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Vochysiaceae

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Vochysiaceae

Vochysia herbacea

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Plantae

(unranked): Angiosperms

(unranked): Eudicots

(unranked): Rosids

Order: Myrtales

Family: Vochysiaceae
A.St.-Hil.

Genera

Callisthene
Erisma
Erismadelphus
Korupodendron
Qualea
Ruizterania
Salvertia
Vochysia

Vochysiaceae is a plant family belonging to the order of Myrtales.

Contents
[hide]

1Description
2Biogeography
3Evolutionary history
4Systematics
5References

Description[edit]
Trees or shrubs with opposite leaves; flowers are zygomorph 1-(3)-5 merous; ovary inferior or
superior; one fertile stamen; fruits samara or capsules.

Biogeography[edit]
Six of the eight genera are native to the Neotropics. The
genera Erismadelphus and Korupodendron are native to West and Central Africa.

Evolutionary history[edit]
The family likely originated in South America. Erismadelphus is thought to have diverged
from Erisma approximately 30 million years ago, and traveled to Africa as the result of long-distance
dispersal.

Systematics[edit]
Vochysiaceae are closest to [[Myrtaceae[1]]]. Vochysiaceae consist of 7 genera with 217 species. The
family is classified in two tribes:
Tribe Erismeae : one inferior ovary and winged fruits
Erisma Rudge (20 species)
Erismadelphus Mildbr. (2 species)
Korupodendron Litt & Cheek (1 species)
Tribe Vochysieae: three fused superior ovaries and capsule fruits

Callisthene Mart. (10 species)


Qualea Aubl. (60 species)
Salvertia A.St.-Hil. (1 species)
Ruizterania Marc.-Bert. (19 species)
Vochysia Aubl. (105 species)
The genus Euphronia, previously included in Vochysiaceae, is unrelated and now stands alone in
the family Euphroniaceae, more closely related to the family Chrysobalanaceae.

References[edit]
1. Jump up^ Conti, E., A. Litt, P.G. Wilson, S.A Graham, B.G. Briggs,
L.A.S. Johnson, K.J. Sytsma. 1997. Interfamiliar relationships in
Myrtales: molecular phylogeny and patterns of morphological
evolution. Systematic Botany 22: 629-647
Vochysiaceae A. St-Hil. in Watson, L., and Dallwitz, M.J. The families of flowering plants.

Family of Vochysiaceae link APWebsite. (engl.)


Amy Litt & Dennis W. Stevenson: Floral development and
morphology of Vochysiaceae. I. The structure of the gynoecium in
American Journal of Botany, 90, 2003, S. 1533-1547: Online.
M. L. Kawasaki: Vochysiaceae, S. 480-487 in Klaus Kubitzki: The
Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, Volume 9, Flowering
Plants - Eudicots, Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007, ISBN978-3-
540-32214-6.
F. Carnevale Neto et al.: Vochysiaceae: secondary metabolites,
ethnopharmacology and pharmacological potential, "Phytochemistry
Reviews" (Print), v. 10, p. 413-429, 2011, DOI: 10.1007/s11101-
011-9213-5.

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Categories:
Myrtales families
Vochysiaceae
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This page was last edited on 4 July 2017, at 06:32.
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