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Reinforced Concrete II Hashemite University

The Hashemite University


Department of Civil Engineering

Lecture 2 One
One--way Joist
Slab System

Dr.
Dr Hazim Dwairi

Dr. Hazim Dwairi The Hashemite University Reinforced Concrete II

One--way Joist Floor System


One

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Reinforced Concrete II Hashemite University

One--way Joist Floor System


One

Dr. Hazim Dwairi The Hashemite University Reinforced Concrete II

One-way Joist
One-
Floor System

General
G l fframing
i
layout of the pan joist
system

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Reinforced Concrete II Hashemite University

General framing layout of the pan


joist system

Dr. Hazim Dwairi The Hashemite University Reinforced Concrete II

ACI Code Recommendations

ACI 8.13.1: Joist construction consists of a


monolithic combination of regularly spaced
ribs and a top slab arranged to span in one
direction or two orthogonal directions.
50mm without filler
Solid Slab, hs = larger of 40mm with filler
S (1/12) S
hs

Slope 1:12 Max. = (3.5)b

Max. 750mm
Min. b=100mm

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Reinforced Concrete II Hashemite University

Minimum Slab System Depth

Based on deflection control. use table 9.5(a) in


the ACI code to check minimum thickness
required.

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Distribution Rib (Cross Rib)


Distribution Ribs
Placed p perpendicular
p to jjoists*
Spans < 6.0 m: Use None
Spans 6.0-
6.0-9.0 m: Provided at
midspan
Spans > 9.0 m: Provided at third-third-
points
At least
l t one continuous
ti 12 b bar iis
provided at top and bottom of
distribution rib.
*Note: not required by ACI Code, but
typically used in construction
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Reinforced Concrete II Hashemite University

Dead Load Calculations

Permanent loads such as fixed


machines or furniture
Weight of the structural elements
(R.C. unit weight = 25 kN kN/m
/m3)
Weight
g of fixed attachments such as
tiles, mortar, false ceiling etc.

Dr. Hazim Dwairi The Hashemite University Reinforced Concrete II

Typical One
One--way Joist Slab

Typical Cross-Section

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Reinforced Concrete II Hashemite University

Load Calculations
Slab Loads:
Tiles = (0.025) (22) = 0.55 kN
kN/m
/m2
Mortar = (0.025) (22) = 0.55 kN
kN/m
/m2
Sand Fill = (0.100) (13) = 1.30 kN
kN/m
/m2
Solid Slab = (0.070) (25) = 1.75 kN
kN/m
/m2
Total kN/m2
= 4.15 kN/m
Rib Loads:
Joist Web = (0.18) (0.135) (25)=
(25)= 0.61 kN
kN/m
/m
5 Blocks/m = 5 (0.18 kN
kN/Block)
/Block) = 0.90 kN
kN/m
/m
Plaster = (0.52) (0.025)(22) = 0.29 kN
kN/m
/m
Total = 1.80 kN/m
kN/m
Dr. Hazim Dwairi The Hashemite University Reinforced Concrete II

Load Calculations

Total Ultimate Rib Load


Dead Load from Slab = (0.52)
(0 52) (4.15)
(4 15) = 2.16
2 16 kN
kN/m
/m
Live Load from Slab = (0.52) (2.0) = 1.04 kN
kN/m
/m
wu = 1.2 (1.80 + 2.16) + 1.6 (1.04) = 6.42 kN/m
kN/m

Total Ultimate Load on Slab:


wu = 6.42/0.52 = 12.34 kN /m2
kN/m

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Reinforced Concrete II Hashemite University

Cases of Loading (Pattern Loads)

Using influence lines to determine pattern loads

Largest moments in a continuous beam or frame


occur when some spans are loaded and others
are not.

Influence lines are used to determine which


spans to load and which spans not to load.

Dr. Hazim Dwairi The Hashemite University Reinforced Concrete II

Qualitative Influence Lines

The Mueller
Mueller--Breslau principle can be stated as
follows:
If a function at a point on a structure, such as
reaction, or shear, or moment is allowed to act
without restraint, the deflected shape of the
structure, to some scale, represents the
influence line of the function
function.

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Reinforced Concrete II Hashemite University

Qualitative Influence Lines

Dr. Hazim Dwairi The Hashemite University Reinforced Concrete II

One-way Joist Slab


One-
Design Example
Design a typical
joist and solid slab
for the floor
system shown
below.
Floor system is
part of residential
building.

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Reinforced Concrete II Hashemite University

One-way Joist Slab


One-
Design Example

4400mm 4400mm

Clear Span ln = 4400 400 = 4000 mm


Min. thickness hmin = 4000/18.5 = 216 mm
Use typical slab thickness h = 250 mm.

Dr. Hazim Dwairi The Hashemite University Reinforced Concrete II

One-way Joist Slab


One-
Design Example
Recall:
Ultimate rib load wu = 6.42
6 42 kN
kN/m
/m
Ultimate slab load wu = 12.34 kN/m
kN/m2
ACI moment and shear envelopes
Cm = -1/9 if only
two spans

Cm = -1/24 1/14 -1/10 -1/11 1/16 -1/11 -1/11


Cv = 1.0 Eq. 1 1.15 1.0 Eq. 1 1.0 1.0

(c) Discontinuous end integral with support where support is spandrel beam

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Reinforced Concrete II Hashemite University

One-way Joist Slab


One-
Design Example
Typical Rib Flexure Design
wu = 6.42
6 42 kN
kN/m
/m
ln = 4000 mm
d = 250 20 10 10/2 = 215 mm
As,min = 0.0033 (120) (215) = 85.14 mm2

Moment Coeff. kN.m a (mm) As (mm2) Bar size


Mu ve* wuln 210
2/24 4.28 7.88 54.4
Mu ve* wuln2/9 11.41 21.74 150.0 210
Mu +ve** wuln 210
2/14 7.34 3.09 92.3
*Rectangular Section
** T-Section
Dr. Hazim Dwairi The Hashemite University Reinforced Concrete II

One-way Joist Slab


One-
Design Example
Typical Rib Shear Design
Vu = 1.15
1 15 (6
(6.42)(4.0/2)
42)(4 0/2) = 14
14.77
77 kN
Vn = 1.1 x 0.75 x 28/6 x 120 x 215 = 18.77 kN
Vn > Vu O.K.
Solid Slab Design
ln = 400 2(15) = 370mm
Mu = 12.34
12 34 (0
(0.37)
37)2/12 = 0
0.141
141 kN.m
kN m
As = 8.7 mm2 (b=1000mm, d=70-d=70-20
20--10/2=45mm)
As,min = 0.0018(1000)(70) = 126 mm2
Use 10/block or welded wire mesh
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Reinforced Concrete II Hashemite University

Reinforcement Details
0.25 of ln1
0.30 of ln1 or ln2

210 210 210

210 210

Typical 150mm
At least one bar
continuous or spliced
a class A splice
ln1 ln2

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