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EN 10204:2004 - Type 3.

2 Inspection

With the introduction of EC directives, such as the Pressure Equipment Directive

(PED), there is an increasing requirement for product manufacturers to prove the
materials they use meet defined chemical and mechanical properties. This has led to
the authentication of material certification requirements under the standard
EN10204:2004. This factsheet gives more information about achieving certification
under Type 3.2 of that standard.

Background prepared by both the manufacturers Examples of manufacturers are:

authorized inspection representative, steelmakers, foundries, smelters, forgers,
In Germany, inspection documents independent of the manufacturing pipe/plate mills, etc.
(certificate types) were originally specified department and either the purchasers
in standard DIN 50049. These definitions authorized representative or the inspector Therefore, true EN 10204:2004 Type
of material testing and certificate types designated by the official regulations and 3.2 certification is produced by the
were adopted for European standard in which they declare that the products manufacturer, with test results supplied.
EN 10204, first published in 1991 when supplied are in compliance with the The independent third-party inspector
certificate types 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.1A, 3.1B, requirements of the order and in which will have witnessed test results and
3.1C and 3.2 were defined, which closely test results are supplied. verified the materials identification and
followed the definitions in the German traceability through objective evidence.
standard. Industry recognises an independent third
party inspection as fulfilling the role of
EN 10204 was revised in 2004 with a purchasers authorized representative or
simplified range of inspection documents the inspector designated by the official
(certificate types). These now only include regulations.
types 2.1, 2.2, 3.1 and 3.2.
Type 2.3 has been deleted EN 10204:2004 defines the manufacturer
Type 3.1 replaces 3.1B as an organization that manufactures
Type 3.2 replaces 3.1A, 3.1C and 3.2 of the respective products according to the
the previous edition requirements of the order and to the
This reduced range of options was properties specified in the referenced
designed to make the standard easier to product specification.
understand and work with.
A manufacturer will be any party which
What is a true Type 3.2 certification? carries out operations affecting the
material properties of the finished
Inspection certificate Type 3.2 is defined product.
within EN10204:2004 as a Document

Working together
for a safer world
How to achieve hard stamp, or otherwise indelibly mark
the material. Providing all the testing and examinations
certification meet with the specified requirements,
Certification to the Intent of Type 3.2 the surveyor would carry out a final visit
Lloyds Register offers an independent to the intermediate material handler
third party inspection role to Often in industry, the purchaser (end to review documentation (including
manufacturers for Type 3.2 certification. user) will order material from an the original manufacturers Type 3.1
This involves visiting the manufacturer intermediate material handler. The certificate), verify that the material
where the surveyor will identify the intermediate material handler may select meets the product specification and the
material to be verified. This includes a material that has only been certified customers purchase order requirements,
visual examination, sample dimensional by the manufacturer using a Type 3.1 and inspect and hard stamp the material.
checks and confirmation that the material certificate. As defined by EN10204:2004, The surveyor will then issue a LR
is traceable back to the ladle chemical this certification has not been validated certificate to the intent of EN10204:2004
analysis, which may be in the form of an by an independent third party inspector. Type 3.2, referencing the laboratory test
EN 10204:2004 Type 3.1 certificate. The However, it is widely accepted that report and the material manufacturers
traceable reference may be the cast or material covered by Type3.1 certification Type 3.1 certificate.
heat number, test number or some other can be validated to the intent of Type
reference clearly traceable back to the 3.2 by the intermediate material handler Any material inspected to the intent
ladle analysis. employing an independent third party of EN 10204:2004 Type 3.2 must not be
inspector to validate this material by way passed off to customers as being certified
The traceable reference would normally of verification tests. in accordance with true EN 10204:2004
be marked on the component by the Type 3.2.
manufacturer via indelible means, i.e. LR offers an independent third party
hard stamping, etching, stenciling or inspection role to intermediate material The acceptability of any certification
other indelible marking. Adequate handlers or processors for intent-of to the intent of Type 3.2 should be
material is identified by the surveyor Type 3.2 certification. This involves visiting confirmed with the purchaser, customer
for further testing, with the traceable the intermediate material handler to or end user before work starts. In some
identity transferred, including test identify the material to be verified. This applications a true EN 10204:2004 Type
stamp marking of the original piece. includes a visual examination, sample 3.2 certificate is required and intent
Documentation would be reviewed dimensional checks and confirmation that of Type 3.2 certification will not be
against specification for compliance with the material is traceable back to the ladle acceptable.
chemical composition, heat treatment chemical analysis which may be in the
and non-destructive examination. form of an EN 10204 Type 3.1 certificate. In both cases described above, LR
surveyors responsible for the third
The LR surveyor would also visit the test The traceable reference may be the cast party inspection can, at the clients
house (either a department independent or heat number, test number or some request, issue inspection certificates that
of production within the manufacturer other reference clearly traceable back detail the scope of inspection carried
or a sub-contract independent nationally to the mill certificate. The traceable out and include a statement that the
or internationally accredited test facility) reference would normally be marked on manufacturers EN10204:2004 Type 3.2
to witness the appropriate tests (tensile, the component by the original material certificate has been endorsed, or stating
impacts, bend tests, hardness etc.) and manufacturer via indelible means, either that the intent of EN10204:2004 Type 3.2
review any applicable metallurgical tests hard stamping, etching, stenciling or has been met, as applicable.
(corrosion, structure etc.) as specified in other indelible marking. Adequate
the standard or specification and review material is identified by the surveyor for Benefits of using Lloyds Register
the results obtained to ensure they meet further testing with the traceable identity Technical expertise
the requirements. transferred, including test stamp marking Assurance that products meet the
of the original piece. specified standard
Providing all the testing and examinations Acceptance by authorities worldwide
meet with the specified requirements, The LR surveyor would also visit the Global and local network of
the surveyor would carry out a final test house, normally a sub-contract experienced surveyors
visit to the manufacturer to verify independent nationally or internationally Limits your risk
that the material meets the product accredited test facility, to witness all
specification as defined in EN additional testing of the material that is
10204:2004, review and countersign their necessary to confirm compliance with the
Type 3.2 certification and inspect and specification.

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July 2016
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