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Marking Scheme
F5 Physics
Peperiksaan Awal Tahun 2017
Paper 2

Section A
1 (a) 0.1 cm 1m
(b) 3.4 cm 1m
(c) Parallax error 1m
(d) Place the eyes directly perpendicular to the scale of metre rule 1m
Total 4m

2 (a) Number of complete waves / oscillations produced in one second 1m


(b) (i) 1.5 = 5 cm
= 3.33 cm 1m
(ii) v = f
= 20 (3.33) 1m
= 66.67 cms-1 1m
f increases 1m
Total 5m

3 (a) The rate of change of velocity 1m


(b) v = u + at
11.82 = 0 + (1.12)t 1m
t = 10.55 s 1m
(c)

1m
1m

5 11
Total 5m

4 (a) Same // Equal 1m


(b) F
(i) P =
A
50 1m
=
0.04
= 1250 Pa
1m
F
(ii) 1250 =
0 .8 1m
F = 1000 N 1m
(c) Increase the cross-sectional area of the large cylinder // Use a material with low 1m
density to reduce the mass
Produce a greater force 1m
Total 7m
2
5 (a) Refraction of light 1m
(b) (i) Angle of refraction, r in D 5.1 is smaller than in D5.2 1m
(ii) Speed of light in medium X is smaller than in medium Y 1m
(c) (i) The smaller the r, the smaller the speed of light 1m
(ii) The smaller the speed of light, the greater the optical density 1m
(d) The smaller the r, the greater the optical density // When r decreases, optical 1m
density increases // Optical density increases when r decreases.
(e) Speed of light increases 1m
Optical density of air is lower. 1m
Total 8m

6 (a) kelvin 1m
(b) (i) Volume of trapped gas in D6.1 is smaller than in D6.2 1m
(ii) Temperature of trapped gas in D6.1 is smaller than in D6.2 1m
(iii) same 1m
(c) The higher the temperature, the greater the volume of the gas 1m
(d) Charles Law 1m
(e) V1 V2

T1 T2
35 V
1m
40 273 70 273

V = 38.35 m3 1m
Total 8m

7 (a) An upward force acting on an object in a liquid 1m


(b) (i) Weight of log = Buoyant force acted 1m
(ii) W = Vg
1200 (10) = V(1000)(10) 1m
V = 1.2 m3 1m
(c) (i) Longer 1m
Can measure a wider range of liquid density 1m
(ii) Glass 1m
Transparent // Easy to read reading // Chemically inert 1m
(iii) Larger 1m
Displace more liquid // create higher buoyant force 1m
(iv) More // Many 1m
More stable // enable the hydrometer to float vertically 1m
Total 12m

8 (a) State of an object which the resultant force acted on an object = 0 1m


(b) W = 2(10)
= 20 N 1m
(c) Triangle - correct direction 1m
Triangle - correct direction 1m
(d) (i) Triangle correct length, angle, direction 1m
Calculation : T1 = 5.8 x 2
= 11.6 N 0.2 N 1m

Triangle correct length, angle, direction 1m


Calculation : T1 = 7 x 2
= 14 N 0.2 N 1m
3
(ii) Diagram 8.1 1m
Tension of string in D8.1 is smaller 1m
(e) v = u + at
= 0 + (10)(0.6) 1m
= 6 ms-1 1m
Total 12m

Section B
9 (a) (i) Amount of heat required to change the temperature of an object by 1 oC /1 1m
K.
(ii) The temperature drop in beaker Y is greater than in beaker X. 1m
The heat released by the boiling water in beaker Y is greater than in beaker 1m
X.
Heat absorbed by the ice cubes in beaker Y is greater than the heat 1m
absorbed by tap water in beaker X.
Heat released by the boiling water in beaker Y = Heat absorbed by the ice 1m
cubes in beaker Y // Heat released by the boiling water in beaker X = Heat
absorbed by the tap water in beaker X
Heat capacity of water is higher when it is in solid state // Water in the solid 1m
state has a higher heat capacity.
(b) Gel has high specific heat capacity 1m
When it is stored in the refrigerator, it experiences a big temperature drop / it 1m
releases a large amount of heat.
Hence, it can absorb a large amount of heat from the patients body, 1m
before reaching thermal equilibrium with the patients body. 1m
(c)
Suggestions Explanations
Use mercury // Use a liquid that can Good visibility // Able to reflect light 2m
expand uniformly with the easily // To get a uniform
temperature temperature scale
Use a narrower capillary tube // Use To increase the sensitivity // More
smaller diameter of capillary tube sensitive 2m
Use a smaller bulb Respond faster to a temperature
change // Able to absorb heat faster
Use a thinner wall for the bulb at the Enable a faster heat absorption // To 2m
lower end of the thermometer get a more accurate reading // To
increase the sensitivity
Temperature range from 0 oC / 10 Melting point of ice is 0 oC and 2m
o
C to 110 oC // Greater boiling point of water is 100 oC. //
temperature range Able to measure more temperatures
2m

Total 20m
10 (a) When the crest of a wave superposes with the crest of another wave// When the 1m
trough of a wave superposes with the trough of another wave
(b) (i) The distance between two coherent sources in D10.2 is bigger than in 1m
D10.1
(ii) The vertical distance between point P and the respective coherent sources 1m
in both D10.1 and D10.2 are the same.
(iii) The wavelength of the propagating water wave in both D10.1 and D10.2 1m
are the same. 1m
(iv) The distance between two consecutive antinodes in D10.2 is smaller than
4
in D10.1
(c) The greater the distance between two coherent sources, the smaller the distance 1m
between two consecutive antinodes
(d) During day time, air temperature at lower altitude is higher. 1m
Refraction occurs 1m
Sound waves refract / bend away from the normal // Sound waves bend 1m
upwards
No sound waves reaching the son at the ground level 1m
(e)
Suggestions Explanations
Use hydrodynamic // aerodynamic. To reduce water resistance. 2m
Use a strong material Cannot break easily // Does not 4m
Use a hard material change the shape easily // Durable
Use sonar to detect the fish Sonar can be reflected // Sonar does 2m
not diffract easily.
Install a cooling system To lower the temperature of fish and 2m
maintain the freshness of fish

Total 20m

Section C
11 (a) (i) Force per unit area 1m
(ii) When the lorry moves with high velocity, it causes the air between the 1m
boy and lorry to move at high velocity.
A region of low pressure created between the boy and lorry. 1m
The difference in pressure due to the pressure in front of the boy ( ____ ) 1m
and atmospheric pressure at the back of the boy ( ________ ),
creates a net force pulling the boy towards the lorry. 1m
(b) (i) Region A 1m
(ii) Air speed at region A is higher, produces a region of lower pressure. 1m
Difference in pressure between region A and region B will produce a net 1m
force, making the ball moves in a curve path.
(iii) During heavy rain, the ball moves slowly. 1m
The difference in pressure decreases. 1m
Hence, curving effect is reduced.
(c)
Characteristics Explanations
Use short and round front end To reduce air resistance
2m
Use polystyrene as inner shell Lighter
2m
Use wide strap Smaller pressure on chin
2m
With air hole Allow air flow into helmet // Better air
ventilation 2m

Helmet N. 1m
Because helmet N has short and round front end, uses polystyrene as inner
shell, wide strap and with the presence of air hole. 1m
Total 20m
5
12 (a) (i) A wave that the direction of vibration of the particle in the medium is 1m
parallel to the direction of wave propagation.
(ii) Longitudinal wave Direction of vibration of the particle in the medium 1m
is parallel to the direction of wave propagation, transverse wave
Direction of vibration of the particle in the medium is perpendicular to
the direction of wave propagation.
(iii) Use thinner guitar string, 1m
produce high pitch when vibrates. 1m
Pull the string with high amplitude, 1m
produce louder sound.
(b)
Characteristics Explanations
Higher speed in air Information can be sent and received 2m
quickly
Shorter wavelength range Less diffraction effect 2m
Lower energy dissipated Less loss of information to surrounding 2m
Reflected by the ionosphere Signal reaches receiver / antenna / radio
clearly 2m

Wave S. 1m
Because wave S travels at higher speed in air, has shorter wavelength, lower 1m
energy dissipated and can be reflected by ionosphere.
(c) (i) v = f
330 = 100 1m
= 3.3 m 1m
2d
(ii) v =
t
2d
330 = 1m
4
1m
d = 660 m
1m
(iii) No, the ship will not collide with the cliff.
Total 20m