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BAROQUE & ROCOCO

FEATURES

Means Pearl of irregular shape


The fundamental characteristic of Baroque art is dynamism (a sense of motion)
and the systemization which is achieved by Strong curves, rich decoration, and
general complexity are all typical features of Baroque art
BAROQUE architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late
16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance
architecture and used it in a new fashion
They understand the complexity of synthesis of opposites; space and mass ;
movement and rest ; illusion and reality ; poer and gentleness
new emphasis was placed on bold massing, colonnades, domes, light-and-shade
'painterly' color effects, and the bold play of volume and void.
Architects of that time were sensitive to the effects of texture light water and
nautral elements
ROCOCO is the term applied to a type of Renaissance ornament made by stone
for decoration
richly sculpted surfaces.

Whereas Renaissance architects preferred planar classicism (flat surfaces veneered in


classical elements), Baroque architects freely moulded surfaces to achieve three-
dimensional sculpted classicism. And while the surface of a Renaissance building is
typically neatly divided into sections (in accordance with classical clarity and order), a
Baroque surface is treated as a continuous whole.

curved walls, columns, blind arches at entrance


Large-scale ceiling mural pianting
Skill of reproducing realistic effect
Use of contrast color
Use of lanscape
3 PAHSE OF BAROQUE
EARLY BAROQUE
SAINT PETER'S BASILICA (EXPLAIN LATTER)

HIGH BAROQUE
SAINT PETERS SQUARE (EXPLAIN LATTER)

SANT ANDREA AL- QUIRINALE (EXPLAIN LATTER)

LATE BAROQUE (ROCOCO)


The Late Baroque marks the ascent of France
famous for the double-sloped mansard roof

FAADE OF PALACE OF VERSAILLIES

grand country residences, One of the largest residences on earth


The palace facade admirably illustrates the classical-Baroque compromise of
northern Europe
The walls are characterized largely by simple planar classicism(flat)
contain Baroque elements as sculpted busts(a sculpture of a person's head,
shoulders, and chest), a triple stringcourse(raised course brick), double pilasters,
and colossal pilasters
the mansard roof
metal railing
rich moulding around the dormer windows
THE WIES PILGRIMAGE CHURCH

is a masterpiece of Rococo interior design, although its exterior is elegantly


simple.
an oval shaped church
vast richness and refinement can be seen in the paintings of it
The floor plan of the nave form a transverse rectangle between the two side
altars with front and back for the next reduced semicircles.
the nave is oval, which attaches to a choir with apse and a circular entrance hall.
Corinthian columns.
ARCHITECT WORKS
BERNINI

sant'andrea al quirinale
sant peter square
faade of sant bibiani church

SANT'ANDREA AL QUIRINALE

OVAL PLAN with the entrance and high alter on the short axis
Curved symmetrical stairway of the semicircular porch entrance

The elliptical lantern


The coat of the arms, above the entrance
Decoration above the entrance
semi circular porch.
rectangular columns that come out of a wall.
Ionic coloumn are provided at either side of entrance
Red marble corinthian pillars inside
The dome is richly coffered
which diminishes in size towards the lantern.
Sculpture all around dome
Two storey building
Both the floor, covered with
majolica tiles
2nd floor have 3 halls and few
rooms
Sketches on the walls
Staues in 3rd hall made up of in
polychrome marbles
SAINT BIBIANA, ROME, ITALY

He redesign the facade


The facade is divided in two orders.
The lower order has a portico with three arches which act as three enterances,
divided by pilasters with Ionic capitals
The upper order is tripartite by the pillars, which separate rectangular windows
vaulted ceiling inside
Near the entrance is a column of red marble
The columns are made of red granite-gray and white marble, surmounted by
capitals of Corinthian and composite style
The walls of the nave, where once you opened the windows then closed by
Bernini, are entirely covered with paintings.
Above the altar there is bibiani sculpture by Bernini.

Redesign the alter.

Initially it was very low . he increased its


hight and place a bibiani sculpture on it
CHRISTOPHER WREN
Mixture of this classical design with a modern empirical design.

Wren saw architecture as a form of mathematical practice

discipline in design

ST PAULS CATHEDRAL LONDON

The building is of two storey


long width and has projecting transepts
continuous colonnade of Corinthian order around the drum of the dome
Niches between the columns in every fourth opening.
The dome reaches a height of 111 meters and weights about 66,000 ton
Eight arches support the dome.
. On top of the dome is a large lantern with a weight of 850 ton.
The towers stand outside the width of the aisles,
The lower parts of the towers continue the theme of the outer walls, but are
differentiated from them in order to create an appearance of strength.
The windows of the lower storey are smaller
ashlar masonry, above a basement
balustrade above the upper cornice.
are mosaics on the ceiling.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN BAROQUE AND ROCOCO

one of them being symmetry, since Rococo emphasised the asymmetry of


forms,whilst Baroque was the opposite.
The styles, despite both being richly decorated, also had different themes
the Baroque, for instance, was more serious, placing an emphasis on religion, and
was often characterized by Christian themes whwreas rococo have light haearted
and jocular theme
Other elements belonging to the architectural style of Rococo include numerous
curves and decorations, as well as the usage of pale colours.
Rococo is an entirely interior style, they simply renovated the interiors of the
existing buildings