Sei sulla pagina 1di 22

Suhas Dixit, CMD,

Pyrocrat Systems LLP


Agenda

1
Introducing municipal waste
collection using smart
techniques

2 Applying the 3 R Methodology


for zero waste.

3
Considering smart
techniques to turn waste
into resource

Solutions for smart solid waste management 2


Definition of Waste

Wastes are unwanted or unusable materials. Waste is


any substance which is discarded after primary use, or it
is worthless, defective and of no use.

Solutions for smart solid waste management 3


Hyderabad Survey Speaks

The survey commissioned by GHMC -


Hyderabad city generates 3,800 metric
tonnes of municipal solid waste per day.

Solutions for smart solid waste management 4


Conventional Collection Criteria

< 50%
filled

Note: Garbage
collection van stops at
all garbage bin
location, irrespective of
volume of garbage.

Solutions for smart solid waste management 5


Proposal for smart waste collection

Placing the sensor based static


Waste collection garbage bins.
(inbuilt crusher)
Geo-tagging of the bins.
Create an app with Google
Maps as a background layer.
Import all the geo-tagged
points into our application.

Solutions for smart solid waste management 6


Proposed Structure of Smart Garbage Bin

Level
Indicator
Sensor
Unit Crush
unit

After 3 successful
crushes sensor will
Storage
start emitting the
Unit signal to GIS server

Solutions for smart solid waste management 7


The old versus new

Replace existing dustbins with new Wi-Fi enabled


sensor based garbage bins.

Solutions for smart solid waste management 8


Smart Garbage Bin - Pros

Easy Collection Decision Support

Minimal time Ad Support

Optimizes Clean Environs


resources

Solutions for smart solid waste management 9


Smart Reporting
Status report
of garbage
bins

Avg. time spent by each garbage vehicle


per week.
Avg. route covered each garbage
vehicle per week.
Avg. volume of garbage collection per
week.
Digital asset maintenance
Optimum utilization of resources
Analysis and predictions on urban
agglomeration

Some examples of smart dashboard


metrics

Solutions for smart solid waste management 10


Snapshot of a Smart Dashboard

Solutions for smart solid waste management 11


Advanced Driver Assistance System

Bin sends a message to nearest collection vehicle


Solutions for smart solid waste management 12
Garbage bins - Today

Solutions for smart solid waste management 13


Garbage bins - Tomorrow

Text LED
Display

LED Display

Solutions for smart solid waste management 14


Technology behind the smart bin

Internet of things (IoT) is a new generation technology


which allows integration of small device/gadgets with
web based system.
Mechanism :- The device send signals through sensors
using constraint application protocol (CoAP), message
Queue Telemetry Transport (MQTT), GSM Module etc.
And interact with the web based system using the HTTP
protocol.

Solutions for smart solid waste management 15


Initial household collection

Say No to mixed waste


Say yes to 3 Separate bins

Plastic waste Food waste Other waste

Solutions for smart solid waste management 16


3 Rs Methodology

REDUCE
Examples: Use less.. Buy less.. Avoid waste.. Turn off lights.. Take
shorter showers.. Carpool!
REUSE
Examples: Use things more than once.. Use cloth shopping bags..
Repair.. Try travel mugs.. Compost!
RECYCLE
Separate waste materials so that the recyclable product can be
transformed into something new!

Still, if you have the waste..

Solutions for smart solid waste management 17


Give New life for the Waste

Municipal
Waste

Reduce
Reuse

Recycle

Use less Waste

Solutions for smart solid waste management 18


Power plant

A waste-to-energy plant combusts wastes


to produce electricity. This type of power
plant is sometimes called a trash-to-
energy, municipal waste incineration,
energy recovery, or resource recovery
plant.
The typical range of net electrical energy
that can be produced is about 500 to 600
kWh of per ton of waste incinerated. Thus,
the incineration of about 2,200 tons per
day of waste will produce about 50 MW of
electrical power.

Solutions for smart solid waste management 19


Plastic Roads

The following types of waste plastic can be used in the


construction of rural roads:
Films ( Carry Bags, Cups) thickness up to 60micron (PE,
PP and PS)
Hard foams (PS) any thickness
Soft Foams (PE and PP) any thickness.
Laminated Plastics thickness up to 60 micron
(Aluminum coated also) packing materials used for
biscuits, chocolates, etc.,
Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) sheets or Flux sheets should
not be used in any case.
Solutions for smart solid waste management 20
BIO GAS

Using bio-methanisation technology all domestic bio


waste including wastewater can be treated hygienically
and biogas, a very good cooking fuel is produced. This
helps to prevent the tendency to throw the waste
materials in roads and public places. Generation of
cooking gas at house hold level helps to overcome fuel
crisis to a great extent

Solutions for smart solid waste management 21


Thank you

Solutions for smart solid waste management 22