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A trader carries an average stock of Rs 75000. His stock turnover ratio is 12 times. Find out his profit, if

he sells at a profit of 20% on sales. (ANSWER: profit = 225000)

Answer:

Stock turnover ratio = COGS / average stock

COGS= stock turnover ratio * average stock = 12 * 75000 = 900,000

Profit = 20% on turnover or 25% of COGS = 25% of 900,000 = 225000

2. ON STOCK TURNOVER RATIO AND QUICK RATIO/ CURRENT ASSETS:

Calculate current assets of a company from the following information:

Stock turnover ratio= 4 times

Stock in the end is Rs 20000 more than stock in the beginning

Sales = Rs 300000

Gross profit ratio 25%

Current liabilities = Rs 40000

Quick ratio 0.75

(ANSWER: current assets = 96250)

Answer:

Quick ratio = quick assets / current liabilities

0.75 = quick assets/ 40,000

Quick assets = 30,000

Current assets = quick assets + inventory

Stock turnover ratio = COGS/ inventory

4 = 225000 / x + 10,000

x + 10000 = 56250

x = 46250 (opening stock)

closing stock = 46250 + 20,000 = 66250

current assets = quick assets + inventory (always closing is taken because closing stock is present at the

end of the accounting period) = 30,000 + 66250 = 96250

3. Calculate Gross profit ratio, current ratio and debt-equity ratio from the following information:

Net sales = 30,000

Cost of sales= 20,000

Net profit= 3000

Current assets= 6000

Current liabilities= 2000

Paid up share capital= 5000

Debentures= 2500 (Answer: gross profit ratio= 33.33%; current ratio = 3:1; debt equity ratio= 5:16)

Answer:

GP ratio = gross profit *100/ net sales

Gross profit = net sales COGS = 30000 20,000 = 10,000

GP ratio = 10,000 *100/ 30000 = 33.33%

Current ratio = current assets/ current liabilities = 6000/2000 = 3:1

Debt-equity ratio = debentures (long term debt) / share capital + profit = 2500/ 5000 +3000 = 5:16

4. ON LIQUIDITY RATIOS:

The current assets of a company are Rs 900000. Its current ratio is 3 and liquid ratio is 1.20

Calculate the current liabilities, liquid assets and inventory (Answer: current liability= 300000, liquid

assets= 360000; inventory= 540,000)

Answer:

Current liability = current assets / current ratio = 900000/ 3 = 300,000

Liquid assets = current assets inventory / current liability

1.2 = liquid assets / 300,000

liquid assets = 3,60,000

Inventory= current assets liquid assets = 900,000 360,000 = 540,000

5. ON DEBT EQUITY RATIO AND WORKING CAPITAL TURNOVER RATIO:

Loan is 87000

8% debentures= 125000

Equity share capital= 375000

Cost of goods sold= 395600

Current assets= 399000

Current liability= 237000

Calculate debt equity ratio and working capital turnover ratio (ANSWER: Debt equity= .57:1; working

capital T R= 2.44 times)

Answer:

Debt equity ratio = debt (long term)/ equity

Long term debt = debentures + loan = 125000 + 87000 = 212000

Equity = equity share capital = 375000

Debt equity ratio = 212000/ 375000 = 0.57:1

Working capital turnover ratio = COGS/ working capital (CA- CL)

395600/ (399000- 237000) = 2.44 times

6. Calculate quick ratio and stock turnover ratio from the following:

(Answer: quick ratio = 0.39:1; stock turnover ratio= 3.09 times)

Answer:

Quick ratio = current assets inventory / current liability

Current assets = stock + debtors + cash

Quick assets = stock + debtors + cash stock = 21000 + 30,000 = 51000

Current liability = creditors + outstanding expenses = 115000 + 15000 = 130000

Quick ratio = 51000/ 130,000 = 0.39:1

Stock turnover ratio = COGS/ average stock

COGS = sales gross profit = 800,000 340,000 = 460,000

Average stock = opening + closing / 2 = 99000 + 199000 /2 = 149000

ST ratio = 460000/ 149000 = 3.09 times

7. Calculate return on capital employed (ROCE) from the following Information:

Liabilities Rs Assets Rs

Share capital 20,00,000 Fixed assets 29,00,000

Reserves 500,000 Current assets 2500,000

10% loan 10,00,000 Underwriting 100,000

commission

Current liability 15,00,000

Profit 500,000

(Answer: 15.38%)

Answer:

ROCE = profit before interest *100/ capital employed

Profit before interest = profit after interest + interest = 500000 + 100000 = 600000

Capital employed = fixed assets + net working capital = 2900000 + (2500000 1500000) = 3900000

OR

Capital employed = share capital + reserves + loan + profit fictitious expenses = 3900000

ROCE = 600000 *100 / 39,00,000 = 15.38%

8. CURRENT RATIO:

Compute current ratio from the following-

Sundry debtors are given as Rs. 100,000. Prepaid expenses of the enterprise are Rs. 10,000. The

enterprise has cash at bank of Rs 30,000. Short term investments have been made amounting to Rs.

20,000 and long-term investments of Rs. 50,000. Machinery of Rs. 7000 was purchased by the

enterprise last year. Bills payable are pending to the value of Rs. 20,000. Sundry creditors are Rs.

40,000. The enterprise has invested in Debentures of Rs. 200,000. There is inventory of Rs. 40,000.

Outstanding expenses are valued at Rs. 40,000.

(Answer: 2:1)

Answer:

Current assets = sundry debtors + prepaid expenses + cash + short tern inv + inventory

Current assets = 100,000 + 10,000 + 30000 + 20000 + 40000 = 200000

Current liability = BP + creditors + outstanding expenses

CL = 20,000 + 40000 + 40000 = 100,000

Current ratio = 2:1

9. CURRENT RATIO:

The total assets are given as Rs. 300,000. Out of this, fixed assets are Rs. 1,60,000 and Investments are

Rs. 100,000. On the liabilities side, shareholders funds are 200,000 and long term liabilities are Rs.

80,000. Find out CURRENT RATIO

(Answer: 2:1)

Answer:

Current assets = total assets fixed assets investments = 40,000

Current liability = total assets shareholders funds long term liability = 20,000

Current ratio = current assets / current liability = 2:1

10. CURRENT RATIO:

Net Working Capital is given as Rs. 7,20,000. Creditors of the company are Rs. 40,000 and other current

liabilities are Rs. 200,000. Calculate the current ratio.

(Answer: 4:1)

Answer:

Current assets current liability = 720,000

Current liability = 240,000

Current assets = 960,000

Current ratio = 960,000/ 2,40,000 = 4:1

11. CURRENT RATIO:

Gross working capital of a company is Rs. 15000. Total debt is of Rs. 32500 and out of total debt, long

term debt stands at Rs. 25,000. Find out the current ratio.

(Answer: 2:1)

Answer:

Current assets = 15000

Current liability = 7500

Current ratio = 2:1 (15000/ 7500)

12. CURRENT RATIO:

Net working capital of a company is Rs. 15000. Total debt is of Rs. 32500 and out of total debt, long

term debt stands at Rs. 25,000. Find out the current ratio.

(Answer: 3:1)

Answer:

Current assets current liability = 15000

Current liability = 7500

Current assets = 22500

Current ratio = 22500/ 7500 = 3:1

13. CURRENT RATIO:

Total assets of a company are given as Rs. 1,10,000 and fixed assets are Rs. 50,000. Capital employed is

Rs. 1,00,000. There have been no long term investments. Calculate current ratio.

(Answer: 6:1)

Answer:

Current assets = total assets fixed assets = 60,000

Current liability = total assets capital employed = 110,000 100,000 = 10,000

Current ratio = 6:1

A Company had current assets of Rs. 300,000 and current liabilities of Rs. 1,40,000. It then purchased

goods worth Rs. 60,000 on credit. Calculate current ratio after the purchase.

(Answer: 1.8:1)

Answer:

Current liabilities of a company were Rs. 100,000 and its current ratio was 2.5:1. After this, it paid Rs.

25,000 to a creditor. Calculate the current ratio after the payment.

(Answer: 3:1)

Answer:

The ratio of current assets to current liabilities is 1.5:1. Current assets are Rs. 600,000 and current

liabilities are Rs. 400,000. The firm is interested in maintaining a current ratio of 2:1 by paying off a

part of current liabilities. Compute the amount of current liabilities that should be paid, so that current

ratio of 2:1 can be maintained.

Answer:

Self explanatory

17. Share capital of a company is Rs. 21000. Reserves are for Rs. 1500. The profit and loss account shows a

positive balance of Rs. 2500. Bank overdraft is for Rs. 2000 and sundry creditors are Rs. 6000. On the

assets side, fixed assets of the company are at Rs. 17000. The company has stock of Rs. 6200, debtors

of Rs. 3200 and Cash of Rs. 6600. Calculate Current Ratio.

(Answer: 2:1)

Answer:

Current assets = 6200 + 3200 + 6600 = 16000

Liquid assets are Rs. 37500. Stock is valued at Rs. 10,000. Prepaid expenses are Rs. 2500 and working

capital is of Rs. 30,000. Find out current ratio.

(Answer: 2.5:1)

Answer:

Working capital = current assets current liability (technically, net working capital has the above

mentioned formula and gross working capital is equal to current assets. However, there is often a mix

up and examiners assume certain things in questions and mention only working capital, which can be

assumed to be either gross or net. It is important that you use your acumen to identify what it should

mean)

19.

Calculate current ratio and quick ratio from the above balance sheet.

Answer:

Current assets = inventory + debtors + cash + prepaid expenses = 12000 + 9000 + 2280 + 720 = 24000

Liquid assets = 24000 inventory prepaid expenses = 24000 12000 720 = 11280

20. Current liabilities of a company are Rs. 300,000. Its current ratio is 3:1 and liquid ratio is 1:1. Calculate

the value of stock.

Answer:

(Answer: 3:7)

Answer:

Total assets of a company are Rs. 1,25,000. Total debt of the company is Rs. 100,000 and current

liabilities are Rs. 50,000. Find out debt to equity ratio.

Answer:

Since assets = liabilities in balance sheet, total assets = 125000 should be equal to total liability

Equity share capital of a company is Rs. 2,00,000. Current liabilities are Rs. 1,00,000. Preliminary

expenses are for Rs. 10,000. Reserves and surplus are of Rs. 1,60,000 and 10% debentures are of Rs.

1,50,000. Interest on debentures is Rs. 15,000. Find out debt to equity ratio.

(Answer: 3:7)

Answer:

Shareholders funds = share capital + reserves preliminary expenses = 200000 + 160000 10000 =

350000

Debt to equity ratio = 150000/350000 = 3:7

A company has applied for a loan. The lender of the loan requests you to compute the debt to equity

ratio to find out long term solvency of the company.

liabilities Rupees

6% debentures 7250

Reserves 4000

Answer:

Shareholders funds = equity + preferred stock + reserves + additional paid in capital = 8500

Profit after interest but before tax is Rs. 6,25,000 (PAT should have been 375000). Interest expense for

the company is Rs. 1,25,000. Calculate Interest coverage ratio.

(Answer: 4 times)

Answer:

A company has residual profits after interest, tax and dividends as Rs. 5000. Dividends amount to Rs.

500, Tax is Rs. 1000 and interests are paid as follows:

Answer:

PAT = 5000

Anuj Jindal successrbigradeb@gmail.com 15

Dividend = 500

Tax = 1000

EBIT= 7350

Capital

Answer:

Shareholders funds = equity + preference + reserves preliminary exp = 150000

The equity share capital of a company stands at Rs. 200,000. The company has issued 10% preference

share capital of Rs. 300,000. Reserves are held to the level of Rs. 2,50,000. Balance in P & L account is

Rs. 1,50,000. The company has also issued 10% debentures of Rs. 16,00,0000. Current liabilities are Rs.

6,80,000. Net fixed assets are Rs 21,00,000. Long term investments made by the company are Rs.

200,000. The company has current assets of Rs. 880,000. Earning before interest and taxes is Rs.

500,0000. Calculate Proprietary ratio and Interest coverage ratio of the company.

Answer:

Total assets = fixed assets + long term investments + current assets = 3180000

EBIT = 5000000

Interest = 1600000

ICR = 3.125

29. Calculate debt equity ratio and proprietary ratio:

Answer:

Equity = 2100000

Total assets = fixed assets + long term investments + current assets = 4000000

Credit- 60,000

Salaries 25000

Wages 5000

What is GP ratio if sales are Rs 600,000 and Gross profit is 25% on cost.

(Answer: 10%; 20%; HINT- use techniques learnt in Quantitative Aptitude in Profit and loss)

Answer:

Gross profit = Gross profit is calculated by reducing operating/ factory expenses from sales

Here, operating expenses/ cost of sales are = purchases return outwards + opening stock closing

stock + direct expenses

= 75000 2000 + 10000 (decrease in stock = opening stock closing stock) + 2000 (carriage inward) +

wages (salaries are indirect but wages are direct)

= 90000

Anuj Jindal successrbigradeb@gmail.com 19

Gross profit = 100000- 90000 = 10,000

When sales are 600,000 and GP ratio is 25% on cost, it means that GP ratio is 20% on sales

Cash sales are 25% of total sales, purchases are Rs.690,000, credit sales are Rs. 600,000; excess of

closing stock over opening stock is Rs 50,000. Calculate gross profit ratio.

(Answer: 20%)

Answer:

Direct expenses + cost on sales = purchases + (-increase in stock) = 690000 50000 = 640000

33. GROSS PROFIT RATIO: (THIS QUESTION REQUIRES UNDERSTANDING OF INVENTORY TURNOVER

RATIO)

Average stock Rs. 1,60,000. Stock turnover ratio is 8 times. Average debtors are Rs. 200,000. Debtors

turnover ratio is 6 times. Cash sales are 25% of net sales.

(Answer: 20%

Hint- stock turnover ratio = COGS/ average stock; Debtor turnover ratio = net credit sales/ average

debtors)

Answer:

COGS = 1280000

Since credit sales are 75% of total sales, total sales = 1200000 *100/75 = 1600000

Sales of the enterprise are Rs. 400,000. Gross profit is Rs. 1,84,000. Administrative expenses incurred

by the company of Rs. 10,000. Selling and distribution expenses are Rs. 14000. Loss on sale of

machinery is Rs. 10,000. Net profit is Rs. 1,50,000. Find out operating ratio.

(Answer: 60%)

Answer:

Operating expenses = administrative expenses + selling distribution expenses = 24000

Purchases = 500,000

Sales = 7,50,000

(Answer: 23.8%)

Answer:

Net operating profit = net sales COGS operating expenses = 735000 475000 85000 = 175000

Operating profit ratio = 175000 *100/ 735000 = 23.8%

(Answer: 84.4%)

Answer:

Sales is given as Rs. 50,20,000. Sales return are Rs. 2,20,000. Cost of goods sold is Rs. 24,40,200. Office

and administrative expenses are given as Rs. 251200. Selling and distribution expenses are Rs.

Anuj Jindal successrbigradeb@gmail.com 23

4,50,400. Interest paid on loan is Rs. 50,000. Income from Investment is Rs. 60,000. Loss by theft is Rs.

30,000. Calculate Operating Ratio.

Answer:

COGS = 2440200

The balance in profit and loss account of a company is Rs 500,000 (net profit). Long term borrowings @

10% are 10,00,000. Current liabilities are Rs. 15,00,000. Fixed assets of the company are 29,00,000.

Current assets of the company are 25,00,000. Find out return on capital employed.

(Answer: 15.38%)

Answer:

Capital employed = total assets current liabilities = 2900000 + 2500000 1500000 = 3900000

A company has equity share capital of Rs. 500,000 and 8% preference share capital of Rs. 200,000.

Reserves and surplus are valued at Rs. 2,50,000. Long term borrowings are for Rs. 300,000 and interest

on these borrowings is Rs. 40,000. Profit after interest on borrowings but before dividend is Rs.

Anuj Jindal successrbigradeb@gmail.com 24

200,000. Current liabilities stand at Rs. 8,20,000. On the assets side, fixed assets are for Rs. 8,80,000.

Non current investments stand at Rs. 2,50,000. Current assets are valued at Rs. 9,40,000. Find out

return on capital employed for the company.

(Answer: 24%)

Answer:

Capital employed = fixed assets + current assets current liability = 880,000 + 940000 820,000 =

10,00,000

Equity share capital of a company is Rs. 50,000. 10% preference share capital stands at Rs. 50,000.

Reserves and surplus are for Rs. 100,000. Current liabilities are Rs. 1,70,000. 12% debentures are

issued for Rs. 400,000. Current assets are for Rs. 2,20,000. Net profit for the company after interest

and tax is Rs. 1,20,000. Tax paid for the year of Rs. 1,20,000. Find out return on capital employed for

the company.

(Answer: 48%)

Answer:

EBIT = profit after interest and tax + tax + interest = 120,000 + 120,000 + 48000 = 288000

Capital employed = equity share capital + reserves + preference share capital + long term loans =

Sales of a company stand at Rs. 200,000. Direct expenses are Rs. 10,000 and Indirect expenses are Rs.

20,000. Profit before tax but after direct and indirect expenses is Rs. 30,000. Opening stock stood at Rs.

40,000 and closing stock stands at Rs. 20,000. Find out inventory turnover ratio.

(Answer: 5 times)

Answer:

(Gross profit is found out after reducing direct expenses from sales)

Cost of goods sold is given as Rs. 300,000. Purchases made in the year are Rs. 3,30,000 and Opening

stock is given as Rs. 60,000. Find out inventory turnover ratio

(Answer: 4 times)

Answer:

COGS = 300,000

Purchases 2,42,000

Sales 3,20,000

(Answer: 8 times)

Answer:

Closing stock = opening stock + purchase COGS = 29000 + 242000 240000 = 31000

Opening stock is given as Rs. 20,000 and closing stock is given as Rs. 40,000. Sales are given as Rs.

300,000. Gross Profit on cost is 25%. Calculate inventory turnover ratio.

(Answer: 8 times; hint- use technique learnt in profit and loss to measure gross profit on sales)

Answer:

Anuj Jindal successrbigradeb@gmail.com 27

Calculate opening and closing debtors from the following information:

Answer:

X + X/3 = 800,000

Y + Y + 20,000 = 150000 *2

2Y = 280,000

Y = 140,000

Cash purchases = Rs. 80,000

Answer:

(when beginning creditor is not given, the end creditor is assumed to be average)

Current assets are Rs. 9,00,000. Current liabilities are Rs. 3,00,000. Total sales Rs. 30,50,000. Sales

return are Rs. 50,000.

(Answer: 5 times)

Answer:

Working capital is given as Rs. 250,000. Cost of goods sold is Rs. 10,00,000 and gross profit on sales is

20%. Calculate working capital turnover ratio.

(Answer: 5 times)

Answer:

COGS = 10,00,000

GP on cost = 2,50,000

Current liabilities of a company include trade payables and short term provisions of Rs. 2,50,000 and

50,000 respectively. Credit purchase made during the year is for Rs. 7,50,000. Sales during the year

stand at Rs. 32,00,000 and sales return are for Rs. 200,000. Current assets are a total of Rs. 600,000.

Find out working capital turnover ratio and payable turnover ratio

Answer:

WCTR = 10 times

Net sales is given as Rs. 30,00,000. Cost of sales is Rs. 20,00,000. Current assets stand at Rs. 600,000

and current liabilities are Rs. 2,00,000. Paid up share capital of the company is Rs. 500,000. Find out

Gross profit ratio and WC turnover ratio.

Answer:

WC = CA CL = 400,000

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