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DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING
UNIVERSITY OF RUHUNA

PROPOSE A PARKING MANAGEMENT


SOLUTION WITH A MULTI STORY COMPLEX
FOR TEACHING HOSPITAL KARAPITIYA,
GALLE

CE7402 COMPREHENSIVE DESIGN


PROJECT

PROPOSAL REPORT

26th of May 2017

Group No. 09
PROPOSE A PARKING MANAGEMENT SOLUTION
WITH A MULTI STORY COMPLEX FOR TEACHING
HOSPITAL KARAPITIYA, GALLE

Arunapriya L.W.P.U. (EG/2013/2140)


De Silva D.K.U. (EG/2013/2163)
Hulangamuwa R.R.V.G.B.C.R.B. (EG/2013/2207)
Namasinghe S.K. (EG/2013/2271)
Samson P.L.S.V. (EG/2013/2306)
Tharaniya J. (EG/2013/2321)

Principal Supervisor:

Mr.M.K.K.D.Wimalasena.

Second Supervisors:

Dr. J.M.R.S. Appuhamy

Third Supervisors:

Dr. T.M. Rengarasu


Dr. W.M.K.R.T.W.Bandara

Examination committee:

Dr. W.M.K.R.T.W.Bandara
Dr. G.S.Y. De Silva
Dr. T.N.Wickramaarachchi
Dr. T.M. Rengarasu
Dr. K.S.Wanniarachchi
Dr. Chaminda Tushara
Dr. Vidura Vithana
Dr. B.M.L.A. Basnayake
Ms. S.N.Malkanthi.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Comprehensive Design Project is a compulsory module offered by Faculty of


Engineering, University of Ruhuna which helps undergraduate to familiar with dealing a
whole project and to improve knowledge and skills regarding communication and
management. As undergraduates we would like to offer our sincere gratitude to all who
contribute in designing this module. This is a valuable opportunity for us to get a sound
knowledge and experience in working as a team. Initially we would like to express our
sincere gratitude towards our principal supervisor Mr. Kasun Wimalasena for his
excellence guidance towards the success of this project and for his encouraging words to
try new innovative ideas in designing. Next we would like to express our co-supervisors
Dr. Terrence Rengarasu, Dr. Wasala Bandara and Dr. Ruwan Appuhamy for the proper
guidance towards the target and for the assistance in dealing with clients.

We also would like to express our thanks to Dr. Muditha Amarasinghe and Dr. Susantha,
Deputy Directors of Teaching Hospital Karapitya for the cooperation they gave to
succeed the effort we took. We also express our gratitude to Mr. Ranjith, Technical
officer, Teaching Hospital, Karapitiya for his support and help he did while collecting
information.

We would like to acknowledge the evaluation committee for guiding us in the correct
path towards our ultimate goal.

Last but not least we wish to offer our special thanks to our parents and friends who
provide a great support and cooperation towards the success of this project.

Arunapriya L.W.P.U. (EG/2013/2140)


De Silva D.K.U. (EG/2013/2163)
Hulangamuwa R.R.V.G.B.C.R.B. (EG/2013/2207)
Namasinghe S.K. (EG/2013/2271)
Samson P.L.S.V. (EG/2013/2306)
Tharaniya J. (EG/2013/2321)

Department of Civil and Environment Engineering,

Faculty of Engineering, University of Ruhuna.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 01 ................................................................................................................... 8

1. PROBLEM DEFINITION ........................................................................................ 8

1.1. PROBLEM SCOPE ............................................................................................ 8

1.1.1. Background ................................................................................................. 8

1.1.2. Aims and Objectives of the Project ........... Error! Bookmark not defined.

1.2. TECHNIAL REVIEW ..................................................................................... 12

1.2.1. Provision of Parking Spaces ..................................................................... 12

1.2.2. Minimum Dimensions of Clearway Ramps and Access Ways ................. 13

1.2.3. Minimum Headroom ................................................................................. 15

1.2.4. Demarcation of Parking Stalls and providing Sign Boards ...................... 15

1.2.5. Provide Adequate Sight Distance.............................................................. 15

1.3. DESIGN REQUIREMENT .............................................................................. 16

1.4. FEASIBILITY STUDY ................................................................................... 17

1.4.1. Legal feasibility......................................................................................... 17

1.4.2. Environmental feasibility .......................................................................... 17

1.4.3. Social feasibility ........................................................................................ 18

1.4.4. Financial feasibility ................................................................................... 18

1.4.5. Technical feasibility .................................................................................. 19

CHAPTER 2 ................................................................................................................... 20

2. CONCEPTUAL DESIGN DESCRIPTION ............................................................ 20

2.1. INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................ 20

2.2. INVESTIGATION OF EXISTING PARKING AREAS AND PROPOSING


AREA .......................................................................................................................... 21

2.3. SURVEYING WORK ...................................................................................... 21

2.4. SOIL INVESTIGATION ................................................................................. 22

2.5. BUILDING DESIGN ....................................................................................... 22

2.5.1. Floor Plans ................................................................................................ 24


2.5.2. Sections ..................................................................................................... 27

2.5.3. Proposed Apartment Floor Plan ................................................................ 28

2.6. DRAINAGE DESIGN ..................................................................................... 28

2.7. RAIN WATER HAVESTING SYSTEM DESIGN ......................................... 29

WORK SCHEDULE ....................................................................................................... 30

APPENDIX A ................................................................................................................. 32
LIST OF TABLES

Table 1.1: Composition of the Hospital Staff ................................................................... 8


Table 1.2: Minimum dimensions of clearway ramps and access ways........................... 14
LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1.1: Location of Existing Parking .......................................................................... 9


Figure 1.2: Parking Location A....................................................................................... 10
Figure 1.3: Parking Location B ....................................................................................... 10
Figure 1.4: Parking Location C ....................................................................................... 10
Figure 1.5: Parking at Roads ........................................................................................... 11
Figure 1.6: Improper Parking of Ambulances................................................................. 11
Figure 1.7: Minimum dimensions of car parking stalls .................................................. 13
Figure 1.8: Proposed parking layout of the buildingt ..................................................... 13
Figure 1.9: Example of clearway ramp and access ways ................................................ 14
Figure 1.10: Transition at the start and end of the ramp ................................................. 14
Figure 1.11: Providing proper sight distance .................................................................. 15
Figure 1.12: Bubble Diagram of Proposed Apartment ................................................... 16
Figure 2.1: Steps Followed in Identifying the Problem .................................................. 20
Figure 2.2: Proposed Land Area ..................................................................................... 21
Figure 2.3: Process of Building Design .......................................................................... 23
Figure 2.4: Conceptual Design Front View of the 3D Model ......................................... 24
Figure 2.5: Conceptual Design Side View of the 3D Model. ......................................... 24
Figure 2.6 : Ground Floor ............................................................................................... 25
Figure 2.7 : Parking Story General Plan ......................................................................... 25
Figure 2.8: Apartment Story General Plan ...................................................................... 26
Figure 2.9 : Top Floor Plan ............................................................................................. 26
Figure 2.10 : Section A-A ............................................................................................... 27
Figure 2.11 : Section B-B ............................................................................................... 27
Figure 2.12: Doctor's Apartment ..................................................................................... 28
Figure 2.13: Proposed Rainwater Harvesting System..................................................... 29
CHAPTER 01
1. PROBLEM DEFINITION
1.1. PROBLEM SCOPE

1.1.1. Background

Karapitiya Teaching Hospital which is located in Galle district can be considered as the
largest tertiary care centre in the Southern Province of Sri Lanka. More than 10,000
patients daily come to take treatments from out patients department (OPD) and more than
700 doctors work around the clock to serve patients. But lack of parking facility within
the hospital premises has been an over burden for hospital administration for many years.
Future developmental activities proposed within the hospital area has made this problem
more crucial. Therefore, designing parking complex for Karapitiya Hospital can be
considered as an hourly need to keep its service to the community at best.

It has counted that average number of xxxx vehicles have entered to the hospital premises
in a day. Among them majority are staff members of the hospital. Hospital administration
do not allow public to park their vehicles inside the hospital premises. At present there
are total 3049 people work at the hospital. And also nearly 900 vacancies available in the
staff for this year. Therefore, demand for parking is increasing day by day. Table 1.1
shows the composition of staff members Karapitiya Teaching Hospital.

Table 1.1: Composition of the Hospital Staff

Type No. of members


Consultants 122
Doctors 603
Nurses 1216
Miner staff 1108

Out of total staff members nearly 1200 persons use their own vehicle. Due to lack of space
for parking most of them are reluctant to come to the hospital by using their own vehicles.
It has 26 number of vehicles under administration. Among them 10 are ambulances. But
only five ambulances can be parked at the ambulance parking. Others are parked in front
of the main building of the hospital.
1.1.1.1. Existing Parking Places `
Currently hospital administration has allocated three land areas for parking purposes
within the hospital premises. They are only allowed for the usage of staff members of the
hospital. There are small areas which have few number of parking capacities but these
type of parking has led to create unwanted traffic within the hospital. Location of three
main parking areas are shown in figure 1.1

Figure 1.1: Location of existing parking

Average capacities of each parking areas are as follows.

Table 1. 1 : Available parking capacities

Location Capacity
A 25
B 35
C 60

Only 120 vehicles have the capacity to park in all three areas. Hospital administration has
proposed two new buildings to build in location A & C. Therefore, location A and C will
not be available as parking areas in near future. Therefore it will be a huge problem to
find place a for parking in Karapitiya Hospital.
Figure 1.2: Parking Location A

Figure 1.3: Parking Location B

Figure 1.4: Parking Location C

1.1.1.1. Problems Related to Lack of Parking Facilities


Travelling of the roads in hospital premises is affected due to the improper parking at
edge of roads. When there is no spaces available in parking areas, people have used to
park their vehicles at road itself. It is important to have a good transportation plan within
hospital. Serious patients from all over the southern province hospitals are transmitted to
Karapitiya Hospital. Therefore, access to hospital is very critical. Normally a big crowd
is entered to the hospital during visitors time. Most of the time people have to face many
difficulties due to parking at roads.
Figure 1.5: Parking at roads

Valuable time of doctors are wasted due to parking problem. While finding suitable
locations for parking and due to traffic congestions time waste can be taken place. Time
management of a hospital is an essential factor to have an efficient service. Sometimes a
small delay will be a reason to lose a life of a patient.

Staff of hospital should have a pleasant mentality to do their job. Because they have the
responsibility of some other persons lives. Traffic problems can be a reason to make them
less comfortable and to have free mind to treat patients.

Due to improper parking ambulances will not be able use in an efficient way.

Figure 1.6: Improper parking of ambulances


1.1.2. Aim of the project

Providing a parking management solution for Karapitiya Teaching Hospital Galle is the
aim of this project

1.1.3. Objectives of the project

Selecting a suitable location through Site investigation and surveying, identifying soil
parameters and designing of a multi story parking complex for teaching hospital
Karapitiya, Galle with residential apartments and necessary infra-structure facilities.

1.2. TECHNIAL REVIEW

Karapitiya Teaching Hospital can be considered as one of the busiest places in Galle area.
As mentioned earlier, it is suffering from the lack of spaces for the parking. Most of the
buildings inside the hospital premises are design long time ago so that providing parking
facility within the own building for newly generated demand has not included and this
has become the major root to accelerate the parking problem.

This chapter mainly discuss about technical details which has considered during the
conceptual design of the project. The proposed multi story parking complex will consist
of 5 storeys where first three floors including ground floor will dedicate to provide
parking facilities and to have multi-purpose function next two floors will design to
establish residential apartments. In order to have comfortable parking facility for
Karapitiya Teaching Hospital staff, local and foreign design guidelines available for
parking complex designs have reviewed to ensure that the design is up to standard and all
the specifications referred are listed in the last chapter of this report.

1.2.1. Provision of Parking Spaces


A Parking Stall refers to a space for parking of one motorcar. Minimum parking layout
dimensions to be maintained for one parking stall according to Singapore Land Transport
Authority standard guideline is shown below.

Stall width : 2400mm


Stall length : 4800mm
Stall length for parallel parking : 5400mm
The area of each stall should be flat and free from kerbs and other encumbrances.

Figure 1.7: Minimum dimensions of car parking stalls

900 parking facility having bays on both side with two-way traffic flow will be designed
for every floor as shown in figure 1.8 and minimum width of parking aisle of 6600 mm
will be maintained according to Singapore Land Transport Authority standard.

Figure 1.8: Proposed parking layout of the building

1.2.2. Minimum Dimensions of Clearway Ramps and Access Ways


Ramp system of the parking complex will be designed as a multi-lane facility and Width
of straight clearway ramp and access way, Width of inside lane of curved clearway ramp
and access way, Width of outside lane of curved clearway ramp and access way and Inside
radius of curved clearway ramp and access way will be maintained as shown in table 1.2
Table 1.2: Minimum dimensions of clearway ramps and access ways

Width of straight clearway ramp and


3000mm per lane
access way
Width of inside lane of curved clearway
3600mm per lane
ramp and access way
Width of outside lane of curved clearway
3300mm per lane
ramp and access way
Inside radius of curved clearway ramp and
4500mm
access way

Figure 1.9: Example of clearway ramp and access ways


Where a curve ramp/driveway meets a straight ramp/driveway, the joint will be extended
beyond the tangent point of the curve. Adequate transition of ramp grades at floor levels
will be provided. This will be satisfactorily achieved by the provision of a straight slope
3.0 m to 3.6 m long at half the grade of the ramps as shown in figure

Figure 1.10: Transition at the start and end of the ramp


1.2.3. Minimum Headroom
The minimum headroom or height clearance from floor level to the underside of any
projections including beams, direction signs, sprinkler heads, electrical fittings of
2200mm will be maintained and average height of 3200 mm will be kept between parking
levels.

1.2.4. Demarcation of Parking Stalls and providing Sign Boards


Parking stalls will be clearly demarcated within the parking place. The demarcation lines
guide drivers in centralizing their parked vehicle. Adequate sign boards and road
markings will be provided to guide motorists moving in the parking place. Direction of
travel information will provide at the entrances and throughout the parking facility. The
use of signs can aid in providing information. Vehicle flow directional arrows, markings
on the floor surfaces and walls and columns. Height clearance signs will be noticed to
inform drivers of the presence of height restrictions in the parking facility.

1.2.5. Provide Adequate Sight Distance


In the vicinity of driveways, adequate stopping sight distance will be providing and
adequate sight distances such as clear sight distance triangles or splay corners for
exiting driveways will establish in order to allow sufficient line of sight for motorists to
see approaching vehicles. No sign, wall or other obstruction will erect within these clear
sight distance triangles. Convex mirrors will use where possible and alternative safety
measures will take appropriately to avoid sharp building edges, dead ends and blind spot
areas of the building.

Figure 1.11: Providing proper sight distance


1.3. DESIGN REQUIREMENT

As mentioned earlier proposed multi story parking complex consist of 5 floors of parking
slots including the ground floor and 2 floors of residential apartments. When considering
the floors allocated for parking the ground floor is allocated to park ambulance, three
wheelers, motor bikes and cycles. Other 4 floors of parking are allocated for the cars and
vehicles of doctors, nurses, administrative staffs and minor staffs. Proposed dimensions
of the floor is 50m length and 38m width by leaving spaces front and rear abiding the
building regulations. Target parking capacity of one floor is 65 vehicles so that it will
have the capacity to park . Vehicles altogether.

For entrance and exit, a ramp is provided which have two lanes in different directions and
for the mobility within the building both stairs and lift are proposed.

There are two floors for residential apartments each consist of 8 housing units with the
floor area of about 120m2. The bubble diagram of the porposed housing unit is given
below.

Bathroom

Kitchen

Bed room 1 Master


bedroom

Bed room 2
Living area

Dining area
Bathroom

Main Entrance

Figure 1.12: Bubble diagram of proposed apartment


For entrance and exit residents will have a separate lift. There is some common area
proposed for the privacy of the residents.

1.4. FEASIBILITY STUDY

Feasibility study should be performed in the very early stage of the project. As this is a
major construction activity where hospital environment is affected, the need of a
feasibility study is a must.

Objectives of feasibility study are,

To identify the best available options


To identify the associated risk for the proposed options
To ensure the viability of the options

For this feasibility study is carried out in several sectors such as environmental feasibility,
economical feasibility, social feasibility and legal feasibility.

Main purpose of feasibility study is to analyze the collected information by the studies
done in above sectors and to evaluate the practical attainability of the project.

1.4.1. Legal feasibility


From this we can determine whether the proposed project is abide with currently enforced
design rules and regulations and to ensure the legal requirements are fulfilled or not. Here
Galle area is also declared as an urban area from the act no 41 of 1978 approval from
Urban Development Authority (UDA) is essential for the project to be viable.

UDA has provided their legal implements to land and building development by relevant
acts and they are listed below.

1990 Town and Country Planning Act


2007 CDM Regulations
1980 Building Act
2008 Planning Act

So these regulations are need to be abide and all the documents required should be
submitted to the municipal council.

1.4.2. Environmental feasibility


As this project is going to influence the hospital environment by providing parking for
the vehicles of the staffs and ambulance and also it is proposed to have apartment on the
top the feasible study related to residential and the parking need to be done here. Also the
environment around the proposed project is influence in the human and environmental
health factors the impacts will arise during the constructional phase, operational phase
and post operational phase should be evaluated.

The existing land areas are almost fully covered with vegetation. So the suggestions
should cause minimum damage to the vegetation around. Consideration should be taken
to nearby soil and the environment and the topography of the area is to remain possibly
same after the construction. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report will be
prepared on the above aspects.

1.4.3. Social feasibility


Social feasibility study is need to be done for the sake of the human life around the
proposed location. The relevant social interests, characteristics, requirements and the
influences by the society should be identified when developing a multi storey parking
complex. The net impact of the development should be beneficial for all the societies
around the particular area. As Karapitiya is a congested area as the teaching hospital is a
significant hospital in the island with a medical faculty around so the multi storey parking
complex will be beneficial for some extent.

Though this parking complex is planned to accommodate only hospital staffs the
willingness of the client to have the parking complex in the proposed location is almost
high.

1.4.4. Financial feasibility


Financial feasibility should be done to ensure whether the proposed project will be
financially feasible or if it not it will help to encounter the short comings which may
occur. This study will be able to meet the financial burden that may occur in the progress
of the project. This feasibility study should be done under several aspects. They are,

Means of financing
Profitability
Investment outlay and project cost
Cash flow of the project.

As this project is under the Health ministry and the need for the parking is a real problem
prevailing for quite a long period and the traffic congestion occur frequently delay the
access of the patients and doctors to the needed locations this proposal will be a better
solution. It is stated that the budget of the proposal can be approved that if the budget can
be justified and the benefits are more than the impacts and the problems now prevailing.
So the feasibility study will be done related to these aspects.

1.4.5. Technical feasibility


Analyzing about the details of the product and the services to be delivered such as
material, labour, space, transportation and the equipment needed is the technical
feasibility study. As the proposal is also having a floor of offices and residential
apartments there is no need for specified technology. But the need for the technology for
the multi storey parking complex will be vary with innovative ideas so the new
technologies will be added. For this the technical feasibility will be carried out.

The labour and the material needed will be found easily as there are several constructional
works undergoing in that area and even in the hospital premises and the time this project
starts its easy to find them. The access or transportation is not a big issue as the client is
the Teaching Hospital, Karapitiya which is the main hospital complex for Galle district.
CHAPTER 2
2. CONCEPTUAL DESIGN DESCRIPTION
2.1. INTRODUCTION

Main objective of this project is to provide a solution for the parking facility issue
developed in the Karapitiya Teaching Hospital premises. Building which provide only
parking facilities will not be attractive so that residential apartments have included to
provide multi-purpose functions. To integrate all these things initial designs are made
conceptually. As the client request parking capacity is allocated focusing on the hospital
staff only. So these conceptual designs should satisfy parking demand of hospital
officials, public officials, all the hospital staff and neighbors as well.

This chapter describes how proposed solution is carried out throughout the project period
and meet their performance requirements. Figure 2.1 shows the conceptual design
requirements and steps of design work.

Investigation of Existing Parking Areas and


Proposing Area

Surveying Work

Investigation of soil

Design work

Drainage System Rain Water


Building design
Design Harvesting System

Figure 2.1: Steps followed in identifying the problem


2.2. INVESTIGATION OF EXISTING PARKING AREAS AND PROPOSING
AREA

Existing parking areas are identified and investigated to estimate the problem at the initial
stage. Figure 1.1 indicates identified existing parking areas within hospital premises.

Requirement of the parking capacity is finalized with the client after doing a demand
analyzing for the staff strength of the hospital. For the location selection the master plan
of the Karapitiya Hospital was observed and a site visit was conducted with the hospital
official administrative team. After analyzing the accessibility, available area, clients
requirement and other surrounding features we identified an available land area for the
proposed car parking building which is highlighted in the Figure 2.2. This land area
consists with 8 doctors quarters and those quarters are expected to be located on the top
of the parking facility.

Existing drainage condition and sloping direction of the ground will be observed to
develop the upgraded drainage system. A method to dispose the collected waste water
will also be determined by observing the surrounding features.

Figure 2.2: Proposed land area


2.3. SURVEYING WORK

Surveying work is carried out covering proposed area to identify the available land area
for the design of building dimensions, to identify the ground profile analyzing for the land
preparation requirement and drainage system design and to locate existing features which
are effecting for demolition work and cat and filling work. Survey map (Figure A.2) and
contour map (Figure A.1) was drawn and locations of the buildings and existing road
network were determined accordingly.

For the road network design in the parking area, survey map and the contour map is going
to use to locate most acceptable and suitable road network.

2.4. SOIL INVESTIGATION

Soil is the main effecting parameter in foundation type selection and foundation design.
To decide maximum allowable loads, the soil type and soil parameters are highly
effecting.

Under soil investigation, geological and geotechnical situation and feasibility of the
surface and subsurface condition of the soil will be identified. If soil doesnt have
sufficient strength suitable remedial measures will be applied to improve the soil
condition.

It is proposed to dig 3 trial pits for soil investigation and the average parameter values are
taken for the design work. To determine the geology and the water table of the site it is
proposed to excavate the ground in order to study or sample the composition and the
structure of the subsurface. Collected soil samples will be tested for shear and
compressibility of the soil will be determined. The foundation type will be determined
accordingly.

2.5. BUILDING DESIGN

For the building design two major compound are considered; Parking stories and
apartment stories. For analyzing those two compounds following steps are expecting to
conduct accordingly. The steps that should follow in developing the final design for
buildings are shown in Figure 2.3

Architectural view of the building and performance of the building is developed by


considering following factors.

Client requirements
Standard dimensions
Aesthetic appearance
Green concept
Site Analysis

Preliminary Sketch Design

Architectural Design

Structural Design

Final Design

Figure 2.3: Process of building design

For each floor the design requirements are mentioned in the section 1.3 and each referred
standard were mentioned in the section 1.2

Natural ventilation system is used for the parking stories and a ventilation system with
A/C is designed for the apartment stories.

The architectural views of the proposed multi story parking complex is shown in
following figures.
2.5.1. Floor Plans

Figure 2.4: Conceptual design front view of the 3D model

Figure 2.5: Conceptual design side view of the 3D model.


Figure 2.6 : Ground floor

Figure 2.7 : Parking story general plan


Figure 2.8: Apartment story general plan

Figure 2.9 : Top floor plan


2.5.2. Sections

Figure 2.10 : Section A-A

Figure 2.11 : Section B-B


2.5.3. Proposed Apartment Floor Plan
The architectural views of the proposed Doctors quarters are shown in figure 2.12

Figure 2.12: Doctor's apartment

2.6. DRAINAGE DESIGN

By considering following facts a drainage system is going to be designed for the proposed
building area.

Space availability
Existing slop of the area
Disposal of waste water
Rainfall

The location, sloping direction and the path of the drainage system is decided using the
contour map drawn with the details of survey. As the public drainage system is located
near to the proposed land the ability of use of that system will also be considered.
2.7. RAIN WATER HAVESTING SYSTEM DESIGN

Figure 2.13: Proposed rainwater harvesting system


Rainwater harvesting is a technique used for collecting, storing and using rainwater for
landscape and other uses. By considering sustainable building designing concept, the rain
water harvesting is one of commonly used practicable technique. In this project the main
rain water collecting process is connecting gutter lines to a storage tank. Figure 2.13
shows the conceptual design of the rain water harvesting tank.
APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST SEPTEMBER OCTOBER Novemver

ACTIVITY

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Project Duration

Feasibility Study

Client Meeting

Architectural Design

Topographical Survey

Soil Investigation
WORK SCHEDULE

Structural Design of Building

Drainage Design

Final Report Preparation


REFERENCES
'Code of Practice on Vehicle Parking Provision in Development Proposals',Land
Transport Authority, 2011 edition,Singapore.

HOUSING AND TOWN IMPROVEMENT ORDINANCE


APPENDIX A

Figure A. 1: Contour Map of Proposed Area


Figure A. 2: Detail Map of Proposed Area