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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

Visual Text Comprehension: Essential Vocabulary


Visual Text Comprehension makes up 8 marks in Booklet A of Paper 2. It is absolutely
possible to secure the 8 marks in this section. It is vital to know the vocabulary commonly
used in the visual text and in the questions posed.
Here is my essential list of 12 words for this section!

1. annual ~ Once a year 2. Biannual ~ Twice a year 3. Biennial ~ Once every two years

4. alternative/ alternatively ~ Another choice or option e.g. You can call the hotline for more
information. Alternatively (As another choice), you can visit the website below.

5. compulsory ~ A must 6. Mandatory ~ A must 7. Inaugural ~ The first or first of


many planned events

E.g. The Guest-of-honour, Mrs Fernandez, will light the torch for the opening ceremony of
the inaugural event. (First time the event is taking place)
8. organiser ~ the person or group who plans and arrange the event

9. sponsor ~ the person or group who supports by giving money or other help (e.g. prizes)

10. purpose ~ (of an event or of the poster) Why the event is held or why the poster is put up

CHIJ 2014 SA1 P5 Visual Text Stimulus


Note that there is a difference between:
the purpose of organising an event (Why is the event held?)
e.g. to foster in pupils a love for the English language through the Scrabble competition
the purpose of a poster/ advertisement. (Why is the poster put up?)
e.g. to encourage schools to take part in the Scrabble competition.
Read the question carefully!
11. aim/ objective (of an event) ~ What the event hopes to achieve

e.g. for people to know more about how to prevent the breeding of Aedes Mosquitoes
12. fact or opinion

CHIJ 2014 SA1 P5 Visual Text Stimulus


Answer: 2 (This is a belief that the competition may be a platform to develop all students' love of English. However, it may not be so.)
Fact: something that is known to be a truth and to exist. Supported by evidence.

e.g. The Art Activity will be an hour long. (Fact - The activity is held from 1 p.m. to 2 p.m.)

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

Opinion: based on thoughts and beliefs about something

e.g. All children will enjoy the Art activity and develop their skills in painting. - (Opinion -
A belief that the activity can do that but not all children may enjoy the activity or become
better at painting.)

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

3 Reasons Why You Should Plan your Story

I am sure you have been in this situation before: your teacher gives you a continuous
writing piece to complete. You read the question and look at the pictures. You decide on the
picture you want to use in your writing and pick up your pen. You start writing.
Stop! You are missing an important pre-writing step - planning your composition. I know
many students find planning a chore and given a choice, they prefer to start writing
straightaway. However, in this post, I will try to convince you why planning is important and
should be carried out before the actual writing.

1. Planning helps you to break the writing process down into manageable parts.
Writing is a complex process. You need to remember to write grammatically correct
sentences of varying lengths, use appropriate and vivid vocabulary while adhering to the
given topic. You also need to come up with a believable plot and interesting characters.
As you plan, you are going to break down your story into the different parts of the
plot so that each part is more manageable.
This allows you to better process and join each part together to form the entire story.
At the same time, a rough sketch of what your main characters will be like is likely to
emerge too.
Writing the story becomes easier and smoother because you have something you can refer
to.

2. It helps you to organise your ideas (and saves you time!).


Without planning, you might start writing based on the first idea that popped in your head.
This may not be the most interesting idea or you may even change your mind half-way
through when a more interesting idea hits you. I know of some students who end up re-
starting their composition even though they are mid-way because they are not happy
with the way the story is going. This wastes a lot of time; time they can better spend
checking or editing their work.
When you set time aside to plan, you are allowing yourself to brainstorm as many ideas
as possible associated with the topic, before choosing the best one. You may even
realise that some ideas can be combined to make the story more interesting.
Planning also allows you to think through what you want in each part of the story; for
instance, the kind of beginning you want to have, how to develop the problem and the most
suitable solution for the ending.
When you plan and stick to it, you will be able to write a coherent story. You will be able to
see how the different parts of the story come together to form a complete whole and there
is less chance of you forgetting an essential element, for example forgetting to have a
solution to the problem in the story.

3. It helps you to stay on topic.


Having a plan means that you have thought out the story thoroughly and how it is linked
to the question. When you follow the plan, you are less likely to go off tangent or to focus
on elements that are irrelevant to the story. There are some students I know who do not
plan their essays and then write out of point because they get carried away with their own
ideas. When you have a physical plan to refer to in front of you, there is less chance of
this happening.
I hope you believe me when I tell you that even the most brilliant writers plan their
work before they start writing their books. Planning helps you to see the overall picture
so that you know where you can add details to write an interesting story. A good plan helps
you to create characters that are life-like because they have reasons for their actions ,
instead of having events happening all of a sudden.

So next time, take time to plan. It will only take a few minutes but will definitely save you
time in the end. Remember If you fail to plan, you are planning to fail.

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

MINDMAP

What else would you add to this MINDMAP..

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11
Question

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
6
SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
7
SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

CLUES ACROSS

1. To change houses, go to a new house.


3. Use one to open locked doors.
6. Soft seat for two or three.
8. Type of fuel used in central heating.
9. Big wooden box.
10. Kitchen wash basin.
12. To erect a house.
14. House, or district, that is in very
bad condition. one.
16. Covering that keeps out the rain.
19. Container hidden in the word KITCHEN.
20. Use it, but usually them, to go up.
21. It's time to .... the washing up.
22. Small but important room in a British
house: in the USA it's called a restroom.
23. Hot and heavy, used on clothes.
26. Like doors, but outdoors.
Or America's richest man?.
27. Small shelter at the entrance to a house.
28. Part of a house where the attic is found.
29. At the start of 22.
CLUES DOWN

1. Small insect that eats clothes.


2. A .................. cleaner sucks up dust.
4. What one does in a dining room.
5. Decorate a house, but without wallpaper.
7. Ring it on arrival.
10. Place where stores are kept.
11. Housing zone or private park.
13. Pipes for waste water.
15. Plastic floor covering.
17. Another type of fuel used in central heating.
18. Where you live; it's more than just a house.
20. Urban road, usually with buildings.
24. Domestic animals, like Mickey or Jerry.
25. Water comes out of it; and In America,
it's called a "faucet".

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

SIX BASIC RULES of word stress

Word stress in English can seem to be a very complicated issue. Where do we put the accent on
multi-syllable words in English? English people don't often make mistakes, but they never learn
any rules! Obviously therefore there must be some fairly simple basic "rules" that apply .
Correctly place the tonic accent on multi-syllable words in English.

These rules do not cover all the aspects of word stress in English; but they do cover the
large majority of pluri-syllabic words in the language.
The problem:

Should you say: difficult or difficult or difficult? And why?


Here are the six essential rules that determine how words are stressed or accentuated in
English.
1. A word is normally stressed on the first syllable, unless there is a reason to put the stress
somewhere else.
2. The "reasons" are either suffixes (like -ity or -ion) or prefixes (like con-, dis-, ex- or in-).
Suffixes

3. The "-ion" rule: takes priority over all other rules.

If the suffix (ending) starts with the letters i or u this will affect the position of stress in a word.
[Exceptions: the endings -ist, -ism, -ize and -ing.]

Sample suffixes: -ion, -ual, -uous, -ial, -ient, -ious, -ior, -ic, -ity, etc.
The stress comes on the syllable before the suffix.
Examples: Atlantic, comic, sufficient, explanation, residual.
There are only a very few exceptions to this rule.

4. Other suffixes do not affect the stress of a word.


Sample suffixes: -al, -ous, -ly, -er, -ed, -ist, -ing, -ism, -ment etc.
Examples: Permanent, permanently, develop, development

Prefixes

Words beginning with: a- ab- be- con- com- de- dis- e- ex- in- im- per- pre- and re,and to which
rule 3 does not apply.

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

5. Prefixes in two-syllable words are not normally stressed except in somenouns or


adjectives.
Examples - verbs: To accept, to ex'pand, to de'fend, to contract, to import, to permit, to
record
Two-syllable nouns starting with a prefix need to be learned individually.
There is no rule
Examples - nouns / adjectives: An 'expert, a contract, a permit,
extreme, concise but complex, an import but a report, but a record,
6. Prefixes in three-syllable words.
Prefixes are usually stressed in three-syllable nouns and adjectives,
They are not always stressed in verbs, which need to be learned individually
Examples nouns and adjectives :
Accident, confident, decadent, exercise, infamous, incident, permanent;

Examples verbs : to consider, to envisage but to complicate, to 'indicate


Useful note: All three syllable verbs ending in -ate are stressed on the first syllable.

Rule 3 takes priority over all others, notably when a "rule 3 ending" is followed by a "rule 4
ending",

Examples :
perpetually, deliciously, conditional, conditioner, illusionist.
This list of rules is not complete, but it does explain where to place the main accent in the
majority of words in English.
Generally speaking, these rules are very easy to apply. There are however some word families
where it is necessary to take care. The classic example of this is the family of words based on the
root noun nation. The main stress will be on different syllables depending on the way the word
ends; what is important to remember, however, is that the rules above apply in each case.

nation, national, nationally, nationalise, nationalising, nationalist, international


nationality
nationalistic
nationalisation
Can you situate the tonic syllable (main stress) in these words which all obey the rules?
Britain, England, Edinburgh, region, regional, economic, to complain, community, to refuse,
considering

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) started as the Social Learning Theory (SLT) in the 1960s by Albert Bandura. It developed into the SCT in 1986 and posits
that learning occurs in a social context with a dynamic and reciprocal interaction of the person, environment, and behavior.

http://linguapress.com/puzzles/answers/xwd-s203-science-answer.htm

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
11
SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
12
SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

CLUES ACROSS
1. Im feeling as ill .... can be!
3. Place where people undergo long medical treatment.
8. Something which makes you go to sleep.
10. What they do to people with very contagious diseases.
12. The people who help doctors with some medical work.
14. The lady in charge of these ladies in 3 across.
16. If you are this, you dont need to see a doctor.
17. Small piece of paper with information.
18. Long lasting, or very severe (referring to an illness).
20. Take temperature with it.

CLUES DOWN 13. To hold a cut shut, with needle


2. Visible marks after a wound has and cotton, after a
healed. surgeon has opened a person up!
4. It is usually performed by a 15. Fluid used in inoculations,
surgeon. vaccinations, perfusions, etc.
6. Where a surgeon cuts people up! 19. Short for Doctor.
7. Ill.
9. Oily substance put on the skin.
11. You may need a doctors
prescription to get it.

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

CLUES ACROSS
4. Energy, force.
7. Scientific work in new fields.
8. A source of salt.
9. A unit of electrical resistance.
11. A new exercise carried out by a scientist.
12 & 13 A serious problem affecting some forests.
14. Carbon monoxide.
16. Where many scientists do their work.
19. Very small unit of living matter.
20. Unit of electrical power.
21. Liquid necessary for most forms of life.
CLUES DOWN
1. Without it, things remain theories.
2. To become solid.
3. Mr. Nobel created one for physics.
4. Men whose field of work is physics.
5. Unwanted matter.
6. It occurs when certain chemicals are brought together.
10. The profession in which we find doctors and nurses. (adj.)
12. Chemical symbol for a precious metal associated with the Klondike.
15. Functional part of a living body
16. A common heavy metal
17. Do this to extinguish a candle or a small flame
18. An oxide of iron ... produced by the action of water.

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

B
rain Food: 20 Healthy, Affordable Study Snacks

Many of these snacks are accessible in school or anywhere else, for that matter.
Please keep in mind that portion control is important (too much of a good
thing is possible).

Stock up on these affordable healthy goodies so that the next time youre in a
time-crunch, you dont have to sacrifice health for convenience.
1. Apples
Depending on the apple type (Granny Smith and Red Delicious are the cheapest),
you can purchase them for around a dollar a pound for even the most designer of
apple breeds.
2. Bananas
Bananas are a great bang for your buck, perfect for on-the-go and are full of
vitamins, potassium and fiber with low salt. Coming in at only 100 calories for an
average sized banana? Yes, please!
3. Carrots
Carrots are easy, cheap and packed with nutrition like protein, natural
carbohydrates, fiber, calcium and potassium. Its probably more cost effective to
buy full-sized packages (even of baby carrots), which are usually around $2 for a
16 oz bag. But, they also come in cute on-the-go packages that are around 35
calories each, so theres really no excuse not to much on these nutritious little
veggies. A mini pack on the go is perfect for snacking between classes!
4. Oranges

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

Other than the obvious vitamin C benefit, youll get potassium, calcium, healthy
carbohydrates and more vitamins. They are high in sugar, but its not as bad as,
say, a candy bar. You can get an entire bag of oranges for the same price as an
unhealthy bag of chips, so make the smart decision and purchase a bag next
time youre looking for a sweet treat.
5. Peanuts
Peanuts are actually a legume, not a nut. Theyre cheap and chock-full of protein.
Theyre high in the good kinds of fats and can keep you full longer than snacks
made with artificial preservatives. If consumed in 2-ounce portions, peanuts are
around 300 calories but theyre a good alternative if youre craving a salty snack.
6. Oatmeal
High in fiber and protein while being low in calories and fat isnt easy to find.
Thats why oatmeal is basically the gem of quick and easy foods. Not to mention
it tastes good and comes in instant options, making it convenient for on the go
students.
7. Green Veggies
Everyone knows they should eat their greens, but have you ever thought about
taking a baggie of raw broccoli, string beans or pea pods on the go as a snack.
You should they have benefits which include Vitamin C, antioxidants and more.
When looking for veggies, the greener and leafier, the better.
8. String Cheese
Ah, the power of cheese. Easily transportable and, as a combo of sugar and salt,
it can curb your sweet or salty cravings. One stick is only around 80 calories, full
of protein and calcium. A pack is only around $2 so, when youre looking for an
easy, cheap snack, just say cheese!
9. Greek Yogurt
Since Greek yogurt is high in protein but low in sugar, its a snack that will
sustain you and keep you satisfied. You can purchase in different flavors or add
some fruit, honey or granola to jazz up a plain flavor.
10. Coffee
Moderate amounts of the caffeine contained in coffee can help improve brain
function, your reaction time, focus and attention span. However, this is only in
moderation. If overdone, it can have adverse results.
11. Hummus
Protein-rich hummus is good on pretty much anything especially when youre
trying to spice up some veggies. If you go for the generic brand, its only around
$4. Even better, make your own for under $2!
12. Blueberries
These little berries pack punch when it comes to nutritional value. Its no wonder
theyre known as a superfood! In addition to the many nutrients and benefits,
blueberries can even help prevent memory loss, increases motor skill function
and learning capacity. Try them frozen for an extra treat!
13. Whole Wheat Crackers or Pretzels

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

Pair either with hummus or peanut butter and youre good to go! Whole wheat is
key here because then youre consuming grains you lose in white crackers or
regular-variety pretzels.
14. Almonds
A handful of almonds can sustain you for long periods of time. Theyre made
from healthy fats and are a good source of protein (6 grams of protein in one
ounce) in moderation. One ounce of almonds also contains 14 grams of fat
(even if it is the good kind) but watch out for unwanted weight gain.
15. Roasted Chick Peas
If you find yourself craving some crunch, these are the perfect alternative to
other crunchy snacks, like potato chips. Chick peas are great sources of protein
and fiber. If you roast them in the oven, adding a little salt and chili powder (if
youd like a little spicy kick), they taste delicious, too!
16. Dark Chocolate
As long as you follow the everything in moderation rule, this snack can provide
benefits like antioxidants and helps with natural stimulation. Dark chocolate also
helps with the production of endorphins.
17. Eggs
Easy to make and easy to hard boil and take on the go, eggs are also
inexpensive. They have the benefits of both protein and choline packed in, which
both help improve brain function and memory.
18. Avocado
Technically a fruit, avocados have mono-saturated fats, which improve blood flow
and can lower blood pressure. Theyre also a great source of Vitamin E. Make
sure not to overindulge for they are fatty fruits (even if they are good fats) so a
quarter or half is more than enough for one serving.
19. Peanut Butter
Flash back to elementary school and make yourself some snacks involving
peanut butter. Peanut butter and celery, peanut butter on rice cakes the
options are endless, nutritious and a great purchase.
20. Trail Mix
This is a tricky one because some unhealthy snacks are disguised as trail mix.
Its probably best to make your own or find a healthy version with nuts and dried
fruits. Portion control is also vital to make sure youre not consuming a ton of
trans-fats.

TONGUE-TWISTING TOOLS FOR BUILDING ENUNCIATION SKILLS

You should find these 36 fundamentally fun tongue twisters to be a great resource. Each one provides
an "elocution work out." Take a few for a test drive. Say each line three or four times. But remember,
do not worry about speed. Focus on speaking clearly, even if you must over-enunciate at first.

A - Around the rugged rocks the B - Big black bug bit a big black bear
ragged rascal ran. and the big black bear bled black
blood.

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
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SUPER SAMYS P3 & P4 COMPOSITION SESSION 10 n 11

C - Can I cook a proper cup of coffee P - Peter Prangle, the prickly pear
in a copper coffee pot? picker, picked three perfectly prickly
pears.
D - Don't doubt the doorbell, but
differ with the doorknob. A proper copper coffee pot.

E - Eight gray geese in a green field Q - Queen Catherine wakes the cat,
grazing. and the cat quietly cries.

F - Fine white vinegar with veal. R - Rubber Baby Buggy Bumpers!

The free thugs set three thugs free. Roberta ran rings around the Roman
ruins.
G - Grab the groundhog from the
glazed grass. S - Some shun sunshine. Do you
shun sunshine?
Grey geese in a green field grazing.
Six stick shifts stuck shut.
H - High roller, low roller, lower roller.
T - Three thick thistle sticks.
How can a clam cram in a clean
cream can? The thirty-three thieves thought that
they thrilled the throne throughout
I - Inexplicably mimicking him Thursday.
hiccupping.
U - Unique New York, Unique New
I wish to wash my Irish wristwatch York, Unique New York.

J - Jingle jungle jangle joker. V - Venti, Grande, Tall - Very Grand


Words for Large, Medium, Small.
K - Knit kilts for nasty cold nights.
W - Will's wetsuit is round and wet
L - Little lucky luke likes lakes, lucky and rough and wide and ready to go
little luke likes licking lakes on a watery ride.

M - Monkeys make monopoly Wayne went to Wales to watch


monotonous. walruses.

N - The Next nest will not necessarily X - Xylophones exist or so


be next to nothing. existentialists insist.

O - Octopi occupy a porcupine's Y - Yoda met a Yeti on the Plains of


mind. Serengeti.

Only royal oily royal oil boils Z - Zoologists illogically love to read
astrology.

It's so hard when I have to, and so easy when I want to. ~Annie Gottlier
18
https://www.thebalance.com/speech-skills-and-terminology-2948550