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The Marvelous Land of Oz

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The Marvelous Land

First edition book cover

Author L. Frank Baum
Illustrator John R. Neill
Country United States
Language English
Series The Oz books
Genre Children's novel
Publisher Reilly & Britton
Publication date July 5, 1904
Media type Print (hardcover)
Preceded by The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
Followed by Ozma of Oz

The Marvelous Land of Oz: Being an Account of the Further Adventures of the
Scarecrow and the Tin Woodman, commonly shortened to The Land of Oz,[1] published
on July 5, 1904[citation needed], is the second of L. Frank Baum's books set in the Land of Oz,
and the sequel to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900). This and the next 34 Oz books of the
famous 40 were illustrated by John R. Neill. The book was made into an episode of The
Shirley Temple Show in 1960, and into a Canada/Japan co-produced animated series of the
same name in 1986. It was also adapted in comic book form by Marvel Comics, with the
first issue being released in November 2009. Plot elements from The Marvelous Land of Oz
are included in the 1985 Disney feature film Return to Oz.
1 Plot Summary
2 Stage Elements
3 Dramatic Adaptations
4 References
5 External links

Plot Summary
The events are set shortly after the events in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and after Dorothy
Gale's departure back to Kansas. The protagonist of the novel is an orphan boy called Tip.
For as long as he can remember, Tip has been under the guardianship of a cruel Wicked
Witch named Mombi (who is the main antagonist) and lives in the northern quadrant of Oz
called Gillikin Country. Mombi has always been extremely mean and abusive to Tip. As
Mombi is returning home one day, Tip plans to get revenge and frighten her with a wooden
man he has made, with a large Jack-o'-lantern he carves for a head, thus naming him Jack
Pumpkinhead. To Tip's dismay, Mombi is not fooled by this trick, and she takes this
opportunity to demonstrate the new magic "Powder of Life" that she had just obtained from
another sorcerer. Mombi tells Tip that she intends to transform him into a marble statue to
punish him for his mischievous ways.

In order to avoid being turned into a marble statue, Tip runs away with Jack that very same
night and steals the Powder of Life. He uses it to animate the wooden Sawhorse for Jack to
ride. The Sawhorse runs so quickly that Tip is left behind. Walking alone, he meets General
Jinjur's all-girl Army of Revolt, which is planning to overthrow the Scarecrow (who has
ruled the Emerald City since the end of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz). Meanwhile, Jack and
the Sawhorse arrive at the Emerald City and make the acquaintance of His Majesty the
Scarecrow. Jinjur and her crew invade the Emerald city, terrorize the citizens, and loot the
city, causing great havoc and chaos. Tip joins Jack and the Scarecrow in the palace, and
they escape on the Sawhorse's back.

Jack Pumpkinhead, Tin Woodman, Scarecrow, and Tip meet the Woggle-Bug

The companions arrive at the tin castle of the Tin Woodman (who now rules the Winkie
Kingdom following the Wicked Witch of the West's demise in the first book) and plan to
retake the Emerald City with his help. On their way back, they are diverted by the magic of
Mombi (whom Jinjur recruited to help her apprehend them). They are joined by the "Highly
Magnified and Thoroughly Educated" Woggle-Bug, and aided by the loyal field mice and
their Mouse Queen. The Queen of the field mice allows the Scarecrow to take twelve mice
concealed in his straw. When the party reaches the Emerald City, Jinjur and her soldiers
imprison the group and lock them away. However, the female soldiers (being female) are
scared by the field mice and leave the city's palace. However, they still occupy the grounds
of the city, and the palace is surrounded. The travelers are imprisoned in the palace. The
Scarecrow proposes manufacturing a clever flying machine with a Gump's stuffed head to
direct it. Tip uses the powder of life to animate this machine, which is assembled from the
palace furniture, and they fly off, with no control over their direction, out of Oz. They land
in a nest of jackdaws which is full of all of the birds' stolen goods. The flying Gump's
wings are damaged in the landing.

The jackdaws return to their nest and attack the travelers, carrying off the Scarecrow's
straw. Fortunately, the nest contains a large amount of paper money, with which the
Scarecrow can be re-stuffed. Using Wishing Pills they discover in the container holding the
Powder of Life, Tip and his friends escape and journey to the palace of Glinda the Good
Witch in Oz's southern quadrant, the Quadling Country. They learn from Glinda that after
the fall of Oz's mortal king Pastoria decades ago, a long lost princess named Ozma was
hidden away in secrecy when the Wizard of Oz took the throne. She also informs them that
Ozma is the rightful ruler of the Emerald City and all of Oz in general, not the Scarecrow
(who did not really want the job anyway). Glinda therefore accompanies Tip, Jack, the
Sawhorse, the Scarecrow, the Tin Woodman, the Wogglebug, and the Gump back to the
Emerald City to see Mombi. The crooked woman tries to deceive them by disguising a
chambermaid named Jellia Jamb as herself (which fails), but manages to elude them as they
search for her in the Emerald City. Just as their time runs out, the Tin Woodman plucks a
rose to wear in his lapel, unaware that this is the transformed Mombi.

Glinda discovers the deception right away and leads the pursuit of Mombi, who is finally
caught as she tries to cross the Deadly Desert in the form of a fast and long-running griffin.
Under pressure from Glinda, Mombi confesses that the Wizard brought her the infant
Ozma, whom she transformed into ... the boy Tip. At first, Tip is utterly shocked and
appalled to learn this, but Glinda and his friends help him to accept his destiny, and Mombi
performs her last spell to undo the curse, turning him back into the fairy princess Ozma.

The restored Ozma is established on the throne after defeating Jinjur and her army. The Tin
Woodman invites the Scarecrow to return with him to the Winkie Country along with Jack
Pumpkinhead. The Gump is disassembled at his request (though his head was a hunting
trophy that can still speak), Glinda returns to her palace in Quadling Country, the Woggle-
bug remains as Ozma's advisor, and the Sawhorse becomes Ozma's personal steed. The
forgotten prophecy is finally fulfilled and Oz is politically whole once more, with Ozma in
her rightful position as the child Queen of Oz.

Stage Elements
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz had been transformed into a stage play, and in this work,
several elements were clearly incorporated with an eye to that adaptation and to the
possible adaptations of this work.[2] The Marvelous Land of Oz was dedicated to David C.
Montgomery and Fred Stone, the comedians "whose clever personations of the Tin
Woodman and the Scarecrow have delighted thousands of children throughout the land..."
in the 1902 stage adaptation of the first Oz book. Following the Tin Woodman's and the
Scarecrow's importance to the play, a similar importance is given them this work, where
neither Dorothy nor the Cowardly Lion appear.[2][3]
The Marvelous Land of Oz was also influenced by the story and vaudevillian tone of the
stage play.[3] The character of the Wizard was in the book a good man though a bad wizard
but in the play, the villain of the piece; this is reflected by the evil part he is described as
having played in the back story of this work.[4] The two armies of women, both Jinjur's and
Glinda's, were so clearly intended as future chorus girls that even reviews of the book noted
the similarity.[5]

It has been suggested that the twist of Tip being the Princess Ozma also reflects stage
traditions, as Tip would have likely have been played by a woman in drag.

Dramatic Adaptations
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1905 advertisement in the Chicago Record Herald

One early reviewer of The Marvelous Land of Oz noted that some details in the book
clearly appeared to be designed for stage productionin particular, "General Jinjur and her
soldiers are only shapely chorus girls."[6] Since the stage adaptation of The Wonderful
Wizard of Oz had been a huge hit, with two companies still touring the country as the
second book was published, the reviewer's suspicion was both natural and accurate: Baum
wrote a stage adaptation called The Woggle-Bug that was produced in Chicago the summer
of 1905. (The detail of Tip/Ozma's sex change, which can raise a range of psychological
speculations in modern readers, made perfect sense in terms of early twentieth-century
stage practice, since the juvenile male role of Tip would have been played by an actress as a
matter of course.[citation needed]) The musical score was composed by Frederic Chapin, and
Fred Mace played the Woggle-Bug. (Baum had wanted Fred Stone and David Montgomery
to reprise their roles as the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman for the second show, but the two
refused, fearing typecasting, and the characters were omitted completely from the play.)
The play was not successful.[7]

In addition to being part of the basis for Baum's The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays, Land of
Oz was the final 1910 Selig Polyscope Oz film, and has been brought to the screen several
additional times. The Land of Oz, a Sequel to the Wizard of Oz was a two-reel production
by the Meglin Kiddies made in 1931 and released in 1932. The film was recently
recovered, but the soundtrack of the second reel is missing. The Wonderful Land of Oz
(1969) was a studio-bound production from independent filmmaker Barry Mahon, which
starred his son, Channy, as Tip. Mahon had previously produced nudie films; however,
those films were made in New York, while Oz was made in Florida, and neither Caroline
Berner (as Jinjur) nor the rest of her army were drawn from his former casts. Filmation's
Journey Back to Oz (1971), recast the army of revolt with green elephants and Tip with
Dorothy, but was essentially an unaccredited adaptation of this book. Elements from this
novel and the following one, Ozma of Oz, were incorporated into the 1985 film Return to
Oz featuring Fairuza Balk as Dorothy. It is also adapted in Ozu no Mahtsukai and the
Russian animated film, Adventures of the Emerald City: Princess Ozma (2000).

The story was dramatized on the TV series "The Shirley Temple Show" in a one-hour
program, The Land of Oz, broadcast on September 18, 1960, with a notable cast including
Shirley Temple as Tip and Ozma, Agnes Moorehead as Mombi the witch, Sterling
Holloway as Jack Pumpkinhead, Ben Blue as the Scarecrow, Gil Lamb as the Tin
Woodman, and Mel Blanc as the voice of the Saw-Horse. Although the adaptation was
faithful overall, much of the plot had to be sacrificed to fit the story into a one-hour time
slot, and Dr. Nikidik was added to the storyline and refashioned into a lord (played by
Jonathan Winters).[8]

The Wizard of Oz screenwriter Noel Langley registered an unproduced script with the U.S.
Copyright Office which framed the story as the dream of an orphaned girl named
"Tippie".[citation needed]

A new stage production of The Marvelous Land of Oz was mounted in Minneapolis in

1981, with music composed by Richard Dworsky, a book by Thomas W. Olson, and lyrics
by Gary Briggle, who originated the role of the Scarecrow. This play stayed close to the
novel, eliminating some stage-difficult moments and expanding the role of Jellia Jamb. The
play was premiered by The Children's Theatre Company and School of Minneapolis, and a
recording of the production was made available by MCA Video. The professional and
community theatre rights to the play are currently available.

The 1905 Woggle-Bug script has not been published, though it has been preserved on
microfilm. Its songs were published, and a collected volume was published by Hungry
Tiger Press in 2001. The book was out of print for a while, but is now available again.
In 1985, the Windham Classics text adventure of the Wizard of Oz adapted much of the
plot of this book, however it did not include the bespelled Ozma. At the story's conclusion
Tip is crowned King of Oz.

Return to Oz, 1985, was partly based on this book, however Dorothy replaced Tip/Ozma,
and the plot was drastically altered.

In 2000, a Russian animated film was made.

Elements of the 2007 Sci-Fi Channel miniseries Tin Man also borrow from this book as
much as it did The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. The protagonist, like Tip/Ozma, was a lost
princess sent away from The O.Z. and magically altered to forget much of her previous

Gregory Maguire's novel Out of Oz is a loose retelling of the events of The Marvelous Land
of Oz.

The Land of Oz is an upcoming independent film based on this book. Unlike the original
book, however, Dorothy is the protagonist rather than Tippetarius.[9][10]