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Winds of Change

David Calvert
SEPTEMBER 22, 2011

By 1952, in places as far apart as Asia, Africa, the Americas and Europe, sightings of UFOs
had almost reached epidemic proportions. In all its manifestations, it had become a global
phenomenon, with literally hundreds of sightings reported monthly. At its height those
figures gradually stretched into thousands.
Daylight Discs and Lights in the Sky
These were common and reported by people from just about every walk of life, from two
military guards and an F-49 Starfire fighter pilot at Chorwon, Korea, who observed a UFO
with a dull centre and bright lights and bright rim darting about the sky; to literally hundreds
of witnesses who reported sightings of UFOs of all shapes and sizes in Scandinavia and
Northern Europe. Perhaps the most dramatic part of the 1952 global wave, however, took
place in Washington DC on 19-20 July and 26-27 July.
The Events of 19-20 July occurred
between 11:40 p.m. and 5:00 a.m.
when radar picked up eight UFOs
flying in restricted air space over the
capitol. Their rate of speed was
judged between 100 and 300 m.p.h.
(160-480 km/h), suddenly
accelerating to phenomenal
velocities. At about this time airline
pilots had begun to report strange
lights in the sky over the capital. Jet
interceptors were vectored to the
area; arriving at 3: 30 a.m. Unfortunately, the UFOs had disappeared, only to reappear after
the jets had departed.
Radar controllers at Andrews Air Force Base, who had
been following the events, became stunned when a large
orange sphere hovered over their base. Several days later
on 26-27 July, from 9:00 p.m, up to twelve UFOs began
performing similar manoeuvres. When interceptors were
scrambled from Wilmington, Delaware, and came within
radar range the UFOs again vanished from sight and their
radar screens. They returned ten minutes later when the
planes had all left the area. Nevertheless, at approximately 3: 20 a.m. a fresh flight of
fighters arrived and this time the UFOs remained visible. A ring of huge blue-white lights
that flew away before he was given permission to open fire on them surrounded one of the
fighter pilots, Lt. William Patterson.
Such encounters were eventually to be dubbed by the
renowned Dr. J. Allen Hynek as daylight discs (DDs) and
nocturnal lights or lights in the sky (LITS), though the
DDs category is somewhat misleading as it covers craft
that are not necessarily disk-shaped. His classification
scheme, however, was the first of its kind and despite
recent additions remains the foundation for any serious
ufological study.
Radar visuals (RVs) also fall under the Close Encounters
of the First kind (CE I) category. The Patterson
encounter falls under the second category as CE II (Close
Encounter of the Second Kind), the objects appearing to interact with him.
Photographic Evidence
In the main the photographic evidence for CE Is and CE IIs has changed little, despite the
advent of the camcorder and advances in photographic analysis and computer
enhancement techniques. Colonel Wendelle Stevens, USAF, is still of the opinion
that Photographs are poor evidence because there are so many things we can do to
technically produce images.
However, optical physicist for the Surface Weapons division of the US Navy, Dr. Bruce
Maccabee, who specialises in photographic UFO cases, argues that there are sufficient
numbers of impressive cases where it can be established with reasonable conviction that
some kind of extraordinary craft have been photographed.
As intriguing as photographic evidence of UFOs
may be, it frequently comes down to little more
than a light in the sky. This inconclusive
phenomenon will never establish absolute proof
of alien visitors. The ultimate evidence would be
close-up shots of the interior of a UFO. Even
though many alleged abductees, from the 1950s
onward, have claimed to have been taken inside
UFOs none have managed thus far to come
forward with the ultimate photograph.
Encountering Otherworldly Entities
Before the term alien abduction was coined people were claiming contact with
otherworldly creatures that came to visit Earth to pass on messages of goodwill and hand
out sound advice. But what are we to make of such claims? On the one hand, they are
improbable to the point of absurdity, whilst on the other hand they are told with
remarkable uniformity and passion.
Of all the early contactees, Polish immigrant George
Adamski is probably the most well-known. His story
began on 20 November 1952 when he and several
friends allegedly spotted a huge cigar-shaped craft
gliding silently into view over the Mojave Desert,
California. Hoping to get a better view of the object, and
perhaps even some photographs, he and two
companions drove off into the desert. It was here he
claimed to have seen and photographed the now famous
saucer-shaped scout ship and encountered a 1.6-
metre-tall entity called Orthon who told him he was from
Venus and had come to Earth to warn mankind of the
dangers of nuclear energy and pollution a common theme that persists up to the present
Adamski was later to receive worldwide celebrity status as the worlds first alien contactee.
He recounted wild tales of travelling through space and of visiting the Moon, which was
peopled by lunar citizens. However, humanitys first tentative steps out into the solar
system eventually proved his claims to be false. Although regarded as an out-and-out
fraudster by many, there are a few ufologists such as Timothy Good who see merit in at
least some of his claims.
The Abduction Experience
The contactee era of the 1950s gradually spilled over into the 1960s, with sightings of UFOs
and their occupants becoming increasingly common, as did the abduction scenario. One of
the best-documented cases of abduction is that of Betty and Barney Hill.
The characteristic nature of abduction cases ultimately began with the Hills in the 1960s,
contrasting sharply with the infamous contactee cases of the 1950s.
The Hills story began late one night on 19 September 1961. The couple, which lived in New
Hampshire, USA, were returning home from a short holiday when Betty saw a bright light
close to the Moon. As they drove it appeared to be getting brighter so they pulled over and
took a closer look. Barney thought it was an aeroplane so they drove on, but the object
seemed to draw closer and got brighter and seemed to be circling the car. He pulled over
again, and they watched the object drop behind some nearby trees. When Barney got out
and walked towards it he saw a disc-shaped object with what appeared to be windows
through which he glimpsed some strange-looking occupants. He returned to the car in a
panic and drove home.
When they arrived at their
destination they discovered
the journey had taken two
and a half hours longer than
it should have. As well as the
missing time episode they
began to experience other
symptoms: they were both
exhausted and had
nightmares and high blood
pressure. The doctors who
tested and examined them
could find nothing wrong.
Eventually a reputable
scientist put them under
hypnosis and revealed a
classic abduction story.
According to the evidence retrieved through hypnotic regression, the UFO had landed
beside the road and rendered the Hills semiconscious. Small beings similar in appearance
to the alien entities called Greys then took them forcibly on board the craft where they
were separated and given medical examinations. Barney had semen extracted, and Betty
underwent the painful experience of having a long needle inserted into her abdomen, as a
form of pregnancy test she was told; a similar procedure that was carried out on Betty
Andreasson Luca in 1967. Interestingly, although Betty Hill has always maintained her
examination was non-sexual, some observers have speculated that the Hills case is one of
the first to indicate an interest in our genetic makeup by the aliens.
One of the main aims of alleged alien visitation appears to be genetic experimentation, to
create some type of hybrid baby, part human, part alien. As a result of the Betty and Barney
Hill abduction, which is now considered a landmark in UFO history, ufology itself began to
acquire greater discipline and credibility through the adoption of more systematic research
Many extraordinary patterns have
emerged concerning alien abduction, but
the one most guaranteed to needle
sceptics is that of alien implants
miniature devices that are inserted into
the frontal part of the brain via the nose,
the back of the head, through and just
behind the ears, in the forearms and
wrists and just about any other private
parts of the human anatomy.
The Richard Price implant was unusual to say the least, in that he claimed it had been
implanted into his penis by extraterrestrials.
In late autumn of 1964 he confided this to his girlfriend, who betrayed his trust and told his
high school classmates. This earned him the nickname spaceman. Their incessant
badgering of him resulted in him threatening another student and he was sent to a mental
hospital for observation. Seventeen years later he was examined by Neal Rzepkewski, M.D.,
who discovered a subcutaneous foreign body roughly 4mm long and 1mm in diameter. His
recommendation was that no further action be taken unless it caused him pain or
In the spring of `81 or `82 Price experienced three hours of missing time while driving a taxi.
It was later revealed, under hypnotic regression, that his taxi had been raised into a UFO. By
1989 the top of the implant was protruding slightly from the top of his skin and he called
David E. Pritchard, PhD. Physics, on several occasions explaining his story. By August of that
year it had dislodged, causing a sense of electric shock, and fell into Prices hand. He placed
the implant into a clean film container and delivered it to Pritchard.
Exhaustive tests were carried out on the artefact and it was discovered the implant had a
uniform core of a brownish translucent material, partly covered with a whitish layer through
which a number of appendages projected. It was roughly cylindrical, about 1mm in diameter
and 3mm long. Interior examination of the core through a microscope revealed a crystalline
material. This became considerably harder after being exposed to the air for several
months; so hard in fact that a scalpel blade broke while trying to cut the core material.
Two small fragments of the core were mass analysed and the results showed mainly carbon
and oxygen with all other elements including nitrogen, below the 2 % level. The
appendages, revealed under higher magnification and scanning electron microscope,
showed various other features. One of the appendages showed a threefold structure at the
end, one of which was a hook. Another showed a flattish cross-section with random
twisting. The ends of several appendages were noted to be red in colour. These structured
ends had an overall size of 10 to 30 microns and were witnessed at the ends of four of the
appendages. Pritchard looked for similar objects in different micro worlds. His conclusions
were based on a professional scientific and clinical study of the highest order. His analysis
showed nothing unterrestrial about the Price artefact. It did not appear to be fabricated, but
bore the overall characteristics of something that grew. Its elemental and chemical
constituents were also consistent with earthly biological origins.
For cynics, this is proof positive that there are no such things as alien artefacts. However, in
his conclusion Price also stated that it was possible that aliens could be clever enough to
make devices that serve their purpose yet appear to have a prosaic origin as natural
products of the human body.
Some questions still remain unanswered. Chiefly: how did Price predict the morphology of
his implant before it was noticeable, and what function did it serve? Physician, Dr. Roger
Leirs examination of an alleged T-shaped implant, taken from an abductee, led his co-
worker and electrical engineer, Bob Beckwith, to speculate that their artefact, which had a
peculiar band of silicate crystals completely encircling the vertical rod, could be equated to a
crystal radio receiving set.
The EBE Development
Reports of contacts with and abductions by EBEs (Extraterrestrial Biological Entities) form
the High Strangeness band of the UFO spectrum. This stems from the fact that there is
almost a total lack of consistency in reports of alleged contact. Over the last 50 years the
EBE morphology has been described variously as tall, small, thin, fat, human-like, grotesque,
saintly, covered in fur, hairless, with long arms, short arms, hands, claws, large heads,
headless, friendly, indifferent, aggressive, appear solid, able to pass through solid objects,
and levitate.
EBEs and their purported messages range from the bizarre to the comical, can be
benevolent, uncaring or even sinister, but according to one of Britains UFO researchers,
Peter Hough, they will always be outrageous, because to our computerised and regimented
way of thinking, in the final analysis, it all appears insane.
Military and Government Involvement
Stanton T. Friedmans book Top Secret/Majic is
undoubtedly the most explosive book yet written on
the subject of covert governmental involvement
concerning UFOs and their occupants. Despite the
assurances by the US military and government that
their interest in the phenomenon ceased in 1969 with
the closure of the old Air Force Project Blue Book
the most extensive and more or less unclassified
study of UFO sightings there is a growing body of
evidence which suggests otherwise.
The Cash/Landrum incident of 1980 is just one of
many cases in which unmarked military aircraft are
seen to be interacting with UFOs. Serious illness and
death followed in the wake of this encounter.
In Britain, too, there appeared to be an ongoing
government cover-up regarding the Rendlesham
Forest incident, in which a triangular-shaped craft reportedly landed near a US military base.
The incident was examined by former
under-secretary of the Ministry of
Defence, Ralph Noyes, who rounded
on his former employers saying that
they had lied about the case, and had
covered it up.
The small town of Dulce, New
Mexico, came to prominence in the
late 1980s following a series of
alleged abductions in which
sensational reports of covert liaisons
with alien greys and factions of the
US military were made public. The reports suggested the US had basically traded land and
facilities for alien technology, and that several projects had been activated between the two
parties, including genetic experimentation for the purpose of creating alien/human hybrids.
The Coming of the Hybrids

At the Project Awareness UFO and Metaphysical Convention in

Tampa, Florida, David M. Jacobs, an Associate Professor of
History at Temple University in Philadelphia, and a leading
academic authority on UFOs and abductions, gave his wide-
ranging assessment of the UFO abduction phenomenon to John
Chambers. Jacobs believes that in the beginning it was a random
selection from all ethnic groups who had nothing particularly in
common either physiologically or mentally. The children of the
abductees would themselves become abductees and so the term
random selection no longer applied.
This immediately became an intergenerational phenomenon. Through normal population
growth you then get a spreading out, a cone-like effect throughout society. What once
started out as small gradually becomes larger and larger as the generations grow, until you
get more and more people coming forward with their abductions stories. A conservative
estimate given at the time was around two million people. However, polls and
questionnaires suggested as many as five million a very large phenomenon. As to
human/alien hybrids, Jacobs had this to say: This is a programme that has a beginning, a
middle, and an end. Our best guess is that we are in the end point of the programme, and
that the end point will be relatively soon, perhaps as little as the next twenty years.
In that context, he cited three changes that have taken place. The frequency of abductions
has increased greatly. And, very importantly, there has been a great increase in adult hybrid
activity in UFOs and on Earth. The adult hybrid activity on board UFOs, he explained,
consists of helping the smaller grey aliens with their procedures, acting as assistants or aids.
But, in some cases, hybrid directed abductions have been reported.
What the goal of this alien agenda is remains highly speculative, but the more Jacobs learns
about the phenomenon the more pessimistic his view of the future becomes. When asked
what we could do about it his reply was, Absolutely nothing. The aliens have an incredibly
advanced technology. They can do what they want to do. Thats the bottom line.
Changes of Perspective
Possibly the greatest changes to have taken place in alien abduction/contact cases over the
last half-century has been in the way they are perceived. Despite their being numerous
alternate theories, the Extraterrestrial Hypothesis (ETH) has remained popular ever since
the Kenneth Arnold sighting, due largely to the media having ignored them and the
promotion of TV programmes such as the cult sci-fi series The X Files.
One of its central themes is that aliens are visiting the Earth, and that humans are being
abducted by some of them on a regular basis. This is not simply a product of the
programme-makers imagination, writes Michael White, but an idea that has become so
entrenched in a range of Earth cultures as to have become almost a clich. The only thing so
far missing, he continues, is hard irrefutable proof to support the idea.
Thanks largely to the likes of scientists such as Michael Persinger, et al; the long overdue
and serious scientific study of the UFO phenomenon is now being redressed. As with all
hypotheses theirs, too, possess both strengths and weaknesses. Most importantly, however,
the UFO dilemma is now subject to rigorous scientific criteria and, as Persinger himself
declared, can be resolved by precise numerical analyses.

David Calvert 2011