Sei sulla pagina 1di 2

Caliwliw, Jantzen Brix P.

CHAPTER 2 SOLVED PROBLEMS


ME130-1/B1 ENGR. KE

CHAPTER 2 PROBLEMS
1. What is the difference between intensive and extensive properties?
2. What is flow energy? Do fluids at rest possess any flow energy?
3. What does the coefficient of volume expansion of a fluid represent? How does it differ
from the coefficient of compressibility?
4. What is surface tension? What is it caused by?
5. What is the capillary effect? What is it caused by? How is it affected by the contact angle
6. A 20-m3 tank contains nitrogen at 25C and 800 kPa. Some nitrogen is allowed to escape
until the pressure in the tank drops to 600 kPa. If the temperature at this point is 20C,
determine the amount of nitrogen that has escaped.
7. A 1-m3 tank containing air at 108C and 350 kPa is connected through a valve to another
tank containing 3 kg of air at 358C and 200 kPa. Now the valve is opened, and the entire
system is allowed to reach thermal equilibrium with the surroundings, which are at
208C. Determine the volume of the second tank and the final equilibrium pressure of
air.
8. Argon in the amount of 1.5 kg fills a 0.04-m3 piston-cylinder device at 550 kPa. The
piston is now moved by changing the weights until the volume is twice its original size.
During this process, argons temperature is maintained constant. Determine the final
pressure in the device.
9. The viscosity of a fluid is to be measured by a viscometer constructed of two 3-ft-long
concentric cylinders. The inner diameter of the outer cylinder is 6 in, and the gap
between the two cylinders is 0.05 in. The outer cylinder is rotated at 250 rpm, and the
torque is measured to be 1.2 lbf ft. Determine the viscosity of the fluid.
10. A small-diameter tube is inserted into a liquid whose contact angle is 110. Will the level
of liquid in the tube rise or drop? Explain.
11. A 0.03-in-diameter glass tube is inserted into kerosene at 68F. The contact angle of
kerosene with a glass surface is 26. Determine the capillary rise of kerosene in the tube.
Caliwliw, Jantzen Brix P. CHAPTER 2 SOLVED PROBLEMS
ME130-1/B1 ENGR. KE

12. Determine the gage pressure inside a soap bubble of diameter (a) 0.2 cm and (b) 5 cm at
20C.
13. A 0.9-in-diameter glass tube is inserted into mercury, which makes a contact angle of
1408 with glass. Determine the capillary drop of mercury in the tube at 68F.
14. Consider a 30-cm-long journal bearing that is lubricated with oil whose viscosity is 0.1
kg/ms at 20C at the beginning of operation and 0.008 kg/ms at the anticipated steady
operating temperature of 80C. The diameter of the shaft is 8 cm, and the average gap
between the shaft and the journal is 0.08 cm. Determine the torque needed to
overcome the bearing friction initially and during steady operation when the shaft is
rotated at 500 rpm.
15. The absolute pressure of an automobile tire is measured to be 290 kPa before a trip and
310 kPa after the trip. Assuming the volume of the tire remains constant at 0.022 m3,
determine the percent increase in the absolute temperature of the air in the tire.