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Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) topic quiz

3.2 Physical Chemistry


Instructions and answers for teachers
These instructions cover the learner activity section which can be found on page 8. This
Lesson Element supports OCR AS and A Level Chemistry A.

When distributing the activity section to the learners either as a printed copy or as a
Word file you will need to remove the teacher instructions section.

The Activity
This Lesson Element is a teaching and learning resource containing 10 multiple choice
questions (MCQs) on the theme of physical chemistry. Some questions might require
synoptic thinking, using knowledge and ideas from various topics across the full A Level
content.

This resource can be used to test and consolidate understanding at the end of a topic or to
revisit and refresh knowledge at a later point in the course.

Learning Outcomes
This lesson element relates to the specification learning outcomes 3.2.1(d), 3.2.1(e), 3.2.1(f),
3.2.1(g), 3.2.2(a), 3.2.2(c), 3.2.2(d), 3.2.2(f), 3.2.2(g), 3.2.3(a), 3.2.3(b), 3.2.3(c), 3.2.3(f).

Introduction
Multiple choice questions allow rapid coverage of a wide range of sub-topics.

Contrary to a widespread belief among students, multiple choice questions are not
necessarily easy they can be easy, moderate or difficult.

The questions are written so that the incorrect answers are plausible distractors based on
common errors or misconceptions.

The questions in this quiz cover topics mainly from specification sections:

3.2 Physical Chemistry.

Version 1 1 OCR 2016


Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) topic quiz - answers
1. Which of the following is not a standard condition?

A 298 K Incorrect, this is a common ambient


temperature.

B 100 kPa Incorrect, this is known as standard pressure.

C 100 atm Correct answer. 1 atmosphere is


approximately 100 kPa.

D 1 mol dm3 solutions Incorrect, this is a condition most commonly


seen in electrochemical cells.

Your answer C

2. Which is the equivalent to the formation of carbon dioxide?

A combustion of hydrogen(g) Incorrect, this forms water.

B complete combustion of Correct answer. Formed from its elements in


carbon(s) their standard states, identical to CO2
formation.

C complete combustion of Incorrect, this forms carbon dioxide and


propane(l) water.

D incomplete combustion of Incorrect, this forms carbon monoxide and


propane(g) water.

Your answer B

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3. 15 g of octane is burned and used to heat 50 cm3 of water by 15 oC.
What is the amount of energy transferred to the water?
Assume a water density of 1 g cm3 and a specific heat capacity of 4.18 J g1 K1.

A 940.5 J Incorrect, learners have used the mass of


octane, not the mass of water heated.

B 3135 J Correct answer, 50 4.18 15 = 3135 J

C 940.5 kJ As above but they have also used the


incorrect units.

D 3135 kJ Incorrect, they have misinterpreted the units


in the equation.

Your answer B

4. Use the bond enthalpies to determine the cH for methane.

Bond Bond Enthalpy (kJ mol1)

CC 350

C=C 611

C=O 732

CO 350

CH 410

OH 460

O=O 498

A 1664 kJ mol1 Incorrect, they have not accounted for 2 O=O


bonds.

B 744 kJ mol1 Incorrect, they have not fully balanced or


accounted for the number of molecules.

C 668 kJ mol1 Correct answer, ((4 410) + (2 298)) ((2


732) + (4 460)).

D +252 kJ mol1 Incorrect, they have not accounted for 4 OH


bonds.

Your answer C

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5. Which reaction is not used to make a Hess cycle for the following reaction?
C2H4(g) + H2O(l) C2H5OH(l)

A fH ethanol Incorrect, this is needed for the


Hess cycle. fH ethanol fH
ethane cH hydrogen = rH.

B cH ethene Correct answer.

C cH hydrogen Incorrect, this needed for the Hess


cycle.

D fH ethene Incorrect, this needed for the Hess


cycle.

Your answer B

6. Which does not increase rate by affecting the number or nature of collisions?

A adding a catalyst Correct answer. This decreases Ea rather


than affecting the number of collisions.

B increasing the pressure Incorrect, higher pressure means more


collisions.

C increasing the surface area Incorrect, greater surface area means more
collisions.

D increasing the temperature Incorrect, this increases number of collisions


and the collision energy.

Your answer A

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7. What is the meaning of a heterogeneous catalyst?

A A catalyst which stays the same Incorrect.


throughout the reaction.

B A catalyst which changes Incorrect, a catalyst is not used up


throughout the reaction. by the reaction.

C A catalyst in the same state as Incorrect, homo = same, they have


the reactants. remembered the name incorrectly.

A catalyst in a different state to Correct answer, iron in the Haber


the reactants. process is an example.

Your answer

8. What does the shaded area represent?

A The number of additional Correct answer.


molecules which are likely to
react at a higher temperature.

B The number of molecules which Incorrect. They may have mixed up which
are likely to react at a lower curve represents high and low temperature.
temperature.

C The number of additional Incorrect. A catalyst question comes up


molecules which are likely to commonly but will show two Ea lines.
react in the presence of a
catalyst.

D The number of additional Incorrect.


molecules which are likely to
react in the presence of a
catalyst at higher temperature.

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A

Your answer

9. Which does not describe a reaction at equilibrium?

A Forward and backward Incorrect.


reactions occur at equal rate.

B The system must be closed. Incorrect, additional reactants or


products will disrupt equilibrium.

C Kc increases as the reaction Correct answer, Kc is constant


progresses. while temperature is maintained.

D Concentrations of reactants Incorrect. Concentrations are


and products are constant. constant because forward and
backward reactions are equal.

Your answer C

10. Which statement(s) is/are true regarding the reaction below?


N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) H = 92 kJ mol1
1) An increase in pressure will increase the rate and shift the equilibrium to the
right.
2) An increase in temperature will increase the rate and shift the equilibrium to
the right.
3) A catalyst will increase the rate and shift the equilibrium to the right.

A 1,2 and 3 Incorrect.

B only 1 and 2 1 is true, but increasing temperature will


move the equilibrium to the left.

C only 2 and 3 A catalyst has no effect on the position of the


equilibrium.

D only 1 Correct answer, increased pressure


increases rate for gases and moves the
equilibrium towards the side with fewest
moles of gas.

Your answer D

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This formative assessment resource has been produced as part of our free Chemistry teaching and learning support package. All the
Chemistry teaching and learning resources, including delivery guides, topic exploration packs, lesson elements and more are available on
the qualification webpages.
If you are looking for examination practice materials, you can find Sample Assessment Materials (SAMs) and a link to the Practice Papers
on the qualification webpages: Chemistry A, Chemistry B.

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Version 1 7 OCR 2016
Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) topic quiz

3.2 Physical Chemistry


Learner Activity

1. Which of the following is not a standard condition?

A 298 K

B 100 kPa

C 100 atm

D 1 mol dm3 solutions


Your answer

2. Which is the equivalent to the formation of carbon dioxide?

A combustion of hydrogen(g)

B complete combustion of carbon(s)

C complete combustion of propane(l)

D incomplete combustion of propane(g)


Your answer

3. 15 g of octane is burned and used to heat 50 cm3 of water by 15 oC.


What is the amount of energy transferred to the water?
Assume a water density of 1 g cm3 and a specific heat capacity of 4.18 J g1 K1.

A 940.5 J

B 3135 J

C 940.5 kJ

D 3135 kJ
Your answer

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4. Use the bond enthalpies to determine the cH for methane.

Bond Bond Enthalpy (kJ mol1)

CC 350

C=C 611

C=O 732

CO 350

CH 410

OH 460

O=O 498

A 1664 kJ mol1

B 744 kJ mol1

C 668 kJ mol1

D +252 kJ mol1
Your answer

5. Which reaction is not used to make a Hess cycle for the following reaction?
C2H4(g) + H2O(l) C2H5OH(l)

A fH ethanol

B cH ethene

C cH hydrogen

D fH ethene
Your answer

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6. Which does not increase rate by affecting the number or nature of collisions?

A adding a catalyst

B increasing the pressure

C increasing the surface area

D increasing the temperature


Your answer

7. What is the meaning of a heterogeneous catalyst?

A A catalyst which stays the same throughout the reaction.

B A catalyst which changes throughout the reaction.

C A catalyst in the same state as the reactants.

D A catalyst in a different state to the reactants.

Your answer

8. What does the shaded area represent?

A The number of additional molecules which are likely to react at a higher


temperature.

B The number of molecules which are likely to react at a lower temperature.

C The number of additional molecules which are likely to react in the presence of a
catalyst.

D The number of additional molecules which are likely to react in the presence of a
catalyst at higher temperature.
Your answer

9. Which does not describe a reaction at equilibrium?

Version 1 10 OCR 2016


A Forward and backward reactions occur at equal rate.

The system must be closed.


B

C Kc increases as the reaction progresses.

D Concentrations of reactants and products are constant.


Your answer

10. Which statement(s) is/are true regarding the reaction below?


N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) H = 92 kJ mol1
1) An increase in pressure will increase the rate and shift the equilibrium to the
right.
2) An increase in temperature will increase the rate and shift the equilibrium to
the right.
3) A catalyst will increase the rate and shift the equilibrium to the right.

A 1,2 and 3

B only 1 and 2

C only 2 and 3

D only 1
Your answer

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