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ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROGRAM

LLDA puts into action systems and programs such as Environmental User Fee System
(EUFS), Public Disclosure Program (PDP), the Appropriation and Utilization of Surface
Waters (Surface Waters), and the Compliance Assistance Centers (CAC) for the management
of the lake waters and tributaries that flow into the Lake, to ensure their proper use and
maintenance for the sustainability of the ecosystem.

USER FEE SYSTEM (EUFS)

The EUFS is a market-based instrument that applies the Polluters Pay Principle. It covers
all enterprises within the lake region and requires them to obtain a Discharge Permit (DP)a
legal authorization for the enterprise to discharge their treated wastewater meeting the set
environmental standards into the tributaries within the Laguna de Bay Region. More on EUF
>>

ENVIRONMENTAL USERS FEE (EUF) SYSTEM


The LLDA launched the Environmental Users Fee in 1997, a pioneering water pollution
charge system in the country. It emphasizes on the use of economic incentives to address the
environmental problems and issues.

The EUF System is a market-based instrument that encourages companies to invest and
operate pollution prevention and/or abatement systems within their establishments. This
applies the Polluters Pay Principle. The environmental user fee is paid for the amount of
pollution discharged into the tributary rivers within the Laguna de Bay Region consisting of a
fixed fee and a variable fee. Since the implementation of the EUFS in 1997, the LLDA
observed decreasing annual BOD loadings from 5, 402 MT in 1997 to 193 MT in 2004
generated by 222 firms.

PUBLIC DISCLOSURE PROGRAM (PDP)

In addition to the EUFS, the LLDA under the PDP assesses the environmental performance of
regulated establishments and Local Government Units (LGUs), and discloses the results
thereof to the public. This mechanism is intended to motivate the industrial sector and LGUs
to reduce their pollution.

SURFACE WATERS PROGRAM

Under the Surface Waters program, Water Permitting, Registration, and Monitoring programs
are established and operated for the extraction of waters that are naturally open to the
atmospheres, such as rivers, lakes, and streams within the Laguna de Bay Region.

COMPLIANCE ASSISTANCE CENTER (CAC)


To encourage and improve compliance with environmental regulations and standards, the
CACs connect the LLDA with regulated establishments initially in the hog/poultry farms and
slaughterhouse sectors. The CACs also provide clear and consistent information to these
establishments on environmental laws and regulations. More on CAC >>

COMPLIANCE ASSISTANCE CENTER

The main purpose of a Compliance Assistance Center


(CAC) is to provide clear and consistent information for establishments like hog and poultry
farms to understand environmental laws and regulations, and for them to be able to comply
with these standards.

Although operated separately from the LLDA and the Environment Management Bureau of
the Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR-EMB), the center serves to connect
these authorities and the regulated business establishments.

Through a system of activities, tools, training and technical assistance, the CAC helps
industries to initiate continuingimprovements in their operations, in line with good production
practices and environment-friendly solutions.

The center opens channels of communication and opportunities for dialogue. Through the
CAC, hog and poultry farms can participate in analyzing problems in compliance to existing
laws and regulations. It can also help to change the mindset and behavior of the enforcement
staff, convincing them that the industries must also be assisted rather than simply forced to
comply. All these can pave the way for increased trust and cooperation between the two
parties.

HISTORY

In 2007 the LLDA established the pilot


Compliance Assistance Centers (CACs) for two (2) priority sectors in the Laguna de Bay
Region, namely Hog/Poultry Farms and Slaughterhouses, through a grant from the United
States Agency for International Development (USAID) through Environmental Cooperation-
Asia Program and Asian Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Network (AECEN).
As designed, the CACs have both physical and virtual platforms. The Compliance Assistance
Center Websites are the virtual platforms of the CACs. They were developed and piloted in
2007 under the earlier grant to LLDA. The two websites were jointly launched on April 29,
2008.

CAC FUNCTIONS

Assist establishments in explaining applicable environmental laws, regulations and


standards

Clarify government (e.g., LLDAs) policies, systems and procedures to facilitate


compliance

Identify applicable technologies for reducing pollution and suggest providers or


suppliers of these technologies

Provide copies of the required forms such as application forms for permits, self-
monitoring forms and other documents

Answer queries regarding compliance

Provide updated information and recent developments in enforcement of and


compliance on regulations

VIRTUAL PLATFORMS

The two (2) Websites are the virtual platforms of the CACs and is used to promote the centers
and their services for improved stakeholder engagement and environmental compliance. It is
also a tool to update and improve the knowledge and understanding of the regulated
establishments under the two target sectors with additional/updated information and resources
as well as to expand the compliance promotion efforts for the slaughterhouse and hog farm
industries in Laguna de Bay Region. As a virtual platform, the websites help in engaging
more stakeholders in using the centers services for a comprehensive compliance assistance
program for the targeted sectors. Initially started to serve the hog/poultry farms and
slaughterhouses in the Laguna de Bay Region, the CAC Websites are accessible by other
sector and non-sector audience nationwide, thereby contributing to the intended CAC
replication and scale-up in the Laguna de Bay Region and beyond (through the DENR/EMB).

INFORMATION SHARING

Using the CAC website as a tool for information updating/exchange and sharing of
technologies and best practices and for further enhancement of the relationship of these two
sectors with the Laguna de Bay Regions stakeholders and the LLDA, among other benefits,
it is best and to the advantage of LLDA that the hosting of the CAC websites which are being
maintained and updated by the LLDA through the PPIMD-MIS be continued by the LLDA.
When the time comes for the two CACs are full self-sustaining under the administration of
the host institutions, the LLDA may devolve the hosting of the websites to them.
WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS

To abate the further degradation of the Laguna de Bay Watershed, the LLDA instituted
various programs and strategies for reforestation of the denuded watersheds. Part of these
programs and strategies are the Laguna de Bay Community Carbon Finance Project
(LDBCCFP), participation in the National Greening Program (NGP), the River Rehabilitation
Program, and the Shoreland Management Program.

LAGUNA DE BAY COMMUNITY CARBON FINANCE PROJECT (LDBCCFP)

Back to back with the LISCOP Project, the LDBCCFP is an initiative that aims to reduce
carbon emissions through Local Government projects and activities funded by LLDA through
the World Bank. LDBCCFP engages communities to implement solid waste management and
composting facilities and reforestation projects. Under the LISCOP Project, LLDA likewise
finances construction of infrastructure by LGUs, including wastewater treatment facilities, to
address discharging of polluted wastewater into the lake and tributary rivers. More on
LDBCCFP >>

LAGUNA DE BAY COMMUNITY CARBON FINANCE


(CARBONSHED) PROJECT

The Laguna de Bay Community Carbon Finance Project (LDBCCFP) is an initiative parallel
to and complementary with the LISCOP project. Funded under the Japan Trust Fund for
Climate Change Initiatives, it aims to reduce carbon emissions.

Although the Carbonshed Grant ended on July 28, 2008, LLDA continued its commitment to
implement projects that will eventually contribute to the local and global efforts to mitigate
Global warming.

Such projects include engaging communities to implement solid waste management


mechanisms, composting, reforestation projects and construction of infrastructure to support
these projects including wastewater treatment facilities. These projects are envisioned to
address the priority environmental issues in water pollution caused by mismanaged solid and
liquid wastes and lake sedimentation caused by solid erosion due to natural and manmade
loss of forest cover.

A review of ERPA ER yearly deliveries was done and it indicated that levels of composting
for many of the LGUs are still well below that which was agreed on in their Subproject
ERPAs. The total ERs calculated for the three monitoring periods (2009-2011) of Bundle 1
were only about 6% of the estimates in the Project Design Document (PDD). Thus, because
of the low amount of actual ERs produced and the high transaction costs, the verification of
Bundle 1 will not be done at this time.

With the approval of LISCOP Additional Financing, there is a potential to have an additional
bundle of sub-projects. The World Bank will assess the practicality of adding new sites either
to the existing Bundle 2 that is under validation or have a new bundle.

Component of the Carbonshed Project is the Community Benefit Plan (CBP). The project
community benefits premium amounting to approximately US$ 50,000.00 will be used as one
time grant by the Community Development Carbon Fund for the identified alternative
livelihood projects for waste pickers displaced by the closure or upgrading of open dumps
either into MRFs or sanitary landfills. The objectives of the plan are (1) to identify and
implement projects that would help alleviate economic condition of the displaced waste
pickers of LGUs MRF; and, (2) to strengthen the capacity of the waste pickers in managing
and operating micro-enterprise projects.

As of September 21, 2012, some nine (9) LGUs expressed intention and submit livelihood
proposals for funding under the CBP grant, comprising of some 300 waste pickers, with
about 60% women participation. As of October 6, 2012, six (6) LGUs have so far complied
with the submission requirement and selection criteria such as: (1) organized group of waste
pickers duly accredited by the LGU (2) high receptivity of the LGU and (3) available
resources. Seventy-four percent (74%)) of the fund was committed and soon for award and
procurement pending revision of TOR on the planned disbursement of the fund by the
consulting firm engaged by WB. The rest of twenty-six percent (26%) of unallocated fund
awaits LGU proposal submission by October 15, 2012.

The approach and framework in the identification of the livelihood project is based on the
preference that would develop the waste-pickers to actively participate in all stages of
planning, implementation, operation, maintenance and evaluation. The University of the
Philippines at Los Banos Foundation, Inc., the consulting firm hired for this project for period
of one (1) year from April 25, 2012 to April 24, 2013, is responsible for the implementation
of the CBP, including conduct of training needs assessment for project beneficiaries and
conduct of technical and capability building seminars in collaboration with LLDA, LGU and
WB. Some of the livelihood modules approved include: livestock production
(cattle/horse/hog raising/fattening) for Sta. Cruz and Liliw, Laguna and Tanay, Rizal; variety
store and junkshop for Antipolo, Rizal; paper bag, paper charcoal and novelties for Teresa,
Rizal; eco-bags and crafts and rice retailing for GMA. The implementation of the CBP will be
conducted in a participatory manner to involve the consulting firm, LLDA, LGU and CBP
beneficiaries. Ensuring the long term sustainability of the livelihood projects is one great
challenge facing the LGU as they have to identify and create bridging projects to sustain the
livelihood and lessons learned beyond the duration of the CBP.
Carbonshed Project was a pioneering initiative of the Laguna Lake Development Authority
on Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) activities under the Kyoto Protocol, to reduce the
greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and to improve environmental quality in the Laguna de Bay
Watershed. This was implemented from 2004-2008 through a grant of USD 358,450.00 from
the Japan Climate Change Initiatives that the World Bank administers. The projects main
activity was the development of a set of small-scale environmental interventions in Laguna
de Bay watershed using the LISCOP Projects as a focus.

The Carbonshed Projects aims to:

Build the capacity of the LLDA as an intermediary to enable small-scale


environmental projects to result in verified emissions reductions.

Pilot the implementation of interventions that reduce carbon emissions and address
priority environmental issues such as waste management and erosion reduction

Prepare a set of environmental projects from which emission reduction credits could
be purchased by the World Banks Community Development Carbon Fund (CDCF)
and Bio-carbon Fund (BioCF).

Potential types of CDM-eligible sub-projects include:

Solid waste management particularly composting

Wastewater treatment including the use of biogas, and

Reforestation and afforestation to reduce soil erosion

A. KEY ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THE CARBONSHED PROJECT

TRAINING AND CAPACITY BUILDING

A Carbon Finance Team (CFT) was organized in LLDA to lead in the implementation of the
Carbonshed Project and to carry out the different tasks geared towards the attainment of the
project objectives. Through the technical supervision and guidance of Dr. John Morton, Task
Team Leader of the World Bank for the Carbonshed project and the Carbon Finance Unit of
the World Bank based in Washington D.C. , the CFT training and capacity building started off
with a learning by doing approach.

This project was implemented in parallel with LISCOP, thus the marketing of this project was
done through the LEAP process. Information about Carbonshed were presented consisting of
the following:

Global warming

Climate change

The Kyoto Protocol and the Clean Development Mechanism

The Carbonshed Project and its benefits


Implementing Mechanisms

CFT members were mentored on the CDM process and procedures and the required
documents for registration for CDM-Eligible sub-projects to UNFCCCC-CDM-EB.

The Daruma Technologies, Inc., consulting firm, was hired in March 2007which is to provide
trainings to the CFT and the project proponents on the preparation of the Project Design
Document (PDD) for each of the categories of CDM projects (Methane Avoidance, Methane
Recovery and Carbon Sequestration). Similarly, training on the monitoring of CDM projects
for the purpose of carbon credits in accordance with the strict compliance to the
methodologies approved by the UNFCCC was also provided to the team and the Project
Monitoring Team of the project proponents.

The CFT team was also provided with training on the inventory of greenhouse gas emission
in the Laguna de Bay watershed. Exposure trips outside the watershed were done to observe
on-going projects that reduce the amount of GHG in the atmosphere.

BioCF Training on Reforestation and Afforestation in the World Bank Headquarters in


Washington DC in 2005 and 2008 was attended by the Head of the Carbon Finance Team and
the Group Leader through the funding support from the World Bank.

B. REDUCTION OF GHG EMISSIONS THROUGH ENVIRONMENTAL


INTERVENTIONS

DEVELOPMENT OF CDM-ELIGIBLE SUBPROJECTS

Sub-projects under LISCOP were considered as CDM-eligible however underwent the


process in accordance with CDM requirements. Most of the sub-projects are Material
Recovery Facility (MRF) with Composting while two are Methane Recovery projects. Thus,
initial estimates of the emission reductions formed part of the financial viability assessment
and the equipments that needed to be purchased to ensure that the emission reductions are
attained and monitored.

With the project closing in July 2008, two bundles of sub-projects under Methane Avoidance
category were processed for implementation.

Bundle 1: Bundle 2:

Cavite: General Mariano Alvarez Laguna: Siniloan, Nagcarlan

Laguna: Kalayaan, Liliw, Sta. Cruz Pila, Pangil, Pakil, Mabitac

Rizal: Tanay, Teresa, Morong Silang, Sta. Rosa City


Under the Methane Recovery category, Sta. Cruz and Nagcarlan from the province of Laguna
came out with wastewater treatment facilities.

With the private sector participation, proposals from this sector were evaluated. These were:

1. Communal digester for a cluster of small piggery farms by the RiverCouncil of


Pagsanjan-Lumban but did not mature due to limited funding sources.

2. Wastewater treatment facility by two commercial piggery farm owners

3. Reforestation of the Caliraya watershed by the National Power Corporation (NPC)


and Caliraya-Botocan-Kalayaan (CBK) Power Co. Ltd.

4. San Pablo Water District wherein series of meetings and site inspections were done by
LLDA

Only the third proposal matured into a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) among NPC,
CBK and LLDA that was signed on July 10, 2006 encompassing the reforestation of 140
hectares of denuded areas in the Caliraya watershed. The technical evaluation of the project
site, reforestation planning and implementation and preparation of the plantation management
plan were done jointly by these three institutions.

On reforestation and afforestation, Tanay, Rizal, Siniloan, Laguna at Mt. Makiling (Laguna
side and Batangas side) were inspected and evaluated by the CFT.

LEGAL AGREEMENTS

1. Memorandum of Agreement (cMOA) This is signed by the proponent and LLDA


prior to proceeding with the technical assessment and inclusion of the proponents
sub-project to the CDM-eligible bundle.

2. Emission Reduction Purchase Agreement (ERPA) This was entered into by the
LLDA, in behalf of the project proponents and the World Bank, in behalf of the
buyers of Carbon credits, namely the Community Development Carbon Fund and the
BioCarbon Fund. This ERPA was signed on June 30, 2006. The price of one unit of
CER expressed in tons CO2-e, wherein the LLDA will sell to the buyers as specified
and spelled out certain penalties in case of default.

3. Sub-Emission Reduction Purchase Agreement (sub-ERPA) This binds the project


proponent to the LLDA to deliver a specified amount of emission reduction. In case of
failure to deliver the required ERs, corresponding sanctions were stipulated in this
sub-ERPA.

The Feasibility Study for each of the sub-projects was done under LISCOP. The diagram
serves as a reference in understanding the accomplishments presented herein.
PREPARATION OF THE PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENT (PDD)

The PDD is a technical document containing all the necessary information regarding the
CDM-eligible subprojects ranging from their operation, implementation and determination of
carbon emission reduction based on the approved methodology o f the CDM-EB. The PDD is
required for the following purposes:

The Designated National Authority (DNA) as basis for the issuance of the Letter of
Approval required for validation and registration.

The Validator licensed by UNFCCC-CDM-EB to validate projects undergoing the


registration as CDM-eligible.

The CDM-EB certifies that the projects meet the requirements of CDM. Part of the
registration process is the posting of PDD in the UNFCCC website for critiquing of
international stakeholders.

The following PDDs were prepared:

1. Bundle 1- Laguna de Bay Community Waste Management Project: Avoidance of


Methane Production from Biomass Decay through composting 1
2. Bundle 2 Laguna de Bay Community Waste Management Project: Avoidance of
Methane Production from Biomass Decay through composting 1

3. Bundle 1- Laguna de bay Community Waste Management Project: methane Recovery


in Wastewater Treatment 1. The PDD was revised to include the two private sector
proponents.

4. Bundle 1 Laguna de Bay Watershed rehabilitation Project 1( Tanay and Caliraya


sites)

5. Bundle 1- Laguna de Bay Watershed Rehabilitation Project 1 (San Pablo, Siniloan and
Makiling sites)

The Methane Recovery PDD showed that the total emission reductions (ERs) were very low.
The registration of this bundle of sub-projects was temporarily put on hold until substantial
ERs are attained. Otherwise, the transaction cost could be greater than the Carbon credit.

VALIDATION AND REGISTRATION OF SUB-PROJECTS

In September 2006, the firm TUV Industries Service GmbH, licensed by the UNFCCC to
audit and validate if projects are CDM- eligible. Experts are based in Germany while their
local counterparts are based in their Manila office who conducted the pre-validation and
validation activities and meetings were held in between. The results of evaluation were
communicated to the CFT and TTL for corrective actions while electronic discussion required
a lot of technical input from the CFT until such requirements were satisfied. In addition, the
validator took charge of submitting the PDDs and the result of their evaluation to the
UNFCCC-CDM-EB.

On reforestation, it did not meet the land eligibility criteria, thus the PDDs were not
submitted for registration. But still, the reforestation and afforestation were still carried out in
the Caliraya watershed because of the considerable environmental benefits in carbon dioxide
sequestration and erosion mitigation. This activity was supported by the MOA between
LLDA, CBK and NPC.

As a requirement for the validation and registration to the CDM-EB, letters of approval were
given by the Designated National Authority (DENR) for the two bundles of Methane
Avoidance projects.

On March 16, 2008, the first bundle of the Laguna de Bay Community Waste Management
Project: Avoidance of Methane Production from Biomass Decay through Composting -1 has
been registered with the UNFCCC-CDM-EB as a CDM project and was certified to produce
Carbon credits.

OUTPUT OF THE CONSULTANT

These documents were produced from the services of the Daruma Technologies, Inc. to the
LLDA-CFT.

CDM Toolkit
Appraisal Manual for CDM Projects

CDM Methodological Procedures

Web Layout

One of the significant output is the Greenhouse Gas Inventory in the Laguna de bay
Watershed, which shows the different sources of greenhouse gas emissions. This will serve as
a baseline from which other interventions will be assessed. The spreadsheet to determine the
GHG emission and the GIS-based maps were also provided.

Estimated ERs over Crediting Period: BUNDLE 1 MRF SUB-PROJECTS

(7 Sub-Projects - General Mariano Alvarez, Cavite; Kalayaan, Laguna; Liliw, Laguna;


Morong, Rizal;Sta Cruz, Laguna, Tanay, Rizal and Teresa, Laguna )

Years Annual estimation of emission reductions in tones of CO2-e

2009 2,047

2010 3,659

2011 5,047

2012 6,288

2013 7,426

2014 8,473

2015 9,463

TOTAL 42,403

Source: Laguna de Bay Community Waste Management Project, LLDA Bundle 1

Estimated ERs over Crediting Period : BUNDLE 2 : MRF SUB-PROJECTS


(11 Sub-Projects - Lucban, Quezon, Pakil; Laguna, Pangil; Laguna, Pila; Laguna, Mabitac;
Laguna, Sta. Rosa, Laguna; Nagcarlan, Laguna; Siniloan, Laguna; Angono, Laguna; Victoria,
Laguna; Antipolo, Rizal )

Years Annual estimation of emission reductions in tones of CO2-e

2011 43,131

2012 48,319

2013 55,468

2014 64,223

2015 68,499

2016 72,869

2017 77,414

TOTAL 429,923

Source: Laguna de Bay Community Waste Management Project, LLDA Bundle 1

NATIONAL GREENING PROGRAM (NGP)

The LLDA contributes to the NGP objectives, which include planting 1.5 billion seedlings in
1.5 million hectares of public lands nationwide, from 2011 to 2016. The NGP also aims to
improve water quality in rivers and irrigation of farm lands, reduce flooding, absorb carbon
dioxide from the atmosphere, and as support for the expansion of a wood-products economy.
Using its own resources, the LLDA produces tree seedlings for distribution to LGUs and
other beneficiaries for planting in their respective areas. Further, the Authority undertakes
reforestation activities in denuded/designated areas in critical sub-watersheds. More on NGP
>>

RIVER REHABILITATION PROGRAM

The River Rehabilitation Program takes into consideration the effects of water quality and
quantity to the ecosystem. Under the program, the LLDA has organized River Basin Councils
all over the Region. The Environmental Army, an aggrupation of community volunteers,
has been established and mobilized to help LLDA in various river clean-up operations. The
LLDA has transformed the River Councils and the Environmental Army into empowered
partners in environmental governance throughout the lake region. More on River
Rehabilitation >>

RIVER REHABILITATION PROGRAM

The River Rehabilitation Program was launched in 1996 and placed under the Community
Development Division for implementation. It utilizes an integrated approach to watershed
management. It takes into account both water quality and quantity in the continuum of an
inter-related eco-system --- from the rivers headwaters to the downstream areas of thriving
urbanization all the way to the lake basin.

Twenty-four (24) sub-basins comprise the Laguna de Bay Sub-basin. These are used as basic
units for planning and implementation of the following river rehabilitation strategies such as
strengthening of River Councils and partnership with the Federation of Riverbasin Council
(FRBC).

In the year of 2014, various physical river and Lake clean-up activities were conducted.

Rivers
January 11, 2014 Bay River, Bay, Laguna
January 25, 2014 Antipolo City (Barangays Tanag, Taktak, Dimanlig, del Banyo & Bangyasan)
April 3-4, 2014 Alabang-Cupang River, Muntinlupa City
September 24, 2014 Paete River
October 9, 2014 Siniloan River, Brgy. Macatad,Sinilioan, Laguna
October 16, 2014 Bay River, Brgy. Tagumpay, Bay, Laguna
Tunasan River and San Antonio Creek, Brgys, San Antonio and Cuyab, San
November 14, 2014
Pedro, Laguna

Lakes

March 4, 2014 Palakpakin Lake


March 23, 2014 Tadlak Lake
April 1, 2014 Bunot Lake
May 20, 2014 Sampalok Lake
June 17, 2014 Calibato Lake
July 15, 2014 Mojicap Lake
August 5, 2014 Yambo Lake
September 16, 2014 Pandin Lake

SHORELAND MANAGEMENT PROGRAM

The Shoreland Management Program is designed to control pollution and nuisance through
the elimination of incompatible elements and uses of the shoreland, through the LLDA Board
Resolution No. 23, Series of 1996, which defines and regulates the use and/or occupancy of
the Laguna de Bay Shoreland Areas. More on Shoreland Management >>

SHORELAND MANAGEMENT PROGRAM

Laguna Lake Development Authority approved Board Resolution No. 23, series of 1996,
Implementing Rules and Regulations of Section 41 of RA 4850, as amended. It defines and
regulates the use and/or occupancy of the Laguna de Bay shoreland areas.

Allowable uses of shoreland areas are:

Tree farming/planting
Recreational use provided no permanent structure shall be constructed

Agricultural use

Fisponds provided that exotic species are not allowed

Poultry

Support facilities such as dockyard/boatshed, research facilities and fish ports

Other uses that will not pose pollution or cause disturbances to the ecological balance
of the lake subject to evaluation and approval of LLDA.

FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

Prior to 1996, the use of lake resources for aquaculture caused the uncontrolled increase in
fish pens and fish cages, decline in lake productivity, and conflicts between marginalized
fisher folks and fish pen operators. These socio-economic and environmental problems in
Laguna de Bay prompted LLDA to formulate and approve the Zoning and Management Plan
(ZOMAP) on January 1996.

ZONING AND MANAGEMENT PLAN (ZOMAP)

Through the ZOMAP, lake resources are equitably delineated and allocated to various users
for aquaculture operations, navigation, and open fishing. At the national level, the aquaculture
operations in Laguna de Bay contributes significantly to fishery production (Israel, 2008).

Lake productivity is further improved through the maintenance of Rayap Fish Sanctuary in
Talim Island, Rizal; Tabon Fish Sanctuary near Calamba, Laguna; and the Muntinlupa Fish
Sanctuary in Muntinlupa City. With the assistance of the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic
Resources, regular lake seedings are conducted in these sanctuaries.

LLDA is assisted by the Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management Councils, Philippine
National Police, Coast Guard, and other groups in the enforcement of fishery laws, rules and
regulations in Laguna de Bay. More on ZOMAP >>

IMPLEMENTATION OF REVISED LAGUNA LAKE


ZONING and MANAGEMENT PLAN (ZOMAP)
The Fishery Zoning and Management Plan (ZOMAP) for Laguna de Bay was developed in
1983. It was designed to rationalize the management and regulate the utilization of the lakes
fishery resources as well as to resolve equity problems among large-scale fishpen operators
and small-scale fishermen dependent upon open water catch.

Revised ZOMAP , an improvement on the initial ZOMAP was approved by the LLDA Board
of Directors on October 1995 as a fundamental component of the Master Plan.

In 1999, the fishpen belt as laid out in 1996 revised ZOMAP was further modified and duly
approved per LLDA Board Resolution No. 95, s. 1999. Its implementation was then placed
under LLDA Lake Management Division.

Areas were allotted for fishpens, fishcages, fish sanctuaries and open fishing. Navigational
lanes and barangay access lanes were also identified to facilitate the movement of people,
goods and services within the lake.
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

The LLDA serves to maintain and improve the ecosystem of the Lake and the Region for
sustainability, while taking into consideration the importance of the development of the
people and community surrounding Laguna de Bay through community-based projects.
LLDA continuously works not just to protect the environment, but also to help improve the
economy and the lives of the residents within the Region through various livelihood projects.

In 2012, LLDA signed a Memorandum of Agreement with the Department of Trade and
Industry, Region IV-A, and the Asian Social Institute to create a bamboo and water hyacinth
livelihood program for identified groups, primarily the fisherfolk families of the Laguna Lake
Region. This project also aims to promote women and youth empowerment, community
development, and sound environmental management.

BAMBOO FOR LIFE

The Bamboo Negosyo Village, a project of LLDA since 2008 under its Laguna de Bay
Watershed Bamboo for Life Program, establishes bamboo plantations in Lumban, Bay, and
the mountainous areas of Pangil and Paete in the province of Laguna, and around the
shoreland area in Taguig City. This project provides an alternative livelihood to the project
co-operators through various bamboo enterprises, and additional incentives are also given
through the provision of bamboo houses for each beneficiary family. More on "Bamboo For
Life" >>

BAMBOO FOR LIFE


This project is under the administration of
former GM Edgardo Manda. In line with the efforts to restore the degraded areas of Laguna
de Bay Watershed, the LLDA in 2008 initiated the implementation of the Laguna de Bay
Watershed Bamboo for Life Project in collaboration with PAGCOR thru its Green Philippines
Movement and Rotary Club of Makati Central. Basically, this project aims to reforest
denuded areas and stabilize river banks using bamboo as well as provide livelihood
opportunities on bamboo related enterprises to the various stakeholders of Laguna de Bay.

In over two years of project implementation, the following accomplishments have been
achieved:

Establishment and Operation of Bamboo Nursery and Bambusetum cum Training


Center inside the 32-hectare LLDA Complex in Calauan, Laguna; currently, the LLDA has a
collection of more or less 40 various species of bamboo wherein 265 have been planted in the
bambusetum and about 2500 bamboo planting materials available at the Bamboo Nursery in
Calauan, Laguna;

Development of pilot bamboo plantation of Kawayang Tinik and Giant Bamboo inside the
32-hectare LLDA property in the shoreland areas of Lumban, Laguna. Currently, about 6
hectares has been planted and the remaining 4 hectares will be completed within CY 2010.
This project is being implemented through the technical expertise of DENR-ERDB and
financial assistance of DOST-PCARRD;
Bamboo Negosyo Village in Pangil a community based bamboo reforestation initiative
of the LLDA in collaboration with the Laguna de Bay Conservation Society and the Local
Government of Pangil, Laguna. This project target to reforest about 300 hectares of degraded
lands with bamboo and other forest and agricultural crops and at the same time, provide
alternative livelihood opportunities to the residents of Barangay Galalan, Pangil, Laguna
especially those involve in illegal logging and charcoal making. Selected residents will be
trained on nursery establishment, bamboo propagation and plantation establishment and
management including bamboo enterprise development specifically on bamboo propagation
as well as shoot and pole production;

Capability building and technology transfer on bamboo propagation and plantation


management the LLDA Technical Working Group overseeing the implementation of this
project has attended 3 trainings on Bamboo Stand Rehabilitation, Propagation, Plantation
Management and Utilization and have organized and conducted a total of 11 trainings on
bamboo nursery establishment, propagation, plantation development and management
including bamboo enterprise development for the various stakeholders in Laguna de Bay as
well as in Bauan, Batangas and Aurora province;

Dispersal of bamboo planting materials to various LGUs and bamboo planting activities
along river banks of Lumban river and watershed area in Barangay Galalan, Pangil, Laguna.
More or less 500 bamboo propagules have been dispersed and planted in various areas of the
Laguna de Bay Watershed;

Provision of technical assistance and bamboo planting materials to BFAR Region 4A for
the establishment of 2-hectare Bamboo Plantation inside their property in Bay, Laguna.
undertaken in 2010.

ADOPT-A-RIVER

In partnership with various stakeholders, the LLDA established the river rehabilitation
program Adopt-A-River, which is envisioned to protect and rehabilitate the various river
systems through river segmentation, community participation and involvement, information,
education and motivation campaigns, establishment of ecoparks, and development of a
sustainable funding mechanism.

RESEARCH PROGRAMS

In support of LLDAs mandate and various programs, the Decision Support System (DSS)
and Water Quality Monitoring (WQM) Program are implemented to aid in monitoring and
relevant policy decision-making.
The DSS, introduced by the Royal Government of the Netherlands through a funding for the
Sustainable Development of Laguna de Bay Environment (SDLBE) Project in 2000,
integrates state-of-the-art software tools to provide an adequate scientific description of the
Laguna de Bay water system (catchment and lake).

As part of WQM, lake and river water quality are monitored continuously through thirty six
(36) stations located in the rivers of Marikina, Bagumbayan, Mangangati, Tunasan, San
Pedro, Bian, Sta. Rosa, Cabuyao, San Cristobal, San Juan, Los Baos, Bay, Pila, Sta. Cruz,
Pagsanjan, Pangil, Siniloan, Sta. Maria, Jala-jala, Pililla, Tanay, Baras, Taytay Barkadahan
and Morong, and also in Sapang Baho and the Buli Creek.

NATIONAL GREENING PROGRAM

Rapid economic growth, continuing


industrialization and unabated influx of informal settlers have resulted in a variety of social
and environmental impacts in the area, which brings significant changes in the Laguna de
Bay and its watershed. Deforestation and soil erosion are known to be the main contributors
to siltation in the Laguna Lake. Apparently, heavy siltation has reduced the lakes present
depth to an average of about 2.5 meters from 12 meters decades ago. Study revealed that an
estimated of some four (4) million tons of suspended sediments enter the lake annually,
leading to an average net accretion of 0.50 cm per year (SDLBE-Nauta, 2002). The heavy
siltation of the lake has detrimental effects to ecology and economy. In a rapid valuation of
the Lakes benefits to society if returned to its prestine state, Php 3.6 billion in annual benefits
is lost due to the deterioration of the Lakes quality (Arcenas, 2012)

Realizing the urgency to reduce the impact of global warming, the Laguna Lake
Development Authority (LLDA) has spearheaded various watershed rehabilitation in Laguna
de Bay Region through reforestation. As early as the 1990s, a permanent agro-forestry
nursery was established within its premises in Calauan, Laguna, which provides seedling
requirements for its own tree planting activities as well as for other stakeholders like LGUs,
industries, river councils and other organizations which were conducting similar activities.
Taking the lead, LLDA has reforested a number of areas within its jurisdiction including the
road stretching along the boundary of Baras and Tanay in the province of Rizal. The Pangil
Bamboo Farm in Laguna was also conceived giving its locals livelihood.

THE NATIONAL GREENING PROGRAM

Executive Order No. 26 is President Benigno Simeon C. Aquinos response to worldwide


concern on global warming. Issued on February 24, 2011, it aims to plant 1.5 billion trees in
1.5 million hectares within 2011 to 2016 to areas covering forestlands, mangrove and
protected areas, ancestral domains, civil and military reservations, urban areas under greening
plan of LGUs, inactive and abandoned mine sites, and other suitable lands within public
domain.

The NGP also seeks to improve quality of various waterways including irrigation for
farmlands, reduce potential for flooding, soak up carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere, and
lay the foundation for an expanded wood products economy.
All government agencies, GOCCs and institutions, including local government units, will
provide full support to the program.

COMMITMENT OF LLDA TO THE NATIONAL GREENING PROGRAM

Even before the issuance of E. O. 26, LLDA has been doing watershed rehabilitation within
the Laguna de Bay Region.

In 2011, additional nursery was established on LLDA property in Lumban, Laguna to


augment the growing demand for forestry.

From 2011-2014, the authority produced a total of 503,683 seedlings wherein 345,191
seedlings were planted and/or dispersed to different stakeholders within the Laguna de Bay
region. In 2013, seedlings production in both nurseries reached to a total of 111,248 seedlings
wherein a total of 51,211 seedlings were planted and/or dispersed to various stakeholders
within the Laguna de Bay region. By 2014, a total of 200,511 seedlings were produced and
with a total of 229,934 seedlings planted and/or dispersed to LGUs, industries and various
civic organizations.

Aside from the production of planting stocks and field planting, the LLDA supports the NGP
by means of providing technical and extension assistance to stakeholders such as species
selections, site identifications and land preparations. In addition, the LLDA recognizes the
significance of the involvement of the community in the success of the project. Therefore, the
agency is mobilizing the sectors in the private and public areas to become part of the
program.

In order to sustain the impact and significance of NGP, LLDA is committed to create and
implement supportive policies and utilize integrated methods to resource management and
empower local people to ensure equitable sharing and responsibilities in caring for our
environment.