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Technology ushers in fundamental structural changes that can be integral to achieving

significant improvements in productivity. Used to support both teaching and learning, technology
infuses classrooms with digital learning tools, such as computers and hand held devices; expands
course offerings, experiences, and learning materials; supports learning 24 hours a day, 7 days a
week; builds 21st century skills; increases student engagement and motivation; and accelerates
learning. Technology also has the power to transform teaching by ushering in a new model of
connected teaching. This model links teachers to their students and to professional content,
resources, and systems to help them improve their own instruction and personalize learning.

Online learning opportunities and the use of open educational resources and other technologies can
increase educational productivity by accelerating the rate of learning; reducing costs associated with
instructional materials or program delivery; and better utilizing teacher time.
Uses of computer in learning

-- makes it possible to cater to larger number of students per teacher

-- learning at own pace & time & place eg. through open/distance/correspondence learning
-- internet has provided an online option globally
-- repetitive & remedial teaching-learning is made easier through customized programs [instant feedback]
-- teacher-less virtual classrooms that are able to reach remote & rural interiors
-- library & referencing facilities have improved tremendously through use of computer, cataloging &
online technology
-- improvement in research processes & greater reliability of research findings.
-- good for refresher courses, etc. for teachers
-- has helped in making better & diverse teaching-learning aids & tools, including audio-visual, computer,
OHP, etc. [learning by doing & seeing is more effective & motivating]
-- Braille & audio learning for the blind
-- hearing aids, & such other medical aids that help kids with specific challenges to overcome their
physical & physiological limitations.

All the above help in their own way, to various degrees/extent, specific/general purposes in imparting &
implementing the curriculum. Further, one cannot underestimate the value of printed books & the simple
chalk & board classroom. When used efficiently & optimally, technology can go a long way in making the
teaching learning process fun & effective.

But there are also some ethical issues presented by technology in education :
- plagiarism
- indiscriminate use of technology to the detriment of other skills
- anonymity & falsehoods
- getting homework done by others as in Y!A & many other such sites instead of thinking for oneself
- laziness on the part of both students & teachers - everything readymade, tailored, no originality or
- not citing sources, giving due credit