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CIVIL ENGINEERING

Curriculum Sri Lanka Institute of Advanced Technological Education SLIATE


Ministry of Higher Education, Sri Lanka
Higher National Diploma in Engineering (Civil Engineering)

None
Total GPA GPA
Semester I Hours Weekly Credits Credits Remarks
Code Title Remarks L T P
1 EN3105 Essentials of Professional C,E,M 45 1 2 2
Communication Skills
2 IT3104 Information Technology III C,E,M 75 2 3 3
3 CE3117 Concrete Technology C 60 2 1 1 4
4 CE3118 Management of Civil Engineering Construction C 120 7 1 4
5 CE3119 Measurements and Estimation C 60 4 4
6 CE3120 Materials Engineering C 30 2 2
Total Hours 390 18 1 7 17 2
Total Hours per week 26
Credits per Semester 19

None
Total GPA GPA
Third Year Semester II Hours Weekly Credits Credits Remarks
Code Remarks L T P
1 CE3221 Highway and Railway Engineering (Optional) C 60 3 1 4
2 CE3222 Foundation Engineering C 60 4 4
3 CE 3223 Water Supply & Waste Treatment (Optional) C 60 3 1 4
4 CE 3224 Environmental Engineering C 60 4 4
5 CE3225 Buildings and Structures (Optional) C 60 3 1 4
6 PROJECT C 10
7 Industrial Training C 10
Total Hours 300 17 3 0 40
Total Hours per week 20
Credits per Semester 40

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Sri Lanka Institute of Advanced Technological Education
Ministry of Higher Education, Sri Lanka
Higher National Diploma in Engineering
Civil Engineering

Module Number CE3221 Title HIGHWAYS AND


RAILWAYS
ENGINEERING
(OPTIONAL)
Year 3 Semester 2
Number of Hours 60 Credit Hours 4
Hours Per Week: 4
Theory 60 Tutorial 12 Practical Filed -
Visits(Other)
Day /Time/Hall

1. Learning Outcomes:
This module is intended to teach basic engineering and operational concepts that are
relevant to transportation engineering. It provides students with knowledge of traffic
characteristics, traffic operations, analysis, procedures, and design considerations for solving
traffic, highway and railway engineering problems

Module Outline:
Introduction to transportation engineering, traffic flow theory, traffic incident analysis,
traffic control devices, traffic signals, traffic studies, introduction to urban transportation
system, and capacity and level of service concepts including railways

Prerequisite: None

2. Method of Assessments:

Assignment
a) Three tutorials (carries equal marks)

Mode of Assessment:

1. Continuous assessment = (40%)


a) Assignments and class participation1 = 20% - 30%
b) Mid - semester evaluation = 10% - 20%
Requirement to be eligible for the end examination 50% of the marks of assignments
and class participation

2. End-semester examination = (60%)

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3. Syllabus:

Highways Engineering

1 INTRODUCTION TO TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS AND PLANNUNG


- Elements of Transportation Systems [4hours]
- Need for Transport Planning
- Basic Elements of Transportation Planning
- Transport Planning Concepts
- Planning Goals and Objectives
- Types of Transport Plans

2 GEOMETRIC DESIGN OF HIGHWAYS [4 hours]


- Introduction
- Highway Classification
- Design Controls and Criteria
- Horizontal Alignment
- Vertical Alignment
- Sight Distance
- Cross-Sectional Elements
- Intersections

3 EARTHWORK CALCULATIONS [3 hours]


- Surveys and Investigations
- Design and Drawings
- Estimates
- Earthwork Quantities

4 HIGHWAY CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS [4 hours]


- Introduction
- Basic Engineering Properties of Soil
- Classification of Soils for Highway Use
- Aggregates, Bitumen, Tar, Emulsion and Modified Binders
- Tests of Aggregates and Bituminous materials
- Sub grade course, Sub base course and Base course
- Sheet Asphalt
- Rolled Asphalt
- Mastic asphalt

5 HIGHWAY PAVEMENT DESIGN [4 hours]


- Functions and Desirable Characteristics of Pavement
- Pavement Courses
- Pavement Types
- Comparison of Rigid and Flexible Pavements
- Fundamentals of Pavement Design
- Design of Flexible and Rigid Pavements

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6 HIGHWAY DRAINAGE [4 hours]
- Importance of Highway Drainage
- Principles of Good Drainage
- Surface Drainage
- Sub-surface Drainage
- Importance of Cross-drainage
- Types of Cross-drainage Structures

7 HIGHWAY MAINTANCE [3 hours]


- Need for Maintenance
- Methods of Pavement Evaluation
- Pavement Serviceability Index (PSI)
- Maintenance of Low Cost Pavement
- Maintenance of High Typed Pavement
- Overlay Design and Construction

8 FUNDEMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF TRAFFIC FLOW [2 hours]


- Traffic Flow Elements
- Speed-Flow-Density Relationships

9 TRAFFIC ENGINEERING [2 hours]


- Introduction
- The road-traffic system
- Vehicle and traffic characteristics
- Traffic studies
- Traffic control devices
- Highway Safety

Railway Engineering

1 RAILWAY TRANSPORTATION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT [2 hours]


- Historical development of railways
- Role of Railways in Transportation
- Classification and Characteristics of Transportation modes
- Comparison of Railway and Highway Transportation

2 RAILWAY TRACK ALIGNMENTS AND SURVEY [2 hours]


- Introduction
- Basic requirements of good alignment
- Factors in selection of good alignment
- Survey for Track Alignment
- Traffic Survey
- Reconnaissance, Preliminary Survey and Final location survey

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3 RAILWAY TRACK [2 hours]
- The permanent way
- Requirements of an ideal permanent way
- Gauges in Railway track
- Railway Track cross-sections
- Coning of wheels and Tilting of Rails

4 TRACTION AND TRACTIVE RESISTANCES [2 hours]


- Tractions on Railways
- Tractive Resistances
- Hauling capacity of a locomotive
- Tractive effort of a locomotive

5 RAILS [2 hours]
- Introduction
- Functions of rails
- Requirements of rails
- Types of rail sections
- Selection of rails
- Length of rails
- Corrugated or Roaring rails
- Hogged Rails, Kinks in Rails and Buckling of rails
- Wear on Rails

6 SLEEPERS [2 hours]
- Introduction
- Functions of sleepers
- Requirements of sleepers.
- Classification of sleepers
- Relative advantages and disadvantages of different types of sleepers
- Spacing of sleepers and Sleeper Density

7 TRACK FITTINGS AND FASTENINGS [2 hours]


- Introduction
- Types of Fittings
- Fish plates
- Bearing plates
- Elastic Fastenings

8 BALLAST [2 hours]
- Introduction
- Functions of ballast
- Requirements of good ballast
- Types of ballast
- Size and section of ballast
- Quantity of ballast

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9 SUBGRADE AND EMBANKMENTS [3 hours]
- Definition: Sub grade, Embankment, Cutting, Level, formation
- Functions of the sub grade or Formation
- Sub-grade material and its improvement
- Slopes of Embankment
- Stability of Embankments

10 POINTS AND CROSSINGS [2 hours]


- Introduction
- Necessity of points and crossings
- Turnout
- Points of switches
- Types of switches
- Crossings
- Sleepers at points and crossings

11 STATIONS AND YARDS [2 hours]


- Introduction
- Site selection for a Railway station
- Requirements of a Railway station
- Classification of Railway
- Yards
- Level crossing

12 SIGNALLING AND CRONTROL SYSTEMS [2 hours]


- Introduction
- Objects of signaling
- Classification of signals
- Control of movement of trains

13 INTERLOCKING OF SIGNALS AND POINTS [2 hours]


- Definition
- Necessity and functions of interlocking
- Methods of interlocking

14 TRACK MAINTENANCE [3 hours]


- Necessity of maintenance
- Maintenance of Railway track
- Signaling during maintenance work
- Speed restrictions during maintenance work
- Maintenance Tools and Equipment

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4. References:

1. Paul H. Whrite, Norman J. Ashford and Robert J. Stammer, Transportation


Engineering, 4th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York 1998
2. Institute of Transportation Engineers, (1994): Manual of Transportation Engineering
Studies.
3. Institute of Transportation Engineers, (1993): The Traffic Safety Toolbox: A Primer
on Traffic Safety. Hall Inc.
5. Ogden, K.W. and Taylor, S.Y., (1996): Traffic Engineering and Management, Monash University.

Notes:
1 Marks for class participation should not be greater than 10%.

5. Schedule of Lectures:
(to be prepared by the Lecture and approved by the module coordinator to be distributed to
the students on the day of commencement of the module):

Week Topic Hours Resource Remarks


Person/Lecturer
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
End Semester Exam

151/165
Sri Lanka Institute of Advanced Technological Education
Ministry of Higher Education, Sri Lanka
Higher National Diploma in Engineering
Civil Engineering

Module Number CE3222 Title Foundation Engineering


Year 3 Semester 2
Number of Hours 60 Credit Hours 4
Hours Per Week: 2
Theory 60 Tutorial Practical Filed -
Visits(Other)
Day /Time/Hall

1. Learning Outcomes:
This module introduces basic principles of engineering geology and fundamentals of soil
mechanics. In addition, the students will experience how to determine basic soil
properties. And design foundations.

Module Outline:
Soil mechanics; phase relationships, classification and characteristics of soils, compaction of
soils, pore pressure, total and effective stresses, shear strength of soil, soil bearing capacity,
design of foundations

Prerequisite: None

1. Method of Assessments:

Assignment
a) Sieve analysis and hydrometer analysis
b) Atterberg limits
c) Standard Proctor compaction test and sand cone test

Mode of Assessment:
1. Continuous assessment = (40%)
a) Assignments and class participation1 = 20% - 30%
b) Mid - semester evaluation = 10% - 20%
Requirement to be eligible for the end examination 50% of the marks of
assignments and class participation
2. End-semester examination = (60%)

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2. Syllabus:
1. ENGINEERING PROPERTIES OF SOILS [6 hours]
- Introduction
- Models Used in Design of Foundations
- Important Engineering Properties
- Strength of Soils
- Soil testing: SPT, Attergurge, Shear test etc.

2. BEARING CAPACITY OF SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS [6 hours]


- Introduction
- Basic Definitions of Ultimate Bearing Capacity, Net Ultimate Bearing Capacity, Safe
Settlement Pressure and Allowable Bearing Pressure
- Terzaghi's Bearing Capacity Equation and Its Limitations
- Testing for bearing strength

3. DESIGN OF SHALLOW FOUNDATIONS [6 hours]


- Types of Shallow Foundations
- Design Considerations
- Depth of Footings
- Foundation Loadings
- Design of Spread and Strap Footings
- Illustrative Examples

4. DESIGN OF RAFT FOUNDATIONS [4 hours]


- Types of Rafts and Their Use
- Stiffness or Rigidity of Soil Structure System
- Allowable Soil Pressure for Rafts in Cohesive and Cohesion less Soils
- Illustrative Examples

5. LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY OF PILES BY STATIC FORMULAE [6 hours]


- Types of Piles
- Factors Affecting Choice of Type of Piles
- Load Carrying Capacity by Various Methods
- Uplift Resistance of Piles
- Negative Skin Friction
- Comparison of Capacities of Driven and Bored Piles
- Pile testing: Static load, dynamic, integrity, sonic logging, core tests etc.
- Illustrative Examples

6. SELECTION OF FOUNDATION TYPE AND BASIS FOR DESIGN [4 hours]


- Steps in Choosing Type of Foundation
- Bearing Capacity and Settlement
- Design Loads

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7. RETAINING WALLS [5 hours]
- Types of Retaining Walls
- Nature and Magnitudes of Earth Pressure
- Pressure on Retaining Structures
- Design of High Retaining Walls
- Importance of Drainage of Backfill
- Illustrative Examples

8. CAISSONS [5 hours]
- Component of Caissons
- Forces Acting on Caissons
- Design Considerations
- Bearing Capacity of Caissons
- Methods of Analysis
- Illustrative Examples

9. SOIL EXPLORATION - GEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF SITES [6 hours]


- Introduction
- Planning a Sub-Surface Exploration Programme
- Depth, Lateral Extent of Exploration and Borings for Exploration
- Methods for Sub-soil Investigation

10. NEW TECHNOLOGIES [2 hours]


New design perspectives using software, piling techniques, testing etc.

3. References:
1. J. E. Bowles (1997), Foundation Analysis and Design, McGraw Hill, New York.
2. J. P. Bardet (1997), Experimental Soil Mechanics, Prentice-Hall,
3. D. P. Coduto (2002), Geotechnical Engineering: Principles and Practices,
Prentice Hall.
4. Braja M. Das (2002), Principles of Geotechnical Engineering, Thomson
Publication, Boston.

Notes:
1 Marks for class participation should not be greater than 10%.

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4. Schedule of Lectures:
(to be prepared by the Lecture and approved by the module coordinator to be distributed to the
students on the day of commencement of the module):

Week Topic Hours Resource Remarks


Person/Lecturer
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
End Semester Exam

155/165
Sri Lanka Institute of Advanced Technological Education
Ministry of Higher Education, Sri Lanka
Higher National Diploma in Engineering
Civil Engineering

Module Number CE 3223 Title Water Supply & Waste


Treatment (OPTIONAL)
Year 3 Semester 2
Number of Hours 60 Credit Hours 2
Hours Per Week: 4
Theory 60 Tutorial 10 hrs Practical - Filed Site
Visits(Other) Visit
Day /Time/Hall

1. Learning Outcomes:
On completion of this module the students will be able to understand water availability
and usage of safe water, understand the nature & characteristics of wastewater and
designing of sewerage systems understand the processes in disposal of sewage.

Module Outline:
Water quality analysis and standards, water pollution control, water quality modeling,
design of a water treatment plant, wastewater collection and treatment.

Prerequisite: None

2. Method of Assessments:
Assignment
Tutorials, Designs of water supply plant and sewer treatment system

Mode of Assessment:
1. Continuous assessment = (40%)
a) Assignments and class participation1 = 20% - 30%
b) Mid - semester evaluation = 10% - 20%
Requirement to be eligible for the end examination 50% of the marks of
assignments and class participation
2. End-semester examination = (60%)

Module Contents [Total number of hours =60]

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2. Syllabus:
Section I - Water Supply and Treatment

1. Introduction to Public Water Supply (04 hours)


Movement of water in nature
Water consumption for different purposes
Variation in demand from average
Provision for growth in population
Factors affecting per capita demand

2. Sources of Water and Their Characteristics (06 hours)


Surface sources
Location of reservoirs and intakes
Capacity of reservoirs
Ground water sources

3. Basic Water Quality Parameters of Drinking Water and Their Assessment


(06 hours)
Physical and chemical characteristics of water.
Introduction to sanitary microbiology.
Water sampling and interpretation of test results.
WHO standards for portable water.

4. Water Supply and Treatment (14 hours)


Natural purification in reservoirs.
Aeration
Coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation
Types of sedimentation tanks and design of sedimentation tanks.
Filtration.
Filter troubles.
Softening process.
Disinfections.

5. Transmission and Distribution of Water (06 hours)


Distribution systems, service reservoirs and clear water reservoirs.
Types of materials used for pipes.
Types of pipe joints.
Water meters, valves and other fittings.
Loop" software for water distribution systems and its applications.

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Section II - Wastewater Treatment

6. Wastewater and Combined Systems (06 hours)


Definitions and purposes, Quantity of wastewater and storm water.
Sizes and slopes of wastewater pipes and drains
Maximum and minimum velocities of flow.
Materials and shapes of wastewater pipes, manholes, catch basins, building connections
Sewerage systems.

7. Treatment of Domestic Wastewater and Sludge Disposal Techniques (10 hours)


Characteristics of wastewater.
Introduction to wastewater treatment.
Wastewater treatment plants based on activated sludge process and trickling filter.
Low cost wastewater treatment methods in hot climates.
Soakage pits and septic tank design.

8. Introduction to Solid Waste Management (02 hours)


Definitions of solid wastes.
Handling and disposing of solid wastes.
Collection of solid waste.
Principles of treatment and final disposal

9. Introduction to Environmental Legislation (04 hours)


National Environmental Act
Recommendation on Ambient Air Quality
Requirement on noise level
Standards on emission levels of wastewaters from industries.
Interim standards on vibrations

10. Environmental Management Systems (02 hours)


Cleaner production
ISO certification

3. References:

1. Water and Wastewater Technology. (SI Version); Mark. J Hammer.


2. Water Supply & Sewerage; Ernest .W. Steel
3. Environmental Engineering (Vol. 01 & 02); Santhosh Kumar
4. Water Supply & Sewerage; Steel
5. Sewerage Treatment in hot climates; Duncan Mara

Notes: 1 Marks for class participation should not be greater than 10%.

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4. Schedule of Lectures:
(to be prepared by the Lecture and approved by the module coordinator to be distributed to
the students on the day of commencement of the module):

Week Topic Hours Resource Remarks


Person/Lecturer
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
End Semester Exam

159/165
Sri Lanka Institute of Advanced Technological Education
Ministry of Higher Education, Sri Lanka
Higher National Diploma in Engineering
Civil Engineering

Module Number CE 3224 Title Environmental


Engineering
Year 3 Semester 2
Number of Hours 60 Credit Hours 4
Hours Per Week: 4
Theory 60 Tutorial - Practical - Filed Visit to
Visits(Other) a site
Day /Time/Hall

1. Learning Outcomes:
Introduction waste water treatment, types of treatment plants, collection and disposal of solid
wastes, treatment on solid wastes, recycling, air quality, noise pollutions and controls, industrial
emissions and legislation pertaining to environmental protection etc.

Module Outline:
At the end of the course a student should be capable of understanding the treatment processes,
their design basics and regulations and controlling limitations of the above.

Prerequisite: None

2. Method of Assessments:
Assignment

1. Tutorials /in-class assignments: Design a treatment plant


2. Laboratory experiments/field sessions:
Field Visit

Mode of Assessment:

1. Continuous assessment = (40%)


a) Assignments and class participation1 =40%
b) Mid - semester evaluation = 0%
Requirement to be eligible for the end examination 50% of the marks of assignments
and class participation
2. End-semester examination = (60%)

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2. Syllabus:
1. Introduction to waste water treatment [10 hours]
Introduction to chemical and biological waste treatment processes, COD, BOD and other
controlling parameters etc., types of plants.

2. Introduction to land disposal systems [8 hours]


Collection and depositing of solid wastes, treatment of solid waste, site selection, anaerobic and
aerobic processes etc

3. Introduction to treatment of wastewater and sludge [6 hours]

4. Introduction on air quality, regulations and mitigation processes [4 hours]


Emissions, limitations, regulations and social responsibility

5. Introduction to Green buildings [10 hours]


What are green buildings, Planning and design for sustainability, LEED certification, and the main
areas of concerns: site selection with minimum damage to environment, waste and storm water
disposals, sustainable material selection, energy efficiency, water efficiency and building the
environment, levels of LEED certification etc with Sri Lankan examples.

6. Introduction to Sound pollution [5 hours]

7. Introduction to industrial pollutions [6 hours]


Industrial emissions, world examples and repercussions, disasters and their reasons (3 examples at
least), laws and regulations etc.

8. Introduction to Project Feasibility and getting CEA clearance [4


hours]

9. Introduction to National Environment protection legislature [6 hours]


The pertaining acts, Role of Central Environment authority, improvements and drawbacks etc.

References:
1. Introduction to Environmental Engineering (4th edition), Davis & Cornwell, McGraw-
Hill Series in water Resources and Environmental Engineering

Notes:
Marks for class participation should not be greater than 10%

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Schedule of Lectures:
(to be prepared by the Lecture and approved by the module coordinator to be distributed to
the students on the day of commencement of the module):

Week Topic Hours Resource Remarks


Person/Lecturer
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
End Semester Exam

162/165
Sri Lanka Institute of Advanced Technological Education
Ministry of Higher Education, Sri Lanka
Higher National Diploma in Engineering
Civil Engineering

Module Number CE3225 Title Buildings and Structures


(OPTIONAL)
Year 3 Semester 2
Number of Hours 60 Credit Hours 4
Hours Per Week: 4
Theory 50 Tutorial 10 Practical Filed -
Visits(Other)
Day /Time/Hall

1. Learning Outcomes:
This module aims to make students understand planning and design of building services
including circulations, fire, thermal comfort, lighting etc. in multi-storey buildings.

Module Outline:
At the conclusion the students should be able to plan and design building services for multi
storey building including circulations, fire, thermal comfort, lighting etc.

Prerequisite: None

2. Method of Assessments:
Assignment

1. Tutorials/design assignments/:
a) One design assignments (take home)
2. Laboratory experiments/field sessions:
None.

Mode of Assessment:

1. Continuous assessment = (40%)


a) Assignments and class participation1 = 40%
b) Mid - semester evaluation = 0%
Requirement to be eligible for the end examination 50% of the marks of assignments
and class participation

2. End-semester examination = (60%)

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3. Syllabus:
1. Introduction to multistoried building engineering [8 hours]

2. Planning and design of building services in multi storey building [8 hours]


Sanitary appliances, waste disposal systems, refuse disposal, drainage systems, hot
and cold water supply systems

3. Planning and design of circulations in buildings [4 hours]


Vertical movements, horizontal movements, emergency evacuation

4. Fire safety in buildings [4 hours]


Importance of fire, structural design inputs, selection of fire safety systems, fire resistance for
service runs, fire detectors and protections

5. Thermal comfort in buildings [4 hours]


Active and Passive techniques, air-conditioning

6. Lighting design of buildings [4 hours]


Importance of natural lighting, Electrical installations, distribution, day lighting methods etc.

7. Planning of multi storey buildings [4 hours]


Movements, facilities, easy maintenance, protections, energy efficiency etc.

8. Building regulations [4 hours]


Planning and building requirements

9. Green buildings [10 hours]


What are green buildings, Sustainable built environment, Planning and Design for sustainability,
LEED certification, the main areas of concerns: site selection with minimum damage to
environment, waste and storm water disposals, sustainable material selection, energy efficiency, water
efficiency, and building the environment, levels of LEED certification etc with Sri Lankan examples.

10. Introduction to Skyscrapers [10 hours]


The relevancy in Sri Lanka, the world picture, design considerations, structural types, special
systems, material and labour movements, project management, safety aspects, services, structural
dynamics, special practices, regulations and special considerations etc

4. References:
1. Building design and construction hand book McGraw-Hill, Merritt and Ricketts
2. MTR Jayasinghe, Loadbearing brickwork Construction for Sri Lanka, STRAD
Consultants, Sri Lanka. 1997.
3.MTR Jayasinghe, Energy efficient houses for tropical climates, MacBolon Polymer,
Sri Lanka. 2003.

Notes:
1 Marks for class participation should not be greater than 10%.
2

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