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BobCAD-CAM Version 29 Training Workbook

About this Workbook

BobCAD-CAM
December 14, 2016

Copyright 2016 by BobCAD-CAM Inc., All rights reserved. No part of this work may be
reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including
photocopying and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system without prior
written permission of BobCAD-CAM Inc. unless such copying is expressly permitted by federal
copyright law. This document may be downloaded from www.bobcad.com and printed for
personal use. Address inquiries to Documentation Department, BobCAD-CAM, Inc., 28200 US
HWY 19 N., Suite E,
Clearwater, Florida 33761

AutoDesk, ACIS, Rhinoceros, ParaSolid, Predator CNC Editor,


Predator Virtual CNC, and SolidWorks are all trademarked by their respective companies.

2 Real CNC Programming Solutions for Global manufacturing | Copyright (c) BobCAD-CAM, Inc. 2016
BobCAD-CAM Version 29 Training Workbook
About this Workbook

Contents

ABOUT THIS WORKBOOK ...................................................................6

CAD BASICS ........................................................................................8

THE COORDINATE SYSTEM ............................................................................................................... 8

INSTALLATION ................................................................................. 12

PREPARING YOUR COMPUTER FOR INSTALLATION ........................................................ 12


SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS........................................................................................ 12

INSTALLING, ACTIVATING THE PLUG-IN, & REGISTERING BOBCAD-CAM


SOFTWARE....................................................................................... 19

SETTING UP THE TOOL DATABASE FOR MILL & ROUTER .................... 21

ADDING A TOOL HOLDERS & TOOLS......................................................................... 22


ADDING A TOOL TO THE TOOL LIBRARY ..................................................................... 23
USING TOOL CRIBS .............................................................................................. 24

MACHINE SETUP & POST PROCESSOR INSTALLATION ....................... 25

INSTALLING POST PROCESSORS ............................................................................... 26


ADDING YOUR MACHINE(S) ................................................................................... 27
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................ 27
ADD A NEW MACHINE .................................................................................................................. 29

MATERIAL LIBRARY FEEDS & SPEEDS ................................................ 32

ADDING & EDITING MATERIALS .............................................................................. 32


SELECTING MATERIAL ........................................................................................... 33

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MACHINE SETUP .............................................................................. 34

MACHINE SETUP .......................................................................................................................... 34


ORIGIN....................................................................................................................................... 34
OTHER ....................................................................................................................................... 36
SELECTION METHODS ........................................................................................... 37
THE MACHINE SETUP DIALOG BOX .......................................................................... 37
SELECT THE MACHINE SETUP .................................................................................. 37
HOW TO SELECT THE MACHINING ORIGIN.................................................................. 38
HOW TO SET THE MACHINING ORIGIN USING THE ENTER METHOD................................... 40
HOW TO SET THE MACHINING ORIGIN USING PICK FROM EXISTING UCS ........................... 40
OTHER .............................................................................................................. 41

TOOLPATH TEMPLATE SETUP ........................................................... 42

TOOLPATH PATTERN SETUP.................................................................................... 42


DRILL OPERATION SETUP....................................................................................... 44
DRILLING PARAMETERS ......................................................................................... 44
WORKING WITH TAPS........................................................................................... 45

THE STOCK WIZARD & PART ORIENTATION FOR MILL, ROUTER,


PLASMA, LASER AND WATER-JET...................................................... 46

HOW TO ACCESS THE STOCK WIZARD ....................................................................... 47


THE STOCK WIZARD DIALOG BOXES ......................................................................... 47
HOW TO SELECT THE STOCK TYPE .................................................................................................... 47
RECTANGULAR ............................................................................................................................. 48
CYLINDRICAL ............................................................................................................................... 50
WIREFRAME................................................................................................................................ 52
SOLID BODY ................................................................................................................................ 53
STL FILE ..................................................................................................................................... 53

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GENERATING SETUP SHEETS ............................................................. 54

SENDING FILES TO THE MACHINE ..................................................... 55

SAVING FILES TO A DISC ........................................................................................ 55


MILL.......................................................................................................................................... 55
LATHE ........................................................................................................................................ 55
WIRE EDM ................................................................................................................................ 55
RS-232 SETUP ................................................................................................... 55
TROUBLE SHOOTING NOTES: .......................................................................................................... 58

ADD-ON MODULES OVERVIEW ......................................................... 59

4 & 5 AXIS ........................................................................................................ 59

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About this Workbook

ABOUT THIS WORKBOOK

This workbook is meant to be read in order, the lessons are progressive and build upon
themselves; this workbook is also intended for use in conjunction with the included training
videos. The videos contain additional instructions as well as additional features offered in
BobCAD. The sections marked with an icon have a video that is associated with them along with
the title of the video.

This section covers the terms that are used within this manual. It is necessary to read this
portion of the document in order to interpret the training manual correctly. More information
about specific commands and functions can be found within the Help system included within
the BobCAD-CAM software.

Click means to Click with the left mouse button.

Right-Click means to Click with the right mouse button.

Compute a Toolpath means to generate Toolpath.

Click-Pause-Click means to slowly Click the mouse button twice.

Start This refers to the Start menu which is usually located on the Bottom Left of the
computer screen.

Double-Click This means to rapidly Click the mouse button two times.

Post Processor This is a unique driver specific to the CNC controller its intended to work
with. The Post Processor controls the format of the G-code produced by BobCAD-CAM.

Chain Select This means to hold the Shift-key on the keyboard and Click on a line. This will
select a loop of entities that will form a chain.

Window Select This means to hold the Left Mouse button down and then drag over the
entities to be selected releasing the Left Mouse button after the entities to be selected are hi-
lighted.

Notes: All of the part files that are used and referenced in this documentation are available on
Cds included with this training set. All contexts that have an associated video are labeled with
the video name in red. All part files that are associated are indicated in green.

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About this Workbook

After reading the workbook descriptions and watching the videos, more detailed information
about each command can be found by Clicking on Help then Help Topics within the BobCAD-
CAM software.

The Help Menu

Help Topics - displays the BobCAD-CAM Help System.


Use Online Help - uses the online version of the Help System. Click this item to remove
the check mark, and the local help system that was installed with the software is used
the next time you Click Help Topics. To view the most current version of this help
system, use online help.
Getting Started opens up the getting started videos inside the BobCAD-CAM system.
Tip of the Day - displays the Tip of the Day dialog box which contains software usage
tips.
System Info - displays a dialog box listing information about the host computer.
License - displays the License Status dialog box which lists what modules are licensed on
the system.
Activate Online - opens the Online Activation dialog box for you to type your License ID
and Password to activate your license on the computer. You must have an active
Internet connection.
Activate License - displays the Activate License dialog box that lists the User Codes and
Activation Codes boxes. This is used when activating the license by phone.
De-Authorize - displays the Activate License dialog box that lists the User Codes and
Activation Codes boxes. This is used to remove the license from the computer.
About BobCAD - displays a dialog box with information about the installed version of
BobCAD-CAM.

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CAD Basics

CAD BASICS

This section explains the CAD (computer aided drawing). It is important to become familiar with
the CAD commands to be able to move, modify and create geometry within the CAD system.
Even if you are working with imported files generated elsewhere it is important to be able to
modify geometry within the BobCAD-CAM system.
This Chapter will start by explaining individual commands then put them together using
practical examples.

The Coordinate System


All coordinates in BobCAD-CAM use what is called the Cartesian coordinate system.
The Cartesian coordinate system specifies each point uniquely in a plane by a pair of numerical
coordinates, which are the signed distances from the point to two fixed perpendicular directed
lines, measured in the same unit of length. In CAD the axis used are X, Y and Z. Each reference
line is called a coordinate axis or just axis of the system, and the point where they meet is its
origin. The origin in BobCAD-CAM is where the X, Y and Z axis meet on the screen; this point is
known as X, Y and Z 0.
When creating 2D drawings, all geometry or entities are positioned at Z0, this means the
drawing is 2D (Flat). All positioning and distances are measured in X and Y. See the image below
as an example.

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It is important to understand the coordinate system being used, this is how entities are placed
on the screen and measured.
The coordinate system is also broken down into quadrants.
The axes of a two-dimensional Cartesian system divide the plane into four infinite regions,
called quadrants, each bounded by two half-axes. These are numbered from 1st to 4th and
denoted by Roman numerals: I (where the signs of the two coordinates are I (+,+), II (,+), III
(,), and IV (+,). When the axes are drawn, the numbering goes counter-clockwise starting
from the upper right ("northeast") quadrant. See image below.

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When placing entities in the workspace using the CAD commands they will be placed based on
the Cartesian coordinate system. In the image on the prior page you can see the point (P) is
placed at 3, 5 in other words there is a point at X3 Y5. When entering coordinates into BobCAD-
CAM the X and Y positions work in the same manner as depicted above.

NOTE: 2D rotations are generally rotated around the Z axis.

Angles entered into BobCAD-CAM are based on what is called Polar Coordinates.
Polar coordinates are a two-dimensional coordinate system in which each point on a plane is
determined by a distance from a fixed point and an angle from a fixed direction.
Circles can be created by picking a Cartesian center point- X, Y and Z location, along with degree
values for the beginning and end of the arcs (Angles depicted below).

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This is best shown in the example below, A half circle or arc drawn with the center coordinates
of X2.0 Y1.0 and Z0.0 (Cartesian coordinates) with a beginning angle of 0 degrees(Polar
Coordinates ) and end angle of 180 degrees.

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Installation

INSTALLATION

Preparing Your Computer for Installation


For BobCAD-CAM to run efficiently it is critical that all necessary files are present on the
computer. BobCAD-CAM Uses the latest technology available, for this reason it is imperative
that the Windows System and Hardware drivers on the computer are up to date.
Before Installing BobCAD-CAM software, first ensure that the computer meets or exceeds our
system requirements.

System Requirements
In order to use BobCAD-CAM the following are system requirements for using Windows Vista,
Windows 7, Windows 8 or Windows 10.

Recommended System Requirements:


2.0 GHz processor or higher (multi-core)
6 GB RAM or higher
2 GB available hard disk storage
1GB graphics card that supports OpenGL 1.1
We suggest an ATI or NVIDIA graphics cards.

Minimum System Requirements:


2.0 GHz processor
3 GB RAM
2 GB available hard disk storage
256 MB graphics card that supports OpenGL 1.1
We suggest an ATI or NVIDIA graphics cards.
IE9 or above

A 64 Bit System is required.

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*BobCAD-CAMs stability is dependent on the graphics card ability to process information,


integrated memory graphics cards may work but are not recommended.

ATI or NVIDIA graphics cards with dedicated memory are recommended. The graphics cards
software driver must be updated to the current software drivers released by the graphics card
manufacturer.

**BobCAD-CAM is not supported on Apple Macintosh -based machines. Some customers have
shown success in running BobCAD-CAM in a Virtual Windows environment on Mac computers
using Boot Camp. While the end user may choose to run Windows on a MAC, this is not
supported by BobCAD-CAM Inc.

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Installation

Specifications - Recommended Vs. Minimum

The Minimum specification means that the BobCAD-CAM software will open and work; the
minimum requirements do not gauge performance and stability. For BobCAD-CAM to perform
reliably at its best, it is highly recommended to meet or exceed the recommended
specifications.

Checking System Requirements

For Windows Vista:

1. Left-Click Start
2. Start button, In the Search box type dxdiag
3. Press Enter
4. In the new window Click the Display tab

For Windows 7:

1. Left-Click Start
2. Start button, In the Search box type dxdiag
3. Press Enter
4. In the new window Click the Display tab

For Windows 8:

1. From the Windows 8 desktop, point the cursor at the lower right corner of the screen.
2. Click Search
3. Now select the Search option on the context menu.
4. Type dxdiag into the search bar located on the right side of the Apps screen.
5. Click the dxdiag search result on the left side of the Apps screen.

For Windows 10:

1. From the Windows 10 desktop, point the cursor at the lower left corner of the screen.
2. Click in the search field
3. Type dxdiag into the search field
4. Click the dxdiag search result that displays above

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Installation

Updating the Computer System

NOTE: Even new computers usually require software and driver updates. These updates are
released on a weekly and monthly basis, before installing BobCAD-CAM software you
should check that your Windows system and graphics card driver are up to date to
avoid future problems.

Should you not be able to do this for any reason do not worry, just proceed with the installation
of BobCAD-CAM but if a software stability problem arises you may need to re-visit obtaining and
installing these updates.

Windows Updates

Windows updates are necessary to ensure a stable working environment for the BobCAD-CAM
software to perform. There are different kinds of updates. Security updates or critical updates
protect against vulnerabilities to malware and security exploits. Other updates correct errors
that aren't related to security or enhance functionality.
Windows Updates are normally provided over an Internet connection, although there is
provision for updates to be installed on computers without an Internet connection. If your
computer is not or cannot be connected to the internet you should consult an IT professional
for help with how to obtain these updates. If the computer is or can be connected to the
internet, then check for and run all of the available updates from Microsoft. Your computer is
up to date when you've installed the latest updates for Windows and your programs.

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Installation

To Check for Windows Updates

For Windows Vista:

1. Left-Click Start
2. Start button, In the Search box type Windows Update
3. Press Enter
4. In the new window Click the Display tab

For Windows 7:

1. Left-Click Start
2. Start button, In the Search box type Windows Update
3. Press Enter
4. In the new window Click the Display tab

For Windows 8:

1. From the Windows 8 desktop, point the cursor at the lower right corner of the
screen.
2. Click Search
3. Now select the Search option on the context menu.
4. Type Windows Update into the search bar located on the right side of the Apps
screen.
5. Click the Windows Update search result on the left side of the Apps screen.

For Windows 10:

1. From the Windows 10 desktop, point the cursor at the lower left hand corner of the
screen
2. Click in the search field
3. Type Windows Updates into the search field
4. Click the Check for Updates result that displays above

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Installation

Updating the Graphics Card Driver

The graphics card driver is one of the most crucial dependencies for the software to preform
properly. It is a common misconception that Windows will update the graphics card driver. The
graphics card driver must be updated manually. To update the graphics card driver, the latest
driver must be obtained from the graphics card manufacturer. To update the graphics card
driver you will first need to know the make and model of the graphics card, to obtain this
information, Click on the Windows Start button, in the Search box type dxdiag (without the
quotes) then press enter. This will display a control panel that shows the processor, memory
and graphics card information.

For Windows Vista:

1. Left-Click Start
2. Start button, In the Search box type dxdiag
3. Press Enter
4. In the new window Click the Display tab

For Windows 7:

1. Left-Click Start
2. Start button, In the Search box type dxdiag
3. Press Enter
4. In the new window Click the Display tab

For Windows 8:

1. From the Windows 8 desktop, point the cursor at the lower left corner of the screen.
2. Click Search
3. Now select the Search option on the context menu.
4. Type dxdiag into the search bar located on the right side of the Apps screen.
5. Click the dxdiag search result on the left side of the Apps screen.

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For Windows 10:

1. From the Windows 10 desktop, click in the search field located on the bottom left
hand corner of your desktop.
2. Type in dxdiag.
3. Click the dxdiag search result.
4. In the new window Click on the Display Tab.

In the Direct X Diagnostic tool Click Display.


Write down the graphics cards make and model, and then search the internet to find the
manufactures website. Once you have found the manufactures website you can then follow
their instructions on downloading and installing the newer driver if available. If you are unable
to locate a newer driver for the cards you have do not worry this just means you are probably
already running the latest update.

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Installing, Activating the Plug-In, & Registering BobCAD-CAM Software

INSTALLING, ACTIVATING THE PLUG-IN, & REGISTERING BOBCAD-CAM


SOFTWARE

Installing BobCAD-CAM

To install the Software locate your BobCAD-CAM installation disk and place it in the CD drive.
The CD should play automatically, and then follow the onscreen instructions to complete the
installation.

Demo Mode

Once the five-day full unlock expires, the software begins running in the Demo Mode. This
allows you to still use the software, but without the ability to post NC programs, and any files
that are saved in Demo Mode can't be opened in the licensed version of the software. The
Demo Mode dialog box appears when the software is first launched.
The following two options are available.
Run as Demo the software is run in Demo Mode.
Register Online starts the online registration process.
Click Register Online to continue registering the software.

Registering BobCAD-CAM

The BobCAD-CAM software will need to be installed to your computer before registration, after
the original installation you will have a 5 day trial period where all modules will be registered
before you are required to activate the softwares license.
There are two methods to activate BobCAD-CAMs license, using the internet or by Phone.
To register by using the internet, follow the instructions below.

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Installing, Activating the Plug-In, & Registering BobCAD-CAM Software

Step 1. To open the software, Double-Click the BobCAD-CAM icon on the desktop or in the
Start menu, Click All Programs and select BobCAD-CAM.

Step 2. Trial Mode


When the software is first installed, all modules inside the software are licensed for
a five-day trial period. If you are within the first five days of installing the software,
the Trial Mode dialog box is displayed.
The following two options are available.
Run as Trial the software is unlocked for you to use for five days.
Register Online starts the online registration process.

Step 3. Type the License ID and the Password that were provided on the invoice with the
software package.
If you are registering multiple computers, you will need a License ID and Password
for each computer that you are registering.

Step 4. Click Activate. At this time the software attempts to connect to a server to obtain
authorization. When the connection is made successfully, and the License ID and
Password are valid, a dialog box is displayed indicating that the software has been
successfully licensed.

Step 5. When the dialog box indicating a successful activation has occurred, Click OK to
continue. The License Status dialog box is displayed with a list of which modules
were licensed, as well as the customer information.

NOTE: If an error occurred during the Online Activation, please contact BobCAD-CAM
Registration Department by phone at (727) 489-0003 or by email at
registration@bobcad.com.

To register by using the phone, from your computer with BobCAD-CAM installed call 727-489-
0003.

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Setting Up the Tool Database for Mill & Router

SETTING UP THE TOOL DATABASE FOR MILL & ROUTER

NOTE: For adding Lathe tools, skip ahead to the lathe tutorial.

The Milling Tool Library contains all of the available system tools. This dialog box is used to add,
delete, and modify tools. You can also load tool information from a previously saved file. On the
left side of the dialog box is a list of the supported Tool Types. The right side contains the Tool
Parameters list for each tool.

Taking the time to create all of the tools in your shop can greatly speed up the process of
creating milling features. You can then add the tools to the Milling Tool Crib quickly to create
the equivalent of the tool changer for each job. The Milling Tool Crib tool list can be saved to a
file for repeated use.

When selecting tools from the Milling Tool Library for a milling feature, a specialized version of
the tool list is displayed in the Select Tool dialog box.

NOTE: The only tools that must be entered into their library before use are the Tapping
tools. This is made so that the machine feed rates can be properly calculated.

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Setting Up the Tool Database for Mill & Router

Adding a Tool Holders & Tools


To add a tool holder to the tool library, follow the instructions below.

To access the Milling Tool Holder Library, in the CAM tree, Right-Click CAM Default, and
Click Mill Tool Holders.

From here you can find Add Arbor and Add Holder, Holders and arbors are entered here and a
drawing of them is generated dynamically as you build the Arbors and Holders.

NOTE: Arbors and Holders are only used for simulation purposes for 2 3.5 axis toolpaths at
this time it is not necessary to set up a holder nor an arbor, the default ones that
come pre-installed with BobCAD-CAM can be used.
Full documentation on all of the Arbor and Holder dialogues can be found within the
built in help system. To locate this information launch the help system by Clicking on
Help and then Click Help Topics. Search for the term Arbor or Holder.

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Setting Up the Tool Database for Mill & Router

Adding a Tool to the Tool Library


To add a tool to the tool library, follow the instructions below.

To access the Milling Tool Library, in the CAM tree, Right-Click CAM Default, and Click
Tool Library. In the left pane select a tool type, then Click on Add to add a new tool. Fill out the
Add tool dialogue box using the information that you have about your tools.

NOTE: The BobCAD-CAM Softwares tool library includes a limited amount of tool types that
BobCAD-CAM software supports.

Certain Unsupported or Custom tooling can be added to the library. If you add unsupported
tools to the tool library you must use an existing tool type for entry to the database, use the Tool
label (tools description) to identify these tools. Unsupported tools must be manually accounted
for within your CAD drawings and machines offsets.

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Setting Up the Tool Database for Mill & Router

Using Tool Cribs


The Milling Tool Crib is comparable to the tool changer on a machine. It adds two advantages to
the milling system. First, the Milling Tool Crib can be loaded and saved before you create milling
features. When the milling feature operations are created, the system automatically selects the
appropriate tool from the Milling Tool Crib. Second, when selecting tools for milling operations,
the tool crib shows all tools that are currently defined. By having the tools already defined, you
can eliminate the need to search the Milling Tool Library.

To add tools to a tool crib, follow the instructions below.


To access the Milling Tool Crib, in the CAM tree, Under Milling Job, Right-Click
Milling Tools, and then Click Tool Crib. Use this method to view all the tools currently loaded
in the Tool Crib.
Click on Add Tool from Library, and select the tool to add then Click OK.

NOTE: In order to load tools into the Milling Tool Crib before creating milling features, you
must create the tools in the Milling Tool Library.

When tools are created in the Tool dialog box, of a milling wizard, that are not pre-loaded into
the Milling Tool Crib, the tools are then automatically added.
When the Milling Tool Crib is accessed by Clicking Tool Crib from a milling wizard Tool dialog
box, the list automatically shows only the available tools for that operation type.

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Machine Setup & Post Processor Installation

MACHINE SETUP & POST PROCESSOR INSTALLATION

It is important to properly define your machines within BobCAD-CAM. The machine file controls
several aspects of the software.
The machine file controls the following Items
Simulation Post-Processor used
Gouge & Collision Checking Min. & Max. Feed Rates
Multi-Axis Posting Settings Min. & Max. Spindle Speed
Machines Physical Definition & Limits Unit Output
BobCAD-CAM Software Defaults Sequence Numbering.
Sub-Program Output The file extension for G-Code files.

These Items must be configured for your software to work properly.


The example used in the upcoming lesson is for a 3 axis mill with a 4th axis rotary table. The
steps used in the lesson will be the same steps used in creating any milling machine within
BobCAD-CAM.

BobCAD-CAM supports all G-Code based 3-5 Axis milling machines, the orientation and
configuration of these machines are determined by the machine configuration within BobCAD-
CAM.

It is strongly recommended that you first complete the tutorial in the next section before
attempting to setup your machine within BobCAD-CAM.

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Machine Setup & Post Processor Installation

Installing Post Processors

A post processor is the translator that formats the G-Code output by BobCAD-CAM into the
language that your CNC machine can read. It is important that you locate and install a post
processor as soon as possible, without post-process BobCAD-CAM software cannot program the
CNC machine.

Post-processors can be found & downloaded from the BobCAD-CAM website,


http://www.bobcad.com.
To install a post-processor, open your web browser and go to http://www.bobcad.com. Click on
Support and then PostProcessors. Follow the on-screen instructions to use the post-processor
wizard to download your post processor, make sure to save the file. After the post processor
has been saved to your computer, locate the file you had saved and Double-Click the file to
begin the installation.
The post installation copies the post file to the BobCAD-CAM softwares post directory, its
default location which for V29 Mill is in C:\BobCAD-CAM Data\ BobCAD-CAM V29\Posts\Mill.

NOTE: After the installation is complete you will now be able to locate the file when you
need to access it when setting up a machine. After Installation is complete there
should be no visible change, proceed to adding your machine.

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Machine Setup & Post Processor Installation

Adding Your Machine(s)

Introduction
This tutorial covers how to create a machine. Machine creation starts with a machine definition
to define each element of the machine. Then the parameters are defined for each element of
the machine, such as the moving direction and limits. The machine parameter values are used
in posting. For each element, geometry (.stl) files are added to define what appears in the
simulation window.

There are two levels of machine simulation: Standard Simulation and Pro Simulation. If you
have purchased the Machine Simulation Pro, 4 Axis Pro, 5 Axis Standard, or 5 Axis Pro module,
then you have the Pro Simulation. Regardless of what level of machine simulation you have,
you must still create a proper machine definition. The only difference is that with Standard
Simulation, you cant add geometry items to the machine definition that is used for simulation.

The following image shows the 4-axis machine that is created in this example.

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Machine Setup & Post Processor Installation

The following image shows all of the individual geometry files (.stl), together in one Workspace.
This is shown to help you understand how each geometry item is aligned in the Workspace
when creating the geometry files for the machine. The second image, the view is made
transparent and zoomed in to show the coordinate system used to align the machine elements.

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Machine Setup & Post Processor Installation

Add a New Machine

Step 1. In the CAM Tree, Right-Click CAM Default folder, and Click Current Settings.

Step 2. On the left side of the Milling Settings dialog box, make sure that Machine
Parameters is selected.

Step 3. On the right side of the dialog box, in the Machine group, Click Add.

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Machine Setup & Post Processor Installation

Step 4. In the Add/Modify dialog box, next to Machine Name, type the name of your
machine. For this example, the name is 4 Axis Example.

Step 5. Next to Type, select Milling.

Step 6. Next to Axes, select the 4 Axis Machine. To close the dialog box and add the new
machine, Click OK.

Step 7. The Make list now shows the new machine is selected and the Number of Axes
should display the number 4.

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Step 8. In the Machine Parameters group, define the parameters for your machine.

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Material Library Feeds & Speeds

MATERIAL LIBRARY FEEDS & SPEEDS

Feeds and speeds are calculated based on the material type selected; BobCAD-CAM comes with
hundreds of pre-configured materials that are accurately set up based on the Machinist
Toolbox. The feeds and speed references within BobCAD-CAM have been calculated based on
the Machinist Handbook and the book Mathematics at Work.

NOTE: The feeds and speeds that are suggested are a starting point only, many variables
need to be taken into account for when properly calculating feeds and speeds such
as, tooling, material, and machine rigidity and tool-path technique.

Adding & Editing Materials


You may need to add or modify materials within the database, to do so follow the instructions
below.

To access the Stock Material Library, in the CAM tree tab, under Milling Job, under

Stock, Right-Click Stock Material (such as Wrought Alum), and Click Edit. The Stock
Material Library dialog box appears.

To create a Material Group, in the Material Group, Click Add Group. The Add New Material
Group dialog box appears. To name the group, in the Material Group Name box, type My
Materials, and Click OK.

To add a new stock material to the group, in the Material Group, Click My Materials. In the
Material List area, Click Add Material. The Stock Material Feeds and Speeds dialog box
appears.

NOTE: Full documentation on all of the Stock Material Feeds and Speeds dialogue can be
found within the built in help system. To locate this information launch the help
system by Clicking on Help and then Click Help Topics. Search for the term stock
material.

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Material Library Feeds & Speeds

Selecting Material
The material being used within the CAM tree will set the feeds and speeds used by BobCAD-
CAM. To select the stock to be used follow the instructions below.

To access the Material Selection dialog box, in the CAM Tree, under Milling Job, under
Stock, Right-Click Stock Material and Click Edit.

You can now choose the material to be cut.

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Machine Setup

MACHINE SETUP

This dialog box is used to select the Machine Setup from the CAM Tree, define the machining
origin for the stock, as well as a few other machine settings.

Machine Setup

Machine Setup - this list shows all of the available Machine Setups in the CAM
tree. Select the Machine Setup that you want to edit.

Origin
The machining origin defines the coordinate system used for all milling features contained in
the Machine Setup. When the Machine Setup dialog box is open, the stock is automatically
outlined with wireframe entities to aid you in selecting the machining origin to use for the
Machine Setup. This eliminates the need to create geometry just to set the machining origin,
although you can do so, if it is necessary. You must select one of three methods to set the
machining origin.

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Pick Origin
Origin - enables selection mode for you to select geometry to define the machining
origin.
X Direction - enables selection mode for you to select geometry to define the X-axis
direction.
Reverse Direction - reverses the current X-axis direction.

Y Direction - enables selection mode for you to select geometry to define the Y-axis
direction.
Reverse Direction - reverses the current Y-axis direction.

Z Direction - enables selection mode for you to select geometry to define the Z-axis
direction.
Reverse Direction - reverses the current Z-axis direction.

Enter Origin - allows you to type coordinate values for the machine origin. Select this
option to type coordinate values in the X, Y, and Z boxes. (The Enter option must be
selected in the Size group.)

Pick From Existing UCS - uses an existing UCS (user coordinate system) from the UCS tab
of the Layer-UCS-Post Manager. Select this option to enable the UCS list.
UCS List - select from the available user coordinate systems to define the
machining origin.

TIP: When using the Stock Wizard, the Enter boxes for geometry and origin selection display
the current size of the stock.

Reset to Stock Coordinate - sets the machining origin on the stock to the same location
as the stock coordinate system from the Stock Definition dialog box.

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Other
Work Offset - opens the Work Offset dialog box. Select the Work Offset # used for this
Machine Setup. This must be properly defined in the Post Processor. All features that
are inserted in the selected Machine Setup use this value as the default. The Work
Offset # is also available in the Posting dialog box of the CAM Wizards.
The X, Y, and Z boxes are used to define the distance from the machine zero (the
top and center of the table, not the tool home) to the selected Machine Setup
coordinate system. This is required for proper machine simulation. An example
of this is shown in the next image. (These values should be left at zero for Wire
EDM Jobs as they do not currently support full machine simulation.)

Clearance Plane - sets the value used for the clearance plane in all milling features
inserted in the selected Machine Setup. This is the safe rapid distance between features
as an incremental value from the top of stock. This value is also used to automatically
set the default Rapid Plane value for all features inserted in the selected Machine Setup.
(The clearance plane does not display in the Machine Setup for Wire EDM Jobs.)

When the Machine Setup is defined, Click OK to finish the Stock Wizard.

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Machine Setup

Selection Methods
When selecting geometric entities from the workspace for an origin or axis direction:
For the Origin, you must select points or surface edges. Although, you can Click a line or
arc and the closest snap point of the entity is used. To view the snap points, while in
selection mode, press and hold down Shift and Click the entity. You can then Click the
point to use.
For the X, Y, or Z Direction, you must select points, lines, or surface edges. You can also
use snap points to create custom directions. When you use a snap point to define a
direction, the direction uses the current origin location and aligns the selected axis to
the selected snap point.

When defining the machining origin in the Machine Setup page:


Geometric entities are automatically created to assist you in selecting the machining
origin. The stock is outlined by lines and points, and a center line with points is also
drawn. When selecting geometry for the origin or a direction, you can Click these
entities.

The Machine Setup Dialog Box


This describes using the Machine Setup after completing the Stock Wizard. You first select a
Machine Setup, and then define the machining origin of the part, as well as selecting a work
offset, and clearance plane. Full documentation on all of the Machine Setup dialogue can be
found within the built in help system. To locate this information launch the help system by
Clicking on Help and then Click Help Topics. Search for the term Machine Setup.

Select the Machine Setup

The Machine Setup group at the top of the dialog box lists all the Machine Setup items
currently in the CAM Tree. Click the Machine Setup arrow and select the appropriate setup
from the list to add toolpath under the correct work offset.

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Machine Setup

How to Select the Machining Origin


The Machine Setup dialog box is used to set the machining origin or work offset for the part on
the machine. When this dialog box is opened, the stock shows the bounding box made of lines
and points. These lines and points are automatically created, for your convenience, to use when
setting the machining origin. By default, the machining origin is located at the WCS or world
coordinate system (X0 Y0 Z0) as shown next.

The previous image has shading turned off to better show the bounding box
selection entities.

Step 1. If you want to use the top and center of the stock as the machining origin, Click
Reset to Stock Coordinate. This uses the stock origin from the Stock Specification
tab.

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Machine Setup

Step 2. To change the machining origin to a different location, in the Origin group, Click in
the Pick Origin box, and select the desired location from geometry in the graphics
area. Once you pick a point, the move is automatically executed without the need to
Click OK.

TIP: The bounding entities that are created in the Machine Setup dialog box are for your
convenience in setting the machining origin. You are not limited to using these entities
when setting the machining origin.

The machining origin is now set to the lower-left corner on the top of the stock.

The direction of each axis of the machining origin can be altered in the Origin group. For
example, you can Click in the X-axis box, and then select the X-axis direction using geometry in
the graphics area. This can also be used to create custom orientations of the machining origin
coordinate.

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Machine Setup

How to set the Machining Origin using the Enter Method


Step 1. In the Origin group, select Enter Origin, and type a values in the X, Y, and Z boxes to
define the origin location.

The values are from the WCS.

Step 2. The default directions of the Machining Origin follow that of the WCS.

Step 3. To change the direction of one the coordinate system axes, Click next to X, Y, or Z
Direction to reverse the positive and negative direction of the corresponding axis.

How to set the Machining Origin using Pick From Existing UCS
Step 1. In the Origin group, select Pick From Existing UCS.

The UCS list becomes available.

Step 2. Click the UCS list arrow and select the desired UCS.

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Other
This group provides default settings that are used for all features inserted in the selected
Machine Setup in the CAM Tree.

Work Offset - opens the Work Offset dialog box. Select the Work Offset # used for this
Machine Setup. All milling features that are inserted in the selected Machine Setup use
this value as the default.
The X-, Y-, and Z-boxes are used to define the distance from the machine zero to
the selected Machine Setup coordinate system. An example of this is shown in
the next image.

Clearance Plane - sets the value used for the clearance plane in all milling features
inserted in the selected Machine Setup. This is the safe rapid distance between features
as an incremental value from the top of stock for the program. This value is also used to
automatically set the default Rapid Plane value for all features inserted in the selected
Machine Setup.

To finish the Machine Setup, Click OK.

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Toolpath Template Setup

TOOLPATH TEMPLATE SETUP

Toolpath Pattern Setup

To access the Tool Pattern Global dialog box, in the CAM Tree, Right-Click CAM Defaults,
and then Click Tool Pattern.

The following list provides definitions for important BobCAD-CAM terms that are used.
A Feature is a container for machining operations and it is defined by the geometry selection (or
geometry feature) to which machining operations are applied.
A Template is a predefined (default) set of operations that are applied to a feature.
An Operation is a toolpath that is applied with a specific machining purpose, such as drill,
profile, or pocket.

There are two main parts of the Tool Pattern dialog box. On the left side of the dialog box is the Feature
and Operation Template tree. The items under each feature type folder contains all of the available
operation templates for that feature. When you select an operation template, the Operations in
Template and Available Operations lists are displayed on the right side of the dialog box. This is the
second part, the Operations lists. You use the operations lists to customize the Tool Pattern.

Operations in Template
The Operations in Template list shows the default operations that are used when you create a
feature using the selected template.

TIP: The number and order of operations can be customized in the CAM wizard (at any
time during or after feature creation).

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Available Operations
The Available Operations list shows all operations that you can add to the Operations in
Template list.

(Add Operation) - adds the selected Available Operations to Operations in


Template.
(Delete Operation) - removes the selected operation from the list.
(Move Up) - moves the selected operation up one level.
(Move Down) - moves the selected operation down one level.

Import .tpatt - displays the Open dialog box for you to select a tool pattern (.tpatt) file
from earlier versions. The information from the file is added to the Tool Pattern.

OK - saves the current state of the Tool Pattern and closes the dialog box.
Cancel - closes the Tool Pattern without saving any changes.

NOTE: Full documentation on all of the Tool Pattern dialogue can be found within the built
in help system. To locate this information launch the help system by Clicking on Help
and then Click Help Topics. Search for the term Tool Pattern.

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Drill Operation Setup


The drilling operations within BobCAD-CAM are multi-tool or compound operations meaning,
that if you choose to drill a hole the software by default will use first a center drill and then a
drill or if you tap a hole, by default they software will Center Drill, Drill then tap the hole. These
features can be fully customized to include multiple tools or to only use single tools.
To edit the Tools used within features follow the instructions below.

Drilling Parameters
Much of the drilling done by BobCAD-CAM is automated. BobCAD-CAM automatically accounts
for items such as drill tip angle and through holes and adds depth to the drilling operations.
Before creating a program for drilling you should first understand exactly what BobCAD-CAM is
going to do when drilling. The drilling parameters used by BobCAD-CAM can be customized to
suit your needs, see the information below to see how to access the drilling parameters and
how to change or edit them.
The drilling parameters are configured within Cutting Condition Parameters see below for
instructions on how to access them.

To access the Cutting Condition Parameters, in the CAM tree, Right-Click Milling Job or
CAM Default, and Click Cutting Conditions. If you selected Milling Job, only the current part
or file is affected. If you selected CAM Default, the default software settings for all new files are
affected.

NOTE: Full documentation on all of Cutting Condition Parameters dialogue can be found
within the built in help system. To locate this information launch the help system by
Clicking on Help and then Click Help Topics. Search for the term Cutting Condition.

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Working with Taps


Taps must be added to the system through the thread library; this enables BobCAD-CAM to
associate drills and taps. The Thread Library dialog box allows you to view and edit Tap
definitions.

To add a tap follow the instructions below to set up the Thread Library.
To access the Thread Library dialog box, in the CAM Tree tab, Right-Click the CAM
Defaults folder, and Click Thread Library.

Then Click on Add Thread and enter the information about your tools.

NOTE: Full documentation on all of the Thread Library dialogue can be found within the
built in help system. To locate this information launch the help system by Clicking on
Help and then Click Help Topics. Search for the term Thread Library.

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The Stock Wizard & Part Orientation for Mill, Router, Plasma, Laser and Water-Jet

THE STOCK WIZARD & PART ORIENTATION FOR MILL, ROUTER, PLASMA,
LASER AND WATER-JET

Important Information
Before creating any milling features, you must create milling stock from which the part is cut. If
you try to insert a milling feature before creating stock, you are prompted to first run the Stock
Wizard.

NOTE: Full documentation on all of the Stock Wizard dialogue can be found within the built
in help system. To locate this information launch the help system by Clicking on Help
and then Click Help Topics. Search for the term Stock Wizard.

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How to Access the Stock Wizard


To access the Stock Wizard do one of the following:

In the CAM Tree, Under Milling Job, Right-Click Milling Stock, and Click Stock
Wizard.

The Stock Wizard Dialog Boxes


Stock Specification
Select the stock type and enter settings for your specific stock.

Machine Setup
Select the Machine Setup, set the machining origin for the stock, and other machine
settings.

How to Select the Stock Type


In the Stock Type dialog box, select the appropriate Stock Type.
Stock Type
Select one of the following options to set the type of stock created.
Rectangular - creates a cubic stock.
Cylindrical - creates a cylindrical stock.
Wireframe - creates a custom shaped stock by extruding 2D geometry.
Solid Body - creates stock from a solid body in the graphics area.
STL File - creates stock from an .stl file.
Revolve Creates custom stock by revolving sketch geometry.

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Rectangular
Size
Bounding Box - sets the stock size using the extents of the part geometry. The bounding
stock is created using one of the two following Geometry Options.
Auto from Workspace - automatically sets the stock size using all geometry that
is currently in the Workspace. If solid and wireframe geometry exist, only the
solid is used to create the bounding box.
Pick - is used to manually select geometry to define the bounding box. To enable
selection mode, Click Pick Geometry. Select the appropriate geometry from the
Workspace, and then Click OK.

Enter - allows you to type values for the stock size as follows.
Length (X) - is the stock length along the X-axis.
Width (Y) - is the stock width along the Y-axis.
Height (Z) - is the stock height along the Z-axis.

Stock Orientation
This group defines where the stock is located in the graphics area. When the stock
geometry is defined, the stock origin is automatically placed at the top and center of the
stock.
To make all of the orientation options available, in the Size group, Click Enter.

Pick Origin - is used to manually select geometry in the Workspace as the stock origin.
Origin - enables selection mode for you to select geometry to define the stock
origin.
X Direction - enables selection mode for you to select geometry to define the X-
axis direction.
Reverse Direction - reverses the current X-axis direction.

Y Direction - enables selection mode for you to select geometry to define the Y-
axis direction.
Reverse Direction - reverses the selected Y-axis direction.

Enter Origin - allows you to type coordinate values for the stock origin. Select this option to type
coordinate values in the X, Y, and Z boxes.

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Offset
This group is used to extend or trim the stock geometry along any of the Cartesian axes.
You can type positive or negative values to extend or trim the stock respectively in each
direction.

Offset Diagram
-X - the negative X-axis
direction.
+X - the positive X-axis
direction.
-Y - the negative Y-axis
direction.
+Y - the positive Y-axis
direction.
-Z - the negative Z-axis
direction.
+Z - the positive Z-axis
direction.

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Cylindrical
Size
Bounding Box - sets the stock size using the extents of the part geometry. The box is
created using one of the two following Geometry Options.
Auto from Workspace - automatically sets the stock size using all geometry that
is currently in the Workspace. If solid and wireframe geometry exist, only the
solid is used to create the bounding box.
Pick - is used to manually select geometry to define the stock size. To enable
selection mode, Click Pick Geometry. Select the appropriate geometry from the
Workspace, and then Click OK.

Enter - allow you to type values for the stock size as follows:
Diameter - is the diameter of the cylindrical stock.
Height - is the height of the cylindrical stock.

Stock Orientation
This group defines where the stock is located in the Workspace. When the stock geometry is
defined, the stock origin is automatically placed at the top and center of the stock.

To make all of the orientation options available, in the Size group, select Enter.

Extrusion Direction - defines the direction in which the cylinder is extruded. Select X-
axis, Y-axis, or Z-axis.
Pick Origin - is used to manually select geometry in the Workspace as the stock origin.
Origin - enables selection mode for you to select geometry to define the stock
origin.
X Direction - enables selection mode for you to select geometry to define the X-
axis direction.
Reverse Direction - reverses the current X-axis direction.

Y Direction - enables selection mode for you to select geometry to define the Y-
axis direction.
Reverse Direction - reverses the selected Y-axis direction.

Enter Origin - allows you to type coordinate values for the stock origin. Select this
option to type coordinate values in the X, Y, and Z boxes. (The Enter option must be
selected in the Size group.)

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Offset
This group is used to extend or trim the cylindrical stock geometry. You can type positive
or negative values to extend or trim the stock respectively in three directions.

Offset Diagram
Diameter Offset - offsets the stock
diameter. (1)
Start Face Offset - offsets the top face
(where the stock origin is displayed).
(2)
End Face Offset - offsets the bottom
face or the face opposite from the
stock origin. (3)

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Wireframe
Size

Pick Geometry - is used to manually select geometry to define the stock size. To enable
selection mode, Click Pick Geometry. Select the appropriate wireframe geometry from
the Workspace, and then Click OK.
Top of Stock - is the top of the stock (or the most positive value of the stock along the
selected Extrusion Direction axis). Select from one of the following options:
Height - defines the height of the extruded stock in relation to the Top of Stock.

Stock Orientation
This group defines where the stock is located in the Workspace. When the stock geometry is
defined, the stock origin is automatically placed at the top and center of the stock.

Extrusion Direction - defines the direction in which the cylinder is extruded. Select X-
axis, Y-axis, or Z-axis.
X Direction - enables selection mode for you to select geometry to define the X-axis
direction.
Reverse Direction - reverses the current X-axis direction.

Y Direction - enables selection mode for you to select geometry to define the Y-axis
direction.
Reverse Direction - reverses the current Y-axis direction.

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Solid Body

Pick Solid Model - enables selection mode for you to select the solid model in the
Workspace. Press the Spacebar (or Click OK) to accept the selection..

STL File
Browse - displays the Open dialog box for you to locate and open an .stl file which is
used to create the stock geometry. There is an informational display to show the file
name of the file currently in use.

STL File Unit


Select the unit type in which the .stl file was created: millimeter or inch.

Once the Stock Orientation is defined, Click next to go to the Machine Setup dialog box.

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Generating Setup Sheets

GENERATING SETUP SHEETS

Generate Setup Sheet - opens the Setup Sheet dialog box for you to select a template to
format the output of the setup sheet and define what information is included. Select a
Template, and Click OK. The setup sheet is created and displayed in a browser showing
all of the applicable information for the current job.
Generate Setup Sheet & Save As - opens the Setup Sheet dialog box for you to select a
template to format the output of the setup sheet and define what information is
included. Select a Template, and Click OK. The Save As dialog box is displayed for you to
select a location in which all of the setup sheet information is stored. Select a location
and name the .xml file. When you Click OK, a folder is created with all of the same
information of the selected template, and the .xml file, in the specified location. The
setup sheet is then displayed in a browser showing all of the applicable information for
the current job.

TIP: When the Setup Sheet information is displayed, you can use the File - Save As
command of the browser to save the file to another format or for later use. You can
also print the setup sheet using the File - Print commands of the browser.

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Sending Files to the Machine

SENDING FILES TO THE MACHINE

Saving Files to a Disc

Mill

To post a Lathe program after completing a Turning feature, in the CAM Tree, Right-Click
Milling Job, and Click Post & Save As then choose the location to save the file.

Lathe

To post a Lathe program after completing a Turning feature, in the CAM Tree, Right-Click
Turning Job, and Click Post & Save As then choose the location to save the file.

Wire EDM

To post a Wire EDM program after completing a Wire EDM feature, in the CAM Tree, Right-
Click Wire EDM, and Click Post & Save As then choose the location to save the file.

Rs-232 Setup

Follow the steps below to set up the Rs-232 Communication between BobCAD-CAM and your
CNC machine.

Step 1. Gather all necessary data.


In order to set up the communications you must first have the following
information.
Baud Rate:
Data Bits:
Stop Bits:
Parity:
Flow Control:
The Computer's Comm Port Number:

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Sending Files to the Machine

Step 2. Ensure the serial cable correctly configured.


The cable must be properly configured "wired" for your machine. Cables can be
purchased through BobCAD or through your machine dealer.

Step 3. Make sure your serial port is installed correctly configured.


The serial port should have its own baud, parity, data bits, and flow control. These
settings must be set to match your machine settings

To access the Device Manager, use the following method:


For Windows Vista:

1. Left-Click Start
2. Left-Click Control Panel
3. Left-Click Performance and Maintenance
4. Left-Click System
5. Left-Click the Hardware Tab at the top of the new window
6. Left-Click Device Manager

For Windows 7:

1. Left-Click Start
2. Left-Click Control Panel
3. Left-Click System and Security
4. Left-Click System
5. Left-Click Device Manager

For Windows 8:
1. Right-Click the Start normally located on the bottom left of the computer screen
2. Click Device Manager

Once in the Device Manger:

1. Go to the Ports tab


2. Expand the ports tab
3. The Comm Port Should be displayed below this tab.
4. Right-Click on the Comm Port that is being sent through and then Click
Properties.
5. In the new window Click Port Settings.

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Sending Files to the Machine

For Windows 10:


1. Right Click on the Start Icon.
2. Left Click on Control Panel.
3. Left Click on System and Security.
4. Left Click on System.
5. Left Click on Device Manager.

Step 4. Set your machine to Receive.


-If you are not sure how to do this you will need to consult your machine manual or
dealer.

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Step 5. Launch the communication software (Predator Editor).


To launch the editor use any of the following methods:

-In BobCAD-CAM Click on Modules then Edit CNC.

-In the Layers-UCS-Post Manager Right-Click in the Posting Tab then Left-Click Edit.

- From the Windows desktop Double-Click the PEditor Shortcut.

Step 6. Configure the communication software (Predator Editor).


From the Editor Click on DNC then Properties set the Port, Baud, Parity, Data, Stop
and Flow Control Values.
Click Next 4 times then Click finish. (The settings on all but the first page need not be
changed. Only the Values described above.)

Step 7. Send a file to the Machine.


From the editor Click on DNC then Send To CNC.

Trouble Shooting Notes:


1. A "standard" RS-232 null modem cable from an electronics store will not work. The cable
must be wired properly for the machine.
2. The cable must be a serial cable. A parallel cable will not work.
3. USB to serial adapters can be problematic. An internal serial card is always a better solution.
4. If you do not know the proper settings for your machine, contact your machine manufacturer
as they will be able to provide the proper settings to you.
5. If no port appears in the device manager, you will need to install or reinstall your serial port
device.
6. If using a USB to serial adapter (not recommended!), ensure the driver disk has been loaded
and the settings (baud, parity, data bits and flow control) are the same as set on your machine.
7. If the cable is improperly configured sometimes it is possible to send but not receive, and
vice versa.
8. If running in a DNC mode you may need to include a line delay amount. Set this value to 0 for
standard RS-232 communication.

58 Real CNC Programming Solutions for Global manufacturing | Copyright (c) BobCAD-CAM, Inc. 2016
BobCAD-CAM Version 29 Training Workbook
Add-On Modules Overview

ADD-ON MODULES OVERVIEW

4 & 5 Axis

NOTE: The 4 & 5 Axis modules are fully documented (including tutorials), to locate this
information launch the help system. To locate this information launch the help
system by Clicking on Help and then Click Help Topics. Searching for the term
Multiaxis.

Real CNC Programming Solutions for Global manufacturing | Copyright (c) BobCAD-CAM, Inc. 2016 59