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DATA & OBSERVATIONS

Brass

Diameter : 6.0 mm

Lo : 40.0 mm

LU : 46.0mm

Elongation, L=LU-LO (mm) Force (kN)


0.1 1.00
0.2 3.25
0.3 5.50
0.4 8.00
0.5 10.00
0.6 11.50
0.7 12.50
0.8 13.00
0.9 13.25
1.0 13.50
1.2 13.50
1.4 13.50
1.6 13.50
1.8 14.00
2.0 14.20
2.2 14.25
2.4 14.25
2.6 14.50
2.8 14.50
3.0 14.50
3.2 14.50
3.4 14.50
3.6 14.50
3.8 14.75
4.0 14.75
4.2 14.75
4.4 14.75
4.6 14.75
4.8 14.75
5.0 14.75
5.2 14.75
5.4 14.75
5.6 14.50
5.8 14.50
6.0 14.00
6.2 Fractured

Copper

Diameter : 6.00 mm

Lo : 40.0 mm

LU : 46.0 mm
Elongation, L=LU-LO (mm) Force (kN)
0.1 2.50
0.2 4.00
0.3 6.50
0.4 8.50
0.5 9.00
0.6 9.00
0.7 9.00
0.8 9.00
0.9 9.00
1.0 9.00
1.2 9.00
1.4 9.00
1.6 9.00
1.8 9.00
2.0 9.00
2.2 9.00
2.4 9.00
2.6 9.00
2.8 9.00
3.0 9.00
3.2 9.00
3.4 9.00
3.6 8.75
3.8 8.75
4.0 8.50
4.2 8.45
4.4 8.20
4.6 8.00
4.8 7.75
5.0 7.50
5.2 7.25
5.4 6.90
5.6 6.50
5.8 6.00
6.0 5.50
6.2 Fractured

Sample calculation for Copper and Brass :

[Taken from first reading for Brass (Table 3)]


To calculate the engineering stress, :-
F d 2
, where A0
A0 4
4F
Therefore,
d 2
At L= 0.1 mm, F=1.00 kN
4F 4 1
35367.77kPa
d 2
0.0065 2

To calculate the engineering strain, :-


LU LO L 0.1mm
0.0025
LO LO 40mm
To calculate Modulus of Elastisity, E :-
35367.77
= = = 14147.11MPa
0.0025