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TALLER DE FENMENOS DE TRASPORTE I

Transferencia de Calor
Prof. Arlex Chaves

1. Electrically Heated Vessel Wall

To prevent heat loss from a fluid-filled vessel, it is decided to attach an electrical heater to the
outside of the wall, as shown in Fig. Passing a current through the heater material yields a constant
rate of heat generation, Hv. The bulk temperature and heat transfer coefficient are Ti and hi,
respectively. The outside values are To and ho , where To<Ti. Assume that the steady-state
temperature is a function of x only. Calculate the heating rate that is just sufficient to eliminate any
heat loss from the inside of the container.

2. Peltier Effect
When a melt is an electrical conductor and its solid is a semiconductor (as is the case for silicon),
passing a current from the solid to the melt releases heat at the interface, a phenomenon called the
Peltier Effect. As shown in figure, suppose that layers of molten and solid silicon are confine between
graphite plates separated by a distance L. Both phases occur because the melting temperature of
silicon (Tm) is between the temperatures of the plate (T1<Tm<T2). Assume that temperature
variations in the x and y directions can be neglected and that the system is at steady state.

a. If there is no electrical current, calculate T(z) in both silicon phases and find the height h of
the melt-solid interface. The termal conductivities of the melt and solid are Km and Ks,
respectively, and Km Ks . The heat of the fusion is .
b. With an electrical current present, the rate of energy release at the interface is given by

Hs = iz
Where is the peltier coefficient (volts) and iz is the current density in the z direction (A/m2). Again
determine T(z) and h.
3. Determinar la expresin para el flujo de calor a travs de la siguiente pared compuesta en
serie y en paralelo, usando resistencias equivalentes para resolverlo.

4. Determinar el modelo matemtico para el siguiente sistema:

a) Calentamiento de un cuerpo cuando las condiciones de resistencia superficial son


despreciables
Cuando la resistencia superficial es relativamente pequea en comparacin con la
resistencia total, es decir, cuando Bi >> 0.1, se encuentra una segunda clase de procesos
de transferencia de energa dependientes del tiempo. Para dicho proceso, la temperatura
de la superficie, Ts, es constante para todo tiempo, t > 0 y su valor es igual a la temperatura
ambiente, T.

b) Asuma que se obtuvo el siguiente perfil de temperatura:


4 2
= (sin ) ( 2 )

=1

Donde = , grafique el anterior perfil para tiempos diferentes.
(/2)2

5. Haga el ejercicio 10B.4 del libro Fenmenos de Transporte de Bird segunda edicin
6. Haga el ejercicio 10B.18 del libro Fenmenos de Transporte de Bird segunda edicin.