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Avanti

- NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Test Code: SB-FT-45-16 Set A


INST RUCT IONS
1. T his paper has 9 0 questions.
2. All questions are compulsory.
3. Each question has four options, out of which ONLY ONE is correct.
4. Each question carries 4 marks.
5. T he paper carries negative marking. 1 marks will be deducted for each wrong answer.

Maximum T ime: 90 Minutes Total Marks: 360

Name:_____________________________ Roll Number:__________________

SECT ION I-BIOLOGY

Q1. T ill date there has been no improved seed of _________.


A) cabbage B) wheat
C) pearl millet D) rice

Q2. Seeds are regarded to be the product of sexual reproduction because they
A) can be stored for a long period.
B) give rise to new plants.
C) are the result of fusion of male gamete with the female gamete.
D) none of the above.

Q3. G ametophyte and sporophyte are independent of each other in which of the following groups?
A) Pteridophytes B) Angiosperms
C) G ymnosperms D) Bryophytes

Q4. Which one of the following is not correct?


A) Early wood is characterized by large number of xylary elements
B) Early wood is characterized by vessels with wider cavities
C) Late wood is characterized by large number of xylary elements
D) Late wood is characterized by vessels with narrower cavities.

Q5. Which of the following group is formed of only the hermaphrodite organisms?
A) Earthworm, Tapeworm, Housefly, Frog
B) Earthworm, Tapeworm, Sea horse, Housefly
C) Earthworm, Leach, Sponge, Roundworm
D) Earthworm, Tapeworm, Leech, Sponge

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Avanti - NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Q6. Primary acceptor in plants is ________.


A) RuBP B) Oxaloacetate
C) Phosphoglyceraldehyde D) PEP

Q7. Which of these combinations is most likely to be present before ovulation occurs?
A) FSH, corpus luteum, estrogen, secretory uterine lining
B) LH, corpus luteum, progesterone, secretory uterine lining
C) FSH, follicle, estrogen, uterine lining becoming thick
D) Luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle, progestrone, thick uterine lining

Q8. Match the following mentioned cartilages with their location?


Cartilage Location

a. Hyaline cartilage i. Pectoral girdle of frog

b. Fibrous cartilage ii. Long bones, sternum, ribs

c. Elastic cartilage iii. Pubic symphysis

d. Calcified cartilage iv. Eustachian tube, epiglottis

A) a - i, b - ii, c - iii, d - iv B) a - ii, b - iii, c - iv, d - i


C) a - ii, b - iv, c - iii, d - i D) a - iv, b - iii, c - iv, d - i

Q9. Which phase of malarial parasite is infectious to man?


A) G ametocyte B) Merozoite
C) Cryptomerozoite D) Sporozoite

Q10. A large regional unit characterized by a major vegetation type and associated fauna found in a
specific climate zone constitutes _______.
A) ecosystem B) biological community
C) biome D) habitat

Q11. Which one of the following statement(s) is/are correct about G enetic Engineering Approval
committee (G EAC)?
A) It will make decision regarding the validity of G M research.
B) It will make the safety of introducing G M-organism for public services.
C) Its genetic modification of organisms can have unpredictable results when such organisms
are introduced into the ecosystem. T herefore, the Indian government has set up
organisation such as G EAC.
D) All of the above

Q12. In man and mammals, air passes from outside into the lungs through
A) nasal cavity, larynx, pharynx, trachea, bronchi, alveoli.
B) nasal cavity, larynx, pharynx, trachea, bronchioles, alveoli.
C) nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchioles, bronchi, alveoli.
D) nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli.

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Avanti - NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Q13. T he following diagrams, I, II, III, IV and V show the different types of arrangement of stamens
based on the cohesion of their parts in different plants. Assign the stamens to their respective
plants. Choose the correct answer.

A) I - Hibiscus rosa-sinen-sis, II - Helianthus annus, III - Cucurbita pepo, IV - Crotolaria juncea, V


- Bombax ceiba
B) I - Hibiscus rosa-sinen-sis, II - Bombax ceiba, III - Cucurbita pepo, IV - Crotolaria juncea, V
- Helianthus annus
C) I - Hibiscus rosa-sinen-sis, II - Bombax ceiba, III - Helianthus annus, IV - Cucurbita pepo, V
- Crotolaria juncea
D) I - Hibiscus rosa-sinen-sis, II - Crotolaria juncea, III - Bombax ceiba, IV - Helianthus annus, V
- Cucurbita pepo

Q14. Nicotine acts as a stimulant because it mimics the effect of ______.


A) testosterone B) dopamine
C) thyroxine D) accetylcholine

Q15. T he aquatic organisms that can actively swim at will against the water current is
A) neuston B) plankton
C) nekton D) benthos

Q16. Which is the correct order of increasing geological time scale for a hypothetical vertebrate
evolution?
A) Coenozoic, mesozoic, palaeozoic, precambrian
B) Coenozoic, palaeozoic, mesozoic, precambrian
C) Precambrian, coenozoic, palaeozoic, mesozoic
D) Precambrian, palaeozoic, mesozoic, coenozoic

Q17. Appropriate measures to reduce overall greenhouse gas emissions are the commitments of the
________.
A) Montreal Protocol B) Environment Act
C) Kyoto Protocol D) Earth Summit

Q18. T he endothelium of blood vessel is composed of ___________.


A) cuboidal eithelium B) columnar epithelium
C) squamous epithelium D) ciliated epithelium

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Avanti - NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Q19. What are Singer and Nicolson known for?


A) One gene - one enzyme hypothesis B) Plasma membrane modifications
C) Fluid-mosaic model of plasma membrane D) Structure of D NA

Q20. T he long gap of million years between the origin of earth and of life on it is due to lack of
_________.
A) oxygen B) water
C) D NA D) suitable temperature

Q21. In a typical heart, If End D iastolic Volume (ED V) is if blood and End Systolic Volume (ESV)
is of blood the stroke volume (SV) is __________.
A) B)
C) D)

Q22. Which of the following is incorrectly matched?


A) Alpha diversity- Number of species in a given habitat
B) G enetic diversity- Variation of genes within species
C) Beta- diversity- D iversity of habitat in the whole region
D) Species diversity- T he product of species richness and evenness

Q23. In genetic fingerprinting, the 'probe' refers to


A) a radioactively labelled single stranded D NA molecule.
B) a radioactively labelled single stranded RNA molecule.
C) a radioactively labelled double stranded RNA molecule.
D) a radioactively labelled double stranded D NA molecule.

Q24. D epolarization of axolemma during nerve conduction takes place because of


A) equal amount of and move out across axolemma.
B) moves inside and moves more outside.
C) more on the outside.
D) none of the above.

Q25. AT P can be formed in the photosynthesizing plant cells by


A) photophosphorylation. B) oxidative phosphorylation.
C) substrate level phosphorylation. D) all of the above.

Q26. T he joint of the hip and shoulders are called


A) hinge joint. B) ball and socket joint.
C) pivot joint. D) ellipsoid joint.

Q27. A man with enlarged breasts, sparse body hair and XXY genotype is suffering from _________.
A) D own's syndrome B) T urner's syndrome
C) Klinefelter's syndrome D) super male syndrome

Q28. T he silkworm silk is the product of


A) salivary gland of the larva. B) salivary gland of the adult.
C) cuticle of the larva. D) cuticle of the adult.

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Avanti - NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Q29. A child took sugar cane and sucked its juice. Regarding this which of the following match is
correct?
Substrate Enzyme Site of secretion of enzyme Product formed
I Proteins Pepsin D uodenum Polypeptide
II Starch Amylase Salivary glands G lucose
III Lipids Lipase Pancrease Fat globules
IV Sucrose Invertase D uodenum G lucose + Fructose

A) I B) II
C) III D) IV

Q30. Select the correct sequence from the following:

I. Juvenile phase Senescent phase Reproductive phase


II. Juvenile phase Reproductive phase Senescent phase
III. Reproductive phase Juvenile phase Senescent phase
IV. Vegetative phase Reproductive phase Senescent phase

A) I and II B) I and IV
C) III and IV D) II and IV

Q31. G olgi apparatus is absent in


A) lower plants. B) blue green algae.
C) liver cell. D) higher plants.

Q32. Which of the following has highest diversity in India?


A) Mango B) D olphin
C) T iger D) Orchid

Q33. Sago is obtained from _________.


A) Cycas B) Pinus
C) G inkgo D) Zamia

Q34. Which is the causative agent for syphilis?


A) Haemophilus ducreyi B) Treponema pallidum
C) Chlamydia trachomatis D) All of the above

Q35. Which of the following hormone/enzyme is/are correctly paired with its function?

I. Renin- Enzyme that catalyses the formation of angiotensim-I.


II. Aldosterone - Regulates water reabsorption at the distal convoluted tubule.
III. Anti-diuretic hormone (AD H) - It is powerful vasocontrictor that stimulates the secretion
of aldosterone.
IV. Angiotensin II- Promotes reabsorption of sodium at distal convoluted tubule.

A) Only I B) Only III


C) I, II and III D) II, III and IV

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Avanti - NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Q36. Which one of the following assisted reproductive technologies is correctly defined?
A) Zygote-intra fallopian transfer - Embryos with more than blastomeres are transferred into
the Fallopian tube.
B) Intra-uterine transfer - Zygote or early embryos upto blastomeres are transferred into
uterus.
C) G amete-intra Fallopian transfer - Ovum is transferred into the Fallopian tube.
D) Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection - Semen collected is artificially injected into uterus.

Q37. Select the incorrect statement regarding angiosperms.


A) Megaspore is diploid.
B) Megaspore is the fist cell of female gametophyte.
C) T he pollen grain is the first cell of the male gametophyte.
D) All of the above.

Q38. D uring which stage of meiosis, synaptonemal complex is formed?


A) Pachytene B) D iplotene
C) D iakinesis D) Zygotene

Q39. Which of the following options has correctly matched algal class with its major pigments and
stored food?
Classe of algae Major pigments Stored food
I Chlorophyceae Cellulose
II Phaeophyceae fucoxanthin Mannitol, laminarin
III Rhodophyceae xanthophyll Starch, algin
IV Cyanophyceae Phycocyanin & phycoerythrin Floridean starch, glycogen

A) I B) II
C) III D) IV

Q40. T he "bakane" (foolish seedling), a disease of rice seedlings, is caused by fungal pathogen named
_________.
A) Gibberella fujikuroi B) Gibberella kurosowaii
C) Gibberella fumerai D) none of these

Q41. In primary succession on rocks, the pioneer species are usually _________.
A) algae B) fungi
C) lichens D) bryophytes

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Avanti - NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Q42. Match the various classes of animals given under Column I with the examples listed in Column II.
Choose the answer which gives the correct combination of alphabets of the two columns.
Column I Column II
(Classes) (Examples)

i. Polychaeta p. Scorpion

ii. Tematoda q. Pila

iii. Arachnida r. Liver fluke

iv. G astropoda s. Nereis

t. Star fish

A) i - s, ii - r, iii - p, iv - q B) i - r, ii - s, iii - p, iv - t
C) i - q, ii - s, iii - t, iv - p D) i - t, ii - q, iii - s, iv - r

Q43. Loss of forests, urbanization, increasing pollution are all due to


A) global warming. B) green house effect.
C) population explosion. D) ozone depletion.

Q44. G iven below are five statements (I-V) regarding contrivances to ensure cross pollination in plants.

I. D icliny Anthers and stigmas mature at different times in a bisexual flower.


II. D ichogamy Flowers are unisexual.
III. Prepotency Pollen grains of same flower germinate more rapidly over the stigma than
the pollen grains of another flower.
IV. Heterostyly T wo or three type of flowers with different heights of styles.
V. Herkogamy A mechanical device to prevent self-pollination.
Which of the above statements are correct?

A) I and II B) I, II and III


C) III, IV and V D) IV and V

Q45. Which of the following statements is correct?


A) All bacteria are heterotrophic
B) Bacteria are either heterotrophic or chemoautotrophic
C) Bacteria can also be photoautotrophic
D) Bacteria are either photoautotrophic or chemoautotrophic

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Avanti - NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Q46. T he label X and Y in the given diagram of human urinary system represents


A) X- Urethra, Y-Ureter B) X- Ureter, Y- Urethra
C) X-Bladder, Y-Urethra D) X- Ureter, Y-Bladder

Q47. Which one of the following endocrine glands stores its secretion in the extracellular space before
discharging it into the blood?
A) Testis B) T hyroid
C) Pancreas D) Adrenal

Q48. If in a pea plant, the factors for controlling seed coat colour and shape of seeds were present on
the same chromosome very close together then performing dihybrid experiments with these
characters, Mendel would not have been able to arrive at the idea of ________.
A) independent assortment B) dominance
C) segregation D) incomplete dominance

Q49. Polydactyly in man is due to


A) autosomal dominant gene. B) autosomal recessive gene.
C) sex-linked dominant gene. D) sex-linked recessive gene.

Q50. Select the correct matching of the drug with its source and effect.

D rug Source Effects


I Morphine Datura Slows down body function
II Nicotine Tobacco Raises blood pressure and increases heart rate
III Cocaine Erythroxylum coca Reduces pain and sedates
IV Cannabinoids Atropa belladona Affects cardio-vascular system.

A) I B) II
C) III D) IV

Q51. Which one of the following strategies would be best suitable to evolve a pure line of an animal?
A) Cross-breeding B) Outbreeding
C) Inbreeding D) Out-crossing.

Q52. Calvin cycle proceeds in three stages namely


A) oxidation, carboxylation and reduction. B) reduction, oxidation and regeneration.
C) carboxylation, reduction and regeneration. D ) carboxylation, oxidation and regeneration.

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Avanti - NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Q53. T he type of placentation in which ovary is syncarpous, unilocular and ovules on sutures is called
_________.
A) marginal placentation B) apical placentation
C) parietal placentation D) superficial placentation

Q54. If by radiation all nitrogenase enzymes are inactivated then which of the following will not occur?

I. Fixation of atmospheric .
II. Conversion from nitrate to nitrite in legumes.
III. Fixation of nitrogen in legumes.
IV. Conversion from ammonium to nitrate in soil.

A) (ii) and (iii) B) (i) and (iii)


C) (ii) and (iv) D) (iii) only

Q55. T he common characteristics between tomato and potato will be maximum at the level of their
_________.
A) family B) order
C) divison D) genus

Q56. An insect bite may result in inflammation on that spot. T his is triggered by the alarm chemicals
such as
A) histamine and dopamine B) histamine and kinins
C) interferons and opsonin D) interferons and histones.

Q57. A year old student goes to his opthalamologist. He has problem in reading books. T his may be
because he is not able to contract his ________.
A) retina B) pupil
C) iris D) ciliary muscles

Q58. T he given figure shows L.S of seed of maize. What do I, II, III and IV represent?

A) I: endosperm; II: scutellum; III: plumule; IV: coleoptile


B) I: scutellum; II: pericarp; III: radicle; IV: coleoptile
C) I: endosperm; II: scutellum; III: radicle; IV: coleorrhiza
D) I: scutellum; II: pericarp; III: plumule; IV: coleorrhiza

Q59. T he part of the brain where the centre for hunger and thirst is located is __________.
A) cerebrum B) hypothalamus
C) cerebellum D) medulla oblongata

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Avanti - NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Q60. Which of the following is not used as bioweapon?


A) Bacillus anthracis B) Botulinum toxin
C) Bacillus thuringiensis toxin D) Smallpox

Q61. In transcription of eukaryotas, heterogenous nuclear RNA (hnRNA) is transcribed by __________.


A) RNA polymerase I B) RNA polymerase II
C) RNA polymerase III D) all of these

Q62. Match column I with column II and select the correct options from the codes given below.
Column I Column II

a. Saddle joint i. Metacarpo-phalangeal joint

b. G liding joint ii. Carpometacarpal join of thumb

c. Hinge joint iii. Between tarsal bones

d. Ellipsoid joint iv. Knee joint

A) a - i, b - ii, c - iii, d - iv B) a - ii, b - iii, c - iv, d - i


C) a - iv, b - iii, c - ii, d - i D) a - iii, b - ii, c - iv, d - i

Q63. T he site of production of AD A in the body is ________.


A) bone marrow B) lymphocytes
C) blood plasma D) monocytes

Q64. T he tract of nerve fibres which connects the cerebral hemispheres is


A) corpus luteum. B) corpus callosum.
C) corpora quadrigeminia. D) cerebral aqueduct.

Q65. Which of the following cannot be detected in a developing foetus by amniocentesis?


A) Sex of the foetus B) D own syndrome
C) Jaundice D) Klinfelter syndrome

Q66. A biologist intends to use a polymerase chain reaction to perform a genetic task. T he biologist
probably is trying to
A) discover new genes. B) clone a gene.
C) cut D NA into many small fragments. D) isolated D NA from a living cell.

Q67. Tetany is caused by ________.


A) hyperparathyroidism B) hypoparathyroidism
C) hyperthyroidism D) hypothyroidism

Q68. Pomato is a somatic hybrid of


A) poppy and potato B) potato and tomato
C) potato and tamarind D) poppy and tomato

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Avanti - NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Q69. Examine the diagrammatic representation of standard Select an option with correct
matching.

A) P-wave - Repolarisation of the atria, QRS complex - Repolarisation of the ventricles, T-wave
- D epolarisation of the atria
B) P-wave - D epolarisation of the atria, QRS complex - D epolarisation of the ventricles, T-wave
- Repolarisation of the ventricles
C) P-wave - Repolarisation of the ventricles, QRS complex - Repolarisation of the atria, T-wave
- D epolarisation of the ventricles
D) P-wave - D epolarisation of the ventricles, QRS complex - D epolarisation of the atria, T-wave
- Repolarisation of the atria

Q70. Select the correct matching of animals, their symmetry, organisation and coelom type.
Animals Symmetry Organisation Coelom T ype
I Ctenophores Radial D iploblastic Pseudocoelomates
II Echinoderms Bilateral T riploblastic Coelomates
III Platyhelminthes Bilateral T riploblastic Acoelomates
IV Annelids Biradial D iploblastic Coelomates

A) I B) II
C) III D) IV

Q71. Which of the following statements regarding coenzymes and prosthetic groups of enzymes is not
true?
A) Both are required for enzyme action.
B) Both can be separated from enzyme by dialysis.
C) Both are organic compounds.
D) Both are not polypeptides.

Q72. In the given figure of the heart which of the marked structures carry oxygenated
blood?

A) B) &
C) & D) &

Q73. T he total number of species, that are known and described, range between ________.
A) - million B) - million
C) \1.7\) - million D) - million

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Avanti - NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Q74. T he extinct human ancestor, who ate only fruits and hunted with stone weapons was
A) Ramapithecus B) Australopithecus
C) Dryopithecus D) Homo erectus.

Q75. Which part of sperm provides energy it to fertilize the egg?


A) Sperm head B) Acrosome
C) Sperm tail D) Middle piece

Q76. Column I contains names of the sphincter muscles of the alimentary canal and Column II contains
their locations. Match them properly and choose the correct answer.
Column I Column II

a. Sphincter of ani i. Opening of heptato-pancreatic duct into


internus duodenum.

b. Cardia sphincter ii. Between duodenum and posterior stomach.

c. Sphincter of Oddi iii. G uarding the terminal part of alimentary canal.

d. Ileocaecal sphincter iv. Between oesophagus and anterior stomach.

e. Pyloric sphincter v. Between small intestine and bowel.

A) a - iii, b - ii, c - iv, d - i, e - v B) a - ii, b - v, c - i, d - iv, e - iii


C) a - iii, b - iv, c - i, d - v, e - ii D) a - iii, b - iii, c - i, d - ii, e - v

Q77. A common biocontrol agent for the control of plant diseases is ______.
A) Agrobacterium B) Bacillus thuringiensis
C) Glomus D) Trichoderma

Q78. Match the column-I with column-II and choose the correct option.
Column-I Column-II

a. EcoRI I. Bacilius amyloliquefaciens

b. BamHI II. Haemophilus infuenza

c. Hind-III III. Escherichia coli

d. pBR322 IV. Artificial plasmid

A) a - III; b - I, c - II; d - IV B) a - II; b - I; c - IV; d - III


C) a - IV; b - I; c - III; d - II D) a - I; b - IV; c - II; d - III

Q79. Which one of the following elements is not remobilized in leaf?


A) Nitrogen B) Phosphorus
C) Potassium D) Calcium

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Avanti - NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Q80. T he given figure shows the graphical representation of


organismic response. Which option gives the correct identification
of three types of organisms (marked ) in response to
abiotic factor?

A) A - Partial regulator, B - Regulator, C - Conformers


B) A -Regulator, B - Conformers, C - Partial regulator
C) A - Conformers, B - Regulator, C - Partial regulator
D) A - regulator, B - Partial regulator, C - Conformers

Q81. Which of the following amino acids has hydroxy methyl group as its group?
A) Serine B) Proline
C) Alanine D) Arginine

Q82. In which of the following processes is directly used?


A) G lycolysis B) Fermentation
C) Electron transport chain D) Oxidative decarboxylation

Q83. Which one of the following is a bacterial biofertilizer?


A) Anabaena B) Nostoc
C) Rhizobium D) Oscillatoria

Q84. Protista differs from monera in having


A) cell wall. B) autotrophic nutrition.
C) flagella. D) nuclear membrane.

Q85. Which of the following changes occur in diaphragm and intercostal muscles when expiration of air
takes place?
A) External intercostal muscles relax and diaphragm contracts.
B) External intercostal muscles contracts and diaphragm relaxes.
C) External intercostal muscles and diaphragm relax.
D) External intercostal muscles and diaphragm contract.

Q86. T he plant having monadelphous stamens and axile placentation is _________.


A) lemon B) pea
C) tomato D) China rose

Q87. Evolutionary convergence is characterized by


A) development of dissimilar characteristics in closely related groups.
B) development of a common set of characteristics in groups of different ancestry.
C) development of characteristics by random mating.
D) replacement of common characteristics in different groups.

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Avanti - NEET Full syllabus Test 5 (Biology) - Set A

Q88. Active transport


A) requires special membrane proteins. B) is highly selective.
C) requires AT P energy. D) all of the above.

Q89. Which of the following is correct?


A) All fungi are filamentous
B) T ransfer of from one bacteria to another bacteria cannot take place
C) Virus cannot have both and
D) Protists reproduce asexually only

Q90. Which of the following is/are not correctly matched?


Between humerus and pectoral girdle.
I. Ball and socket joint

Between carpal and metacarpal


II. Pivot joint

Between atlas and axis


III. Saddle joint

Between the carpals


IV. G liding joint

In flat skull bones.


V. Fibrous joint

A) (II) and (III) B) (I) and (IV)


C) (V) only D) (II) only

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