Lovely Professional University, Punjab
Course Code 
Course Title 
Course Planner 
Lectures 
Tutorials 
Practicals 
Credits 

MTH213 
COMPLEX ALGEBRA 
12106::Ravinder Kaur 
3 
0 
0 
3 

Course Weightage 
ATT: 5 
CA: 25 
MTT: 20 
ETT: 50 
Exam Category: 
13: Mid Term Exam: All MCQ – End Term Exam: MCQ + 

Subjective 

Course Orientation 
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION (Higher Education), COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION(Civil Services), KNOWLEDGE ENHANCEMENT 
TextBooks ( T ) 

Sr No 
Title 
Author 
Publisher Name 
T1 
ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS 
R.K.JAIN AND 
NAROSA PUBLISHING HOUSE 
S.R.K.IYENGAR 

Reference Books ( R ) 

Sr No 
Title 
Author 
Publisher Name 
R1 
HIGHER ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS 
B.S.GREWAL 
KHANNA PUBLISHERS 
Relevant Websites ( RW ) 

Sr No 
(Web address) (only if relevant to the course) 
Salient Features 
RW1 
http://mathfaculty.fullerton.edu/mathews//c2003/CauchyGoursatMod.html 
CauchyGoursat Theorem 
RW2 
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/CauchyIntegralFormula.html 
Cauchy Integral Formula 
RW3 
http://mathfaculty.fullerton.edu/mathews//c2003/SingularityZeroPoleMod.html 
Singularites, Zeros and Poles 
RW4 
http://mathfaculty.fullerton.edu/mathews/c2003/HarmonicFunctionMod.html 
Harmonic functions 
RW5 
http://www.solitaryroad.com/c614.html 
Residues, definite and improper integrals 
RW6 
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ConformalMapping.html 
Conformal mapping 
Audio Visual Aids ( AV ) 

Sr No 
(AV aids) (only if relevant to the course) 
Salient Features 
AV1 
http://nptel.ac.in/courses/111103070/9 
Differentiation of complex functions 
AV2 
http://nptel.ac.in/courses/111103070/21 
Cauchy integral formula 
AV3 
http://nptel.ac.in/courses/111103070/38 
Laurent Theorem 
LTP week distribution: (LTP Weeks)
Weeks before MTE
7
An instruction plan is a tentative plan only and a teacher may make some changes in his/her teaching plan. The students are advised to use syllabus for preparation of all examinations. The students are expected to keep themselves updated on the contemporary issues related to the course. Upto 20% of the questions in any examination/Academic tasks can be asked from such issues even if not explicitly mentioned in the instruction plan.
Weeks After MTE 
7 
Spill Over (Lecture) 
Detailed Plan For Lectures
Week 
Lecture 
Broad Topic(Sub Topic) 
Chapters/Sections of Text/reference books 
Other Readings, Relevant Websites, Audio Visual Aids, software and Virtual Labs 
Lecture Description 
Learning Outcomes 
Pedagogical Tool Demonstration/ Case Study / Images / animation / ppt etc. Planned 
Live Examples 
Number 
Number 

Week 1 
Lecture 1 
Introduction to Complex Functions(Set of points in Complex plane) 
T1 
Lecture 1Zero lecture and introduction to complex numbers. Lecture 2 set of points in complex plane should be covered 
To impart the basic knowledge of course content and various Academic tasks. Students will learn about basics of complex set theory 
Zero lecture and white board teaching with discussion 

Lecture 2 
Introduction to Complex Functions(Set of points in Complex plane) 
T1 
Lecture 1Zero lecture and introduction to complex numbers. Lecture 2 set of points in complex plane should be covered 
To impart the basic knowledge of course content and various Academic tasks. Students will learn about basics of complex set theory 
Zero lecture and white board teaching with discussion 

Lecture 3 
Introduction to Complex Functions(Functions of Complex Variable) 
T1 
Basic information of components of complex variable functions 
Student will learn about domain, image, real and imaginary parts of complex functions 
White board along with discussion 
The waves in quantum mechanics had to be complex, for the waves to remember the momentum as well as the direction of motion. And when you multiply operators or state vectors, you actually have to multiply complex numbers 
An instruction plan is a tentative plan only and a teacher may make some changes in his/her teaching plan. The students are advised to use syllabus for preparation of all examinations. The students are expected to keep themselves updated on the contemporary issues related to the course. Upto 20% of the questions in any examination/Academic tasks can be asked from such issues even if not explicitly mentioned in the instruction plan.
Week 2 
Lecture 4 
Introduction to Complex Functions(Standard Elementary Functions) 
T1 
Lecture 4: Introduction to standard elementary complex variable functions Lecture 5: problems based on elementary complex functions 
Students will learn about composition and various properties of some standard complex variable functions 
White board along with discussion 
This can be particularly useful because the frequency factor (which includes the time dependence of the sinusoid) is often common to all the components of a linear combination of sinusoids 
Lecture 5 
Introduction to Complex Functions(Standard Elementary Functions) 
T1 
Lecture 4: Introduction to standard elementary complex variable functions Lecture 5: problems based on elementary complex functions 
Students will learn about composition and various properties of some standard complex variable functions 
White board along with discussion 
This can be particularly useful because the frequency factor (which includes the time dependence of the sinusoid) is often common to all the components of a linear combination of sinusoids 

Lecture 6 
Introduction to Complex Functions(Limit and Continuity) 
T1 
Lecture 6: Limit and Lecture 7: Continuity of Complex function 
Students will learn the concept of limit and continuity of complex functions and methods to find the limit and verification of continuity of complex function 
White board along with discussion 
limits can be used to solve the problems of statistical approach in daily life like If one tosses a coin infinte times, how likely is he to never toss a head? Answer to this situation is zero 
An instruction plan is a tentative plan only and a teacher may make some changes in his/her teaching plan. The students are advised to use syllabus for preparation of all examinations. The students are expected to keep themselves updated on the contemporary issues related to the course. Upto 20% of the questions in any examination/Academic tasks can be asked from such issues even if not explicitly mentioned in the instruction plan.
Week 3 
Lecture 7 
Introduction to Complex Functions(Limit and Continuity) 
T1 
Lecture 6: Limit and Lecture 7: Continuity of Complex function 
Students will learn the concept of limit and continuity of complex functions and methods to find the limit and verification of continuity of complex function 
White board along with discussion 
limits can be used to solve the problems of statistical approach in daily life like If one tosses a coin infinte times, how likely is he to never toss a head? Answer to this situation is zero 

Lecture 8 
Analytic Function (Differentiability and Analyticity) 
T1 
AV1 
Lecture 8: 
Students will learn the methodology to check the nature of given complex function in the complex plane and on the given points 

R1 
Differentiability by definition Lecture 9: Problem associated with differentiability of complex functions 
White board along with discussion 

Lecture 9 
Analytic Function (Differentiability and Analyticity) 
T1 
AV1 
Lecture 8: 
Students will learn the methodology to check the nature of given complex function in the complex plane and on the given points 

R1 
Differentiability by definition Lecture 9: Problem associated with differentiability of complex functions 
White board along with discussion 

Week 4 
Lecture 10 
Test 1 

Lecture 11 
Analytic Function(Cauchy Riemann Equations (Necessary and sufficient conditions for a function to be analytic)) 
T1 
Lecture 11: Cauchy Riemann equations, Polar form of Cauchy Riemann equations Lecture 12: Analytic behavior of complex functions using CR equations 
Students will learn the methodology to check the nature of given analytic function in the complex plane and on the given points 
White board along with discussion 
It helps to provide the solution of Laplace equation, i.e solution of heat flow equation under steady state. This fact is used to use conformal mappings to find solutions to physical problems involving scalar potentials such as fluid flow and electrostatics. 
An instruction plan is a tentative plan only and a teacher may make some changes in his/her teaching plan. The students are advised to use syllabus for preparation of all examinations. The students are expected to keep themselves updated on the contemporary issues related to the course. Upto 20% of the questions in any examination/Academic tasks can be asked from such issues even if not explicitly mentioned in the instruction plan.
Week 4 
Lecture 12 
Analytic Function(Cauchy Riemann Equations (Necessary and sufficient conditions for a function to be analytic)) 
T1 
Lecture 11: Cauchy Riemann equations, Polar form of Cauchy Riemann equations Lecture 12: Analytic behavior of complex functions using CR equations 
Students will learn the methodology to check the nature of given analytic function in the complex plane and on the given points 
White board along with discussion 
It helps to provide the solution of Laplace equation, i.e solution of heat flow equation under steady state. This fact is used to use conformal mappings to find solutions to physical problems involving scalar potentials such as fluid flow and electrostatics. 

Week 5 
Lecture 13 
Analytic Function(Harmonic Functions) 
T1 
RW4 
Lecture 13: Concept of Harmonic functions Lecture 14: Application in analytic functions and scrutiny of Test 1 
Students will learn the role of Laplace Equation in Complex function for the understanding the concept of Harmonic functions. 
White board along with discussion 
The harmonic functions have proved to be a powerful technique for robotic motion planning in a known environment 
Lecture 14 
Analytic Function(Harmonic Functions) 
T1 
RW4 
Lecture 13: Concept of Harmonic functions Lecture 14: Application in analytic functions and scrutiny of Test 1 
Students will learn the role of Laplace Equation in Complex function for the understanding the concept of Harmonic functions. 
White board along with discussion 
The harmonic functions have proved to be a powerful technique for robotic motion planning in a known environment 

Lecture 15 
Complex Integration(Line Integrals) 
T1 
Lecture 15: Contour Integrals (line integrals in complex plane) Lecture 16: Use of line integrals for analytic functions 
Students will learn to solve line integrals of complex function 
White board along with discussion 
It helps to establish the important result of Green's theorem to measure the area of a region enclosed by a smooth, closed, positively oriented curve 
An instruction plan is a tentative plan only and a teacher may make some changes in his/her teaching plan. The students are advised to use syllabus for preparation of all examinations. The students are expected to keep themselves updated on the contemporary issues related to the course. Upto 20% of the questions in any examination/Academic tasks can be asked from such issues even if not explicitly mentioned in the instruction plan.
Week 6 
Lecture 16 
Complex Integration(Line Integrals) 
T1 
Lecture 15: Contour Integrals (line integrals in complex plane) Lecture 16: Use of line integrals for analytic functions 
Students will learn to solve line integrals of complex function 
White board along with discussion 
It helps to establish the important result of Green's theorem to measure the area of a region enclosed by a smooth, closed, positively oriented curve 

Lecture 17 
Test 2 

Lecture 18 
Complex Integration (Cauchy Integral Theorem) 
T1 
RW1 
Cauchy Integral 
Students will learn the application of Cauchy integral formula in complex function integration 
White board along with discussion 
This theorem has it's applications in numerical problems of electronic circuits and fourier transforms (which is majorly used in digital signal processing) 

RW2 

Theorem and Cauchy Integral for Multiply connected Domains and Cauchy Integral formula 

Complex Integration (Cauchy Integral Formula) 
T1 
RW2 
Cauchy Integral 
Students will learn the application of Cauchy integral formula in complex function integration 
White board along with discussion 
This theorem has it's applications in numerical problems of electronic circuits and fourier transforms (which is majorly used in digital signal processing) 

AV2 

Theorem and Cauchy Integral for Multiply connected Domains and Cauchy Integral formula 

Week 7 
Lecture 19 
Complex Integration (Cauchy Integral formula for higher order derivatives) 
T1 
Cauchy Integral formula for derivatives 
Students will learn the use of Cauchy Integral formula for higher order derivatives to solve integrals of complex functions 
White board along with discussion 

SPILL OVER 

Week 7 
Lecture 21 
Spill Over 
An instruction plan is a tentative plan only and a teacher may make some changes in his/her teaching plan. The students are advised to use syllabus for preparation of all examinations. The students are expected to keep themselves updated on the contemporary issues related to the course. Upto 20% of the questions in any examination/Academic tasks can be asked from such issues even if not explicitly mentioned in the instruction plan.
MIDTERM 

Week 8 
Lecture 22 
Series Expansions and Singularities(Taylor’s series) 
T1 
Lecture 22: Introduction to Taylor Series Expansion of Complex Functions and Lecture 23: 
Students will learn the expansion of complex functions using Taylor's Series 
White board along with discussion 

Application of Taylor series in analytic functions 

Lecture 23 
Series Expansions and Singularities(Taylor’s series) 
T1 
Lecture 22: Introduction to Taylor Series Expansion of Complex Functions and Lecture 23: 
Students will learn the expansion of complex functions using Taylor's Series 
White board along with discussion 

Application of Taylor series in analytic functions 

Lecture 24 
Series Expansions and Singularities(Laurent’s series) 
T1 
AV3 
Lecture 24: Laurent Series Expansion of Complex Functions Lecture 25: Application to find residues of analytic functions 
Students will learn the expansion of complex functions using Laurent's Series 
White board along with discussion 

Week 9 
Lecture 25 
Series Expansions and Singularities(Laurent’s series) 
T1 
AV3 
Lecture 24: Laurent Series Expansion of Complex Functions Lecture 25: Application to find residues of analytic functions 
Students will learn the expansion of complex functions using Laurent's Series 
White board along with discussion 
Lecture 26 
Series Expansions and Singularities(Zeroes and Singularities of Complex function) 
T1 
RW3 
Lecture 26: Introduction to Zeros Lecture 27: Singularity and Scrutiny of test 2 
Students will learn to find Zeros and Singularities of complex Functions 
White board along with discussion 

Lecture 27 
Series Expansions and Singularities(Zeroes and Singularities of Complex function) 
T1 
RW3 
Lecture 26: Introduction to Zeros Lecture 27: Singularity and Scrutiny of test 2 
Students will learn to find Zeros and Singularities of complex Functions 
White board along with discussion 

Week 10 
Lecture 28 
Residues and Evaluation of Integrals using Residues (Residues) 
T1 
RW5 
Lecture 28: problems based on residues Lecture 29: Cauchy residue theorem and Lecture 30: Application of residue theorem in integrals 
Students will learn the method to find Residues and application of Cauchy residue theorem on complex integrals 
White board along with discussion 
An instruction plan is a tentative plan only and a teacher may make some changes in his/her teaching plan. The students are advised to use syllabus for preparation of all examinations. The students are expected to keep themselves updated on the contemporary issues related to the course. Upto 20% of the questions in any examination/Academic tasks can be asked from such issues even if not explicitly mentioned in the instruction plan.
Week 10 
Lecture 29 
Residues and Evaluation of Integrals using Residues (Residues) 
T1 
RW5 
Lecture 28: problems based on residues Lecture 29: Cauchy residue theorem and Lecture 30: Application of residue theorem in integrals 
Students will learn the method to find Residues and application of Cauchy residue theorem on complex integrals 
White board along with discussion 
Lecture 30 
Residues and Evaluation of Integrals using Residues (Residues) 
T1 
RW5 
Lecture 28: problems based on residues Lecture 29: Cauchy residue theorem and Lecture 30: Application of residue theorem in integrals 
Students will learn the method to find Residues and application of Cauchy residue theorem on complex integrals 
White board along with discussion 

Week 11 
Lecture 31 
Test 3 

Lecture 32 
Residues and Evaluation of Integrals using Residues (Evaluation of definite Integrals using Residue Theorem) 
T1 
Evaluation of definite Integrals using complex Analysis 
Students will learn to evaluate definite integrals of complex functions using residues 
White board along with discussion 

Lecture 33 
Residues and Evaluation of Integrals using Residues (Improper real Integrals) 
T1 
Evaluation of Improper Integrals 
Students will learn to evaluate the improper integrals of complex functions using residues 
White board along with discussion 

Week 12 
Lecture 34 
Residues and Evaluation of Integrals using Residues (Inverse Laplace Transforms by method of residues) 
T1 
Evaluation of inverse Laplace using residue 
Students will learn the applications of residues in inverse Laplace Transforms 
White board along with discussion 

Lecture 35 
Transformations(Some general transformations) 
T1 
Lecture 35: Introduction of Bilinear Transformation Lecture 36: mapping of a half plane in a circle and Scrutiny of test 3 
Students will learn about Bilinear Transformation 
White board along with discussion 

Lecture 36 
Transformations(Some general transformations) 
T1 
Lecture 35: Introduction of Bilinear Transformation Lecture 36: mapping of a half plane in a circle and Scrutiny of test 3 
Students will learn about Bilinear Transformation 
White board along with discussion 

Week 13 
Lecture 37 
Transformations(Bilinear 
T1 
Introduction of Bilinear Transformation and mapping of a half plane in a circle 
Students will learn about Bilinear Transformation 

Transformation) 
R1 
White board along with discussion 
An instruction plan is a tentative plan only and a teacher may make some changes in his/her teaching plan. The students are advised to use syllabus for preparation of all examinations. The students are expected to keep themselves updated on the contemporary issues related to the course. Upto 20% of the questions in any examination/Academic tasks can be asked from such issues even if not explicitly mentioned in the instruction plan.
Week 13 
Lecture 38 
Transformations(Mapping a half plane into a circle) 
T1 
Introduction of Bilinear Transformation and mapping of a half plane in a circle 
Students will learn about Bilinear Transformation 
White board along with discussion 

Lecture 39 
Transformations(Conformal 
T1 
RW6 
Introduction of Conformal mapping 
Students will learns about use of Conformal mappings in complex Analysis 
White board along with discussion 

mapping) 

Week 14 
Lecture 40 
Transformations(Conformal 
T1 
RW6 
Introduction of Conformal mapping 
Students will learns about use of Conformal mappings in complex Analysis 
White board along with discussion 
mapping) 

SPILL OVER 

Week 14 
Lecture 42 
Spill Over 

Week 15 
Lecture 43 
Spill Over 

Lecture 44 
Spill Over 

Lecture 45 
Spill Over 
Scheme for CA:
CA Category of this Course Code is:A0203 (2 best out of 3)
Component 
Weightage 
Test 
50 
Test 
50 
Test 
50 
Details of Academic Task(s)
Academic Task 
Objective 
Detail of Academic Task 
Nature of Academic Task (group/individuals) 
Academic Task 
Marks 
Allottment / 
Mode 
submission 

Week 

Test 1 
To check understanding of students about the concepts of complex variable functions 
Functions of complex variable, elementary complex functions, Limit and Continuity of a function of Complex variable, Differentiability 
Individual 
Offline 
30 
2 / 3 
An instruction plan is a tentative plan only and a teacher may make some changes in his/her teaching plan. The students are advised to use syllabus for preparation of all examinations. The students are expected to keep themselves updated on the contemporary issues related to the course. Upto 20% of the questions in any examination/Academic tasks can be asked from such issues even if not explicitly mentioned in the instruction plan.
Test 2 
To check understanding of students about the concepts of differentiability of complex variable functions 
Analytic functions, Cauchy Riemann Equations (Cartesian and Polar Coordinates), Harmonic Functions, Line Integrals 
Individual 
Offline 
30 
5 
/ 6 
Test 3 
To check understanding of students about the concepts of series expansion and singularities of complex variable functions 
Taylors series, Laurent's series, Zero's and Singularities, Residues, Cauchy residue theorem 
Individual 
Offline 
30 
9 
/ 10 
An instruction plan is a tentative plan only and a teacher may make some changes in his/her teaching plan. The students are advised to use syllabus for preparation of all examinations. The students are expected to keep themselves updated on the contemporary issues related to the course. Upto 20% of the questions in any examination/Academic tasks can be asked from such issues even if not explicitly mentioned in the instruction plan.
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