch Enro - 10 cha: 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Enrrofloxacin: 10,0g. Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.

Dung moi va ta dc v: 100ml.


- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 20, 100, 500, 1000ml. ANTI - COXI-TH
2. Cach dung: Bm trc tiep vao mieng hoac pha nc uong. ac tr cau trung va viem ruot tieu chay
3. Cong dung 1. Thanh phan
Phong va tr benh: - Trong 100g thuoc cha:
218 219
4 - Amino - N - 2 - quinoxalinyl benzenesulfonamide: 30,0g. ngay, dung 3 ngay.
- Quy cach ong goi: 10, 100, 1000g. 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
2. Cach dung: Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
3. Cong dung FLUMEQUIN 20
- Phong va tr cac benh bach l, pho thng han, tu huyet trung
ac tr benh tieu chay do E. coli, Salmonella va cac chuan khac
viem ruot gay tieu chay, benh xuat huyet di da gan ban chan,
1. Thanh phan
ke mong chan do Proteus vulgaris, tieu chay phan vang nau do
Flumequine: 100g.
Proteus vulgaris, viem khp do Staphylococcus va mot so benh
khac do cac vi khuan ng ruot gay ra gia suc, gia cam. Dung moi va ta dc v: 500ml.
- Quy cach ong goi: 100, 500, 1000ml.
- ac tr benh cau trung, cau trung ghep coli bai huyet a ra
mau ti do 6 chung cau trung gay ra ga: E.tenella, E.necatrix, 2. Cach dung: Bm trc tiep vao mieng hoac pha nc uong.
E.maxima, E.bruneti, E.acervulina va E.meleagrimtis b boi nhiem 3. Cong dung
bi E. coli ga. - oi vi gia cam:
4. Lieu dung + Bach l do Salmonella, thng han, khec va bai liet thuy cam
- Phong benh cau trung gia cam: 10g/100kg P/ngay hoac 0,5g/ do Salmonella spp.
lt nc hoac 1g/kg thc an. C dung 3 ngay lien tuc th ngh 3 - 4 + Phan xanh do E. coli, phan nht, vang xanh do Gumboro boi
ngay va lap lai cho en 40 ngay tuoi oi vi ga sieu tht va en 50 nhiem E. coli.
ngay tuoi oi vi ga kiem dung hoac ga sieu trng. + Viem ruot hoai t do Staphylococcus, Clostridium, Pseudomonas.
- ieu tr: dung lieu gap oi: 20g/100kg P/ngay x 3 ngay la + So mui truyen nhiem (sng phu au gia cam - CI) do
khoi, sau o 4 ngay phai duy tr lieu phong va thi gian phong Heamophylus.
benh nh a ghi tren. - oi vi ln va gia suc:
- oi vi tho: lieu ieu tr: 1g/lt nc (10g/50kg P) hoac 2g/kg ieu tr benh tieu chay, phan vang, phan xam, phan mau bun.
thc an x 3 - 4 ngay. 4. Lieu dung
- oi vi cac benh khac cua ln va gia suc: dung 10g/100kg P/ - Gia cam:
220 221
Lieu phong: 1ml/2 lt nc, dung lien tuc trong 3 ngay. - Khec va bai liet vt, ngan.
Lieu tr: 1 - 2ml/lt nc, dung lien tuc 3 - 5 ngay. * Ln va gia suc:
- Ln con: - a chay, pho thng han, phan xam, phan vang, phan trang
Loai 1 - 2kg/con th dung 1ml/lan. ln con va gia suc.
Loai 2 - 5kg/con th dung 2ml/lan. - Tr tu huyet trung cho tat ca gia suc, gia cam.
Loai 5 - 10kg/con th dung 3ml/lan. 4. Lieu dung
Bm thuoc trc tiep vao mieng 2 - 3 lan/ngay, lien tuc 2 - 4 * Gia cam:
ngay la khoi. - Phong benh: 1ml pha trong 1 - 2 lt nc (500 pha trong 500 -
Flumequin 20 nen dung ket hp vi T.Tere th hieu qua tot hn 1000 lt nc) dung trong 3 - 5 ngay.
nhieu.
- ieu tr: Tang gap oi hoac 3 lan lieu trong tr 2-3ml/lt nc,
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi: dung lien tuc 3 ngay.
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. * Ln va gia suc:
- Ln con theo me (s sinh): 1ml/5kg P/lan ngay 2 lan, dung
TA.FLUMEX 30% trong 3 - 5 ngay.
ac tr cac benh do E. coli, Salmonella, Proteus, Pasterella va - 7 - 10ml/100kg P/lan dung ngay 2 lan, dung trong 3 - 5 ngay.
Klebsiella... gay ra - Neu benh nang co the dung lieu gap oi, gap ba.
1. Thanh phan 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Flumequine sodium: 150g. Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
Dung moi va ta dc v: 500ml.
- Quy cach ong goi: 100, 500, 1000ml.
T.METRION
2. Cach dung: Bm trc tiep vao mieng hoac pha nc uong.
3. Cong dung 1. Thanh phan
* Gia cam: Benzalkonium: 150 mg.
- Bach l, thng han, phan xanh, phan vang lan bot, kho chan Neomycin: 2500 mg.
ga, vt, ngan, ngong, cut... Dung moi v: 100ml.
222 223
- Dang thuoc: thuoc thut ra. 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
- Quy cach ong goi: 100, 500, 1000ml. Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
2. Cach dung
Bm trc tiep vao t cung, ra vet thng phun trc tiep len an SUPER VITAMIN
gia suc, gia cam hoac co the uong sau khi pha loang. Thuoc bo, kch thch tang trong, tang sc lc
3. Cong dung 1. Thanh phan
- Phong va ieu tr viem am ao va t cung, da con sau khi - Trong 100g cha:
e. Thuoc dung e ra vet thng, sat trung thiet b, chuong trai. Vitamin B1: 26.000mcg.
Thuoc co the dung phun thang vao an gia suc, gia cam e tieu Vitamin B3: 8000mg.
diet mam benh (virut, vi khuan, nam...) Vitamin E: 3000mg.
- Tr l loet da, thoi mong, rung mong, benh l mom long mong Vitamin PP: 3000mg.
gia suc. Vitamin K3: 1500mg.
- Tr nam mao, nam ng tieu hoa gia cam. Vitamin A: 1.500.000UI.
4. Lieu dung Vitamin B2: 2.500.000UI.
- Lieu dung: Vitamin B6: 300mg.
+ Phong benh: sau khi e bm 1 lan/ngay x 2, 3 lan. Vitamin C: 11.200mg.
+ ieu tr: Neu benh nhe bm moi lan: trau, bo 100 - 200ml/ Caffeine benzoate: 10.000mg.
con, ln 100ml/con/lan x 2 lan/ngay. Selen: 8000mg.
Neu benh a nang, a chay nhieu mu th ngoai bm, thut bang Cu gluconat: 2500mg.
T.metrion th can phai tiem oxytocin 40 - 80 UI/ln nai e va Mn gluconat: 20.000mg.
Lincogen.L.A hoac Ampi - coli Thai hoac Ceftiofur 1 lan/ngay, Fe gluconat: 150mg.
dung 3 - 4 ngay la khoi. Canxi pantothenate: 3000mg.
- Pha 5-10ml/lt nc cho gia cam uong thay cho nc uong e GPSS4: 2000mg.
ieu tr benh nam dieu, nam mao, nam ng tieu hoa gia cam... Richredmedia: 2000mg.
224 225
Acid arsenic: 2.000mg. 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Cholin chloride: 25.000mg. Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
Ta dc v: 10.000g.
2. Cong dung EMBRIO - STIMULAN
- Kch thch tieu hoa, tang trong tot. Kch thch sinh san, tang trong
- Kch thch them an, mt long, bong da. 1. Thanh phan
- Kch thch sinh san, tang ty le phoi thai. Vitamin E: 20.000mg.
- Nang cao sc e khang oi vi cac benh truyen nhiem. Selen: 8000mg.
- Giai oc va chong cac yeu to Stress gay hai. GPSS4: 2000mg.
- Tr mo can nhau, chong rung long, xu long ngan, vt, ga. Rich Red media: 2000mg.
- Chong bai liet chan, canh, coi coc thieu mau truyen nhiem Arsenic acid: 2000mg.
gia cam. Caffeine benzoate: 10.000mg.
- Tr nt ne da ln. Ta dc v: 1000g.
3. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac trong vi thc an. 2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
4. Lieu dung (lieu phong) 3. Cong dung
1 - 2g/1 lt nc hoac 4-6g/1kg thc an. - Kch thch tang trong.
Thi gian dung: tuy thuoc vao muc ch s dung: - Kch thch phat trien buong trng, qua trnh hnh thanh va phat
- Dung 3 - 4 ngay oi vi viec chong nong, giai oc hoac chong trien trng, tang san lng e trng va keo dai thi gian khai thac
stress nh tiem phong, cat mo, van chuyen, san an... trng, tang kha nang au thai, phat trien phoi thai cho gia suc.

- Dung 5 - 10 ngay tuy thuoc vao muc ch kch thch tang - Tang ty le phoi: 10 - 15%.
trong, kch thch sinh san, tr mo can nhau, tr thieu mau truyen - Tang ty le ap n: 7 - 10%.
nhiem va thieu cac vitamin nhom B, A, D... chong bai liet, canh - Ga con n ra khoe manh, t loai 2, t d hnh.
va nt da, xu long ln. - Embrio Stimulan tang sc e khang benh, chong oxy hoa, lao
Neu benh nang co the dung lieu gap oi. hoa va tang cng trao oi chat cho tat ca gia suc, gia cam.
226 227
4. Lieu dung (lieu phong) hoi chng gan than ga.
1 - 2 g/lt hoac 2 - 4 g/kg thc an. - Nang cao sc khoe khi vat nuoi b trung oc t thc an va moi
Vi muc ch tang trong th dung ngay t 1 ngay tuoi keo dai trng trong qua trnh bao quan va lu thong..., do dung nhieu
7 - 10 ngay/t, ngh 1 - 2 tuan roi lap lai cho en luc xuat ban. khang sinh, thuoc tr sau, tr co... do b nam moc.
Vi muc ch tang san lng trng, ty le phoi va ty le ap n th - ieu tr tao bon, kho tieu, phan song, chng bung ay hi.
dung ngay t khi chuyen t ga do len hau b e boi va keo dai suot
- Kch thch them an, tang kha nang hap thu thc an, kho phan,
thi gian khai thac trng.
giam mui hoi chuong trai.
Co the tang lieu gap oi, tuy vao trang thai benh.
- Dung ho tr ieu tr cac benh truyen nhiem va ky sinh trung
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi: at hieu qua cao.
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. 4. Lieu dung (lieu phong)
- Gia cam: 1g/1 lt nc uong lien tuc trong 7 - 10 ngay hoac
GIAI OC GAN THAN LACH - TA tron thc an: 100g/1000kg P/ngay x 7 ngay.
- Gia suc: 2g/1 lit nc uong 7 - 10 ngay lien tuc hoac
1. Thanh phan
100g/2000kg P/ngay x 7 - 10 ngay.
- Trong 100g cha:
* Lieu ieu tr:
Sorbitol (min): 45,0g.
- Dung lieu gap oi va keo dai lien tuc 5-7 ngay hoac lau hn
DL - Methionine: 1000mg.
tuy thuoc vao trang thai benh.
Cholin chloride: 800mg.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
L - Lysin (min): 200mg.
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
Vitamin B12 (min): 1000mcg.
Glucose va ta dc v: 100,0g.
GLUCO.K.C.B2
2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an
3. Cong dung Tang lc, giai oc, chong xuat huyet
- ieu tr gan nhiem m, gan sng, gan b thoai hoa mem nhun, 1. Thanh phan
bien mau..., ac biet la benh Marek, L co, viem gan ruot tha - Trong 100g co:
truyen nhiem (benh au en), ky sinh trung mau va benh sot ret, Vitamin C: 1000mg.
228 229
Vitamin K: 200mg. - Trong 100g co:
Vitamin B2: 50g. Sorbitol (min): 20,0g.
Glucose (dextrose) va ta dc v: 100g. DL - Methionine: 10,0g.
- Quy cach ong goi: 100, 1000g. Chlolin chloride: 16,0g.
2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong uong hoac tron vi thc an. Vitamin B12 (min): 2000mcg.
3. Cong dung Acid folic (Vitamin B9): 8g.
- Tang tnh ben thanh mach, phong chong benh bang nc, tch 2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
nc xoang bung hieu qua cao. 3. Cong dung
- Giai oc, chong nong, giai nhiet cho gia suc, gia cam. - Bo gan, li mat, tang o ngon mieng, tang kha nang tieu hoa,
- Tang lc, chong suy kiet cho ln nai sau khi sinh. giup thu an nhieu, mau ln, tang sc e khang...
- Tang ty le sinh san gia suc, ty le phoi va ty le ap n ga, - Tang chc nang giai oc gan, phong nga ngo oc do oc to
vt, ngong, cut e... cua nam moc, nhiem m gan.
- Tang o bong da, da chan, tang o vang cua long o trng - Tr tao bon, b tieu.
ga, vt, ngan, ngong, cut... - Ho tr ieu tr cac benh Marek, L - co, hoi chng gan, than,
- Bo xung Vitamin K, Vitamin C, Vitamin B2, Glucose, chong lach: benh viem gan ruot truyen nhiem (benh au en), ky sinh
Stress cho ga, vt, cut, chim, trau, bo, de, cu, ln... trung mau ga, benh nghe, dch ta kho ln.
4. Lieu dung - Giup hoi phuc c the sau khi mac cac benh nhiem trung huyet.
- 1g/0,8 lt nc, dung toi thieu 5 - 7 ngay, em va co the lien 4. Lieu dung
tuc ca thi gian nuoi (tc 1g pha 0,8 lt hay 1,2g/lt). - Bo gan, li mat:
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi: + Ga, vt, cut, heo con: 1g/1 lt nc hoac 4g/kg thc an, dung
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. lien tuc.
+ Heo giong, heo tht: 2g/lt nc hoac 7g/kg thc an, dung lien tuc.
- Hoi phuc sc khoe sau khi mac benh:
TA.SORBITOL.B12 + Ga, vt, cut, heo con: 3g/1 lt nc hoac 7g/kg thc an, dung
1. Thanh phan trong 1 - 2 tuan.
230 231
+ Heo giong, heo tht: 2g/1 lt nc hoac 5g/kg thc an, dung bieu b di da, ac tr benh au.
trong 1 - 2 tuan. - Kch thch manh sinh trng, tang cng kha nang khanh
- Tr tao bon: 4g/lt nc hoac 10g/kg thc an, 3 - 5 ngay. benh, ac biet ho tr ieu tr benh tai xanh.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi: 4. Lieu dung
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. Dung cho tat ca cac loai gia suc gia cam.
Lieu dung:
- 1kg dung cho 10.000kg P.
TA - ADE.C
- Co the dung lien tuc trong qua trnh chan nuoi, e kch thch
Thuoc bo, kch thch sinh san, tang trong tang trong vi lieu gap ri hoac gap oi.
1. Thanh phan 5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
Vitamin A: 10.000.000 UI. Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
Vitamin D3: 800.000 UI.
Vitamin E: 10.000 mg.
THUOC IEN GIAI
Vitamin B1: 2000mg.
Can bang ien giai, chong nong, giai oc va ieu tr cac benh
Vitamin K3: 3000mg. tieu chay
Vitamin C: 20.000mg. 1. Thanh phan
Glucose v: 1000g. Na. chloridun: 120g.
2. Cach dung: Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an. Na. Citrat: 50g.
3. Cong dung Mg. Sulfate: 10g.
- Phong va tr cac benh do thieu Vitamin A, D3, E va C. Zn. Sulfate: 25g.
- Tang kha nang thu thai, sinh san, nhieu con, ty le e trng, ty Fe.sulfate: 30g.
le phoi va ty le ap n. Caffeine: 10.000mg.
- Chong stress, chong nong, chat choi. Vitamin AD3E: 1000mg.
- Cha benh than kinh, coi xng, viem xng, thieu vitamin, Ta dc v: 1000g.
i ng xieu veo, benh quang ga, kho mat, ton thng cac mo Pha vi nc uong hoac tron vi thc an.
232 233
2. Cong dung Florfenicol: 10,0g
- Tieu chay, mat nc, coi coc, khoeo chan, bai liet, nt da, Tylosin: 5g
vay da. Dung moi va ta dc v: 100ml
- Ngo oc: thuoc, hoa chat tr sau, san, khoai tay, carbamide,
2. Ch nh
phan am...
Loai ong vat c dung thuoc: Trau, bo, ln, de, cu.
- Thieu khoang chat gay bai liet, xu long, da kho.
Thuoc dung ieu tr cac benh do vi khuan nhay cam vi
- Chong met moi, u ru, chan an. Kch thch them an, nang cao
Florfenicol va tylosin:
sc khoe khang benh.
* Trau, bo: Tr cac benh nhiem khuan ng ho hap do
Dung phoi hp trong ieu tr cac benh Gumboro, cac dang tieu
Pasteurella haemolytica, Pasteurella multocida va Mycoplasma
chay (roi loan tieu hoa, l, kiet l, viem da day ruot (TGE), tieu
hyopneumonia, viem phoi, viem phe quan phoi,
chay, dch tieu chay (PAD)...), cam nong, cam lanh, van chuyen
(soc), tai xanh va cac benh ky sinh trung va truyen nhiem khac * Ln: Tr tai xanh b boi nhiem cac vi khuan gay benh ng
cho tat ca gia suc, gia cam. ho hap nh Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (viem dnh mang
phoi), Pasteurella multocida, nhiem trung huyet do tu huyet trung,
3. Lieu dung
Mycoplasma hyopneumonia (suyen ln).
Gia suc ln: 2g/15 - 20kg P/ngay.
* Chuyen dung tr cac benh nh: pho thng han, xoan khuan
Gia suc nho: 1g/ 10 - 15kg P/ngay.
va cac benh tieu chay, kiet l khac ln va gia suc.
Thi gian dung: tuy thuoc vao trang thai benh: co the dung lien
3. Cach dung va lieu lng
tuc 1 - 2 ngay hoac 4 - 5 ngay.
Thuoc co tac dung keo dai
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
* Tiem bap tht, tiem di da.
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
Lieu tiem bap:
Trau, bo: tiem bap: 1ml/20 kg P hay tiem di da 1ml/20-25kg
FLODOVET P tiem 2 lan cach nhau 48h. Khong tiem qua 25ml/lan/1 v tr
ac tr cac benh ng ho hap, tieu hoa Ln: 1ml/10-15kg P, Tiem 3 lan, 2 ngay au tiem moi ngay 1
1. Thanh phan lan, mui th 3 cach mui th 2 48h, neu can tiem mui th 4 cach
Trong 100ml cha: mui th 3 48h. Khong tiem qua 15ml/lan/1 v tr.
234 235
Thi gian ngng s dung thuoc: trc khi lay tht 14 ngay., 3 * Lieu dung: Ln, de, cu: 1ml/3kgP/lan x 2 lan/ngay
ngay trc khi lay sa Trau, bo,: 1ml/8-10kgP/lan x 2 lan/ngay
4. Bao quan: Ni thoang mat, tranh anh sang trc tiep. Cho, meo: 1ml/3-5kgP/lan x 2 lan/ngay
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi: Gia cam: 1ml/5kgP/lan
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185. Thi gian ngng s dung thuoc: 28-30 ngay.
4. Bao quan: Ni thoang mat, tranh anh sang.
5. Nha xan xuat va phan phoi:
T.C.K
Cong ty TNHH Thuoc thu y Nam Thai. C: xem trang 185.
1. Thanh phan
Moi 100ml dung dch T.C.K cha:
Colistin: 25 MUI
Kanamycin : 6,7 MUI
Dung moi va ta dc v: 100ml
2. Ch nh
+ Loai ong vat c dung thuoc: Trau bo, ln, cho, meo.
Ch nh ieu tr:
- Kanamycin co tac dung diet tr ca cac vi khuan gram dng
va gram am nh: Enterobacter, E. coli, Salmonella, Klebsiella,
Singella, Proteus, Pseudomonas.
- Colistin chu yeu tac dung tren vi khuan gram am ac biet la
cac vi khuan ng tieu hoa.
- Tr tieu chay viem ng ho hap, tu huyet trung, pho thng
han. Cac benh thuoc ng sinh san.
3. Cach dung va lieu lng
* Tiem bap tht.
236 237
MUC LUC VIII. Benh viem gan virut the vui ga................................................74
IX. Benh thieu mau truyen nhiem ga ..................................................78
LI NOI AU .......................................................................................3
X. Hoi chng giam e ..........................................................................81
CHNG I: MOT SO BENH DO SAI SOT KY THUAT CHAM SOC
XI. Benh ung th truyen nhiem Marek (MD) ......................................84
NUOI DNG ......................................................................................5
XII. Benh ung th Lco........................................................................86
I. Benh kho mo, kho chan, xu long va chet sm ga, vt, ngan, ngong,
XIII. Benh Gumboro - Benh suy giam mien dch (IBD)......................89
con mi n..............................................................................................5
XIV. Benh au ga ................................................................................92
II. Benh do thieu nhiet ...........................................................................8
XV. Hoi chng coi coc ga .................................................................95
III. Benh do tha nhiet o chuong nuoi hoac trong phng tien van
chuyen ..................................................................................................10 XVI. Dch run ray ga (AE) ..............................................................100
IV. Mo can nhau ..................................................................................13 CHNG III: BENH DO VI KHUAN ............................................104
V. Benh do thieu nc .........................................................................16 I. Benh phan dnh t - bach l ga con (Pho thng han vt, ngan
VI. Benh nhiem oc axit beo ...............................................................19 con).....................................................................................................104
VII. Hoi chng sng gan-than (FLKD) ................................................22 II. Benh thng han hay pho thng han gia cam .............................106
VIII. Hoi chng chet ot t gia cam .................................................25 III. Benh nhiem trung huyet do E. coli nguyen phat .........................111
IX. Benh suy dinh dng......................................................................28 IV. Benh tu huyet trung .....................................................................114
X. Benh thieu vitamin A ......................................................................31 V. Benh hen ga - CRD .......................................................................117
XI. Benh thieu vitamin B1 ....................................................................34 VI. Benh hen ga - CRD ghep vi E. coli tao ra benh CCRD .............120
XII. Benh thieu vitamin B2...................................................................36 VII. Benh hen ga crd ghep vi ga ru .................................................122
XIII. Benh thieu vitamin B6 .................................................................39 VIII. Benh so mui truyen nhiem - benh sng phu au ga (IC) ..........125
XIV. Benh thieu vitamin B12 ................................................................42 IX. Benh viem ruot hoai t gia cam ...............................................128
XV. Benh thieu vitamin PP (Vitamin B5) - Benh li en...................44 X. Benh xoan khuan gia cam ..........................................................130
XVI. Benh thieu vitamin E ..................................................................46 XI. Benh hoai t da (Viem da hoai t) ..............................................134
CHNG II: BENH DO VIRUT .......................................................49 XII. Benh do vi khuan hoai t ng tieu hoa va hoai t chan gia cam
I. Benh ga ru, Niu-cat- xn (ND) .........................................................49 136
II. Viem phe quan truyen nhiem (IB) ..................................................53 XIII. Benh tu cau khuan gia cam ....................................................139
III. Benh viem thanh kh quan truyen nhiem (ILT) .............................57 XIV. Benh lien cau khuan ga .........................................................141
IV. Benh cum ga hay cum gia cam (IA, AI) ........................................60 XV. Benh lao gia cam ........................................................................143
V. Benh dch ta vt, ngan......................................................................64 CHNG IV: BENH DO KY SINH TRUNG ................................147
VI. Benh dch ta ngong, benh Derzy ...................................................68 I. Benh cau trung ga...........................................................................147
VII. Benh viem gan vt, ngan do virut .................................................71 II. Benh cau trung ghep Coli bai huyet ga a ra mau ti .................150

238 239
III. Benh n bao phu tang ................................................................152 SUPER-COX ......................................................................................203
IV. Benh tieu chay phan vang do trung roi........................................155 PIG-MIX 1 .........................................................................................204
V. Benh viem gan - ruot truyen nhiem ga, benh au en, benh ken PIG-MIX 2 .........................................................................................205
ruot tha .............................................................................................160 T. CORYZIN ......................................................................................206
VI. Benh ky sinh trung mau - Benh mau loang do Leucocytozoone ..............165 TYDOX-TA .......................................................................................207
VII. Benh giun kim gia cam ...............................................................169 MACAVET ........................................................................................208
VIII. Benh giun ch vt, ngan va ngong (Benh bu co thuy cam)..............171 VIDAN-T ...........................................................................................210
IX. Benh giun ua ga, vt, ngan, ngong ..........................................174 T.ENRO THAI ...................................................................................211
CHNG V: BENH DO NAM MOC ................................................177 T.T.S. NAM THAI .............................................................................212
I. Benh nam mao ga ...........................................................................177 TIALIN - THAI ..................................................................................213
II. Benh nam ng tieu hoa .............................................................179 T.C.K ..................................................................................................214
III. Benh nam phoi .............................................................................181 LINCO - GEN.LA ..............................................................................214
CHNG VI: MOT SO THUOC CHAT LNG CAO, THNG SPYRACIN.THAI ..............................................................................215
DUNG TRONG THU Y GIA CAM .................................................184 T.ENTERON ......................................................................................216
T. COLIVIT........................................................................................184 T.TERE ..............................................................................................217
ANTI-GUM ........................................................................................185 ENRO - 10 ..........................................................................................218
T.I.C ...................................................................................................187 ANTI - COXI-TH ...............................................................................219
T. AVIMYCIN ...................................................................................188 FLUMEQUIN 20 ................................................................................221
T. CUM GIA SUC..............................................................................189 TA.FLUMEX 30% .............................................................................222
T. FLOX-C .........................................................................................190 T.METRION ......................................................................................223
T. EIMERIN .......................................................................................191 SUPER VITAMIN..............................................................................225
CCRD - NAM THAI ..........................................................................192 EMBRIO - STIMULAN .....................................................................227
GIAI OC GAN THAN LACH - TA ................................................228
GENTAFAM - 1 .................................................................................193
GLUCO.K.C.B2 .................................................................................229
ANTI CRD-LA ...................................................................................194
TA.SORBITOL.B12 ...........................................................................230
COSTOP-TA ......................................................................................196
TA - ADE.C........................................................................................232
HEPATON .........................................................................................197
THUOC IEN GIAI ..........................................................................233
LEVA-20 ............................................................................................198
FLODOVET .......................................................................................234
GENTA-TYLO-TA ............................................................................199
T.C.K ..................................................................................................236
AMPI-COLI THAI .............................................................................200
TAI LIEU THAM KHAO ..................................................................242
SUTRIM-NT ......................................................................................201

240 241
TAI LIEU THAM KHAO 11. Le Van Nam - 100 cau hoi va ap quan trong danh cho
can bo thu y va ngi chan nuoi ga. NXB Nong nghiep 2004,
1. Ikiev.J, R.Arsov, E.iochep, G.Girginov. Sach giao khoa: 2010.
Benh truyen nhiem gia suc gia cam. NXB Quoc gia Bungari 12. Le Van Nam - Hng dan ieu tr benh ghep phc tap
1972. ga. NXB Nong nghiep 2004.
2. Ivan Vasilep va Yori Visniakop. Sach giao khoa: Benh 13. Le Van Nam - Gumboro - Benh Sida ga. NXB Nong
ky sinh trung thu y. NXB Quoc gia Bungari 1977. nghiep 1997, 2004.
3. Kostac Vodas. Benh truyen nhiem ong vat. NXB Nong 14. Le Van Nam - Benh Marek - Mot mo hnh khoi u truyen
nghiep - Bungari 1997. nhiem. NXB Nong nghiep 1996, 2004.
4. Ivan Enchep, Krasimir Kostop, P.Badarova. Benh truyen 15. Le Van Nam - Benh cau trung gia suc gia cam. NXB
Nong nghiep 2003.
nhiem ong vat. NXB Quoc gia Bungari. ISBN 954-9930-
33-5. Sophia 2005.
5. Simon M.Shane - So tay benh gia cam do Hoi o tng
Hoa K tai Singapore xuat ban 1997.Vol.No.P036.1997.
6. Nguyen Hu Hng - Benh ky sinh trung gia suc gia cam.
NXB ai hoc Can Th 2010.
7. Pham Sy Lang va cong s - Benh gia cam, thuy cam.
NXB Nong nghiep 2009.
8. Pham Sy Lang va cong s - Chan oan va phong tr benh
thuy cam. NXB Ha Noi 2010.
9. Pham Sy Lang va cong s - Ky sinh trung va benh ky
sinh trung vat nuoi. NXB Giao duc 2009.
10. Le Hong Man, Tran Cong Xuan, Nguyen Thien,
Hoang Van Tieu, Pham Sy Lang, Le Van Nam, Nguyen
c Trong- So tay chan nuoi gia cam ben vng. NXB Nong
nghiep 2007.
242 243
NHA XUAT BAN HA NOI
SO 4, TONG DUY TAN, HOAN KIEM, HA NOI
T: 04 38252916 - Fax: 04 39289143
Email: nhaxuatbanhanoi@hn.vnn.vn

BENH GIA CAM VIET NAM - B QUYET PHONG


TR BENH AT HIEU QUA CAO
PGS. TS. LE VAN NAM

Chu trach nhiem xuat ban


NGUYEN KIM SN
Bien tap:
PHAM QUOC TUAN
Trnh bay, ba:
BCH THUY, KIM PHNG
Ky thuat vi tnh:
UT QUYEN, VAN ANH
Sa ban in:
ANH AO, TO NGA

In ............ cuon, kho 14,5x20,5cm tai ...........................................................


Giay phep xuat ban so: ................................., ngay........ thang..... nam 2012. In
xong va nop lu chieu quy II/2012.

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