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The Psychoanalysis between Science and Religion from the book The Lost Symbol by
Dan Brown.

Group 2: BAUTISTA, Allen Patricia Rhia S. , BOBADILLA, Shelly Ann FRANCO, Jenny
Lyn, , JAVILLONAR, Jillian Mae , RANAY, Raymart , VISCO, Arjane Clare


The Lost Symbol aims to provide a better understanding in different fallacies about its
true meaning. Moreover, this provides better reflections about the unorthodox of
idealism, science and religion. The novel was about Professor Robert Langdon who
manages to divulge the secrets kept for centuries. Peter and her sister Katherine was
betrayed by Mal'akh. Peter, Langdon's friend, was sent to a temple to forcedly provide
the lost words to Mal'akh believing it was the truth. Mal'akh then was dead after a tragic
confession sending him to darkness and fear. The intriguing Ancient Mystery was
actually a buried book in the monument and the discoveries were secrets of life.


Robert Langdon, a professor and symbologist at Harvard University, was summoned to

give a lecture in the U.S. Capitol Building for his mentor, Peter Solomon not knowing
that he was nauseated to see his old friends deceased hand National Statuary Hall
encoded with five symbol-ancient invitations. Langdon knew that it wasnt Peter, a
prominent Mason and philanthropist, who have summoned him, but a kidnapper that
has taken Peter as a captive. The only chance of saving Peter is to accept the ancient
invitation and follow the orders of whoever was the intellect behind it.

After a long journey in finding what Mal'akh seeks. Langdon, putting himself in the
clandestine world of Masonic secrets and unprecedented revelations seems to notice
that there were nothing extraordinary and that all these efforts are getting nowhere,
leading him to an inconceivable and impossible truth. He discovered that there was
nothing more shocking than the secrets of life that hides in plain sights told by Peter

.The novel also discusses Science, Specifically Noetic Science that discusses most
basic literally sense, understanding, thinking or relating intellect. It clearly suggested
that thoughts had mass and so it stood to reason, then the human soul might therefore
also have mass and human thoughts that can literally transform.

A. Theme
The Curiosity and Misconceptions about Science and Religion.

The Lost Symbol tackles about the conflict between Religion and Science, two opposing
beliefs and principles that contrast each other. In religion, believing and having faith on
its principles without any proof or evidence that it exist. Science, which are hope to have
common grounds with religion, was gained from the analysis of theories from all the
aspects of subjects, proving one hypothesis in researching and finding proof evidence
before believing it.

Katherine Solomon she define the science. Shes working half of her life dedicated on
noetic science, having a goal that she can share a breakthrough knowledge on every
individual on the right time.

She believes that Human thought can literally transform the physical world. Chapter 15

any tiny idea that forms in your mind actually has mass ? What if I told you that a
thought is an actual thing.. Chapter 18 pg. 100

Peter Solomon defines religion. Peter Solomon is a high grade member of Masons,
they have different religions sector but they have same belief and principles on this
brotherhood, he himself remain open minded.

Mason make no promises of salvation; they have no specific theology; and they do
not seek to convert you.. Chapter 6 pg.42

On the contrary. One of the prerequisities for becoming a Mason is that you must
believe in a higher power. The difference between Masonic spirituality and organized
religion is that the Masons do not impose a specific definition or name on a higher
power. Rather than definitive theological identities like God, Allah, Buddha, or Jesus,
the Masons are more general terms like Supreme being or Great Architect of the
Universe. This enables the Masons of different faiths gather together. Chapter 6 pg. 42

B. Literary Theory:

Literary theory is defined as a systematic of the nature of literature and of the

methods for analyzing literature. [1] and also it acts different lenses critics used to write
and talk about art, literature, and even culture. These different lenses allow critics to
consider works of art based on certain assumptions. Those assumptions come from the
theories and decide what particular aspects of a work are important.[2]

In this novel report the literary theory that we will view the novel The Lost Symbol by
Dan Brown is through the Psychoanalytic theory.

Psychoanalytic Theory through it we can understand the text by psychoanalyzing

motives, characters, symbols, actions, or any number of literary devices in order to
discover meaning. [3]

The psychoanalytic theory is based on Sigmund Freud studies in Psychology. The

tripartite psyche are Id, ego, and super-ego, the three parts of the psychic apparatus
defined in Sigmund Freud's structural model of the psyche. The three parts are the
theoretical constructs in terms of whose activity and interaction our mental life is
described. [4]

Id The Id according to experts is the disorganized part of the personality structure

that contains a human's basic, instinctual drives. Id is the only component of personality
that is present from birth. It is the source of our bodily needs, wants, desires, and
impulses, particularly our sexual and aggressive drives. The id contains the libido, which
is the primary source of instinctual force that is unresponsive to the demands of reality.
The id acts according to the "pleasure principle"the psychic force that motivates the
tendency to seek immediate gratification of any impulse - defined as seeking to avoid
pain or unpleasure (not "displeasure") aroused by increases in instinctual tension. [5]
Ego - The ego according to experts (Latin for "I") acts according to the reality principle,
it seeks to please the id's drive in realistic ways that will benefit in the long term rather
than bring grief. At the same time, Freud concedes that as the ego "attempts to mediate
between id and reality, it is often obliged to cloak the [unconscious] commands of the id
with its own [ preconscious ] rationalizations, to conceal the id's conflicts with reality, to be taking notice of reality even when the id has remained rigid and
unyielding." The reality principle that operates the ego is a regulating mechanism that
enables the individual to delay gratifying immediate needs and function effectively in the
real world. An example would be to resist the urge to grab other people's belongings,
but instead to purchase those items. [6]

Super Ego - The super-ego according to experts reflects the internalization of cultural
rules, mainly taught by parents applying their guidance and influence. Freud developed
his concept of the super-ego from an earlier combination of the ego ideal and the
"special psychical agency which performs the task of seeing that narcissistic satisfaction
from the ego ideal is ensured...what we call our 'conscience'." For him "the installation of
the super-ego can be described as a successful instance of identification with the
parental agency," while as development proceeds "the super-ego also takes on the
influence of those who have stepped into the place of parents educators, teachers,
people chosen as ideal models". [7]

The novels characters will be viewed using the tripartite psyche thus we can infer that:

Mal Akh - Mal Akh is to be considered the character that symbolizes the Id, as had
been defined earlier, the id contains the humans basic instinctual drives, It is the source
of our bodily needs, wants, desires, and impulses, particularly our sexual and
aggressive drives. in the events of the novel , Mal Akh had his body decorated with
tattoos and call himself a masterpiece, he want to uncover a ancient mystery through
using Peter Solomon and Robert Langdon to achieve his desires even if it cost lives of
people he clearly doesnt care, instead he acts according to his desires.
Robert Langdon is the character that symbolizes the Super Ego, the super- ego plays
the critical and moralizing role [8] , as the events of the novel unfold, Robert Langdon
the main protagonist finds himself in a situation where the life of his friend, mentor, and
what he considers almost a father to him, is in a life and death situation, He acted to
help Peter Solomon by helping Mal Akh to decipher what he needed to achieve his

Peter Solomon - We consider Peter Solomon to be the character that symbolizes the
Ego, the Ego acts according to the reality principle, it seeks to please the id's drive in
realistic ways that will benefit in the long term rather than bring grief. In the novel, it is
stated that Peter come from a prominent family, and he is known person with riches and
wits, he is an elite and a philanthropist, he achieve all of this through hard work not by
doing something wretched things to achieve his desires.

As Robert Langdon continues to decipher the ancient mysteries through the
masonic pyramid he also unravels the secrets and truth in every character
around him. The Lost symbol introduces the difference, misconceptions and
correlation of religion and science to each other and how it can effect on the
beliefs and principles of one individual. The novel also discusses the stages
of personality, from being having a strong desire to having a strong and open
mind that can control oneself.

V. References

1. The Lost Symbol Book by Dan Brown

5. (n.d.). Id, ego and super-ego. Retrieved July 1, 2017, from,_ego_and_super-ego
6. (n.d.). Id, ego and super-ego. Retrieved July 1, 2017, from,_ego_and_super-ego
7. (n.d.). Id, ego and super-ego. Retrieved July 1, 2017, from,_ego_and_super-ego
8. (n.d.). Id, ego and super-ego. Retrieved July 1, 2017, from,_ego_and_super-ego
9. (n.d.). Id, ego and super-ego. Retrieved July 1, 2017, from,_ego_and_super-ego