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13 SEP 1997 Report- Nr, 12.743 VR-IC axleguide strength verification Version 00 Teildokument 100 page 3/51 2 LOADING CASES The Investigated loading cases are described in detail in report 12.685 Version 01 “Design loads VR- bogie *. In general a creep safety factor greater than j = 1.0 is aimed at for static loading cases: A fatigue safety factor greater than j = 1.5 is aimed at for dynamic loading cases. 24 Vertical force This stress is dynamically investigated, A vertical force of 85KN is applied. The applied impact is 1.4. The maximum vertical force is therefore Fz = 119KN. The purely changing component is 40% of 85kN = 34kN. The vertical loading is supported by the primary suspension set and the axleguide bearing. It is divided in the case of a 3.6" inclination of the axleguide (fixed stop) as follows : 109.91kN over the primary suspension , 9,09KN over the axleguide bearing . Fa,prim Fazal Clamping torques are also applied: 1815 Nm, 1822 Nm . prim Mal The values originate from the spring calculation of the primary stage,and and from the known rigidity values and the geometric circumstances. 2.2 Pressing force Aradial stress of 10N/mm? (static loading case) occurs due to the pressing in of the axleguide bear ing. 2.3 Overrunning collision / braking / sinusoldal motion ‘Asa linear calculation is made, after calculation of the loading case overrunning collision, It is possi ble to obtain the results of loading cases braking and sinusoidal motion by scaling in relation to the acting forces. Fx, overrunning 42.43kN (static loading case) Fx, sinus 18.7kN (dynamic loading case) Fx, braking = 9.0kKN (dynamic loading case) a Report Nr. 12.743 VRIIC axleguide strength vorification Version 00 Telidokument 100 page 4/51 24 Lateral force \/ Imposed is a lateral force of Fy,stat = 36.9KN —_ {static loading case) resp. Fy,dyn_ = 31.9 KN (dynamic loading case) . Here too the results of the second case are determined by scaling, 2.5 Dismantling the axle // On removing the axle the bogie is lited after removal of the bottom parts of the axleguide. in this uation the top part ofthe axieguide is pressed by the residual spring force against ine lifting safe- guard, The stresses occurring in the top part are calculated, Faresidual = 17.6 KN (from the spring caleulation, static loading case), 2.6 Lifting the bogies Ihe coach is lifted with the bogies and axles mounted, the above mentioned residual spring force aug. on the axleguide, In addon the weight force of an axle is distributed over two axleguides, Thre forces acting are (static loading case): Faresidual = — 17.6kN also Fz; axle = 7.3kN 2.7 Damping force The force in the primary damper in normal operation is a maximum of: Fz,PD = 5.4kN (dynamic loading case) 'f dampers stand for long periods at low temperatures, a greater force is applied due to the viscous oi Fz,PDk = 14,8KN(static loading case) Scaling takes place here too, Report Nr. 12.743 RAG axleguide strength verification Version 00 Telldokument 100 page 5/51 2.8 — Twisting of the axles Due to the rolling movement of the bogies, the axes of the axleguide bearings are twisted against the wheelsets. Depending on the cardanic rigidity of the axleguide bearing, a torque of Mx = 527Nm is produced about the longitudinal axis of the top part of the axleguide. 2.9 — Static superposition The following ‘superposition is taken into account for assessing the creep safety factor: Overrunning collision: maximum vertical force + pressing force (TB 12.768 Vers.01, page 32) 2.40 Dynamic superposition The following superpositions are taken into account for assessing the fatigue safety factor (TB 12.768, 8.39) : Pressing force + vertical +/- 40% vertical impact +/- lateral impact +/- inclined position of axles +/- braking This corresponds to a curve passage with maximum vertical loading, maximum lateral force and full braking. Superposition “Maximum* (most unfavourable combination selected) : Pressing force. Factor 1.0 40.0N/mm* Vertical load Factor 1.0 85.0kN Vertical impact Factor 04 34.0kN Lateral impact Factor 10 31.9kN Twisting of the axle Factor 10 527Nm | Braking Factor 10 ‘9.0kN Superposition “Amplitude © Vertical impact Factor “04 ++/- 34,0KN Lateral impact Factor 1.0") from +/-34.9kN Twisting of the axles Factor 1.0 +/-527Nm Braking. Factor 4.0 *)") from #/- 9.0kN *) Here the dynamic component of the lateral impact is calculated from the stresses with a right hand and a left hand curve, the quasi-static component drops out : Generally valid is = Sinean * Seyn Further valid, in the case of the superposition of two stresses are : roan = (Gmax * Grin) 2 and Gayn = Sax ~ Sean resulting in’ Syn = (Gmax~ Simin) 2 - The stress cq calculated from the right hand and left hand lateral impacts (supplying Omax aNd Gran) is used with the superposition. The procedure is the same for the forwards / backwards longitudinal forces “) “As the axleguide has to satisfy epecial safety requirements, the braking is not superimposed as nonreversing pulsating but symmetric.