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Closure Property of Addition

If x and y are real numbers then the sum (z=x+y )


is also a real number.

Examples:
1. 35+15= 50
2. 9+1/3= 9 1/3
3. 30-17= 13
4. 25-7= 18
5. 10+3= 13

Closure Property of
Multiplication

If x and y are real numbers, then the product (z=xy)


is also a real number.

Examples:
1. (7)(9)= 63
2. (7)(6)= 42
3. (9)(4)= 36
4. (8)(9)= 72
5. (5)(7)= 35
Commutative Property of
Addition
If x and y are real numbers, then (x+y=y+x).

Examples:
1. 7+6= 6+7
2. 2/4 +1/4 = 1/4+2/4
3. 7-5= 5-7
4. 9+8= 8+9
5. 9-7= 7-9

Commutative Property of
Multiplication

If x and y are real numbers, then (xy=yx).

Examples:
1. (9)(8)= (8)(9)
2. (7)(6)= (6)(7)
3. (5)(7)= (7)(5)
4. (8)(7)= (7)(8)
5. (9)(4)= (4)(9)
Associative Property of
Addition

If x, y and z are real numbers, then (x+y)+z=x+(y+z).

Examples:
1. (5+2)+3= 5+(2+3)
2. (7+6)+9= 7+(6+9)
3. (8+3)+4= 8+(3+4)
4. (9+7)+6= 9+(7+6)
5. (7+3)+6= 7+(3+6)

Associative Property of
Multiplication
If x, y and z are real numbers, then (xy)z=x(yz).

Examples:
1. [(9)(8)](7)= (9)[(8)(7)]
2. [(7)(6)](5)= (7)[(6)(5)]
3. [(4)(2)](3)= (4)[(2)(3)]
4. [(9)(7)](4)= (9)[(7)(4)]
5. [(8)(6)](2)= (8)[(6)(2)]
Distribute Property of
Multiplication over Addition
If x, y and z are real numbers, then x (y+z)=xy+xz,
and (x+y) z =xz+yz.

Examples:
1. 8(7+6)= 8(7)+8(6)
2. 5(4+3)= 5(4)+5(3)
3. 7(6+5)= 7(6)+7(5)
4. 8(5+7)= 8(5)+8(7)
5. 7(4+6)= 7(4)+7(6)

Identity Property of addition

If x is real number, then x+0=0+x=x.

Examples:
1. 9 +0= 9
2. 9+0=9
3. 9 + 0= 9
4. 9 4/5 +0= 9 4/5
5. 9 5/6 +0= 9 5/6
Identity Property of
Multiplication

If x is a real number, then (x)(1)=(1)(x)=x.

Examples:
1. (0.1541)(1)= 0.1541
2. (0.2464)(1)= 0.2464
3. (0.2366)(1)= 0.2366
4. (0.1359)(1)= 0.1359
5. (0.3498)(1)= 0.3498

Inverse Property of addition

If x is a real number, then there exist another real


number (-x) such that x+(-x)= 0.

Examples:
1. 9+(-9)= 0
2. 7+(-7)= 0
3. 5+(-5)= 0
4. -17/5 + 17/5= 0
5. -14/5 + 14/5= 0
Inverse Property of
Multiplication

If x is real number, and x0, then there exists


another real number (1/x) such that x.1/x=1.

Examples:
1. (-4/3)(-3/4)= 1
2. (-6/5)(-5/6)= 1
3. (-9/8)(-8/9)= 1
4. (-7/6)(-6/7)=1
5. (-3/2)(-2/3)= 1

Zero Property of
Multiplication

If x is a real number, then (x)(0)=(0)(x)=0.

Examples:
1. (5)(0)= 0
2. (7)(0)= 0
3. (3)(0)= 0
4. (8)(0)= 0
5. (9)(0)= 0
Project in
Mathematics
Properties of real numbers

Submitted by:
IAN ZACHARY B. CATULONG

SUBMITTED TO:
MAAM FE