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Insider knowledge for the discerning defence

and security professional

Issue #6 July 2015

ITALIAN NAVY PROGRAMME RFI DETAILS FOR SWEDENS NEW AIRBUS CYBER
UPDATES: PPA, LHD, LSS JET TRAINER SOLUTION: KEELBACK NET

INTERVIEW

PARAMOUNT CHAIRMAN
BLASTS DEFENCE INDUSTRY

FREMM
ANOTHER LANDMARK DELIVERY FOR FRENCH FRIGATE

TURKISH FIGHTER NEW ARMOURED VEHICLES GERMAN NH90

FOREIGN PARTNER UPDATES FROM ITALY,


1 FOR F-X Industry Bulletin
:: Defence BRAZIL, SPAIN,
1 MEXICO WILL IT BLEND?
Welcome 1 Cyber 27
The Broader Picture 2 Africa 29
Land 5 The Briefing Room 41
Sea 11 More Information 44
Air 22

The contract between DCNS and the Egyptian authorities was signed on 16 February 2015 in Cairo, Egypt (DCNS)

F rances export machine has


gone into overdrive in 2015 with
enormous deals with Egypt and
programmes from Italy, Spain,
Brazil and Mexico.
Elsewhere, Sweden has released
Defence Industry Bulletin and if
you have any comments you would
like to share, please dont hesitate
Saudi Arabia recently announced. its jet trainer RFI, and we look at to get in touch at
On 23 June the first FREMM frigate the options as Turkey considers its haveyoursay@defenceiq.com.
was delivered to Egypt and Defence impending foreign partner for its
Industry Bulletin (DIB) had Victor indigenous F-X fighter.
M.S. Barreira on the scene to report Also, in The Briefing Room
on the historic deal. Paramount Group Chairman Ivor
In other maritime news we have Ichikowitz blasts the antiquated
details on the upgrade of the A-4 defence industry and extols the
Skyhawk for the Brazilian Navy and potential of the African market. He
insight on Italys new Naval Law also discusses recent Paramount
passed to finance three new vessel developments and plans for the
types for its Navy. future. Moreover, we also host Andrew Elwell and Richard de Silva
In the land domain, DIB a panel discussion with noted
interview General Dynamics journalists, academics, and analysts
European Land Systems on its on predictions for the outlook in
future strategy and have exclusive Africa and its land systems market.
updates on armoured vehicle We hope you enjoy this issue of

Front cover image: DCNS

1 :: Defence Industry Bulletin


The Broader Picture

UK defence industry survey frowns on EU Exit Oliver Austin

A study commissioned by
aerospace trade body ADS
Group on a possible British
percent indicated that leaving the
EU would be preferred. Among
companies ranging from electronics
important international regulation
and market access, as well as the
investment in European science,
withdrawal from the EU has giants to SMEs, the offering of technology and innovation.
shown overwhelming support for free trade and the simplification Everitt did however point to
the country to remain a member. of regulations stood out as the findings that all relevant sectors
Analysis undertaken by auditors most fundamental of membership desired change within EU processes
at KPMG concluded that the benefits. to adjust its focus on promoting
EU provides key benefits to the Paul Everitt, CEO of ADS Group, growth, investment in skills,
countrys aerospace, defence, said, This ADS/KPMG economic innovation and competitiveness.
security and space sectors. assessment demonstrates The UK, he said, can then maximise
According to the findings, the the significant benefits the its involvement to ensure further
impact that membership has on the aerospace, defence, space and benefits.
levels of European market access, security industries get from UK The ADS study may have been
skilled labour, supply chains and membership of the European issued as a result of this years
collaborative funding all place the Union. Our industries are clear that Scottish referendum debate, which
UK in an advantageous position the UKs continued membership many in the industry felt did not
within the international scene. of the EU is good for companies, afford the aerospace and defence
The evidence was supported by their employees and the future industry with enough of a voice
a GfK NOP survey of ADSs 900 prosperity of the country. ahead of the vote. Prime Minister
members that showed 86 percent Our sectors value the UK David Cameron has pledged to hold
of respondents holding a belief that Governments ability to influence an EU referendum near the end of
membership retention was better the rules of the EU single market, 2017.
for their business, where only two its role in helping to shape

UTC announces departure from helicopter market Joseph Carpenter

U nited Technologies Corporation


(UTC) announced in recent
weeks that it will divest of its
United Technologies. Sikorsky is
the worlds premier helicopter
company and through a series of
continues to expect organic
sales growth of 3 to 5 percent
and cash flow from operations
Sikorsky Aircraft business, subject strategic wins is well positioned less capital expenditures in the
to final Board approval, in what will for long-term growth. However, range of 90 to 100 percent of net
mark an end to its involvement in separation of Sikorsky from the income attributable to common
the military helicopter business. portfolio will allow both United shareowners.
The announcement follows a Technologies and Sikorsky to better At time of publication, Boeing,
review of strategic alternatives focus on their core businesses. Lockheed Martin, Textron (Bell) and
for Sikorsky announced earlier Given that Sikorsky owns a Airbus are all believed to still be in
this year. A decision on whether significant share of the military the bidding process.
Sikorsky will be spun off or directly rotorcraft customer base, the
sold is expected by the end of the move has caused ripples across
third quarter, but analysts expect the helicopter market. However,
a sale unlikely due to the hefty Sikorsky is expected to remain
bill UTC would receive on gains afloat for the foreseeable future,
tax. The more likely outcome is albeit with a reduced overhead,
a spinoff with another company beginning with the loss of 1,400
buying Sikorsky after a two-year jobs, the consolidation of its
period to avoid tripping over tax Connecticut operations and the
regulations. closure of its Bridgeport facility.
Gregory Hayes, UTC President According to a press release,
and Chief Executive Officer, said: UTC now expects 2015 earnings per The Sikorsky Blackhawk will soon be flying under
Our strategic review has confirmed share of $6.35 to $6.55 on sales of a different name
Image: SSGT Suzanne M. Jenkins, USAF
that exiting the helicopter business approximately $58 to $59 billion,
is the best path forward for excluding Sikorsky. The company

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 2


The Broader Picture
UK invests in additive manufacturing R&D to bolster aerospace sector
Andrew Elwell

T he UK is investing in
additive manufacturing
research and development to
record levels - around 45,000 new
aircraft and 40,000 helicopters
are needed between now and
composite products.
Additive manufacturing, or 3D
printing as it is more commonly
maintain its place at the forefront 2032, worth over $5 trillion. This known, has the potential to
of innovation in the global will provide billions of pounds of transform military supply chains
aerospace market. work to the UK economy given our and profoundly change the
Business Minister Anna Soubry leading capability in wings, engines, dynamics of the aerospace and
officially opened the Aerospace helicopters, advanced systems and defence industry. In an exclusive
Research Centre and National services. Defence IQ survey, over half (54%)
Centre for Net Shape and Additive Getting this right will deliver of respondents strongly agreed that
Manufacturing in Coventry on 22 economic benefit through our large, the use of additive manufacturing
June. The research facilities are mid-sized and small companies would be widespread in the A&D
housed within the Manufacturing across the breadth of the country. sector. In total, 83% gave a positive
Technology Centre and form part of As part of the investment in response to the statement about
the governments wider investment the UKs aerospace sector, four the universal uptake of 3D printing
strategy for the aerospace sector, funded projects were announced in the future, indicating we may be
which is a 2.1 billion commitment at the ceremony in Coventry: 7.2 approaching a new manufacturing
overseen by the Aerospace million for Airbus to research ways revolution.
Technology Institute (ATI). to remove imperfections on wing Investment from government
Government and industry surfaces; 5 million to research and industry will be critical for
are working together to keep how pioneering technologies, first movers in the market to
Britain at the forefront of the such as the Internet of Things, lead innovation and push the
global aerospace market, said can be applied to aircraft factory boundaries of engineering.
the minister during the opening production; 6.4 million to research Soubry is right when stating that
ceremony. We are currently second advanced automated assembly this could help deliver economic
only to the United States, but there technologies to improve the cost benefit in the long-term. Thats true
is more to do and it is important competitiveness of the UK supply not just for aerospace and defence
that we continue to invest in R&D chain; and 4.4 million for UTC companies but the wider economy
and develop ground-breaking Aerospace Systems to set up too. There is hardly a company in
technologies. production lines to manufacture the sector that is not looking to
Demand for new aircraft is at high volume, low cost advanced diversify its products and services
into other adjacent verticals. The
impact of the economic collapse
in 2008 has weighed heavy on
defence companies need to
de-risk their product lines and
look to other markets for growth.
Additive manufacturing can be a
route into new markets as it helps
firms diversify what they can
manufacture.

UK invests in additive manufacturing technology for aerospace applications

3 :: Defence Industry Bulletin


The Broader Picture
Colt Defense files for bankruptcy Oliver Austin

I conic U.S. gun maker Colt


Defense announced voluntary
Chapter 11 bankruptcy in June,
and trade creditors. Colt intends
for the sale to ensure a smooth
and swift transition of the business Colt has
a process that will allow for an
accelerated sale of Colts business
with all of its iconic brands,
products, and operations supported struggled in
by a stronger balance sheet.
operations in the U.S. and Canada.
The Connecticut-based company The company intends to recent years
boasts a legacy dating back to the continue its normal business
19th Century when it developed operations throughout the process with supply
the pistol it claims won the West. amid a development that was
Since then, it has been the supplier expected among market analysts
after Colt has struggled in recent
chain, limited
of M4 rifles to the U.S. military until
that contract was ended in 2013. years with supply chain, limited
working capital, and accounting
working capital,
Colts current sponsor, Sciens
Capital Management, has agreed
to act as a stalking horse bidder
missteps that required a revision of
reported financial results. It hopes
and accounting
and has proposed to purchase
almost all of Colts assets, assume
to reduce most of its $355 million
debt burden by auctioning off its
missteps
secured liabilities and all liabilities business and generating proceeds
related to existing agreements with to repay lenders.
employees, customers, vendors,

The Colt M4 has been iconic to American battlefields for years


Image: US DOD

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 4


Land
Continued delivery of the H225M for the Brazilian armed forces despite
announcement of 2 year delay Iigo Guevara

T he Brazilian armed forces


have taken delivery of the 16th
Helibras H225M (formerly known as
tactical transport and search
and rescue (SAR) version for the
Brazilian Navy, making this the fifth
two KC-130H in service, as well as
from the 28 future KC-390s.
The FAB will receive eight CSAR
the EC725) out from an outstanding H225M delivered to that service. versions in total, which will also
order for 50 under the Ministry Other operators include the be equipped with an integrated
of Defence-run Project H-XBR. Brazilian Air Force (FAB) and Army self-defence suite including laser
The helicopter was produced Aviation Command. Each service warning systems (LWS) and radar
at the Itajub assembly line of will receive 16 helicopters for a warning receivers (RWR). Specific
the Airbus Helicopters Brazilian variety of operational roles plus two CSAR training will begin on June 29
subsidiary. VIP versions that will be used for through July 3 at the Campo Grande
Local industry participation the Presidential Transport Flight. Air Base and will include H-34
has been growing and so far The seventeenth helicopter is Super Puma, H-36 Caracal, H-60
several companies are providing scheduled for delivery in 2015 and Black Hawk, AH-2 Sabre (Mi-35M)
sections or components for the is a specialized combat search and H-1H (UH-1H) aircrews using
H225M. These include Aernnova, and rescue (CSAR) variant. That night vision goggles.
which produces the metallic helicopter was presented at the Deliveries were originally to
structure fir the tail boom, Inbra 2015 Paris Air Show and is locally have ended by 2017 although they
does the composite structure for designated as the H-36 Caracal by will now stretch to 2019 given the
the intermediate section and tail the FAB. current state of Brazils financial
boom, Toymatic produces the main The FAB will take delivery of the difficulties. Following the CSAR
rotor sleeves, Turbomeca do Brasil airborne refueling prove-equipped on the delivery schedule will be
assembles the Makila 2A1 engines, H-36 Caracal for which its pilots the anti-surface warfare (ASuW)
and Elbits Brazilian subsidiary have been undertaking flight version for the Navy, which is still
Aeroeletronica (AEL) provides the refueling training on F-5FM and under development at Helibras.
avionics. A-1B fighters. The CSAR Caracal will Eight will be delivered to that
The sixteenth example is a be able to refuel from the current standard.

Mexican Army develops a remote controlled weapons station and


rifle-mounted grenade launcher Iigo Guevara

T he Mexican Army-run
Military Industries General
Directorate (DGIM) has developed
DN-XI light armoured tactical patrol
vehicle, which is being built also
by DGIM for a requirement of 1,000
The main obstacle encountered
was local development of the canon
through traditional means, which
and manufactures six prototypes vehciles by 2018. gave way to the development of
of a remote controlled weapons DGIM is also undertaking the a titanium-based component.
station. Development of the development of a low-velocity The third phase led to successful
Sistema de Accionamiento Remoto 40 x 46 mm grenade launcher. trials and development of a
de Armas de Fuego SARAF-BALAM1 The indigenous grenade launcher series production version. There
(Remote Controlled Firearms will be installed in the 5.56mm is no indication of the number
System) began in 2013 and trials FX05 Xicoatl assault rifle being of grenade launchers to be built,
took place in six infantry battalions produced by the DGIM and the but they will form part of the
during 2014. 7.62 mm H&K G3 currently in FX05 family for several decades to
The SARAF-BALAM is required service. Minimum range is 30 m come. DGIM has so far built 56,000
to allow personnel to fire from and maximum is 400 m. The first FX05 assault rifles and intends to
protected location either fixed or phase comprised the development produce 121,000 by 2018.
mobile, has now entered into its of four competing prototypes with
next development phase. Although different characteristics which were
not specified, the SARAF-BALAM merged into a single prototype for
RCWS is likely to be used on the the second phase.

5 :: Defence Industry Bulletin


Land
Spain reignites 8x8 AIFV tender Richard de Silva

T he Spanish Ministry of
Defence has released a list of
essential capabilities that must be
release of the vehicle RFI provides
a glimpse of optimism for local
manufacturing and long-delayed
volume but catering to a range of
modular capabilities.
The release of the MoDs
prioritised, including the need for a military modernisation. The plan on May 29 was welcomed
new 8x8 armoured infantry fighting original call for information on an by the Spanish Association of
vehicle to replace the existing 6x6 8x8 platform occurred six years ago Defence, Aeronautics and Space
BMR fleet. under a project aimed at upgrading Technologies (TEDAE), Spains
the IFV fleet. primary defence industry
The 8x8 project has been association, which stated that
The release of budgeted at $45 million and
companies involved in the
the national industry will finally
have a tool similar to those of

the MoDs plan competition are likely to include


General Dynamics-Santa Brbara
its competitors and possess
a key resource for defending

was welcomed Sistemas (GDELS-SBS), Nexter,


Patria, Lockheed Martin, ARTEC
the technological and national
industrial base.
(Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and In June, Iveco Defence Vehicles
by the TEDAE Rheinmetall), Iveco, Fiat and Oto signed a long-delayed contract
Melara. While the projected number to supply more than 700 military
of vehicles to be produced has not trucks to Spain, including tankers
Following several years of severe been confirmed, the original RFI and recovery vehicles.
budget restraints brought on by intended to see at least 300 vehicles
the economic recession, the MoDs delivered. The new contract is likely
to be for a significantly smaller

We Bring You Fire


The rise of Rockwell Collins mobile targeting system Richard de Silva

T he FireStorm Integrated
Targeting System, the
Rockwell Collins system that has
Rosetta software, which provides
the communication interfaces
and ability to absorb positional
words, the need to operate out of
FOBs has changed to a more mobile
deployment. We have therefore
been benefiting JTACs and FACs for data and plot it on a map; and continued to develop along this
several years, is now being offered an augmentation unit for laser track with our mobile body-worn
as a wearable technology as the rangefinders which overcomes the system, which can still be used in a
defence market continues to adapt shortfalls in the digital magnetic static position, I should add, if you
to demands for soldier mobility. compass and provides a level of need a longer range. Alternatively,
The development will keep the precision needed in this space you can be mobile with a shorter
company ahead of the curve in the not just CAS, but also for artillery range but still with the level of
artillery and mortar market. applications. accuracy offered by an effective
We took our biggest step into The company claimed that UOR, laser rangefinder.
the joint fires space back in 2007 rolled out the equipment, and saw After the UK adopted the system,
when we satisfied a critical UOR it become successfully rotated Germany penned contracts for
for the British Army in Afghanistan throughout Afghanistan from 2007 almost exactly the same product,
to provide a system for accurate to 2014 when British combat forces along with new Link-16 VMF
targeting for close air support, finally withdrew from the conflict. Gateway solutions that enabled an
said Graham Davenport, Marketing The requirement changes over interface with the German Adler
Director for EuMEA Surface time, Davenport said. The ability II solution. This software is at the
Solutions at Rockwell Collins. We to have a more mobile system has heart of both the ESG MOBIFAST
provided a package of equipment become a major driver now and and multi-link system, and while
based on two key elements: our thats partly due to the operational Germany and the UK represent
changes were seeing in other Firestorms two big European

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 6


Land
successes, the companys software and allied interoperability, in undertaking the flight test using a
and equipment is also integrated particular, is of course a critical complete air strike mission thread
in systems from Scandinavia requirement, said Davenport. in both a ground test and live flight.
to Eastern Europe. Beyond the We have to continue to meet VMF Users of the F-35 will certainly
continent, the company has standards, the capability of which is therefore be on our prospective
recently completed its work seen on many of these CAS aircraft customer list for the near-term, but
to entirely reconfigure the today the U.S. F-18s and A-10s, other aircraft are still likely to be
infrastructure for UAE joint fires the UK Tornados, for example and pulling much of the weight in this
and is now providing the provisions area while the F-35 is undertaking
for training. In 2012, Rockwell other missions.
Collins was also selected as the
prime contractor for the Australian
Interoperability Whether they are older aircraft
or newly dedicated CAS aircraft, all
Defence Force Land 17 Digital
Terminal Control Systems (DTCS)
is fundamental, of that will require us to continually
update our software. VMF is
programme, delivering a total of 152
systems valued at $68 million to
and allied unfortunately not a standard fixed
in stone, varying across platforms
Special Forces and artillery forward
observers. This represented the first
interoperability, and over time, so we have our
work cut out if we intend to keep
formal iteration of using FireStorm
in an artillery-led environment.
in particular, up. The standard that is becoming
ubiquitous is Link-16, hence our
With that capability proven, the
same offer has therefore also is of course priority that the software can
translate data from Link-16 into
opened up for mortar operators.
Aside to this, the U.S. Air Force a critical VMF and display the air picture on
the screen of any computer in use.
signed Rockwell Collins to the Davenport also clarified that
Tactical Air Control Party Close requirement with Rockwell Collins having
Air Support System (TACP CASS) identified the need to move to
programme. The company is smaller, simpler and mobile
now under contract for the latest in fact this year weve proven our solutions, the new FireStorm
version of that software (TACP capability with an F-35, given the package will be launching in
1.4.5), continuing its run as the intentions to have that aircraft take the UK this September. Its still
baseline for the U.S. Air Force JTAC on the CAS role. FireStorm, but its capability will be
system. April trials at Edwards Air Force revamped.
Across all of these nations, Base, California, saw a current
interoperability is fundamental, and qualified FAC from the UK

The Firestorm system is now easier to carry. Image: Rockwell Collins

7 :: Defence Industry Bulletin


Land
New VBM+ programme begins, Iveco OTO Melara 8x8 IFV family grows
with new RECCE and recovery variants Eugenio Po

T he Italian Parliament
approved the second phase of
the VBM (Veicolo Blindato Medio)
MoD is confident of finalising its
financing soon.
The new programme is for
Vehicle) made by OTO Melara.
The VBM recovery variant is
entirely new: the Army finally
8x8 Infantry Fighting Vehicle 281 vehicles; 163 are the combat decided to equip its Medium units
(IFV) programme for equipping a variant (i.e. the standard one), with a VBM able to recovery and
second Brigade, after PINEROLO 36 will be anti-tank versions, 14 partly repair similar vehicles.
Medium Brigade, with the new CIO mortar carriers, 8 command post Regarding the main armament
medium wheeled vehicle. CIO is a variants, 40 recovery versions and of the VBM combat, the VBM anti-
consortium between Iveco Defence 120 will be a recce variant. These tank and the VBM recce (in both
Vehicles and OTO Melara. last 120 vehicles will be designed variants) there are still discussions
The Italian Army has a long in two different configurations, ongoing inside the Army Command
term plan to transform three called E1 and E2 by the Army. about the opportunity to switch
of its Medium Brigades. One of These two vehicles are designed from 25 mm cannon to 30 mm. The
them, the PINEROLO Brigade, has to operate together. The E1 VBM Army decided to keep the 25 mm
already completed most of the recce, called Far by industry cannon partly because over 800
transformation process while the because it is designed to undertake of these entirely new weapons are
other two units will follow in future. reconnaissance missions at longer depots waiting to be installed but
With this second big programme distances, is equipped with a the newer vehicles are equipped
announcement, it will be possible radar/FLIR system (the new Selex with modified HITFIST turrets,
to start the transformation of a ES VIRESS system) and with the which can accommodate the 30
second unit. micro-UAV HORUS made by OTO mm cannon with no modifications.
This second phase programme Melara. The E2 VBM recce, called Its likely that in a relatively short
has an overall value of 2.65bn Close because it is designed for time period the final production
($2.96bn) and is due to be recognition at shorter distances, VBMs will be armed with 30 mm
completed in 2024. However, is equipped with Rafael SPIKE anti ATK automatic cannons.
funding for the project is only tank missiles and with the TRP-2
guaranteed until 2017, but the RISTA UGV (Unmanned Ground

The VBM combat, the standard 8x8 IFV vehicle

Update on the Brazilian Armys 4G/LTE 700 Mhz communications system


Iigo Guevara

T he Brazilian Army
undertook the first operational
test of its LTE/4G technology on the
communication through the
Brazilian armys trunking radio
system and data through the
firm CPqD, an independent firm
that specializes in information and
communications technologies. The
700 MHz band on May 29. The test 700 MHz band. That part of the equipment is manufactured by
is part of the Army-run Sistema spectrum has been reserved for Trpico S.A. a joint venture between
Nacional de Comunicaoes Crticas national security and public safety CPqD and Organizaao Promon,
(SISNACC Critical Communications communications. which develops and produces
National System) programme, The communications technology communications equipment.
which aims to separate voice has been developed by Brazilian

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 8


Land
OTO Melara proposes the HITFACT turret to Brazil Victor M.S. Barreira
(Maneuver Combat Vehicle) 8x8 Multitarefa-Leve de Rodas) 4x4
armoured vehicles. multi-purpose light tactical
One prototype of the turret protected vehicle is part of the
and a pilot-batch of 13 turrets Brazilian Armys Strategic Project
will be purchased potentially in Guarani or Projecto Estratgico do
2015 by the armys Manufacturing Exrcito-Guarani (PEE Guarani).
Directorate (or Diretoria de The Brazilian Army has so far
Fabricao). inducted several of the VBTP-MR
Requirements include the 6x6 armoured vehicles developed
HITFACT turret has been proposed to Brazilian
VBR-MR program. Image: ARES Aeroespacial &
105 mm high-pressure gun as by Iveco Veculos de Defesa in
Defesa the main armament, 7.62x51 cooperation with the Brazilian
mm machine guns, 76 mm Army.

T he Italian firm OTO


Melara via its Brazilian
operation OTO Melara do Brasil
grenade launchers, electro-optical
and fire control systems, and
provisions for communication and
Avibras Indstria Aeroespacial/
Renault Trucks Defense with its
Tupi vehicle, which is based on
is teaming with the Brazilian command-and-control systems. the Sherpa Light Scout vehicle,
companies ARES Aeroespacial Optionally, the turret could be Iveco Veculos de Defesa with the
& Defesa (of Elbit Systems of capable of switching to a 120 mm LMV (Light Multirole Vehicle), the
Israel) and state-owned Indstria gun, fire anti-tank missiles, and team of AM General and Plasan
de Material Blico (IMBEL) to accommodate additional armour with the MLTV-BR vehicle and BAE
supply the companys HITFACT and ARES Aeroespacial & Defesa Systems Land Systems South Africa
105 protected modular turret REMAX (REparo de Metralhadora (acquired by South Africas state-
for the Brazilian Armys future Automatizada X) remote weapon owned defence conglomerate Denel
VBR-MR (Viatura Blindada de station armed with 12.7mm or SOC Ltd) with the RG32M LTV are
Reconhecimento-Mdia de Rodas) 7.62mm machine gun or 40mm competing to supply the Brazilian
8x8 armoured reconnaissance automatic grenade launcher. Army with an initial batch of 32
vehicle. The vehicle to be developed CMI Defence has proposed 4x4 armoured vehicles. Another
by Brazilian firm Iveco Veculos de the Cockeril 3105 turret system. 154 vehicles will be acquired in two
Defesa (of CNH Industrial) also will Denel Land Systems teaming with separate tranches of 77 each.
be available in a recovery variant. Mectron Engenharia, Indstria e
The turret proposed to Brazil Comrcio (part of Odebrecht Defesa
includes a 105mm/52 low-recoil e Tecnologia), and China North
gun, coaxial 7.62mm machine gun, Industries Corporation (NORINCO)
digital fire control system by Elbit also delivered proposals on 9 March
Systems Land & C4I consisting 2015.
of commanders panoramic sight ARES Aeroespacial & Defesa
and gunners stabilized sight, laser also proposed other remote
warning system, pintle mounted systems for armoured vehicles,
machine gun, smoke grenade such as the UT-30BR system armed
dischargers, wire cutter and with 30mm Orbital ATK Mk44
periscopes as well as provisions Bushmaster automatic cannon, as
for communications and other well as the TORC 30 (Torre Operada An improved configuration of the VBTP-MR
electronics and other associated Remotamente e estabilizada para Guarani vehicle during trials performed at the
equipment. The HITFACT turret can Canho 30mm) system being army Evaluations Center in Rio de Janeiro.
Image: Victor M.S. Barreira
also be armed with 120mm/45 gun developed in cooperation with the
barrel. Brazilian Armys Technological
HITFACT 105 is currently fielded Center (CTEx) and armed with
by the armies of Italy (400) and Rheinmetall Defence Mk 30-2/ABM
Spain (84) on Iveco-OTO Melara automatic cannon.
Societ Consortile (CIO) VBM The VBR-MR programme
Centauro 8x8 armoured vehicles, together with VBTP-MR Guarani
with 9 HITFACT 120 mounted 6x6 (Viatura Blindada Transporte
on VBM Centauro vehicles of de Pessoal-Mdia de Rodas)
the Sultanate of Oman. The gun amphibious armoured vehicle
has been retained to arm the purchased by the Brazilian Army,
turret mounted on Japanese MCV and VBMT-LR (Viatura Blindada

9 :: Defence Industry Bulletin


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Defence Industry Bulletin :: 10
Sea
Egypt receives advanced combat frigate from DCNS Victor M.S. Barreira

T he Egyptian Navy took


delivery of the FREMM (Frgate
Europenne Multi-Missions) multi-
equipment including the DCNS
SETIS (Ship Enhanced Tactical
Information System) combat
Melara Super Rapid 76/62mm
gun system; Sagem NGDS (New
Generation Dagaie System) soft-kill
mission combat frigate ENS Tahya management system; Thales Air decoy launchers; DCNS Contralto-V
Misr (FFG 1001) it ordered from Systems Herakles phased array anti-torpedo decoys launchers;
French shipbuilder DCNS. The multifunction 3D rotating S-band Nexter Systems NARWHAL 20B
event took place at the companys radar with integrated identification (Naval Remote Weapon Highly
shipyard in Lorient, France in the friend or foe (IFF) capability; Thales Accurate Lightweight) remote
presence of General Sedki Sobhy, Optronique ARTEMIS (Advanced weapon stations armed with
the Minister of Defence and Military Reliable Third generation Electro- 20M693 automatic cannon firing
Production of the Arab Republic optical Multiplexing Infrared 20x139mm ammunitions; MBDA
of Egypt; Jean-Yves Le Drian, Search and track) 360 infrared Aster 15 surface-to-air missiles
the French Minister of Defence; search and track system; Vigy MM fired from SYLVER A43 vertical
Admiral Osama Rabie, Commander electro-optical fire control system; launcher; MBDA Exocet MM40
in Chief of the Egyptian Navy; Thales Air Systems Altesse-X Block 3 surface-to-surface missiles
Admiral Bernard Rogel, the French communication electronic launched by two ITL 70A-B3 quad
Chief of Navy; and Herv Guillou, support measures system; launchers; and launchers for
Chairman and CEO of DCNS. DCNS BEST (Boosted Electrical EuroTorp MU90 lightweight torpedo.
Prior to being delivered to Egypt, System Technology) combined ENS Tahya Misr offers a
DCNS conducted outfitting work diesel electric or gas (CODLOG) displacement of 6000t, overall
that included the translation of propulsion suite; DCNS Shipmaster length of 142, width of 20m, max
interfaces to English language integrated navigation suite; speed of 27kts, and cruising range
and removal of DCNS SYLVER A70 Terma Scanter 2001 navigation of 6000nm, and is manned by a
(SYstme de Lancement VERtical) and surveillance radar systems; crew of 108. Space is available
vertical launching system for MBDA Thales Underwater Systems UMS to accommodate rigid-hulled
France MdCN (Missile de Croisire 4110 CL and CAPTAS 4 (Combined inflatable boats and 10t-class multi-
Naval) land attack long-range Active and Passive Towed Array role helicopter.
cruise missile Elettronica Nettuno Sonar) hull-mounted and towed
4100 electronic jammers and sonar systems respectively; OTO
Thales Communications & Security
Surfsat-L satellite communications
(SATCOM) antennas.
From March 2015, DCNS has
been training the Egyptian crew
with assistance of DCI (Dfense
Conseil International) NAVFCO
including via the use of simulators.
DCNS is also responsible for
providing on-job training for
Egyptian maintainers and a five-
year through-life support (TLS)
package to be carried out in Egypt
that includes supply of spares and
technical assistance.
The ship will set sail to Egypt
by late July to take part in the
inauguration of the new Suez Canal
on 6 August.
The frigate was designed to
conduct tasks such as escorting
high-value units, anti-submarine
warfare, anti-air warfare and act as
the command ship of a naval force.
It retains several of its original main ENS Tahya Misr frigate was transferred to Egypt on 23 June 2015
(Victor M.S. Barreira)

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 11


Sea
The ship formerly known as FS feature modifications to remote SYLVER A70 vertical launcher for
Normandie (D651) was due to be weapon stations installations and MdCN missiles.
delivered to the French armament to electronic jammers antennas. From 2023, French FREMMs will
procurement agency DGA A total of 11 ships (contracted be reinforced by five 4000t frigates
(Direction Gnrale de lArmement) in November 2005 and September currently locally known as FTI
to integrate in the French Navys 2009) were originally ordered by the (Frgate de Taille Intermdiaire)
Aquitaine-class. However the DGA via the OCCAR (Organisation that will replace the ships of La
ship was acquired by Egypt on 16 Conjointe de Coopration en Fayette-class. The DGA awarded
February 2015. The country also matire dARmement). This number DCNS, Thales and MBDA France a
purchased 24 Dassault Aviation has been recently cut to eight 10-month feasibility study contract
Rafale EM/DM fighters, precision units with two being of the anti-air on 29 May 2015 for the ship.
guided kits, air-to-air and surface- warfare (AAW) variant or Frgate de DCNS is currently building the
to-air missiles and other associated Dfense Arienne (FREDA). first of four Gowind 2500 combat
equipment on the same day. DCNS is currently building for corvettes purchased by Egypt in
Egypt is the second foreign France the FS Languedoc, FS July 2014 and to be delivered from
nation to receive a FREMM Auvergne and FS Bretagne boats, 2017. The remaining three units will
frigate from DCNS after the Royal as well as modules for a fourth be built in Alexandria, Egypt. They
Moroccan Navy commissioned ship. will feature DCNS PSIM (Panoramic
Mohammed VI (701) on 30 January DCNS offers four variants of the sensors and Intelligence Module)
2014. The design is being actively FREMM design featuring CODLOG mast system; SETIS system; Thales
marketed in several countries or combined diesel-electric and gas Nederland SMART-S Mk 2 S-band
including Brazil, Saudi Arabia and (CODLAG) propulsion comprising 3D multi-beam radar; Thales Air
Canada. multi-mission base ship; multi- Systems Vigile 200 electronic
DCNS has so far delivered anti- mission ship with increased AAW warfare system; Super Rapid
submarine warfare (ASW) frigates capability equipped with SYLVER gun system with multi-feeding;
FS Aquitaine (D650) in November A50 vertical launchers for Aster MBDA VL MICA surface-to-air
2012 and FS Provence (D652) in 15 and 30 surface-to-air missiles; missiles vertically launched by CLA
June 2015. Another four units will multi-mission ship with increased (Conteneur Lanceur Autonome)
be inducted by 2019 according to ASW capability; and ship with autonomous launch containers;
the Military Programming Law increased land attack capability and MU 90 torpedoes.
2014-2019. FS Provence ship featuring a 127mm main gun and

The handover of ENS Tahya Misr frigate was held in Lorient, France with the presence of high-ranking officials from France and Egypt
(Victor M.S. Barreira)

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 12


Sea
French Navy receives second FREMM frigate Oliver Austin

F REMM is not only proving


to be an export success. This
June, DCNS delivered the second
reduction on previous generation
surface combatants. The vessels
capabilities include anti-submarine
Canada has also been pursued
by DCNS as a customer as the Royal
Canadian Navy (RCN) is in need of
frigate, named Provence, to the warfare (ASW), anti-surface warfare replacing many of its ageing ships
French Navy. ASuW and anti-air warfare (AAW). that do not meet international
The vessel follows the delivery of Provence will have its systems environmental standards and are
the FREMM Aquitaine in November fitted by DCNS specialists and therefore prevented from entering
2012, the first in line of the new subcontractors over the coming some ports overseas. Under
class that has now successfully months, including significant Canadas National Shipbuilding
completed naval cruise missile installation of masts, radars and Procurement Strategy (NSPS)
firing tests. The series was ordered antennas. outlined in 2010, $25 billion has
by the Organisation for Joint FREMM is heavily armed and been budgeted to modernise the
Armament (OCCAR) on behalf of equipped with state-of-the-art fleet over the next 30 years. Now,
French armament procurement equipment, including a Herakles with Russia again pushing its
agency, DGA. multifunction radar, and either military presence in the Arctic, the
Aster and Exocet MM40 surface-to- urgency to re-outfit the RCN may
surface missiles or MU90 torpedoes, become a more urgent priority.
Aquitaine designed to meet the expectations
of numerous navies. Aquitaine
In April, Italy ordered two
more FREMM frigates, completing
launched its launched its first MM40 at the DGA
testing centre off Levant Island,
its planned order of ten vessels.
Orizzonte Sistemi Navali, a joint
first MM40 at near Toulon.
Anne Bianchi, FREMM
venture between Italian shipyard
Fincantieri and Finmeccanica,
the DGA testing programmes director at DCNS, said
that the latest progress underlines
are building the ships and are
scheduled to complete delivery by

centre our ability to produce first of rank


combat ships that meet our client
2020.
Under the latest French defence
navies needs, such as those of plan (2014/2019) the French Navy
Morocco and Egypt, referring to the will receive six ASW variants to
The French industrial group has landmark export orders of one and replace the Georges Leygues-class
five of the frigates in various stages two FREMM vessels, respectively. frigates by 2019, followed by two
of construction, with twelve set Negotiations with the Hellenic Navy anti-air variants to replace the
to be completed and eleven to be to purchase or lease a number of Cassard-class frigates. A decision
provided to the French Navy. Each FREMM look increasingly unlikely will be taken next year on the
vessel requires a crew complement to come to fruition given the variants of the remaining three.
of 108, marking a significant economic turmoil in Greece.

Profile: Latest progress:


Total length: 142 metres The FREMM Aquitaine, first in series, delivered in
Width: 20 metres 2012.
Displacement: 6,000 tonnes The FREMM Mohammed VI, for the Royal Moroccan
Maximum speed: 27 knots Navy, delivered in 2014.
Operation: 108 persons (including helicopter The FREMM Provence, delivered 12 June 2015.
detachment) The FREMM intended for the Egyptian Navy,
Accommodation capacity: 145 men and women formerly the FREMM Normandie, will be delivered in
Range: 6,000 nautical miles at 15 knots summer 2015.
The FREMM Languedoc will make its first sea outing
in autumn 2015.
The FREMM Auvergne is currently in the final stages
of construction and will be launched in September
2015.
The FREMM Bretagne is currently being assembled.

13 :: Defence Industry Bulletin


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Concept image of the USS John F. Kennedy (CVN-79). Image: US Navy

U.S. Navy awards $4.3bn carrier shipbuilding contract Joseph Carpenter

T he U.S. Navy has awarded


two major contracts to
Newport News Shipyard subsidiary
and for the sailors who will sail
her. We look forward to continuing
to implement lessons learned from The vessels
Huntington Ingalls Industries for
work on the upcoming construction
the first-of-the-class ship, Gerald
R. Ford, in the construction of feature higher
Kennedy and delivering the next
of its new nuclear-powered aircraft
carrier. $3.35bn has been offered great carrier to the Navy. electrical power-
for design and construction on the The new Ford-class carriers have
second Gerald R. Ford class (CVN- faced some criticism over their generation
79) carrier, to be christened the high costs and production delays,
USS John F. Kennedy (replacing the but both the Navy and the Defense
Department are intent on speeding
capacity and
CV-67; decommissioned in 2007),
while $941.2m has been provided as up delivery. Ford-class carriers offer
enhanced design including flight
the flexibility to
a follow-on to a previously agreed
modification contract on the vessel.
The cap on total construction costs
deck changes, weapons handling
systems and a redesigned island,
incorporate a
for the CVN-79 has been scored at
$11.5bn.
in the aim of increasing the rates
of aircraft sortie-generation.
range of future
Mike Shawcross, vice president
for Newport News Shipbuildings
The vessels also feature higher
electrical power-generation
technologies
CVN-79 carrier construction, capacity and the flexibility to
released a statement saying: These incorporate a range of future 2010. More than 450 of the ships
awards are important, not only technologies, which are helping to 1,100 structural units have since
for the shipbuilders at Newport improve efficiency and operating been built under a construction
News Shipbuilding, but for the costs in spite of a reduction to the preparation contract ahead of
thousands of suppliers nationwide crew size. establishing the ships hull .The
who provide the steel, pipe, cable, The first steel for Kennedy, keel-laying ceremony scheduled for
paint and equipment that goes into which may replace the USS Nimitz August 22.
this cutting-edge defence platform (CVN-68), was cut in December of

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 14


Sea
Naval Law passed to finance 3 new vessel types for Italian Navy
Eugenio Po

I taly has ratified a new Naval


Law, which is an extraordinary
ruling for the Italian Navy that
sanctions funding to build 3 types
of new vessels for Italian Navy.
The first contracts for the design,
development and construction of
the next generation Italian Navy
ships were signed as a result.
The backbone of these new units
is the PPA (Pattugliatore Polivalente
dAltura or Multifunctional Offshore
Patrol Ship), which is a large multi-
role frigate. The second is a logistic
ship, LSS (Logistic Support Ship), A computer generated image of the PPA in the so called Light configuration
which is not only a fleet tanker but
a logistic ship able to support the prior to building both units. The penetrating 3-inch weapon and will
fleet for longer missions; and the following phases will start in the put its new 127/64 mm VULCANO
third is an amphibious ship, LHD coming months. cannon on all PPAs. MBDAs Italian
(Landing Helicopter Dock). The delivery of the LSS is division will provide all the missiles
With an overall budget in excess scheduled for 2019 while the first for the PPA: anti-ship TESEO and
of 5.4bn ($6.13bn), the general PPA will be ready in 2021, followed anti-air ASTER). WASS (also part of
plan of the Naval Law is to build 6 by one ship a year in 2022, 2023 and Finmeccanica) will be responsible
PPA with the option for another 4 2025. The programme plans for the for the anti-submarine and anti-
and one each of the LSS and LHD. delivery of two ships in 2024. torpedo systems of the PPA and the
If the cost for each unit is lower Within the programme, LHD while Elettronica will design
than scheduled it will be possible Fincantieri will provide a life-cycle all the Electronic Warfare systems.
to build one or more PPA on option, support of 10 years for the fleet,
and it seems already that a seventh with logistics activities, in service
PPA will be built thanks to some support, and will provide shafts,
savings.
OCCAR (Organisation Conjointe
stabilisation fins, automation
solutions and a platform control
The delivery
de Coopration en matire
dArmement) will manage the LSS
system through its company
Seastema.
of the LSS is
and PPA programmes, while the
LHD programme is running as a
Finmeccanica with its Selex
ES company will act as a prime
scheduled for
standard Italian MoD programme.
For PPA and LSS the value of
contractor for all the Combat
System (CS) and Combat
2019 while the
the contracts signed by OCCAR
with Fincantieri shipyard and
Management Systems (CMS). Selex
ES will have direct responsibility first PPA will be
Selex ES/Finmeccanica, is worth
3.5bn ($3.97bn). Of the contract
a Raggruppamento Temporaneo
for the CMS and for the new set of
AESA (Active Electronically Scanned ready in 2021,
Array) radar, one of which will be
dImpresa, which is like a
temporary joint venture, limited
a dual band AESA planar array followed by one
radar operating in I/J and C bands).
only to this particular programme
2.3bn will go to Fincantieri and
OTO Melara, which is part of ship a year in
Finmeccanica as well, is developing
1.2bn to Finmeccanica.
The contracts are divided is
a new version of its 76/62 mm 2022, 2023 and
cannon, called Sovraponte
different phases. Phase 1 is already
running and has a value of 372m
(translates to over the bridge),
which is a new lightweight non
2025
and covers all the design work

15 :: Defence Industry Bulletin


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U.S. Navy UCLASS programme rubs industry wrong way Oliver Austin

T he U.S. Navy is unable to


issue a formal solicitation for
its Unmanned Carrier Launched
requirements had been finalised
over a year ago but that taking
the next step had been delayed
delay, Boeing Defense, Space &
Security President and CEO Chris
Chadwick released an open letter
Airborne Surveillance and Strike over the DoDs aviation study. The expressing disappointment over
System (UCLASS) contract until the disgruntlement is not new to the the decision to re-examine mission
Defense Department has completed project, which has been subject requirements, stating: If the
its future military aircraft review, to a series of controversies and industry is to continue investing in
according to those working on the indecision. NAVAIR had planned these opportunities, the Defense
project. to release the draft RFP by the end Department has to solidify its
of March 2014 but has now pushed requirements. It does nobody any
the deadline back by a year. While good to do R&D for the sake of
Taking the next the Navy is optimising the platform
for ISR and limited strike (rather
R&D.
Chadwick cited the U.S. Air
step had been than long-range strike), along with
a potential tanker role, calls for the
Forces current T-X jet trainer
programme, under which Boeing
delayed over the aircraft to have long endurance,
penetrating strike, aerial refueling
has teamed with Saab to pitch
a new aircraft, as an example

DoDs aviation and broadband stealth capabilities


are putting pressure on schedules,
of a steady, smart partnership
between industry and military
programme managers and end-user. Likewise, both Saab
study manufacturers. and Boeing have been active this
Boeing, General Atomics, year in company-funding other
Lockheed Martin and Northrop innovations, such as in converting
Rear Admiral Mike Manazir, director Grumman were already awarded the precision-guided GBU-39
of air warfare at the USN, admitted $15 million each in 2013 to Small Diameter Bomb to a ground-
in a speech at a Washington think participate in the programme. launched variant (GLSDB).
tank that the UCLASS development In response to the most recent

Naval Helicopter Integration: Germany Richard de Silva

I n March 2015, Germany


confirmed its long-awaited
deal to purchase 18 new NH90
industry will be able to continue
its work in the build, maintenance
and modernisation of maritime
the Airbus Tiger attack helicopter
will also be decreased to 68 and
a future frontline fleet limited to
NFH helicopters for its Navy from helicopters. Deliveries of the Sea just 40. These are trying times for
NHI Industries. The deal for the Lion model are due to begin in 2018 European forces when it comes
naval multirole platform, to be in line with the Navys scheduled to cost-effectiveness and making
inaugurated into service as Sea retirement of its Westland Sea King the most of any new procurement
Lion, is valued at $1.55 billion 41s. comes down to issues of flexibility
and marks another customer for In spite of this decision, the and interoperability, including the
a helicopter that has already been German Army is slashing its order capacity for use within a coalition
adopted by five other NATO nations. of 122 NH90s to 80, with two further environment.
Meanwhile, the German helicopter airframes for training and 22 more
covered by options. An order for

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 16


Sea

Defence Industry Bulletin


spoke with Captain (KZS)
Thorsten Bobzin of German
Naval Aviation Command
(Marinefliegerkommando) to
understand the operational
thinking behind the purchase
and how the aircraft will be
absorbed into service.

Captain Thorsten Bobzin (left), German Naval Aviation

Defence Industry Bulletin: Captain, of a full multi-mission helicopter DIB: What have been the priority
what has been the primary driving was abandoned, since the NH90 considerations when it comes
force behind the German Navys NTH Sea Lion is only going to be to integrating the NH90 into the
procurement of the NH90? To what equipped for SAR, logistic support service alongside existing or
extent will the multi-mission of the Navys supply ships and impending assets?
offering provide an advantage above water surveillance taskings.
when addressing the demands of According to existing contracts the TB: So as mentioned, we primarily
modern operations? helicopters will not be equipped aim for a reliable and available
with dipping sonars, torpedoes or fleet. Since the NH90 NTH is
Captain Thorsten Bobzin: Until missiles. These capabilities will going to fully replace the Sea King
2010, the German Navys goal be limited to the Sea Lynx and its fleet there is an opportunity to
was to introduce a single model future successor. As the defining implement changes within the
of helicopter to replace the aging process for a Sea Lynx successor logistic support chain and towards
fleets of both the 21 Sea King and, a has only now started, there is still modern European regulations
little later, the 22 Sea Lynx currently a possibility that another version (EASA conformity). For example,
in service. Inter-exchangeability in of the NH90 will be chosen, which we intend to bring in industrial
the various roles and tasks would could bring our Navy back to maintenance support to a larger
have allowed the navy to reduce operating a one-model-helicopter degree, allowing us to concentrate
the total number of required fleet. However, this decision will be our military maintenance on
helicopters to 30. The selection taken outside the Navy. basic flight line maintenance
process between the two main With our aging helicopter fleet ashore and on board our type 702
competing models the NH90 and the already protracted process fleet supply ships. Additionally,
Naval Frigate Helicopter (NFH) and in mind, our main focus has we are going to introduce
Sikorskys S92 (based on the CH148) shifted more and more towards DEMAR (DEU European Military
was finally decided politically. bringing helicopters smoothly Airworthiness Requirements)
In 2013, following a decision into service helicopters that specified maintenance training
to reduce the number of German are reliable and cover all basic based on EASA regulations. Aside
Army helicopters to be procured, a operational necessities. Even for from a much higher degree of
new option arose for the German a LYNX successor we are looking compatibility with other NH90
Navy to procure 18 NH90 NTH for readily available options rather operating nations, this will also
(Naval Transport Helicopter), solely than tailored high-tech systems. give our technical personnel a
to replace the Sea King. In 2015 Fancy technical developments just better chance to use their military
German parliament approved these dont fit in todays military budgets knowledge for a consecutive
plans. I can confirm that delivery and they take too long languishing civilian career.
is now scheduled from 2019 with in development before they become
the last helicopters due by the operational.
end of 2022. With this, the idea

17 :: Defence Industry Bulletin


Sea
DIB: On the subject of integration, DIB: Under the current sphere of modern dipping sonar, capable
how does the Navy ensure working operations for which the German of supporting bi- and multi-static
cooperation and interoperability Navy is responsible, what are ASW operations. But again, our
with other nation given the seen as the priority mission types focus is not on procuring high-
coalition nature of todays to be addressed or improved, or tech equipment, but rather reliable
operations? What does this mean indeed the most pressing emerging workhorses that cover that broad
for the wider integration and use of threats? spectrum of tasks in a high
naval helicopters, specifically? operational tempo.
TB: The German Navy puts the
TB: Regarding the question of main focus on classical warfare DIB: Is there any question at the
how we are planning to integrate areas, e.g. Anti-Surface Warfare forefront of your mind on which
the NH90 in our own fleet, we are and Anti-Submarine Warfare. this community could help to shed
planning to make good use of While other tasks (such as MIO, ISR, more light?
experiences made elsewhere. To optical coast line reconnaissance
that end we are in contact with during EUNAVFOR Somalia TB: The German Navy puts the TB:
several other European navies Operation Atalanta, and so on) One interesting question is how
which have already introduced will still be required in future far we can and would like to go
the NH90 into service. The work operations, it is the classical with a common European force,
the Royal Netherlands Navy has warfare areas where complex or if it is sufficient to focus on
already done on developing SHOL tactical knowledge and procedures more common equipment. With
(Ship Helicopter Operating Limits) as well as military specific regard to the latter, although the
for the NH90 on board their ships, equipment is needed. Some of European defence industry already
for example, might be of excellent these current tasks are not far from offers a large variety of products
use to all NH90 operating navies police operations. Others, like drug procured by several nations, the
including our own. interdiction, even go beyond what widespread national differences
Where integration into the German legal system allows for on technical specifications and
multinational coalitions is military forces. operational demands still make it
concerned, we are not yet pressed Therefore, our helicopters must next to impossible to actually gain
for time. Our SAR duty is to a have the sensors and the weaponry positive effects from one product
large degree organised nationally. to complement the classical fits all. The industry is forced to
The main field for multinational warfare capabilities of our frigates. incorporate too many different
operations is a requirement for Indeed, advances in submarine criteria in a single product, which
interoperability within embarked/ technology raise the need for increases costs and development
deployed operations. For the Sea modern anti-submarine sensors time while reducing the platforms
Lions duties as a fleet transport and anti-submarine torpedoes. availability when in service. We
helicopter, common ground will The MU90 torpedo, for example, need equipment that actually
mostly be provided by the HOSTAC is already being integrated into works and does the job. Thats what
(Helicopter Operations from Ships the Sea Lynx fleet. The successor we should aim for.
other Than Aircraft Carriers) to the Sea Lynx should have a
organisation. It is only within the
Sea Lions tasks as a surveillance
asset that tactical cooperation
across nations is required. This
will be based on todays Sea King
experience and is one reason why
we will try our utmost despite
all logistical problems with this
aging helicopter to maintain our
expertise in embarked operations.
A more complex task will be
achieving interoperability for the
Sea Lynx successor as a multi-
mission tactical frigate asset.

Europes NH90 is being absorbed into the German Navy. Image: Julian Herzog

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 18


Sea
Turkey signs with local shipbuilder for amphibious ship Victor M.S. Barreira

T he Turkish armament
procurement arm(Savunma
Sanayii Mstearl or SSM)
development and integration of the
whole combat system that includes
weapon systems, electronic warfare
services; technical assistance;
equipment including diesel
engines, and the companys SICP
awarded the local shipbuilder systems, self-protection equipment (Sistema Integrado de Control de
SEDEF Gemi naat (of Turkish (electronic warfare, acoustic and la Plataforma) integrated platform
TURKON conglomerate) a contract infrared), radar systems, electro- management system in a potential
on 7 May to design and build one optical systems, integrated cooperation with the Turkish firm
landing helicopter dock (LPD) for communications systems and Aydin Yazilim ve Elektronik Sanayii
the Turkish Naval Forces Command navigation systems. (AYESA).
(TNFC). The ship based on the BPE The ship will feature a light
cargo garage of 1880 m2; heavy
(Buque de Proyeccin Estratgica)
strategic projection ship design of Alongside cargo garage of 1410 m2 for TEU
containers, armoured vehicles
Spanish shipbuilder Navantia (of
Spanish state-owned SEPI group) is providing such as main battle tanks, wheeled
and tracked personnel carriers
scheduled to be delivered in 2021.
The ship will be the bigger Turkey with an and amphibious assault vehicles
and other equipment; a hangar of
surface unit with the TNFC and will
be used to conduct naval operations impressive troop 900 m2 for S-70B Seahawk anti-
submarine helicopters, CH-47
over the Aegean, the Black, and
the Mediterranean seas, as well as projection asset, Chinook transport helicopters and
AW149 multi-mission helicopters;
on operations on the Atlantic and
Indian oceans. Four of Navantias the ship will a dock with capacity of 1165 m2
for four landing craft mechanised
LCM-1E landing crafts also will be
built in Turkey.
Following a decision taken
generate lots boats (LCMs) or two landing craft
air cushion vehicles (LCACs); and a
by the Turkish Defense Industry
Executive Committee (SSIK or
of work for the flight deck of 5440 m2 with 6 spots
and sky-jump ramps at the front
Savunma Sanayii cra Komitesi)
on 26 December 2013, the BPE
Turkish defence with vertical and/or short take-off
and landing (VSTOL) capacity. It
design was selected according to
a decision released by the SSM
industry will offer a displacement of about
27.436t, length of 231m, maximum
on 27 December 2013 to meet the beam of 32m, height of 58m, top
requirements of the countrys speed of 21kts, and maximum
Havuzlu karma Gemisi (or Havelsan, as the combat system range of 9000nm.
Landing Platform Dock) project. solution partner, is responsible for Main fittings will include a fully
SEDEF Gemi naat was selected command and control information electric propulsion suite consisting
over proposals by other local system, navigation information of five 8000 Kw MAN Diesel & Turbo
shipbuilders RMK Marine Gemi distribution system, information SE 16V32/40 diesel engines, two
Yapm Sanayii ve Deniz Tamacl system, video surveillance system, 11MW Siemens eSIPOD integrated
letmesi and DESAN Deniz naat the message handling system electric drive pod systems; two
Sanayi. and integration services related 1500 Kw azimuth bow thrusters
The ship will be outfitted out with these systems. The ships and diesel gensets; integrated
with a wide range of equipment combat management system will platform management system;
from the local state-owned be based on Havelsans GENESS SMART-S Mk2 air and surface
companies Aselsan Elektronik (Gemi Entegre Sava dare Sistemi) surveillance S-band radar laser
Sanayi Ve Ticaret (Aselsan) and solution. warning system; electronic support
Havelsan Hava Elektronik Sanayi Alongside providing Turkey with measures system; infra-red search
ve Ticaret (Havelsan). Both signed an impressive troop projection and track system; anti-torpedo
a business partnership agreement asset, the ship will generate lots of system; HF/VHF/UHF and satellite
for the ships combat system work for Turkish defence industry. communication systems; decoy
in response to the request for The Spanish shipbuilder will launchers; radar-electronic counter
proposals file issued by the SSM. be responsible for delivering the measures system; two electro-
Aselsan is responsible for the design and transfer of technology optical fire directors; identification,

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 19


Sea
friend or foe technology; one weapon systems. by Navantia and BAE Systems
precision approach radar; two The Turkish ship was designed Australia for the Royal Australian
navigation radars; two low for amphibious operations, Navy (RAN). The first vessel the
probability of intercept radar force projection troops and HMAS Canberra (LHD-01) was
systems; one air traffic and control personnel, command and control, delivered in October 2014, and the
radar, tactical datalink systems; replenishment at sea, joint second unit HMAS Adelaide (LHD-
damage control system; and operations and military operations 02) scheduled to be delivered by
ammunition handling and stowage other than war (MOOTW) missions late 2015.
systems. such as humanitarian assistance,
As for self-protection armament, medical support featuring large
the amphibious assault vessel will medical facilities and disaster
carry four STOP remote weapon relief.
stations armed with 25mm One BPE ship is in service
automatic cannon; three STAMP with the Spanish Navy as SPS
remote weapon stations armed Juan Carlos I (L61), and two
with 12.7mm heavy machine gun; Canberra-class landing helicopter
and two Mk 15 Phalanx close-in docks (LHDs) were jointly built

SPS Juan Carlos I amphibious assault ship of Spanish Navy paid a visit to Istanbul in May 2011
Image: Cem Devrim Yaylali

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 20


RE
13th Annual

TH AI T O
MARITIME

CO
E G SS F
N N VE N

LO AN THE
BA CE Y
E

L M C O EAR
RECONNAISSANCE

AR M M
ITI U
M NIT
E
& SURVEILLANCE

Y
Ensuring maximum domain awareness
Main Conference: 29th 30th September 2015 Pre-Conference Workshop: 28th September 2015
Location: Park Plaza Victoria, London, UK

An excellent opportunity
to share experiences and
keep abreast of the latest
developments in maritime
surveillance.
Major Jose Muoz Crave,
Surveillance Escuadron 3
Commander, Spanish Air Force

Our esteemed 2015 speaker panel includes:

Vice Admiral Vice Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Rear Admiral Dato Brigadier Captain
Stanislaw Zarychta, Roberto Sachica, Kazuki Yamashita, Thomas Ernst, Azhari bin Abdul David Evans, Michael Napolitano,
Commander Maritime Head of Naval President, Commander, NATO Rashid, Head of Information Chief of Staff,
Operations Centre, Operations, Japan Maritime Maritime Air Forces, Commander Naval, Services, Commander Patrol and
Polish Navy Colombian Navy Self Defense Force NATO Region 1, Royal Navy Reconnaissance Group,
Staff College Royal Malaysian Navy US Navy

Sponsors:

www.maritimerecon.comDefence Industry Bulletin :: 21


Air
New Russian Fighters for 2017 Oliver Austin

T he Russian Air Force is to


receive its first batch of PAK FA
T-50 fifth-generation fighter jets by
and engines to ensure the plane
can stay mostly undetected by
radars or other optical and infrared
current prototype performance
may all result in further delays to
the PMF.
late 2016 or early 2017, according to technologies. In March, Russia scaled back
the head of Russias United Aircraft Slyusar also announced its commitment to the number of
Corporation (UAC). intentions to sign an R&D T-50s it will purchase, reducing the
Yuri Slyusar, told press at the collaboration contract with India figure from 52 by 2020 to just 12 (a
Paris Air Show that Sukhoi has for joint work on the derivative single squadron) and deciding later
now delivered four prototypes and variant of the aircraft known as on whether it needs or can afford
two test beds, with three more the Perspective Multi-role Fighter further orders. Some analysts are
prototypes expected for delivery which will be heavily customised pondering whether the continued
by the end of 2015. The additional for the requirements of the Indian health of the Russian economy,
prototypes are intended to allow Air Force, including the potential in the wake of western sanctions,
for the testing programme to be of outfitting it as a two-seater. will further impact production and
expanded and accelerated. However, as previously reported by sales.
The multirole aircraft will be a Defence Industry Bulletin [issue India meanwhile has
single seat, twin engine platform 3; Oct], a number of factors downgraded its initial purchasing
that combines the functions of including cost overruns, a lack of size from 200 to 144 planes at an
a strike aircraft with a fighter. reliable high-performance engines estimated total cost of $30 billion.
According to state corporation and alloys, a reluctance for Russia In total, Russia expects to sell 1,000
Rostec, the jet will be built with to share design knowledge with units worldwide as it hopes to rival
composite materials, and come India, and reports of dissatisfaction worldwide procurement of the F-35.
with advanced electronic systems among Indian departments over

Update on the IA-58 upgrade for Argentina Iigo Guevara

T he Argentine Air Force


(FAA) is upgrading an
unknown number of FMA IA-58A
is Pucar A-568.
Nevertheless, given the large
stock of parts from the 108-plus
FAAs III Air Brigade at Reconquista
in January 2015.
The number of aircraft to be
Puacar twin-turbooprop attack- IA-58A Pucar fleet procured by the upgraded is thought by several
fighters with new avionics and FAA in the 1970s and early 1980s, sources to be 12 although so far
engines. Prime contractor is the FAdeA was able to completely only three sets of wings have been
government-run Fbrica de Aviones remanufacture a IA-58D Puacar funded.
(FAdeA) Brigadier San Martin, which (serial A-580) and redeliver it to the
has subcontracted the redesign of
the Puacaras 48-foot span wings to
accommodate the new engines.
FAdeA will re-engine the
aircraft with the more efficient
950-shp Pratt & Whitney PT-6A-62
turboprops that will replace the two
988-hp ageing Turbomca Astazou
XVIG used in the original aircraft.
The Turbomca engines are now
out of production and are becoming
increasingly difficult to maintain.
The modified wings were
delivered by IAI to the FAA in late
May for refit into Pucar A-561,
which is the new-engine prototype.
A separate new avionics prototype
New Puacar being upgraded by Argentine Air Force. Image: FAA

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 22


Air
First NATO ISR UAV revealed Joseph Carpenter

N ATO has unveiled its first


Intelligence Surveillance
Reconnaissance UAV in the form of
15 nations participating, including
the Czech Republic, Italy, Norway,
Poland, Slovenia, the Baltic States
to bring this advanced and critical
persistent ISR capability to the
alliance to help ensure we can
the first of five Northrop Grumman and the U.S. The aircraft is derived continue to address the range of
RQ-4B Global Hawk aircraft set from the U.S. Air Force Block challenges our member and other
to fulfil the Alliance Ground 40 Global Hawk and will offer allied nations face.
Surveillance (AGS) programme wide-area long-endurance for The $1.7 billion contract
requirement. use in a variety of ISR missions, includes involvement from Airbus
including troop support, border Defence & Space, Selex ES and
security and crisis management. Kongsberg, underscoring the level
The complete The complete AGS system will of multinational collaboration. The
involve an expansive range of Global Hawk has a flight endurance
AGS system intelligence-gathering equipment of up to 30 hours and features the
on the ground with fixed, mobile U.S. Air Force Multi-Platform Radar
will involve an and transportable control stations,
along with an advanced PED
Technology Insertion Program
(MP-RTIP) sensor and a Raytheon
expansive range data processing, exploitation and
dissemination element.
developed AN/ALR-89 self-
protection suite consisting of the
of intelligence- Erling Wang, chairman of
the NATO AGS Management
AN/AVR-3 laser warning receiver,
AN/APR-49 radar warning receiver
gathering Organization (NAGSMO), declared
the unveiling as a significant
and a jamming system. Programme
managers are anticipating a
equipment step forward in achieving NATOs
goal of acquiring NATO-owned
challenging integration and
certification process as the
and operated AGS Core Capability. equipment is largely unique and
What you see here today is the differs from that of the U.S. Air
The multinational effort has been result of one of the commitments Force Global Hawks.
in development since 1995, with made at the 2012 NATO Summit;

Swedish call for new jet trainers Joseph Carpenter

S weden has released an RFI


to find a replacement platform
for its ageing Saab 105 (SK 60) twin-
and 30 percent as part of their
calculations. Sweden may adopt
a one- or two-aircraft solution,
since the 1960s and is far from
advanced enough to instill the
skills currently required for present
engine jet trainer fleet. The Swedish with the latter path involving day operations and capabilities,
Defence Materiel Administration both a basic and advanced trainer. a fact that has resulted in the air
(FMV) is aiming to integrate the Instructors would use the advanced arm having to use the front-line
new platform into its forthcoming trainer to download training from aircraft as the platform for practice
Military Flight Training System the Operational Conversion Unit in combat techniques and onboard
(MFTS) to meet IOC as early as 2018 (OCU), which includes training for information management. An
and full operational capability by reconnaissance, night flying, air- operational fleet of around 50 of the
2020. It should remain in service for to-surface attack, lead-in fighter aircraft currently log approximately
up to 30 years as the launch pad for training and air-to-air refueling. 5,500 hours per year.
the next-generation of fighter pilots The advanced flying training and The RFI requires prospective
preparing to fly the Saab JAS-39E fighter lead-in training phases tenders to submit material
Gripen. require Mach 0.65 at an operational including aircraft numbers and
The MFTS is intended to ceiling of over 25,000ft and a speed lifecycle cost estimates by July
provide up to 8,000 live flying of 300kt at 1,000ft. Meanwhile, 1 and anticipates contracts to be
hours per year, along with an the basic trainer must feature the agreed and signed in late 2016 or
additional 3,000 simulator flying ability to operate above 20,000ft early 2017.
hours, but the FMV is also asking and to maintain 230kt (425km/h) in
respondents to consider potential level flight at 15,000ft.
future increases of between 10 The Saab 105 has been in service

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 23


Air
Opinion: NATO AGS hurdles higher than they appear Angus Batey

T he NATO AGS programme


remains of critical importance
to the alliance and to the future The problems
project back on track. At Palmdale,
Northrop officials spoke of the Euro
Hawk restart as if all integration
and certification problems had
shape of unmanned aviation in
Europe. But the problems facing facing both the been solved: if this is the case,
both the platform and the general the company has been unusually
sector arent quite as close to being platform and reluctant to trumpet the fact (the
solved as appearance suggests most recent news story listed on
judging by reports from the rollout the general the Northrop websites Euro Hawk
page relates to a test flight carried
event for the first AGS airframe.
There are a number of key
challenges facing beyond-line-
sector arent out in September 2013).
Where this leaves AGS is
of-sight unmanned aircraft
operations. Perhaps the most
quite as close unclear. At the time of Euro Hawks
cancellation, German politicians
significant are those involving
airframe certification and the need
to being solved behind the decision to cut the
system were also urging Germany
for the aircraft to demonstrate an
equivalent capability to a manned
as appearance to withdraw from AGS. Italy has
become a leader in flying larger
platform to see an inbound aircraft
on a potential collision course and
suggests UAS in Europe and is the only
nation on track to generate a
to take evasive action. No solution domestic training capability for
for either problem has yet been concerns about certification. its fleet of Reaper UAS (expressing
approved. In January, some work on the an intention to offer training to
There have been several instances Euro Hawk was restarted, but European allies once its system
where certification has been sources close to the programme is running; France and the UK
achieved, and some flights of have suggested that transitioning also operate the aircraft, with the
larger UAS have taken place in the payload to a Triton the Global Netherlands in the process of
unsegregated airspace - including Hawk derivative Northrop is buying it, but none of those nations
a series of flights made by a Block building for the U.S. Navy, which can fly it domestically). But AGS
40 Global Hawk between Sigonella, contains additional technologies will be of only limited use if it
the future operating location for necessary to achieve a sense-and- cannot traverse the airspace of all
AGS, and Norway, including transits avoid capability represented a European nations.
of the UK. Northrop staff were more viable means of getting the
correct to draw this to the attention
of journalists at the rollout, and
it does show that the operational
concept works. But there are a
number of important caveats
Firstly, the 2014 Global Hawk
flights took extensive amounts of
planning. Separation from other
air traffic was achieved by flying it
above everything else. Its transits
of the UK seem to have been very
deliberately plotted to minimise the
time it spent over land.
It also seems significant that
the flight plan did not take the
aircraft anywhere near Germany.
The Luftwaffe has its own Global
Hawk-based programme, but the
Euro Hawk has seen problems.
The project appeared dead in 2013
after German legislators expressed

The NATO AGS is expanding shared intelligence options but challenges persist
Image: NATO

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 24


Air
Lockheed Martin wins RAF Chinook training contract Joseph Carpenter

L ockheed Martin has been development, and assist in the


awarded a $78 million contract programme management.
from the UK MoD to deliver the Lockheed Martin UK Chief
Digital Automatic Flight Control
System (DAFCS) and the updated
cockpit of the Mk4 and 5. They
design and build for a new training Executive Stephen Ball said, This are equipped for a variety of roles
facility to for the Royal Air Forces new, purpose-built facility will and can be armed with two M134
Mk6 Chinook operators. use the very latest technology and six-barrelled Miniguns, one in each
The contract will cover 12 simulators to replicate real-life front side window, and an M60D
years of the establishment and operational scenarios and ensure machine gun on the ramp.
running of synthetic training for RAF Chinook pilots and crew are When delivery is complete
crews based at the RAF Odiham trained to the highest standard. by the end of 2015, the total RAF
training facility in Hampshire, UK, Alongside Babcock International, Chinook force will stand at 60 and
where up to 16 employees from the company currently provides is expected to be fully operational
the Lockheed UK site will deliver training support to the UK Ascent by 2017.
a medium to long-term support organisation in its provision of the Meanwhile, the MoD has also
package. The facility will include Military Flight Training System awarded a $45m contract to
a suite a digital training solutions, (MFTS). AgustaWestland to deliver Merlin
two flight deck device simulators The RAF received the first of its Mk 4/4a aircrew synthetic training
and a rear crew training device. 30 14 Mk6 aircraft in June 2014, as part devices which will see pilots will
employees at Lockheeds Orlando of a $1.5bn injection to significantly be trained on new simulators in
facility will support the design and improve its helicopter fleet. The Somerset.
new variants incorporate a new

Turkey F-X set to welcome foreign partner Oliver Austin


for the F-X programme in March
of this year, resulting in a flurry of
interest from some of the worlds
biggest players, including Saab,
BAE Systems, Airbus, Alenia,
Sierra Nevada Corporation (SNC),
and Chinas Shenyang Aircraft
Corporation. Further tender interest
is anticipated to emerge when the
programme reaches the RFP stage.
The F-X is expected to be
introduced into service from 2023.
In January 2015, Turkeys Defense
Industry Executive Committee,
chaired by then-Prime Minister
Ahmet Davutoglu, decided to ramp
up development of the programme,
along with other defence
One of several concept designs for Turkeys future fighter
programmes including production

T he Turkish Government Industries (TAI) to replace the of the indigenous MPT-76 service
existing F-16 fleet and work in rifle, and agreement to commit to
has announced plans to four more F-35s and five additional
select a foreign partner for its tandem with the incoming F-35s.
According to sources, the foreign CH-47 Chinook helicopters.
indigenous fighter jet programme In May, Turkey selected SNC
by 2016. partner will be awarded around
$1bn to support the design phase of to provide Dornier intellectual
Dubbed F-X, the experimental property as primary base
twin-engine fifth generation the programme for four years.
Turkeys procurement agency, models for its future regional jet
aircraft was pushed into programme, which will eventually
development in 2010. It will be the Undersecretariat for Defense
Industries (SSM), released the RFI accompany the indigenous fighter
manufactured by Turkish Aerospace jet in operation by 2023.

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 25


Air
Alenia Aermacchi presents new training system for M-345 HET Eugenio Po

A lenia Aermacchi, part of


Finmeccanicas group, has
unveiled the Ground based training
system constitutes an e-learning
system with its Computer Based
Training (CBT), a Procedural
Tactical Training System), a system
able to create targets on Multi
Function Displays of the jet.
Demonstrator Device (GDD), a Training Device (PTD) and an The M-345 HET is an evolution
ground system demonstrator for Operational Fight Trainer (OFT). The of the previous M-311 with a new
the new basic/advanced jet M-345. PTD and the OFT share the same Williams International FJ-44-
The system is an advanced flight software and part of the hardware, 4M turbofan engine and with an
simulator that is able to replicate but the OFT additional features. advanced, larger cockpit.
the flying characteristics of Alenia These include a wide screen with The trainer, which can act as
Aermacchis M-345 HET (Highly 180 degrees of field of view and a a basic trainer or as an advanced
Efficient Trainer) and has a replica cockpit simulating the real one. trainer, is under development by
of the cockpit and its main flight The final simulator will Alenia Aermacchi with funding
instruments. introduce students to tactics that coming from Italian MoD.
The entire ground based training will be completed during fights
thanks to the ETTS (Embedded

A Computer generated image of the new Ground based training Demonstrator Device

The demonstrator of the M-345 HET in flight with the Italian Air Force Actobatic Team camouflage

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 26


Cyber
U.S. to help Japan defend government data Oliver Austin

I n May, officials from the


U.S.-Japan Cyber Defense Policy
Working Group issued a joint
Less than
statement declaring an agreement
for the U.S. to extend its cyber
a hundred
defence capabilities for government
data protection to its Asian ally.
personnel work
Most important to the decree
will be an increase to the level of
for the nations
security afforded to critical national
infrastructure (CNI) and military cyber defence personnel work for the nations
installations.
The Policy Group was established unit, compared cyber defence unit, compared
to over 6,000 employed at the
in 2013 amid the enacting of
the U.S. pivot strategy, a rise in to over 6,000 Pentagon. Japan is also under
pressure to raise its cyber resilience
Chinese territorial claims, and clear
signs of Japan veering further from employed at the before Tokyo hosts the 2020
Olympic Games.
its long-standing and restrictive
defence policy. Other efforts for Pentagon On the same day the cyber
pact was announced, Japan
support and integration between suffered a breach of its national
Japan and the U.S. includes a pension system and a leaking
pact on ballistic missile defence, that caused significant financial of personal data for 1.25 million
off-shore radar installations and and diplomatic fallout. The White people, underscoring the level of
providing Tokyo with a more House has been taking a number vulnerability in effect.
influential role in regional security. of legal steps towards enforcing a In June, the White House
Both nations have identified an more secure global infrastructure, directed all federal agencies to
increasing level of sophistication including economic sanction on take a series of rapid measures to
in the nature of malicious attacks nations that are believed to be lock down government systems in
from both state-led/sponsored behind cyberattacks on American the wake of a March attack on the
and non-state sources. Meanwhile, systems and prosecution of private Office of Personnel Management.
recent incidents and research companies involved in CNI that fail Some analysts believe the breach to
point to a rise in malicious activity to meet security regulations. have been orchestrated by Chinese
from China and North Korea, Despite Japans reputation as sources.
allegedly including the 2014 attack a leader in technology, reports
on Sony Pictures Entertainment suggest that less than a hundred

Japans cyber defence team is miniscule compared to the current Pentagon workforce

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 27


Cyber
Airbus D&S introduces new APT cyber solution Angus Batey

A key challenge for


companies operating in
the cyber-defence market is in
analysis and a cogent, holistic
response can be set in motion.
Combining a product with a
to their source. This is particularly
important given that most so-
called APTs (advanced persistent
providing solutions that leverage service, Keelback Net can augment threats) go undetected for months:
both technological capability and a clients in-house cyber-defence a company doesnt just need to
human expertise. Buyers may capabilities rather than supplanting know its been breached, it has to
be unwilling to pay solely for a them. As well as allowing clients to know when, what information has
managed service if they already benefit from Airbuss awareness of been exfiltrated from the network
have invested in an information- the threat environment, the system since the attack began, and where
security team of their own - brings a forensic investigation the data were sent. Cyber-defence
and few enterprises active in capability to bear on the problem - philosophy has moved on from
the defence industry will have providing enhanced understanding the idea of firewalls and defending
progressed beyond sole-trader without tying up in-house staff. the perimeter to an acceptance
startup status without having Over the past few years weve that infiltration is inevitable:
done so. Airbus Defence & Spaces been increasingly operating in understanding and limiting damage
Keelback Net product, therefore, this cyber-security space and from an attack is now the primary
may represent a new model. supporting our customers with goal. Investigation therefore
At the heart of the Keelback Net security operations - thats becomes vital.
solution is a physical product - protective monitoring and analysis, Its very difficult and
a sensor, which is deployed on but also the investigations side, very expensive to invest in
customer networks at strategic explains Matt Bennett, cyber- technologies, Bennett says. And
locations to intercept and security incident-response team its very difficult to find the right
interrogate data flowing into and lead at Airbus D&Ss Newport expertise, recruit people and retain
out of the system. When the sensor centre. Over that period weve them. So were taking that burden
detects network traffic which developed a number of tools off their hands, and basically giving
appears anomalous when checked and technologies to support our a range of customers, from very
against databases of known threats analysts and consultants. And a small to very large, access to this
or an understanding of what decision was taken to turn it into level of protection and service. It
constitutes normal behaviour of a more formalised solution set, of enables us to put our customers in
users and nodes on the system, which Keelback is one component. the best position possible to detect
it triggers an alert to Airbus staff Keelback Net permits storage and these types of advanced attacks;
located at one of three European analysis of metadata, meaning that but also be in a position to respond
Cyber Defence Centres, and investigators can track incidents in a timely and effective manner.

Keelback Net was unveiled at the Paris Air Show in June


Image: Airbus D&S

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 28


Africa
Why is an African life worth less than a French, Belgian or German one?
Paramount Group bosses take aim at industry

Defence Industry Bulletins Georg


Mader talks to Ivor Ichikowitz,
Chairman, and John Craig, CEO of
South Africas Paramount Group
on the companys benefit to the
continent, the emergence of its
jigless manufactured aircraft, and
why the global defence industry
needs to change its approach to
Africa.
Chairman Ivor Ichikowitz made EO John Craig sees Paramount as
headlines with his Give war a leading a philosophical change to the
chance! comment. African defence industry.
Image Georg Mader Image Georg Mader

Defence Industry Bulletin: You police and military capabilities, development and promotion. 1994
and Paramount are one of, if not and as companies like Paramount was an important date as this also
the, biggest player in African help them to create such capacities, was the year of a new democratic
defence. Would you please give us we saw these conflicts reduce beginning in South Africa.
an overview on how you see Africa exponentially. I think were down Paramount focuses on providing a
today its defence capabilities and to around twelve today. Thats still broad spectrum of fully-integrated
its markets? too many, but now the continent turnkey solutions to global defence,
has become a viable investment peacekeeping and internal security
Ivor Ichikowitz: In the 21 years destination. People talk about the forces. The Group has established
since we founded Paramount, we rise of Africa but actually nothing itself as a global innovator with
have seen Africa evolve. One thing has changed except one thing: the development of one of the
that has not changed is the reality African governments today are worlds most modern and advanced
that if you are going to expect improving their ability to protect families of armoured combat
countries to introduce democratic their people, their assets, and keep vehicles and also of a revolutionary
systems, if you are going to keep them safe. We are not completely aircraft, the first aerial platform
countries stable for investment, you there yet, but we have made a huge of its kind. Integrated with the
have to give these governments the amount of progress in that time. latest technologies in electronic
ability to protect their democracies. systems, these world-class
This has been our theory, this is DIB: While weve of course known platforms enable Paramount to
why I am in this business, and why Paramount for quite some time and deliver a total defence system
I started Paramount. Back then, followed your recent agreements to its customers. But while our
100 percent of our business was with Ukraine and Jordan at IDEX, business in Africa itself is only
in Africa and we considered and some of our readers wont know small, we never lost our African
still consider the technology that the full background story approach in understanding
Paramount has as an asset of the clients requirements or in using
African continent. It is a mindset. John Craig: As the CEO of the our extensive local knowledge to
21 years ago, there were industrial-holdings organisation, design cost-effective, future-proof
300 armed conflicts taking Im happy to fill them in. As solutions. Thus we enjoy growth,
place in Africa. Dictators, our chairman said, we turn 21 thanks to an excellent track record
coups, insurgencies, liberation- this year. He and his family of delivering successful projects.
movements and crime was rife. founded Paramount in 1994 and
As governments start to invest in he still is very active in business

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 29


Africa
DIB: And Paramount really is the technical ability. Our investment government entity previously
largest African security or defence drives R&D in high-tech fields. not engaged in armoured vehicle
enterprise in existence? production. So we marry our skills
and intellectual property with local
JC: The Group at this point is
Africas largest private defence
If you dont manufacturing capabilities. The
factory there is already built.
contractor and one of the fastest
growing defence companies in
have a secure DIB: Are you able to name some of
the world. Most of our technology
centres and facilities are in South
environment, your vehicle customers?

Africa, but we are operating globally


through partnerships. The Group is
then all the JC: I can talk about some of them.
We have vehicles in service in
a leading innovator in the design
and development of state-of-the- money you Azerbaijan, in Gabon, in the Congo,
in Jordan...
art products that it manufactures
in locations throughout the world. invest in schools DIB: Like the 6x6 Mbombe, your
It is partnered with some of the largest vehicle, which is now also
worlds largest and most reputable and hospitals going to Jordan...
organisations in the global defence
community. We have an office in could be II: No, its not going to Jordan, it
Cyprus, one in London, a company will in fact come from Jordan. In
in Hong Kong...Meanwhile, our meaningless line with the partnership principles
armoured vehicles are being we cultivate, reinforcing the rise
produced in a joint-venture in of indigenous manufacturing in
Baku, Azerbaijan and we will also the Middle East was behind a deal
do so in Kazakhstan and Jordan DIB: When you mention this signed between Paramount Group
industrial-holdings organisation, and KADDB [King Abdullah II
II: ...and we do that without any youre talking about the different Design and Development Bureau],
governmental aid or financial branches of Paramount. What are allowing the latter to manufacture
support, Id like to add! Also these? an initial tranche of 50 Mbombe 6x6
important for me is that what we protected patrol vehicles for the
do and what we achieve is done not JC: Well, our industrial investments Jordanian Armed Forces.
for the Group alone or for South developed in response to the
Africa, but for the support of Africa market opportunities we noticed. JC: The 50 vehicles are actually
as a whole. I strongly believe in the In 2006, we decided to begin a part of a multi-million (US$)
future prosperity of this continent producing our own range of deal between the company and
and its people, but of course it armoured vehicles. Today we KADDB. We signed this at IDEX on
needs a lot of gradual support. have a combat systems division, 23 February 2015 and the contract
Thats the case in any sector producing a range of armoured followed months of testing in
Economics, Health, Infrastructure, vehicle systems for land forces. The Middle Eastern deserts with
Education, Environment and vehicles are fully designed from temperatures reaching around
Defence too. Many countries in scratch no adaptions of existing 50C as well as winter trials in
Africa have so far invested in less designs, no Land Cruisers taken Kazakhstan where temperatures
than 10 percent of their actual and up-armoured. Thats not a plummeted to -50C. Providing
requirements. There is a huge market for us. Instead, it offers fully protection against 14.5 mm
pressure, from the World Bank for own-designed and manufactured ammunition and 155 mm artillery
instance, to invest into all these (with protected bodies) for military shells, Mbombe also boasts
branches of society and not into or security forces. We have mine- STANAG Level IV protection against
military spending. However, if you and blast-resistant infantry 10kg mines detonated under its
dont have a secure environment, vehicles, internal security force flat-hull or wheels. The vehicle can
then all the money you invest in vehicles, and so on. We entered withstand a 50kg TNT blast. By the
schools and hospitals could be that market very successfully and way, all our vehicles are not based
meaninglesscould even be lost! we now have more than a 1,000 on a donor chassis per se, our won-
Thats just a fact. So we believe vehicles in service around the designed fully-welded armoured
the African market is expanding world. Were producing them in structure hulls are strong enough
exponentially and that there is a several hubs. For example, we have to carry COTS suspension and
mindset-change. We try to support recently announced the launch of driveline components without the
this and our success so far lies in vehicle production in Kazakhstan, need for a chassis.
our confidence and faith in Africas with Kazakhstan Engineering a

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 30


Africa
They even did the Super-Hind*
programme [see information box,
p.35]...

DIB: ...Those are the 28 for Algeria,


right? And for Azerbaijan? These
central-Asian nations seem fairly
critical to the company...

JC: Exactly youre well researched!


Weve added several sets of
competencies in the aerospace
segment, including the ability
to design, modify and sustain
Marauder vehicles on parade in Azerbaijan fixed-wing and rotary-aircraft,
but also through the Advanced
DIB: And, is Paramount going successful programme. Meanwhile,
Technologies division the ability
8x8...? Paramount has acquired this
to take those platforms and develop
division and rebranded it as
fully-integrated systems, be it
JC: Yes, we will. From knowledge Paramount Aerospace, including it
recce, airborne-surveillance or full
gained by our previous designs, within our aerospace cluster. It has
weaponisation. Our chairman
weve now arrived in the upper- the ability to upgrade and modify
said one day: We should not limit
echelon of 8x8 full fighting vehicles. almost any platform.
ourselves to upgrade existing
Paramount will thus have a
aircraft or helicopters. We have
comprehensive range of wheeled DIB: So with this division,
the capability here, so we should
vehicles for military and homeland Paramount still has to care for the
undertake our own design.
security applications, including old Mirages in those countries? Are
the Mbombe, the Maverick 4x4 they really being flown or are they
II: You mentioned Azerbaijan. In
ISV, Marauder 4x4 Wheeled Troop dusty hangar queens?
2014, we signed a joint venture with
Carrier and Matador 4x4 MRPV.
AirTech Services Corporation of
II: Hangar queens? No! We have
Azerbaijan. This move will see the
DIB: Lets have a deeper look at the a life-long marriage with these
establishment of manufacturing
air branch. Helicopter upgrades, customers. And old? These were
capabilities for the modernisation,
fast jet modernisation and support, low-mileage F1s only flown on
upgrade and enhancement of
and even its own aircraftIs Sundays! Theyre still, fantastic,
rotary and fixed-wing aircraft.
this all carried out by your own useable aircraft. They fly and they
The joining of our two companies
engineers and workforce? have a long life ahead of them, so
positions us a leader in the region,
we need to support them as we
providing the advantage of various
JC: We are a defence & aerospace always do, in contrast to many
capabilities across a range of
company, with strategic OEMs who only look for profit and
platforms, including Mi-17 and Mi-
investments. Look at Aerosud, a often do not come to Africa with
24 helicopters, and Su-25 or MiG-29
well established company that once decent lifecycle support.
aircraft. Our partnership began with
started as the lead designers of the
land systems and this relationship
Rooivalk attack-helicopter. Today DIB: Got it. What about that new
strengthened as the country
they are a very important partner indigenous aircraft, the AHRLAC?
developed into the fast-growing,
to the likes of Boeing and Airbus,
regional economic powerhouse that
supplying them with over 1.5 JC: AHRLAC has been developed by
it is today. Im very excited that
million parts per year. Its perhaps our dedicated AHRLAC division, but
we can build on this foundation
not well known, but Aerosud within that Paramount Aerospace
to establish advanced aerospace
had a military aviation division cluster, there is a division called
capabilities in this country. But
with competence in upgrading, Paramount Advanced Technologies
were expanding beyond Central
weaponising and sustaining [PAT]. This division was born
Asia, into the Middle East, Asia in
even supersonic combat aircraft. 30 years ago as the company
general, and South America. These
Paramount has worked closely ATE Advanced Technologies
are our key markets.
with this division in providing & Engineering. For many years,
and sustaining the former SAAF among many things, they were very
Mirage F1s to Gabon and Congo- successful in upgrading helicopters
Brazzaville. Thats been a very like the Russian Mi-24 Hind.

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 31


Africa
JC: As weve learned from vehicles, relevance. Never before has an in a tandem configuration as they
if you own a platform, you can advanced design like AHRLAC would in an attack helicopter. To
bring in partners to do the mission been finalised up to flight-tests our knowledge there is currently no
kit, but its still your intellectual in such a short time. Contrary to other aircraft in this solution space.
property. Were following the same the SCORPION [who benefits from AHRLAC offers a number of
concept in aerospace now. The many parts from across CESSNAs unique aspects. This includes its
deal we signed with Ukrainian portfolio], every single component unrestricted canopy, purpose-
engine manufacturer Motor Sich in this aircraft except the engine, designed to give you all-round
JSC, for example, allows us to really the propeller and the cockpit visibility. Because it has a turboprop
get into the OEM league on large displays, have been 100 percent pusher-propeller configuration,
helicopters. You may have heard designed and manufactured with 800kg of weapons, you can
our composite rotor blade sets for from scratch. It is already fully loiter until you see a situation
Russian helicopters never need industrialised, while the Scorpion on the ground that requires
to be replaced again within the people now need to do that. Our you to intervene. So we have no
platforms lifetime. But thats a factory is infinitely scaleable, but conventional engine front/propeller
developing story for another time... we will build AHRLAC in several front aircraft that has been pressed
locations around the world with into an armed reconnaissance
DIB: OK, just back to the AHRLAC indigenous aerospace industries. role for which it was not originally
theres this one prototype flying... We plan to be in serial production conceived. Currently there is a 1,000
by early 2016. And yes, COIN is one hp engine, but theres an upgrade
JC: Yes. Youll have seen it of its roles. It is however built to path with more power and more
flying since August 2014 as a perform multirole missions such payload. Its actually just at the
manifestation of our chairmans as patrol and reconnaissance, beginning of its cycle, with 30 or 40
vision, four years after the concept intelligence gathering or CAS. It years of potential. So I think we are
was put on the table. So far, its can be configured for light attack hitting the sweet spot in price-to-
seen 65 hours, problem free, all capabilities. It can be used for performance with this platform.
engineering validated. This has disaster management. Not to With the price we have in mind,
also been a spin-off opportunity mention internal-security, border- theres nothing else competing in
for young engineers. Theres now a control, maritime patrol and this arena. Jets, even low-end ones
full career path available you can environmental-protection, or levels like Scorpion, are and will remain
live your dreams in the aerospace of flight training. comparably expensive.
environment, in South Africa!
When I entered the market as a JC: I cant resist mentioning that DIB: What about your activities on
young graduate engineer, I wanted every single part of the aircraft the unmanned aircraft side? Are
to do just that, but I didnt have was pre-designed on a computer high-tech UAVs entering Africa?
the opportunity. South Africa was which allowed it to have a jigless
under sanctions. You could work construction. This method saved JC: Of course, we do UAVs. Our
in upgrading aircraft or you could vast amounts in cost and time Mwari [Pelican] is in fact based
work in civil aviation, working and was made possible by parts on the design of AHRLAC, but
out flight-paths for minimum being pre-drilled and machine in a quarter scale. This platform
fuel-burn. Today, we have that made, allowing for accuracy, is commoditised and the real
opportunity in place for aerospace reducing the need for hand skills specialty is that we have long
aficionados and were getting the and therefore taking less time to learned to master launch, recovery
worlds attention. Weve already build. Weve made all the tools and autonomous flight, such
cut metal for the second and for production for sheet metal as for artillery spotting. These
third AHRLAC. We call them the pressings and composite parts are technology building blocks
Advanced Demonstrators and on so it enables us to hit production we can apply across the range.
them we will validate all mission much quicker than other aircraft. Weve developed our own sensor
systems. One airframe isnt enough The first aircraft was already capabilities as well. In South Africa,
to test all sensors and weapons. built from production tooling and we have sensor pack solutions
methodology. To implement this that not only include observation
DIB: So this means that AHRLAC process, Paramount invested in one but aircraft-applications up to the
was not designed for South Africa. of only two computer-measuring guidance-systems for missiles. We
Is it a COIN platform, or a concept machine (CMM) facilities in the had to develop those capabilities in
like Textrons similar new Scorpion world [the other is located in the the past, meaning its now free of
jet? U.S.]. So in many ways, AHRLAC is ITAR-restrictions and controls.
a unique type of aircraft, a manned
II: No. This is a sort of product aircraft operated by two a pilot
that has global application and and a systems operator sitting

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 32


Africa

Paramounts AHRLAC is intended to compete with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in the marketplace
Image: Georg Mader

II: I have to add here that look at the realities of African was and today is a supporter of
sanctions-busting is a thing of peacekeeping deployments around the ANC, the ruling party. But he
the past. South Africa respects the world. French or German didnt want to build an industry on
all international regulations and troops are in air-conditioned, political privileges. So he and we
resolutions and supplies nothing beautiful accommodations and are built a company with a business
to illegitimate regimes. We hear provided with the latest vehicles today that operates over 95 percent
this at trade shows, even from and other fancy gear - and here outside of South Africa and 70
the European industry, that ITAR, come the Africans, sleeping under percent outside of Africa. Only quite
UN- or OSCE-rules are for sure they sky and going into combat in recently, through acquisition of
hampering business. Regarding unprotected vehicles and no UAVs companies like ATE, who had been
Africa, it is my impression that for securing ahead of them! Why is an delivering to the SANDF, do we now
example the U.S.-administration is African live worth one dollar less have a customer relationship with
not really blocking African nations than a French, Belgian or German the South African Defence Force. So
in desperate need, but it is also one? This is a huge issue for me. of course we are now throwing our
not unblocking the obstacles that A big part of what Paramount has hat into the ring also for open and
its state apparatus is creating, done over the years is to make transparent business within South
such as for Nigeria in their life- the latest and highest level of Africa.
and-death struggle with Boko protection available to African
Haram. At the recent U.S.-Africa troops in an affordable way. We
Summit in Washington, I made it
very clear that the world needs to
achieved that. Weve got hundreds
of our products in service around
For Africa to
come to terms with the fact that if
they want Africa to be stable and
peacekeeping missions in Africa
and beyond. But we have to be
be stable and
secure, they have to allow African
governments to create world class
realistic as well because Africa will
never be a defence market like the
secure, they have
defence capabilities. Middle East or the U.S. That said,
there is an understanding in Africa
to allow African
DIB: This was that controversial
headline you made recently Give
that we cant look further to the
West for our solutions, we should
governments
war a chance!? look for them from within. to create world
II: Well, how can the U.S. or the
EU, as a responsible partner to
DIB: That is a really striking point.
A question then: is a part of your
class defence
these African frontline-nations
in the war on terror, not allow
business delivering to the South
African Defence Forces?
capabilities
them to be properly equipped to
engage in this fight, let alone win? JC: A part of it today is, yes. Even in
Further to that, as you asked about the days of fight against oppression
high-tech assets entering Africa, in South Africa, our chairman

33 :: Defence Industry Bulletin


Africa
DIB: And in Brazil, I assume since DIB: And then there are the naval II: I can tell you exactly why and I
there is now a lot of work taking platforms, also new territory for see it differently. This is the fault of
place between them and South Paramount the OEMs, the fault of the shipyard
African defence companies? that supplied the ship in the first
JC: Yes. In our pursuit to become place. And I tell you why: their
JC: Thats right. The Brazilian a fully fledged organization that business model is that the platform
market is very interesting as can speak to all armed services, we is supplied against the budget
theyve done a very good job in acquired a controlling interest in a and they then look to ongoing
growing aerospace business. In the company called Nautic Africa. They support to make their super
vehicle arena, we are already very were just about five years old, but profit. So it becomes increasingly
proud that they have selected our they built a very nice business in unaffordable for these countries
Maverick internal-security vehicle. their field within this short time, to operate this equipment. What
We delivered a fleet of those mainly in commercial type vessels Paramount does is quite different.
just before the World Cup in Rio. for the oil and gas sector. This was When we sell a piece of equipment
Generally we can learn a lot from crossing over with our interest in to a government, part of the initial
them as I think we have similar supporting the offshore-industrys purchase price is at least five years
visions. And lets not forget, we are installations. Often it is the case of support. In addition to that is
the S closing the BRICS-countries that the oil companies are funding the training and the establishment
acquisitions like OPVs, which the of capacity within the country to
navies then operate. The mission support that equipment. Thats
Those sad for Paramount in this sector is to
take that competence and apply
non-negotiable. If they say we dont
need that, we will not do the deal.
images of long it in a more focused manner,
adapted for naval applications.
You know, African governments
have lived hand-to-mouth thats
inoperable That is what we are doing around
fast craft and OPVs in Cape Town
how they survived. That is neither
a good or bad thing, thats reality.
platforms with the Paramount Naval-Systems
brand, while Nautic continues to
As a manufacturer, you have to be
responsible in your engagement

mouldering undertake its civilian business.


We are now even constructing our
and you have to build the
safeguards in from the beginning.

under an own shipbuilding-capacity down


there, as it looks like we have more
In Paramounts eyes and in my
eyes, your name and reputation is
business than we can handle! your most important asset. When
African sun is you sell a system to a government,
DIB: West African naval you are getting into a 25 year
the fault of the commanders told me last year in relationship, so you have to make
Morocco [AFSEC Summit], that one sure its going to work. I say this
initial OEM persistent problem they face is again with absolute conviction:
that newly-acquired equipment, those sad images of long inoperable
like OPVs or helicopters, end up platforms mouldering under an
and they are leading with their crippled, broken or out-of-service African sun is the fault of the
B, so thats an environment quite after some three to five years. initial OEM. Those people look at
appropriate for us. We will of course The Nigerian SEPECAT Jaguars, Africa with only one mission and
share programmes multilaterally in for example, have flown just 100 that is to make as much profit as
India or China as well. It is a dream hours and then gathered dust on they possibly can. We are sick and
at present and there is a need to flat tyres for two decades. What is tired of this colonial mentality of
find the programmes of turning the factor making this happen? Is plundering a continent. We dont
that into reality. In general, Brazil it simply that fresh money has to want that in Africa anymore.
and the whole of Latin America is first be allocated schools, railways,
an absolute focus area, exhibiting doctors, and so on?
a lot of parallels to where we come
from.

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 34


Africa

Advanced Technologies & Engineering (ATE) developed and sold the SuperHind upgrade of the Russian Mil Mi-24 helicopter.
Image: Georg Mader

* The Super-HINDs
Modernisation of this warrior popular throughout Africa was launched in South Africa in 1996, directed
at export customers as SANDF does not operate the Mi-24. It was conducted by (former) Advanced
Technology & Engineering (ATE). To make the venerated combat helicopter more modern and accessible
to western pilots, it included upgraded navigation with INS/GPS, plus a digital map display, glass
cockpit with day/night head-up-displays (HUD) and a new fire-control system. The last was mounted
in a lengthened nose in the form of the KentronN Argos-550 EO-turret, carrying a dual-mode FLIR
and a long-range TV camera. The crews received the Archer helmet-mounted display and cueing
system. Apart for the dual-feed Vector 20x139 mm cannon, the original (Russian) weapon-system was
either retained or replaced by indigenous South African munitions such as the Denel-Dynamics ZT35
Ingwe or ZT6 Mokopa ATGMs. Self-protection is provided in Avitronics Helicopter Self-Protection
System (HSPS), which integrates a RWR, missile- and laser-warners and chaff/flare dispensers. In 2000,
Algeria decided to modernise between 28 and 40 Mi-24Vs as the newest part of its large Mi-24 fleet
to a level called Super-Hind Mk. III, with a contract awarded to ATE two years later. The subsequent
Super-Hind Mk. IV has been upgraded with Pall-vortex engine-air particle-separator systems over the
engine intakes and later with an EO-turret. Weight of the helicopter was reduced by around two tons
to increase manoeuvring capacities and combat readiness. Azerbaijans Mi-24G (G stands for Gec or
Night) is effectively a Super-Hind Mk. IV but with a slightly less sophisticated cockpit, with Thales-
displays and standard intake filters. It was arranged by ATE and Ukraines Aviakon company at the
latters aircraft repair plant in Konotop. 10-15 Azeri Mi-24s were brought into full compliance with
NATO standards (under the SOVA-designation for a Bulgarian programme in 2005) with their most
notable feature being the introduction of laser-beam riding Baryer V ATGM by Ukraines Luch DB. All
of these capabilities combined by (fmr.) ATE has made a much more agile (and a lot less jittery) Hind.
Meanwhile ATEs Super Hind is both considered and marketed as a platform fit for any first-rate world
military. With Paramount Aerospace there are currently three prototypes/demonstrators, a Mi-24D, a V
and a Mi-25.

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 35


Africa
African Defence: The Outlook Richard de Silva

A frica has been on


something of a spending
spree in the past few years,
company a global player and
generating international interest in
state-of-the-art artillery produced
also providing military equipment
and at varying levels of restrictions
and volume depending on political
upping their stake in the global locally. sensitivities. Russia has long been
defence market while addressing Two years later, Denel acquired an important supplier to a range
urgent security challenges at Land Systems South Africa (LSSA) of African states and Ukraine has
home. For most states, reinforcing from BAE Systems for $79.85 found business in providing second
the reputation of a secure and million, affording the opportunity hand equipment.
civilised environment is the to grow the division to produce
first step in encouraging foreign more vehicle capacity and further
investment and commerce. Ahead
of the Armoured Vehicles Africa
target the international market,
particularly in Africa and the
China is now
conference (August, Botswana),
Defence IQ spoke to some of the
Middle East.
I believe consolidation like this the third biggest
leading journalists and analysts
active in African defence to get
is good for the local industry, says
Guy Martin, editor of defenceWeb, global arms
the online African defence and
a rounded perspective on the
progress, challenges, plans and security news publication. Before, exporter and
there were too many players in
predictions seen across the
continent. the South Africa market following within Africa,
the withdrawal of coalition forces
Significant developments
from Iraq and Afghanistan and the Sudan is one of
subsequent reduction in demand
for MRAP-type vehicles. its main clients
H elmoed Heitman, a South
Africa-based defence journalist,
author and historian, notes:
Beyond South Africa, there
has also been a new focus for
vehicle production in Nigeria and,
For South Africa, the loss of the to a lesser extent, in other African Budget and conflict
MRAP and MDV market has been
significant. There have however
countries, Heitman adds. Uganda, forecasting
for instance, has been moving
been positives, including the
A
from simple acquisition to local frican defence budgets have
success of the South African land assembly and beyond. been on the rise in North, East
systems business in other areas Heitman also highlights the and West Africa owing largely to
particularly in the stabilisation of dumping of Chinese equipment the deteriorating security situation
state-owned defence conglomerate in Africa. Indeed China is now the brought about by civil and political
Denel. third biggest global arms exporter insecurity and terrorism. This
In 2012, Malaysia signed a $416 and within Africa, Sudan is one of includes the rise of Islamic State,
million contract for Denel turrets its main clients. Tanzania, Morocco Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb
and weapons to be integrated into and Algeria have also become (AQUIM) and other terrorist
its own FNSS/Deftech AV-8 8x8 customers in the past five years organisations in North Africa, al
armoured vehicles, manufactured as has Namibia and Cameroon in Shabaab in Somalia and Kenya,
by Deftech of Malaysia. The smaller number all purchasing and Boko Haram in Nigeria, Niger,
contract included 69 two-man relatively low-end technology. The Cameroon and Chad.
turrets fitted with a South African Sudanese business in particular has It deserves close attention,
GI30 30mm main gun and 54 anti- been met with some controversy, says Martin, as IS and other
tank turrets equipped with the GI30 given Chinas dual role as arms radical terrorist organisations
30mm gun and the Denel Dynamics supplier and peace broker. are expanding their grip on the
Ingwe anti-tank missile system, Sudan has also been complicit in region, from Yemen to Libya.
along with 216 laser-guided Ingwe transferring equipment to Darfur Destabilisation in North Africa is
missiles and 54 remote-control in breach of a UN embargo, further affecting surrounding countries
weapons systems. Riaz Saloojee, highlighting the complexities of in terms of migrants, the flow of
the CEO of Denel Group, described foreign arms sales in the continent. weapons, training camps, and a
the contract as having made the Other countries are of course

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 36


Africa
number of other issues. In addition, defence institutions and the response to the rising insecurity
piracy in the Gulf of Guinea is a military and security sector reforms there, adds Heitman. Thats
defence budget driver, and the needed to establish rule of law and the entire Sahel region, with a
aftermath of the Arab Spring enhance citizen security in Nigeria particular eye on the southward
continues to see poor security can occur through political will spread of conflict into central Africa
situations across North Africa. and strategic leadership and is not such as in the CAR where there
All that said, with the recent fall dependent upon increased defence is growing cooperation among
in oil prices, many defence budgets resources. guerrilla, terrorist and criminal
have dropped, notably from oil The situation in the Lake Chad groups; sharing of local knowledge
and gas producers like Algeria Basin, in light of these political and contacts, experience and
and Angola the latter cut tens changes, remains at risk of renewed expertise. All of that is not just
of billions off its national budget violence unless President Buhari being caused by rebel and terrorist
while Algeria has eased its defence and the northern governors are able groups, but also by the growing
spending. to address many of the underlying presence of the international drug
Colonel (Rtd) Daniel L. Hampton, challenges that have so far fostered cartels.
associate dean of the Africa Center conditions for Boko Haram to Indeed the transatlantic drug
at Washington D.C.s National gain and maintain support in trade has been flourishing in
Defense University, also believes the country. Nevertheless, core recent years, with contraband
the oil issue will have major ideologues may then simply being smuggled from Latin
consequences. It would not be move to more fertile ground. That America to West Africa thanks
surprising to see defence spending scenario could place a neighbouring to its reputation as an easier
in places like Angola and Chad country like Cameroon under gateway into the European, Asian
taper off due to these decreasing oil further pressure, where conditions and Middle Eastern drug markets.
revenues. Sudan and South Sudan for an emerging threat an ageing The trade has become so prevalent
would also seem likely candidates leader and the chance of political that it has, in some states, been
to see defence spending impacted instability could prove ripe for threatening government control
by decreasing oil prices, but the extremism. Such an occurrence over cities and utilities. Naturally,
current instability and tenuous would of course demand a as with maritime piracy and animal
border security environment regional or international response poaching, the drug trade has its
may well counter this causal depending on the severity of the roots in organised crime, which in
relationship. violence. turn is now a key source of funding
Nigeria has in many ways been It is reasonable then to expect for militant groups.
at the forefront of the African budgets in the Sahel to rise in
defence market, both in terms
of having domestic military
requirements and of launching its
own manufacturing plants (such
as Proforce Ltd). Hampton believes
Nigeria may also see a defence
spending decrease on the basis of
oil prices, as well as from a possible
shift in spending priorities for the
new Buhari government.
There will be high expectations
for the new government to show
immediate improvement in
service delivery and infrastructure
improvement, he says. It will
be difficult to increase defence
spending in this type environment.
Additionally, it is not a lack
of defence spending that has
contributed to the violence and
insecurity associated with Boko
Haram. The strengthening of
Nyala APC based on the Mamba. Image: SFC David D Isakson

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 37


Africa

Ratel IFVs of the Cape Town Highlanders Regiment during a mechanized training exercise
Image: wikimedia

What it means for Hampton agrees with this shift to a ground vehicle acquisition
prediction, and while the strategy focused on the mobility of
armoured vehicles acquisition of heavy armoured troops and supplies. The defence
vehicles and self-propelled artillery economics of peacekeeping almost
W ith few exceptions namely,
the Ethiopian-Eritrean border
and the Sudan-South Sudan border
is rare for African states, he expects
requirements for them will be even
demands that Troop Contributing
Countries attain and maintain
further diminished. APCs and trucks as the priority
the continued involvement of
Instead, more armoured ground vehicle systems in their
these insurgent groups, non-state
vehicles with large calibre guns inventory if they are to maximize
actors and criminal elements
and area fire weapons will be the potential financial return of
will not only influence the threat
reconfigured with machine guns participation in UN missions.
profile but also the market for land
and precision weaponry, he says, Hampton projects a resulting
systems. The adversary operates
explaining that this will be driven defence industry trend for the
chiefly amongst the populace and
in part by the strategic importance continued growth and emergence
within built-up, urban areas. As
of reducing collateral damage and of small manufacturers that refit
such, the African armoured vehicles
civilian casualties. and refurbish the more common
market is under particularly close
The result is a trend towards ground vehicles systems currently
watch.
armoured vehicles and IED extant and prolific on the continent.
Heitman believes that
resistant personnel carriers Martin also anticipates
acquisition decisions, in many
that can provide mobility and continued demand for armoured
cases, are erratic but that generally
protection for security forces. The personnel carriers and MRAPs, due
speaking, I would expect to see
ground vehicle will be a platform to the fact that they have already
an increase in protected patrol
for quick reaction, targeted- been proven within the region
vehicles that will survive an
engagement, ISR, over-watch and as being extremely useful for
ambush, in light armoured vehicles
medical evacuation more so than peacekeeping, counterinsurgency,
that can overmatch the typical
ensuring overwhelming combat civil security and riot control
technical and in mine-protected,
power. Additionally, the continued situations. Nigeria is notably
MRAP and mine-detection vehicles
growth in African contributions increasing its armoured vehicle
in response to the expansion of the
to multinational peace operations numbers, as is Egypt and Algeria, so
IED threat.
and crisis response will drive this their utility is clearly valued.

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 38


Africa
Predicted priorities for and partnerships, especially as air-transportable vehicles will
many countries wish to build continue to be in demand while
Africa up their own defence industries. African states will inevitably look at
Denel has partnered with the UAE smarter ways of doing business.
A ccording to our experts, African
states will continue to come
to the realisation that they need
(Tawazun Dynamics) and Brazil
(on the A-Darter), for instance.
Denel and Paramount and other
South African companies will seek
DCD Protected Mobility is building to expand their market in Africa,
increased strategic capability. At the
armoured vehicles in Nigeria. So predicts Heitman. Other African
same time, there is a heightened
I anticipate bilateral partners and countries will begin to insist on
belief among African governments
joint ventures to become more offsets in technical and defence
that they can take a more proactive
common as nations look to share fields, and on growing levels of local
and sustainable approach to their
development costs, deliver new assembly and even moving into
involvement in the defence market.
projects and gain access to new manufacture. Meanwhile, African
Now that global industry is looking
markets. I expect the most critical armies are building operational
to Africa as a major source of
armoured vehicle capability for experience, and Africas people
income, regional states are rightly
African forces in the next few are increasingly impatient with
looking at leveraging their own
years will be mobility. Militaries incompetence, corruption and
benefits from the demand.
are buying fewer heavy armoured nepotism in government. Together
More and more customers are
vehicles and are increasingly going those trends will see acquisitions
insisting on local manufacturing,
for lighter, more manoeuvrable being more professionally handled,
offsets and long-term support
vehicles which are easier to operate with less room for poor quality
for defence equipment, Martin
and sometimes cheaper than their equipment, for contracts that
explains. Manufacturers are
larger stablemates. do not include support, and for
responding by becoming more
Meanwhile, Hampton notes that irregular contracting.
involved with their customers.
conflict and violence in Africa are
This also extends to joint ventures
becoming increasingly difficult to
define and categorise.

The blurring of State-on-state conflicts are rare,


civil wars that pit two or more
organised armed factions against
lines between each other or against government
security forces, he says. They are
armed rebellion a twentieth century legacy. Despite
frequent references to insurgencies
and criminal and insurgent forces, the blurring
of lines between armed rebellion
enterprise calls and criminal enterprise calls into
question the relevancy and efficacy
into question of traditional counter-insurgency
(COIN) doctrine. In other words,
the relevancy effective COIN strategies in Africa
must cross-cut the entire security
and efficacy of sector, identifying, balancing and
prioritising the roles of the police,
traditional COIN judicial, military and intelligence
services.

doctrine Heitman reasserts the belief


that protected patrol vehicles,
armoured cars and possibly some

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 39


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Defence Industry Bulletin :: 40
The Briefing Room
Local production or assembly is now part of almost all customers re-
quirements...
General Dynamics European Land
Systems-Steyr, based in Vienna, is
the companys eastern-most plant on
the continent. With more than 2,000
highly skilled technical employees,
GDELS designs, manufactures
and delivers land combat systems
worldwide. Of course, times are
tough in Europe when it comes
to this business and the localised
market is even less predictable.
Georg Mader speaks with Steyr CEOs
Martin Reischer and Thomas Strasser
Martin Reischer and Thomas Strasser of GDELS-Steyr. to find out whether there is a future
Image: Georg Mader
in Austria

DIB: Gentlemen, in Austria, there DIB: Just no more manufacturing of DIB: Just no more manufacturing of
has been a great deal of public new parts at this time... new parts at this time...
displeasure expressed over the
apparent end of tank production GDELS-STEYR: Well, whats GDELS-STEYR: Yes, a Czech
in Vienna, under which the plans important for us and we believe company but having acquired
are to sell off the knowledge and for the capacity for Pandur to the Slovakian subsidiary MSM in
skills to the Czechs and Portuguese continue development in the future Martn. EA has modernized the
and for Austria to possibly cancel is in partnering with Excalibur old BMP/BVP into the new Jakal-
its plans to acquire its own 8x8 Army (EA) in the Czech Republic. model and has a contract for a
Pandurs. So what actually is the This comes with some history prototype and three vehicles in
state of the GDELS Vienna plant as weve already seen the Czech Slovakia but their replacement
and the Steyr-Spezialfahrzeuge Pandur manufactured in the Czech remains undecided. This then
(SSF) subsidiary? Republic. The first 17 vehicles were brings up the question of whether
made in Vienna but the remaining also a BMP base revaluation ought
GDELS-STEYR: Firstly, the Pandur 90 were made at what is now EAs to be made in the Czech Republic
was declined due to the general facility at Sternberk. All of them or whether a total replacement
lack of orders in recent years, not have been delivered and are in (with a new vehicle) is required.
only with us, but across the wider service. And they like them. We still The final decision has yet been
defense industry. In the wake of the undertake business on them in the made but modernization has now
changed security situation, budgets aftermarket. But as you know, local been almost completely excluded.
are beginning to open up again production or assembly meanwhile In this environment, weve been
but, as we all know, thats still not is now part of almost all customers looking for synergies in the market
the case in Austria. The Vienna site requirements. An example of and have simply been drawn to
was actually cut back before the expected further involvement for EA. There have been intensive
downturn. It is now running as us is in the overdue replacement negotiations under which we have
we call it overhaul programmes, of the Czech BMPs, due for around both explored our future prospects
such as payload upgrades, engine 2017/18. That is why we brought as well as found avenues for the
and transmission exchanges, the ASCOD here to IDET. For this Pandur market.
and stronger air-conditioning, project, domestic EA has a good
on vehicles like the Pandur I for footprint thanks to the success of
Belgian forces and U.S. Special the Czech Pandur II.
Forces.

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 41


The Briefing Room
DIB: So those contracted Kuwait. Not only do these places
partnership involves the transfer see it a benefit to have Austria
of knowledge and work from as the country of origin, but the
Simmering (in Viennas 11th quality products from German-
district) to the Czech Republic? speaking countries holds much
weight.That has to do with word
GDELS-STEYR: Its in the by the of mouth and is one of the reasons
way, time-limited partnership to many of these countries are willing
essentially transfer the so-called to pay a higher price.
production data packets; the data
for selected Czech and Portuguese DIB: One problem is that there is
versions of the Pandur II for specific no foreseeable domestic market at
markets that we think EA has this time
better access to than we have in
Vienna. GDELS-STEYR: Yes, thats a major
drawback for us compared to other
DIB: Because it is a manufacturer sites, no question. But we always
based in a NATO country? try to maintain and revitalise our
relationship with the armed forces Czech Republic Defence Minister Martin
GDELS-STEYR: Not quite. Its in little ways, such as in installing Stropnicky
Image: Georg Mader
because the Czech products have the current air conditioning
already been introduced to many systems for the domestic Pandur.
GDELS-STEYR: Absolutely. For
countries, so they have a long and We are just waiting on whether
example there are yet no 8x8
well-established brand. We have there will be any call for new
vehicles in Austria. If there is to
thus gained a strategic partner procurement.
be such a contract, what better
for selected areas and weve take
place to run the production than
advantage of this partnership DIB: Is the GDELS site a relatively
in Austria in Vienna? Then the
to further sales opportunities. free-roaming subsidiary or is it
country could preserve the long
Close cooperation with the Czech kept on a rather short rope?
term core technology and retain
industry and the greatest possible
jobs in Simmering.
promotion of local content are GDELS-STEYR: More on a short
needed for our work in the Czech rope, but thats not just specific
DIB: How do the current locations
Republic, and we see this one of our to Vienna its the same for
in Vienna work, because it was
strengths. The Pandur programme all locations. Again, the main
rumored the workforce would quit
demonstrates this well. difference falls on the domestic
and some saying (exaggeratedly)
market. We have locations in
that only the heater and the
DIB: So its a myth that Vienna is Austria, Switzerland, Germany and
security guard would be left...
dead and nothing happens there? Spain. For example, Switzerland
even with its neutral status has an
GDELS-STEYR: (laughs): No, it
GDELS-STEYR: Its not true. immense market, but domestically
is not so bad. There was a lot of
Cooperation with EA relates to it exists in a completely different
misinformation back then.Once
certain markets and does not dimension.The German plant at
there were indeed more than
mean that we would necessarily Kaiserslautern does a lot of mobile
300 positions, but politicians
succeed elsewhere with the Pandur. bridges, but also has the 4x4 Eagle
everywhere even in Arab
The effort will also depend on the a Swiss MOWAG design, by the
countries consider a procurement
overall strategic aspects of GD. way in local production for the
decision to come hand-in-hand
Weve had the complete production Bundeswehr. And while Spain has
with the ability to let them point
based in Vienna up until May certainly suffered a dent because of
to jobs being established at home.
2014 and there are still regions the financial crisis, our site there is
In that sense Portugal was nothing
or customers who insist on us secure because the indicators show
revolutionary. We delivered
manufacturing material in Austria. that spending and prospects will
production data packages only for
pick up again to a different level
this specific contract. No right to re-
DIB: That is to say, there are than in Austria
market. That only includes Czech
countries where the Austrian
EA, since it has historic access
brand has status? DIB: An Austrian commission
to markets we dont have and it
would then give a guarantee for
therefore increases our market
GDELS-STEYR: Absolutely. For Vienna...
presence and our chances
instance, in Arab countries, such as

Defence Industry Bulletin :: 42


The Briefing Room
of selling abroad. Due to all of these where the Czech army has a role
developments, 150 employees are and reception of Pandur has been DIB: So you could have an
now in Vienna on the production very good. However, they see a exchange between existing users.
side, primarily engaged with constant change to the General Pandur can then be considered a
overhauls, smaller modernisations Staff and to the government. universal vehicle?
and spare-parts. On the engineering
side in other words, about 40 DIB: So what are you aiming for in GDELS-STEYR: Thats the plan.
percent of the staff they are now Slovakia? One that organises itself and is not
very much integrated into the controlled by us. Every year, one of
ASCOD programme developed GDELS-STEYR: Well, the Slovaks the relevant countries will host the
for the British Army. GD UK is the have largely outdated material. forum in a kind of guest role. It is
actual contractor, but the core Looking at where the Czechs were divided between the 6x6 and 8x8
competence comes from our hub 10 years ago, they were almost users, albeit without the Americans
where we worked on the basic completely subsistent on Soviet (Special Forces) or the the Kuwaitis,
development, in close cooperation T-72s and BMPs. Apart from that who now operate 150 vehicles. So,
with Spain. Subsequently our there was until Pandur just in principle, its a European user
efforts are therefore not to avoid a a few Land Rovers and a couple group involving Slovenia, the Czech
claimed further deterioration of of IVECO vehicles. Since then, Republic (with its 8x8), Belgium and
the situation in Vienna than to view almost nothing has changed. Portugal, the latter being the largest
the situation as an opportunity for Meanwhile there were suggestions operator with 188 units. In Austria,
maximisation for this site... that Czech equipment should be every few years, these Pandur
lent or leased to Slovakia, but in users exchange experiences, as
DIB: Like the (later reduced) Czech the light of the Czech order being well as concerns and desired
Pandur that was actually a reduced from 199 to 107 vehicles, improvements, all of which is not
success story? this came to nothing. But of course, insignificant. We then sit down with
some logistical pooling would be each client and as a result of these
GDELS-STEYR: It was, and it had clever, even if Slovakia would have discussions we approach options
a great deal of involvement from smaller numbers. They would for upgrades or overhauls, as are
local firms and suppliers. If you then not need to be advertised currently ongoing in Simmering.
look across the market, youll with a logistics package but could Expanding the customer-base is not
find many companies that have undertake the 200km drive to the easy, so the idea is that we provide
worked with us on that project. Czech Republic. It would be very the existing user with excellent
We have underlined the fact that interesting for us to integrate support in order that they become
we can integrate the local industry Slovakia into the portfolio, because effectively an inter-military PR
very well.We want the ASCOD to we could then really speak of being agent.
be demonstrated also in Slovakia a neighborhood of operations

Users of the Pandur meet in Austria to discuss improvements and share development options.
Image: Georg Mader
Defence Industry Bulletin :: 43
More Information

Editors: Richard de Silva


Andrew Elwell
Editorial contact: haveyoursay@defenceiq.com
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Victor M. S. Barreira
Angus Batey
Joseph Carpenter
Georg Mader
Eugenio Po
Iigo Guevara
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Defence Industry Bulletin :: 44