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Name: Photosynthesis & Respiration Exam

Directions: Read each question carefully. Choose the letter of the answer choice that best completes the
statement and/or answers the question. Good luck!
1) Which structure in the figure shown below 4) What happens when chlorophyll is struck by
represents a single thylakoid? sunlight?
A) The chlorophyll molecule is broken down into
two parts
B) A chemical reaction turns glucose into two
molecules of pyruvate
C) A chemical reaction turns chlorophyll into high
energy carbohydrates
D) The electrons in the chlorophyll molecule
become excited
A) Structure A 5) The net amount of ATP produced in photosynthesis
B) Structure B is
C) Structure C
A) 0 ATP D) 36 ATP
D) The whole image is a single thylakoid
B) 2 ATP E) 38 ATP
2) Base your answer to the following question on
C) 34 ATP
the picture below.
6) Which materials are utilized during the Calvin cycle
in order to reduce fixed carbon to carbohydrate?
A) Sunlight
C) O 2 and CH2O
D) Electrons and ATP
E) NADP+ and CO2
7) In an experiment a drop of leaf extract containing
five components was placed near the bottom of a
chromatography paper. Which of the following
statements is NOT true?
A) In the next step of the experiment the paper
should be placed in a solvent which moves up
the paper by capillary action.
B) As the solvent touches the extract, each
component within the extract moves at a
different rate.
Anaerobic metabolism of glucose occurs here C) In the end, five spots should appear on the
A) A D) Pigments move at different rates according to
B) B their ability to dissolve in the solvent.
C) C E) The pigment that dissolves the best moves up
D) More than one of the above the paper the slowest.
E) None of the above 8) A proton gradient is generated across the inner
3) The Krebs cycle does NOT occur if mitochondrial membrane during (the)

A) oxygen is present A) anaerobic fermentation

B) oxygen is not present B) electron transport chain
C) glycolysis occurs C) glycolysis
D) carbon dioxide is present D) Kreb's cycle

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9) During photosynthesis, energized photosystems 16) The diagram below represents part of the process
embedded in the thylakoid membranes of of cellular respiration.
chloroplasts produce which of the following?
A) ATP and NAD+ D) Sugar and O 2
B) ATP and NADPH E) H2O and ATP
C) ADP and H2O
10) Oxygen given off by plants is derived from
A) carbon dioxide
B) water
C) the sun
D) nitrogen elements in the soil
E) cell respiration
11) Which of the following is the correct sequence of
Energy is released and made available for
events in cellular respiration?
metabolic activities at
A) glycolysis -> electron transport chain -> Krebs
A) step 1, only
B) step 2, only
B) Krebs cycle -> electron transport chain ->
C) both step 1 and step 2
D) neither step 1 nor step 2
C) glycolysis -> Krebs cycle -> electron transport
chain 17) The function of the electron transport proteins in
D) electron transport chain -> Krebs cycle -> the thylakoid membranes is to
glycolysis A) prepare oxygen for eventual incorporation into
12) Plants gather energy with light-absorbing glucose
molecules called B) produce of NADPH
A) pigments C) chloroplasts C) produce of ADP
B) thylakoids D) glucose D) pump hydrogen ions into the inner cristae
space for later generation of ATP
13) The process of fixing carbon dioxide into
E) pump hydrogen ions into the thylakoid space
carbohydrates occurs in the
for later generation of ATP
A) carbon photophosphorylation 18) Glycolysis does not continue if
B) glycolysis
A) there is no oxygen present
C) light dependent process
B) NADH is not oxidized
D) light independent process
C) FADH is not oxidized
E) synthesis of ATP
D) there is excess pyruvate
14) The gas needed for photosynthesis is
E) there is excess carbon dioxide
A) CO2 obtained by diffusion through the upper 19) A green plant is kept in a brightly lit area for 48
epidermis hours. What will most likely occur if the light
B) CO2 obtained by diffusion regulated by guard intensity is reduced slightly during the next 48
cells hours?
C) H2O obtained by osmosis through veins
A) Photosynthesis will stop completely.
D) O 2 obtained by diffusion through veins
B) The rate at which nitrogen is used by the plant
E) O 2 obtained by diffusion regulated by guard
will increase.
C) The rate at which oxygen is released from the
15) The product of anaerobic fermentation in yeast is plant will decrease.
A) pyruvate D) lactic acid D) Glucose production inside each plant cell will
B) carbonic acid E) ethyl alcohol increase.
C) carbon dioxide 20) Which of the following is an electron carrier that
plays a role in cellular respiration?
B) Pyruvic Acid D) ATP

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21) The diagram below represents a change in guard cells that open and close pores in a plant.

This change directly helps to

A) increase heterotrophic nutrition C) regulate water loss
B) absorb minerals D) reduce seed production
22) The diagram below represents a cross section of a 24) In most plants the process of photosynthesis
plant structure. occurs most rapidly when the plants are exposed
to equal intensities of
A) green and red light
B) blue and red light
C) yellow and orange light
D) green and yellow light
25) An enzyme known as rubisco enables plants use
large amounts of carbon dioxide. This enzyme is
most likely active in the
A) nucleus C) mitochondria
B) vacuoles D) chloroplasts
Which letter indicates the region where most 26) Much of the carbon dioxide produced by green
autotrophic nutrition takes place? plants is not excreted as a metabolic waste
because it
A) A B) B C) C D) D
A) can be used for photosynthesis
23) Four plants of the same size and type were grown
B) is too large to pass through cell membranes
for 24 hours under identical conditions except for
the color of the light source. The chart below C) is needed for cellular respiration
identifies the color of the light each plant was D) can be used for the creation of proteins
exposed to during the experiment. 27) Base your answer to the following question on the
two processes represented below and on your
knowledge of biology.

In both processes, the X represents

A) catalysts C) monosaccharides
After 24 hours, the leaves of each plant were B) hydrogen acceptors D) hormones
tested for sugar. Which plant most likely contained 28) Where are photosystems I and II found?
the smallest amount of sugar?
A) In the stroma
A) A B) B C) C D) D B) In the thylakoid membrane
C) In the cristae
D) In the cell membrane

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Base your answers to questions 29 and 30 on the biochemical reactions below and on your knowledge of

29) Letter C represents

A) oxygen B) 2C6Hl2O 6 C) 4 ADP D) alcohol
30) Letter A represents
A) hydrogen B) 2 DNA C) carbon dioxide D) 2 ATP

31) A biological process that occurs in both plants and animals is shown below.

Which row in the chart below identifies the lettered substances in this process?

A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) 4
32) The graph below shows the number of push-ups a 33) What are the products of the light-dependent
student completed in each of four 2-minute trials (A reactions?
-D) during a 15-minute exercise period.
A) oxygen gas and glucose
B) ATP, NADPH, and oxygen gas
C) ATP, carbon dioxide gas, and NADPH
D) Carbon dioxide gas, oxygen gas, and NADPH

The concentration of lactic acid in the student's

muscle tissue was most likely greatest during trial
A) A B) B C) C D) D

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Base your answers to questions 34 and 35 on the image

34) During photosynthesis, letter X marks the spot for

which of the following processes?
A) Calvin cycle, glycolysis, and ATP synthesis
B) Calvin cycle, electron transport chain, and
photosystem I
C) Photophosphorylation, photosystem I, and
carbon fixation
D) Carbon fixation, electron transport chain, and
ATP synthesis
E) Photosystem II, electron transport chain, and
photosystem I
35) The organic compound exported from the Calvin
cycle is
A) carbon dioxide D) sucrose
B) G3P E) glycerin

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