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PED Essential Safety Requirements (ESR's)

Drawing No.: Initial Submittal Received Date:

Manufacturer: Review Date:

Design Code/Standard: Final Report Date:

Equipment No./Description: Certificate Issuance Date:

PED PED Essential Safety Requirements (ESR's) Approve / Comment / NA


Provide to user with the document
1.1 Equipment to be designed, manufactured, checked and installed to ensure safety, when put into service in Installation, Operation and Maintenance
accordance with manufacturer's instructions. manual for Pressure Vessel
Provide to user with the document Analysis
1.2 Principals to be used by the manufacturer in assessing appropriate solutions to: of risks due to pressure.
eliminate or reduce hazards; -Yes
apply protection measures against hazards; -Yes
inform user of residual hazards. -NA
1.3 Equipment to be designed to prevent danger from misuse or adequate warning given that the equipment must not
be misuse.
2.1 Equipment to be designed to ensure safety throughout intended life and to incorporate appropriate safety
Equipment to be designed for loadings appropriate to its intended use: The following field must be confirmed

internal/external pressure; -Yes

ambient and operational temperatures; -Yes
static pressure and mass of contents in operating and test conditions; -Yes
traffic, wind earthquake loading; -Yes (traffic item NA)
reaction forces and moments which result from the supports, attachments, piping, etc.: -Yes
corrosion and erosion, fatigue, etc.; -Yes

decomposition of unstable fluids. -Yes
2.2.2 Equipment to be designed for adequate strength based on calculation method and to be supplemented, if
necessary, by experimental methods.
2.2.3(a) Allowable stresses to be limited with regard to foreseeable failure modes; safety factors to be applied.
2.2.3(a) Requirements to be met by applying one of the following methods:
design by formula; -Yes
design by analysis; - Yes
design by fracture mechanics. -NA

2.2.3(b) Design calculations to establish the resistance of equipment, in particular: The following fields must be confirmed
calculation pressure to take account of maximum allowable pressure, static head, dynamic fluid forces -Yes
and decomposition of unstable fluids:
calculation temperature to allow appropriate safety margin; -Yes
account to be taken of combinations of temperature and pressure; -Yes
maximum stresses and peak stresses to be within safe limits; -Yes
calculations to utilize values appropriate to material properties and be based on documented data and
have appropriate safety factors;
use of joint factors;
design for creep temperatures; -Yes
design for fatigue life cycles; -Yes
design corrosion allowance; -Yes
to take account of foreseeable degradation mechanisms and attention to be drawn in instructions to
features which are relevant to the life of equipment.
2.2.3(c) Calculations to allow for adequate structural stability during transport and handling.
2.2.4 Experimental design method. Design to be validated by appropriate test programme on representative sample of
equipment. Test programme to include pressure strength test to check equipment does not exhibit leaks or
deformation, exceeding determined threshold.
The following fields must be confirmed
2.3 Provisions to insure safe handling and operation. Methods to be specified for operation of equipment to preclude below:
any foreseeable risk with attention being paid to:
closures and openings; -Yes
discharge of pressure relief blow-off; -Yes
access while pressure or vacuum exist; -NA(no human access)
surface temperature; -Yes
decomposition of unstable fluids; -Yes
access doors equipped with devices to prevent hazard from pressure -NA(no human access)
2.4 Means of examination: -Yes
to be designed and constructed so that examinations can be carried out; -Yes

able to determine internal conditions; -NA
alternative means of ensuring safe condition.
2.5 Means to provide for draining and venting, where necessary: -yes
to avoid water hammer, vacuum collapse, corrosion and chemical reactions; -yes
to permit cleaning, inspection and maintenance.
2.6 Adequate allowance or protection to be provided against corrosion.
2.7 Adequate measures to be taken against effects of erosion or abrasion by design, replacement parts and
2.8 Assemblies to be designed so that:
components to be assembled are suitable and reliable for their duty;
components are properly integrated and assembled.
2.9 Assemblies to be provided with accessories, or provision made for their fitting, to ensure safe filling or discharge
with respect to hazards:
on filling, by overfilling or over pressurization and instability;
on discharge, by uncontrolled release of fluid;
on unsafe connection or disconnection.
2.10 Protection against exceeding the allowable limits. Equipment to be fitted with, or provisions made for, suitable Yes
protective devices, which are determined on the basis of characteristics of equipment.
2.11.1 Safety accessories to be designed and constructed to be reliable and suitable for intended duty, including
maintenance; to be independent or unaffected by other functions.
The equipment is designed for a
2.11.2 Pressure limiting devices to be designed so that pressure will not be exceed, except for short duration pressure pressure,which is higher or equal to the
surges of 1.1 times design pressure. setting of the safety valve for the compressor
2.11.3 Temperature monitoring devices to have adequate response time on safety grounds.
The equipment is equipped with a safety
2.12 External fire. Pressure equipment to be designed and fitted with accessories to meet damage limitation valve with a capacity calculated according to
requirements. EN 13136 art.6.2.1. and set at a pressure
below or equal to the max. allowable
3.1.1 Preparation of component parts not to give rise to defects or cracks or changes in mechanical characteristics
likely to affect safety.
3.1.2 Permanent joints and adjacent zones:
to be free from surface and internal defects detrimental to safety; -Yes
properties to meet minimum specified for materials to be joined or taken into account in design -Yes

permanent joining to be carried out by suitably qualified personnel according to suitable -Yes
procedures; -Yes
personnel and procedures to be approved by third party for Category II, III and IV equipment.
Yes(the personnel have approved by BINDT)
3.1.3 Non-destructive tests of permanent joints to be carried out by suitably qualified .
Personnel to be approved by third party for Category II, III, and IV equipment.
3.1.4 Suitable heat treatment to be applied at appropriate stage of manufacture.
3.1.5 Traceability. Materials making up component parts to be identified by suitable means from receipt, through
production, up to final test.
3.2.1 Final inspection to be carried out to access visually, and by examination of documentation, compliance with the Yes
requirements of the Directive. -Yes
Tests during manufacture to be taken into account. -Yes
Inspection as far as possible to be carried out internally and externally on every part.
3.2.2 Hydrostatic pressure tested to a pressure at least equal to value laid down in ESR 7.4. -NA
Category I series equipment may be tested on a statistical basis. -NA
Other tests, of equivalent validity, may be carried out where hydrostatic is harmful or impractical.
3.2.3 For assemblies, the safety devices to be checked to confirm compliance with ESR 2.10.
3.3 Marking. In addition to CE marking, all relevant information to be provided, as listed in ESR 3.3
3.4 Operating instructions. All relevant instructions to be provided for the user, as listed in ESR 3.4

4.1(a) Materials to have appropriate properties for all operating and test conditions, to be sufficiently ductile and tough
(refer to ESR 7.5)
4.1(b) Materials to be chemically resistant to contained fluids. -Yes
Properties not to be significantly affected within scheduled lifetime of equipment.
4.1(c) Materials not to be significantly affected by ageing.
4.1(d) Material to be suitable for intended processing (manufacturing) procedures.
4.1(e) Materials to avoid undesirable effects when joining.
4.2(a) Manufacturer to define material values necessary for design and for requirements of ESR 4.1.
4.2(b) Manufacturer to provide technical documentation relating to compliance with material specifications of PED in one

of the following forms: -NA
by using materials which comply with harmonized standards; -NA
by using materials covered by European approval with Article 11 of PED; -Yes
by a particular material appraisal.

4.2(c) For equipment in PED Categories III or IV, the particular material appraisal to be performed by notified body in
charge of conformity assessment.
4.3 Manufacturer to take appropriate measures to ensure: Yes
materials conform to specification ; -Yes
documentation by material manufacturer affirms compliance with a specification; -Yes
documentation for main pressure parts in PED Categories II, III or IV to be a certificate of specific -Yes
product control.
5(a) Means of protection to be provided to restrict operating parameters to avoid risk of local or general over heating.
5(b) Sampling points to be provided for evaluation of properties of the fluid to avoid risks from deposits and/or
5(c) Adequate provisions to be made to eliminate risk of damage from deposits.
5(d) Means to be provided for safe removal of residual heat after shutdown.
5(e) Steps to be taken to avoid dangerous accumulation of combustible substances and air, or flame blow back.


Design and construction of piping system must ensure: NA

6(a) that the risk of overstressing from inadmissible free movement or excessive forces being produced, e.g. on NA
flanges, connections, bellows or hoses, is adequately controlled by means such as support, constraint, anchoring,
alignment and pre-tension;
6(b) that where there is a possibility of condensation occurring inside pipes for gaseous fluids, means are provided for NA
drainage and removal of deposits from low areas to avoid damage from water hammer or corrosion;
6(c) that due consideration is given to the potential damage from turbulence and formation of vortices; the relevant NA
parts of 2.7 are applicable;
6(d) that due consideration is given to the risk of fatigue due to vibrations in pipes; NA

6(e) that, where fluids of Group 1 are contained in the piping, appropriate means are provided to isolate 'take-off` NA
pipes the size of which represents a significant risk;
6(f) that the risk of inadvertent discharge is minimized; the take-off points must be clearly marked on the permanent NA
side, indicating the fluid contained;
6(g) that the position and route of underground piping is at least recorded in the technical documentation to facilitate NA
safe maintenance, inspection or repair.
138Mpa(SA516-Gr70) at 150
7.1 Allowable stresses.
7.2 Joint coefficients.
7.3 Pressure limiting devices. The momentary pressure surge to be kept to 10% of design pressure.

7.4 Hydrostatic test pressure to be not less than greater of: The hydrostatic test pressure is design
maximum loading to which equipment may be subjected to in service, taking into account design pressure multiplied by 1.43
pressure and design temperature, multiplied by 1,25; or
design pressure multiplied by 1.43.
7.5 Material characteristics. Unless other values are required in accordance with other criteria to be taken into -Min specified l elongation 17%
account, a steel is considered sufficiently ductile to satisfy 4.1(a) if in tensile test carried out by a standard -20J at -46
procedure the following are met:
elongation after rupture is not less than 14%;
bending rupture energy measured on an ISO V test piece not less than 27 J at a temperature not
greater than 20 C, but no higher than the lowest scheduled operating temperature .

Special Decision (Authority), Nonconforming Items or other References (Justification):

Reviewer's Printed Name and Signature:

Supervisor's Signature and Date: