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# Basic Structural Elements Designs to BS 8110-Part 1:1997

## 3.0 COLUMN DESIGN

3.1 UNBRACED SHORT COLUMN DESIGN

X-X axis

X-X axis

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Basic Structural Elements Designs to BS 8110-Part 1:1997

## Reference Calculations Out Put

Column is designed as un braced column.
Cl.3.8.1.6 Calculation of Column effective height.
BS 8110-1:1997 Effective Length for X-X Plane Bending ( L ex )

## L ox -Clear height between end restraints.

L ox = Floor to Floor Height Beam along Y direction

## Depth of the Beam along Y direction is 600mm.)

Cl.3.8.1.6.2 Hence Top Condition is 1.
BS 8110-1:1997 Ground Beam Depth is 900mm.
Hence Bottom Condition -1
Table 3.2 Hence = 1.2

## BS 8110-1:1997 L ex = L ox = 1.2 3000 = 3600mm

L ex 3600
= = 4.8 < 10
h 750
Hence Column is short in X-X direction.

## BS 8110-1:1997 See Figure 1.

L oy -Clear height between end restraints.

fcu = 30N/mm2

## Cover to Reinforcement is 30mm.

T25 Main bars and T10 Links are to be used.

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Basic Structural Elements Designs to BS 8110-Part 1:1997

## Reference Calculations Out Put

(Depth of the Beam along X direction is 600mm.)
Cl.3.8.1.6.2 Hence Top Condition is 1.
BS 8110-1:1997 Ground Beam Depth is 900mm.
Hence Bottom Condition -1
Table 3.2 Hence = 1.2

## BS 8110-1:1997 L ey = L oy = 1.2 3000 = 3600mm

L ey 3600
= = 9 < 10
b 400
Hence Column is short in Y-Y direction. Short Column
Hence column is a short column.

## Cl.3.8.1.7 Checks for Slenderness limit of un braced column

BS 8110-1:1997 L oy = 3000mm

L oy < 60b

## Design Loads from SAP 2000 Model

Column is designed for ULS 1 Load Combination.(Critical)
N = 5464 kN

Myy = 23kNm

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Basic Structural Elements Designs to BS 8110-Part 1:1997

## Reference Calculations Out Put

Cl. 3.8.2.4 Checks for Minimum Eccentricity
BS 8110-1:1997 Minimum eccentricity in X-X Plane Bending
emin , x = 0.05h or 20 mm which ever is greater

## Hence minimum eccentricity is 20mm.

Hence
Mmin,x = Nemin,x = 0.020 5464 = 109.28kNm < 524kNm

## Hence Design moment about X-X axis taken as 524kNm.

Minimum eccentricity in Y-Y Plane Bending
emin,y = 0.05b or 20mm which ever is greater

## Hence minimum eccentricity is 20mm.

Hence Mmin , x = N emin , x = 0.020 5464 = 109.28kNm > 20.3kNm

## Reinforcement Design for Column (See Figure 3.2)

25
h = 750 30 10 = 697.5mm
2
25
b = 400 30 10 = 347.5mm
2
Mx 524
= = 0.75
h 697.5
My 109.28
= = 0.31
b 347.5

Mx My
>
h b
Hence Column is designed for an increased moment about X-X
axis.

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Basic Structural Elements Designs to BS 8110-Part 1:1997

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Basic Structural Elements Designs to BS 8110-Part 1:1997

## Reference Calculations Out Put

h
Mx = Mx + My
b
7 N
=1
6 bhfcu

7 5464 103
=1 = 0.29 < 0.3
6 400 750 30
697.5
Mx = 524 + 0.3 109.28 = 590kNm
347.5

N 5464 103
= = 0.61
bhfcu 400 750 30

M 590 106
= = 0.09
bh2 fcu 400 7502 30

d 702.5
= = 0.93
h 750

## Concrete Building Structures

fy
= 0.42
fcu
As
=
bh
30
A s = 0.42 400 750 = 8217mm2
460
The area of reinforcement should be detailed in as per Figure
8.3.
Table 3.25 Checks for Minimum Area of Reinforcement
100A sc
= 0.4
bh
0.4 400 750
A sc = = 1200mm2
100
Provided reinforcement satisfied the minimum reinforcement
requirement.

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Basic Structural Elements Designs to BS 8110-Part 1:1997

## Reference Calculations Out Put

Cl. 3.8.2.4 Checks for maximum area of reinforcement
BS 8110-1:1997 100A sc
=6
bh
6 400 750
A sc = = 18000mm2
100
Hence provided area of reinforcement is within the maximum
allowable.

At Laps
At a Lap 8T25 bars are lapped. Hence Total 24 Bars are at the
cross section (16+8)

A sc = 24 491 = 11784mm2

11784 100
A sc = = 3.93% < 10%
750 400
Cl. 3.8.4.6 Checks for Shear
BS 8110-1:1997 Mx 590
= = 0.11
N 5464
0.6h = 0.6 0.750 = 0.45
Hence a shear check is not required.

BS 8110-1:1997 Largest Compression bar =25mm
Hence Diameter of the shear link should be larger than
25/4=6mm.
Shear Link spacing should be less than 12 times smallest
compression bar. (12x20=240mm)
But link details required to mitigate seismic effects are stringent
than this. Hence shear link details were provided to mitigate
the seismic effects.

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Basic Structural Elements Designs to BS 8110-Part 1:1997

## Reference Calculations Out Put

Design of Links to mitigate Seismic Effects
Detailing of the shear links were done as per Reinforcement Detailing to
Lanka.
Column confinement zone depth ( Adjacent to Beams) is greater of
(a) 500mm

lo
(b) = 500mm
6
(c) Maximum dimension of column (750mm)
Hence Depth of the confinement zone is taken as 750mm.
In confinement zones and at laps spacing of links/ cross ties shall be greater
of
(a) 100mm
Minimum Column Dimension
(b) but greater than 50mm
3
400
= 133.33mm > 50mm
3
Diameter of the links/ cross ties should be greater than 8mm.
Hence T10 links at 100mm spacing provided throughout since column bars
are lapped at two location between a given floor height.