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Aim and Objective in Chemistry Syllabus

The aims of the chemistry curriculum for secondary school are to provide students
with the knowledge and skills in chemistry and technology and enable them to solve
problems and make decisions in every day life based on scientific attitude and noble
values.

Students who have followed the chemistry curriculum will have a basic
foundation in chemistry to enable them to pursue formal and informal futher education in
science and technology.

The curriculum also aims to develop a dynamic and progressive society with a
science and technology culture that values nature and works towards the prevention and
conservation of the environment.

Objectives in Chemistry Learning:

The curriculum for secondary school enables students to:

1. Acquire knowledge in chemistry and technology in the context of natural


phenomena and everyday life experiences.

2. Understand developments in the field of chemistry and technology.

3. Acquire scientific and thinking skills.

4. Apply knowledge and skills in a creative and critical manner to solve problems
and make decisions.

5. Face challenges in the scientific and technological world and be willing to


contribute towards the development of science and technology.

6. Evaluate science and technology related information wisely and effectively.

7. Practise and internalize scientific attitudes and good moral values.

8. Appreciate the contributions of science and technology towards national


development and the well-being of mankind.

9. Realize the scientific discoveries are the result of human endeavour to the best of
his or her intellectual and mental capabilities to understand natural phenomena for
the betterment of mankind.

10. Be aware of the need to love and care for the environment and play an active role
in its preservation.
The Theme in Chemistry Syllabus:

• Introducing chemistry
• Matter around us
• Interaction between chemicals
• Production and management of manufactured chemicals

The scientific skills:

• Observing
• Classifying
• Measuring and using numbers
• Inferring
• Predicting
• Communicating
• Using space-time relationship
• Interpreting data
• Defining operationally
• Controlling variables
• Hypothesising
• Experimenting
• Manipulative skills

5 approaches in teaching and learning chemistry:

Inquiry-Discovery

Students learn through experience, meaning that they gain the knowledge by
themselves by questioning or investigation. Teachers are just as a guidance to lead the
students to understand the science concepts.

Constructivism

Students learn something when they construct their own understanding. It is


depends on the:

a. Students’ prior knowledge


b. Students own effort to gain the understanding
c. Learning occur when students restructure their existing ideas by relating new
ideas with the old ones
d. There are opportunities to cooperate, share ideas and experience, and reflecting on
their learning
Contextual learning

It is an approach that associates learning with daily experience. Students learn


through investigation as in the inquiry-discovery approach.

Mastery learning

It is an approach that ensures all students are able to acquire and master the
intended learning objectives. If the students are given enough opportunities and allowed
to learn at their own pace they are able to master the knowledge.

Science, Technology and Society

Meaningful learning can occur if the students can relate their learning with daily
lives experience.

Topics in Chemistry textbook:

Introduction to chemistry
The structure of the atom
Chemical formulae and equations
Periodic table of elements
Chemical bonds
Electrochemistry
Acidic and bases
Salts
Manufactured substances in industry
ni Cuma utk form 4 jer tlg tmbahkn utk yg form 5…

Different between Learning Objectives and Learning Outcome


For Chapter 8: Salts, from chemistry textbook form 4

There are three learning objectives in this topic, which are, synthesise salts,
synthesise qualitative analysis of salts, and practise to be systematic and meticulous when
carrying out activities. Actually, the learning objectives should be able to achieve when
this chapter is finished. It means that, students should achieve the learning objectives
after they learn the whole sub chapter of this chapter.

The learning outcome is the objectives for the sub chapter. Every sub chapter has
their own learning outcome which means that every student should be able to achieve the
learning outcome after they learn the subchapter. The learning outcome is more specific
than the learning objectives. Meaning that, they know what they should know for every
subs chapter that they are learning.