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ADA Worksheet

Use this worksheet to research ADA and Accessibility. This information will be used later to create a
presentation. You may type your responses directly under the questions. This will expand the page
length. Make sure to delete the extra spaces following your responses before saving your document.

To Save click File in the upper left corner. Click Save As. Choose the location to save your document
(make sure to remember where you saved it). When prompted name the document
yourlastname_adaworksheet. Upload the file using the Upload link for this assignment.
1. Describe what the American with Disabilities Act is and why it is important.

The ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas
of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the
general public. The purpose of the law is to make sure that people with disabilities have the same rights
and opportunities as everyone else. The ADA gives civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities
similar to those provided to individuals on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, and
religion. It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in public accommodations,
employment, transportation, state and local government services, and telecommunications.

2. Describe what Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act is and why it is important.

Title II applies to State and local government entities, and, in subtitle A, protects qualified individuals
with disabilities from discrimination on the basis of disability in services, programs, and activities
provided by State and local government entities. It is important because There are over 54 million
Americans who have a disability. Thats nearly 19%, or one in every five residents.

3. List at least 5 examples of types of disabilities covered by ADA and Title II.

1- Visual Impairment (Blindness)

2- Cerebral Palsy

3- Down Syndrome

4- Leg Amputation

5- Hearing Impairment ( Deafness)

4. Describe what Assistive Technology is as it related to students and learning. Provide at least two
examples.

Assistive technology refers to the devices and services that are used to increase, maintain, or improve the
capabilities of a student with a disability. Assistive technology that helps students with learning
disabilities includes computer programs and tablet applications that provide text-to-speech (e.g., Kurzweil
3000), speech-to-text (e.g., Dragon Naturally Speaking), word prediction capabilities (e.g., WordQ), and
graphic organizers (e.g., Inspiration).

5. Describe how captioning adds to accessibility to YouTube videos and why it is important.

Captions enable deaf and hard of hearing users to watch videos. This is important for all video publishers,
but especially educational institutions, government agencies, businesses, and broadcasters who need to
comply with accessibility laws and internal policies. Captions are also a huge help to people who know
English as a second language and they make it possible to watch video in sound sensitive environments,
like a workplace.

6. Describe what an alt tag is and how it adds accessibility to web pages and Microsoft Office
documents.

The alt attribute is used by "screen reader" software so that a person who is listening to the
content of a webpage (for instance, a person who is blind) can interact with this element. Every
image should have an alt attribute to be accessible.

7. Describe why blinking/flashing content in documents should be avoided for accessibility reasons.

Although the overall goal of screen movement is to appeal and engage users to a website, when not used
properly, screen movement can cause distraction and can be a problem to users with disabilities.
Excessive screen movement with no mechanism to control can make it difficult for users to gather
information. Users with visual processing or cognitive disabilities, who may need more time to read and
process the information, will encounter accessibility barriers if there is too much movement on a web
page. Moreover, when excessive screen movement such as blinking, flashing, and scrolling is used, there
is a risk that this may trigger seizures, dizziness or nausea to individuals prone to them.

8. Provide information on at least 2 of the following:


a) Describe what the Read&Write Chrome web browser extension is and how it helps students
with disabilities.

b) Describe what the crxMouse Chrome web browser extension is and how it helps students
with disabilities.

c) Describe what Sip-and-Puff technology is and how it helps students with disabilities.

Sip-and-puff systems are used by students who have mobility challenges, such as paralysis and fine motor
skill disabilities. These systems allow for control of a computer, mobile device or some other
technological application by the child moving the device with his or her mouth. Similar to a joystick, the
child can move the controller in any direction and click on various navigational tools using either a sip or
a puff. An on-screen keyboard allows the child to type using the same movements.

d) Describe what Ghotit technology is and how it helps students with disabilities.

Ghotit is specifically designed for students with dyslexia and other learning disorders who have
difficulties with writing. Ghotit features the ability to learn from the users past mistakes, personalizing
suggestions for spelling and grammatical errors. Ghotit can predict words, check passages of text
contextually, read text aloud using TTS technology and recognize split and merged words. It also includes
an integrated dictionary for students to quickly look up a word.