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PT PROFAB INDONESIA Page 3

JN919 Blind Flange Thickness Calculation


For Hydrotest Condition
Based on Roark's & Young Formula of Stress and Strain

Design Pressure P 13.00 MPa


Design Temperature T 80.00 C
Test Pressure TP 19.50 MPa

Pipe Diameter OD 900.00 mm


Pipe Thickness ts 44.45 mm

Pipe Inside Diameter d 860.00 mm


Pipe radius a 430.00 mm

Blind Diameter Bd 930.00 mm


Blind section angle for calculation 90.00 deg
Material of blind EH - 36 or DH - 36 or equivalent
Material Yield strength Sy 355.00
Allowable Stress of blind = 0.67 * Sy Sab 237.85 N/mm2

Blind thickness choosen t 70.00 mm

Blind Adequacy per Roark & Young Plate Thickness


Total Load for one sector q = TP = 19.50 N/mm2
Modulus of Elastisity E = 200000.00 N/mm2
poisson's ratio used = 0.30

Maximum stress in the plate,


(Ref. Formulas for stress and strain by Roark & Young )
Table 24, Case No. 28

max = qa2
t2
As, = 90.00 deg
= 0.293
Hence max = 215.45 N/mm2
Result max < Sab SAFE

Maximum deflection of the plate,


(Ref. Formulas for stress and strain by Roark & Young )
Table 24, Case No. 28

Ymax = (*q*a^4)/E*t^3
As, = 90.00 deg
= 0.0144
Hence Ymax (uncorroded) = 0.1399416 mm

Result Ymax < t/2 SAFE


Blind Flange Welding Check
For Hydrotest Condition

Design Pressure P 13.00 MPa


Design Temperature T 80.00 C
Test Pressure TP 19.50 MPa

Pipe Diameter OD 900.00 mm


Pipe Thickness ts 44.45 mm
Pipe Inside Diameter d 811.10 mm
Pipe radius a 405.55 mm

Tension force due to internal pressure at blind flange : Pt 10075655.16 N 2265097 lbf

Fillet weld length around on Pipe & blind, Lf = *OD = 2827 mm = 111.32 in
Groove weld length around on Pipe & blind, Lg = *OD = 2827 mm = 111.32 in
Fillet weld leg dimension, wf = 20 mm = 0.79 in
Groove weld depth dimension, wg = 40 mm = 1.57 in

Welding area of fillet weld, Af = wf * Lf = 56549 mm2


Welding area of groove weld, Ag = wg * Lg = 113097 mm2

Allowable weld stress, Sw = 66.19 MPa = 9600 psi

Load on weld per linear length of weld:


Tension stress of weld, St = Pt / (Af + Ag) = 59.39 MPa = 8614 psi

Weld Status St < Sa PASS


Blind Flange Thickness Calculation
For Hydrotest Condition
Based on Roark's & Young Formula of Stress and Strain

Design Pressure P 1.03 Mpa = 150 Psi


Design Temperature T 90.00 C = 194 F
Test Pressure TP 1.34 Mpa = 194 Psi

Pipe Diameter OD 508.00 mm


Pipe Thickness ts 15.00 mm

Pipe Inside Diameter d 478.00 mm


Pipe inside radius r 239.00 mm

Blind Diameter Bd 508.00 mm


Material of blind SA-516 Gr.70
Material Yield strength Sy 260.00 MPa
Allowable Stress of blind = 0.67 * Sy Sab 174.20 MPa (For safety factor)

Blind thickness choosen t 12.00 mm

Blind Adequacy per Roark & Young Plate Thickness


Total Load for one sector q = TP = 1.34 N/mm2
Modulus of Elastisity E = 200000.00 N/mm2
poisson's ratio used = 0.30

Rectangular plate dimension a= 250.00 mm


b= 250.00 mm

Maximum stress in the plate,


(Ref. Formulas for stress and strain by Roark & Young, 7th Edition )
Table 11.4, Case No. 1a

max = qb2
t2
As, a/b = 1.00
= 0.287
Hence max = 167.15 N/mm2
Result max < Sab SAFE

Maximum deflection of the plate,


(Ref. Formulas for stress and strain by Roark & Young, 7th Edition )
Table 11.4, Case No. 1a

Ymax = (*q*b^4)/E*t^3
As, a/b = 1.00
= 0.0444
Hence Ymax (uncorroded) = 0.6724718 mm

Result Ymax < t/2 SAFE


Stiffener of Blind Flange
For Hydrotest Condition

1. Vertical stiffener Calculation


Stiffener to be used :
Stiffener size 12mm THK x 150 width
Stiffener thick, ta = 12.0 mm 0.5 in
Elastic modulus, E = 200000 MPa
Minimum yield strength, Sy = 260.0 MPa 37709.8 psi
Allowable stress, Sa = 0.67*Sy = 174.2 MPa 25265.6 psi
Allow. moment of inertia for horizontal stiffener (I a) = 0.6912 cm4 0.02 in4
Allow. section modulus of vertical stiffener (Za) = 0.58 cm3 0.0 in3

Distance between vertical stiffener, L = 250 mm 9.8 in


Height of vertical stiffener, H = 75 mm 3.0 in

Load per unit length w = TP x d = 640.52 N/mm

Required section modulus of vertical stiffener


Z = 0.0642*0.036*w*L*H2 = 0.16 cm3 0.01 in3
Sa

Check Stiffener Z < Za = PASS

Required moment of inertia


Imin = 0.7*w*L4 = 0.38 cm4 0.01 in4
192*E*ta

Check Stiffener Imin < Ia = PASS

2. Horizontal stiffener Calculation


Stiffener to be used :
Stiffener size 12mm THK x 150 width
Stiffener thick, ta = 12.0 mm 0.5 in
Elastic modulus, E = 200000 MPa
Minimum yield strength, Sy = 335.0 MPa 48587.6 psi
Allowable stress, Sa = 0.67*Sy = 224.45 MPa 32553.7 psi
Allow. moment of inertia for horizontal stiffener (I a) = 0.6912 cm4 0.02 in4
0.58 cm
3
Allow. section modulus of vertical stiffener (Za) = 0.0 in3

Distance between horizontal stiffener, L = 250 mm 9.8 in


Length of horizontal stiffener, H = 75 mm 3.0 in

Load per unit length w = TP x d = 640.52 N/mm

Required section modulus of horizontal stiffener


Z = 0.0642*0.036*w*H*L2 = 0.12 cm3 0.01 in3
Sa

Check Stiffener Z < Za = PASS

Required moment of inertia


Imin = 0.7*w*H4 = 0.38 cm4 0.01 in4
192*E*ta

Check Stiffener Imin < Ia = PASS


Blind Flange Thickness Calculation
For Hydrotest Condition
Based on Roark's & Young Formula of Stress and Strain

Design Pressure P 1.03 Mpa = 150 Psi


Design Temperature T 90.00 C = 194 F
Test Pressure TP 1.34 Mpa = 194 Psi

Pipe Diameter OD 508.00 mm


Pipe Thickness ts 15.00 mm

Pipe Inside Diameter d 478.00 mm


Pipe inside radius r 239.00 mm

Blind Diameter Bd 508.00 mm


Material of blind SA-516 Gr.70
Material Yield strength Sy 260.00 MPa
Allowable Stress of blind = 0.67 * Sy Sab 174.20 MPa (For safety factor)

Blind thickness choosen t 25.00 mm

Blind Adequacy per Roark & Young Plate Thickness


Total Load for one sector q = TP = 1.34 N/mm2
Modulus of Elastisity E = 200000.00 N/mm2
poisson's ratio used = 0.30

Rectangular plate dimension a= 508.00 mm


b= 508.00 mm

Maximum stress in the plate,


(Ref. Formulas for stress and strain by Roark & Young, 7th Edition )
Table 11.4, Case No. 1a

max = qb2
t2
As, a/b = 1.00
= 0.287
Hence max = 159.02 N/mm2
Result max < Sab SAFE

Maximum deflection of the plate,


(Ref. Formulas for stress and strain by Roark & Young, 7th Edition )
Table 11.4, Case No. 1a

Ymax = (*q*b^4)/E*t^3
As, a/b = 1.00
= 0.0444
Hence Ymax (uncorroded) = 1.2679222 mm

Result Ymax < t/2 SAFE