Sei sulla pagina 1di 45


Topics Page

1. Celestial Arithmatic ..........................................................................2

2. Date of Birth and Calenders ............................................................5
3. Understanding Place of Birth,Time Zone and Time .........................8
4. Calculation of Sidereal Time and Ascendant ................................ 12
5. Cast Your Horoscope ................................................................... 15
6. Calculation of House of a Planet .................................................. 19
7. Know your Dasha .......................................................................... 23
8. The Art of Prediction ..................................................................... 28
9. Art of Prediction -2 ........................................................................ 31
10. Art of Prediction-3 ......................................................................... 33
11. Art of Prediction-4 ......................................................................... 35
12. Secrets of Astrology Unveiled ...................................................... 37
13. What is Correct -Nirayan or Sayan? Indian or Western ................ 41

Celestial Arithmatic

Future Point is starting a series of lessons on mathematics of astrology. These lessons will
give you insight about the calculations and will be useful to beginners as well as the learned.
To the beginners it will teach the computations in an easy way and to the learned it will be a
good review excercise while adding certain techniques of computations to their knowledge
bank. We are listing below some of the lessons which will form part of the series. Further list
shall be announced as it proceeds.
1. Celestial Arithmatic 4. Calculation of Sidereal Time.
2. Understanding Date & Time of birth in 5. Calculation of Ascendant & 10th house.
various calenders & clocks. 6. Calculation of Planet degrees.
3. Place of birth & its co-ordinates.
The first lesson on Celestial Arithmatic as given below will make you familiar with the basic
operations on degrees or hours and their corelation.

1. Notation: 1d = 1 day
1h = 1 hour
Time is measured in days, hours, minutes and sec-
1m = 1 minute
onds and is represented as 1d, 1h, 1m or 1s respec-
1s = 1 second
Note:- Do not use the symbols ' and " for minutes
Angle is measured in signs degrees, minutes and and seconds of time; they are used for minutes and
seconds and is represented as 1s,10, 1' or 1" re- seconds of a degree (or arc minutes and arc sec-
spectively. onds, repectively). For minutes and seconds of time
There stands a confusion in words minute and sec- use the symbols m and s respectively.
ond, each representing time as well as angle. 2. Conversion Scale:
Both have been well distinguished in their notation, We know it very well that
but to be explicit in speech, it is suggested to use
the word minute for angle. Similarly second should 1m = 1 minute of time = 60s = 60 seconds
be used for second of time and arc second for sec- 1h = 1 hour of time = 60m = 60 minutes of time
ond of angle. Thus 1d = 1 day = 24h = 24 hours
1s = 1 sign
10 = 1 degree 1' = 1 minute of arc = 60" = 60 seconds of arc
1' = 1 arc minute 10 = 1 deg. of arc = 60' = 60 minutes of arc
1" = 1 arc second 1S = 1 sign = 300 = 30 degrees
and, 1C = 1 circle = 3600 = 12 signs

Note that minute, second and arc minute & arc or 1910 41' 18"
second all are to a scale of 60 and not 100. Hence
do not use "." to distinguish between degree, arc Similarly, 10h 35m 48s
minute & arc second or hour, minute & second. 13h 40m 30s
For example 1.50 hour is not 1hour 50 minutes _________________
but 1 hour 50 hundredth of an hour, or 1 hour and 23h 75m 78s
30 minutes. Similarly 25 degrees 35 arc minutes or 1d 0h 16m 18s
should never be written as 25.350 but 250 35' ________________
3. Coordinate System: (ii) Subtraction :
To subtract two values in hours or degrees, first
The world is normally on a map with GMT in the
substract seconds fom seconds. If seconds to sub-
tract are more than the value to subtract from take
1800W 00 E/W 1800E carry from minute and add 60 to seconds. Next
900N subtract minutes from minutes, take a carry of 60
Longitude - Longitude + minutes from hours, if required. For example:
Latitude + Latitude + 620 35' 48'
53 40' 52"
00 N/S Equ- 0

Longitude -
ator _______________
80 54' 56"
Longitude +
Latitude - Latitude - _______________
GMT 21h 25m 30s
If we place the origin of the coordinate system at 9h
30 m

00 longitude & 00 latitude then it's longitude be- 11 h

5 s
comes +ve in East and -ve in West whereas lati-
tude becomes +ve in North & -ve in south. We
shall be following the above notation of + and - for (iii) Multiplication :
all computations later in the book. To multiply a figure in degrees or hours by a con-
stant, multiply seconds, minutes and degrees by
4. Arithmatic:
the constant respectively. Extract multiples of 60
(i) Addition: seconds to add to minutes & extract multiples of
To add hours, minutes and seconds or degrees, 60 minutes to add to degrees. If degrees are more
arc minutes and arc seconds, add the seconds to than 3600, discard multiples of 3600. For example
seconds, minutes to minutes and hours to hours
respectively. If seconds are 60 or more subtract 410 25' 30"
multiples of 60 & carry to the minutes. Similarly X 10
extract multiples of 60 from minutes & carry to ______________
hour or degree. e.g. 4100 250' 300"
700 55' 38' = 540 15' 0" (Discarding 3600)
Add 120 0
45' 40" ______________
In case of hours, discard mutiples of 24hours or
1900 100' 78" retain as days, if required :-

10h 25m 38s divisor 7, 1 can be added to 12s to round off the
X 10 result as 0h 24m 13s.
= 4d 8h 16m 20s 5. Angle - Hour Relationship:
(iv) Division: The earth moves around its axis to complete a cir-
To divide a value in degree by a constant extract cle in 24 hours. That is, it rotates by 360 degrees
multiples of divisor from degrees to get degree part in 24 hours. This gives us a relationship between
of quotient, convert remainder degrees into min- angle and time as follows:
utes and add minute value of dividend to it; extract
3600 = 24 hours
multiples of divisor from minutes to get minute value
or 150 = 1h
of quotient, convert remainder minutes into sec-
or 15' = 1m
onds and add second value of dividend; extract
or 15" = 1s
multiples of divisor again from seconds to get sec-
ond value of quotient.
or 24 hours = 3600
For example or 2h = 300
16)1200 38' 47"(70 =1s
112 or 4m = 10
8X60 = 480 or 4s = 1'
16)518(32' 6. Conversion:
512 Time zone of a country or longitude of a city can
6X60 = 360 be converted into time by the simple rule
+47 10 = 4m
16) 407(25" or 1 = 4s
7 that is multiply longitude by 4 to get the value in
Similarly hour value is divided by a constant time. East should be taken as "+" and West as "-".
For example, for India time zone is 820 30'.
7)6h 25m 30s(oh Multiplying by 4
144 820 30'
+25 x 4
7)169(24m 32m 120s
1X60 = 60
+30 = 5h 30m 0s
7) 90(12s For Delhi longitude is 770 13'
6 multiplying by 4 770 13'
Since the remainder is 6s which is more than 50% of _______
308m 52s

Date of Birth and Calenders

After Celestial Arithmatic in the January 1998

issue we now present understanding of date
and time of birth in various calenders and

ll measurements of along with the different lunar every fourth year the last
A time have historically
depended on astro-
calendars used in India. month February was a leap
year. February contained 29
1. Gregorian Calendar :
nomical observations - the days. However this colander
The Gregorian Calender was
day is measured from the ro- first introduced by Julian Cal- was fast by over 11 Minutes
tation earth on its axis, the endar. It was based on every year and by 1500 the
week approximates the 365.25 days. The year was error amounted to approxi-
changing phases of the Moon, divided in twelve months, of mately 11 days. To correct the
the month is measured from which eleven contained 30 or calendar, Pope Gregory or-
the revolution of the Moon 31 days and the 12th had 28 dered that October 15,1582
around earth and the year is days only. The first month was should follow October 4. The
measured from the revolution March and the last month was new Calender also moved
of earth around the Sun. February. July is named after the beginning of the year from
Julius Caesar and August af- March 25 to January 1. Feb-
Unfortunately earth or moon
ter Augustus Caesar, both ruary now did not have a leap
do not complete their cycle
months being allocated the year in centuries unless per-
in full no of days. Moon's cy-
full 31 days, as belittled a fectly divisible by 400. Thus
cle is 29.53059 days and
Caesar. The seventh month came the present Gregorian
earth's orbit around sun
was September, the eight Calendar into existence.
takes 365.242196 days. So
October, the ninth November
12 months are short of a According to the present
the tenth December, after the
year, and 13 months are Gregorian Calender aver-
Latin Septem, Octo, Novem
longer. In this lesson we de- age year is 365.2425 days
and Decem for seven, eight,
scribe here the history and nine & ten respectively. which is more than the ac-
detailing of the commonly tual by .000304 days, that is,
used Gregorian Calendar To account for quarter day, 26 seconds. This can be ac

counted for, if we again have Lunar calender is of two On the average year as
February of 28 days after kinds normally : 29.53 x 12 = 354.36 days,
3200 years. However, this is which is less by 11 days com-
(i) Closing at full Moon i.e.
not yet accounted in the pared to earth's cycle. Thus
Gregorian calendar. in every three years there is
(ii) Closing at New Moon i.e. an Adhik Mah to cover the
Indian National Calander:
Amanta. gap of these 11 days.
This is based on Sun - Starts
when Sayan Sun enters into In Purnimanta the month Kshay Mah occuse rarely. Af-
Aries. It was recommended starts 15 days before the new ter or before Kshay Mah
by the Calendar Reform Moon & ends on full Moon Adhik Mah occurs invariably.
Committee and introduced called Puranmasi meaning
by the Govt. of India from "month is complete." In The start of month or day is
22nd March 1957, corre- Amanta month starts after taken from Sun rise. Be-
sponding to the 1st of new moon. The months are cause of variable Moon.
Chaitra, 1879 Saka Era. In named same as in Indian speed two tithis may fall be-
this Calender the no. of days National Calender and they tween two sunrises and
assigned to each month and start within 15 days before or sometimes it may not fall
its starting is as follows : after, of starting of months in even once.
Month of Gregorian Date
Indian National Calender. This gives rise to formation
Indian Calender for 1st of the
Since the speed of Moon is of Adhik and Kshay tithis.
Chaitra (30 days March 22 (March variable and it can cross over Solar Calender : Like Lunar
31 days in a 21 in a leap year) Sun at any degree. New Calender Solar Calender is
leap year)
Vaisakha 31 days April 21
moon may sometimes occur based on the movement of
Jyaistha 31 days May 22 twice in the same Rasi or Sun. Sun's entry into Aries
Asadha 31 days June 22 may not occur at all in some starts the month Vaisakh and
Sravana 31 days July 23
Bhadra 31 days Aug 23
rasi. This gives formation of also the new year. The
Asvina 30 days Sep 23 Adhik & Kshay Mah respec- months are named same as
Kartika 30 days Oct 23 tively. In case of Adhik month; in Indian National Calender.
Agrahayana 30 days Nov 22
Pausa 30 days Dec 22
the two months are named as
Magha 30 days Jan 21 first and the other as second. Though the moment of Sun's
Phalgun 30 days Feb 20 Shukla Paksh of the first and entry into a sign is the same
Lunar Calender : This is the Krishna Paksh of the second all over India, yet the com-
most commonly used are called the adhik month, mencement of the corre-
calender in India. This is which is normally avoided in sponding month for civil pur-
based on the timing of new most muhurthas. In case of poses is not necessarily the
Moon. Depending upon kshay month, one month is same all over India, yet the
Moon's transit over Sun takes divided into two Pakshas commencement of the corre-
place in which sign, the and each month is assigned sponding month for civil pur-
month is named. When new one Paksh. The first month poses is not necessarily the
moon is in Aries, the month having Krishna Paksh is same all over India. In Pun-
is Vaishakh, in Taurus it is called Kshay Mah and the jab & Orisa the solar month
Jyestha etc. other is termed normal Mah. starts on the day of transit
into next sign. Here day have various Calendars be- and are named as
means one sunrise to next- ginning on the following date: Muharram, Safer, Ravi-Ul-
sunrise. In bengal and As- Avval, Ravi Ussani, Jamadi-
1. Gregorian Calender : 1st
sam, if transit happens be- Ul-avval, Jamadi Ussani,
Jan 99.
fore midnight (45 Ghatis), the Rajjab, Sawan, Ramjan,
solar month begins next day Different eras have following Savval, Jilked and Jilhej.
& when the transit occurs af- values : Muharram the first months
ter 45 Ghatis, the month be- coincides with or starts from
gins a day after. In Tamil, i. Gregorian 1999 A.D.
shukla Paksh of Vaisakh.
when the fraction of the day ii. Samvat 2056
The month start normally from
at which transit occurs does iii. Saka 1921
2nd in Shukla Paksh when
not exceed 30 Ghatis (Sun- iv. Kaliyuga Era. 5100
Moon is visible in the sky af-
set), the solar month begins v. Fusli San 1407
ter sun set. The day is
on the same day else next vi. Kollam Era 1175
counted from sunset to sun-
day. Since the sun takes dif- vii. Bengali San 1406
set. The only problem in Mus-
ferent times to transit a sign viii. Hejira 1420
lim Calender is that it can not
the month varies from 28 2. National Calender : 22 be defined in advance since
days to 31 days. March 99 it is based on visibility of
The lunar & solar calenders Moon. If Moon is not visible
3. Lunar Calendars :
are associated with vrious on the day month has to start,
Chaitradi : 18/3/99 it will be started from the next
eras. Some of the most Kartikadi : 10/10/99
commanly used are : day only when moon be-
4. Solar Calendars : comes clearly visible.
1. Vikram Era : 57 more than
the A.D. year and extensively Bengal & Assam - 15/04/99

used in Gujarat & all over Punjab & Orissa - 14/04/99
northern India except Bengal. South - 14/04/99
In Northern India year starts
from Chaitra Purima. It is also
5. Kollam Era : A.D. year
minus 824 is the Kollam Astrologers'
popularly known as "Malava
Era" or simply "Samvat".
Era. It is used in Malabar,
Cochin & Travancore. It Directory
In Gujarat Amanta month is
taken and year starts from
starts with solar Virgo in
North Malabar and with So- 1998
next day of Kartika New lar Leo in South Malabar.
Moon i.e. day of Diwali. 6. Bengali San : Current Get Your Copy
2. Saka Era : This is 78 less A.D. year minus 593 gives Rs 200/- Only
than A.D. year. This is also Bangali San. It starts with
Sun entry into Aries.
used extensively in North India. Write to :
Indian National Calender uses 7. Hejira (Muslim
this Saka. It is used both with Calender) : It is calculated Future Point
amanta & Purnimanta months by subtracting 579 from the
as well as with solar calender.
H-1/A, Hauz Khas
current A.D. year. The
To summarise year 1999 will monthly are based on Moon New Delhi-110016
Understanding Place of Birth,
Time Zone and Time Correction

In astrology place of birth is equally important as date and time

of birth. This lesson tells you how the place of birth affects the
calculations and how much precise we should be in specifying
the place of birth - whether a street, a colony, a city or a country.
Some important formulas to compute distance are described
when longitudes and latitudes are known. The lesson also ex-
plains importance of time zone and time correction.

n astrology place of birth plays an still a difference in sunrise mariginally from
important role. If it is day in India, it is one Latitude to other even if longitude re-
night in America. So the effect of Sun is mains the same.
reversed. Similarly effect of other planets also
change. Let us understand what is longitude or lati-
tude; how we measure it and how much dis-
This change in effect is more prominent lon- tance has how much effect in calculation of
gitudinally and is comparitively much less lati- horoscopes.
tudinally e.g. it remains day if we move South
to North - Sri Lanka to Russia. But there is Latitude: These are imaginary lines, paral
900N Meridian N
750 N
600 N

00 W 00 E

900S 00S S
Grid of Parallel of
Parallels of Latitude Meridians of Longitude Latitude and Longitude
lel to equator. The equator represents zero For all practical purposes, in India we can
degree latitude. consider 1 mile, making a difference of 1' in
longitude or latitude or combined difference
North pole is 900N and South Pole is 900S.
of both.
Longitude : These are imaginary vertical From formula 1 and 2 it is obvious that the
lines parallel to the prime meridian, which distance in North or South makes a variation
pass through Greenwich where the British in latitude, which is constant for all places on
Royal Observatory is located. The prime me- earth. However the longitude at least changes
ridian is at 00 longitude and we count 1800E as much as latitude and the variation be-
in East, to 1800W in West. 1800E and 1800W comes more and more prominent as latitude
coincide and represent the same vertical line increases. This is obvious because of the fact
just opposite to prime meridian. that equator the circumference of earth is
Unlike parallel of latitude, all meridians are maximum, where as it reduces as latitude in-
of equal length. Any place on earth can be creases and rate of change of circumference
uniquely assigned a longitude and latitude also increases with the increase in latitude.
and any such coordinates define a single A table can be drawn for distance covered
point on earth. Delhi has a longitude of by 1' of longitude at different latitudes.
77013'E and latitude of 28039'N.
Distance covered by 1' of Longitude
Since earth is spherical, every degree of lon- Latitude Distance in E-W direction
gitude does not represent equal distances. (Km.)
Span of 1' of Longitude or Latitude : 00 1.853
Let us determine the distance represented by 100 1.825
1' of the longitude or latitude; that is, how much 20 0
distance changes the coordinates by 1'. 300 1.605
40 0
Earth's mean radius "a" = 6371 km. 500 1.191
Considering the earth as sphere 60 0
700 0.634
10 of longitude at latitude f= p.
180 80 0
.........1 900 0.000
At Delhi (f = 28 39' N)
0 Distance covered by 1' of Latitude
10 of longitude = 97.6 Km. For all Longitudes 1.853 Km. in N-S direction
Thus 1' of longitude at Delhi

=1.626Km. Variation of Longitude and Latitude in a City

» 1 mile For latitudes like in India a city, which has span
and 10 of latitude = p x a Km. of 40 Kms. or a distance of 25 miles, can
make a difference of 25' in longitude and lati-
.........2 tude. This is particularly so in case of Delhi
For all longitudes and Mumbai, where the city stretches to over
10 of latitude = 111.2 Km. 40 kms. diagonally. In Delhi, where the ac-
or 1' of latitude= 1.853 Km. » 1.16 mile cepted coordinates 280 39' N & 770 13' E are
for New Delhi Railway Station, easily makes For rough computations of distance, we
a difference of over 25' in longitude and lati- may simply add up the difference of lon-
tude from one end to the other. gitude and latitude and equate that to
For example Nangal in South-West of Delhi miles.
has coordinates 28 033'N and 77 006'E,
whereas Vikas Kunj in North-East coordi- Example : Calculate the distance be-
nates of 28045'N and 77018'E, thus reflecting tween Delhi and Mumbai approximately.
a difference of 12' in longitude and 12' in lati-
Coordinates of Delhi 280 39' N 770 13'E
tude, with a total difference of 24'. Similarly Coordinates of Mumbai 180 58' N 720 50'E
in Bombay Dahisar in North has coordinates
19016'N and 72051'E, whereas Colaba in Difference 90 41' and
South has coordinates 18054'N and 72049'E, 040 23'
making a difference of 22' in latitude and 2' or 581' and
in longitude, again making a total difference
of 24'. adding the two, distance between Delhi and
Mumbai is
However small cities are normally only half or
844' » 844
even less than half the size of Delhi or Bom- miles
bay. Towns are only a few kms. in length or
breadth, thus making a total difference of few Taking 1 mile = 1.6 Km. difference between Delhi
minutes in all. If a centre point is chosen then and Mumbai is 1350 Km. approximately.
the difference does not exceed more than 1'
or 2' in latitude and longitude combined. For Distance between two points on the earth's
this reason for most of the towns and places, surface having longitude and latitude L1, f1
1' accuracy in longitude or latitude is just suf- and L2, f2 respectively can be computed ac-
ficient, whereas in metropolitan cities a fur- curately by first computing the angular dis-
ther breakup into small area is advisable. tance between the following points by the fol-
lowing formula :
To understand the total difference caused by
longitude and latitude, let us convert the maxi- Cos d = Sinf1.Sinf2+Cosf1.Cosf2.Cos (L1-L2)
mum combined difference in Delhi or Bom- then computing the required linear distance
bay (~25') into time. We find it is equivalent by the following formula
to 100s of time. And from a centre point it is
S = 6371p d/180 kms.
only ±50s. i.e. less than a minute! Thus when
where d is expressed in degrees.
time of birth is accurate only to a minute level,
taking the centre point of even the metros for
(Note: The formula does not work well for very
longitude or latitude is not going to add much
small values of d)
to the inaccuracy in results.
Computation of Distance:
We have seen above that there is a direct Example : Calculate the distance be-
relationship between distance and the longi- tween Delhi and Mumbai, taking the fol-
tude or latitude. We can easily compute the lowing coordinates.
areial distance between the two points on
earth if we know their coordinates accurately.

Some countries have a great longitudinal
Delhi : L1 = 77013' E f1= 28039' extent and so they adopt more than one stand-
ard time. For example USA has as many as
Mumbai: L2 = 72050' E f2 = 18058' N
5 standard times. The earth has been divided
Cosd = Sin28039'.Sin18058'+Cos28039'. into 24 time zones of one hour each. A few
Cos18058'.Cos(77013'-72050') countries like India adopt a time zone in be-
tween the two, like 5½ hour zone.
on solving, Cosd = 0.983324945
or d = 10.477956950
Time Correction

so, 6371*p*10.47795695 In countries with high latitudes, day duration

s = changes drastically from say 6 hours in win-
ters to 18 hours in summers. At poles this
or s = 1165 kms.
difference becomes so large that there is day
for six months and night for six months.
Note : - The result is accurate up to a few
Kms. The inaccuracy is mainly due to flatten- In Northern latitude May, June are longer,
ing of the earth, which has been ignored in the whereas in Southern latitude December
present formula. January are longer and they have summer at
this time. In summer the sun rises very early.
Longitude and Time
To take the advantage of sun light, the clocks
Sun is the best time-keeper throughout the are advanced by one hour during summer for
world. It Sun regularly rises and sets every day. about six months and it is set back to original
Local time can be measured by the shadow position during winter. This advanced time is
cast by the sun. All the places on a meridian called "summer time" or "day light saving
have midday at the same moment. If the earth time". At some places the correction is done
rotates from West to East, places East of for 2 hours and it is called as "double sum-
Greenwich are ahead of Greenwich time and mer time". Similarly sometimes it is only half
those in the West behind it. Since the earth an hour correction. Since this adjustment is
rotates 3600 in 24 hours, every 150 there is a only to save light, it is substracted before we
difference of 1 hour. do any astronomical calculation.
Standard Time Summary
Local time of places which are on different For astrological purposes we need date, time
meridians differ. In India there will be a time dif- and place of birth. City of birth is normally
ference of about 1 hour and 45 minutes in the sufficient as place of birth. Alongwith this one
local time of Dwarka in Gujarat and Dibrugarh in should know the standard time zone and the
Assam. It will be difficult to prepare a time-table
of trains which move from one corner to another.
day light saving time correction to know ex-
It is therefore necessary to adopt the local time
actly and correct the time of birth.
of some central meridian of a country as the With the knowledge of coordinates we can
standard time for the country. In India 82030'E is even determine the distance between two
treated as the standard meridian. The local time points. Longitudinal distance play vital role
at this meridian is taken as the standard time for in time gap compa red to latitude.
the whole country.

Calculation of
Sidereal Time and Ascendant

In this lesson we are describing sidereal time and are listing

the formulas to derive 10th house and ascendant degree
accurately using sidereal time. Oral computation of ascendant
is also described. Attention is drawn towards the common
error committed by most of the fellow astrologers in the
computation of ascendant or planet degrees.

ne Solar day is the we see that the earth has September 22). Thereafter,
time between two made 366.2422 circles about the difference increases
successive passages its axis in 365.2422 days. until half a year later it is 12
of the sun across the Each sidereal day is thus : hours (around March 23).
meridian as observed at a After one year, the times
particular place. In astrology, Duration of one sidereal day again coincide.
we are interested in motion To compute sidereal time
Duration of sidereal year
of stars. We want to know = manually, please refer to
the time period of earth when No. of sidereal days
“Tables of Ascendants” by
any star is observed to return 365.2422 N.C. Lahiri.
to the same position. Such =
366.2422 The 10th House or Mid-
a clock is called a sidereal
clock and its time, being = 23 hr. 56 m 4.09 s Heaven : The point of
regulated by stars is called (shorter by 3 min 55.91 intersection of the ecliptic of
sidereal time. seconds than the mean solar the given time with the
day of 24 hours.) meridian of the place is the
There are 365.2422 days in tenth house for that moment.
the year. During this period, GMT and Greenwich If A is the sidereal time
the earth makes one sidereal time coincide at expressed in degrees and B
revolution around the Sun. If one instant every year at the is the tenth house, then tenth
we look from remote stars, autumnal equinex (around house can be computed as :
Approximate computation
of Ascendant : The
ascendant can also be
computed approximately
orally from date of time of
birth. It does not vary much
because of latitude or
longitude, if local time is
taken. So take the standard
time & roughly estimate the
local time. Take the date of
birth and estimate the Sun
degree, using the fact that it
is 00 on 14th April and it
advances by 10 everyday or
1 sign every month.
Month Sun’s
tan B = tan A Sec w where j is the latitude of the
place. April Aries
where w is the inclination of May Taurus
earth’s equatorial plane to Ascendant = B + E ....(5) June Gemini
the ecliptic.
The value of the ascendant July Cancer
Ascendant : The ascendant as calculated above is the August Leo
is the point of intersection of sayan value. Subtracting September Virgo
the ecliptic with the eastern ayanamsa we get nirayana October Libra
horizon of the place.
ascendant. The above November Scorpio
if A is the sidereal time in formulae gives accurate December Sagittarius
degrees + 900 values of ascendant. In January Capricorn
then absence of scientifc
February Aquarius
calculators, the ascendant &
tan B = tan A cos w ....(1) March Pisces
the tenth house can be
From A & B, we can evaluate computed using tables of If the date of birth is
D the declination & q =90 - ascendant by N.C. Lahiri. December 13th, then as per
angle between meridian & However, calculation of table given Sun enters into
ecliptic, as: ascendant using tables gives Sagittarius on 15th Dec.
rise to errors because of Hence it is approximately on
sin D = sin A sin w ....(2) 28 0 scorpio on 13th
tables not available for the
sin q = sin w cos b ....(3) December in any year.
given place or for the given
From D & q, we compute sidereal time. This error Since at Sun rise, Sun is at
the ascendant as : some times goes upto many the eastern horizon, so the
tan E = sin D tan(j + q) ..(4) minutes of arc. Sun degree matches with the
ascendant degree. Hence at between the two signs also go for the method prescribed
Sun rise on 13th December gives us ascendant accurate above. It will give
any year, the ascendant is to a degree normally sufficient approximately correct value
approximately 280 Scorpio. for most of the astrological of ascendant for any
After that it increases by the predictions. longitude or latitude (south
sign every 2 hours or 10 every latitude also).
Ascendant calculation for
4 minutes. More accurately,
foreign births : To utmost To make the task further
it crosses six signs from
surprise, at least 50% easy, take any Panchang
Sun rise to Sun set and next
astrologers commit mistake which gives ending moment
six signs from Sun set to
in calculating the ascendant of signs for given local time
Sun rise. So if time of birth
for foreign births. This is of birth. Compute the local
is 1 PM and since sunrise
mainly because they convert time by making oral
is approximately at 7.15
the time of birth to Indian correction for longitude to
AM in Delhi at that time and
Standard time. This way if a time zone and look into the
day duration is only about
birth has taken place in the table to get ascendant
10 hours the ascendant
morning in New York, it accurate to few degrees.
after 5hrs. 45 minutes of
This works because of the
sunrise shall be 3 signs and
50% astrologers basic fact that ascendent
few degrees away than the
varies only by a few degrees
Sun, that is, it will be just commit mistake in
due to latitude.
crossing Aquarious and calculating the
reaching Pisces. ascendant for foreign Further note that to calculate
births. This is mainly planet positions using
Actual calculations show that
because they convert ephemeris or Panchangs, it
ascendant on 13.12.56 at 1
the time of birth to is necessary to convert time
PM at Delhi is 907’ Pisces.
Indian Standard Time. from other time zone to IST
Traditionally, we calculate since the Panchangs are
ascendant from Ishta Ghati giving values at IST only.
using Palabha, Lankodaya, becomes evening in India.
This is the common mistake
Udaymaan and Sun degrees Then when we calculate the
done by most of the
for different signs. However horoscope, we find sun
astrologers that they convert
because of better placed in the 7th house,
time to IST for calculation of
trignometric methods whereas it should be in the
ascendant and take the time
described above we are not ascendant by virtue of the
as it is for calculation of
putting it down here. definition of ascendant itself.
planet degrees. So,
To make the task easy, The trignometric method remember : Do no convert
Panchangs give ending time above holds good for any time to IST for ascendant
of ascending signs on daily date, time and place of birth. calculation of foreign
basis for a given place. These You do not have to change births but convert the time
tables can be directly used to anything anywhere. However, to IST for planet degree
get fairly correct ascendant if you want to compute calculations.
sign. An interpolation of time ascendant orally, then also
Cast Your Horoscope

The chart is pictorial representation of earth. The planets

that revolve around earth are placed in the chart indicating
their respective position. This lesson describes the method
of calculation of planetry positions. Different system of
presentation of charts is described so that one may
cast his horoscope in the desired fashion.

n the last issue we this, extra efforts are required cause planets do not move
explained how to & even computer horo- with a regular speed. The
compute your ascen- scopes need be verified be- speed increase or de-
dant. Now we need to place fore accepting them as such. creases with time. If the
the planets in the chart. To speed of the planet is more
The ephemeris or Panchang
compute the planet degrees, in the beginning and less to-
is a collection of daily or
we recommend the readers wards the end, the values
weekly position of planet po-
to follow Ephemeris by N.C. obtained are slightly more
sitions in a tabular form. The
Lahiri. You can get these than the actual longitudes be-
position for a given date and
ephemeris from 1900 till cause, in actual the planet
time can be obtained simply
date. You can also get ad- moves a little more than what
by taking average. Averages it moves on average.
vanced ephemeris by other
are normally sufficient for As-
authors for up to 2050 or
trological purposes, but we can The problem of speed of
2100. However, if you want
not take it as accurate positions planet occurs mainly for
to compute horoscope for a Moon only because Moon
of the planet for that date &
date before 1900 or after plays the maximum Role in
time. For more accuracy one
2100 then you can get it astrological computations.
can go to interpolaxtion tech-
through a computer which
niques using more data avail- Example : Compute planet de-
are normally available from
able in the ephemeris. grees for Native born on
year 1 to year 9999. How-
ever for dates even beyond The deviations occur be- 15.1.1970 at 11.30 AM at Delhi :

Please refer “Condensed Ephemeris 1961-71” by NC Lahiri. We get the following degrees
listed in the ephemeris.

Sun Mar. Ven Jup. Sat

17.1.1970 9s 30 01' 11s 00 43' 9s 10 09' 6s10047' 0s8047'
15.1.1970 9s 00 59' 10s 290 13' 8s28038' 6s10035' 0s8044'
at 5.30 AM. 20 2' 10 30' 2031' 12' 3'

Mer Mon Rahu Ura Nep. Plu

16.1.1970 8 25 58'
s 0
0 19 15'
s 0
1.2.70 10 18 39'
s 0
5 15 11'
s 0
7 7 12'
s 0
5 3 40'
s 0

15.1.1970 8s 270 13' 0s60 23' 1.1.70 10s20033' 5s15017' 7s6027' 5s3057'
(-) 10 15 12052' - (-) 10-54' (-) 6' 45' -17'

Note that (-) Sign in the calculation indicates the backward or retrograde motion of the planet
The planet degrees are given for 5hr 30min in the morning and time of birth is 11h 30 m. i.e..
6 hrs Later. So on average we find the planets movement as under.
Mon Mer.
120 521 x 6 hr Similarly : -1015'
= 30 131 = (-)19'
24 hr. 4
Sun Mars Ven Jup Sat
20 2' x 6 hr 1030' 20 31' 12' 3'
= 15' = 11' = 17' = 1' = 0'
48 hr 8 8 8 8

Rah. Ura Nep. Plu.

(-)1054' x 14.25 (-)6' x 14.25 45' x 14.25 -17' x 14.25
= (-) 52' = (-) 3' = 21' = (-) 8'
31 days 31 31 31

With this the Planet degrees at the time of birth becomes as under :
Mon Mer Sun Mar Ven
0s6023' 8s27013' 9s0059' 10s29013' 8s28038'
3013' (-) 19' 15' 11' 17'
0s9036' 8s26054' 9s1014' 10s29024' 8s28055'

Jup Sat Rah Ura Nep Plu

6s10035' 0s8044' 10s20033' 5s15017' 7s6027' 5s3057'
1' 0' -52' -3' +21' -8'
6s10036' 0s8044' 10s19041' 5s15014' 7s6048' 5s3049'

Ketu always being 6 signs Casting Horoscope : In the North Indian style as-
away from Rahu comes to cendant is always fixed at the
Knowing the ascendant and
4s190 41'. top and the zodiac moves
the planet degrees, we can
The above example shows cast the horoscope. The chart anticlock wise. In the South
the planet degree computa- that we draw is representa- Indian style, Zodiac is fixed
tion for places in India using tion of earth. The planets re- in the clock wise direction;
Lahiri Ephemeris which are volve around earth. For the ascendant & planets move
made for IST. There is no pictorial representation of along the zodiac as the time
time rectification required planets position around earth, changes. In Bengali style zo-
for places in India. The we place them in the twelve diac is again fixed but
tables are to be used as divisions around earth. anticlock wise, ascendant &
such without correcting time The pictorial representation planets move along the zo-
to local time. of planets around earth is dif- diac like South Indian Sys-
If the place of birth is out of ferent at different places. tem .In western style the as-
India, e.g. New York which is Mainly it is represented in cendant is fixed and placed
10 hrs 30 min behind India - four ways. on the left hand side whereas
Then the time has to be con-
verted to IST before applying
these tables i.e.
15.1.1970 11.30 A.M. New Aries
York is equivalent to Ascendant
15.1.1970 22.00 hrs. Delhi.
for calculations of planet de-
Similarly if we are using tables
made for GMT or any other
time zone, we must convert
time in IST to that time zone
North Indian South Indian
and then use such tables.
This is one of the common Aries
mistake made by most as-
trologers. Since this mis-
take does not make much Ascendant
difference in planet degrees,
it gets overlooked. However,
this does change the
Moon’s position by few de-
grees and thus related com-
putations, specially Dasa
gets changed. Bengali Western
Zodiac moves in the Mon Sat
anticlock wise direction: 1
Mar XRah
Asc Mon
2 10 Sun
Again working on the ex- Asc Mar XRah
ample horoscope we place 12
3 9 XMer Ven
the ascendant & the planets 6 Sun XKet
in the four styles as follows . : XUra X Plu
4 8 Nep
Planet Sign Degree 5
X Ket
Jup XMer Ven Nep Jup XUra X Plu

Asc Pis 2205'

Sun Cap 1014' North Indian South Indian
Mon Ari 9036'
Mar Aqu 29024'
Mer-R Sag 26054'

Mon Sat
Jup Lib 10036' Ma


X Mer
XRah rX

Ven Sag 250155'

h 10 9

11 8

Sat Ari 8044' Sun

Asc 12 7 Jup

Rah-R Aqu 19041'

1 6 X Ura X P
at lu
nS 2
Mo 5
Ket -R Leo 19041'
3 4 X
XKet XMer t
Ura-R Vir 15014' Jup

Nep Sco 6048' XUra Nep


Plu-R Vir 3049'

Bengali Western
A cross sign has been marked
requirement. All the charts rep- to one kind of chart and we
with planets those are retro-
resent the same horoscope. suggest every user to stick to
grade similarly other marks like
the style he finds himself
combustion or shifting of
However, with practice, an more comfortable.
house in chalit can also be
placed depending upon the astrologer gets accustomed

Calculation of House
of a Planet

It is very important to consider the house division for correct

predictions. The planets show their behaviour according
to the house they occupy. This lesson describes the
method to calculate the dimensions of the house
and thus determine in which house the planet lies. It also
describes the Western or K P Method of house division.

Ascendant (Centre of 1st House)

y now we have learnt how to calculate Bhava Sandhi (End of 1st House) Bhava Sandhi (Start of 1st House)

ascendant, tenth house and planets'

position. Using this data, we shall now house
determine the span of a house and in which 2nd 12th

Midheaven (Centre of 10th House)

house house
house a planet is posited.
What is a House? 3rd

The circle of the zodiac is divided into 12 10th

divisions called houses. Each house does 4th house
not necessarily extend to 300 - it is either less house
or more. According to the Vedic astrology, 5th house
ascendant is the mid point of the first house house
and mid heaven is the mid point of the tenth 8th
6th house
house. A house starts approximately 150 be- house 7th
fore the mid point and extends about 150 be- house
yond the mid point. The point at which the Descendant (Centre of 7st House)

first house ends and next house starts is Indian system of House Division
called "Bhava Sandhi" and the house ex- planet, depending upon its degree, falls in
tends from first Sandhi to the next. However, one sign and one house. The house as vis-
the whole sign does not fall in one house. A ible in the Lagna chart is not the planet's ac-
house normally extends over two signs. Each tual house position.
House division tend to differ if the ascendant degree is high
and planet degree is low or vice versa. To rep-
For any date, time and place, there are some resent this situation, sometimes we place the
stars rising in the eastern origin and some planet in Bhava Sandhi. We draw a chart with
stars setting in the western horizon. This is twelve houses and twelve Bhava Sandhis. The
because of the earth's rotation around its planet which is in the same house in Lagna
axis. The eastern horizon is called the first or as per house degrees, it is placed in the
house, whereas the western horizon is the house; else it is placed in the Bhava Sandhi.
Mid heaven In the South Indian style where each box rep-
resents a sign (not a house) we mark the
houses with degrees and place the planets
and houses in the order of the degree they
Western Eastern own. If a planet is beyond the limit of the
Horizon. Horizon. house we take it in the next house.
Earth Ascendant
Different methods are in vogue to determine
the extent of the house. However, only two
7th house. The point above the head of the systems of house division are common.
person is called the mid heaven or the 10th
1. Indian system of house division : In this
house. In Indian system of house division the system ascendant and the mid heaven are
rising point, the setting point and the mid calculated and the difference between them
heaven point are considered the centre of is divided into six equal parts. The mid
the 1st house, 7th house and 10th house re- heaven is the centre of 10th house. Adding
spectively, whereas in the western system the sixth part gives the ending of 10th house
these are considered the starting points of or starting of 11th house. Adding of sixth part
the houses. again and again gives 11th house middle,
12th house beginning, 12th house middle, 1st
Why do we calculate house house beginning and 1st house middle. In a
In astrology, we describe the planet's results similar way adding to the ascendant succes-
in a particular house. The planets are known sively the sixth part of the difference between
to give results according to the house in 4th house and the ascendant, longitudes of
which they live. The Lagna chart only tells us the 2nd and 3rd houses are obtained. The
in which sign a planet is posited. It also tells remaining houses can be calculated by add-
us about the aspects of a planet on the other ing 6 signs to each of the opposite house.
planets. However, it does not confirm the Example : Compute house degrees for na-
house in which a planet is situated. So we tive born on 15.01.1970 at 11.30 AM at Delhi.
make another chart called Chalit, which gives
us the information about the house in which From the previous lessons we have :
a planet is posited. Ascendant : Pisces 22051'
Tenth house : Sagittarius 1707'
To draw the Chalit chart, determine the start-
ing point of the twelve houses as described Subtracting 10th house degree from ascendant
and if the planet degree lies in the extent of We get 352051'
the house, then place the planet in that house. 257007'
Normally the house position derived in such 95044'
a manner and the house occupied by the
planet in the Lagna chart are same. But they Dividing by 6 we get 15057'20"
Adding this to 10th house degree we get 2 Ari. 27017'
3 Tau. 23036'
10th house Sag. 17071
4 Gem. 1707'
11th house beginning Cap. 304'
5 Can. 1206'
11th house middle Cap. 1902' 6 Leo. 12055'
12th house beginning Aqu. 4059' 7 Vir. 22051'
12th house middle Aqu. 20056' 8 Lib. 27017'
1st house beginning Pisc. 6054' 9 Sco. 23036'
1st house middle Pisc. 22051' 10 Sag. 1707'
Similarly computing other house degrees 11 Cap. 1206'
we get : 12 Aqu. 12055'
House House Start House Middle The model horoscope planet degrees are
as follows :
1 Pis. 6054' Pis. 22051'
2 Ari. 6054' Ari. 20056' Planet Sign Degree
3 Tau. 4059' Tau 1902' Sun Cap 1014'
4 Gem. 304' Gem 1707' Mon Ari 9036'
5 Can. 304' Can 1902' Mar Aqu 29024'
6 Leo. 4 59'
Leo 20056' Mer-R Sag 26054'
7 Vir. 6054' Vir 22051' Jup Lib 10036'
8 Lib. 6054' Lib. 20056' Ven Sag 25015'
9 Sco. 4059' Sco. 1902'
Sat Ari 8044'
10 Sag. 304' Sag. 1707'
Rah-R Aqu 19041'
11 Cap. 304' Cap. 1902'
Ket -R Leo 19041'
12 Aqu. 4059 Aqu. 20056'
Ura-R Vir 15014'
2. Western system or placidus system Nep Sco 6048'
of house division : In this system, the star Plu-R Vir 3049'
rising in the eastern horizon is on the ascend-
ant. It then passes over the 12th house, the The Lagna chart is as below :
11th house, the 10th house etc. in equal in-
tervals of time, until it sets when it reaches Mon Sat Mar XRah
the descendant. The ascendant and mid 1 11
heaven are taken as start of the respective 2
10 Sun
house and not the centre. The exact method 12
of calculation of house degrees is difficult 3 9 XMer Ven
and tables are available to compute it on the 6
basis of the sidereal time or the 10th house. 4
XUra X Plu 8 Nep
5 7
Krishnamurthy System uses the above sys- X Ket Jup
tem of house division only.
The values calculated for the model horo- The planets Sun and Pluto to move to previ-
scope for the twelve cusps, as per placidus ous house as per Indian system of house
system, are : division, because Sun is at Cap 1014' and
the 11th house starts from Cap 305', hence
Cusp Sign Cusp degree
leaving Sun in the 10th house. Similarly Pluto
1 Pis. 22051' is at Virgo 3049', 7th house starts from Virgo
6054' thus leaving Pluto in the 6th house. Here Sat and Mon move to the 1st Cusp,
Hence Chalit chart is as shown. Plu and Uranus in 6th cusp Jupiter in 7th,
Neptune in 8th and Sun in 10th, rest in the
Mon Sat
Mar Rah
same cusp as in Lagna.
Bhratra Tanu Labha If we do a comparative study we find the
Sun house of the planets in the given horoscope
Matra Karma in Lagna, Chalit and cuspal charts as fol-
Mer Ven lows:
Kalatra Bhagya
Putra Ura Nep Planet Lagna Chalit Cusp
Roga Ayu (Ind.Sys.) (Wes. Sys.)
Ketu Plu Jup
Sun 11 10 10
Chalit Chart Mon 2 2 1
It is also represented as. Mar 12 12 12
Mer 10 10 10
Jup 8 8 7
Ven 10 10 10
Sat 2 2 1
V y Rah
Mo han


Rah 12 12 12



Bh a
Ket 6 6 6

a La
Karma Ura 7 7 6
Mer Ven Nep 9 9 8
Bh Plu 7 6 6
tra Ne agya
Pu p
From the table we notice that many planets
Ket a

change their cuspal position compared to



Plu Lagna chart whereas only a few change in the

Chalit chart. This is because in the cuspal chart
ascendant degree is taken as the start of the
Chalit Chakra house and not the middle. So the probability
In the Chalit Chakra, it is clear from the place- of change of house is increased. Secondly, in
ment that Sun and Pluto to have moved out cusp more planets move to the previous
from their house to the previous house. house, again because the start of house in
cusp is higher than in chalit.
The cusp chart as per the western system is
shown as follows : Important
It is very important to consider the house di-
I 22051'
Sat 8044'
Mon 9036' III 23 36'
IV 17 7'
0 vision for correct predictions. The planets
II 27017' show their behaviour according to the house
they occupy. The behaviour is enhanced de-
XII 12055'
Mar 29024' V 1206'
pending upon its strength, which is deter-
Rah 19041' mined depending upon the sign or
Cusp Chart Nakshatra it occupies. Hence use Lagna
XI 1206' VI 12055' chart only to know the sign in which a planet
Sun 1014' Ket 19041' is posited and use Chalit chart to confirm the
house position of the planet. Do not take the
Mer 26054'
VIII 27017'
Plu 3049' aspects as per the house or Lagna chart.
Ven 25015'
X 1707'
IX 23036'
Nep 6048'
Jup 10036'
Ura 15014'
VII 22051'
Look at the degrees to determine if there is
any aspect between two planets.
Know Your Dasha

In Astrology it is understood that at any point of time nature

is governed by a planet and the position of that planet in the
horoscope determines how the native will feel or behave.
This chapter details the calculation of the planet acting at any
point of time and the period for which the planet rules.

o predict the past present and At the time of birth of the native, the constel-
future, saints evolved the system of lation occupied by the Moon determines
"Dasha" or period. Any planet influ- which planet will rule at that time. The fraction
ences someone more than others at some of the constellation balance at that time de-
point of time, than the other planet takes over
termines the "balance of Dasha", that is the
and so on.
time period for which the planet will rule after
Many Dasha systems have been described birth. After the end of the ruling period of that
as many as 42. But the most common and - planet, other planets rule one by one in the
popular Dasha system is "Vimshottari". As cyclic order as listed in table 1.
the name suggests, the complete cycle of
Dasha is of 120 years. All the nine planets Let us understand it by an example. In the
take part in this system. The periods and the model horoscope in the previous issue, we
constellation assigned to them is as follows: have date of birth 15-1-1970, time 4.30 A.M.
Table -1 and place of birth Delhi. On this date and time
Moon's degree is Aries 90 361 , that is, it is in
Planet Constellation Year
Ashwini Nakshatra. Ashwini starts at 00 Ar-
Sun Krittika, U. Phalguni, Uttar Ashada 6
Moon Rohini, Hasta, Shravana 10
ies and extends upto 130201 Of Aries. This
Mars Mrigshira, Chitra, Dhanistha 7 way Moon has crossed 90 361 of Aries and
Rahu Ardra, Swati, Satbhisha 18 has 130 201 - 90 361 = 30 441 still to go. From
Jupiter Punarvasu, Vishakha, P. Bhadrapada 16 table-I we find Ashwini is represented by Ketu
Saturn Pushya, Anuradha, U. Bhadrapada 19
Mercury Ashlesha, Jyestha, Revati 17
having a period of 7 years. Hence the native
Ketu Magha, Mool, Ashwini 7 was born when ketu was ruling and it had a
Venus P. Phalugni, Purva Ashada, Bharani 20 balance of

30 441 x 7 years = 1.96 years 1 - 1 - 2015
130 201 = 1 year 16 months Rahu 18
16 days
1 - 1 - 2033
Adding this period to date of birth, we get Jupiter 16

15 - 1 - 1970 1 - 1 - 2049
16 - 11 - 1 Saturn 19

1 - 1 - 1972 1 - 1 - 2068
Memory 17
ie. the native experienced influence of Ketu
1 - 1 - 2085
for 1 year 16 months 16 days from birth till
1 Jan. 1972. Thereafter, according to table No one will be satisfied if we tell him how he
1, was under the influence of Venus for 20 will go through his next 10 or 20 years in nut
years upto 1-1-1992; followed by Sun for 6 shell. He would want to know the effects of
years upto 1-1-1998, then by Moon for 10 events in detail. So the above Dashas are
years 1-1-2008 and so on. further subdivided into sub periods or Antar
Dashas. During the planet's Dasha, Antar
Note that the period of 1 year 11 months 16
Dasha starts from planet itself, followed by
days is called the balance of 7 years of Ketu
the same sequence as given in table I. The
20 years of Venus etc. are called Dasha pe-
period is also subdivided into the same frac-
tions as assigned in table No. 1. In brief Sun
Thus we compute the Dasha periods for na- rules for 6 years. Sun will have its own sub
ture as follows : period first for 6x6/120 = 36/120 years
Balance of Dasha : 1 year 11 months 16 days, = 36 x 12 months
of Ketu. 120
= 3 months 18 days
D.O.B. 15 - 1 - 1970
Balance of Ketu 16 - 11 - 1 After this will come Moon's sub period. Moon
represents 10 years out of total span of 120
1 - 1 - 1972
years of Vimshottari dasa. So it will rule for
Venus 20
1/12th part of the total period of 6 years of
1 - 1 - 1992 Sun .
Sun 6
Thus Moon will have sub period of
1 - 1 - 1998 6 x 10/120 = ½ = 6 months
Moon 10
In a similar manner we can compute sub pe-
1 - 1 - 2008 riods of all the planets while major influence
Mars 7 of other planet is there.

Table 2 : Vimshottari Sub Periods
Sub Periods of Sun Dasha

Planet Sun Moon Mars Rahu Jupiter Saturn Mer Ketu Ven
Year 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Month 3 6 4 10 9 11 10 4 0
Day 18 0 6 24 18 12 6 6 0

Sub Periods of Moon Dasha

Planet Moon Mars Rahu Jupiter Saturn Mer Ketu Ven Sun
Year 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0
Month 10 7 6 4 7 5 7 8 6
Day 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Sub Periods of Mars Dasha

Planet Mars Rahu Jupiter Saturn Mer Ketu Ven Sun Moon
Year 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
Month 4 0 11 1 11 4 2 4 7
Day 27 18 6 9 27 27 0 6 0

Sub Periods of Rahu Dasha

Planet Rahu Jupiter Saturn Mer Ketu Ven Sun Moon Mars
Year 2 2 2 2 1 3 0 1 1
Month 8 4 10 6 0 0 10 6 0
Day 12 24 6 18 18 0 24 0 18

Sub Periods of Jupiter Dasha

Planet Jupiter Saturn Mer Ketu Ven Sun Moon Mars Rahu

Year 2 2 2 0 2 0 1 0 2
Month 1 6 3 11 8 9 4 11 4
Day 18 12 6 6 0 18 0 6 24

Sub Periods of Saturn Dasha

Planet Saturn Mer Ketu Ven Sun Moon Mars Rahu Jupiter
Year 3 2 1 3 0 1 1 2 2
Month 0 8 1 2 11 7 1 10 6
Day 3 9 9 0 12 0 9 6 12

Sub Periods of Mercury Dasha

Planet Mer Ketu Ven Sun Moon Mars Rahu Jupiter Saturn
Year 2 0 2 0 1 0 2 2 2
Month 4 11 10 10 5 11 6 3 8
Day 27 27 0 6 0 27 18 6 9

Sub Periods of Ketu Dasha

Planet Ketu Ven Sun Moon Mars Rahu Jupiter Saturn Mer
Year 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
Month 4 2 4 7 4 0 11 1 11
Day 27 0 6 0 27 18 6 9 27

Sub Periods of Venus Dasha

Planet Ven Sun Moon Mars Rahu Jupiter Saturn Mer Ketu
Year 3 1 1 1 3 2 3 2 1
Month 4 0 8 2 0 8 2 10 2
Day 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

To compute the table 2, the basic formula is : sub-sub periods (Sookshma Dasha) or even
Sub period of a planet = (period of major further adopting the same procedure as for
planet x period of sub period. The formula for sub-sub period
sub planet/120 will be :
years.) Sub-sub period = (Period of major
Since 1 year contains 12 months, the above (Pratyantar Dasha) planet x period of
formula reduces to sub planet x period
of sub-sub planet) /
Sub period = (period of major (120x120) years
planet x period of
= (Period of major
sub planet/10) in
planet x period of
months. sub planet x period
We multiply the two periods and put a deci- of sub-sub planet) /
mal after one digit from the right. The whole 1200 months
number so obtained gives in the months for Sub-sub-sub period = (Period of major
the Antar Dasha and the traditional part mul- (Sookshma Dasha) planet x period of
tiplied by 3 gives the number of days for of sub planet x period
the sub period. of sub-sub planet x
Sun's sub period in Maha Dasha of Sun will period of sub-sub-
be 6 x 6 = 36 sub planet)/
putting decimal It is 3.6 months. years.
By multiplying decimal part by 3 we get = (Period of major
planet x period of
3.6 x 3 = 3 months 18 days sub planet x period
Sub-Sub Periods : For further refining the of sub-sub planet x
results, we can divide the sub periods into period of sub-sub-
sub-sub periods (Pratyantar Dasha) and sub- sub planet)/
(1200x120) Though mathematically it seems to be viable
months. to go even further down the step, however
= (Period of major these, calculation is highly susceptible to er-
planet x period of rors because of inherent errors in time of birth
sub planet x period and we do not suggest at all to go beyond 5
of sub-sub planet x levels. Even 5th level is normally inaccurate
period of sub-sub- enough to make it absurd. 1 minute of time
sub planet)/ 40 days causes 30" = 1/2 of error in Moon. This shifts
the Dasha of Sun by
The smallest sub-sub-sub period is of Sun-
Sun-Sun -Sun, which is 6 years x 365 days x 24 hours 1
1296 130 201 x 60 2
= 6x6x6x6 = 3.24 days = 33 hours
400 400
Whereas the entire Pran Dasha of Sun is only
If we go one step deep we get Prana Dasha of
x 4 hours, the difference of 33 hours further
Sun-Sun-Sun-Sun-Sun = 3.24 x 6 days gets amplified to 110 hours, that is 5 days if
120 the Moon is in the constellation of Venus at
= .162 days the time of birth.
= 4 hours. only
Note : While computing Dasha dates
For a thought : There are many
we add days to days, months to months
and years to years. If days are more inherent problems with Dasha
than 30, we take a carry over of 1 to calculation. Dasha changes very fast
months and similarly if months are more with the absolute value of Moon's
than 12 we take a carry over of 1 to year.
Here we do not take into account the position. It does not depend upon any
actual number. of days in a month. other value and doubt in the value of
It seems that we are taking a year as Ayanamsa makes it almost useless.
360 days only - 12 months x 30 days Secondly, there are so many Dasha
per month. However, this is a wrong systems and it is not known which
understanding. Actually, we are dividing
the year into months by multiplying by Dasha should be applied when.
12 and further converting into days by Thirdly, the periods assigned to
multiplying of 30. We add up in the different planets seem to be quite
same manner. So it is not correct to add adhoc and no reasoning is available
by taking actual days of months into
consideration. This simplicity of anywhere. This makes the Dasha
calculation takes the year as 365.25 system very doubtful and the transit
days. The actual dates computed by of planets seems to give a much
rigorous calculations by taking actual better method of timing an event. Yet,
days of the months and by this simple
method differ only by a few days; it is difficult to deny the system of
accurate practically for all astrological Dasha. Often it seems to be giving
purposes. results with undoubted accuracy.

The Art of Prediction

By now we have learnt how to cast horoscope. Even the best

casting is useless if we can not use it for prediction. In this
lesson we describe how to start predicting a horoscope.

here are three basic there are only nine planets which planet is effective to
parameters in a and some planets combine give results at what time.
horoscope : 1. planet together in a house, some
houses are left empty. The To understand what the horo-
2. house and 3. Rashi (sign). scope has in store for a na-
Twelve Rashis are spread planets possess some intrin-
sic properties and when tive, let us study how the plan-
over twelve houses; on an av- ets have co-relation with life.
erage one Rashi occupies mixed with the colour of sign
and house they occupy, they We give below the basic na-
one house. However, Rashi ture of planets and houses
is exactly 300, whereas a change their colour, leading
to different behaviour, at dif- and also what they signify.
house may vary in size and
the starting of house may fall ferent time of births. Study of Signification of Planets
at any Rashi at any point. It is this change in behaviour of
equivalent to placing one cir- the planets is basic astrology. Sun : Sun is the king, soul,
cle over the other, both hav- father, will power, life, glory,
There are three basic rea- health, sovereignty and
ing same dimensions, but sons why planets behave dif-
any one point on circumfer- clothes. Its colour is pink or
ferently, like red. It has anger but momen-
ence of one circle can be
made to align with any point 1. the house in which it is tary. Its element is gold and
on circumference of the other placed. gem ruby. East is repre-
circle. The rest of the circle sented by Sun.
gets automatically placed. 2 sign in which it is placed
Moon : It is a cold, calm and
Similarly in a horoscope we 3. other planets associated quiet planet and represents
determine the Lagna (first with aspecting it. mind, mother, motherland,
house position) and place money, eyes, lungs, liquids
the Rashi circle over the rest Once the planet's behaviour
and nurses. Its colour is white,
of the twelve houses. is ascertained because of its
direction north-east, element
placement, the results are
After fixing the signs over is silver and gem pearl.
changed with time, depend-
houses we place the planets ing upon Dasha operating at Mars : Mars is a soldier and
in the various houses. Since that time. Dasha tells us represents land, boldness,
younger brothers and sisters, Rahu : Rahu is an expansion- also called as 'Putra Bhava'
chemists, fire, anger, surgery. ist planet and represents and represents children, in-
It has anger which stays for a smoke, mental disturbance, telligence, speculation and
long time. Its element is cop- loss, theft, death of a family love affairs. It indicates
per and gem coral. Its colour member. It also represents stomach and gives profes-
is red and direction south. sudden gain through lottery, sions of teacher, principal
gambling or speculation. Its and gynaecologist.
Mercury : Mercury is talka- colour is black, element mixed
tive and tactful, but not harm- metal and gem gomed. 6th house : This house is
ful. It is a good trader, math- called 'Ripu Bhava', that is
ematician, editor and pub- Ketu : It has tail but no head house of enemies. It governs
lisher. It has excellent argu- and represents broken rela- digestive system, quarrels
mentative and analytical tionships, changing events, court and jobs done by hand,
power. It represents memory, accidents. It represents elec- like typing.
throat, arms, maternal uncles tronics, brown colour. Gem
is cat's eye. 7th house : Also called
and short journeys. Its ele- 'Kalatra Bhava', it represents
ment is bronze and gem is Signification of House wife, business partner, mar-
emerald. Colour is green and riage, business or employ-
direction north. 1st house : 1st house or so
called Lagna is the most im- ment in a private firm. It gov-
Jupiter : It is the heaviest portant of all the houses and erns sexual organs and dis-
and the most benefic planet determines the longevity, eases thereof.
and represents Guru. It is very health, character and nature
8thhouse: Called 'Ayusthan'
politie and religious and rep- of the native. It specifically
it represents death, reasons
resents education, school, signifies the head.
of death, underground wealth,
temples, oils, fats, sugar, 2nd house : This house is historical things and monu-
long journeys, judges, priests also called 'Dhan' house and ments. It represents acci-
and scientists. It's colour is deals with money matters, dents, parental property, life
yellow, metal platinum, gem one's deposits, income tax, insurance, mining and anus.
yellow saphire and direction customs, computers. It rep-
north - east. resents one's family and 9th house : Called house of
face, speech, food habits and luck and religion, it repre-
Venus : Venus is a planet of sents pilgrimage, higher
sex, love and beauty. It is a left eye.
studies like doctorate, long
poet, dancer, singer, wife, 3rd house : Called 'Bhratra' journeys, languages like San-
actor or driver. It represents house, this is the house of skrit, Roman and Hebrew. It
luxury, vehicles, kidney, silver, brothers and sisters, signifies also indicates grand parents
diamond, south-east direc- courage, boldness, short jour- and mental aptitude towards
tion and white colour. neys and throat. One is made Yoga and Sadhana. It repre-
singer by this house only. sents hips.
Saturn : It is the most malefic
planet and very selfish and 4th house : 4th house rep- 10th house : This house is
cunning. It represents death, resents mother, motherland, called 'Karma Sthana' and
politics, gas, aeroplanes pov- house, mental peace, vehi- represents the acts one does.
erty, servants, electronics and cles and education. It is also It signifies father, government,
legs. Its colour is blue, ele- called 'Matra Bhava'. It repre- politics, management. It gov-
ment iron, gem blue saphire sents chest, particularly lungs. erns knees and defines the
and direction is west. 5th house : This house is profession of a person.
Planet Ownership Exaltation Debilitation Aspects Nature Sex
Sun Leo Aries Libra 7 Malefic Male
Moon Cancer Taurus Scorpio 7 Benefic Female
Mars Aries/Scorpio Capricorn Cancer 4,7,10 Malefic Male
Mercury Gemini/Virgo Virgo Pisces 7 Benefic Female
Jupiter Sagi/Pisces Cancer Capricorn 5,7,9 Benefic Male
Venus Taurus/Libra Pisces Virgo 7 Benefic Female
Satrun Capri/Aqua. Libra. Aries 3,7,10 Malefic Impotant
Rahu - Taurus Scorpio - Malefic -
Ketu - Scorpio Taurus - Malefic -

11th house : certain points and behave shown in the table below .
differently in different signs
11th house is house of gains For any ascendant, some plan-
and houses. They show dif-
or 'Labha' and represents ets become Yogakaraka or
ferent relationships with dif-
sources of income, elder Maraka, depending upon the
ferent planets. house they own. This is one of
brothers and sisters, friend's
circle and legs. Planets own certain signs. the most important factor in
Sun and Moon own one sign prediction. A Yogakaraka
12 th house : The house of and other planets own two planet shows good results in
loss and expenses is called signs each. Rahu - Ketu, be- its Dasha or Antar Dasha.
'Vyaya Sthana' and covers ing pseudo planets, do not Stones are suggested only for
bad habits, hospital, jail, long own any sign. Planets get ex- a Yogakaraka planet. If a
journeys and quests. It also alted or become powerful at planet is benefic only then it is
indicates export and import, certain points and get debili- good to make it strong ; else it
also feet. tated exactly 180 0 away. will harm the native. Planets
which are Yogakaraka for
Moon, Mercury, Jupiter and
Strength of Planets Venus are benefic by nature
each ascendant is given in the
table below.
The planets gain strength at and others are malefic as
Benefics - Lords of 1,5,9
Ascendant Yogakaraka Maraka Neutral Yogakaraka and lords of 4,
(Benefics) (Malefics) 7, 10, if natu-
Aries Sun, Mar, Jup Mer, Mon, Ven,Sat ral malefic.
Taurus Sun, Mar, Mer, Sat Mon Jup. Ven Malefics - Lords of 3,6,
Gemini Ven Mar, Sun, Sat, Jup Mon, Mer Maraka 11and lords of
Cancer Mon, Mar, Jup Mer, Ven Sun, Sat 4,7,10, if natu-
Leo Sun, Mar Mer, Ven Jup. Mon, Sat ral benefic
Virgo Ven Jup, Moon, Mar Sat, Sun, Mer
Neutral - Lord of 2,8,
Libra Mar, Mer, Ven Sat Mon Jup, Sun - 12.
Scorpio Sun, Mon, Jup Mer Ven Sat, Mar
Sagittarious Sun, Mar Mer, Ven, Sat Jup, Moon In the next lesson we shall
Capricorn Mer, Sat, Ven Mer Mon, Jup Sun study how to use these data
Aquarious Ven, Sun Sat, Mar Jup, Moon Mer for predictions.
Pisces Mon, Mar Sun Mer, Sat, Ven Jup.

Art of Prediction -2

To predict horoscope, consider the houses one by one and

see the planets placed in the house, the planets aspecting it,
the placement of its lord and the planets aspecting it, or
associated with the lord. Amalgamation of the effects of these
units give, us the complete prediction about the horoscope.

o explain the method of wealth contains Jupiter, the 4th house, the house of com-
prediction, I start with Karaka for this house. It indi- forts, has three malefic plan-
the example of my cates native will acquire ets - Rahu, Saturn and Sun,
own horoscope : wealth by own earnings. Ju- making the native restless at
piter in 2nd house also gives home. This situation is further
DOB : 13/12/1956 soft and impressive voice.
TOB : 23:10 aggravated by the presence
But there is aspect of Mars of 4th lord Mars in 8th house.
POB : Delhi on 2nd house. So some- So many planets in 4th
Lagna is Leo. So the native times words are lost while house ensures comforts at
can be identified by a lion. speaking. This aspect also home, but the malefics indi-
The lion is bold by nature and gives a tendency that people cate one does not pay atten-
has confidence to win over misunderstand or misinter-
tion to home. It also indicates
anyone. It is normally pas- pret his words. The lord Mer-
cury is placed in 5th house, bad health of mother. Saturn
sive and becomes active and Rahu indicate good edu-
only when required. It does so the native is a profes-
sional, who earns by his cation for the native.
not harm until disturbed. It
normally has a robust health. knowledge. Look at 3rd 5th house contains Mercury in
It is aspected by Saturn from house. Venus is there in 3rd the house owned by Jupiter. It
4th house, which makes the house - its own house. Mars is also in exchange Yoga with
native hard working. The lord is having 8th aspect on 3rd Jupiter from 2nd house. This
Sun is placed in 4th house house. Also Moon has 7th as- gives very good calculation
in Scorpio, a friend's house, pect on this house. A benefic power. It also ensures son to
but with Saturn and Rahu, planet in 3rd house gives the native. This also gives
which are its enemies. It younger sister and good rela- knowledge of astrology and
gives native health prob- tionship with co-borns. Mars' computers to the native.
lems, like blood pressure. aspect disturbs writing power
and Moon's aspect gives good 6th house is owned by Saturn
Now consider 2nd house. throat and voice. It also gives and aspected by Jupiter from
Dhanasthan or house of lot of short journeys in life. 2nd house and Saturn from 4th
house. 3rd aspect of Saturn his business environment. is placed and which are the
gives success over enemies 10th lord Venus in 3rd house, planets aspecting it. Proper
and Jupiter ensures native has the house of courage, further amalgamation of the proper-
to do some work by hand, like ensures business and indi- ties and a little practice of link-
typing on computer. cates courageous steps in ing things together gives you
his line of action. the best of prediction.
7th house is not aspected by
any planet and its lord Sat- 11th house, the house of The special effects in the
urn is placed in 4th house, gains, has aspect of Mercury horoscope can be seen by
which is 10th from 7th house. and Mars. Since the house looking at the various Yogas
This gives native a working is ruled by Mercury and its formed in the horoscope. The
wife. Saturn gives a wife with lord is in 5th house aspecting powerful Yogas take away
fair complexion belonging to it, the native earns by intel- the attention from other as-
an orthodox family. It also in- lect, but aspect of Mars from pects and they become more
dicates business partner- 8th house reduces profits effective in life. For example,
ships that will not be smooth. into losses too. So the over in this horoscope Jupiter and
8th house, the house of lon- all success is not at par with Mercury are in exchange
gevity, contains Mars in the the work done by the native. Yoga, that is, Jupiter is in the
house of Jupiter, aspected by house of Mercury and Mer-
12th house is owned by cury in the house of Jupiter.
Jupiter itself. Presence of Moon and since its lord is
Mars indicates many acci- This exchange gives the na-
placed in 9th house, it indi- tive a strong liking for calcu-
dents in one's life, but Jupi- cates that the native gains
ter saves from all such acci- lation and astrology, since
from far off land. Export and the exchange is between 2nd
dents. He will also be benefit- import will give him gains. It
ted from insurance. He will and 5th houses. It increases
also ensures many foreign the intelligence level and
get property from his par- tours for the native.
ents. Mars in 8th gives me- gives him a professional ca-
dium longevity, but Jupiter This way we see that to reer. Similarly Moon is
stretches it. analyse the horoscope we in- pressed between Mars and
terpret the house one by one, Ketu from both the sides,
9th house contains Moon, or interpret the house whose forming Durdhura Yoga,
aspected by Venus, indicat- subject matter we want to which gives native wealth,
ing good luck for the native. know. First we see what are fame and power.
The benefic planets in the
the planets posited in that Absence of any strong
house of religion also make
house. Then see the aspects Dhana Yoga makes him a
the native religious. He also
over these planets, or this man of normal means.
undertakes long travel be-
house and then see where the
cause of these two planets.
lord of the concerned house Individually the Yogas some-
The Karmasthana 10th times reverse the effects of
house is occupied by Ketu Jup
the planets completely. More
and has aspect of Jupiter 6 4 and more knowledge of
from 2nd house and Sun and Ven 7
3 Yogas makes a man better
Saturn from 4th house. Rah and better astrologer.
Jupiter's aspect makes the Sat 8 2 Ket
In the next lesson we shall
native a businessman, Ketu Sun
see how to time the events
brings him into computers, Mer 9 11 1 Mon in ones life by using Dasha
Saturn associates him with 10 12 and transits.
industry and Sun ensures that Mar
he is at the top of affairs in
Art of Prediction-3

To time the events in ones life, we use Dasha and transits. Dasha
tells which planet is affecting the native at a particular time,
whereas transit tells us which natal planet is vibrating because
of the transiting planet. A combined result of Dasha and transit
gives us the behaviour of the native at a particular time.

e continue with the education, that is 4th house,
example cited in the 6
has Sun, Saturn and Rahu
last article : Date of Ven 7
3 placed there. Rahu and
Birth 13 :12: 1956, Time of 5 Saturn have the nature of
Birth 23 :10 at Delhi. Lagna Rah
2 Ket making the native introvert
Kundli is as given . 8
and thoughtful. Saturn gives
The native has the following 11 Mon interest in science.
Mer 9
Dashas : 10 12
Mercury in 5th makes native
Balance of Dasha : Ketu 3
calculative. So the period of
years 11 months 2 days Venus gave good education
As we see the native went while making the interest of
Age the native in science and
Ketu upto 15:11:1960 4 yrs.
through Dasha of Ketu upto
age of 4. Ketu is in the mathematics.
Venus upto 15:11:1980 24 "
Sun upto 15:11:1986 30 " house of Venus in Kendra in From the age of 24 to the
Moon upto 15 :11:1996 40 " the house representing age of 30 native underwent
Mars upto 15:11:2003 47 " father. Hence it gave good Dasha of Sun for 6 years.
Rahu upto 15:11:2018 65 " health to native and Sun in this horoscope is
Jup. upto 15:11:2034 81 " progress to father. Lagnesh in 4th house. This
Dasha in the very childhood After the age of 4 upto age gave him start of his own
basically affects health of the of 24 native went through business and gave a lot of
native and parents. During Dasha of Venus. This was name and fame at the young
teenage it affects education, the age when studies were age of 24 to 30. Moon which
in youth it affects mind, job important. Venus is in its is lord of 12th is sitting in the
and family and in old age it own house in the house of house of luck. It brought
again affects health and the writing. It also represents forward a great luck. He
children or the caretaker. artistic nature. The house of became quite successful in
his business and started an Age Transit of Over House
2 Jup Rah/Sat 4th- change of house
Moon is followed by Mars 12 Jup/Sat Jup/Moon 2nd- good education
from the age of 40 to 47. 14 Jup Rah/Sat 4th- education, change of house
Though Mars is Yogakaraka 18 Rah Rah/Sat 4th- education (excellent result)
but is placed in 8th house. It 24 Jup Jup 2nd- scholarship
gave a big set back and the 26 Jup Rah/Sat over 4th lord- marriage and change
industry was closed down. of house
30 Sat Sat/Rah over 7th lord- break in partnership
Rahu, which is in debilitation
36 Jup Jup 2nd & 4th steep increase in income
but in Kendra in 4th house is Rah Rah/Sat and recognition in field of astrology
expected to give good 38 Jup Rah/Sat 4th- setting up industry
results; somewhat similar to 42 Sat Mon 9th-industry closed
the period of Sun. Rahu can 48 Jup Jup 2nd-good for income
give health problem. 50 Jup Rah/Sat 4th-change of house
Jupiter being 5th lord in 2nd 54 Rah Rah/Sat 4th-fame
house its Dasha will start 60 Sat Sat/Rah 4th- excellent for professional
60 Jup Jup 2nd- success and a big break in
only at the age of 62, but it
may be best period of the life 62 Jup Rahu/Sat 4th- business association
of the native. He may lead a
serene life in this Dasha. depending upon the sign in Native went through Sade
which Moon is. Similarly Sati of Saturn in 1968 and
Transit : To study the Saturn crossing over 8th then in 1996. During the first
transit, let us consider only house from Moon also gives one it gave a drop in
Saturn, Jupiter and Rahu. tension and losses. academic results and in 2nd
Other planets move fast. it gave loss in business.
Sun, Mercury and Venus In this case Jupiter crossed Saturn crossed over 8th
rotate once every year. Mars over Rahu/Saturn at the age house from Moon at the age
takes two years to complete of 2, 14, 26, 38, 50, 62 etc. of 30 in 1985-1988, when it
one cycle and Moon takes Saturn crossed over Jupiter gave break in partnership
only a month. Ketu is always at 12, 24, 36, 48, 60 and over twice and brought the
opposite to Rahu. So for a Rahu/Saturn at the age of 30 income to the rock bottom
full life description of the and 60. Rahu crossed over level. It also gave bad health
transit, only three planets are Rahu/Sat at the age of 18, to mother and loss of life of
sufficient. Saturn takes 30 36, 54, So if we put this one of the close relatives.
years to complete one cycle,
agewise it is as per the table. In a nut shell transits seem to
Rahu 18 years and Jupiter
12 years. If we look at the transits we be showing their results very
effectively; even more than
Similarly we consider the invariably find Jupiter
Dasha. Major transits bring
effect of these slow moving transiting over 4th house over major changes in the life of the
planets over these planets Rahu and Saturn, has given native. Transit of Saturn from
only. Transit gives significant a change of residence or has Moon is very important.
results with respect to Moon. given a new property. Since Jupiter and Rahu give equal
When Saturn crosses over Saturn is 7th lord, transit of results from Lagna, as well as
Moon, we call it Sade Sati. Jupiter over 7th house gave Moon. If we superimpose the
Sade Sati normally gives marriage and Saturn over result of Dasha over that of the
lots of tension invariably. It Rahu or Saturn gave break in transit we can predict better.
gives progress or loss, business partnership.
Art of Prediction-4

We have seen how Dasha and transit determine the period

of the happening. In this lesson, we shall see how
different Yogas affect the life of the native.

e continue with the planets exchange their re- Mars from 2nd and 5th
example cited in the spective houses i.e. planet house and Jupiter and Ve-
last article : Date of A is in house of B and planet nus from 6th and 11th
Birth 13 :12: 1956, Time of B is in house of A. Ex- house.These three ex-
Birth 23 :10 at Delhi. Lagna change Yoga is good if it Smt. Indira Gandhi
Kundli is given as : occurs between Kendras 19/11/1917
and Trikonas. The exchange
Jup makes the affected planets Mar Ketu
6 4 strong, either good or bad, 5 Sat
Ven 7
3 depending upon the house it 6
2 Jup

Sat 8 2 Ket 7 A 1
A In the given horoscope also,
11 there is a exchange be- Mer
Mer 9 1 Mon
tween Mercury and Jupiter Sun 8 Mon 12
12 11
from 2nd to 5th house, mak- 9
Ven Rah
ing the native good in calcu-
lations and astrology. This
There are thousands of also gives the native income change made her a very
Yogas mentioned in the text from mental work. strong lady. However, she
and it is not possible for an There can be maximum was killed in the Dasha of
individual to learn and apply three exchange Yogas in a Saturn- Moon, because Sat-
all the Yogas manually on a horoscope involving six plan- urn and Moon, both gave re-
horoscope. Therefore we ets . In the horoscope of sult of 7th house and be-
give few important Yogas, Mrs. Indira Gandhi there came Maraka for her.
which one can check on a were three exchanges.
horoscope easily and can Gaj Kesari Yoga : This
decide effectively. There is an exchange be- Yoga is formed when Jupiter
tween Moon and Saturn is in Kendra from Moon . It
Exchange Yoga : This from Lagna to 7th house, ex- gives wealth and power to
Yoga is formed when two change between Sun and the native.
Chandra Mangal Yoga : benefics give good result Lagna or Moon, native will
When Moon and Mars are and malefic cause trouble. have many servants and also
together, or there is nutural Benefic and malefic com- have good wealth and health.
aspect between them, this bined give neutral results.
Yoga is formed. Because of Raj Yogas and Dhan
this Yoga man is passion- Pancha Maha Purusha Yoga:
ate. Yogas : Following are the five
Yogas formed by five planets- • When more than three
Sunapha Yoga : When Mars, Jupiter, Mercury, Venus planets are in exaltation sign
there are planets in 2nd or own sign and placed in
and Saturn :
house to Moon this Yoga is Kendra, this yoga is formed.
formed. In this Yoga native (a) Ruchaka Yoga : When
will have good wealth. Mars is in exaltation or own • When Lord of 2nd, 9th, 5th,
sign and is in Kendra to 11th or one of these occu-
Anapha Yoga : When there pies Kendra from Lagna or
are planets in 12th house to Lagna or Moon, this Yoga is
formed . In this Yoga native Moon, this Yoga is formed.
Moon this yoga is formed.
If natural benefic planet is will have good health, wealth • Three or four planets hav-
there, it gives name, fame, and get higher position in ing Digbala.
wealth and success, while defence or police.
natural malefic gives trouble.
• When Kendra lord and
(b) Hansa Yoga : When Ju- Trikona lord make relation-
Durudhara Yoga : When piter is in exaltation sign or ship between them, this
there are planets both in the own sign and is in Kendra to Yoga is formed like :
2nd and 12th houses to Lagna or Moon, this Yoga is
Moon, benefics give good (i) 9th lord is in Ist, 4th, 7th
formed . In this Yoga native
result and malefic cause and 10th.
will have good personality
trouble. Benefic and malefic and good moral character. (ii) 5th lord in is Ist, 4th 7th
combined give neutral results. and 10th
(c) Bhadra Yoga : This Yoga (iii) 1st lord is in 9th or 5th
Kemadrum Yoga : This is formed when Mercury is in
Yoga is formed when there (iv) 4th lord is in 9th and 5th
its exaltation sign, own sign
are no planets on both sides (v) 7th lord is in 9th and 5th
of Moon . Native is very poor and is in Kendra to Moon and
in this case. Lagna. With this Yoga person (vi) 10th lord is in 9th and
will have good proportional 5th
Vesi Yoga : When there are limbs and strong body, with
planet in 2nd house from (vii) Exchange of house be-
wealth and comforts. tween Kendra and
Sun this Yoga is formed.
Natural benefic planet give (d) Malavya Yoga : When Trikona.
good result and malefic Venus is in its exaltation sign, All Raj Yoga and Dhan Yoga
cause trouble. own sign or is in Kendra to give name, fame, wealth, all
Lagna and Moon, native will kind of comforts and author-
Vasi Yoga : When there are be wealthy, handsome, well ity to the native.
planets in 12th from Sun this
Yoga is formed. Natural ben- built body and will be happy
Above Yogas are few of the
efic planets give good result with his family. He will have
important Yogas, which, when
and malefic cause trouble. good comforts in life.
applied to the horoscope,
Ubhayachari Yoga : When (e) Sasa Yoga : When Sat- give a fair judgement of the
there are planets both in the urn is in its exaltation or own strength of the horoscope.
2nd and 12th house to Sun sign and is in Kendra to
Secrets of Astrology Unveiled

On the conclusion of the series “Learn Astrology' we

hereby give answers to many frequently asked
questions on astrology, ranging from relevance of
astrology and remedies suggested therein, to the deep
rooted questions on calculations and predictions.

Ques. What kind of remedy mally, stone wearing en- In astrology too, there are
should be adopted in what hances power of a planet various systems, like Jaimini
situation? Do all kinds of rem- and throwing items in water Parashar, Neel Kanthi etc.
edies like Mantra, Yantra etc. reduces power of a planet – Every system has its own
be performed equally for any whether the planet is good or benefits and shortcomings.
problem, any time? bad. So if a planet is malefic Some systems are better
but strong, then stone should than the others. If the fact of
Ans. Remedy is normally re- be avoided and if a planet is life is represented by a
quired for a planet which is benefic but weak then stone straight line then the various
active by virtue of Dasha or should be worn and its items
transit, but is benefic and systems can be denoted by
should not be thrown or given
weak, or is malefic and various graphs like A,B,C,
in alms. Mantras and Yajna
strong. That is, it is not either which touch the reality of life
increase the benefic power
able to give good results to only at few points. At some
of the planet only, without cre-
its full capacity, or is giving points they are far off. How-
ating any loss. So whenever
bad results, which have to be a planet is active, its Mantra ever, when one system is at
checked. If that planet is sit- Jap and Yajna should be per- a distance from the truth,
ting in a earthy sign in the formed for better results. other system touches the re-
natal horoscope, stone ality. This is the reason why
Ques. Do different systems we believe in so many sys-
should be suggested, if in firy
on astrology or predictive tems. However, taking aver-
sign, Yajna should be per-
sciences give same results? age may not always give us
formed, if in airy sign, Man-
tras are useful and if in wa- Ans. There are various sys- better results, e.g. if system
tery sign, alms or throwing tems of prediction like palm- A is at + 10% level of accu-
things in water helps. Nor- istry, numerology, astrology. racy and system B at +20%
level then the average is data in future will definitely putations, but not vice versa.
+15%, which means averag- give rise to better framed
Ques. Should we rely on
ing has spoilt the results of rules and accuracy in astrol-
Dasha or Gochar? If Dasha
system A. Averaging may be ogy will be more.
is good and Gochar is bad
good if one system is at
Ques. Which is the best pre- then what will be the result?
negative level of accuracy
dictive science – astrology,
and other at positive level. Ans. Dasha and Gochar,
palmistry, numerology or any
But we never know where we both are equally important in
other and why?
stand in our prediction for any determining the event in a
future event, whereas for past Ans. Compared to all other horoscope. However Gochar
we can always take average, predictive sciences, Indian can be accurately known, but
or apply different systems to system of astrology is known Dasha is very sensitive to
know why that event hap- for its accuracy, reliability and time of birth and cannot be
pened. indepth analysis. Other sys- accurately fixed. Secondly,
tems are used either in the there are too many kinds of
So it is suggested that one
absence of reliable birth known Dasha systems and
should adopt one system
data, or in the absence of its we do not know for sure
and practice more and more
interpretation. Astrology is which Dasha should be ap-
to bring it close to the line of
the only system where pre- plied, when doubts on
dictions can be made pre- Ayanamsa also takes away
Ques. Why does astrology cisely with time. its authenticity. Further
sometimes fails? Dasha is normally dependent
Ques. Should Ayanamsa be upon Moon degrees only
Ans. Unlike Physics and used? Which Ayanamsa
Chemistry and like any and it ignores rest of the plan-
should be used? ets. All these shortcomings
behavioural science, astrol-
ogy is an empirical science; Ans. The planets move as are not there in the transit sys-
that is the rules are based on per their Nirayana value in the tem. Hence basing the pre-
statistics. They are not cor- sky. This can be easily dictions on transits normally
rect for any horoscope any checked by matching give better results, unless it
time. This is true not only for Moon’s movement through has been checked that the
astrology but for any predic- various zodiac signs. Dasha system is working
tive science. Further, the Chaitrapaksha Ayanamsa, properly on the given horo-
rules that we are using have popularly known as Lahiri scope.
not been checked for accu- Ayanamsa, only has the sci- While we are studying both
racy and relevance in mod- entific approval of the inter- Dasha and Gochar, we can
ern times. We are using them national astronomers and take Dasha to specify the
as we found in old texts, even this should only be used, ir- event of transit to specify its
when many correlating fac- respective of what results you strength. If both are
tors have been lost during the get astrologically. You should favourable or unfavourable
last 2000 years or more. The modify your astrological rules then the event occurs with full
rules when tested on large to suit the astronomical com- force. If Dasha is good and

transit bad or vice versa, then make today. Then we only
the results are not clear.
Method B
assigned lordship and lord-
ship signified the results of
Ques. Many exalted planets Method A
that planet. These Vargas
have been seen in the horo- Line of reality
should not be taken at par
scope of a poor man and Method C with Lagna chart and should
debilitated planets in a rich not be used in predictions
man's horoscope. How does like supplement to Lagna
this happen? chart, unless some Yoga
Ans. Normally many debili- grees for a given time zone specifies the results of a
tated planets in a horoscope like IST. So the time of birth planet in a particular Varga.
make “Neech Bhang Raja must be converted to IST to In practice, these Vargas
Yoga” and similarly many ex- use such tables. But Lagna confuse a general astrolo-
alted planets give “Uccha must be computed for the ger. He starts taking the
Bhang Daridra Yoga”. More- place of birth only, because planet's exaltation or debili-
over, the native with many changing the place, say from tation. He also starts taking
exalted planets is a man of London to Delhi, will create aspects and placement of
principles and unfit for worldy an error of 5 ½ hours later in other planets with the planet,
success. One or two debili- U.K. Similarly other signs thus deviating from the basic
tated planets help the native also rise 5½ hours later results.
to aquire wealth by improper there.
Ques. In predictions what is
means in this Kali Yuga. Accuracy of the results com- more important – planet,
puted can be verified by house or sign?
Ques. It is said that Lagna
checking that Sun has to be
calculation is dependent on Ans. In Indian system planet
in 10th house at noon, in 1st
place, whereas planet de- house in the morning, in 7th is most important and house
gree calculation is indepen- house in the evening and in is next to the planet in impor-
dent of it. But when we com- 4th house at midnight. This is tance. This is probably to
pute Lagna by converting irrespective of the place of make things easier. In the
time to IST and compute birth. system of Lal Kitab sign has
planet degrees without con- been dropped totally, after
version, we get wrong values. Ques. How much impor- confirming the house in which
Why ? What is the correct tance can be imparted to a planet is sitting. Planet in a
Shodashvarga ? house makes significance in
Ans. Shodashvarga system prediction, whereas planet in
Ans. It is rightly said that sign only gives knowledge
was propounded by our
Lagna is dependent on place about its strength. This
sages in such a manner that
of birth, whereas planet de- strength further gets modified
exact position of the planets
grees are independent of it, could be ascertained without due to presence/aspect of
because they are computed assigning any degree value other planets.
for the centre of the earth. to it. Secondly, these Vargas Ques. Does one get af-
Ephemeris shows planet de- have not been made like we fected by some one else's

horoscope? If yes, then passengers are travelling, effect of 7th house by doing
what is the sanctity of the supersedes the horoscopes a proper matching?
horoscope? of the natives. Hence, in a
Ans. Answer to this question
calamity everyone's horo-
Ans. Like one is affected by lies in the previous answer.
scope does not necessarily
planets, he is affected by any We can aspire for a better
indicate death. However, this
other item in his vicinity. Ev- married life by having a bet-
point needs further research ter matching, but fate cannot
ery body has a gravitational and views from the readers.
pull – small or large. Effect of be overruled.
planets is visible because of Ques. We take Muhurtha for Ques. Contradictory Yogas
their large mass. Stars of something. Does it change are formed in ones horo-
much higher mass do not the fate of the person? scope. What is correct in
have that much of effect be- Ans. Muhurtha gives us an such a situation?
cause of their large distance. idea about the future of the Ans. Contradiction is part of
Secondly, our power of com- task that we do; for example, any behavioural science.
putation is limited. Just the oath ceremony of ministry Take the results either by
nine planets and twelve signs gives idea about the govern- strength or by the number of
make so many combinations ment; starting moment of times it occurs.
that it is difficult to correlate business gives us knowl-
edge about how the business Ques. What is the impor-
them with life.
will go etc. To have a good tance of Chalit chart and how
Horoscope having just nine future we select a good should it be used?
planets is not the complete Muhurtha. Knowledge is Ans. House is next to plan-
representation of what we strength and knowing the fu- ets in importance for its role
are. But it is able to take care ture of deeds in advance can in astrology. Lagna chart
of maximum of our future with definitely guide our future shows house only approxi-
minimum of complexity. That better. However, we can not mately. Actual house position
is why we study a horoscope. totally reverse the direction of is governed only by Bhava
Deviations to it due to others the fate. So many times we chart or Chalit chart. Hence
– living or non living – can be find things do not happen at Chalit chart cannot be ig-
adjusted by studying the past the time of best Muhurtha, or nored in astrology. But use it
and fitting that to the planet's after the event we come to cautiously, because it should
effects. In brief, presence of know that the computations not be used for determining
others does not destroy the were wrong. This clearly in- the aspects, or knowing the
importance of the horo- dicates we cannot change sign in which a planet is pos-
scope. the destiny. Still nature has ited. If a Sun moves from
provided us with hands to do Lagna to 12th house while it
Ques. If in one accident something and mind to think. was in Aries in Lagna chart,
many lives are taken, does We should use it optimally, then it does not mean that
that indicate similarity in but without having keen de- Sun has shifted to Pisces. It
everyones horoscope? sire for the best ; it will occur remains in Aries, but is
only if it is in fate. placed in 12th house.
Ans. The horoscope of the
place or a vehicle in which Ques. Can we remove the ill

What is Correct -

Nirayan or Sayan? Indian or Western?

There has been a lot of confusion to the fact whether Sayan system is right or Nirayan.
Though being a major difference, yet it has not been well understood. Here, in this article, we
try to clarify that the planets in the sky are moving according to Nirayan system, and hence
only the nirayan system should be followed in astrology. Sayan system is merely meant for
knowing the earth's position with respect to Sun and thus determining the seasons but it is not
meant for knowing which planet is passing through which sign.
Table -I
A s per the western system sun enters
into Aries on 22nd March every year
Position of Moon during 1-15 May '98 at 10 PM at Delhi
whereas in Indian system Sun goes to Aries on 13/ Nirayan Sayan
14th of April every year. What is correct? Both
can not be correct at one time & definitely this means 1st May Gem 26:46 Can 20:36
2nd Can 9:43 Leo 3:33
a lot in astrology. A difference of 23-24 days can
3rd Can 22:16 Leo 16:6
not be ignored when we are talking of few minutes 4th Leo 4:30 Leo 28:20
or seconds accuracy in giving predictions. 5th Leo 16:31 Vir 10:21
6th Leo 28:23 Vir 22:13
The followers of Sayan system strongly recommend 7th Vir 10:11 Lib 4:1
the usage of 22nd March as entry of Sun into Aries. 8th Vir 21:59 Lib 15:49
We at “Future Point” have tried to go into the root 9th Lib 3:50 Lib 27:40
of this problem by looking at the stars physically in 10th Lib 15:48 Sco 9:38
the sky and arrived at a conclusion that in the sky, 11th Lib 27:52 Sco 21:42
12th Sco 10:06 Sag 3:56
all planets move according to the nirayan system
13th Sco 22:29 Sag 16:19
only. To understand it fully let us divide the study 14th Sag 5:02 Sag 28:52
into two parts. 15th Sag 17:46 Cap 11:36

1. What is the situation of various planets as Table -II

Transit of Moon during 1-15 May '98 at Delhi
computed presently versus the stars. ______________________________________
Sign Transited Nirayan Sayan
2. What was the situation 2000 years ago & what ______________________________________
will be the situation after 2000 years. Date Time Date Time
Can 2/5/98 3:53 30/4/98 9:26
Second condition amplifies the difference of Leo 4/5/98 13:5 2/5/98 15:19
Ayanamsa to give a more clear view about the Vir 7/5/98 1:16 5/5/98 1:16
Sayan & Nirayan systems. Now we will discuss Lib 9/5/98 14:13 7/5/98 13:48
both the points in detail. Sco 12/5/98 2:10 10/5/98 2:40
Sag 14/5/98 12:24 12/5/98 14:18
Cap 16/5/98 20:42 15/5/98 0:08

1. Present Star Position system gives a value of Virgo- system it should be in Taurus.
100. The moon is visible in Virgo This is far away from the truth.
It is difficult to watch the stars not before 7th May 98. This
while Sun is in the sky. During situation can be studied daily Secondly we can clearly see the
month of May no planet shall be between 1-15 May as per table movement of Sun with respect to
visible in the sky at night. So we I and sky map A to find the actual stars. It is moving behind by
are giving the position of Moon movement of moon in the sky. appox. 140 every 1000 years.
every day when it is visible at Hence we can say that we should This is exactly what the ayanamsa
night during the month of May follow only the Nirayan system is.
98. for all astrological computations.
Fig B shows clearly that Sun
As per Sayan & Nirayan system 2. Past & Future Star enters into Taurus on 15 May
the longitudes of Moon during Positions 1998. It is not towards end of
first half of May '98 given in table Taurus as suggested by Sayan
To look into the past & future,
I. system.
we shall take help of sky maps
as computed by scientific
Moon's transit into different signs The above explanation clearly &
programmes which are known to
from May 1-15th 1998 are given undoubtedly prove that Nirayan
be accurate by todays scientists
in table-II. system as followed in vedic
of the world.
astrology is correct and is in
If we look into the figures of table accordance to the star
Let us look at the position of Sun
I, we find that Moon attains, after position in the sky.
as per Sayan & Nirayan system
2 days appox. the same degree at a gap of 1000 years from 15
in Nirayan system as in Sayan Does it mean that western
May 0001 to 15th May 5001 at
system e.g. It is at Leo 160 on system which is quite accurate as
12 Noon at Delhi. The position
3rd May as per Sayan system per the modern science is wrong
of Sun are given in table III.
and on 5th May ? The answer is No.
as per nirayan system. Fig. B shows clearly that Sun is
in Pisces on 15th May in year
The fig. A show the position of 5001 whereas as per the Sayan
Moon during the first half of May
98, at 10 pm. in Delhi. If we look
into the position of Moon & Table-III
compare with its degrees as per Position of Sun on 15th May at 12 hrs. at Delhi during year 1-5001
Sayan and Nirayan system, it is _________________________________________________
very obvious that Moon’s actual Year Niryana Sayan Ayanamsa
movement is very close to the _________________________________________________
Nirayan system & it does not 1 Tau 27:3 Tau 23:0 -4: 2: 25
tally with Sayan system at all. For 1001 Tau 13:25 Tau 23:20 9: 54: 54
example on 5th May 98 it is at 2001 Tau 0:37 Tau 24:30 23:52:14
Leo-160 as per nirayan system. 3001 Ari 16:43 Tau 24:34 37:50:12
In the sky also, (fig A) moon is in 4001 Ari 3:39 Tau 25:27 51:47:59
mid of Leo sign, whereas Sayan 5001 Pis 19:26 Tau 25:11 65:45:10


Fig A : Sky Position 1st May '98 to 14th May '98 at 10 PM at Delhi


Fig B : Sun Position on 15th May '98 12 Hrs. at Delhi during year 0001 to 50001

Fig. C. Milky Way Galaxy from the Side

Fig. D. Position of the Sun in the Milky Way Galaxy è

Then how both the systems can the Solar coordinate system. of the sun, the position of stars
be correct at the same time & still changes by 50.3 arc seconds
be different? We know that With this clarification let us also every year and it takes roughly
western system is basically a clarify that astrological predictions 20 minutes 24 seconds more time
solar system & not based on given as per the sayan system for earth to complete the circle
stars. Here zero degree refers to does not have sound astrological around Sun with respect to these
a position with respect to the Sun basis. We can not & should not stars. That is why the sidereal
coordinates or the Vernal take the properties of various signs year is 365.256363 days
equinoctial point i.e. the same for Sayan and Nirayan compared to solar year of
ascending node of the ecliptic on systems. 365.2422 days only.
the equator. It does not have to
To sum up we Know that Indian
do any thing with the Aries star Let us understand what is
astrology is based on stars and
whereas in the Nirayan system, ayanamsa which makes all this
any planet passing through the
0 degree means a position in the difference in the two systems. particular star gives the results of
direction of Aries star. Actually Ayanamsa is basically precession that star or changes its behaviour
zero degree of sayan system of the equinoxes. It can be acco-rding to the stars it passes
which never refers to Aries star understood better when we look through. Only Nirayan system
has mistakenly been taken as at our galaxy. We know that our gives us computations of planets
zero degree of Aries. This small solar system is a part of galaxy with respect to stars; Sayan
anomaly has led to the confusion called "Milky Way" which looks system refers to planet positions
between the Sayan & the like fig. C & our solar system is in solar coordinate system.
Nirayan system. We should not moving around the centre of the Hence only Nirayan system
confuse overselves & say that milky way as shown in fig. D. Sun should be followed for
Sun enters into Aries on 22nd takes roughly 26,000 years predictions in astrology. n
March every year. We should appox. to complete one circle
rather say that Sun attains a around the galaxy. The stars
longitude of zero degree on 22nd remain fixed and do not move
March as per Sayan system or around. Because of the motion