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User Manual SRT 1F Synchronous Radio for Trunk Applications UMN 911-362/02C0000 Issue 3, May 2004

User Manual

SRT 1F Synchronous Radio for Trunk Applications

UMN

911-362/02C0000

Issue 3, May 2004

User Manual SRT 1F Synchronous Radio for Trunk Applications UMN 911-362/02C0000 Issue 3, May 2004

UMN

SRT 1F

Copyright (C): Fujitsu/Siemens 2004

Siemens Mobile Communications S.p.A. 2004 V.le Piero e Alberto Pirelli, 10 I-20126 Milano

Issued by Customer Documentation Department S.S. 11 Padana Superiore, km 158 I-20060 Cassina de’ Pecchi MI

DISCLAIMER

Siemens Mobile Communications may have patents, patent applications, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual property rights relevant to the subject matters present in this document.

If not explicitly defined by a license agreement written by Siemens Mobile Communications, the ownership of this document does not give any use license for the above mentioned patents, trademarks, copyrights, or other intellectual properties.

For your convenience, Siemens Mobile Communications may make this document available. The entire risk deriving from the use, or the results of the use, of this document are at user’s charge. The information contained in this document is subjected to changes without notice. Technical specifications and features are binding only insofar as they are specifically and expressly agreed previously in a written contract.

Siemens Mobile Communications gives no assurance relevant to the accuracy of the results or of the output deriving from such information.

In case of utilization of the information transferred by means of this document, we advise You to verify if the export licenses, required by the laws, have been granted or if there are not any other impediments arising from the laws in course in Italy, Germany or relevant to the export.

UMN

Table of Contents

1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION

1-1

1.1

Introduction to the SRT 1F Radio Equipment 1-1

1.2

Equipment Features

1-1

1.3

SRT 1F Equipment Details

1-6

1.3.1

Ordering Guide

1-6

1.3.2

BRU

(Branching Network Unit)

1-16

1.3.2.1

BRU for N+1 or 2x(N+1) Co-Channel - Standard Terminal

1-16

1.3.2.2

BRU for N+1 Double Terminal

1-16

1.3.2.3

BRU for 1+1 Not Expandible Terminal

1-16

1.3.2.4

MSTU (Main Signal Transmission Unit)

1-16

1.3.2.5

SCSU (Supervisory, Control and Switching Unit)

1-17

1.3.2.6

BBIU (Baseband Interface Unit) 1-17

1.4

General Specifications 1-18

1.4.1

General Information

1-18

1.4.2

Transmitter (TX)

1-19

1.4.3

Receiver (RX)

1-23

1.4.4

Modulator (MOD)

1-24

1.4.5

Demodulator (DEM) 1-24

1.4.6

Digital Processing

1-25

1.4.7

Overall

1-27

1.4.8

RF Interference 1-33

1.4.9

Countermeasures to Fading

1-34

1.4.10

Signal Interface for STM-1 System

1-35

1.4.10.1

Base Band Signal Interface

1-35

1.4.10.2

Base Band for Optical STM-1 Interface

1-35

1.4.10.3

Base Band for Electrical STM-1 Interface

1-36

1.4.10.4

Jitter 1-36

1.4.10.5

Alarm Indication Signal (AIS)

1-36

1.4.10.6

BSI 1-37

1.4.11

Auxiliary Signal Interface

1-37

1.4.11.1

Radio User Channel (RUC) 1-37

1.4.11.2

Way Side (WS) 1-37

1.4.11.3

Order Wire (OW)

1-38

1.4.11.4

User Channel (UC)

1-38

1.5

Mechanical Specification 1-39

1.5.1

General 1-39

1.5.2

Rack construction

1-45

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UMN

1.5.2.1

7+1 , 2x(7+1)CC, 3+1DT rack construction 1-45

1.5.2.2

1+1 Not Expandible rack construction 1-46

1.5.3

Inter-Rack Connections

1-46

1.5.4

Rack Layout 1-47

1.5.4.1

N+1 / 2x(N+1)CC TERMINAL

1-47

1.5.4.2

N+1 DOUBLE TERMINAL

1-49

1.5.4.3

1+1 NOT EXPANDIBLE TERMINAL 1-50

1.5.5

Unit Layout 1-51

1.5.5.1

MSTU shelf 1-51

1.5.5.2

SCSU shelf

1-52

1.5.5.3

BBIU shelf 1-53

1.5.5.4

1+1 N.E. shelf

1-54

1.6

Environmental Specification 1-55

1.7

Power Requirements

1-56

1.7.1

General 1-56

1.7.2

Unit Power Consumption

1-56

1.7.3

Overall Consumption

1-57

1.7.3.1

N+1 /2x(N+1)Terminal

1-57

1.7.3.2

2x(N+1)Double Terminal 1-57

1.7.3.3

1+1 N.E. Shelf

1-57

1.8

Frequency Plan and Antenna System 1-58

1.8.1

General Information

1-58

1.8.2

Frequency Plan 1-58

1.8.2.1

U4 GHz Band Frequency Allocation (ITU-R F.382-6) 1-63

1.8.2.2

4 GHz Band Frequency Allocation (ITU-R F. 635-3)

1-64

1.8.2.3

5 GHz Band Frequency Allocation (ITU-R F.1099 Annex-1)

1-65

1.8.2.4

L6 GHz Band Frequency Allocation (ITU-R F. 383-5)

1-66

1.8.2.5

U6 GHz Band Frequency Allocation (ITU-R F. 384-5) 1-67

1.8.2.6

L7 GHz Band Frequency Allocation (ITU-R F. 385-6)

1-68

1.8.2.7

U7 GHz Band Frequency Allocation (ITU-R F. 385-6) 1-69

1.8.2.8

L8 GHz Band Frequency Allocation (ITU-R F. 386-4)

1-70

1.8.2.9

11 GHz Band Frequency Allocation (ITU-R F. 387-6)

1-71

1.8.2.10

11 GHz Band Frequency Allocation (ITU-R F. 387-6 Annex-2)

1-73

1.8.3

13 GHz Band Frequency Allocation (ITU-R F.497-4)

1-75

1.8.4

RF Branching Network

1-76

1.8.4.1

RF Branching Network (7+1) or 2x(7+1)

1-76

1.8.4.2

RF Branching Network (Double Terminal)

1-78

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Table of Contents

1.8.4.3 BRU (1+1 NE) 1-80

2 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION

2-1

2.1

Equipment Configurations and Features 2-1

2.1.1

SRT 1F System

2-1

2.1.1.1

Terminal 2-2

2.1.1.2

Double Terminal

2-4

2.1.1.3

1+1 N.E.Terminal 2-6

2.1.2

Baseband Interface 2-8

2.1.2.1

N+1 / 2x(N+1)

2-8

2.1.2.2

N+1 Double Terminal 2-8

2.1.2.3

1+1 NE

2-8

2.1.3

Alternated and Co-channel Operation 2-9

2.2

STM-1 Signal Transmission 2-16

2.2.1

STM-1 Electrical Signal Interface 2-16

2.2.2

Main Signal Flow (MSTU Function)

2-16

2.2.3

Space Diversity 2-20

2.2.4

MSTU Front Panel

2-21

2.2.4.1

Top View of

MSTU Adapter

2-23

2.2.5

Engineering Orderwire (OW)

2-24

2.2.6

User Channel (UC)

2-25

2.2.7

Radio User Channel (RUC) 2-26

2.2.8

Wayside Traffic (WS) 2-27

2.2.9

Digital Communication Channel (DCC) 2-28

2.3

OverHead Bit Access for SRT 1F System 2-29

2.3.1

MSOH and RSOH 2-30

2.3.2

RFCOH 2-32

2.4

Radio Protection Switch System

2-36

2.4.1

Outline of Radio Protection Switching

2-36

2.4.2

USW and

BSW

2-38

2.4.3

Switching

Priority

2-40

2.4.4

Switching Initiator and Operation Time

2-41

2.4.5

Occasional Traffic (option) 2-42

2.5

Supervisory, Control & Switching Unit (SCSU) 2-43

2.5.1

Signal Interface 2-45

2.5.2

Bipolar Switch (BSW) unit 2-45

2.5.3

Supervisory (SV) unit

2-45

2.5.4

Timing Control Unit (TCU)

2-50

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2.5.5

Housekeeping (HK) unit 2-50

2.5.6

Embedded Communication Unit (ECU) (option) 2-51

2.5.7

Occasional Interface (OCC INTF) unit (option)

2-51

2.5.8

Baseband Switch Interface (BSW INTF) unit (option)

2-52

2.6

Baseband Interface Unit (BBIU) 2-52

2.6.1

Optical Interface (OPT INTF) unit

2-52

2.6.2

MSP SW and BBC 2-56

2.7

Applications

2-59

2.7.1

Co-Channel

Operation

2-59

2.7.2

Synchronization

2-61

2.7.2.1

Synchronization

Source

2-61

2.7.2.2

Synchronization Mode 2-62

2.7.2.3

Clock Mode 2-64

2.7.2.4

Quality Level (S1 byte) 2-64

2.7.2.5

Line Clock Priority 2-65

2.7.3

Orderwire Applications 2-66

2.7.3.1

Orderwire Extension

2-66

2.7.3.2

Digital-Through

2-66

2.7.3.3

Ring Protection

2-66

3

INSTALLATION

 

3-1

3.1

Installation preliminaries\

3-1

3.1.1

Storage, Unpacking and Inspection

3-1

3.1.1.1

Storage 3-1

3.1.1.2

Preparation

3-2

3.1.1.3

Unpacking and Inspection 3-2

3.1.1.4

General

Unpacking Method

3-2

3.1.2

Storage of Spare Units

3-2

3.1.3

Accessories

3-3

3.2

Optical Fiber Cables and Jumpers 3-3

3.2.1

Warning and General Handling 3-3

3.2.1.1

Tools Required

3-3

3.2.1.2

Warning Messages 3-3

3.2.1.3

Storage 3-4

3.2.1.4

Handling

3-4

3.2.2

Connection and Disconnection of Optical Cables 3-6

3.2.2.1

Tools Required

3-6

3.2.2.2

Preparation

3-6

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Table of Contents

3.2.2.3

Connection Procedure

3-6

3.2.2.4

Disconnection Procedure 3-6

3.2.3

Cleaning of Optical Cables and Connectors 3-6

3.2.3.1

Tools Required

 

3-6

3.2.3.2

Procedure

3-7

3.2.4

Inspection of Optical Cables and Connectors

3-7

3.2.4.1

Connector End-face Definitions

3-7

3.2.4.2

End-face Zone Definitions 3-7

3.2.4.3

Defect Definitions 3-8

3.2.4.4

Scratch and Pit Defects

3-8

3.2.4.5

Chip Defects

 

3-9

3.2.4.6

Crack Defects

3-10

3.2.4.7

Tools Required

3-11

3.2.4.8

Procedure

3-11

3.3

Rack Installation

3-11

3.3.1

Precautions 3-11

3.3.1.1

Suitable Places for Equipment Installation

3-11

3.3.2

Safety Measures for Equipment Handling 3-12

3.3.3

Tools Required

 

3-12

3.3.4

Preparation

3-12

3.3.4.1

Bay Mounting 3-13

3.3.4.2

Bay Securing

 

3-13

3.3.5

Rack Configuration

3-14

3.3.5.1

N+1 Terminal configuration 3-15

3.3.5.2

N+1 Double Terminal configuration 3-16

3.3.5.3

1+1 Not expandible configuration 3-17

3.4

N+1/2x(N+1)/N+1 D. T. configuration installation 3-18

3.4.1

Shelf installation 3-18

3.4.2

How to Install Shelves & Units

3-20

3.4.2.1

Preparation of Shelves 3-20

3.4.2.2

Mounting

of

Shelves

3-22

3.4.2.3

Mounting of Slide-In Units 3-24

3.4.3

Inter Shelf Connections 3-28

3.4.3.1

SRT

1F Input

 

3-28

3.4.3.2

Waveguide Connection 3-29

3.4.3.3

Connection of Primary Power Lead 3-32

3.4.3.4

AMP hand Crimping Tool 3-39

Table of Contents

UMN

 

3.4.3.5

Frame Grounding

3-43

3.4.3.6

Waveguide Pressurization and Alarms

3-46

3.4.3.7

Semi-Rigid Coaxial Connectors

3-46

3.4.3.8

Inter shelf Connection for RPS, SV, and DCC

3-49

3.4.3.9

Baseband Signal Cable Connection

3-51

3.4.3.10

Wayside Signal Cable Connection

3-57

3.4.3.11

Inter shelf connection for Co-Channel operation

3-59

3.4.3.12

Inter connection for DCC line through LAN

3-62

3.4.4

Connector and Connector Pin Assignment

3-65

3.4.4.1

Terminal Type

3-65

3.4.4.2

Double Terminal Type

3-82

3.5

1+1 Not Expandible configuration installation

3-92

3.5.1

Shelf installation

3-92

3.5.1.1

RF Port Arrangement

3-92

3.5.1.2

Shelf Dimensions

3-93

3.5.1.3

Port Position

3-94

3.5.1.4

Rack Mount Material

3-95

3.5.1.5

Assembly of SRT1F 1+1 NE shelf in the rack

3-96

3.5.1.6

Assembly of SRT1F 1+1 NE shelf in the rack

3-97

3.5.1.7

Assembly of SRT1F 1+1 NE shelf in the rack

3-98

3.5.2

Connection of Primary Power Lead

3-99

3.5.3

Baseband Signal Cable Connection

3-100

3.5.3.1

STM-1 electrical signal Interface

3-100

3.5.3.2

STM-1 optical signal Interface

3-101

3.5.3.3

Inter shelf connection for Co-Channel operation

3-102

3.5.4

Connector and Connector Pin Assignment

3-103

3.5.4.1

Connector

Layout

3-103

4

ACCEPTANCE AND TURN-UP

4-1

4.1

ACCEPTANCE OF THE SRT 1F

4-1

4.1.1

Perform Overall Visual Inspection

4-1

4.1.2

Check Incoming Power Supply at SRT 1F Rack

4-2

4.1.2.1

Test Equipment Required

4-2

4.1.2.2

Procedure

4-2

4.2

Installation of the SRT 1F Slide-in Units

4-3

4.2.1

Warning Messages

4-3

4.2.1.1

Laser Warning

4-3

4.2.1.2

Electrostatic Discharge Warning

4-3

UMN

Table of Contents

4.2.2

Slide-In Installation Procedures

4-5

4.2.3

Insertion and Removal of Slide-in Units

4-5

4.2.3.1

Inserting a Slide-In Unit

4-6

4.2.3.2

Removing a Slide-In Unit

4-7

4.2.3.3

Removing

an Optical Unit

4-8

4.2.4

Installing

the MSTU Unit

4-9

4.2.5

Installing

SCSU Unit

4-9

4.2.6

Installing BBIU Unit

4-9

4.2.7

Installing the Optical Interface (OPT INTF) Unit

4-9

4.2.7.1

Procedure

4-9

4.3

SRT 1F Acceptance and Turn-Up Tests

4-10

4.3.1

Warning Messages

4-10

4.3.1.1

Laser Warning

4-10

4.3.1.2

Inserting Plug–in Units

4-10

4.3.1.3

Electrostatic Discharge Warning

4-11

4.3.2

SRT 1F In-Station, Inter-Station and End to End Tests

4-12

4.3.3

Test Equipment Required

4-13

4.4

Waveguide and Antenna Alignment Tests

4-14

4.4.1

Waveguide

Sweeping

4-14

4.4.1.1

Procedure for Return Loss Measurement

4-14

4.4.2

Antenna Alignment

4-16

4.4.2.1

AGC Current Monitoring

4-16

4.4.2.2

Antenna XPIC Optimization

4-17

4.4.3

Waveguide Pressurization and Alarms

4-17

4.5

SRT 1F In-Station Performance Tests

4-18

4.5.1

Hardware Settings

4-18

4.5.1.1

Default Values

4-18

4.5.2

Provisioning (Software Settings)

4-18

4.5.2.1

Default Values

4-18

4.5.3

Transmit (TX) Local OSC Frequency

4-19

4.5.3.1

Equipment Required

4-19

4.5.3.2

Specification

4-19

4.5.3.3

Test Procedure

4-21

4.5.4

Transmit Output Power Level

4-22

4.5.4.1

Equipment Required

4-22

4.5.4.2

Specification

4-22

4.5.4.3

Test Procedure

4-22

Table of Contents

UMN

4.5.5

Transmit Spectrum

4-25

4.5.5.1

Equipment Required

4-25

4.5.5.2

Specification

4-25

4.5.5.3

Test Procedure

4-26

4.5.6

Receiver (RX) AGC Range

4-28

4.5.6.1

Equipment Required

4-28

4.5.6.2

Test Procedure

4-28

4.5.7

Optical Output Power Level

4-31

4.5.7.1

Equipment Required

4-31

4.5.7.2

Specification

4-31

4.5.7.3

Test Procedure

4-31

4.5.8

Minimum and Maximum Optical Receive Level

4-34

4.5.8.1

Test Procedure

4-34

4.5.9

External Clock Supply

4-36

4.5.9.1

Warning Messages

4-36

4.5.9.2

Test Procedure

4-36

4.5.10

Rack Alarm Test

4-39

4.5.10.1

Equipment Required

4-39

4.5.10.2

Test procedure

4-39

4.5.10.3

Interface Specification

4-39

4.6

SRT 1F Inter-Station Tests

4-41

4.6.1

Receive (RX) Signal Level

4-41

4.6.1.1

Equipment Required

4-41

4.6.1.2

Test Procedure

4-41

4.6.2

IF FREQUENCY RESPONSE

4-42

4.6.3

SPACE DIVERSITY EQUALIZATION

4-46

4.6.4

ATPC Test (End to End LAB Test)

4-51

4.6.4.1

Equipment Required

4-51

4.6.4.2

Test

Procedure

4-51

4.7

SRT 1F End to End Station Performance Tests

4-54

4.7.1

Remote NE Management via DCC

4-54

4.7.1.1

DCC configuration

4-54

4.7.1.2

Test

4-56

4.7.2

Radio Protection Switch (RPS) Test

4-58

4.7.2.1

Equipment Required

4-58

4.7.2.2

Test

Procedure

4-58

4.7.3

Way

Side Test

4-61

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Table of Contents

 

4.7.3.1

Equipment Required

4-61

4.7.3.2

Way Side Transmission Test

4-61

4.7.4

BER Characteristics Test (Lab Test) 4-64

4.7.4.1

Equipment Required

4-64

4.7.4.2

Specification

4-64

4.7.5

BACKGROUND BER TEST 4-68

4.7.6

Synchronization

4-70

4.7.6.1

Clock Sources selection 4-70

4.7.6.2

Test

4-72

4.7.7

MSP Switching Test 4-73

4.7.7.1

Test Procedure

4-73

4.8

Appendix 4-75

4.8.1

MSTU

Setting

4-75

4.8.1.1

MSTU

Front Panel

4-76

4.8.1.2

DADE

setting for SD

4-79

4.8.2

Hardware Setting

4-81

4.8.2.1

SV unit 4-83

4.8.2.2

TCU

unit

(002AA): N+1 Terminal

4-84

4.8.2.3

TCU unit (003AA): Double Terminal 4-85

4.8.2.4

BSW unit

4-86

4.8.2.5

OCC INTF unit 4-87

4.8.2.6

PE INTF unit

4-88

4.8.3

Provisioning through LCT

4-89

5

OPERATION & MAINTENANCE

5-2

5.1

LED Indications 5-2

5.2

LCT 5-6

5.2.1

Start-up LCT Operation 5-7

5.2.2

Alarm (Condition) Type and Description

5-12

5.2.3

Performance Monitor

5-20

5.2.4

Analog Monitor 5-23

5.2.5

Radio Section Physical Interface (RSPI) 5-25

5.3

Radio Protection Switch 5-26

5.3.1

Automatic Switching and Status Indication 5-28

5.3.2

Manual Control

5-28

5.3.3

SW PM Data 5-29

5.3.4

Auto Refresh 5-29

5.3.5

Notice for RPS Operation

5-30

Table of Contents

UMN

5.3.5.1

Power off of SCSU 5-30

5.3.5.2

Lockout 5-30

5.3.5.3

Power off of MSTU

5-30

5.4

Maintenance Control of Other Functions 5-31

5.4.1

Loop Back 5-31

5.4.2

Protection Switch Operation (MSP) 5-33

5.4.2.1

Multiplex Section Protection 5-33

5.4.2.2

TCU unit

Protection

5-33

5.4.2.3

Synch Switch

5-33

5.4.3

ALS Release 5-34

5.5

Unit

Replacement

5-35

5.5.1

Fan

Replacement

5-35

5.5.2

MSTU and Other Units 5-37

5.5.3

SV unit Replacement

5-38

5.5.4

Returning Replaced Unit 5-41

5.6

APPENDIX 5-43

5.6.1

LCT Command Tree and Functions 5-43

A APPENDIX 1

A.1 Abbreviation of SRT 1F Terms 1

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION

1.1 Introduction to the SRT 1F Radio Equipment

The SRT 1F series radio equipment is a high capacity (155 Mbit/s STM- 1) system designed for trunk line transmission applications.

The SRT 1F series operate in the 4/5/U6/11 GHz radio frequency bands with 40 MHz frequency spacing, and in the U4/L6/7/L8/13 GHz radio frequency bands with 28.00, 29.00 and 29.65 MHz frequency spacing. The equipment is fully solid state and is designed to meet ITU-T and ITU-R Recommendations for long haul and high capacity digital microwave radio systems. The modulation scheme used is 64/128 QAM Multi-Level Coded Modulation (MLCM) with forward error correction.

The SRT 1F can be used in various types of SDH networks such as ring, media diversity or linear configurations, and over various communication routes , i.e., waterways, mountains, inter or intra-city routes.

The SRT 1F accepts one synchronous 155 Mb/s (STM-1) signal per RF frequency for alternated operation, or two synchronous 155 Mb/s (STM- 1) signals per RF frequency for co-channel operation.

The protection schemes are:

Alternated Operation: N+1 / 1+1N.E. / N+1D.T.

Co-Channel Operation: 2x(N+1) / 1+1N.E./ 2x(N+1)D.T.

Various optional functions are provided, such as 2 Mb/s wayside traffic (carried by RFCOH and SOH respectively) and digital service channels (carried by RFCOH). Each RF channel can carry two wayside signals plus two digital service channels, and all protected by the N+1 Radio Protection System (RPS).

1.2 Equipment Features

The main features of the SRT 1F series radio equipment are;

Completely solid-state

Fully SDH (Synchronous Digital Hierarchy) compatible digital radio.

Interconnectabilityy with other manufacturers’ SDH transmission equipment available. (Further study might be necessary for undefined overhead bytes,etc.)

SDH STM-1 optical interface available as an option.

1+1

Section

protected

STM-1

optical

interface

for

Multiplex

Protection (MSP).

Section overhead (SOH) bits insertion/extraction at both terminal and repeater stations, the same as for SDH optical fiber transmission systems.

High power amplifier using GaAs Field Effect Transistor (GaAs FET)

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

Low power consumption of the RF High Power Amplifier using IF pre-distortion linearity compensation.

Automatic Transmit Power Control (ATPC) is available as standard configuration.

Low noise amplifier using High Electron Mobility Transistor (HEMT) with a noise figure of 1.5 dB (typical) for 4-6 GHz band.

High spectral efficiency of 8.5 bits/sec/Hz using 64 QAM Multi-Level Coded Modulation (64 QAM MLCM) and 11.4 bits/sec/Hz using 128 QAM Multi-Level Coded Modulation (128 QAM MLCM) for co- channel operation.

High efficiency error correction using Multi-Level Coded Modulation (MLCM).

Super high density packaging:

Eight (8) complete SDH radio system including Synchronous Equipment Management Function (SEMF) are mounted in one ETSI rack (2200×600×300 mm).

Space diversity reception is available as a standard function (by software-based). In-Phase (IP) combiner is used.

Adaptive demodulator with fully digital linear transversal equalizer (TVE) with decision feedback equalizer (DFE).

Errorless protection switching with early warning detection on fading.

Radio user channel (RUC) for a maximum of 2 channels using RFCOH. Signal interfaces are available for both VF and 64 kb/s signal. 64 kb/s signal interface complies with ITU-T recommendation G.703 for co-directional or contra-directional interface.

One user channel using F1 byte of SOH per STM-1 is also available.

Two 2 Mb/s wayside traffic channels using SOH and RFCOH are available.

Event management facility:

Alarms and status of the equipment is reported by the SEMF (Synchronous Equipment Management Function) using the Data Communication Channel (DCC)

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Performance management facility:

Traffic performance of each hop and of each end-to-end can be monitored on each RF channel. Monitoring items are BBE (Background Block Error), BBER (Background Block Error Ratio), ES(Errored Seconds), ESR(Errored Second Ratio), SES (Severely Error Seconds), SESR (Severely Error Second Ratio), UAS (UnAvailable Seconds) and OFS (Out of Frame Second), number of pointer change and number of MSP and RPS switching.

Configuration management facility:

NE configuration is retrieved by the network management terminal and items such as NE ID, and alarm thresholds can be set as “provisioning”.

Resource management facility:

Physical inventory such as unit name, can be read by the SEMF.

Security management:

Several maintenance levels are provided to avoid malfunction.

LCT is the local terminal for network element (NE) windows NT based.

Software download (SWDL) facility:

Firmware used for SRT 1F operation can be remotely downloaded from the network management terminal.

Repeater hardware configuration:

Repeater stations and terminals have the same configuration.

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

SDH MUX SDH MUX SDH Radio SDH Radio SDH MUX LTE ADM 1+N 1+N LTE
SDH MUX
SDH MUX
SDH Radio
SDH Radio
SDH MUX
LTE
ADM
1+N
1+N
LTE
MS Mode
MS Mode
Tributary
Tributary
Tributary
MS MS MS MS
MS
MS
MS
MS

Note:

MS : Multiplex Section RS : Regenerator Section

LTE : Line Terminal Equipment ADM : Add Drop Multiplexer

Network feature : Multiplex Section Protection (MSP) with Section Adaption (SA).

Figure 1-1 - Linear Configuration

SDH MUX SDH MUX SDH MUX LTE ADM LTE SDH Radio 1+N or 0+1 MS
SDH MUX
SDH MUX
SDH MUX
LTE
ADM
LTE
SDH Radio
1+N or 0+1
MS Mode
SDH Radio
1+N or 0+1
MS Mode
Tributary
Tributary
Tributary
MS
MS
MS
MS

Network feature : Network protection switching with media diversity

Figure 1-2 - Media Diversity Configuration

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

MS MS Tributary SDH MUX ADM SDH MUX SDH MUX ADM ADM Tributary Tributary SDH
MS
MS
Tributary
SDH MUX
ADM
SDH MUX
SDH MUX
ADM
ADM
Tributary
Tributary
SDH Radio
1+N or 0+1
MS Mode
SDH Radio
1+N or 0+1
MS Mode
MS
MS
MS

Network feature : Network protection switching with ring operation

Figure 1-3 - Standard Ring Configuration MS MS Tributary SDH MUX ADM SDH MUX SDH
Figure 1-3 - Standard Ring Configuration
MS
MS
Tributary
SDH MUX
ADM
SDH MUX
SDH MUX
ADM
ADM
Tributary
Tributary
MS
MS
Double Terminal
SDH
1+N
SDH
Radio
1+N sys A
SDH
Radio
1+N sys B
SDH
Radio
Radio
1+N
MS Mode
MS Mode
MS Mode
MS Mode
MS
MS

Network feature : Network protection switching with ring operation

Figure 1-4 - Standard Ring Configuration with double terminal solution

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

1.3 SRT 1F Equipment Details

1.3.1 Ordering Guide

Assembling an SRT 1F rack means having to select the proper equipment from the ordering guide. Please contact Siemens’s Sales and Marketing dept. for the current ordering guide.

Table 1.1 – SRT-1F Available Configurations

Ref.

Configuration description

Standard

Space

model

Diversity

model

Figure 1-5

(N+1, N=max. 7) SRT 1F Terminal Radio Equipment, Alterned Operation

x

x

Figure 1-6

2 x (N+1, N=max. 7) SRT 1F Terminal Radio Equipment, Co-Channel Operation

x

x

Figure 1-7

(N+1, N=max. 3) SRT 1F Double Terminal Radio Equipment, Alterned Operation (For East & West separate configuration)

x

x

Figure 1-9

2x(N+1, N=max. 3) SRT 1F Double Terminal Radio Equipment, Alterned Operation (Repeater configuration) or Co-Channel operation

x

x

Figure 1-12

1+0 Not Expadible Unprotected Operation Equipment

x

x

Figure 1-13

1+1 Not Expadible Alternated Operation Equipment

x

x

Figure 1-14

1+1 Not Expadible Co-Channel Operation Equipment

x

x

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Figure 1-5 shows the configuration of an (N+1) SRT 1F terminal equipment.

SRT 1F Terminal Equipment Rack (N+1) Alternated Operation

: ETSI Rack

x 1

: BRU MSTU : SCSU : SV BSW TCU HK ECU OCC INTF BBIU
:
BRU
MSTU
:
SCSU
:
SV
BSW
TCU
HK
ECU
OCC INTF
BBIU
BBC
BBC

RF Branching Network Unit Shelf RF Branching Network Circuit

Main Signal Transmission Unit

x 1 x (Main CHs + Prot)

x (Main CHs + Prot)

x 1

Supervisory, Control, & Switching Unit Subrack

:: SupervisorySupervisory UnitUnit x 1x 1

: Base-Band Switch Unit

: Timing Control Unit

x (Main CHs)

x 1 ( + 1 as option)

: Housekeeping Unit (option)

x 2 max.

: Embedded Communication Unit (option)

x 2 max.

: Occasional traffic Interface Unit (option)

x 1

: Base-Band Control Unit

: Optical Interface Unit

x 1

x (Main CHs)

OPT INTF

MSP SW

For usage of MSP x (2 Main CHs)

: Multiplex Section Protection SW Unit for OPT INTF x (Main CHs)

Figure 1-5 - (N+1, N = max. 7) SRT 1F Terminal Radio Equipment, Alternated Operation

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

Figure 1-6 shows the configuration of an SRT 1F terminal radio equipment operating in the 2×(N+1) co-channel operation mode. One rack is used for vertical polarization, another for horizontal polarization.

SRT 1F Terminal Equipment Rack (N+1) Co-Channel Operation

: ETSI Rack

x 2

: BRU MSTU : SCSU : SV BSW TCU BSW INTF HK ECU OCC INTF
:
BRU
MSTU
:
SCSU
:
SV
BSW
TCU
BSW INTF
HK
ECU
OCC INTF
BBIU
BBC

OPT INTF

MSP SW

RF Branching Network Unit Shelf RF Branching Network Circuit

Main Signal Transmission Unit

x 2 x (Main CHs + Prot) x 2

x (Main CHs + Prot) x 2

x 2

Supervisory, Control, & Switching Unit

:: SupervisorySupervisory UnitUnit x 1x 1

: Base-Band Switch Unit

: Timing Control Unit

: BSW Interface

x (Main CHs)

x 1 ( + 1 as option)

x 1 for RPS Group 2

x 2 max.

: Housekeeping Unit

: Embedded Communication Unit(option)

x 2 max.

: Occasional traffic Interface Unit(option)

x 2 max.

x 2

x 2

x (Main CHs)

: Base-Band Interface Unit (option)

: Base-Band Control Unit

: Optical Interface Unit

For usage of MSP x (2 Main CHs)

: Multiplex Section Protection SW Unit for OPT INTF x (Main CHs)

Figure 1-6 - 2 x (N+1, N = max. 7) SRT 1F Terminal Radio Equipment, Co-Channel Operation

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Figure 1-7 shows the configuration of SRT 1F Double Terminal equipment, operating in (N+1) alternated operation for example ( East & West separate configuration) see Figure 1-8. Maximum number of N is

3.

A single rack is used for east side or west side as a terminal station.

For the terminal use, users can order equipment with one side system installed (NE-A or NE-B).

Ordering another NE in the blank portion at a later time is possible, e.g. route extension etc.

SRT 1F Double Terminal Equipment Rack (N+1) Alternated Operation : ETSI Rack x 1 BRU
SRT 1F Double Terminal
Equipment Rack
(N+1) Alternated Operation
: ETSI Rack
x 1
BRU
: RF Branching Network Unit Shelf
x 1
MSTU
: Main Signal Transmission Unit
x (Main CHs + Prot CH)
SCSU
: Supervisory, Control, & Switching Unit
x 1
SV
: Supervisory Unit
x 1
BSW
: Base-Band Switch Unit
x (Main CHs)
TCU
: Timing Control Unit
x 1
HK
: Housekeeping Unit (option)
x 1
OCC INTF
: Occasional traffic Interface Unit (option)
x 1

Figure 1-7 - SRT 1F Double Terminal Radio Equipment, (East & West NE’s in rack for separate configuration)

(3+1) (1+1) NE-A NE-B Double Terminal East West ADM P W1 W2 W3 P W1
(3+1)
(1+1)
NE-A
NE-B
Double Terminal
East
West
ADM
P
W1
W2
W3
P
W1
W2
W3
P
W1
P
W1

Figure 1-8 - Example of East & West application

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

Figure 1-9 shows the configuration of SRT 1F Double Terminal equipment for repeater use, operating in 2×(N+1) alternated or co- channel operation,

Figure 1-10. shows 2×(N+1) alternated operation for repeater configuration (Maximum number of N is 3).

Figure 1-11. shows 2×(N+1) co-channel operation (Maximum number of

N is 3).

A single rack is used for both east side and west side circuits for floor

space saving.

For the repeater use, installed together.

is required to order both NE-A and NE-B

it

SRT 1F Double Terminal Equipment Rack 2x(N+1) Alternated Operation or 2x(N+1) Co-Channel Operation : ETSI
SRT 1F Double Terminal
Equipment Rack
2x(N+1) Alternated Operation
or
2x(N+1) Co-Channel Operation
: ETSI Rack
x 1
BRU
: RF Branching Network Unit Shelf
x 1
(Including 2 circuits of RF Branching Network)
MSTU
: Main Signal Transmission Unit
x (Main CHs + Prot CHs)
SCSU
: Supervisory, Control, & Switching Unit
x 1
SV
: Supervisory Unit
x 2
BSW
: Base-Band Switch Unit
x (Main CHs)
TCU
: Timing Control Unit
x 2
HK
: Housekeeping Unit (option)
x 2
OCC INTF
: Occasional traffic Interface Unit (option)
x 2

Figure 1-9 - 2x(N+1) SRT 1F Double Terminal equipment –Alternated Opertaion / Co- Channel Operation

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

(2+1) (2+1) NE-A NE-B Double Terminal P W1 W2 P W1 W2 P W1 W2
(2+1)
(2+1)
NE-A
NE-B
Double Terminal
P
W1
W2
P
W1
W2
P
W1
W2
P
W1
W2
Back to Back Repeater
Back to Back Repeater

Figure 1-10 - Example of Back to Back (Repeater) application

(V) (V) (H) (H) NE-A NE-B NE-A NE-B Double Terminal Double Terminal 2x(2+1) Co-Channel 2x(2+1)
(V)
(V)
(H)
(H)
NE-A
NE-B
NE-A
NE-B
Double Terminal
Double Terminal
2x(2+1) Co-Channel
2x(2+1) Co-Channel
P
W1
W2
P
W1
W2
P
W1
W2
P
W1
W2

Figure 1-11 - Example of Double Terminal Co-Channel application

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

Assembling an SRT 1F (1+1 NOT-EXPANDIBLE) requires the selection of approriate equipment from the ordering guide.

Figure 1-12 shows the configuration of an SRT 1F terminal radio equipment operating in the 1+0 unprotected. See note on 1-15

SRT 1F (1+0) Unprotected SHELF BRU MSTU SV BSW TCU OPT CONV OCC INTF OPT
SRT 1F (1+0)
Unprotected
SHELF
BRU
MSTU
SV
BSW
TCU
OPT CONV
OCC INTF
OPT OCC
MOUNT KIT

: Shelf for Non-Expandible model x 1

: RF Branching Network Unit Shelf x 1 (including RF Band Pass Filters)

: Main Signal Transmission Unit x 1

: Supervisory Unit x 1

: Base-Band Switch Unit x 1

: Timing Control Unit x 1

: Optical Interface Converter (option) x 1

: Occasional traffic Interface Unit(option) x 1

: Occasional Interface for Optics (option) x 1

PORT ADPT : RF Port Adapter (option) x 1

: Mount Kit (option) x 1

BLANC CARD
BLANC CARD

: Blank Card (option) x 1 (with spare channel termination)

Figure 1-12 – 1+0 N.E. Uprotected Equipment

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Figure 1-13 shows the configuration of an SRT 1F terminal radio equipment operating in the (1+1) alternated operation (Frequency Diversity). See note on page 1-15.

SRT 1F (1+1) Frequency Diversity SHELF BRU MSTU SV BSW TCU OPT CONV OCC INTF
SRT 1F (1+1)
Frequency Diversity
SHELF
BRU
MSTU
SV
BSW
TCU
OPT CONV
OCC INTF
OPT OCC
MOUNT KIT

: Shelf for Non-Expandible model x 1

: RF Branching Network Unit Shelf x 1 (including RF Band Pass Filters)

: Main Signal Transmission Unit x 2

: Supervisory Unit x 1

: Base-Band Switch Unit x 1

: Timing Control Unit x 1

: Optical Interface Converter (option) x 1

: Occasional traffic Interface Unit(option) x 1

: Occasional Interface for Optics (option) x 1

PORT ADPT : RF Port Adapter (option) x 1

: Mount Kit (option) x 1

BLANC CARD
BLANC CARD

: Blank Card (option) x 1 (with spare channel termination)

Figure 1-13 – 1+1 N.E. Alternated Operation (Frequency Diversity) Equipment

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

Figure 1-14 shows the configuration of an SRT 1F terminal radio equipment operating in the (1+1) Co-Channel operation both V an H polarization is used in an equipment. See note on page 1-15

SRT 1F (1+1) Co-Channel SHELF BRU MSTU SV BSW TCU OPT CONV OCC INTF OPT
SRT 1F (1+1)
Co-Channel
SHELF
BRU
MSTU
SV
BSW
TCU
OPT CONV
OCC INTF
OPT OCC
MOUNT KIT

: Shelf for Non-Expandible model x 1

: RF Branching Network Unit Shelf x 1 (including RF Band Pass Filters)

: Main Signal Transmission Unit x 2 (with XPIC model)

: Supervisory Unit x 1

: Base-Band Switch Unit x 1

: Timing Control Unit x 1

: Optical Interface Converter (option) x 1

: Occasional traffic Interface Unit(option) x 1

: Occasional Interface for Optics (option) x 1

PORT ADPT : RF Port Adapter (option) x 1

: Mount Kit (option) x 1

BLANC CARD
BLANC CARD

: Blank Card (option) x 1 (with spare channel termination)

Figure 1-14 – 1+1 N.E. Co-Channel Operation Equipment

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

Note : 1+1NE Systems consists of one shelf only. The units are the same units of the other systems unless:

OPT CONV (Occasional Interface Converter) OPT CONV is an option card exclusive designed for SRT 1F 1+1 NOT-EXPANDIBLE model that translate the STM-1 signal interface between Electrical interface and Optical interface. This card is a simple media converter without MSP function.

RPS system configuration: Number of operating RF channels

OPT OCC is an option card exclusive designed for SRT 1F 1+1 NOT- EXPANDIBLE model that provide an optical interface for occasional traffic. This card is a simple media converter without MSP function.

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

1.3.2 BRU (Branching Network Unit)

1.3.2.1 BRU for N+1 or 2x(N+1) Co-Channel - Standard Terminal

To define the BRU, the following requirements must be detailed:

i) Operating frequency band

ii) Assigned RF channel number and frequency

iii) System configuration (1+0, 1+1, 2+1,

iv) Operating mode: alternated operation or co-channel operation

v) With SD (Space Diversity) or without SD

, 7+1)

1.3.2.2 BRU for N+1 Double Terminal

Same as SRT 1F Standard Terminal, antenna connections are phisically limited to maximum 4 ports on rack.

1.3.2.3 BRU for 1+1 Not Expandible Terminal

From physical restriction, basically the SRT 1F 1+1 Not-Expandible model can equip maximum three (3) filter bodies each of wich contains a pair of two frequency channels.

The available configurations are:

i) 1+1 Configuration with Regular-Pair-Channels / Single Polarization

ii) 1+1 Configuration with Irregular-Pair-Channels / Single Polarization

iii) 1+1 Co-Channel Configuration with T&R-Filters / Double Polarization

iv) 1+1 Configuration with T&R-Filters Regular-Pair-Channels / Double Polarization

v) 1+1 Configuration with T&R-Filters Irregular-Pair-Channels / Double Polarization

1.3.2.4 MSTU (Main Signal Transmission Unit)

To define the MSTU, the following requirements must be detailed:

i) Operating frequency band

ii) Assigned RF channel number and frequency

iii) Operating mode: alternated operation or co-channel operation

Note: SD receiver circuit is equipped as a standard circuit on the SRT 1F receiver.

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

1.3.2.5 SCSU (Supervisory, Control and Switching Unit)

To define the SCSU, the following requirements must be detailed:

i) RPS system configuration: Number of operating RF channels

ii) Operating mode: alternated operation or co-channel operation

iii) Required optional unit name, such as ECU, HK, TCU, OCC INTF, and its quantity.

iv) Sub-module of SV unit for RUC (VF, Digital interface or none)

1.3.2.6 BBIU (Baseband Interface Unit)

To define the BBIU, the following requirements must be detailed:

i) RPS system configuration: Number of operating RF channels

ii) Operating mode: alternated operation or co-channel operation

iii) Requirement for MSP function.

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

1.4 General Specifications

1.4.1 General Information

Table 1.2 - General Specifications

 

Description

Modulation

64 state Quadrature Amplitude Modulation with Multi Level Coded Modulation type FEC (64 QAM MLCM) for 4/5/U6/11 GHz band

128 state Quadrature Amplitude Modulation with Multi Level Coded Modulation type FEC (128 QAM MLCM) for U4/L6/7/L8/13 GHz band

Capacity

Alternated operation One (1) STM-1 (155.52 Mbit/s) signal per RF frequency

Co-channel operation Two (2) STM-1 (155.52 Mbit/s) signal per RF frequency

Auxiliary signal Wayside traffic (2.048 Mb/s) Maximum 2 channels per STM-1 by using RFCOH and SOH. alternated operation and 2 x (N+1) co-channel operation

Radio User Channel (64 kb/s) Maximum 2 channels per system using RFCOH for N+1 Maximum 2 channels for N+1 alternated operation or Maximum 2 x 2 channels for 2 x (N+1) co-channel operation

User Channel (SOH, 64 kb/s) One (1) channel per STM-1 using SOH Maximum N channels for N+1 alternated operation or Maximum 2N channels for 2 x (N+1) co-channel operation

Repeating Method

Terminal (back to back connection)

Overhead Byte

Same insertion/extraction method as for SDH fibre optic transmission system for terminal and repeater station

Access

RS Section

A1, A2, C1, B1, E1, F1, D1–D3 byte

MS Section B2, K1, K2, D4–D12 and E2, M1 and S1 byte.

Hypothetical

In accordance with the latest ITU-R recommendation

Reference Digital

Path (HRDP)

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

1.4.2 Transmitter (TX)

Table 1.3 - Transmitter section

   

Description

Output power

+32/29 dBm±1 dB for 4-L8GHz band +29 dBm±1 dB for 11GHz band +27 dBm±1 dB for 13GHz band measured at MSTU unit output

Linearity

Linearizer circuit is employed to maintain optimum linearity

compensation

Local carrier

RF band oscillation With PLL Synthesizer type, frequency pre-settable Coverage of upper or lower half of the corresponding band (quarter band for 11 and 13GHz).

Local Frequency

Within ± 10 ppm

stability

Spurious emission

For unmodulated carrier measured at duplexer output

< –60 dBm in the frequency range 30.0 MHz to 21.2 GHz

< –30 dBm in the frequency range 21.2 GHz to 40.0 GHz

IF

1st IF:

70 MHz

2nd IF: 844 MHz

IF input

Signal level: –10 dBm nominal

(Test In)

Variation:

±1 dB

Impedance:

75 ohm unbalanced

Return loss:

> 20 dB/ 70 MHz ±13 MHz for 64 QAM > 20 dB/ 70 MHz ±11 MHz for 128 QAM

RF filter

Chebycheff type

3 dB bandwidth: 40 MHz for 64 QAM 30 MHz for 128 QAM

ATPC

Automatic transmit power control (ATPC) is standard. Power control

level:

10 dB

Response time:

100 ms Received signal threshold detection

Control initiation:

Transmitted output spectrum

64 MLCM:

Figure 1-15

128

MLCM:

Figure 1-16

 

128

MLCM:

Figure 1-17

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

+1

0

-10

-20

-30

-40

-50

-60

-70

-80

-90

-100

14MHz +1dB 19.5MHz -10dB 24MHz -35dB 39.5MHz -65dB 55MHz -95dB 0 5 10 15 20
14MHz
+1dB
19.5MHz
-10dB
24MHz
-35dB
39.5MHz
-65dB
55MHz
-95dB
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
100

RF frequency (MHz)

Figure 1-15 Transmitter output spectrum

(64QAM system, 40 MHz spacing)

(Exclude emissions which result from the modulation process)

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

+2

0

-10

-20

-30

-40

-50

-60

-70

-80

-90

-100

-110

12MHz +2dB 14.5MHz 18MHz -6dB -32dB 17MHz -32dB 22MHz -45dB 34MHz -65dB 60MHz -105dB 32MHz
12MHz
+2dB
14.5MHz
18MHz
-6dB
-32dB
17MHz
-32dB
22MHz
-45dB
34MHz
-65dB
60MHz
-105dB
32MHz
-85dB
40MHz
-95dB
0
5
10
15
20
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
7

RF frequency (MHz)

Figure 1-16 Transmitter output spectrum

(128QAM system, 29 / 29.65 MHz spacing)

(Exclude emissions which result from the modulation process)

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

+1

0

-10

-20

-30

-40

-50

-60

-70

-80

13MHz +1dB 21MHz -35dB 20MHz -35dB 29.5MHz -65dB 0 5 10 15 20 25 30
13MHz
+1dB
21MHz
-35dB
20MHz
-35dB
29.5MHz
-65dB
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
55
60
65
70

RF frequency (MHz)

Figure 1-17 Transmitter output spectrum

(128QAM system, 28 MHz spacing)

(Exclude emissions which result from the modulation process)

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

1.4.3 Receiver (RX)

Table 1.4 - Receiver section

   

Description

Noise figure

 

1.5

dB typical

(for 4 ~ 6 GHz band) (for 4 ~ 6 GHz band (for 7 ~ 8 GHz band) (for 7 ~ 8 GHz band) (for 11 GHz band) (for 11 GHz band) (for 13 GHz band) (for 13 GHz band)

(Note 1)

2.0

dB guaranteed

2.0

dB typical

2.5

dB guaranteed

2.5

dB typical

3.0

dB guaranteed

4.0

dB typical

4.5

dB guaranteed

Note 1: Noise figure is measured at the MSTU unit input on both the main and SD receiver, independently, and at maximum IF amplifier gain.

Local carrier

RF band oscillation with PLL Synthesizer type, frequency pre-settable Half band coverage on lower or upper half of the corresponding band (quarter band for 11 and 13 GHz band).

Spurious emission

For unmodulated carrier measured at duplexer output

< –60 dBm in the frequency range 30.0 MHz to 21.2 GHz

< –30 dBm in the frequency range 21.2 GHz to 40.0 GHz

Local Frequency stability

Within ±10 ppm (11 GHz)

 

Image rejection

More than 100 dB with RX BPF measured at the MSTU output when the image and main signal levels are equal, and with unmodulated carrier.

Normal received power

–32 to –55 dBm

 

Received input range

Maximum level:

–17 dBm

 

(for BER at

1 x 10 3 )

Minimum level:

–74.5 dBm for 64QAM –72.0 dBm for 128QAM

AGC dynamic range

–17 to –77 dBm measured at MSTU input

IF

1st IF:

70MHz

 

2nd IF: 844MHz

IF output (70 MHz) (Test Out)

Signal level: –10 dBm nominal, +l dB/–2 dB variation for –17 to –77 dBm modulated RX input

Impedance :

75 ohm unbalanced

 

Return loss : > 20 dB/ 70 MHz

±13 MHz for 64 QAM ±11 MHz for 128 QAM

 

Measured at the MSTU unit monitoring point.

RF filter

Chebycheff type

 

3

dB bandwidth:

40 MHz for 64 QAM 30 MHz for 128 QAM

IF filter

Butterworth type

 

3

dB bandwidth 40 MHz

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

1.4.4 Modulator (MOD)

Table 1.5 - Modulation

   

Description

Modulation

For 40 MHz Channel spacing:

64-state Quadrature Amplitude Modulation with Multi-Level Coded Modulation type FEC (64 QAM MLCM) For 28/29/29.65/30 MHz Channel spacing:

128-state Quadrature Amplitude Modulation with Multi-Level Coded Modulation type FEC (128 QAM MLCM)

Spectrum shaping

35

% raised cosine roll-off factor for 64 QAM MLCM

or 25 % raised cosine roll-off factor for 128 QAM MLCM

Spectrum shaping is root Nyquist distribution.

Local carrier

Crystal oscillator (XO)

Local frequency

Within ± 15 ppm

stability

IF

70

MHz

1.4.5 Demodulator (DEM)

Table 1.6 - Demodulation

   

Description

Demodulation

Coherent detection/instantaneous decision

Spectrum shaping

35

% raised cosine roll-off factor for 64 QAM MLCM

or 25 % raised cosine roll-off factor for 128 QAM MLCM

Spectrum shaping is root Nyquist distribution.

IF

70

MHz

Adaptive equalizer in baseband

10-tap linear transversal equalizer (TVE) and 10-tap decision feedback equalizer (DFE)

Adaptive equalizer in IF

Slope equalizer

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

1.4.6 Digital Processing

Table 1.7 - Digital Processing

 

Description

SDH Electrical

CMI-to-unipolar conversion

interface

Unipolar-to-CMI conversion

Frame synchronization to STM-1 frame

Section Adaptation (change the pointer)

Scrambler/descrambler

Addition/drop of section Overhead bit (1) Framing bit (A1, A2) (2) Regenerator section party (B1) (3) Network management for regenerator section (D1 to D3) (4) Regenerator section orderwire (E1) (5) User channel (F1) (6) Multiplex section Parity (B2) (7) Network management for multiplex section (D4 to D12) (8) Multiplex section orderwire (E2) (9) AIS, FERF (K1, K2) (10) Section trace (J0) (11) Far End Block Error (M1) (12) Synchronization status byte (S1)

SDH optical interface

Optical-to-electrical conversion

Electrical-to-optical conversion

Frame synchronization to STM-1 frame

Section Adaptation (change the pointer)

Scrambler/descrambler

Addition/drop of section Overhead byte (1) Framing bit (A1, A2) (2) Regenerator section parity (B1) (3) Network management for regenerator section (D1 to D3) (4) Regenerator section orderwire (E1) (5) User channel (F1) (6) Multiplex section Parity (B2) (7) Network management for multiplex section (D4 to D12) (8) Multiplex section orderwire (E2) (9) MSP CONT (K1, K2) (10) Section trace (J0) (11) Far End Block Error (M1) (12) Synchronization status byte (S1)

FERF = Far End Receive Failure

MSP = Multiplex Section Protection

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

Table 1.6 - Digital Processing (continued)

 

Description

For Radio

SDH frame to Radio frame conversion

Radio frame complementary Overhead (RFCOH) insertion and detection

(1) Route ID (2) Radio protection switch (RPS) initiator (3) Digital service channel (4) RPS control signal (5) Far end control signal (6) Way side traffic (7) ATPC Control signal

Scrambling

2 15 –1 patterns

Route ID

16 addresses pre-settable

ATPC = Automatic Transmit Power Control

UMN

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

1.4.7

Overall

Table 1.8 – Overall

 

Description

Up-fade BER

BER = 10 3 at RSL of –17 dBm measured at MSTU input

Down-fade BER

For 64 QAM MLCM (Figure 1-18):

BER = 10 3 at RSL of –76.5 dBm typical BER = 10 3 at RSL of –74.5 dBm guaranteed

BER = 10 6 at RSL of –73.5 dBm typical BER = 10 6 at RSL of –70.5 dBm guaranteed

Measured at MSTU input

For 128 QAM MLCM (Figure 1-19):

BER = 10 3 at RSL of –74.0 dBm typical BER = 10 3 at RSL of –72.0 dBm guaranteed

BER = 10 6 at RSL of –71.0 dBm typical BER = 10 6 at RSL of –68.0 dBm guaranteed

Measured at MSTU input

Note 1 : Space Diversity improves RSL by 2 dB.

Note 2 : RSL is 1.0 dB higher for 11 GHz and 2.5 dB higher for 13 GHz. Note 3 : Down-fade BER at point B is as follows.

64QAM

Figure 1-20

128QAM CC 128QAM AP (7/13GHz)

Figure 1-21

Figure 1-22

Residual BER

BER < Typical:10 13 /hop/day at normal receiving condition Guaranteed:10 12 /hop/day at normal receiving condition

RSL = Receive Signal Level

1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION

UMN

10 -3

BER

10 -6

BER=10 -3 at RSL=-74.5 dBm (Guaranteed) -76.5 dBm Typical curve -73.5 dBm BER=10 -6 at
BER=10 -3 at RSL=-74.5 dBm
(Guaranteed)
-76.5 dBm
Typical curve
-73.5 dBm
BER=10 -6 at RSL=-70.5 dBm
(Guaranteed)

-78

76

74

-72

-70