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GESTIN DE FORMACIN

PROCEDIMIENTO DESARROLLO CURRICULAR


SEMANA II

Quantifiers
What are quantifiers?

A quantifier is a word or phrase which is used before a noun to indicate the amount or quantity:
'Some', 'many', 'a lot of' and 'a few' are examples of quantifiers.

Quantifiers can be used with both countable and uncountable nouns.

Examples:

There are some books on the desk


He's got only a few dollars.
How much money have you got?
There is a large quantity of fish in this river.
He's got more friends than his sister.

Examples of quantifiers

With Uncountable Nouns

much
a little/little/very little *
a bit (of)
a great deal of
a large amount of
a large quantity of

With Both

all
enough
more/most
less/least
no/none
not any
some
any
a lot of
lots of
plenty of

GFPI-F-019 V3
GESTIN DE FORMACIN
PROCEDIMIENTO DESARROLLO CURRICULAR
SEMANA II

With Countable Nouns

many
a few/few/very few **
a number (of)
several
a large number of
a great number of
a majority of

* NOTE

few, very few mean that there is not enough of something.


a few means that there is not a lot of something, but there is enough.

** NOTE

little, very little mean that there is not enough of something.


a little means that there is not a lot of something, but there is enough.

How much / How many

1. Se utilizan para preguntar por cantidades de algo.


2. Si se trata de sustantivos contables, se aplica How many.
Si se trata de sustantivos incontables, se usa How much.
3. Estas expresiones siempre van seguidas de un sustantivo; luego, el verbo y el resto de la
oracin.
4. How many cars do you have?
Cuntos autos tienes?

How much money do you have?


Cunto dinero tienes?
5. How much se utiliza tambin para preguntar precios.
6. How much is this car?
Cunto cuesta este auto?

How much are the potatoes?


Cunto cuestan las papas?
7. Tambin se usan en forma genrica para preguntar "cunto hay". En este caso, van
seguidas del sustantivo y luego, is / are there.
8. How many cars are there?
Cuntos autos hay?

How much money is there?


Cunto dinero hay?
GESTIN DE FORMACIN
PROCEDIMIENTO DESARROLLO CURRICULAR
SEMANA II

9. A estas preguntas se responde usando There is / are, dependiendo de si se trata de


singular o plural, como ya hemos visto en lecciones anteriores.

10.
There are four cars.
Hay cuatro autos.

There is one dollar.


Hay un dlar.
11. Para hacer referencia a los sustantivos incontables, se pueden utilizar los envases o las
medidas de los envases que los contienen, los cuales s son contables...

12.
How much milk is there?
Cunta leche hay?

There are three litres.


Hay tres litros.

How much wine is there?


Cunto vino hay?

There are two bottles.


Hay dos botellas.

Some / Any

Para referirse a sustantivos incontables directamente, se usan las palabras some y any.

Como norma general, some se aplica en las oraciones afirmativas, mientras que any se usa en
las oraciones interrogativas y negativas.

Is there any sugar?


Hay azcar?
GESTIN DE FORMACIN
PROCEDIMIENTO DESARROLLO CURRICULAR
SEMANA II

Yes, there is some sugar.


S, hay algo de azcar.

No, there isn't any sugar.


No, no hay nada de azcar.

EXCEPCION: Se usa some en preguntas cuando se est ofreciendo o pidiendo alguna cosa:

Would you like some sugar in your tea?


Desearas azcar en tu t?

Could I have some water, please?


Podra traerme agua, por favor?

Estas palabras tambin pueden usarse con sustantivos contables...

Is there any pencil?


Hay algn lpiz?

Yes, there are some pencils.


S, hay algunos lpices.

No, there isn't any pencil.


No, no hay ningn lpiz.
GESTIN DE FORMACIN
PROCEDIMIENTO DESARROLLO CURRICULAR
SEMANA II

Is there any cup here?


Hay alguna taza aqu?

Yes, there are some cups.


S, hay algunas tazas.

No, there isn't any cup.


No, no hay ninguna taza.