Sei sulla pagina 1di 30

Materials System Specification

02-SAMSS-011 21 June 2011


Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents

1 Scope............................................................. 2
2 Conflicts and Deviations................................. 2
3 References..................................................... 2
4 General.......................................................... 5
5 Materials........................................................ 7
6 Corrosion Tests............................................ 12
7 Metallographic Examination......................... 13
8 Extent of Testing and Inspection.................. 13
9 Non-Destructive Examinations (NDE).......... 14
10 Special Machine Finish
for Raised Face (RF) Flanges.............. 16
11 Repairs......................................................... 16
12 Markings....................................................... 17
13 Protective Coatings and Packaging............. 18

Previous Issue: 19 April 2010 Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014


Revised paragraphs are indicated in the right margin Page 1 of 30
Primary contact: Dennis Niemeyer on 966-3-8760237

CopyrightSaudi Aramco 2011. All rights reserved.


Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

1 Scope

1.1 This specification covers Saudi Aramco requirements for forged steel and alloy
flanges. Special configuration flanges such as pipeline anchors, long weld neck
flanges, integrally reinforced flanges, out-size flanges, and lapped joint and
swivel ring assemblies are included. Not included are

1.2 This specification does not apply to the following:

1.2.1 Class 150 low pressure sanitary and oily water services unless specified
in the purchase order.

1.2.2 Blind flanges classes 600 and below, slip on flanges, socket weld
flanges, threaded flanges, Type 6BX per API SPEC 6A.

2 Conflicts and Deviations

2.1 Any conflicts between this specification and other applicable Saudi Aramco
Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs),
Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes, and forms shall be
resolved in writing by the Company or Buyer Representative through the
Manager, Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2 Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company or
Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302
and forward such requests to the Manager, Consulting Services Department of
Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

3 References

Materials supplied to this specification shall comply with the latest edition of the
references listed below, unless otherwise noted.

3.1 Saudi Aramco References

Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure


SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a
Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering
Requirement

Saudi Aramco Standard Drawings


AA-036792 Flange & Ring Details Swivel Ring Flanges

Page 2 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

AC-036443 Lap Joint Flanges & Stub Ends Large Size


Class 600 Ring Joint
AC-036486 Lap Joint Flanges & Stub Ends Large Size
Class 300 Ring Joint
AE-036438 Details of 54" & 60" Lap Joint Flanges & Stub
Ends Class 300 R. J.

Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirement


Form 175-022501 Flanges; Weld Neck, Forged Steel

3.2 Industry Codes and Standards

American Petroleum Institute


API SPEC 6A Specification for Wellhead and Christmas Tree
Equipment

American Society of Mechanical Engineers


ASME SEC VIII D1 Rules for Construction of Pressure Vessels Div. 1
ASME/ANSI B16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings
ASME/ANSI B16.47 Large Diameter Flanges
ASME/ANSI B46.1 Surface Texture

American Society for Testing and Materials


ASTM A105 Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings
for Piping Applications
ASTM A182 Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled
Alloy-Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings and
Valves and Parts for High Temperature Service
ASTM A262 Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to
Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless
Steels
ASTM A266 Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings
for Pressure Vessel Components
ASTM A275 Standard Test Method for Magnetic Particle
Examination of Steel Forgings
ASTM A350 Standard Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy
Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness
Testing for Piping Components

Page 3 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

ASTM A370 Standard Test Methods and Definitions for


Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
ASTM A388 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of
Heavy Steel Forgings
ASTM A508 Standard Specification for Quenched and
Tempered Vacuum-Treated Carbon and Alloy
Steel Forgings for Pressure Vessels
ASTM A694 Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel
Forgings for Pipe Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and
Parts for High-Pressure Transmission Service
ASTM A707 Standard Specification for Forged Carbon and
Alloy Steel Flanges for Low-Temperature
Service
ASTM A788 Standard Specification for Steel Forgings,
General Requirements
ASTM A859 Standard Specification for Age-Hardening Alloy
Steel Forgings for Pressure Vessel Components
ASTM A923 Standard test Methods for Detecting Detrimental
Intermetallic in Duplex Austenitic/Ferritic
Stainless Steel
ASTM A941 Terminology Relating to Steel, Stainless Steel,
Related Alloys, and Ferroalloys
ASTM A961 Standard Specification for Common Requirements
for Steel Flanges, Forged Fittings, Valves, and
Parts for Piping Applications
ASTM B462 Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled UNS
N06030, UNS N06022, UNS N06035, UNS
N06200, UNS N06059, UNS N06686, UNS
N08020, UNS N08024, UNS N08026, UNS
N08367, UNS N10276, UNS N10665, UNS
N10675, UNS N10629, UNS N08031, UNS
N06045, UNS N06025, and UNS R20033 Alloy
Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and
Parts for Corrosive High- Temperature Service
ASTM E10 Standard Test Method for Brinell Hardness of
Metallic Materials
ASTM E112 Grain Size Measurement

Page 4 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

ASTM E165 Standard Test Method for Liquid Penetrant


Examination
ASTM E381 Standard Method of Macroetch Testing of Steel
Bars, Billets, Blooms and Forgings
ASTM E562 Standard Test Method for Determining Volume
Fraction by Systematic Manual Point Count
ASTM G48 Standard Test Methods for Pitting and Crevice
Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels and
Related Alloys by Use of Ferric Chloride
Solution

Manufacturers Standardization Society of the Valve and Fittings Industry, Inc.


MSS SP44 Steel Pipe Line Flanges

4 General

4.1 Definitions

4.1.1 Lot: All items of the same type and maximum thickness which are
produced from the same heat of steel and subjected to the same finishing
(i.e., heat treatment, amount of working). Heat treatment may be
considered continuous providing all temperatures are controlled within
14C (25F). Any break in continuous material flow or multiple
furnace loads shall be considered separate heat treat lots.

4.1.2 T REF: This indicates the nominal rim thickness of a flange and is
normally the thickest cross-section in a flange. T REF has a direct impact
on the heat treating practice followed for achieving the desired mechanical
properties and metallurgical structure and the method of obtaining
specimens for mechanical properties and chemical composition.

4.2 All flange manufacturers shall perform forging, machining and heat treatment
operations either in-house or in a wholly owned subsidiary approved by Saudi
Aramco. It is not permitted to outsource forging, machining or heat treatment
operations. Machine shops are not considered flange manufacturing facility.

4.3 Flange manufacturers are not permitted to procure rough forging for further
processing.

For all materials: At the time of quotation, the flange supplier shall include a
statement for country of origin, if other than the point of shipment. Traceability
of finished materials shall extend back to the original steel making facility.

Page 5 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

4.4 All new flange installations are designed in accordance with ASME/ANSI B16.5,
B16.47 and API SPEC 6A. The following design codes are referenced for all new
flanges with materials in accordance with Table 5:
ASME/ANSI B16.5: Class 150 thru 2500
ASME/ANSI B16.47 Series A: Class 150 through 900.
API SPEC 6A Type 6B: Pressure Rating 3000, 5000 and 10,000

4.5 Product Quality Plan

4.5.1 Prior to first time production, manufacturers whose quality systems


and/or products have been assessed and approved by the Vendor
Inspection Division (VID) and Consulting Services Department
(ME&CCD/MEU), shall submit on a one time basis, a Product Quality
Plan which includes the steps taken to ensure that all requirements of this
specification will be included in the Manufacturer's Materials Control
and Process Control Documents. This Plan shall identify:
a) Products offered
b) Materials to be used
c) Processes performed by the manufacturer
d) Processes performed by others
e) Protective coatings and packaging.

4.5.2 The Product Quality Plan shall also provide, for each pressure class, yield
strength (F#), and size as shown in Table 6, the following attributes:
a) Steel making, including composition and grain size,
b) Manufacturing processes, including hot-work ratios and heat
treatment,
c) All required testing and inspection, including frequency, size and
orientation of samples and specimens.

4.5.3 Sampling plans for testing and NDE shall be in accordance with Tables
1, 2, 3 and 4.

Page 6 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

Table 1 Sampling Plan Based on Lot Size

Lot size Sample size


28 2
9 15 3
16 25 5
26 50 8
51 90 13
91 150 20
151 280 32
281 500 50
501 1200 80
1201 3200 125

4.6 Special Designs

Flanges not covered by the ASME/ANSI, API or Saudi Aramco standard


drawings shall be designed in accordance with ASME SEC VIII D1, Appendix 2.
These special designs shall be submitted to Saudi Aramco for approval prior to
manufacture.

5 Materials

Flange materials shall be carbon steel, high strength low alloy (HSLA) steel, low alloy
steel, stainless steel and corrosion resistant alloys as specified in Table 5.

Pipeline anchor flanges shall be of materials shown for F60 or stronger flanges of the
same class and size shown in Table 6.

Rings for swivel ring flanges shall be of the same strength level as the welding ends or
hubs. ASTM A694 can be used for the swivel ring but not for the welding end.
Alternatively, swivel rings can be manufactured from the same material as the welding
end or hub.

5.1 Steel Manufacture

5.1.1 All steel grades shall be fully killed, vacuum degassed and melted to fine
grain practice

5.1.2 Treatment for inclusion shape-control by addition of calcium is not


required for any flanges manufactured to this specification.

Page 7 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

5.1.3 All stainless steels shall be manufactured from steel produced by the
electric furnace process, and subsequently refined by vacuum oxygen
decarburization (VOD) or argon oxygen decarburization (AOD).
CRAs shall meet the requirements of the respective ASTM standards.

5.2 Forging Processes

5.2.1 All flanges are required to meet the definition of hot worked forgings in
ASTM A788 and ASTM A961 and all other such appropriate general
requirements:
Flanges shall be hot worked by press, hammer, or ring-mill of
sufficient capacity to produce a substantially wrought structure
throughout the rim (T REF in Table 6);
Flanges shall be hot worked as close as practicable to finished
dimensions.

5.2.2 Continuous-cast steel shall be hot-worked to a minimum 2:1 ratio before


blanks are cut for die forgings. All such perform raw material shall be
capable of meeting a C2; R2; S2 rating, as described in ASTM E381,
prior to profile forging to near net shape. Residual as-cast structure in
the rim is not permitted.

5.2.3 Blanks for open-die-forged flanges, hammer-forged flanges, and ring-


rolled flanges shall be hot worked to a minimum reduction ratio of 2:1
before forging to shape or ring-rolling is initiated. All such pre-form raw
material shall be capable of meeting a C2; R2; S2 rating, as described in
ASTM E381, prior to profile forging to near net shape.

5.2.4 All flanges greater than 24 inch diameter shall be ring rolled unless
alternate forming options can demonstrate the final product exhibits
acceptable metallurgical structure and mechanical properties in the
rim/hub region.

5.3 Heat Treatment

All flanges shall be furnace heat treated as indicated in Table 5 after all forge
processing is complete. Cooling directly from forging temperature is not
acceptable as a normalize heat treatment. Terms and definitions for heat
treatment shall be in accordance with ASTM A941.

Any heating above the lower transformation temperature (A1) shall be


recognized as eliminating any previous heat treat condition. Minimum
temperature for tempering or precipitation hardening is 590C.

Page 8 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

5.4 Chemical Requirements

Chemical analysis shall be performed upon each heat for all elements specified
in the respective standards; including additional elements specified herein (see
Table 5). Elements for which heat analysis data are not available may be
determined by check or product analysis if necessary.

The composition limits of the respective standards in shall be met unless stated
otherwise by this specification (see Table 5).

5.4.1 Heat Analysis

Heat Analysis is required for: Carbon, Manganese, Phosphorus, Sulfur,


Silicon, Nickel, Chromium, Molybdenum, Copper, Niobium
(Columbium), Vanadium, Titanium, Aluminum, and Boron. Analysis
for Calcium and Nitrogen is also required when specified in the
respective standards or in this specification.

Material test certificate shall state that vacuum degassing was performed.

5.4.2 Check and Product Analysis

At least one check analysis or product analysis is required from each heat
of steel used for the production of flanges. Such representative check
analysis shall be made on raw material (ingot, billet, or bar) or products
from each heat for all specified elements listed in Table 5 in accordance
with ASTM A788 or A961, and the ASTM product specification, as
applicable.

Specimens for check analysis shall be taken midway between the center
and surface of the ingot, billet, or bar.

5.4.3 Carbon Equivalents

Maximum allowable values for carbon equivalent (CE), and carbon


content (C) for finished flanges, are to be determined at the same
location as mechanical tests in 5.5.1.

Mn (Cr Mo V ) ( Ni Cu )
Carbon Equivalent (CE ) C (1)
6 5 15
Commentary Note:

CE determinations are based on heat analysis unless only check or


product analysis data are available.

Page 9 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

5.4.4 Pitting Resistance Equivalent (PRE)

Stainless steels grades with PRE requirements shall meet the minimum
values shown in Table 5.

(PRE) = %Cr + 3.3 %Mo + 16 %N (2)

5.5 Mechanical Requirements

Mechanical testing of representative samples from each heat treat lot is required
for acceptance of all flanges. Testing is to be in accordance with the appropriate
ASTM/API standard and the additional requirements of this specification as
shown in Table 5.

5.5.1 Samples for Mechanical Testing

Mechanical testing samples shall be taken from locations as described in


ASTM A350, Section 7. Samples may be taken from either a sacrificial
forging or a separately forged test bar, or a prolongation of the weld neck
end or extension in the axial direction as applicable for swivel or lap
rings. (Listed in order of preference).

Where a separately forged test bar is used, it shall be from the same heat
as the final forgings. The test bar shall receive the same approximate
working, as documented in the product quality plan (see 4.4) and shall be
heat treated with the flange forgings it represents. Separately forged test
bars shall be at least 300 mm long, or they may be rings consistent with
the production forgings. Transverse test specimens shall be at least
140 mm in a dimension transverse to the principal direction of hot
working.

If for any reason a flange cannot be forged to near net shape, the section
dimensions of the forged test specimen shall be 6.5 mm of the rim
dimensions (T REF in Table 6) of the product in the as-forged condition
(before machining).

Weld end prolongations (integral test rings) are allowed for ring-rolled
flanges that are forged to "near-net-shape", (within 6.5 mm of finished
size), with the following limitations:
Thickness must be the greater of 25 mm or the matching pipe wall,
and must be large enough to allow removal of test specimens at least
140 mm long that are transverse to the principal direction of hot work;
Prolongations must remain part of the production flange during heat
treatment;

Page 10 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

Specimens from prolongations must be removed from the T/2


position;
Prolongations are not permitted when the rim thickness is greater
than 140 mm (5.50 in.) (T REF in Table 6), OR when flanges are
not forged to near-net-shape.

When required on Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements Form


175-022501, or there is definite reason to question the test results, the
validity of any forged test blank will be confirmed by testing a
production flange of greatest rim thickness in the lot represented by the
test bar. The validity of any forged test blank is normally verified during
first time qualification of the manufacturing process.

5.5.2 Tension and Impact Tests

Tensile and impact testing shall be performed in accordance with


ASTM A370.

Material code A does not require impact testing. All other flanges shall
be represented by tension test and Charpy V-notch specimens, as
applicable in Table 5, with test axes transverse to the principal direction
of hot work.

For Charpy V-notch on flanges 12 inches and less in diameter,


longitudinal specimens may be substituted if an additional 25 ft-lb. are
added to the minimum required toughness in Table 5.

For clarification, the axis of the Charpy V-notch shall be parallel to the
principal direction of hot work.

Principle direction of hot work is defined as follows:


a) Ring rolled flanges Tangential to the bore.
b) All other flanges Radial to the bore, except for prolongations
which shall be tangential to the bore.

5.5.3 Hardness Tests

Finished flanges shall be tested by the standard Brinell method per


ASTM E10, or other Saudi Aramco approved hardness measurement
method, so that test values can be verified

The test method shall provide accuracy and precision (demonstrated


repeatability) equivalent to the standard Brinell test and shall produce
results that can be cross-referenced to standard Brinell values.

Page 11 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

Impressions shall be on either the side of the flange rim or on the outer
diameter, mid way between bolt hole locations. Every flange and test
ring shall be tested at two locations 180 degrees apart.

Report all values; see Table 5 for acceptance values. The highest and
lowest values from the same test lot, test specimens included, shall not
differ by more than 30 HB, or the entire lot is rejected. Re-testing after
re-heat treatment is required.

6 Corrosion Tests

6.1 All austenitic stainless steel grades except those specified in Table 2 shall be
subjected to intergranular corrosion test as per ASTM A262 Practice E.
Requirement for sensitization of samples shall be as specified in ASTM A262
except that sensitization heat treatment is not required for grades having more
that 3% Mo.

6.2 Intergranular Corrosion test specified in paragraph 6.1 above is not required for
heats having less than 0.020% carbon as shown in product analysis.

6.3 Special grades of stainless steel grades shall be subject to corrosion testing as
specified in Table 2.

Table 2 Corrosion Tests for Special Grades of Stainless Steel

Steel Grade Corrosion Test Test Conditions Acceptance Criteria


No pitting at 20X magnification
UNS N08904 ASTM G48 Test temperature: 25C
Weight loss shall be less than
(F 904L) Method A Test duration : 24 hours
4.0 g/m2.
No pitting at 20X magnification
UNS S31254 ASTM G48 Test temperature: 50C
Weight loss shall be less than
(F 44) Method A Test duration : 24 hours
4.0 g/m2.
UNS S32205 ASTM A923
As per ASTM A923 As per ASTM A923
(F 60) Method C
UNS S32750 ASTM A923
As per ASTM A923 As per ASTM A923
(F 53) Method C
UNS S32760 ASTM A923
As per ASTM A923 Same as UNS S32750
(F 55) Method C

Notes:
a. The internal and external surfaces of the specimens shall be in the as delivered condition
unless stated otherwise in the applicable standard.
b. Cut edges shall be prepared according to ASTM G48.
c. Rapid screening test shall not be used as an acceptance test.

Page 12 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

7 Metallographic Examination

7.1 Grain size shall meet the size requirements of Table 5 or finer as determined in
accordance with ASTM E112.

7.2 Ferrite content for duplex stainless steels shall be between 35 to 55% as
determined in accordance with ASTM E562.

8 Extent of Testing and Inspection

The extent of testing and inspection to be performed shall be as per Table 3.

Table 3 Number of Tests Required for Chemical and Mechanical Testing

Type of Test Number and Frequency of Testing


Chemical composition Heat One per heat
Chemical composition Product One per heat
Tensile One per lot
Impact One set per lot
Hardness 100% for the following sizes and larger:
ASME/ANSI
Class 150 - 26
Class 300 - 26
Class 400 - 30
Class 600 - 16
Class 900 - 12
Class 1500 - 6
Class 2500 - 4
API 6A Type 6B
2000 psi 16 3/4
3000 psi 13 5/8
5000 psi 5 1/8
For all other sizes:
Sample as per Table 1
Corrosion testing One per lot
Metallography Grain size (GS) One per lot
Metallography Ferrite content One per lot

Page 13 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

9 Non-Destructive Examinations (NDE)

Non-destructive examinations shall be conducted as described in the following


subsections.

Special configuration flanges, such as pipe line anchors, swivel ring and lap joint weld
ends, and long weld neck flanges, shall be tested according to approved Manufacturer's
procedures.

Test specimens shall be identified and traceable to test reports.

If an unacceptable imperfection or rejectionable indication is found on any test sample


the entire lot shall be tested.

9.1 Magnetic Particle Testing Ferromagnetic Materials

All accessible surfaces shall be magnetic-particle tested after final heat treatment
and final machining operations by a wet fluorescent method in accordance with
ASTM A508/A275. Flange bores and other surfaces shall be inspected in two
directions: axial and circumferential.

Acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with ASTM A788 Supplementary


Requirement S18.

9.2 Liquid Penetrant Testing Non-ferromagnetic Materials

All accessible surfaces shall be liquid-penetrant inspected after final heat


treatment and final machining operations in accordance with procedures
specified in ASTM E165.

Acceptance criteria shall be in accordance with ASTM A788 Supplementary


Requirement S19.

9.3 Ultrasonic Testing

Ultrasonic Testing (UT) shall be conducted on flanges in accordance with the


following requirements:

Testing shall be conducted from the welding end before beveling, in an


intermediate-machined state, with welding and sealing ends machined at right
angles to the bore. However, intermediate-machined state UT inspection is not
required if the intended UT procedure can demonstrate, and document, that
adequate inspection reliability of the welding end can be achieved without
intermediate stage testing.

Page 14 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

9.3.1 Straight-Beam Examination

Test flanges in accordance with ASTM A388/A788.

ASTM A788 supplementary requirement S20 Level DA applies, except


that the flat bottom hole for test sections up to 300 mm will not exceed
4 mm diameter, and the flat bottom hole for sections 300 mm to 450 mm
will not exceed 6.5 mm diameter.

Acceptance criteria:
A forging containing one or more indications equal in amplitude to
that of the applicable reference hole, when properly corrected for
distance, is subject to rejection.
Multiple indications with an amplitude exceeding 50% of the
indication from the calibration hole, accompanied by a loss of back
reflection exceeding 50%, shall also be cause for rejection.

9.3.2 Angle-Beam Examination

Test flanges in accordance with ASTM A388/A508.

Search areas will consist of:


100% of the volume of the bore to a radial depth not less than the
wall thickness of the matching pipe; and
100% of the volume of the cone, or the volume of material contained
within 50 mm of the welding end, whichever is less.

Acceptance criteria:

Recordable indications per ASTM A388 will be cause for rejection.

9.4 Extent of Testing and Inspection for NDE

The extent of NDE to be performed shall be as per Table 4.

Page 15 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

Table 4 Number of Tests Required for NDE

Type of Test Number and Frequency of Testing


MT 100% for the following classes:
API 6A, all ratings
ASME/ANSI Class 900 and larger
Table 1 for all other classes
PT Same as MT
UT 100% for the following sizes and larger:
ASME/ANSI
Class 600 - 26
Class 900 - 20
Class 1500 - 10
Class 2500 - 6
API 6A Type 6B
2000 psi 16 3/4
3000 psi 13 5/8
5000 psi 5 1/8
Table 1 for all other sizes

10 Special Machine Finish for Raised Face (RF) Flanges

As-machined roughness of the raised face shall be 3.2 to 6.4 micro-meters Ra; see
ASME/ANSI B46.1. Stockists shall not be permitted to remachine the sealing face of
any flange, especially prior to marking.

Smoother surface finish not exceeding 3.2 m Ra may be specified in special cases and
shall be clearly indicated in the purchase order.
Commentary Note:

It is not permissible for any Stockist or Contractor to remachine, thus changing the
configuration, any flange and remark the flange as a new product. For example, a
Stockist is not permitted to remachine the sealing face from ring joint to flat face, or vice
versa, and mark or remark the flange for a different service. This would be considered
counterfeit material. The original manufacturer is the only company permitted to machine
and mark flanges covered by this specification.

11 Repairs

Weld repair is not permitted for any flange covered by this specification.

Page 16 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

12 Markings

All flanges shall be marked by the manufacturer by metal stamping; low stress stamps
are not required if markings are confined to the outer diameter of the rim (the curved
surface).

The marking requirements of the respective ASTM and API standards apply to all
flanges, subject to the further requirements of this specification.

The Manufacturer shall be identified on all flanges. Pipe size and bore (Schedule, XS,
etc.) shall show on all flanges. The API monogram is not mandatory for API SPEC 6A
Type 6B flanges, but API shall show on all flanges. The material standard shall show
on all flanges. Vendor markings shall be included in all Quality Plans.

Only one strength level is permitted on a single flange, for example: F60/F75 is
prohibited.

Markings shall be in the following order when possible:


Descriptive Acronym for flange type
Pressure Rating
Nominal Size and Bore Diameter (Schedule, XS, etc.)
Dimensional Standard
Strength Marking per Table 6
Heat Treatment per Table 5
Material Standard and Supplementary Requirements per Table 5
LO TEMP or API, when applicable
Non-Destructive Test Markings
Ring Joint Gasket Number, when applicable
Manufacturer's Name (first 3 letters or logo)
Heat Number or Manufacturer's Heat Identification

Examples (See Notes)


WNRF 30 NPS 29.000 BORE CL150 F36 N A266 CL4 S2 S4
RF 12 NPS SCH 20 ANSI CL300 GRB N ASTM A350 LF2LT MT
WNRJ 7-1/16 - 5.76 BORE API 3000 60K N A707 L3 CL3 MT UT
WNRF 22 NPS 21.000 SP44 CL600 F60 QT ASTM A707 L3 CL3

Page 17 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

RF 24 NPS SCH 40 B16.5 CL150 GRB N A105 S4 MT


RJ 9 - 7.44 BORE API 3000 60K N A707 L3 CL3 MT UT
RJ 10 NPS 8.500 BORE CL1500 F60 QT A707 L3 CL3 MT

Markings for inseparable swivel ring and lapped joint assemblies per Saudi Aramco
Standard Drawings shall be located on the rims of the backing flanges (swivel rings),
with welding end information first.

Examples:
SRRJ WLD END 24 NPS 23.250 BORE AA-036792 CL600 F60 QT ASTM A707
L3 CL3 LO TEMP UT MT BKG FLG A694 F60
LJRJ WLD END 36 NPS 35.250 BORE AC-036443 CL600 A707 L3 CL3 UT MT
BKG FLG A694 F60.
Commentary Note:

Common recognizable abbreviations are acceptable: RF= weld neck raised face;
RJ = weld neck, ring joint; SRJ = Swivel Ring, Ring Joint; LRJ = Lapped Joint Ring
Joint; RF = WNRF; RJ = WNRJ; LT = LO TEMP. "ASTM" & "BORE" may be dropped:
LF2 = ASTM A350 LF2, A105 = ASTM A105, L3CL3LT = ASTM A707 L3 CL3 LO
TEMP, CL600 = ANSI CL 600, MT = magnetic particle, B16.5 = ANSI B16.5.

13 Protective Coatings and Packaging

Finish-machined and tested flanges shall be coated overall with a protective finish that
does not hide markings.

13.1 Coatings shall be capable of protecting against corrosion in a marine


environment for 6 months. If the protective coating cannot be warranted against
corrosion, the flanges shall be protectively packaged.

13.2 All flanges shall be protected from mechanical damage. Welding ends and
sealing faces shall be protected with suitable wood or plastic or metal covers.
Flanges shall be packaged in steel-banded wooden crates or secured to skids.

13.3 The coating shall be suitable for welding as required by ASTM A961, or an
acceptable alternate shall be employed as shown below:

13.3.1 An additional separate strippable coating may be applied over the


welding ends and sealing surfaces. The strippable coating need not be
weldable but shall be capable of easy removal without special tools or
solvents, and shall not leave residue that will interfere with welding or
gasket seating. Examples: filled high-build vinyl or urethane or PVC,
OR

Page 18 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

13.3.2 The Manufacturer may apply tape to the welding ends and sealing
surfaces then seal the tape with a protective coating. Tape shall be
easily removed and leave no residue that interferes with welding or
gasket seating.

Table 5 Materials and Manufacturing Limits

ANSI/ASME Flanges (4)


Strength Marking B, F36 B, F36 B, F36 B, F36 B, F36
ASTM # A105 A350 A350 A266 A266
Grade B LF2 LF2 2 4
Class --- 2 1 --- ---
Material C
A B D E
Code (LT)
C * * * * *
Mn * * * * *
P 0.020 0.020 0.020 0.020 0.020
S 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015
Si * * * * *
Ni * * * * *
Cr * * * * *
Mo * * * * *
Cu * * * * *
Nb/Cb --- * * * *
V * * * * *
N * * * * *
B 0.0005 0.0005 0.0005 0.0005 0.0005
Ca 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005
CE 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43
Supplemental S2.1
S6.3 S6.3 S2 & S9 S2, S9 & S13
Requirements S4.3
UTS ksi * * * * *
YS ksi * * * * *
Elong (%) * * * * *
Red.
* * * * *
Area %
Test Temp. * * * * -45 C
CVN 25/20 ft-lb 25/20 ft-lb
* * *
avg/min (34/27 J) (34/27 J)
Hardness
187 197 197 137-197 137-197
(HB) max.
Heat Treat Normalize Normalize Normalize Normalize Normalize
ASTM GS(7) 6 6 6 6 6

Notes: (1) CE is the carbon equivalent calculated as in paragraph 5.4.3.


(2) Meets or exceeds API SPEC 6A Type 6B PSL2, material class DD & EE, temperature rating L.
For temperatures above 120C see API SPEC 6A, Appendix G.
(3) Meets API SPEC 6A minimum tensile requirement for class 3000, 5000 and 10,000.
(4) Normal ASTM requirements are designated by an asterisk ( * ) while specific Saudi Aramco
requirements are identified.

Page 19 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

(5) Manufacturers choice of heat treatment (not for weld neck flanges). For only swivel ring or lapped
joint backing flanges.
(6) Other ASTM composition restrictions apply as appropriate.
(7) The grain size shall be equal or finer.
(8) Analysis of boron is not required for blind flanges, lap joint flanges and swivel rings (i.e., outer rings).

Table 5 Materials and Manufacturing Limits

ANSI/ASME Flanges (4) API Flanges(2)(4)


Strength Marking F60 F60 F60 F65 F65 F70 F60
ASTM # A350 A707 A707 A859 A350 A707 A707
Grade LF6 L3 L5 A LF787 L5 L3
Class 2 3 3 2 3 4 3
J J K L L M API SPEC 6A
Material Code
(LT) (LT) (LT) (LT) (LT) (LT) J (LT)
C * * * * * * *
Mn * * * * * * *
P 0.020 0.020 0.020 0.020 0.020 0.020 0.020
S 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015
Si * * * * * * *
Ni * * * * * * *
Cr * * * * * * *
Mo * * * * * * *
Cu * * * * * * *
Nb/Cb * * * * * * *
V * * * * * * *
N * * * * * * *
B 0.0005 0.0005 0.0005 0.0005 0.0005 0.0005 0.0005
Ca 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005 0.005
CE 0.43 0.43 --- --- --- --- 0.43
Supplemental
S6.3 S3.3 --- --- S1 --- S3.3
Requirements
UTS ksi * * * * * 90 - 110 85 105 (3)
YS ksi * * * * * 75 - 90 *
Elong (%) * * * * * * *
Red.
* * * * * * *
Area %
Test
* * * * S1.1.1 * *
Temp.
CVN 50/40 ft-lb 50/40 ft-lb 50/40 ft-lb 50/40 ft-lb 50/40 ft-lb 50/40 ft-lb 50/40 ft-lb
avg/min (68/54 J) (68/54 J) (68/54 J) (68/54 J) (68/54 J) (68/54 J) (68/54 J)
Hardness
197 207 207 207 197 207 207
(HB) max.
Heat Treat Q&T Q&T QPH QPH QPH QPH Q&T
ASTM GS(7) 8 8 7 7 7 7 8

Notes: (1) CE is the carbon equivalent calculated as in paragraph 5.4.3.


(2) Meets or exceeds API SPEC 6A Type 6B PSL2, material class DD & EE, temperature rating L.
For temperatures above 120C see API SPEC 6A, Appendix G.
(3) Meets API SPEC 6A minimum tensile requirement for class 3000, 5000 and 10,000.

Page 20 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

(4) Normal ASTM requirements are designated by an asterisk ( * ) while specific Saudi Aramco
requirements are identified.
(5) Swivel rings shall match the strength of the swivel rings.
(6) Other ASTM composition restrictions apply as appropriate.
(7) The grain size shall be equal or finer.
(8) Analysis of boron is not required for blind flanges, lap joint flanges and swivel rings (i.e., outer rings).

Table 5 Materials and Manufacturing Limits


ANSI/ASME Flanges (1) (2)
ASTM # A182 A182 A182 A182
Grade F 11 F 22 F5 F9
Class 2 3 n/a n/a
C * * * *
Mn * * * *
P * * * *
S * * * *
Si * * * *
Ni * * * *
Cr * * * *
Mo * * * *
Cu * * * *
Nb/Cb * * * *
V * * * *
N * * * *
B * * * *
Ca * * * *
CE n/a n/a n/a n/a
Supplemental
--- --- --- ---
Requirements
UTS KSI * * * *
YS KSI * * * *
Elong (%) * * * *
Red. Area * * * *
Test Temp. * * * *
CVN
* * * *
avg/min
Hardness
* * * *
(HB)
Heat Treat N&T N&T N&T N&T
ASTM GS * * * *

Notes:
1) Normal ASTM requirements are designated by an asterisk ( * ) while specific
Saudi Aramco requirements are identified.
2) Other ASTM composition restrictions apply as appropriate.

Page 21 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

Table 5 Materials and Manufacturing Limits

ANSI/ASME Flanges (1) (2)


ASTM # A182 A182 A182 A182 A182 A182
Grade F304L F309 F310 F316L F321 F347
Class n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
C * * * * * *
Mn * * * * * *
P * * * * * *
S * * * * * *
Si * * * * * *
Ni * * * * * *
Cr * * * * * *
Mo * * * * * *
Cu * * * * * *
Nb/Cb * * * * * *
V * * * * * *
N * * * * * *
B * * * * * *
Ca * * * * * *
CE n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
PRE(3) --- --- --- 25.5 --- ---
Supplemental
S4 S4 S4 S4 S4 & S10 S4 & S10
Requirements
UTS KSI * * * * * *
YS KSI * * * * * *
Elong (%) * * * * * *
Red. Area * * * * * *
Test Temp. * * * * * *
CVN
* * * * * *
avg/min
Hardness
* * * * * *
(HB)
Heat Treat * * * * * *
ASTM
* * * * * *
GS (min)

Notes:
1) Normal ASTM requirements are designated by an asterisk ( * ) while specific
Saudi Aramco requirements are identified.
2) Other ASTM composition restrictions apply as appropriate.
3) Minimum Pitting Resistance Equivalent (PRE) = %Cr+3.3 %Mo+16 %N

Page 22 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

Table 5 Materials and Manufacturing Limits

ANSI/ASME Flanges (1) (2)


ASTM # A182 A182 A182 A182 A182 B462 Special(5)
F 44 F 904L F 60 F 53 F 55 Alloy 20 Per
Grade
S31254 N08904 S32205(4) S32750 S32760 N08020 agreement
Class n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a *
C * * * * * * *
Mn * * * * * * *
P * * * * * * *
S * * * * * * *
Si * * * * * * *
Ni * * * * * * *
Cr * * * * * * *
Mo * * * * * * *
Cu * * * * * * *
Nb/Cb * * * * * * *
V * * * * * * *
N * * * * * * *
B * * * * * * *
Ca * * * * * *
CE n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
PRE(3) 42 34 35 42 42 * *
Supplemental S1
--- --- --- --- --- ---
Requirements Practice E
UTS KSI * * * * * * *
YS KSI * * * * * * *
Elong (%) * * * * * * *
Red. Area * * * * * * *
Test Temp. * * -40C -40C -40C * *
CVN 40 ft-lb 40 ft-lb 40 ft-lb
* * * *
avg/min (54 J) min. (54 J) min. (54 J) min.
Hardness max 35 HRC * 28 HRC 32 HRC 32 HRC * *
Heat Treat * * * * * * *
ASTM
n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
GS (min)

Notes:
1) Normal ASTM requirements are designated by an asterisk ( * ) while specific Saudi Aramco
requirements are identified.
2) Other ASTM composition restrictions apply as appropriate.
3) Minimum Pitting Resistance Equivalent (PRE) = %Cr+3.3 %Mo+16 %N
4) Standard DSS with approximately 22% Cr shall be specified as UNS S32205 or as dual certified
UNS S31803/S32205 or F51/F60.
5) Requires the approval of the Chairman of the Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee.
6) HRC refers to Rockwell C hardness scale.

Page 23 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

Table 6 Material Codes and Manufacturing Limits

CLASS 150

NPS T REF B, F36 F60 F65 F70


1-1/2 0.69 ABCD J L M
2 0.75
2-1/2 0.88 "
3 0.94
3-1/2 0.94
4 0.94
6 1.00
8 1.12
10 1.19
12 1.25
14 1.38
16 1.44
18 1.56
20 1.69
22 1.81
24 1.88
26 2.69 BCE
28 2.81
30 2.94
32 3.19
34 3.25
36 3.56
38 3.81
40 4.06
42 4.25
44 4.44
46 4.62
48 4.81
50 4.38
52 4.56
54 4.75
56 4.88
58 5.06
60 5.19

Notes:
SR792 indicates Swivel ring flanges per AA-036792.
LJ438, LJ443 & LJ486 indicate Lap joint flanges per AE-036438 & AC-036443 & AC-036486
respectively.
Material codes, such as A, B and C, are identified in Table 5.

Page 24 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

Table 6 Material Codes and Manufacturing Limits


CLASS 300

NPS T REF B, F36 F60 F65 F70 ** **


1-1/2 0.81 ABCD J L M --- ---
2 0.88 --- ---
2-1/2 1.00 --- ---
3 1.12 --- ---
3-1/2 1.19 --- ---
4 1.25 --- ---
6 1.44 SR792 ---
8 1.62 J ---
10 1.88 ---
12 2.00 ---
14 2.12 ---
16 2.25 ---
18 2.38 ---
20 2.50 ---
22 2.62 ---
24 2.75 BCE ---
LJ486
26 3.12 J
28 3.38
30 3.62
32 3.88
34 4.00
36 4.12
38 4.31
40 4.50
42 4.62
44 4.75
46 4.88
48 5.12
LJ438
50 5.50 K ---
52 5.68 ---
54 6.00 J
56 6.06 ---
58 6.25 ---
60 6.44 J

Notes:
SR792 indicates Swivel ring flanges per AA-036792.
LJ438, LJ443 & LJ486 indicate Lap joint flanges per AE-036438 & AC-036443 & AC-036486 respectively.
Material codes, such as A, B and C, are identified in Table 5.

Page 25 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

Table 6 Material Codes and Manufacturing Limits

CLASS 400

NPS T REF F36 F60 F65 F70


30 4.00 BCE J L M
32 4.25
34 4.35
36 4.50
38 4.75
40 4.88
42 5.12
44 5.38 K
46 5.62
48 5.88
50 6.19 --- --- ---
52 6.38 --- --- ---
54 6.69 --- --- ---
56 6.88 --- --- ---
58 7.00 --- --- ---
60 7.30 --- --- ---

Note: Material codes, such as A, B and C, are identified in Table 5.

Page 26 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

Table 6 Material Codes and Manufacturing Limits

CLASS 600

NPS T REF B, F36 F60 F65 F70 ** **


1-1/2 0.88 ABCD J L M --- ---
2 1.00 --- ---
2-1/2 1.12 --- ---
3 1.25 --- ---
3-1/2 1.38 --- ---
4 1.50 --- ---
6 1.88 --- ---
SR792
8 2.19 J ---
10 2.50 ---
12 2.62 BCE ---
14 2.75 J ---
16 3.00 ---
18 3.25 ---
20 3.50 ---
22 3.75 ---
24 4.00 ---
LJ443
26 4.25 J
28 4.38
30 4.50
32 4.62
34 4.75
36 4.88
38 5.12 K
40 5.38
42 5.50
44 5.69 K
46 5.75
48 6.50
50 7.75 --- --- --- --- ---
52 8.00 --- --- --- --- ---
54 8.25 --- --- --- --- ---
56 8.56 --- --- --- --- ---
58 8.75 --- --- --- --- ---
60 9.19 --- --- --- --- ---

Notes:
SR792 indicates Swivel ring flanges per AA-036792.
LJ438, LJ443 & LJ486 indicate Lap joint flanges per AE-036438 & AC-036443 & AC-036486 respectively.
Material codes, such as A, B and C, are identified in Table 5.

Page 27 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

Table 6 Material Codes and Manufacturing Limits

CLASS 900

NPS T REF B, F36 F60 F65 F70 **


1-1/2 1.25 ABCD J L M ---
2 1.5 ---
2-1/2 1.62 ---
3 1.50 ---
4 1.75 ---
SR792
6 2.19 ---
8 2.50 BCE J
10 2.75
12 3.12
14 3.38
16 3.5
18 4.00
20 4.25
22 5.00
24 5.50
26 5.50 K
28 5.62
30 5.88 K
32 6.25 --- ---
34 6.50 --- ---
36 6.75 --- ---
38 7.50 --- --- --- ---
40 7.75 --- --- --- ---
42 8.12 --- --- --- ---
44 8.44 --- --- --- ---
46 8.88 --- --- --- ---
48 9.19 --- --- --- ---

Notes:
SR792 indicates Swivel ring flanges per AA-036792.
LJ438, LJ443 & LJ486 indicate Lap joint flanges per AE-036438 & AC-036443 & AC-036486 respectively.
Material codes, such as A, B and C, are identified in Table 5.

Page 28 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

Table 6 Material Codes and Manufacturing Limits

CLASS 1500

NPS T REF B, F36 F60 F65 F70 **


1-1/2 1.25 ABCD J L M ---
2 1.50 ---
2-1/2 1.62 ---
3 1.88 ---
4 2.12 ---
6 3.25 BCE ---
SR792
8 3.62 J
10 4.25
12 4.88
14 5.25 K
16 5.75
18 6.38 K
20 7.00
22 7.00
24 8.00
26 Special --- ---
28 --- ---
30 --- ---

Notes:
SR792 indicates Swivel ring flanges per AA-036792.
LJ438, LJ443 & LJ486 indicate Lap joint flanges per AE-036438 & AC-036443 & AC-036486 respectively.
Material codes, such as A, B and C, are identified in Table 5.

Page 29 of 30
Document Responsibility: Materials and Corrosion Control Standards Committee 02-SAMSS-011
Issue Date: 21 June 2011
Next Planned Update: 7 September 2014 Forged Steel and Alloy Flanges

Table 6 Material Codes and Manufacturing Limits

CLASS 2500

NPS T REF B, F36 F60 F65 F70


1-1/2 1.75 ABCD J L M
2 2.00
2-1/2 2.25
3 2.62 BCE
4 3.00
5 3.62
6 4.25
8 5.00
10 6.50
12 7.25

Note: Material codes, such as A, B and C, are identified in Table 5.

Revision Summary
7 September 2009 New Saudi Aramco Materials System Specification.
19 April 2010 Editorial revision to add paragraphs 4.2 and 4.3.
21 June 2011 Minor revision.

Page 30 of 30