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PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY TARGET : JEE (Main) 2017 Course : ABHINAV (EA) NO. 20
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
TARGET : JEE (Main) 2017
Course : ABHINAV (EA)
NO. 20

This DPP is to be discussed in the week (24-08-2015 to 29-08-2015)

DPP No. # 20

Total Marks : 46

Max. Time : 30 min.

Single choice Objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.1 to Q.10

(3 marks, 2 min.)

[30, 20]

Multiple choice objective ('–1' negative marking) Q.11 to Q.12

(4 marks, 2 min.)

[8, 4]

Match the Columns

(no negative marking) Q.13

(8 marks, 6 min.)

[8, 6]

1.

The Haber’s process involves an exothermic reversible reaction for which the yield would be high for :

(1) Low T, Low P

(2) High T, Low P

(3*) Low T, High P

(4) High T, High P

gSoj&izØe] Å"ek{ksih mRØe.kh; vfHkfØ;k gS rc fdlds fy, yfCèk mPp gksxhA (1) fuEu T, fuEu P (2) mPp T, fuEu P (3*) fuEu T, mPp P (4) mPp T, mPp P

Sol.

N 2 + 3H 2 (g) (g)

N 2 + 3H 2 (g) (g) 2NH 3 + Heat for the Haber’s process (g)

2NH 3 + Heat for the Haber’s process (g)

 

Hence as per Le-Chatelier principle use high P & low T to maximize yield.

2.

For the reaction A (s)

For the reaction A ( s ) B ( s ) + 2C ( g )

B (s) + 2C (g) ; K p = 16 (atm) 2 at 1000 K. In a vessel of 20.5 litre 2 moles of B are

taken at 1000 K and then 2 moles of C are added. Assuming volume occupied by the solid to be negligible, predict :

(1) Nothing can be predicted in the absence of sufficient data (2) Nothing would happen (3*) An equilibrium will be set up with the formation of 0.5 moles of A (4) B and C would react completely to form A.

 

1000 K ij

vfHkfØ;k A (s)

1000 K ij vfHkfØ;k A ( s ) B ( s ) + 2C ( g

B (s) + 2C (g) ds fy, K p = 16 (atm) 2 gSA ,d 20.5 yhVj ds ik=k esa 1000 K ij B ds

2 eksy fy, x;s rFkk fQj C ds 2 eksy feyk;s x,A ekuk Bksl }kjk ?ksjk x;k vk;ru ux.; gS] vuqeku yxkb, % (1) i;kZIr vkdMksa dh vuqifLFkfr esa vuqeku ugha yxk;k tk ldrk gSA (2) dqN ?kfVr ugha gksxkA (3*) A ds 0.5 eksyksa ds fuekZ.k ds lkFk lkE;oLFkk LFkkfir gksxhA (4) B rFkk C iw.kZr;k vfHkfØ;k dj A cuk;sxhA

Sol.

k p = 16

 

p c 2 = 16 or p c = 4 atm

4 × 20.5 = n c × 0.082 × 1000

n c = 1.0

eq (Total moles) It means one mole of c (out of 2 added) will react with 0.5 mol of B to produce 0.5 mole of A.

3.

Which of the following is correct for the equilibrium of the reaction

 
 

C(s) + H 2 O(g)

CO(g) + H 2 (g)

 

vfHkfØ;k C(s) + H 2 O(g)

vfHkfØ;k C(s) + H 2 O(g) CO(g) + H 2 (g) ds lkE; ds fy, fuEu

CO(g) + H 2 (g) ds lkE; ds fy, fuEu esa ls dkSu lk lgh gS \

(1)

p

H 2

p

H O

2

(2*)

p

H 2

p H O 2
p
H O
2

(3)

p

H 2

p

2

H O

2

(4)

p H

2

p

2

H O

2

p CO

4.

1 mol of N 2 O 4 (g) at 300 K is kept in a closed container under 1 atm. It is heated to 600 K, upon which 20% by mass of N 2 O 4 (g) decomposes to NO 2 (g). The resultant pressure is

300 K rFkk 1 atm ij ,d can ik=k esa N 2 O 4 (g) ds 1 eksy j[ks x;s gSA bls 600 K rd xeZ djus ij N 2 O 4 (g) dk 20% æO;eku fo?kfVr gksdj NO 2 (g) nsrk gSA ifj.kkeh nkc gS %

(1) 1.2 atm

(2*) 2.4 atm

(3) 2.0 atm

(4) 1.0 atm

nkc gS % (1) 1.2 atm (2*) 2.4 atm (3) 2.0 atm (4) 1.0 atm 5.

5. A sample of pure NO 2 gas heated to 1000°K decomposes : 2NO 2 2NO(g) + O 2 (g). The equilibrium constant K P is 100 atm. Analysis shows that the partial pressure of O 2 is 0.25 atm. at equilibrium. The partial pressure of NO 2 at equilibrium is:

'kq) NO 2 xSl ds izkn'kZ dks 1000°K rd xeZ djus ij ;g fo?kfVr gks tkrk gS 2NO 2 2NO(g) + O 2 (g). lkE; fu;rkad K P = 100 atm gSA fo'ys"k.k ls Kkr gksrk gS fd lkE; ij O 2 dk vkaf'kd nkc 0.25 atm gSA rc lkE; ij NO 2 dk vkaf'kd nkc gS %

(1) 0.03

gSA rc lkE; ij NO 2 dk vkaf'kd nkc gS % (1) 0.03 (2) 0.25 (3*)

(2) 0.25

(3*) 0.025

(4) 0.04

6. The value of K c for the reaction 2SO 3 (g)

(2) 10 N A

2SO 2 (g) + O 2 (g) is 10 mol/l. at a certain temp. TºK. The no. of

molecules of O 2 present at equilibrium in a 10 lit. vessel such that the active masses of SO 3 and SO 2 is same at equilibrium :

(1) 10

(Where N A = Avogadro Number)

at equilibrium : (1) 10 (Where N A = Avogadro Number) (3) 100 (4*) 100 N

(3) 100

(4*) 100 N A .

vfHkfØ;k 2SO 3 (g)

ik=k esa O 2 ds v.kqvksa dh la[;k bl izdkj mifLFkr gS fd lkE; ij SO 3 rFkk SO 2 ls lfØ; æO;eku leku gS %

lkE; ij SO 3 rFkk SO 2 ls lfØ; æO;eku leku gS % 2SO 2 (g)

2SO 2 (g) + O 2 (g) ds fy, fdlh fuf'pr rki TºK ij K c dk eku 10 mol/l gSA lkE; ij 10 yhVj

(1) 10

(tgk¡ N A =vkoksxkæks la[;k)

(2) 10 N A

(3) 100

(4*) 100 N A .

7. For N 2 + 3H 2

10 N A (3) 100 (4*) 100 N A . 7. For N 2 + 3H

2NH 3 , at equilibrium; mixture contains ‘a’ mol N 2 ,‘b’ mol H 2 , ‘c’ mol NH 3 and ‘d’ mole of an

inert gas. Given p 1 ×v = (a + b + c) RT and (1) (1/p 2 2 ) × (c 2 /ab 3 ) × (a + b + c) 2

(3) (1/p 2 2 ) × {(2c) 2 / (1) (3b) 3 } × (a + b + c + d) 2 (4) None of these

p 2 × v = (a + b + c + d) RT then expression of k p is (2*) (1/p 1 2 ) × (c 2 /ab 3 ) × (a + b + c) 2

lkE; ij N 2 + 3H 2

ds ‘d’ eksy mifLFkr gSA fn;k gS p 1 ×v = (a + b + c) RT rFkk p 2 × v = (a + b + c + d) RT rc k p ds fy, O;atd gS %

2NH 3 ds fy, ; ,d feJ.k esa N 2 ds ‘a’ eksy , H 2 3 ds fy,; ,d feJ.k esa N 2 ds ‘a’ eksy, H 2 ds ‘b’ eksy] NH 3 ds ‘c’ eksy rFkk ,d vØh; xSl

(1) (1/p 2 2 ) × (c 2 /ab 3 ) × (a + b + c) 2 (3) (1/p 2 2 ) × {(2c) 2 / (1) (3b) 3 } × (a + b + c + d) 2

(2*) (1/p 1 2 ) × (c 2 /ab 3 ) × (a + b + c) 2

(4) fuEu esa ls dksbZ ugh

8. A vessel contain SO 3 , SO 2 , O 2 , He in molar ratio of 1 : 2 : 3 : 4 at equilibrium. Which of the following is correct

(1*) K p for 2SO 3

(2) K p for SO 2 + 1/2 O 2 (3) both (4) None of these.

lkE; ij ,d ik=k esa SO 3 , SO 2 , O 2 , He dk eksyj vuqikr 1 : 2 : 3 : 4 gSA fuEu esa ls dkSulk lgh gS \

(1*) 2SO 3

(2) SO 2 + 1/2 O 2

(3) nksuks (4) fuEu esa ls dksbZ ugha

SO 2 + 1/2 O 2 (3) nksuks (4) fuEu esa ls dksbZ ugha 2SO 2

2SO 2 (g) + O 2 (g) is 1.2 p where p is the total pressure of the vessel

(g) is 1.2 p where p is the total pressure of the vessel SO 2 is

SO 2 is (1/

3p 0
3p
0

) where p 0 is the pressure due to inert gas

(1/ 3p 0 ) where p 0 is the pressure due to inert gas 2SO 2

2SO 2 (g) + O 2 (g) ds fy, K p = 1.2 p gS tgk¡ p ik=k

+ O 2 (g) ds fy, K p = 1.2 p gS tgk¡ p ik=k SO

SO 2 ds fy, K p =

(1/

3p 0
3p
0

dk dqy nkc gSA

) gS tgka p 0 vfØ; xSl ds dkj.k mRiUu nkc gSA

9. 1 mole Cl 2 and 1 mole H 2 gas is placed in a container, the gases combined spontaneously in the presence of sunlight. If before reaction the pressure is p 1 and after the reaction pressure is p 2 then (assume the ideal beheviour)

(1) p 1 > p 2

(2) p 1 < p 2

(3*) p 1 = p 2

(4) none

,d ik=k esa 1 eksy Cl 2 rFkk 1 eksy H 2 xSl j[kh x;h gSA lw;Z izdk'k dh mifLFkfr esa xSls Lor% la;qDr gks tkrh gSA ;fn vfHkfØ;k ls iwoZ nkc p 1 rFkk vfHkfØ;k ds i'pkr~ nkc p 2 gS rc (ekuk vkn'kZ O;ogkj gS)

(1) p 1 > p 2

(2) p 1 < p 2

(3*) p 1 = p 2

(4) dksbZ ugha

10.

For the gaseous equilibrium, A 2 (g) + B 2 (g) 2AB(g), the equilibrium constant at a certain temperature is 49. If an equimolar mixture of A 2 and B 2 is heated in a closed container to this temperature, the mole fraction of B 2 in the equilibrium mixture is

A 2 (g) + B 2 (g)

2 in the equilibrium mixture is A 2 (g) + B 2 (g) 2AB(g) xSlh; lkE;
2 in the equilibrium mixture is A 2 (g) + B 2 (g) 2AB(g) xSlh; lkE;

2AB(g) xSlh; lkE; ds fy, fdlh fuf'pr rki ij lkE; fu;rkad 49 gSA ;fn bl rki ij ,d

can ik=k esa A 2 rFkk B 2 ds leeksyj feJ.k dks xeZ fd;k x;k rc lkE; feJ.k esa B 2 dk eksy izHkkt gS %

Sol.

1 (1) 9 2 (2*) 9 + A 2 B 2 1 1 1 –
1
(1) 9 2
(2*) 9
+
A 2
B 2
1
1
1 – x
1 – x
2x
= 7
1
x
2x = 7 – 7x
9x = 7
7
x =
9
2/9
1
X
=
=
B
2
2
9

2AB

0

2x

;

K = 49

(3)

3

8

1

(4) 8

11. Which of the following reactions nearly go to completion.

Sol.

12.

Sol.

fuEu esa ls dkSu lh vfHkfØ;k,sa lekfIr dh vksj vxzlj gS \

(1*) A 2 + B 2

(3) E 2 + F 2

If the value of K C is very large the reaciton is almost complete.

of K C is very large the reaciton is almost complete. 2AB ; 2EF K c

2AB ;

2EF

K c = 1 × 10 24

;

K c = 3.4 × 10 0

(2) C 2 + D 2 (4*) G 2 + F 2
(2) C 2 + D 2
(4*) G 2 + F 2

2CD

2GF

;

;

K C = 1 × 10 24

K c = 3.4 × 10 34

For the equilibrium N 2 O 4 2NO 2 , the value of equilibrium constant is 2 × 10 4 at a particular temperature if equilibrium is established by taking 2 moles of N 2 O 4 in 1 litre container then (1) Concentration of NO 2 at equilibrium is approximately 0.02 M (2*) Concentration of NO 2 at equilibrium is approximately 0.01 M (3*) Concentration of N 2 O 4 at equilibrium is approximately 2 M (4) Concentration of N 2 O 4 at equilibrium is approximately 1 M

of N 2 O 4 at equilibrium is approximately 1 M lkE; N 2 O 4

lkE; N 2 O 4

ds 3 eksy ysus ij lkE; LFkkfir gks tkrk gS rc % (1) lkE; ij NO 2 dh lkUærk yxHkx 0.02 M gSA (2*) lkE; ij NO 2 dh lkUærk yxHkx 0.01 M gSA

(3*) lkE; ij N 2 O 4 dh lkUærk yxHkx 2 M gSA (4) lkE; ij N 2 O 4 dh lkUærk yxHkx 1 M gSA

2NO 2 ds fy, ,d fuf'pr rki ij lkE; fu;rkad dk eku 2 × 10 –4 2 ds fy, ,d fuf'pr rki ij lkE; fu;rkad dk eku 2 × 10 –4 gSA ;fn 1 yhVj ds ik=k esa N 2 O 4

N 2 O 4

2–x

4x 2

2

esa N 2 O 4 N 2 O 4 2–x 4x 2 2 2NO 2 2x

2NO 2

2x

= 2 × 10 4

2 – x ~ 2

x = 0.01

13. Match the following :

Column I

Column II

(a)

For the equilibrium

 

NH 4 (s)

NH 4 (s) NH 3 (g) + H (g), if pressure is increased at equilibrium (P)

NH 3 (g) + H (g), if pressure is increased at equilibrium

(P) Forward shift

(b)

For the equilibrium

 

N 2 + 3H 2

N 2 + 3H 2 2NH 3 at equilibrium volume is increased at equilibrium (Q) No

2NH 3 at equilibrium volume is increased at equilibrium

(Q) No change

(c)

For the equilibrium H 2 O(g) + CO(g)

For the equilibrium H 2 O(g) + CO(g)

H 2 (g) + CO 2 (g) inert gas is

(R) Backward shift

added at constant pressure at equilibrium

(d)

For the equilibrium

PCl 5

at equilibrium (d) For the equilibrium PCl 5 PCl 3 + Cl 2 , Cl 2

PCl 3 + Cl 2 , Cl 2 is removed at equilibrium

(S) Final pressure is more than initial pressure P f > Pi

fuEu dks lqesfyr fdft, % dkWye I

 

dkWye II

 

(a)

fuEu lkE; NH 4 (s)

fuEu lkE; NH 4 (s)

NH 3 (g) + H (g),

(P) vxz fn'kk

ds fy,] ;fn lkE; ij nkc dks c<+k;k tkrk gks

 

(b)

fuEu lkE; N 2 + 3H 2

fuEu lkE; N 2 + 3H 2

2NH 3 ,

(Q) dksbZ

ifjorZu ugha

ds fy,] lkE; ij vk;ru dks c<k;k+ tkrk gks

 

(c)

fuEu lkE;

H 2 O(g) + CO(g)

(c) fuEu lkE; H 2 O(g) + CO(g) H 2 (g) + CO 2 (g) (R)

H 2 (g) + CO 2 (g)

(R) i'p fn'kk

fu;r nkc ij vfØ; xSl dks feyk;k tkrk gksa

(d)

fuEu lkE; PCl 5

fuEu lkE; PCl 5 PCl 3 + Cl 2

PCl 3 + Cl 2

 

(S) vfUre nkc] izkjafHkd nkc ls vf/kd gksxk P f > Pi

ds fy,] lkE; ij Cl 2 dks gVk;k tkrk gS

Ans.

(a – R, S ; b – R ; c – Q ; d – P, S)