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PROJECT: BANK OF KHARTOUM SITE : Khartoum

DUCT NAME : Ventilation system - EAF-1 SERVING: BANK OF KAHRTOUM -HQ

GENERAL DATA
DUCT MATERIAL : G. I. Sheet
ROUGHNESS COEF. : 0.93
ALTITUDE : 348.048 Meters
ALTITUDE COEF. : 0.000
AIR DENSITY : 1.09 Kg/m3
DUCTS PRESSURE LOSSES BOARD

SECTION Unit 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
FLOW cfm 100 200 400
FLOW m/h 170 340 680
LENGTH m 1.50 1.10 5.00
DIAM. mm 164.0 218.6 273.3
DIAM. EQUIV. 164.0 218.6 273.3
WIDTH mm 150 200 250
HEIGHT mm 150 200 250
AREA m 0.02 0.04 0.06
VELOCITY m/s 2.24 2.52 3.22
PD per Meter Pa 0.52 0.45 0.54
PD x LENGTH Pa 0.77 0.49 2.68 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

FITTINGS Co 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
ELBOW 30 0.07
ELBOW 45 0.09
ELBOW 90 0.15 1 1
TEE 45 0.3
TEE 90 1
END TEE 1.5
BRANCH TEE 0.05
TRANSITION 0.22
CONTRACTION 0.05
0.04

TOTAL Co 0.15 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
DUCTS PD Pa 0.41 0.52 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
PRESSURE DROP Pa 1.18 1.01 2.68 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

SPECIAL FITTING PRESSURE DROPS

DESIGNATION PD (PA) QTY TOTAL


FIRE DAMPER 10 0
VOLUME DAMPER 10 0
SUPPLY GRILLE 15 0
RETURN GRILLE 15 0
EXHAUST AIR LOUVER 20 0
SAND TRAP LOUVER 50 0
ALUMINUM FILTER 80 0
BAG FILTER 150 0
GREASE FILTER 100 0
DUCT HEATER 5 0
DISC EXHAUST VALVE 70 0
FLEXIBLE DUCT CONNECTION 15 0
VAV BOX 20 0
TOTAL 0 Pa
Date : 8/30/2017
NK OF KAHRTOUM -HQ

Prepared by: Eng. Mohd Tag

10 11 12 13 14 15 TOTAL

7.6 ml

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3.95 Pa

10 11 12 13 14 15 TOTAL

0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30


0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.93 Pa
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4.88 Pa

0.02 W.g
STATIC PRESSURE AT 100% 5 Pa
FLOW AT 100% 680 m/h
* DUCTS PRESSURE DROP : 5 Pa
* FITTING PRESSURE DROP : 0 Pa

0.02 W.g
STATIC PRESSURE AT 110% 5 Pa
FLOW AT 110% 748 m/h
* DUCTS PRESSURE DROP : 5 Pa
* FITTING PRESSURE DROP : 0 Pa

0.02 W.g
STATIC PRESSURE AT 120% 6 Pa
FLOW AT 110% 816 m/h
* DUCTS PRESSURE DROP : 6 Pa
* FITTING PRESSURE DROP : 0 Pa
Duct Roughness Factors

Duct Material

Uncoated carbon steel, clean (Moody 1944),


(0.00015 ft) (0.05 mm)
PVC plastic pipe (Swim 1982),
(0.00003 to 0.00015 ft) (0.01 to 0.05 mm)
Aluminum (Hutchinson 1953),
(0.000015 to 0.0002 ft) (0.04 to 0.06 mm)

Galvanized steel, longitudinal seams, 4 ft


(1200 mm ) joints (Griggs et al. 1987),
(0.00016 to 0.00032 ft) (0.05 to 0.10 mm)
Galvanized steel, continuously rolled, spiral seams,
10 ft joints (Jones 1979)
(0.0002 to 0.0004 ft) (0.06 to 0.12 mm)
Galvanized steel, spiral seam with 1, 2, and 3 ribs,
12 ft joints (Griggs et al. 1987),
(0.00029 to 0.00038 ft) (0.09 to 0.12 mm)

Hot-dipped Galvanized steel, longitudinal seams,


2.5 ft (760 mm) joints (Wright 1945),
(0.0005 ft) (0.15)

Galvanized steel, spiral, corrugated, 10 ft (3050 mm) joints


(Kulkarni et al. 2009)
(0.0024 ft) (0.7 mm)
Fibrous glass duct, rigid
Fibrous glass duct liner, air side with facing material
(Swim 1978),
(0.005 ft) (1.5 mm)
Flexible duct, fabric and wire, fully extended

Fibrous glass duct liner, air side spray coated (Swim 1978)
(0.015 ft) (4.5 mm)
Flexible duct, metallic when fully extended
(0.004 to 0.007 ft) (1.2 mm to 2.1 mm)
Concrete (Moody 1944)
(0.001 to 0.01 ft) (0.3 to 3 mm)

References:
SMACNA, HVAC systems duct design 1990 3rd edition
ASHRAE Handbook - Fundamentals 2009
Duct Roughness Factors

Absolute Roughness ,
Roughness Category
ft mm

Smooth 0.0001 0.03

Medium - Smooth (New


0.0003 0.09
Duct Friction Loss Chart)

Average (Old) 0.0005 0.15

Medium - Rough 0.003 0.9


Medium - Rough 0.003 0.9

Rough 0.01 3
WEIGHT GAGE (THICKNESS) WEIGHT PER SHEET (lb)
(lb/sq ft) (in) 36 x 96 48 x 96 48 x 112
GALVANIZED STEEL, U.S. GAGE
0.906 26 ga. 0.022 21.8 29.0 36.2
1.156 24 ga. 0.028 27.7 37.0 46.2
1.406 22 ga. 0.034 33.8 45.0 56.2
1.656 20 ga. 0.04 39.7 53.0 66.2
2.156 18 ga. 0.052 51.6 70.0 86.2
2.656 16 ga. 0.064 63.6 85.0 102.2
3.281 14 ga. 0.08 78.8 105.0 131.2
HOT ROLLED STEEL, U.S. GAGE
0.75 26 ga. 0.0179 18.0 24.0 30.0
1.000 24 ga. 0.0239 24.0 32.0 40.0
1.250 22 ga. 0.0299 30.0 40.0 50.0
1.500 20 ga. 0.0359 36.0 48.0 60.0
2.000 18 ga. 0.0478 48.0 64.0 80.0
2.500 16 ga. 0.0596 60.0 80.0 100.0
3.125 14 ga. 0.0747 78.0 104.0 130.0
5.625 10 ga. 0.1345 135.0 180.0 225.0
ALUMINUM, B & S GAGE (3S)
0.288 24 ga. 0.02 6.9 9.2 11.5
0.355 22 ga. 0.025 8.6 11.3 14.2
0.456 20 ga. 0.032 11.0 14.6 18.2
0.575 18 ga. 0.04 13.8 18.4 23.0
0.724 16 ga. 0.051 17.4 23.2 29.0
0.914 14 ga. 0.064 22.0 29.2 36.6
1.03 12 ga. 0.071 24.7 33.0 41.3
STAINLESS STEEL, U.S. GAGE (302)
0.66 28 ga. 0.016 15.8 21.1 26.4
0.79 26 ga. 0.019 18.9 25.2 31.6
1.05 24 ga. 0.025 25.2 33.6 42.0
1.31 22 ga. 0.031 31.5 42.0 52.5
1.58 20 ga. 0.038 37.8 50.4 63.0
2.10 18 ga. 0.05 50.4 61.2 84.0
2.63 16 ga. 0.063 63.0 84.0 105.0
3.28 14 ga. 0.078 78.7 104.9 131.2
COPPER, OZ/SQ FT
1.00 16 oz. 0.0216 24.0 32.0 40.0
1.25 20 oz. 0.027 30.0 40.0 50.0
1.50 24 oz. 0.0323 36.0 48.0 64.0
2.00 32 oz. 0.0432 48.0 64.0 80.0
2.25 36 oz. 0.0486 54.0 72.0 90.0
2.50 40 oz. 0.054 60.0 80.0 100.0
Data obtained from CARRIER (1974), system design manual, part 2: Air Distribution, table 18 page 2-63
Galvanised Sheet Thickness
Thickness, mm Nominal Mass
Gauge
Nominal Minimum kg/m2
30 0.399 0.319 3.20
28 0.475 0.395 3.81
26 0.551 0.471 4.42
24 0.701 0.601 5.64
22 0.853 0.753 6.86
20 1.006 0.906 8.08
18 1.311 1.181 10.52
16 1.613 1.463 12.96
14 1.994 1.784 16.01
13 2.372 2.162 19.07
12 2.753 2.523 22.12
11 3.132 2.902 25.16
10 3.510 3.280 28.21
Notes:

1. Minimum thickness is based on thickness tolerances of hot-dip galvanised sheets in cut length and coils (per ASTM
standard A525-80). Tolerance is valid for 1220 and 1520-mm wide sheets.

2. Galvanised sheet gauge is used for convenience. A metric series would conform to ANSI Standard B32.3, and the
tolerances in ASTM Standard A5225M apply.

Uncoated Steel Sheet Thickness


Thickness, mm Nominal
Gauge Minimum Mass
Nominal
Hot-Rolled Cold-Rolled kg/m2
28 0.378 0.328 3.05
26 0.455 0.405 3.66
24 0.667 0.587 4.88
22 0.759 0.679 6.10
20 0.912 0.832 7.32
18 1.214 1.084 1.114 9.76
16 1.519 1.369 1.389 12.20
14 1.897 1.717 1.767 15.25
13 2.278 2.101 2.456 18.31
12 2.656 2.456 2.506 21.35
11 3.038 2.838 2.888 24.40
10 3.416 3.216 3.266 27.45
Notes:
1. Minimum thickness is based on thickness tolerances of hot-rolled and cold-rolled sheets in cut length and coils (per
ASTM Standards A366, A568, and A569).

2. Table is based on 1220-mm width coil and sheet stock. 1520-mm coil has same tolerance, except that 16 gauge is +/- 0.18-
mm in hot-rolled coils and sheets
3. Manufacturer's standard gauge is used for convenience. A metric series would conform to ANSI Standard B32.3, and the
tolerances in ASTM Standard A568M apply

Stainless Steel Sheet Thickness


Nominal Mass, kg/m2
Gauge Thickness, mm Stainless Steel
Nominal Minimum 300 Series 400 Series
28 0.384 0.334 3.09 3.04
26 0.452 0.372 3.65 3.58
24 0.597 0.517 4.82 4.72
22 0.744 0.644 6.01 5.89
20 0.902 0.802 7.28 7.14
18 1.219 1.089 9.84 9.65
16 1.511 1.361 12.20 11.96
14 1.908 1.728 15.39 15.10
13 2.286 2.056 18.45 18.10
12 2.677 2.447 21.60 21.19
11 3.048 2.798 24.60 24.13
10 3.429 3.129 27.67 27.14