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Use of literature in ELT


Authentic literature Authentic literature
Use of authentic texts (provides students Use of authentic texts (the difficulty of
information from various domains; the the texts can put people off reading; if
language has to be suitable for learners students want to learn every word in a
age and level, as well as the topic and the text, the reading stage can go on forever
tasks) and cover loads of useless language;
Language system authentic texts are usually too high level)
Literature, in general, provides Language system
meaningful contexts (meaning is the Literature can frustrate the learner,
outcome of the interaction between the especially if he has a poor vocabulary
readers experience and the texts (he reads slowly and he is discouraged to
language, the reading context and the learn the language)
ideological assumptions underlying the Literature may be seen as a deviation
text) from normal everyday language
It involves a profound range of It may provide multiple meanings,
vocabulary, dialogues and prose making the learner feel uncomfortable
It helps students to overcome negative and even unconfident
attitudes, if any, toward the target Psychological implication
culture Some texts may deal with philosophical
It introduces variety into the language ideas, which can mislead the personal
classroom thinking of the learner
It serves as a stimulus for composition It contains complex grammatical
It can consolidate the four language structures that may put the learner in
skills: reading, writing, speaking and difficulty
listening Cultural awareness
Psychological implication Some texts may be too culturally biased,
It appeals to imagination and stimulates requiring a supplementary effort from
creativity the behalf of the learner in gaining more
It helps learners develop feelings for the information.
language they are learning and also to Learners may become judgmental when
increase their empathy level and social reading and interpreting some literary
skills texts
Engages feelings and emotions
Develops personal values and identity
Encourages self-knowledge and self-
Cultural awareness
It develops cultural awareness
It encourages critical thinking (learning
is facilitated through joy and mostly
through involvement; it encourages
It broadens intellectual and cultural
perspective and boots cognitive