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University of Banja Luka

Faculty of Mechanical Engineering


Faculty Of Electrical Engineering

BOOK OF ABSTRACTS
ZBORNIK APSTRAKATA

Banja Luka, May 2015


Print:
Grafomark, Laktai

Circulation:
200

ISBN:
12TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ACCOMPLISHMENTS
IN ELECTRICAL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING AND
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Supported by:
MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF
THE REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA

Organizer and publisher:


FACULTY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
UNIVERSITY OF BANJA LUKA

Co-organizer:
FACULTY OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
UNIVERSITY OF BANJA LUKA

For publisher:
Prof. Darko Kneevi, PhD

Editor in chief:
Prof. Vid Jovievi, PhD

Executive editor:
Biljana Prochaska, MSc

Editorial assistant:
Milivoj Stipanovi

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ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITTEE

Chairman:
Prof. Vid Jovievi, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka

Secretary:
Biljana Prochaska, MSc, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka

Members:
Prof. Zdravko Milovanovi, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Darko Kneevi, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Sneana Petkovi, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Petar Gvero, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Mladen Todi, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Assist. Prof. Zoran uri, PhD, Faculty of Electrical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Aleksandar Milainovi, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Mihajlo Stojii, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Assist. Prof. Zorana Tanasi, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Assist. Prof. Strain Posavljak, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Assist. Prof. ore ia, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Biljana Vranje, MSc, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Branislav Sredanovi, MSc, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Slavia Todorovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Goran Joti, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Branislav Jovkovi, University of Banja Luka
Milivoj Stipanovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka.

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PROGRAM AND SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE

Chairman:
Prof. Ostoja Mileti, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka, BiH.

Members:
Prof. Duko Luka, PhD, University of Applied Science, Kln, /Germany/
Prof. Simo Jokanovi, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Milo Koji, PhD, Harvard University, /USA/
Prof. Milorad Boi, PhD, Faculty of Electrical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Petar Mari, PhD, Faculty of Electrical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Bobrek Miroslav, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. osi Ilija, PhD, University of Novi Sad, /RS/
Prof. Hadistevi Miodrag, PhD, University of Novi Sad, /RS/
Prof. Sokovi Mirko, PhD, University of Ljubljana, /SL/
Prof. Milenko Stegi, PhD, University of Zagreb, /RH/
Prof. Ivan Filipovi, PhD, University of Wien, /Austria/
Prof. Duan Gruden, PhD, TU
Prof. Branko Blanua, PhD, Faculty of Electrical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. edomir Zeljkovi, PhD, Faculty of Electrical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Radivoje Pei, PhD, University of Kragujevac, /RS/
Prof. Stevan Veinovi, PhD, University of Kragujevac, /RS/
Prof. Solvang Bjrn, PhD, Narvik University, /Norway/
Prof. Ljubia Papi, PhD, University of Kragujevac, /RS/
Prof. Petar Gvero, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Milan Radovanovi, PhD, Society of Thermal Engineers, /RS/
Prof. Vladimir Savi, PhD, University of Novi Sad, /RS/
Prof. Zdravko Milovanovi, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Janez Kopa, PhD, University of Ljubljana, /SL/
Prof. Milan Zeljkovi, PhD, University of Novi Sad, /RS/
Prof. Velimir Todi, PhD, University of Novi Sad, /RS/
Prof. Milentije Stefanovi, PhD, University of Kragujevac, /RS/
Prof. Sneana Petkovi, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Assist. Prof. Strain Posavljak, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Miodrag Mani, PhD, University of Ni, /RS/
Prof. Emilia Assenova, PhD, Technical University of Sofia, /Bulgaria/
Prof. Bogdan Nedi, PhD, University of Kragujevac, /RS/
Prof. Marius Benea Calin, PhD, Faculty of Engineering Hunedoara, /Romania/
Prof. Konstantinos-Dionysios Bouzakis, PhD, AU Thessaloniki, /Greece/
Prof. Dragan Milutinovi, PhD, University of Belgrade, /RS/
Prof. Vid Jovievi, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Ranko Zrili, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka

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Prof. Viktor Sajn, PhD, University of Ljubljana, /RS/
Prof. Darko Kneevi, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Branislav Anelkovi, PhD, University of Ni,/RS/
Prof. Mihajlo Stoji, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Banja Luka
Prof. Bojan Babi, PhD, University of Belgrade, /RS/
Prof. Milomir Gai, PhD, Faculty of Mechanical and Civil Engineering,
Kraljevo, /RS/
Prof. Vidosav Majstorovi, PhD, University of Belgrade, /RS/
Prof. Milorad Milovanevi, PhD, University of Belgrade, /RS/
Prof. Ljubodrag Tanovi, PhD, University of Belgrade, /RS/
Prof. Miroslav Trajanovi, PhD, University of Ni, /RS/
Prof. Miodrag Bulatovi, PhD, University of Podgorica, /CG/
Prof. Pavel Kova, PhD, University of Novi Sad, /RS/
Dobrivoje Ninkovi, PhD, ABB Turbo-Systems AG, /Switzerland/
Prof. Zisis Samaras, PhD, AU Thessaloniki, /Greece/
Assist. Prof. Halil ALISKAN, PhD, Bartin University, Faculty of Engineering,/
TURKEY/
Prof. Dragoslava Stojiljkovi, PhD, University of Belgrade, /RS/
Prof. Olga Korda, PhD, KTH Stocholm, /Sweden/
Prof. Neven Dui, PhD, University of Zagreb, /Croatia/
Prof. Aurilla Aurelie Arntzen Bechina, PhD, /Norway/
Prof. Borut Kosec, PhD, University of Ljubljana, /SL/
Prof. Igor Budak, PhD, FTN, Novi Sad, /SR/

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Content

Content

KEYNOTE LECTURES

Simo Jokanovic, Bjrn Solvang, Trygve Thomessen, Gabor Sziebig


INTEGRATION OF DISTRIBUTED PRODUCTION RESOURCES BY MEANS
OF RT-MIDDLEWARE AND VIRTUAL REALITY  3
Duan Gruden
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY  4
Radivoje Mitrovic, Milan Tica, Ivana Atanasovska, Predrag Popovic
SCIENCE GENERATOR OF INDUSTRIAL AND OVERALL DEVELOPMENT OF
SERBIA AND REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA  5

PRODUCTION AND COMPUTER-AIDED TECHNOLOGIES

Duan Petkovi, Milo Madi, Goran Radenkovi, Predrag ivkovi, Mladen Tomi
HEAT EXCHANGERS MATERIALS SELECTION BY USING MCDM APPROACH  9
Elvis Hozdi
EUROPEAN TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM FOR FACTORIES OF THE FUTURE  10
Marina Dojinovi, Milena osi
INFLUENCE OF ALLOYING ELEMENTS ON CAVITATION RESISTANCE OF
QUENCHED AND TEMPERED CARBON STEEL  11
Milena osi, Marina Dojinovi,
MICROSTRUCTURE OF AlSi18CuMg ALLOY PRODUCED BY RHEOCASTING
PROCESS  12
Milo Madi, Miroslav Radovanovi, Sran Mladenovi, Duan Petkovi, Predrag
Jankovi
AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF KERF WIDTH IN CO2 LASER
CUTTING OF ALUMINUM ALLOY 13
Todic Mladen, Miletic Ostoja
ZONE OF DEFORMATION AT MULTI-LAYER MATERIALS  14
Predrag ivkovi,
PARAMETRIC MODELING OF GEOMETRY SHAPES OF GEAR TEETH BY USING
CAD SOFTWARE  15
Dragana Temeljkovski, Stojane Nusev, Climent Ohridski, Dragan Temeljkovski
STONE IN THE WORLD OF ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN REENGINEERING
STONE PROCESSING  16
Milentije Stefanovi, Dragan Adamovi, Zvonko Guliija, Srbislav Aleksandrovi,
Vesna Mandi, Milan Milovanovi
LIMITATIONS OF PHYSICAL TRIBO-MODELING IN METAL FORMING PROCESSES  17

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Content

Petar S. eki, Goran Radenkovi, Biljana Milutinovi


IMPROVEMENT OF THE PROPERTIES OF GROUND TIRE RUBBER BY
MECHANOCHEMICAL MODIFICATION AND APPLICATION IN SRB/NR BLENDS  18
Vujadin Aleksi, Bojana Aleksi, Dejan Momilovi, Ljubica Milovi, Aleksandar
Sedmak
NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF PRESSURE VESSELS APPLICATION OF
SolidWorks  19
Dejan Luki, Velimir Todi, Mijodrag Miloevi, Goran Jovii, Jovan Vukman,
Mia urev
COST ESTIMATION AS ASPECT OF DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURING-DfM  20
Goran Jovii, Mijodrag Miloevi, Dejan Luki, Jovan Vukman, Mia urev
APPLICATION OF MULTI-AGENT SYSTEMS WITHIN THE CONCEPT OF
DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT PRODUCTION  21
Aleksandar Vujovi, Zdravko Krivokapi, Jelena Jovanovi, Gordan Kijanovi
POSSIBILITY OF APPLICATION OF THE INTELLIGENT AGENT-BASED SYSTEM
IN THE WOOD INDUSTRY  22
Milan ljivi, Nenad Grujovi, Ana Pavlovi, Cristiano Fragassa, Jovica Ili, Mirko
Topi
DEVELOPING PROFILES FROM WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES  23
Said Paali, Milan Jurkovi, Mladen Todi
MOVEMENT AND MOVING SPEED EDGE OF THE CORNICE CIRCLES BLANK
OF THE WORKPIECE IN DEEP DRAWING  24
Milo Madi, Miroslav Radovanovi, Duan Petkovi, Predrag Jankovi, Milo
Miloevi
PREDICTION OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS USING REGRESSION AND ANN
MODELS IN CO2 LASER CUTTING OF MILD STEEL  25
Dragoslav Dobra, Nenad Bukejlovi
HARDOX 450 ATTACHMENT ASSESSMENT OF WELDABILITY  26
Dragoslav Dobra, Ismar Hajro
SPECIFICS OF THE TRAINIG AND CERTIFICATION OF WELDERS FOR
ALUMINOTHERMIC WELDING PROCESS  27
Velibor Karanovi, Mitar Jocanovi, Saa Lalo, Bojan Kneevi
OIL CLEANLINESS CLASS INFLUENCE ON WEAR INTENSITY OF PISTONCYLINDER
CONTACT PAIR INSIDE OF HYDRAULIC DISTRIBUTIONAL VALVE  28
Tomaz Irgolic, Franc Cus, Janez Kopa
CUTTING FORCE PREDICTION BY MILLING GRADED MATERIAL  29
Ranko Radonjic, Mathias Liewald, Fei Han
INFLUENCE OF BLANK HOLDER STIFFNESS ON PART SURFACE QUALITY
IN DEEP DRAWING PROCESS  30
Bekir Novkini, Vladimir Koovi, Marija Jeremi, Dragomir Milju
PROBLEMS OF CLAMPING FIXTURES COMPLIANCE DURING THE MACHINING

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OF THE WORKPIECE ON THE MULTI-AXIAL MILLING MACHINE TOOL  31


Aleksandar Koarac, Milan Zeljkovi, Cvijetin Mlaenovi, Aleksandar ivkovi
MODAL ANALYSIS OF A HORIZONTAL MACHINING CENTER  32
Aleksandar Zivkovic, Milan Zeljkovic, Cvijetin Mladjenovic
MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR STIFFNESS DETERMINATION OF BALL BEARINGS
WITH ANGULAR CONTACT  33
Bogdan Nedi, Marko Jankovi, Milan Eri, Gordana G. Laki, Branislav Sredanovi
SPECIFICS OF THE DESIGN FOR CNC PLASMA CUTTING  34
ivko Babi, Rodoljub Lekani
THE IMPACT OF TOOL DESIGN ON PHARMACEUTICAL BLISTER PACKAGING  35
Saa ivanovi, Branko Kokotovi
CONFIGURING A VIRTUAL DESKTOP 5-AXIS MACHINE TOOL FOR MACHINE
SIMULATION  36
Mario Moi, Sanja Dobrnjac
DEDUSTING OF DUST POLYURETHANE IN THE PROCESS OF PRODUCTION
ORTHOPEDIC AIDS  37
Ostoja Miletic, Mladen Todic
STRESS-STRAIN STATE IN PROFILING ANISOTROPIC STRIPS  38
Nenad Grujovi, Miroslav ivkovi, Fatima ivi, Andreja Radovanovi, Milo
Mladenovi, Milan ljivi
COST OPTIMIZATION OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING IN WOOD INDUSTRY  39
Nenad Miloradovi, Slobodan Mitrovi, Blaa Stojanovi
WEAR OF ZA27/10SIC/1GR HYBRID COMPOSITE  40
Branislav Sredanovi, Gordana Globoki - Laki, Davorin Kramar, Janez Kopa
MODELLING OF TOOL WEAR IN TURNING OF BEARING STEEL USING
CARBIDE TOOL AND HPJAM TECHNIQUE  41
Zvnoko Guliija, Marija Mihailovi, Aleksandra Patari
THE STRUCTURE-PROPERTIES CORRELATION OF NICKEL BASED SUPEREALLOYS
IN DESIGNING THE TECHNOLOGY FOR TURBINEBLADES PROCESSING  42
Zvonko Guliija, Aleksandra Patari, Marija Mihailovi, Milentije Stefanovi
DESIGNING THE HIGH QUALITY AL-ALLOYS OBTAINED WITH
ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD FOR HOT FORGING PROCESS  43
Jure Berneti, Gorazd Kosec, Matja Mareti, Borut Kosec, Ale Nagode, Mirko
Goji, Zijah Burzi
ARMOURED STEEL PLATE OF NEW GENERATION  44

ENERGETICS AND THERMAL ENGINEERING

Cvete Dimitrieska, Igor Andreevski, Sanja P. Vasilevska, Sevde Stavreva


NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR FLUID FLOW AND

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HEAT TRANSFER PROCESSES IN PLATE EXCHANGER BASE ON STREAMLINE


VORTEX METHOD  47
Dragan Cvetkovi, Milorad Boji, Dragan Taranovi, Jasmina Skerli
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF HEAT FLUX AT THE PANEL HEATING
SYSTEMS  48
Dragana Dimitrijevi, Mladen Tomi, Predrag ivkovi, Mladen Stojiljkovi,
Mirko Dobrnjac
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS AND POTENTIAL FOR RETROFIT BY USING
GREEN VEGETATED ROOFS  49
Filip Mojsovski
ENTERING AIR STATE INFLUENCE ON THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF
HYPERBOLIC COOLING TOWER  50
Milo Simonovi, Vlastimir Nikoli, Ivan iri, Emina Petrovi
RECURRENT NEURAL NETWORK SHORT-TERM PREDICTION OF DISTRICT
HEATING SYSTEM IN TRANSIENT REGIMES  51
Mladen Tomi, Predrag ivkovi, Mia Vuki, Mirko Dobrnjac, Dragana Dimitrijevi
A NUMERICAL STUDY OF PERFORATED PLATE LOCAL HEAT TRANSFER
COEFFICIENT  52
Mladen Tomi, Mia Vuki, Predrag ivkovi, ana Stevanovi, Ivan iri
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THERMAL AND FLUID FLOW
PROCESSES IN A PERFORATED PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER  53
Predrag ivkovi
HEAT BALANCE OF LOSSES IN PLANETARY GEAR DRIVES  54
Saa Pavlovi, Velimir Stefanovi, Marko Mani, Zivan Spasic
DEVELOPMENT OF MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF OFFSET TYPE SOLAR
PARABOLIC CONCENTRATING COLLECTOR  55
Predrag ivkovi, Mladen Tomi, Duan Petkovi, Ivan iri, ana Stevanovi,
Dragana Dimitrijevi, Sanja Dobrnjac, Milica iri
POSSIBILITIES OF WIND ENERGY USAGE IN THE SKI CENTER KOPAONIK  56
Vladimir V. Jovanovi, Neboja Mani, Dragoslava D. Stojiljkovi, Pavle Hadi
PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL IN A BATCH REACTOR BY ALKALINE
TRANSESTERIFICATION AT ROOM TEMPERATURE  57
Ivan Komusanac, Boris osi, Luka Perkovi, Neven Dui
EXPERIENCE WITH SOLAR-DRIVEN LIBR/H2O ABSORPTION COOLING
SYSTEM IN VODOVOD DUBROVNIK D.O.O.  58
Vesna Rankovi, Milorad Boji, Jasna Radulovi, Danijela Nikoli, Jasmina Skerli
MODELING OF THE BUILDING THERMAL BEHAVIOUR USING NONLINEAR
SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION  59
Sadoon Ayed, Milo Jovanovi, Mladen Tomi, Gradimir Ili, Predrag ivkovi, Mia
Vuki, Mirko Dobrnjac
INSTABILITY OF RAYLEIGH-BERNARD CONVECTION AFFECTED BY INCLINED

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WALL TEMPERATURE VARIATION  60


Ratka Neshkovska
ELECTROCHROMIC COPPER(I) OXIDE THIN FILM AS A CANDIDATE FOR SMART
WINDOW  61
Milorad Bojic, Jasna Radulovic, Vesna Rankovic, Danijela Nikoli, Ljubisa Bojic,
Jasmina Skerlic
FLEXIBLE THIN-FILM SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND APPLICATION  62
Vujadin Aleksi, Dejan Momilovi, Bojana Aleksi, Ljubica Milovi, Aleksandar
Sedmak
ANALYSIS OF THE STEAM LINE DAMAGES  63
Danijela Nikoli, Milorad Bojic, Jasna Radulovic, Jasmina Skerlic, Saa Jovanovi
ENERGY OPTIMIZATION OF SERBIAN BUILDINGS WITH PV PANELS AND
DISTRICT HEATING SYSTEM  64
Sevde Stavreva, Cvete Dimitrieska, Igor Andreevski, Sanja P. Vasilevska, Elizabeta
Hristovska
IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF DATA CENTRES  65
Mila Mihajilovi, Vanja uteri, Gordana Bogdanovi
LEED TECHNOLOGY IN URBAN PLANNING  66

MECHANICS AND DESIGN

Filip Zdraveski, Dimitri Kozinakov


ANALYSIS OF POINT SUPPORTED-GLASS WALL SYSTEM UNDER WIND LOAD  69
Filip Zdraveski, Hristijan Mickoski
APPLICATION OF SIMILITUDE LAWS FOR EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATIONS OF
DYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF TALL PROTOTYPE STEEL STRUCTURE  70
Filip Zdraveski, Elisaveta Donceva
MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF DYNAMIC VIBRATION ABSORBERRESPONSE
PREDICTION AND REDUCTION  71
ore Miltenovi, Milan Tica, Aleksandar Miltenovi, Milan Bani
LOAD CAPACITY OF WORM GEARS WITH COMPACT DESIGN  72
Luka Pani, Atif Hodi, Ekrem Nezirevi
MODERN AND SOPHISTICATED PROCESSES OF 3D VENEER PLYWOOD
BENDING  73
Stevan Maksimovi, Mirjana uri, Mirko Maksimovi, Ivana Vasovi
FATIGUE LIFE ESTIMATION OF AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS WITH
SURFACE CRACKS UNDER LOAD SPECTRUM  74
Darko Kneevi, Saa Lalo, Mitar Jocanovi, Velibor Karanovi
EFFECT OF BULK MODULUS OF FLUID ON THE DYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF THE
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM  75

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Nikola Vueti, Aleksija uri, Miroslav Milutinovi


EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF SLIDING BEARING OPERATING
TEMPERATURE  76
Slobodanka Boljanovi, Stevan Maksimovi, Dragi Stamenkovi
FATIGUE STRENGTH SIMULATION OF AIRCRAFT LUG  77
Slobodanka Boljanovi, Stevan Maksimovi, Strain Posavljak
RESIDUAL LIFE EVALUATION OF A THREADED ROUND BAR WITH SURFACE
CRACK UNDER CYCLIC LOADING  78
Nenad Miloradovi, Rodoljub Vujanac
ANALYSIS OF OVERHEAD TRAVELLING CRANES MOTION IN HORIZONTAL
PLANE  79
Rodoljub Vujanac, Nenad Miloradovic, Snezana Vulovic
DYNAMIC STORAGE SYSTEMS  80
Vladimir avi, Mirko Dobrnjac, Milan Lei, Jela Burazer
MOGUNOSTI PRIMJENE VAKUUMSKOG PNEUMATSKOG TRANSPORTA U
PIVARAMA  81
Zoran Majki
ATTACHMENT RESEARCH JUDGEMENTS INDICATORS FOR COMFORT
MANAGEMENT OF TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES  82

MECHATRONICS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Muhanad D. Almawlawe, Darko Mitic, Marko Milojkovic


THE ADVANTAGE OF USING DIGITAL QUASI-SLIDING MODE IN
COMPARISON WITH ANALOGUE PID SLIDING MODE CONTROLLER  85
Petar D. Mandi, Mihailo P. Lazarevi, Tomislav B. ekara
CONTROL OF THE CART PENDULUM SYSTEM BY USING A FRACTIONAL
ORDER PD CONTROLLER  86
Vladimir Savic, Jelena Eric Obucina, Darko Knezevic, Andrea Ivanisevic, Boban
Balovic, Sanjin Kizic
TECHNICAL-ECONOMIC VIEW OF THE REPLACEMENT OF PUMPS WITH
VARIABLE VOLUME PUMPS A CONSTANT VOLUME OF THE FREQUENCY
CONVERTER  87
Jelena ivkovi, Dragan Adamovi, Miroslav ivkovi, Milentije Stefanovi,
Slobodan Mitrovi, Fatima ivi
ELECTRONIC DATABASES FOR MATERIALS SELECTION  88
Ivan iri, arko ojbai, Vlastimir Nikoli, Milica iri, Mladen Tomi, Emina
Petrovi, Milo Simonovi
NEURAL NETWORK PREDICTION OF PERSON POSITION FOR HUMAN
FOLLOWING MOBILE ROBOT PLATFORM  89
Ivan iri, arko ojbai, Vlastimir Nikoli, Milica iri, Predrag ivkovi, Ivan
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Pavlovi, Emina Petrovi


INTELLIGENT CONTROL OF MOBILE ROBOT FOR OBJECT RECOGNITION AND
GRASPING  90
Dragan Pri, Novak Nedi, Ljubia Dubonji,
MASS FLOW RATE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE FLAPPER-NOZZLE PNEUMATIC
VALVE  91

AUTOMOTIVE AND TRAFFIC ENGINEERING

Aleksandar Milainovi, Indir Mujani, eljko Bulatovi, eljko uri


OUTPUT TORQUE OF THE FLYWHEEL OF THE IC ENGINE VARIATIONS DURING
AN ENGINE CYCLE  95
Branislav Aleksandrovi, Rajko Radonji, Aleksandra Jankovi
RESEARCHING ABOUT BEHAVIOUR OF CYBERNETIC SYSTEM, DRIVER
MOTORCYCLE AT LIMITED REGIMES MOVEMENT  96
Danijela Miloradovi, Rajko Radonji, Jasna Gliovi
APPLICATION OF VERTICAL ACCELERATION RECORDS ACQUIRED AT THE
CENTRES OF THE VEHICLE WHEELS  97
Jasna Gliovi, Jovanka Luki, Danijela Miloradovi, Slavica Maui
TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF BRAKE SYSTEMS OF THE AGRICULTURAL
TRACTORS AND TRAILERS  98
Jovan Dori, Atila Kova, Neboja Nikoli, Stjepan Galambo, Ivan Klinar
IMPROVING PERFORMANCE OF SPARK IGNITION ENGINE USING VARIABLE
LENGTH INTAKE MANIFOLD  99
Jovanka Luki, Jasna Gliovi, Danijela Miloradovi, Slavica Maui
METHOD OF DISK BRAKE NOISE ASSESSMENT  100
Melisa Kustura, Aleksandra Kostic
A MODEL OF ACC ADAPTIVE CRUISE CONTROL  101
Milan Milovanovi, Zoran Jovanovi, Milentije Stefanovi
ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF NEW MATERIALS APPLICATION ON CAR BODIES  102
Stojko Bioanin, eljko Bulatovi, Aleksandar Milainovi, Indir Mujani, Ranko
Boikovi
CRANKSHAFT ANGULAR VELOCITY OF A TEN-CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE AS A
DIAGNOSTICS PARAMETER  103
Stojko Bioanin, eljko Bulatovi, Aleksandar Milainovi, Indir Mujani, Ranko
Boikovi
ENGINE MISFIRE IDENTIFICATION BY MONITORING EXHAUST PRESSURE AND
TEMPERATURE PULSATION IN THE EXHAUST MANIFOLDS  104
Saa Milojevi, Radivoje Pei
APPLICATION OF BIOMETHANE IN PROPULSION AND MOBILE SYSTEMS  105

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Slobodan Mianovi, Zlatomir ivanovi


ANALYSIS OF RENEWAL BUS FLEET GSP BEOGRAD FROM THE
ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY ASPECTS  106
Stjepan Galambo, Jovan Dori
DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF CAR BODY USING CFD SOFTWARE  107
Velimir Petrovi, Branka Grozdani, Zlata Bracanovic, Stojan Petrovi
THE PROBLEM OF REAL DRIVING EMISSIONS CONTROL  108
Aleksandar Davini, Radivoje Pei, Dragan Taranovi, Saa Milojevi
THE USE OF MODERN FUELS IN DIESEL ENGINES OF THE OLDER GENERATION  109
Duan Petkovi, Milo Madi, Goran Radenkovi, Milo Miloevi
APPLICATION OF MCDM METHODES FOR AUTOMOBILES BUMPER
MATERIAL SELECTION  110
Neboja Nikoli, Ivan Klinar, Jovan Dori, Nenad Raspopovi
INFLUENCE OF THE FAULTY MAP SENSOR ON SOME OPERATION PARAMETERS
OF AN AUTOMOBILE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINE  111
Dobrivoje Ninkovi
THE USE OF PARAMETRIC SPECTRAL ESTIMATION FOR EXTRACTING ANGULAR
VELOCITY VARIATIONS FROM THE EXHAUST PRESSURE PULSATIONS IN IC
ENGINES  112
Petkovi Sneana, Hnatko Emil, Stefanovi Radmilo, Veinovi Stevan
ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF BIO RESOURCES AND RENEWABLE/
RECURRENT ENERGY SOURCES IN AGRICULTURE  113
Saa Milojevi, Radivoje Pei, Aleksandar Davini, Dragan Taranovi
COATED AL PISTON AS TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTION TO LOWERING OF
FRICTION LOSSES INSIDE IC ENGINE  114

QUALITY AND ECOLOGY

Biljana Milutinovi, Gordana Stefanovi, Ksenija Deni-Mihajlov, Petar Djeki


ECONOMIC INDICATORS OF WASTE-TO-ENERGY TREATMENT  117
Borut Kosec, Bla Karpe, Ale Nagode, Dragan Gogi, Gorazd Kosec, Igor Budak,
Zorana Tanasi, Goran Janji, Miroslav Bobrek, Mirko Sokovi
LCA METHOD AS AN USEFUL TOOL IN PRODUCTION ENGINEERING  118
Srdjan Pelkic, Stevan Salatic, Radivojka Vucnic
THE CAPACITY OF MUNICIPALITY NEVESINJE IN DEVELOPING
WOODPROCESING INDUSTRIES  119
Zorana Tanasi, Borut Kosec, Goran Janji, Mirko Sokovi, Goran Joti
INTEGRATING LEAN AND GREEN INTO A HOLISTIC PRODUCTION SYSTEM  120
Miroslav Bobrek, Jugoslav Tepi, Duka Radmanovi
QUALITY ASSURANCE INSTRUMENTS IN HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM OF

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REPUBLIKA SRPSKA  121


Milo Madi, Marko Kovaevi, Miroslav Radovanovi
POSSIBILITIES OF USING DISCRETE MONTE CARLO METHOD FOR SOLVING
MACHINING OPTIMIZATION PROBLEMS  122
eljko Pavievi, Leonid Albijanic
INTELLIGENT INVESTMENTS MANAGEMENT; TRANSITION U-TURN  123
Nataa ali, Irena ali
THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS ON IMPROVEMENT OF BUSINESS
ACTIVITIES IN MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISES  124
Marko Serafimov, Sevde Stavreva, Igor Shesho
COST OPTIMAL METHODOLOGY  125

MAINTENANCE OF ENGINEERING SYSTEMS AND OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY


ENGINEERING

Aleksandar Majstorovi
THERMAL IMAGES AND THEIR APPLIANCE IN THE FIRE UNITS  129
Dejan Brankovic, Boris Latinovic, Zdravko N. Milovanovic
THE OPTIMIZATION OF THE PAPER MACHINE DEWATERING PROCESS BY
USING THE NEW POLYURETHANE SUCTION PRESS ROLL COVER  130
Dragan Mili, Erdin Rakipovski, Tasko Smileski, Miodrag Mili
RELIABILITY ANALYSIS OF DISTRIBUTOR VALVE OF THE AIR BRAKE SYSTEM  131
Dragoljub Vuji
STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS IN
AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES  132
Mitar Jocanovi, Velibor Karanovi, Darko Kneevi, Marko Oronjak
MODEL FOR MONITORING OF THE PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE OIL FILLING IN HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS  133
Mladen Todi, S. Petkovic, B. Milinovic
HARMFULNESS OF EXHAUSTED SYSTEM MOTOR SUS IN CONFINED SPACE  134
Biljana Vranje, Zorana Tanasi
DETERMINING THE CAUSE OF ACCIDENTS AT WORK ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS  135

xvii
PREFACE

The contemporary development of a society requires increased productivity and


production quality in all fields of industry. In electrical and mechanical engineering
as well as information technology this is most obvious in basic production processes
and other engineering activities. In the last decades, new techniques and technologies
have seen intensive advance and their application in production systems has also been
increasing.
Contemporary production is nowadays computer integrated by applying software
that enables simultaneous product and manufacturing process design and complete
CAD/CAPP/CAM integration of design and production.
These accomplishments, present in the developed countries, are within reach and
can be acquired by intensifying our education, scientific research and development
efforts, which include presenting the most important results of the past few years at this
Conference.
The DEMI conference is a major meeting for presentation of new research and
development results in electrical and mechanical engineering as well as information
technology. The aim of the DEMI 2015 Conference is to present scientific and
professional accomplishments and possibilities for their application, but also to set
course for future research and development, in order to improve manufacturing aspects
of industry by introducing new technologies.
The Conference includes the following thematic fields:
Production and Computer-Aided Technologies
Energetics and Thermal Engineering
Mechanics and Design
Mechatronics and Information Technology
Automotive and Traffic Engineering
Quality and Ecology
Maintenance of Engineering Systems and Occupational Safety Engineering

117 papers will be presented at the Conference. The fact that there are 89 papers
submitted from abroad reflects the international character of the Conference.
The DEMI 2015 Conference is an opportunity for researchers and engineers, both
from the academic community and industry, to get together, to exchange experiences
and to define the state of affairs in the industry as well as to create preconditions for the
development of new capacities and ambient for new investments.
The Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of Srpska has supported
the organization of this Conference, thus contributing to the improvement of scientific-
research and development activities in the field of electrical and mechanical engineering
as well as information technology for which the organizer of the Conference is very
grateful.
On behalf of the Organizing Committee of the Conference, we would like to
express our gratitude to all domestic and foreign authors as well as to the members of
referee teams for their reviews.

In Banja Luka, 20 May 2015 Chairman of the Organizing Committee


Prof. Vid Jovievi, PhD

xix
PREDGOVOR

Savremeni razvoj drutva namee potrebu stalnog poveanja produktivnosti i kvaliteta


proizvodnje u svim industrijskim granama. U oblasti elektrotehnike, mainstva i infor-
matike to posebno dolazi do izraaja u osnovnim proizvodnim procesima i u proce-
sima inenjerske djelatnosti. U posljednjim decenijama ostvaren je intenzivan razvoj
novih tehnika i tehnologija i njihove sve vee primjene u proizvodnim sistemima.
Savremena proizvodnja je danas kompjuterski integrisana primjenom program-
skih sistema koji omoguuju simultano projektovanja proizvoda i tehnolokih procesa,
i postizanje potpune integracije /CAD/CAPP/CAM/ projektovanja i proizvodnje.
Ova dostignua u industrijski razvijenim zemljama mogue je dostii intezivira-
njem domaih napora u oblasti obrazovne, nauno-istraivake i razvojne djelatnosti,
to se ostvaruje prikazivanjem na ovoj Konferenciji najvrednijih rezultata koji su po-
stignutu proteklih godina.
Konferencija DEMI predstavlja vodei skup za prezentaciju novih rezultata istra-
ivanja i razvoja u oblasti elektrotehnike, mainstva i informatike. Cilj konferencije
DEMI2015 je da se prikau nauna i struna dostignua i mogunosti njihove pri-
mjene, da se odrede pravci daljeg istraivanja i razvoja u cilju podizanja tehnolokog
nivoa industrije uvoenjem novih tehnologija
Konferencija obuhvata sljedee tematske oblasti:
Proizvodne i raunarom podrane tehnologije
Energetika i termotehnika
Mehanika i konstrukcije
Mehatronika i informatika
Automobilski i saobraajni ininjering
Kvalitet i ekologija
Odravanje tehnikih sistema i inenjerstvo zatite radne sredine
Na Konferenciji e biti izloeno ukupno 117 rada. Iz 9 inostranih zemalja je prija-
vljeno 89 radova, to ukazuje na meunarodni karakter Konferencije.
Konferencija DEMI2015 je prilika za okupljanje istraivaa i inenjera sa akadem-
ske zajednice i industrije, u cilju razmjene iskustava i definisanja stanja u oblasti indu-
strije i stvaranja preduslova za razvoj novih kapaciteta i ambijenta za nove investicije.
Ministarstvo nauke i tehnologije Republike Srpske je svojom podrkom omoguilo
organizovanje ove Konferencije, to daje doprinos unapreenju nauno-istraivake i
razvojne djelatnosti u oblasti elektrotehnike, mainstva i informatike, na emu im se
organizator Konferencije zahvaljuje.
U ime Organizacionog odbora Konferencije posebno se zahvaljujemo svim doma-
im i stranim autorima, kao i lanovima recezentskog tima na izvrenim recenzijama.

U Banjoj Luci, 20.05.2015. godine Predsjednik organizacionog odbora


Prof. dr Vid Jovievi

xxi
Keynote Lectuers
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

INTEGRATION OF DISTRIBUTED PRODUCTION RESOURCES BY MEANS


OF RT-MIDDLEWARE AND VIRTUAL REALITY

Simo Jokanovic, University of Banja Luka, FME, simo.jokanovic@unibl.rs


Bjrn Solvang, Narvik University College, bjorn.solvang@hin.no
Trygve Thomessen, Trondheim, PPM AS, trygve.thomessen@ppm.no
Gabor Sziebig, Narvik University College, gabor.sziebig@hin.no

Summary:
The paper outlines developing of Virtual Joint Laboratory for Advanced
Information Technology in Production (VALIP) that integrates hardware and
software equipment of three geographically dislocated laboratories. VALIP
consists of virtual and real devices that can collaborate. It can be used for
testing industrial solutions by integrating all participants existing equipment
while compensating not existing by virtual ones. It follows that an application
for managing distributed production resources can be developed in a similar
way.
Virtual copies of stereotypical devices such as robots, machine tools,
conveyors, sensors and embedded systems can communicate between
themselves as well as with their physical counterparts. Thus, virtual device
can imitate or control real device or be a truly virtual thing, like concept or
algorithm that can upgrade capabilities of real device in such a way.
VALIP was built combining RT-Components of OpenRTM-aist middleware
and Cyber Devices of VIRCA application, both being free to use development
environments.
Keywords: Distributed manufacturing, Virtual Reality, Robot technology
middleware, Distributed object communication, Remote control, Interface
definition language, Robotics, CNC, DNC

ACKNOWLEDGMENT
This work has been supported by BANOROB HERD project, funded by the
Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

3
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

Duan Gruden, Ditzingen, gruden@yudit.de

Summary:
For people from ancient times, the world consisted of four elements: air, water,
earth and fire. And, although a modern man knows more than 110 chemical
elements, his activities in the field of environmental protection are concentrated
precisely on these four elements. Further human survival on this planet depends
more and more on how much humans care about these elements and their
existing reserves.
In the early 1970s, after nearly a hundred years of vehicle development,
the vehicles eco-development had started in order to reduce or completely
eliminate the negative impact of vehicles on environment. Environmental
protection and efficient use of the existing reserves of energy sources and raw
materials are in the spotlight of the modern car development for decades and
are deeply instilled in overall development of cars. Life cycle assessment, which
is carried out with increasing precision, will contribute with new knowledge on
possibility for further improvement of the cars environmental characteristics on
its whole journey, from obtaining raw materials for its construction to recycling
of end of life vehicles, from the cradle to the grave.
Keywords: automotive industry, environmental protection, emission
reduction, life cycle assesment

4
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

SCIENCE GENERATOR OF INDUSTRIAL AND OVERALL DEVELOPMENT


OF SERBIA AND REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA

Radivoje Mitrovic, University in Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,


rmitrovic@mas.bg.ac.rs
Milan Tica, University in Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
milan.tica@unibl.rs
Ivana Atanasovska, University in Belgrade, Innovation Center of Faculty of
Mechanical Engineering, iatanasovska @mas.bg.ac.rs
Predrag Popovic, University in Belgrade, Vinca Nuclear Sciences Institute,
Certification Bureau, biro@vin.bg.ac.rs

Summary:
Is there a successful state the progress of which is not based on ever more
numerous and more sophisticated technical achievements? The endurance of
Serbia and Republic of Srpska (B&H) is questionable if their decision-making
systems are based on voluntarism, improvisation and if the most dynamic
development sector is creating of pretense. Sustainable development of Serbia
and the Republic of Srpska is only possible if based on science. The sustainable
development and progress of Serbia and Republic of Srpska is to be founded
on knowledge and on realizing actual scientific achievements. Knowledge
and scientific achievements should be the basis for developing new products
capable of being competitive on the global market.
Keywords: science, (re)industrialization, modernization, strategy, endurance,
sustainable development

5
Production and Computer-Aided
Technologies
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

HEAT EXCHANGERS MATERIALS SELECTION BY USING MCDM


APPROACH

Duan Petkovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni,


dulep@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Milo Madi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni, madic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Goran Radenkovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni,
rgoran@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Predrag ivkovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni,
pzivkovic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Mladen Tomi, The School of Higher Technical Professional Education, Ni,
mladentomic@yahoo.com

Summary:
Materials play an important role in engineering design. Selection of the most
appropriate material involves the study of a large number of factors, such as
thermal, mechanical, electrical, chemical and physical properties as well
as machinability, formability and weldability of available materials. Heat
exchanger is a design part which takes heat from one fluid and passes it to a
second. Selection of the most suitable material for a heat exchanger is a multi-
criteria decision making (MCDM) problem with diverse objectives. This paper
describes the use of recently developed MCDM methods for selecting the most
appropriate material for a heat exchanger. Results revealed that naval brass
UNS C46400 is the most suitable material for this application.
Keywords: Material selection, Heat exchangers, Multi-criteria decision
making

9
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

EUROPEAN TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM FOR FACTORIES OF THE FUTURE

Elvis Hozdi, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering


Ljubljana, Department of Control and Manufacturing Systems,
ehozdic@yahoo.com

Summary:
European industrial sector is facing the challenges of the new, upcoming
Industrial Revolution Industry 4.0. The upcoming revolution stems from
the burgeoning information and communication technology, the Internet
and the multitude of wireless networks that occupied their place in industrial
production. The use of such technology, the Internet and communications
networks has led to the conception of production systems and manufacturing
enterprises through access to digital, virtual and smart factory.
In this paper, the basic principles of the European Technology Platform are
shown by defining the concepts of digital, virtual and smart factory.
Keywords: European Technology platform, digital, virtual and smart factory,
cyber physical production systems

10
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

INFLUENCE OF ALLOYING ELEMENTS ON CAVITATION RESISTANCE OF


QUENCHED AND TEMPERED CARBON STEEL

Marina Dojinovi, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Technology and


Metallurgy, rina@tmf.bg.ac.rs
Milena osi, Tehnikum Taurunum, College of Mechanical Engineering,
cosic.milena@gmail.com

Summary:
In this study the influence of alloying elements on cavitation resistance of
quenched and tempered carbon steel was investigated. The first test included
quenched and tempered carbon steel without alloying elements. The second
test included previous mention steel with alloying elements such as chromium
and molybdenum. Cavitation erosion tests were performed using an ultrasonic
vibratory cavitation test method. Scanning electron microscopy technique was
performed to analyze the morphology of the damaged surfaces and to interpret
the results of the cavitation tests. The results showed that the presence of
alloying elements influence on the reduction of cavitation rate and reduce the
degree of cavitation damage after certain time intervals the effect of cavitation.
Keywords: cavitation, cavitation rate, cavitation damage, alloying elements,
quenched and tempered steels

11
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

MICROSTRUCTURE OF AlSi18CuMg ALLOY PRODUCED BY


RHEOCASTING PROCESS

Milena osi, Tehnikum Taurunum, College of Mechanical Engineering,


cosic.milena@gmail.com
Marina Dojinovi, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Technology and
Metallurgy, rina@tmf.bg.ac.rs

Summary:
In this study the solidification behaviour of AlSi18CuMg-alloy produced by
rheocasting process was investigated. The structure of the rheocast samples
was examined using optical and scanning electron microscopy. In this paper
the relation between fraction of solid and size of the primary Si particles was
also investigated. The metallography of the rheocast sample showed that the
Si particles were uniformly distributed throughout the matrix at 0.3 fraction of
solid. An increase in size of primary Si particles especially for 0.5 fraction of
solid was noticed. The optimum size of primary Si particles was found at low
fraction of solid.
Keywords: Al-Si alloy, rheocasting, solidification microstructure, fraction of
solid

12
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

AN EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF KERF WIDTH IN CO2 LASER


CUTTING OF ALUMINUM ALLOY

Milo Madi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni, madic@masfak.ni.ac.rs


Miroslav Radovanovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni,
mirado@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Sran Mladenovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni,
maki@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Duan Petkovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni,
dulep@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Predrag Jankovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni,
jape@masfak.ni.ac.rs

Summary:
This study presents experimental results regarding kerf width obtained in CO2
laser cutting of aluminum alloy AlMg3. Laser cutting experiment, conducted
according to the full factorial design, where three laser cutting parameters
(laser power, assist gas pressure and cutting speed) were varied at three levels,
provided a set of experimental data for the development of mathematical
model for the prediction of the kerf width. Statistically assessed as adequate, the
developed mathematical model was used for the analysis of interaction effects
of selected laser cutting parameters on the kerf width. It was observed that
assist gas pressure predominantly affects the laser cutting process of aluminum-
magnesium alloy considering kerf width.
Keywords: CO2 laser cutting, aluminum-magnesium alloy, kerf width

13
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ZONE OF DEFORMATION AT MULTI-LAYER MATERIALS

Todic Mladen, University of Banjaluka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,


mladentodic@unibl.rs
Miletic Ostoja, University of Banjaluka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
miletic.ostoja@unibl.rs

Summary:
Modern structures, parts and components for various devices require new
materials that can withstand complex stresses, chemical, and physical activity.
For these materials must be carried out various technological processes of
processing. In addition to production and resistance of these materials to
chemical action, special attention should be paid to the processing technology
to the final mounting position in the structure. Particular attention should escort
them to the intensity of the residual stress and the size of cracks that can lead
to distortion of structural integrity in their application. The paper discusses the
impact: the geometric parameters of the workpiece and the tool, the position
of layers deformation degree and intensity of deformation at the double layer.
Keywords: deformation, multilayer materials, the deformation zone

14
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

PARAMETRIC MODELING OF GEOMETRY SHAPES OF GEAR TEETH BY


USING CAD SOFTWARE

Predrag ivkovi, Faculty technical science, Kosovska Mitrovica,


jomine@sbb.rs.

Summary:
Gears in gear shafting are exposed to high intensity of stress of complex sharing.
Modelling of gear geometry was preceded by analysis of work condition and
analysis of geometric forms and accomplished solutions. Purpose of work was
finding a form gear of minimum size necessary to transfer the given load for
adequate gear ratio. Conditions between size of gear and moment of inertia
were made in function of gear ratio and rotary moment.
For finding an optimal form, we started from Hertzs pressure on flank of
cogs and intensity of stress in bottom. Conditions between size of gear ratio,
module, axis distance, width of gears and intensity of stress on cog flank and
in bottom.
Parametric modelling of gear geometry using CAD software in outlines of
this work should be signification for next two aspects: presents a developed
method for gear and geometry shapes modelling.
Keywords: Gear shafting, gear, parametric modelling

15
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

STONE IN THE WORLD OF ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN


REENGINEERING STONE PROCESSING

Dragana Temeljkovski, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ni,


draganatemeljkovskiarh@gmail.com
Stojane Nusev, Faculty of Technical Sciences in Bitola, University St.
Climent Ohridski, stojance.nusev@tfb.uklo.edu.mk
Dragan Temeljkovski, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ni,
temelj@masfak.ni.ac.rs

Summary:
This paper examines the reengineering of a production process meant to
improve the structure of production, make it more market-oriented, enable
the replacement of old with new products, increase quality and cut costs,
reduce the process execution time, upgrade internal and external relations,
and eliminate redundant activities. Considering the functioning of an energy
storage system, stone has been often used as a material for heat accumulation.
In solar systems with air receivers it is almost exclusively used since it is
adequate as an air heat exchanger, bearing in mind that it consists of stone
pieces whose total contact surface is large. The proposed actions also include
the redesign of the composition, production configuration, and modification of
technological processes in stone processing which can be implemented with
modern investments achieving significant improvements concerning the flow
of raw materials, avoiding production bottlenecks, improving quality alongside
relevant cuts in the labour costs. The proposed reengineering activities also
take into consideration the protection of the environment by reducing energy
and waste material, and improving working conditions.
Keywords: Reengineering, Stone processing, Energy storage, Solar systems

16
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

LIMITATIONS OF PHYSICAL TRIBO-MODELING IN METAL FORMING


PROCESSES

Milentije Stefanovi, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac,


stefan@kg.ac.rs
Dragan Adamovi, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac,
adam@kg.ac.rs
Zvonko Guliija, ITNMS, Beograd, zgulisija@itnms.ac.rs
Srbislav Aleksandrovi, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac,
srba@kg.ac.rs
Vesna Mandi, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac, mandic@
kg.ac.rs
Milan Milovanovi, Zastava Car Industry, siljakg@sbb.rs

Summary:
The significance of contact friction in metal forming processes is very known.
The general approach in this area involves the recognition of the influence of
the main tribological parameters - pressure, speed and temperature in metal
forming. The developed methods are very different for physical modelling
of tribological phenomena and influence in a very specific types of metal
forming. These methods basically have the appropriate physical model which
imitates local area or a complete work piece in metal forming. The indicators of
models can be very different: the deformation forces, forming limit parameters,
coefficient of friction, temperature distribution, etc. This paper analyzes
the physical models in cold metal forming processes, according to their
characteristics and limitations.
Keywords: Metal forming, friction, tribo model, cold forging

17
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

IMPROVEMENT OF THE PROPERTIES OF GROUND TIRE RUBBER BY


MECHANOCHEMICAL MODIFICATION AND APPLICATION IN SRB/NR
BLENDS

Petar S. eki, College of Applied Technical Sciences, Ni,


djekicpetar@yahoo.com
Goran Radenkovi, Faculty of mechanical engineering, Ni,
rgoran@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Biljana Milutinovi, College of Applied Technical Sciences, Ni,
bimilutinovic@gmail.com

Summary:
Today, environmental pollution and the reduction of living space and
natural resources are among the biggest problems. Waste rubber products,
especially waste tires, are virtually indestructible and are a major problem for
the environment and human health when disposed of in landfills. It should
be mentioned that 1 t of passenger car tire occupies at least 6 m3 of space.
Despite many recycling processes which are in accordance with sustainable
development, tires still represent a major problem. One way to overcome this
problem is to use the recycled rubber powder in new products. The solution
lies in the modification of the surface of particles of ground tire rubber and its
usage in virgin blends. This paper presents the impact of mechanochemical
modification on the particle surface and its effect on the properties of rubber
compounds.
Keywords: Ground tire rubber, surface, mechanochemical modification,
mechanical properties

18
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF PRESSURE VESSELS APPLICATION OF


SolidWorks

Vujadin Aleksi, Mining Engineer, IWE, IMS Institute, Belgrade,


vujadin.aleksic@institutims.rs
Bojana Aleksi, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Belgrade,
b_aleksic@hotmail.com
Dejan Momilovi, IWE, IMS Institute, Belgrade,
dejan.momcilovic@institutims.rs
Ljubica Milovi, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, Belgrade,
acibulj@tmf.bg.ac.rs
Aleksandar Sedmak, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade,
asedmak@mas.bg.ac.rs

Summary:
This paper describes application of parametric software for drawing and
modelling on testing of pressure vessels. The used software, SolidWorks, is
used to demonstrate all phases of testing: preparation of non-destructive testing
(NDT) and report generation regarding test results.
Keywords: SolidWorks, pressure vessel, non-destructive testing (NDT)

19
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

COST ESTIMATION AS ASPECT OF DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURING-DfM

Dejan Luki, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Science,


lukicd@uns.ac.rs
Velimir Todi, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Science,
todvel@uns.ac.rs
Mijodrag Miloevi, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Science,
mido@uns.ac.rs
Goran Jovii, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Science, goran.
jovicic@uns.ac.rs
Jovan Vukman, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Science,
vukman@uns.ac.rs
Mia urev, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Science,
mdjurdjev@live.com

Summary:
In the product lifecycle central place occupies product development within
which product quality is generated, as well as the largest number of errors that
need to be removed at the earliest possible stage of its development. Production
cost represents one of the basic benchmarks of developed product design. Cost
estimation is usually carried out in the initial stages, and cost calculation in
later ones. The aim of this paper is to represent product cost estimation as
fundamental aspect within Design for Manufacturing-DfM.
Keywords: Design for Manufacturing - DfM, Cost estimation, Methodologies

20
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

APPLICATION OF MULTI-AGENT SYSTEMS WITHIN THE CONCEPT OF


DISTRIBUTED INTELLIGENT PRODUCTION

Goran Jovii, Faculty of Technical Science, DPE, Novi Sad,


goran.jovicic@uns.ac.rs
Mijodrag Miloevi, Faculty of Technical Science, DPE, Novi Sad,
mido@uns.ac.rs
Dejan Luki, Faculty of Technical Science, DPE, Novi Sad, lukicd@uns.ac.rs
Jovan Vukman, Faculty of Technical Science, DPE, Novi Sad, vukman@uns.ac.rs
Mia urev, Faculty of Technical Science, DPE, Novi Sad, mdjurdjev@live.com

Summary:
Global competition and rapidly changing customer requirements are forcing
major changes in the production styles and manufacturing strategies. Further,
traditional, centralized and sequential mechanisms for process planning are
insufficient to successfully respond to changing production styles and small
volume production. Agent technologies are technologies that can meet this
demands and possess characteristics that are used for the development and
implementation of efficient distributed intelligent manufacturing systems.
Within this paper will be displayed the agent technology, traditional
manufacturing systems, intelligent manufacturing systems, as well as their
differences, and manufacturing system based on multi-agent technology.
Keywords: Multi-agent systems, intelligent manufacturing, distributed
manufacturing, intelligent manufacturing systems, distributed manufacturing
systems

21
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

POSSIBILITY OF APPLICATION OF THE INTELLIGENT AGENT-BASED


SYSTEM IN THE WOOD INDUSTRY

Aleksandar Vujovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Podgorica, aleksv@ac.me


Zdravko Krivokapi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Podgorica,
zdravkok@ac.me
Jelena Jovanovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Podgorica,
sjelena@t-com.me
Gordan Kijanovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Podgorica, stvl@t-com.me

Summary:
The application of intelligent systems in production represents an inevitability
aimed to ensure competitiveness in the global market and achievement of a high
level of flexibility of production systems for the needs of constant adaptation of
changes. As one of the most frequently applied forms of intelligent systems are
agent-based systems whose application provide significant savings in material
and time through optimization activities in a single production system. As a
prerequisite for the successful application of these systems is considered to be
qualitatively conducted stage recording and analysis of the starting situation
and defining opportunities for the application of intelligent systems. The
aspiration of authors of this paper is to show the importance of the application
of agent-based systems and the possibility of their application in the industry.
Keywords: intelligent systems, agent, production system

22
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

DEVELOPING PROFILES FROM WOOD-PLASTIC COMPOSITES

Milan ljivi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Banja Luka,


milan.sljivic@unibl.rs
Nenad Grujovi, Faculty of Engineering Science, University of Kragujevac,
gruja@kg.ac.rs
Ana Pavlovi, Department of Industrial Engineering at the University of
Bologna, ana.pavlovic@inibo.it
Cristiano Fragassa, Department of Industrial Engineering, University of
Bologna, cristiano.fragassa@inibo.it
Jovica Ili, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Banja Luka,
ilicjovica@yahoo.com
Mirko Topi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Banja Luka,
mirko.topic@yahoo.com

Summary:
Due to the possibility of application of wood-plastic composites (WPC) as
an optimal outdoor material stable to weather conditions, influencing factors
were studied in order to improve the technological process. The properties of
basic materials used for the production of WPC are discussed. A brief overview
of production technologies used in making WPC profiles with a special
emphasis on technology of creating a profile by extrusion is also presented. In
addition, prototyping of optimized profiles using the Additive Manufacturing
Technologies is given. Profiles are designed in the CAD program as well as
simulation of load and bearing capacity of WPC profiles and optimization of
starting profiles according to functional requirements.
Keywords: wood-plastic composite, Additive Manufacturing Technology,
profile, simulation, optimization

23
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

MOVEMENT AND MOVING SPEED EDGE OF THE CORNICE CIRCLES


BLANK OF THE WORKPIECE IN DEEP DRAWING

Said Paali, Faculty of Technical Engineering in Bihac, said.pasalic@live.com


Milan Jurkovi, Faculty of Technical Engineering in Bihac,
mi.jurkovic@gmail.com
Mladen Todi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Banja Luka,
mladentodic@unibl.rs

Summary:
Deep drawing is a very important process and it is often used in the metal
industry- especially in the automobile industry. Because of that, scientific
researches in the field of deep drawing of sheet metal are important which aim
for a higher stability of the process, a better product quality, productivity, and to
be more economical. What is important in the processs planning is the choice
of optimum values of variable parameters. It is also important to control the
deep drawing process in the optimum area of the process. One of the methods
in controlling the process is the control of the movement value and the moving
speed of the washers shroud edge towards the dies cavity.
Keywords: deep drawing, working stroke, variable radius, work pieces shroud
edge, bending angle, etalon curve, movement

24
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

PREDICTION OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS USING REGRESSION AND ANN


MODELS IN CO2 LASER CUTTING OF MILD STEEL

Milo Madi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni, madic@masfak.ni.ac.rs


Miroslav Radovanovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni,
mirado@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Duan Petkovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni,
dulep@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Predrag Jankovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni,
jape@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Milo Miloevi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni,
mmilos@masfak.ni.ac.rs

Summary:
In this paper, linear and quadratic regression models and artificial neural
network model were developed to predict surface roughness for different values
of cutting speed, laser power and assist gas pressure in CO2 laser cutting of mild
steel. For the purpose of laser cutting experimentation Taguchis L25 orthogonal
array was used arranging three factors at five levels. Surface roughness predicted
values by both models were compared with the experimental values. The
artificial neural network model was found to be capable of better predictions.
Keywords: CO2 laser cutting, regression analysis, artificial neural networks,
modeling

25
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

HARDOX 450 ATTACHMENT ASSESSMENT OF WELDABILITY

Dragoslav Dobra, Mainski fakultet Univezriteta u Banja Luci,


dragoslav.dobras@unibl.rs
Nenad Bukejlovi, Metalna industrija Prijedor, nenad.bukejlovic@gmail.com

Summary:
HARDOX 450 - steel extremely high strength, increased hardness on the surface
and good toughness in the core. Because of the different chemical composition
and mechanical properties of various materials per section, this material is
specific to welding. The analysis of received additional materials and processes
for welding of steel, used in the environment, there is a different application of
additional materials, procedures and techniques zavarvianja. Through the work
we analyze the weldability of steel HARDOX 450 using the MAG welding
procedure with the use of filler metal label EC-SG2 and the shielding gas Ar/
CO2 as 82/18.
Keywords: Hardox 450, weldability, MAG procedure, EZ-S2, mix gas

26
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

SPECIFICS OF THE TRAINIG AND CERTIFICATION OF WELDERS FOR


ALUMINOTHERMIC WELDING PROCESS

Dragoslav Dobra, Mainski fakultet Univezriteta u Banja Luci,


dragoslav.dobras@unbl.rs
Ismar Hajro, Mainski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu, hajro@mef.unsa.ba

Summary:
Aluminothermic welding is a specific procedure of merging parts of greater
thickness of the carbon and low alloy steels. The procedure most common
applications has in welding rails and support elements of structures in a
mounting position. To perform the welding procedure requires a special
auxiliary equipment and apparatus. Training and certification of welders
for procedures connecting the melting is defined by ISO, EN and national
standards. The manner and extent of the training and certification of welders in
the area aluminothermy welding rails for railways is defined group of standards
EN 13674 and EN 14730. As in BiH standards in this area have not been
implemented, but only internal guidelines, the paper provides an overview
of standard requests to the training and certification of welders for welding
aluminotermic.
Keywords: aluminothermic welding, welder, training, certification

27
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

OIL CLEANLINESS CLASS INFLUENCE ON WEAR INTENSITY OF PISTON-


CYLINDER CONTACT PAIR INSIDE OF HYDRAULIC DISTRIBUTIONAL
VALVE

Velibor Karanovi, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of technical sciences,


velja_82@uns.ac.rs
Mitar Jocanovi, Faculty of technical sciences, Novi Sad, mitarj@uns.ac.rs
Saa Lalo, Faculty of mechanical engineering, Banja Luka, sasa.lalos@unibl.rs
Bojan Kneevi, Faculty of mechanical engineering, Banja Luka,
bojan.knez@unibl.rs

Summary:
Based on the assumption that the system has been correctly designed and
built according to appropriate components assembling procedures, as well as
that it has been operated in accordance with its designed possibilities, we can
conclude that reasons for the system failure can be and mostly are gradual
degradation processes. These processes are result of the wear mechanisms,
fatigue of material or contamination and depletion of working fluid during the
system exploitation. Professional publications state that about 80% of system
failures result from problems with working fluid in respect of its contamination.
The subject paper presents experimental results regarding effects of different
cleanliness levels of working fluid (contaminated with solid particles), upon
the wear intensity of the piston cylinder contact pair in classical directional
valve.
Keywords: hydraulic oil contamination, wear, diagnostics, maintenance

28
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

CUTTING FORCE PREDICTION BY MILLING GRADED MATERIAL

Tomaz Irgolic, University of Maribor, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,


tomaz.irgolic@um.si
Franc Cus, University of Maribor, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
franc.cus@um.si
Janez Kopa, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
janez.kopac@fs.uni-lj.si

Summary:
This paper shows the general properties of laser cladding that have recently
added new possibilities for the local surface repairing of metal mechanical
elements. Despite the fact that the technology for laser cladding is highly
developed any obtained surface roughness cannot not be predicted and usually
additional grinding or milling process are needed to obtain the required surface
roughness. Bad surface roughness is undesirable and additional machining is
needed for improving surface quality. Milling was chosen in order to improve
roughness. The basic idea of the research was to measure the cutting forces
under different cutting conditions and produce a model that would be able
to predict cutting forces by milling layers of functionally graded material at
different cutting parameters. The first basic prediction model was obtained by
measuring the cutting forces in the three main directions of the coordinate
system by milling clad layer and changing the cutting parameters.
Keywords: Milling, Functionally-Graded Material, Laser Cladding, Artificial
Neural Network

29
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

INFLUENCE OF BLANK HOLDER STIFFNESS ON PART SURFACE QUALITY


IN DEEP DRAWING PROCESS

Ranko Radonjic, University of Stuttgart, Institute for Metal Forming


Technology, ranko.radonjic@ifu.uni-stuttgart.de
Mathias Liewald, University of Stuttgart, Institute for Metal Forming
Technology, mathias.liewald@ifu.uni-stuttgart.de
Fei Han, University of Stuttgart, Institute for Metal Forming Technology,
fei.han@ifu.uni-stuttgart.de

Summary:
Deep drawing of sheet metal components having complex geometry leads to
increased tendency on cracks and wrinkle formation as well as large elastic
recovery after unloading. Due to that, required part quality in many cases in
industry does not reach given specifications originating from body shops of
today. Objecting the goal of increasing part dimension and surface quality
by adjusting the local blank holder stiffness, simulative and experimental
investigations for a car fender geometry in this paper were accomplished.
The blank holder in this case consists of a cover plate which is supported by
numerous appropriate supporting cones made of steel. Components of the
blank holder then were meshed by solid elements and considered as elastic
bodies in FEA. Deep drawing process was simulated by using LS-Dyna code
subsequently. Stiffness of the blank holder plate as well as pressure distribution
during deep drawing was optimized by variation of compression elasticity
and order of the supporting cones surrounding deep drawing out line of tool.
Simulation and experimental results showed that wrinkles of the second order,
crack tendency as well as elastic recovery in deep drawing process can be
significantly reduced. Main key points of experience gained in this field are
included in this paper.
Keywords: deep drawing, wrinkles, cracks, springback, blank holder

30
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

PROBLEMS OF CLAMPING FIXTURES COMPLIANCE DURING THE


MACHINING OF THE WORKPIECE ON THE MULTI-AXIAL MILLING
MACHINE TOOL

Bekir Novkini, Banja Luka, Ministry of Defense, bekir_novkinic@hotmail.com,


Vladimir Koovi, Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering Science,
kocovic49@gmail.com,
Marija Jeremi, Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering Science,
marija.jeremic@kg.ac.rs,
Dragomir Milju, Metalno D..., Niki, metalik@t-com.me

Summary:
During the machining of complex shape workpieces with asymmetrical surfaces,
the accuracy of measures is often conditioned by the compliance of fixture for
positioning and clamping the workpiece. This paper deals with the real problem
of clamping fixtures compliance during the machining of complex geometry
workpiece on the multi-axial milling machine tool. Accuracy measures and
quality of processed surfaces depend, to a large extent, on the compliance
of fixture for positioning and clamping the workpiece and the stiffness of the
machine tool system. In this paper, the methodology of analysis of fixtures
from the aspect of compliance and results of measurement and calculation of
displacement and vibrations of the workpiece during the machining process,
is going to be presented. On the basis of analysis and measurement results,
zones, elements and fixture sub-assemblies of relatively large compliance are
determined. In order to reduce compliance, that is, increase of the stiffness of
fixtures and raising the level of stability processes, the proposal of measures
that tool reconstruction should include, is presented.
Keywords: fixtures, compliance, cutting tool, multi-axis machining, vibration,
displacement, stiffness

31
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

MODAL ANALYSIS OF A HORIZONTAL MACHINING CENTER

Aleksandar Koarac, University of East Sarajevo, Faculty for Mechanical


Engineering East Sarajevo, akosarac@gmail.com
Milan Zeljkovi, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi
Sad, milanz@uns.ac.rs
Cvijetin Mlaenovi, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences,
Novi Sad, mladja@uns.ac.rs
Aleksandar ivkovi, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences,
Novi Sad, acoz@uns.ac.rs

Summary:
Dynamics characteristics of machine tools, especially modal parameters, have
significant influence on the cutting process and cutting accuracy. This paper
shows research of dynamic behaviour and determination of modal parameter
of horizontal milling centres. For this purposes 3D CAD model of horizontal
milling centre has been created using CATIA software, and modal analysis
(natural frequencies and mode shapes of the machine tool structure) has been
conducted by ANSYS Workbench and APDL. Results gained by FEM modal
analysis are validate by experimental modal analysis. Modal parameters
obtained experimentally and by FEM are compared, and results shows
satisfactory matching.

Keywords: Modal analysis, Machine tools, Finite element method

32
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR STIFFNESS DETERMINATION OF BALL


BEARINGS WITH ANGULAR CONTACT

Aleksandar Zivkovic, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of technical sciences,


acoz@uns.ac.rs
Milan Zeljkovic, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of technical sciences,
milanz@uns.ac.rs
Cvijetin Mladjenovic, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of technical sciences,
mladja@uns.ac.rs

Summary:
This paper presents analytical mathematical model for determination of the
axial stiffness of ball bearings with angular contact. The first part of paper
presents a model that consider the changes in stiffness, bearing contact angle
and contact load depending on axial loads, while not taking into account the
effecsts of the inertial forces. The second part of the paper presents a model
based on John-Harriss quasistatic equilibrium equations and Hertzs contact
theory. This model takes into account the inertial forces (centrifugal force and
gyroscopic moment), non-stationary changes of contact load, angle of contact
and bearing stiffness depending on the position of rolling bodies and axial
load. Finally the developed models are compared with the Palmgrens model
and numerical bearing model defined by finite element method. Based on a
comprehensive analysis of the results it was concluded that at lower RPM the
inertial forces do not have a significant impact on the axial stiffness, while at
higher RPM has a significant effect on the axial stiffness.
Keywords: Ball bearing, Bearing stiffness, Mathematical model, Static analysis

33
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

SPECIFICS OF THE DESIGN FOR CNC PLASMA CUTTING

Bogdan Nedi, Faculty of engineering University of Kragujevac, nedic@kg.ac.rs


Marko Jankovi, Yugoimport SDPR, Belgrade, marko_grosnica@yahoo.com
Milan Eri, Faculty of engineering University of Kragujevac, ericm@kg.ac.rs
Gordana G. Laki, Faculty of mechanical engineering, Banja Luka,
gordana.globocki@gmail.com
Branislav Sredanovi, Faculty of mechanical engineering, Banja Luka,
sredanovic@gmail.com

Summary:
This paper presents software which is used for new product development,
planning, and realization of production in CNC plasma cutting. This software
is described through the CAD, CAE, CAPP, and CAM systems. The paper
analyzes the possibilities of the software systems, their communication, the
selection of appropriate software, with the emphasis on modules and problems
characteristic of the plasma cutting industry. Their use enables CNC cutting,
whereby a number of presented advantages and novelties are implemented in
the industry, compared to traditional plasma cutting.
Keywords: plasma cutting, CAD, CAM, CAE, CAPP

34
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

THE IMPACT OF TOOL DESIGN ON PHARMACEUTICAL BLISTER


PACKAGING

ivko Babi, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,


zivkobabic@unibl.rs
Rodoljub Lekani, Hemofarm, d.o.o., Banja Luka,
rodoljub.lekanic@hemofarm.com

Summary:
Blister packaging machines are used in pharmaceutical industries for packing
of medicinal preparations in tablets. It was determined that the design of
tools for PVC film thermoforming and aluminum foil welding influences the
process stability and the occurrence of errors and delays. This paper presents
an analysis of the causes of wrought and struck tablets. The improvement of
tool design prevents the occurrence of errors and delays.
Keywords: tool design, thermoforming, blister packaging

35
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

CONFIGURING A VIRTUAL DESKTOP 5-AXIS MACHINE TOOL FOR


MACHINE SIMULATION

Saa ivanovi, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,


szivanovic@mas.bg.ac.rs
Branko Kokotovi, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
bkokotovic@mas.bg.ac.rs

Summary:
This paper discusses the possibilities of application machine simulation and
verification of the program before machining. Process of virtual machine
configuring for machine simulation in CAD/CAM and VeriCUT environment is
shown. Configured virtual prototypes are used for the verification of tool path
as part of the off-line programming system, using machine simulation in the
CAD/CAM environment. Verification of machining program, in G code, using
machine simulation in the solid cutting simulation software VERICUT, are also
described on examples.
Keywords: CAD/CAM, machine simulation, virtual prototype

36
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

DEDUSTING OF DUST POLYURETHANE IN THE PROCESS OF


PRODUCTION ORTHOPEDIC AIDS

Mario Moi, Banja Luka, mario23mocic@gmail.com


Sanja Dobrnjac, Projekt a.d., Banja Luka, sanjadob@gmail.com

Summary:
The traditional way of production of orthopedic devices are increasingly giving
way to their place to modern methods, in which the main role of man takes
technology. In this way, get a lot of quality orthopedic devices, with drastically
shorter development, cheaper, and which is very important, much more
comfortable for patients. In the manufacture of molds for therapeutic products,
automated processing is performed of polyurethane, using special tools to the
robot, wherein the polyurethane generates a large amount of dust. This dust
except that harm the environment, affects the process itself and build quality
orthopedic devices. The paper presents the design and manufacture of dust
arrester, with the aim to achieve a functional, efficient and safe solution that
will meet all the requirements of the user, all the requirements of equipment
manufacturers for making supplies as well as all safety and regulations on
environmental protection. Special attention was given to the automation of the
process of dusting.
Keywords: orthopedic aids, environment, dusting, efficiency, security,
automation

37
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

STRESS-STRAIN STATE IN PROFILING ANISOTROPIC STRIPS

Ostoja Miletic, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,


miletic.ostoja@unibl.rs
Mladen Todic, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
mladentodic@unibl.rs

Summary:
Profiling with reinforcement material leads to greater deformation of compression
zone than the deformation zone stretching causing greater movement of radius
neutral stress () than the movement radius neutral strain (e), otherwise to
disturb instability processes. On the curve of neutral stress layer radial stress
takes on the maximum value (max). Moving neutral layer deformation causes
thinning of the wall thickness profile. Character anisotropy material shows no
significant impact on the movement of the layers of neutral profile.
Keywords: voltage, strain, stress neutral layer, anisotropy

38
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

COST OPTIMIZATION OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING IN WOOD


INDUSTRY

Nenad Grujovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,


gruja@kg.ac.rs,
Miroslav ivkovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
zile@kg.ac.rs,
Fatima ivi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, zivic@kg.ac.rs,
Andreja Radovanovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
andreja.radovanovic@gmail.com,
Milo Mladenovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
milosmladenovic007@gmail.com
Milan ljivi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Banja Luka,
milan.sljivic@unibl.rs

Summary:
Software packages for 3D design and additive manufacturing (AM)
technologies, initially known as rapid prototyping (RP) have emerged during
the last years, as a cutting edge solutions for custom prototyping. These new
tools and technologies lower the design costs, but also allow rapid creation
of fully functional components. This paper describes the FDM and 3DP rapid
prototyping technologies that were used to create elements and tools in the
wood industry field. Total costs of manufacturing related to the fabrication of
sample elements and tools are analyzed. One of the main recognised issues of
wider application of rapid prototyping technologies is their still very high costs
related to all production aspects, starting with a lack of available materials,
material cost, up to high cost of available commercial equipment, usually
focused only on specific solutions and limited range of materials. Generally, AM
costs can be divided into the group of fixed costs and variable ones. This paper
deals with the optimization of the production costs of fabricated elements in
case of small scale production, and optimization of variable costs (processing
and post-processing, costs of enforcement, and material costs).
Keywords: Additive manufacturing, Wood industry, Custom prototyping

39
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

WEAR OF ZA27/10SIC/1GR HYBRID COMPOSITE

Nenad Miloradovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,


mnenad@kg.ac.rs
Slobodan Mitrovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, boban@
kg.ac.rs
Blaa Stojanovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, blaza@
kg.ac.rs

Summary:
Metal matrix composites are extensively researched due to their potential
advantages over monolithic alloys. The paper presents the wear characteristics
of a hybrid composite based on zinc-aluminium ZA27 alloy, reinforced with
silicon-carbide (SiC) and graphite (Gr) particles. The tested sample contains
10 vol.% of SiC and 1 vol.% Gr particles. The experiments on the ZA27/
SiC/Gr composite were performed on a computer supported tribometer with
block-on-disc contact geometry under conditions of dry sliding. The paper
contains the procedure for preparation of sample composites and presents the
microstructure of the composite material and the base ZA27 alloy observed
by metallurgy microscope. The wear behaviour of the alloy and the composite
were determined under different test conditions, by varying normal loads and
sliding speeds.
Keywords: ZA27 alloy, hybrid composite, wear

40
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

MODELLING OF TOOL WEAR IN TURNING OF BEARING STEEL USING


CARBIDE TOOL AND HPJAM TECHNIQUE

Branislav Sredanovi, University of Banjaluka, Faculty of Mech. Engineering,


sredanovic@gmail.com
Gordana Globoki - Laki, Univ. of Banjaluka, Faculty of Mech. Eng.,
gordana.globocki@gmail.com
Davorin Kramar, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mech. Engineering,
davorin.kramar@uni-lj.fs.si
Janez Kopa, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mech. Engineering, janez.
kopac@uni-lj.fs.si

Summary:
This paper presents the research and analysis of tool wear in turning of hardened
bearing steel 100Cr6 using carbide tools. Machining of the mentioned steel is
almost impossible using standard machining conditions and uses of carbide
cutting tools. In this study, cutting process is carried out using HPJAM dosing
technique in which a jet of cooling and lubrication fluid, under high pressure
(50 MPa), leads to the zone between the cutting tool edge and workpiece.
Experimental measurements were performed for different input process
parameters. Process of cutting tool wear is analyzed by monitoring of width of
flank wear on carbide tool inserts.
Keywords: tool wear, HPJAM, modelling

41
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

THE STRUCTURE-PROPERTIES CORRELATION OF NICKEL BASED


SUPEREALLOYS IN DESIGNING THE TECHNOLOGY FOR TURBINE
BLADES PROCESSING

Zvnoko Guliija, Institute for Technology of Nuclear and other Mineral Raw
Materials, Belgrade, z.gulisija@itnms.ac.rs
Marija Mihailovi, Institute for Technology of Nuclear and other Mineral Raw
Materials, Belgrade, m.mihailovic@itnms.ac.rs
Aleksandra Patari, Institute for Technology of Nuclear and other Mineral
Raw Materials, Belgrade, a.pataric@itnms.ac.rs

Summary:
In order to develop technology for production of nickel based superalloys
by vacuum precise casting the extensive investigations have been done.
Considering that these castings, namely turbine blades, are to be working in
demanding conditions, it is necessary to fulfill high microstructure criteria and
mechanical properties. For accomplishing the required quality, casting and
solidification parameters should be under control. Complete quantitative and
qualitative characterization of blades obtained by vacuum precise casting in
ceramic mold was investigated. Present phase identification and measurement
of structure parameters have been done because they are relevant for blades
behaviour in operating conditions. In this way the correlation technology-
structure-properties was defined.
Keywords: Ni-superalloys, vacuum precise casting, microstructure, turbine
blades

42
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

DESIGNING THE HIGH QUALITY AL-ALLOYS OBTAINED WITH


ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD FOR HOT FORGING PROCESS

Zvonko Guliija, Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw
Materials, Belgrade, z.gulisija@itnms.ac.rs
Aleksandra Patari, Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral
Raw Materials, Belgrade, a.pataric@itnms.ac.rs
Marija Mihailovi, Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Mineral Raw
Materials, Belgrade, m.mihailovic@itnms.ac.rs
Milentije Stefanovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
stefan@kg.ac.rs

Summary:
A way to obtain the better quality of EN AW 7075 aluminum high-strength
alloy by application of electromagnetic field (EMF) during the casting process
is presented in this work. In this way, the uniform fine-grained microstructure,
and hence the better mechanical properties of the alloy can be achieved. The
microstructure and mechanical characterization for samples obtained with and
without EMF were performed. The application of numerical simulation for hot
forging process, using appropriate software, is efficient and highly useful tool
for problem prediction in industrial production, reducing the time and costs in
the process of development of new products. The input data of high strength Al-
alloy EN AW-7075 is used for simulation because it enables the development
of parts with complex dimensions and shape.
Keywords: electromagnetic field, Al-alloy, forging process, numerical
simulation

43
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ARMOURED STEEL PLATE OF NEW GENERATION

Jure Berneti, ACRONI d.o.o., Jesenice, jure.bernetic@acroni.si


Gorazd Kosec, ACRONI d.o.o., Jesenice, gorazd.kosec@acroni.si
Matja Mareti, ACRONI d.o.o., Jesenice, matjaz.marcetic@acroni.si
Borut Kosec, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering, Ljubljana,
borut.kosec@omm.ntf.uni-lj.si
Ale Nagode, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering, Ljubljana,
ales.nagode@omm.ntf.uni-lj.si
Mirko Goji, Faculty of Metallurgy, Sisak, mgojic@simet.hr
Zijah Burzi, Military Institute VTI, Belgrade, zijah_burzic@vektor.net

Summary:
Co-workers of the biggest Slovenian steelwork Acroni d.o.o. in cooperation
with domestic and foreign institutions of knowledge have been designing and
developing a new generation of high quality low alloy (HSLA) steel PROTAC
500 in the form of plate for the armour protection. Steel PROTAC 500 represents
a world-class product. Its primary purpose is to protect the lives and property.
It has excellent mechanical properties, including standard technological
characteristics, such as good tensile properties, excellent impact strength at
low temperatures, hardness and deflection as well as ballistic testing where the
PROTAC 500 armoured plate is made according to the NATO standards as it
has lower required thickness of protection in comparison to the competition.
Keywords: Steel, Plate, Armour protection, ASB Adiabatic shear band

44
Energetics
and Thermal Engineering
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

NUMERICAL SOLUTION OF MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR FLUID FLOW


AND HEAT TRANSFER PROCESSES IN PLATE EXCHANGER BASE ON
STREAMLINE VORTEX METHOD

Cvete Dimitrieska, Faculty of Technical Sciences Bitola,


cvete.stefanovska@tfb.uklo.edu.mk
Igor Andreevski, Faculty of Technical Sciences Bitola,
igor.andreevski@tfb.uklo.edu.mk,
Sanja P. Vasilevska, Faculty of Technical Sciences Bitola, pvsanja@yahoo.com,
Sevde Stavreva, Faculty of Technical Sciences Bitola,
stavrevasevde@gmail.com

Summary:
Analytical solution of system equations which defined fluid flow and heat
transfer processes, are elliptical and parabolic differential equations, based on
initial and boundary conditions is unusual familiar in closed form. Numerical
solution of equation system is necessary by discretization of equations.
When system of equations relate with engineering problems, especially
for estimation of two dimensional stationary problems, manage method for
estimation of elliptical differential equations, with Poisson formulation for
streamline vortex , , in base two dimensional form is recommended.
Keywords: fluid flow, heat transfer, mathematical model, vortex, streamline,
numerical solution

47
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF HEAT FLUX AT THE PANEL HEATING


SYSTEMS

Dragan Cvetkovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,


dragan_cw8202@yahoo.com
Milorad Boji, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac
Dragan Taranovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac
Jasmina Skerli, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac

Summary:
This paper aims to conduct the experimental research of heat flux of panel
heating systems. Also, the aim of paper is to examine the performance of the
newly developed concept floor-ceiling heating. The study was conducted in
the laboratory condition in the cooling test chamber that has the ability to work
at temperatures lower than 0C. As output parameters were used: electricity
consumption for operating the heating panel and the indoor temperature of test
model. Test model was investigated at the Faculty of Engineering at Kragujevac.
Also, this research is part of the project Development of net-zero energy
houses.
Keywords: panel heating, floor-ceiling heating, heat flux, experimental

48
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS AND POTENTIAL FOR RETROFIT BY USING


GREEN VEGETATED ROOFS

Dragana Dimitrijevi, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,


dragana.dimitrijevic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Mladen Tomi, College of Applied Technical Sciences Ni,
tomicmladen@yahoo.com
Predrag ivkovi, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
pzivkovic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Mladen Stojiljkovi, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
mladens@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Mirko Dobrnjac, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
dobrnjac.mirko@gmail.com

Summary:
Green roof strategy is one of the sustainable practices that not only provides
thermal comfort for occupants but also reduces energy consumption of
buildings as well as add aesthetic values to the environment. Over the years,
there has been a substantial development in designing and constructing
vegetated building envelope. Green roofs provide environmental benefits by
protecting buildings against solar radiation and temperature fluctuations and
by reducing buildings energy consumption by direct shading. As most of the
existing buildings in Serbia were built before building regulations that require
higher levels of insulation, it is older, non-insulated buildings that will benefit
most from green roof retrofit. This article reviews the current literature and
compares findings, based on the type of the green roof and climate, to consider
the potential building energy benefits of green roofs, and the acceptability of
implementation on a wider scale in Serbia, on the basis of real economical
application.
Keywords: green roof, retrofit, insulation, temperature fluctuations, energy
performances

49
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ENTERING AIR STATE INFLUENCE ON THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF


HYPERBOLIC COOLING TOWER

Filip Mojsovski, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Skopje,


filip.mojsovski@mf.edu.mk

Summary:
Cooling towers overcome the problem of water supply for thermal power
stations in the regions without enough cooling water from natural sources.
The thermal capability of cooling tower is conditioned by three parameters: 1.
cooling tower range (the temperature difference between the water entering
and leaving the cooling tower), 2. entering air state and 3. water flow rate.
One of these parameters, the entering air state, cant be exactly estimated, it
can only be predicted. The basic available solution is to follow the behavior
of atmospheric air with the use of climatic curves. Seeking assurance that a
cooling tower correctly performs the specified thermal performance, a three
step methodology was used for evaluation of cooling tower performance:
1. evaluation of thermal performance at design conditions, 2. evaluation
of tolerance between the design thermal performance and the thermal
performance at acceptance test and 3. evaluation of thermal performance at
changeable climatic conditions. Its realization is followed through the example
of the cooling tower located at the thermal power station in Bitola. Air wet-
bulb temperature influence on thermal cooling performance is emphasized.
The use of climatic curves is proposed for air state predicting.
Keywords: cooling tower, climatic curves, wet-bulb temperature

50
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

RECURRENT NEURAL NETWORK SHORT-TERM PREDICTION OF


DISTRICT HEATING SYSTEM IN TRANSIENT REGIMES

Milo Simonovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni,


misa.simonovic@gmail.com
Vlastimir Nikoli, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni,
vnikolic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Ivan iri, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni, ciric.ivan@gmail.com
Emina Petrovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni, emilli85@gmail.com

Summary:
District heating companies have growing and significant need for improving
economic and energy efficiency. Also, they have a challenge to keep the cost of
produced and delivered heating energy as lower as possible. That is why it is very
important to optimize production of heating energy using better prediction and
control of customer needs. In this paper, the focus is on short-term prediction.
Real historical data are used from city of Nis, south-eastern Serbia, heating plant
Krivi vir, 128 MW installed power. This prediction is particularly important
for heating in transient regimes which unlike the standard heating regime
does not have continuous supply of heating energy throughout the specified
heating time period. An application of neural networks is realized based on
original historical data of heating source by using recurrent neural network to
fulfill demands on variation in ambient temperature during a heating day and
satisfied results are obtained.
Keywords: district heating system, recurrent neural network, short-term
prediction, energy efficiency

51
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

A NUMERICAL STUDY OF PERFORATED PLATE LOCAL HEAT TRANSFER


COEFFICIENT

Mladen Tomi, College of Applied Technical Sciences in Ni,


tomicmladen@yahoo.com
Predrag ivkovi, University of Ni, pzivkovic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Mia Vuki, Ni, University of Ni, micav@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Mirko Dobrnjac, University of Banjaluka, dobrnjac.mirko@gmail.com
Dragana Dimitrijevi, University of Ni, a.dragana.dimitrijevic@gmail.com

Summary:
The need for compact heat exchangers has led to the development of many types
of surfaces that enhance the rate of heat transfer, among them and perforated
plate heat exchangers. The perforated plate heat exchangers consist of a series
of perforated plates, that are separated by a series of spacers. The present study
investigates the local heat transfer characteristics of flow through a perforated
plate with 2 mm in diameter, hole length to diameter ratio of 1 and porosity of
25.6%. For the determination of the local heat transfer, numerical simulations
were performed. Reynolds numbers based on the perforated plate pitch were
in the range from 80 to 300. The results of average Nusselt number prediction
were compared with the related experimental correlations. The experimental
results agreed on qualitatively with the results obtained using a CFD.
Keywords: local heat transfer, perforated plate, CFD

52
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF THERMAL AND FLUID FLOW


PROCESSES IN A PERFORATED PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER

Mladen Tomi, Colledge of Applied Technical Sciences, Ni,


tomicmladen@yahoo.com
Mia Vuki, University of Ni, micav@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Predrag ivkovi, University of Ni, pzivkovic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
ana Stevanovi, Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Vina, zana.stevanovic@
vinac.rs
Ivan iri, University of Ni, ciric.ivan@gmail.com

Summary:
The goal of this paper is to investigate thermal and fluid flow processes in an
air/water perforated plate heat exchanger. The experimental investigation was
carried out over a single perforated plate which was installed in an experimental
chamber and heated by hot water. A fan with the variable flow was connected
to the experimental chamber, and the flow rates were varied from 100 up to
360 m3/h. The thermocouples were attached to the surface of the perforated
plate along upwind and downwind side, as well as at the inlet and outlet of
the chamber. During each experiment, the readings of thermocouples were
recorded alongside with air and water volume flow and temperatures of water
at the inlet and outlet of the chamber. On the basis of the experimental results
equations for heat transfer and pressure, drops were established. On the end, a
comparison was done with other authors.
Keywords: perforated plate, pressure drop, heat transfer

53
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

HEAT BALANCE OF LOSSES IN PLANETARY GEAR DRIVES

Predrag ivkovi, Faculty technical science, Kosovska Mitrovica,


jomine@sbb.rs

Summary:
Planetary gear drives have extremely high specific caring capacity. Great
energy is being transmitted per gear drive mass unit. A part of this energy
which is by friction being transferred to thermal energy, is heating the gear
drive components. With prolonged intensive work, the quantity of released
heat can be more significance greater than of the emitted one in surrounding.
This article treats two issues. The one is concerning producing balance between
mechanical losses and released heat. The estimate outcomes of the released
heat are put in balance with the mechanical energy losses. The other issues is
concerning solutions that can provide heat balance at the prolonged stationary
gear work.
Keywords: planetary gear drives, efficiency, mechanical energy losses

54
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

DEVELOPMENT OF MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF OFFSET TYPE SOLAR


PARABOLIC CONCENTRATING COLLECTOR

Saa Pavlovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni, saledoca@gmail.com


Velimir Stefanovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni,
veljas@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Marko Mani, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni,
markomancic@yahoo.com
Zivan Spasic, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni, zivans@masfak.ni.ac.rs

Summary:
In this paper will be presented the process of design, construction and optical
ray tracing analysis of a low cost solar concentrator for medium temperature
applications. To avoid complexity of design of an specific shaped surface a
common offset parabolic antenna is used to make the reflector. This study
develops and applies a new mathematical model for estimating the intercept
factor of a new solar concentrator based on the geometric and optical behaviour
of the concentrator in cartesian coordinates. The goal of this paper is to present
mathematical model and optical design of a low-tech solar concentrator that
can be used as a potentially low-cost tool for laboratory-scale research on the
medium-temperature thermal processes, hot water systems, heating systems,
cooling systems, polygeneration systems etc. The paper also describes the ray
tracing study with a solar concentrating system consist of three offset parabolic
dish reflector. The total flux on receiver and the distribution of irradiance for
absorbed flux on center and periphery receiver are given. The total flux at the
focal region is 2188 W
Keywords: solar energy conversion, solar radiation, ray tracing simulations,
optical modeling, solar offset parabolic concentrator

55
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

POSSIBILITIES OF WIND ENERGY USAGE IN THE SKI CENTER KOPAONIK

Predrag ivkovi, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,


pzivkovic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Mladen Tomi, College of Applied Technical Sciences Ni,
tomicmladen@yahoo.com
Duan Petkovi, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
dulep@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Ivan iri, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
ciric.ivan@gmail.com
ana Stevanovi, University of Belgrade, Institute for Nuclear Sciences Vina,
zana_stevanovic@yahoo.com
Dragana Dimitrijevi, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
dragana.dimitrijevic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Sanja Dobrnjac, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Technology,
sanjadob@gmail.com
Milica iri, University of Ni, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture,
milicadwbh@gmail.com

Summary:
Obtaining of all acceptable locations is one of the main tasks for siting of
wind turbines. However, economical factors are usually very limiting. One
of the possibilities to increase the rentability of the wind farm is to reduce the
transport loses, as well as the initial investment, by using produced energy as
close to the production site as possible. This paper focuses on the possibilities
of Kopaonik mountain wind potentials usage in the existing extensive ski
resort. The estimations were obtained using the WAsP simulation software. The
results are compared by means of the quality and quantity of the wind data
and capacity factor. Finally, the economical analysis of the acceptability of the
installing of wind turbines was done.
This paper is concerned by the National Program of Energy Efficiency,
project number: TR33036, funded by the Government of Republic of Serbia.
Keywords: wind power assessment, complex terrain, CFD, WAsP, ski center

56
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

PRODUCTION OF BIODIESEL IN A BATCH REACTOR BY ALKALINE


TRANSESTERIFICATION AT ROOM TEMPERATURE

Vladimir V. Jovanovi, University of Belgrade Faculty of Mechanical


Engineering, vjovanovic@mas.bg.ac.rs
Neboja Mani, University of Belgrade Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
nmanic@mas.bg.ac.rs
Dragoslava D. Stojiljkovi, University of Belgrade Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering, dstojiljkovic@mas.bg.ac.rs
Pavle Hadi, Gosa Institute, Belgrade, pavle.hadzic@institutgosa.rs

Summary:
Biodiesel is produced by the chemical reaction of lipids with alcohols (mainly
methanol, ethanol or a mixture of lower alcohols) in the presence of a catalyst. The
technology for producing biodiesel opens many opportunities for improvement
and advancement of reaction parameters. Among the most important are
certainly: the type of alcohol, the molar ratio of alcohol to vegetable oil, type
and consistency of the catalyst, catalyst concentration, reaction temperature,
reaction time and the method of mixing of the reaction mixture. The procedures
generally accepted in small production usually represent a compromise
between developed and defined laboratory procedures and procedures for
easy implementation in practical terms. Performing transesterification process
at room temperature (18-22C) significantly simplifies the process of biodiesel
production in a batch reactor. Here we report on the results acquired through
experimental tests on real batch reactor and the results of performed analysis
of the physical and chemical characteristics of biodiesel produced from native
cold pressed sunflower, soybean and rapeseed oils and degummed rapeseed
oil.
Keywords: biodiesel, batch reactor, reaction temperature, alkaline trans
esterification

57
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

EXPERIENCE WITH SOLAR-DRIVEN LIBR/H2O ABSORPTION COOLING


SYSTEM IN VODOVOD DUBROVNIK D.O.O.

Ivan Komusanac, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering


and Naval Architecture, ivan.komusanac@gmail.com
Boris osi, Adria Section of Combustion Institute, boris.cosic@fsb.hr
Luka Perkovi, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and
Naval Architecture, luka.perkovic@fsb.hr
Neven Dui, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and
Naval Architecture, neven.duic@fsb.hr

Summary:
In times when the gas supply isnt a reliable energy source, heating, ventilation,
and air conditioning (HVAC) systems are turning to solar energy. In addition,
reducing the energy consumption and being environmentally friendly, solar
energy has yet to reach its potential. As a part of the Adriacold project, solar
cooling pilot plant Vodovod Dubrovnik d.o.o., will be used to present the
potential of solar cooling in Southern parts of Croatia.
Keywords: Solar cooling, Absorption unit, Vodovod Dubrovnik d.o.o.,
Adriacold, Adriatic IPA CBC Programme

58
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

MODELING OF THE BUILDING THERMAL BEHAVIOUR USING


NONLINEAR SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION

Vesna Rankovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,


vesnar@kg.ac.rs
Milorad Boji, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
milorad.bojic@gmail.com
Jasna Radulovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
jasna@kg.ac.rs
Danijela Nikoli, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
danijelan@kg.ac.rs
Jasmina Skerli, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
jskerlic@gmail.com

Summary:
Model-based predictive control is a very modern powerful control strategy that
uses a model of the plant to predict its future behaviour and has been in focus of
researchers in the area of buildings energy management. The aim of this paper
is to develop and analyze NARX (Nonlinear AutoRegressive with eXogenous
inputs) structure for the modeling of the building thermal behavior. A database
was generated using simulation in EnergyPlus software. The NARX identification
model was designed using the MATLAB System Identification Toolbox. The
input variables analyzed in this paper are: outdoor temperature, heating or
cooling power, and direct solar radiation. Simulation results demonstrate
that the proposed nonlinear structure can be effective identification tool for
development of nonlinear buildings predictive control.
Keywords: building, NARX, identification, thermal behaviour

59
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

INSTABILITY OF RAYLEIGH-BERNARD CONVECTION AFFECTED BY


INCLINED WALL TEMPERATURE VARIATION

Sadoon Ayed, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,


sadun_kad@yahoo.com
Milo Jovanovi, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
jmilos@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Mladen Tomi, College of Applied Technical Sciences Ni,
tomicmladen@yahoo.com
Gradimir Ili, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
gradei@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Predrag ivkovi, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
pzivkovic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Mia Vuki, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
micav@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Mirko Dobrnjac, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering, dobrnjac.mirko@gmail.com

Summary:
In this paper the direct numerical simulation of the full Navier-Stokes equation
in vorticity-stream function form for the case of an inclined fluid layer with
temperature modulation on the upper plate is presented. The fluid flows between
parallel plates which are inclined with some angle in respect to the horizontal
plane. The lower side of the viscous fluid layer is constant temperature surface.
Since the temperature of the upper plate is higher than the lower plate,
Rayleigh-Benard convection appears mostly in the upper zone. We investigate
the stability of this convection for water as a working fluid. The results of direct
numerical simulation are presented as fields of temperature, vorticty, stream
function and velocity.
This paper is concerned by the National Program of Energy Efficiency,
project number: III42008, funded by the Government of Republic of Serbia.
Keywords: Direct numerical simulation, Navier-Stokes equations, Rayleigh-
Bnard convection, Non-linear flow instability, Viscous fluid flow

60
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ELECTROCHROMIC COPPER(I) OXIDE THIN FILM AS A CANDIDATE FOR


SMART WINDOW

Ratka Neshkovska, Faculty of Technical Scienses, University St. Kliment


Ohridski, Bitola, ratka_neskovska@yahoo.com

Summary:
Electrochromic materials are able to reversibly change their colour when
placed in a different electronic state. Such materials have a broad range of
commercial applications. The most desired application are smart windows -
windows with electrochromic thin film coatings that allow them to darken and
lighten upon the application of a very small electric voltage and are the next
significant advance in window technology for energy efficiency and comfort
enhancement. Semiconducting copper(I) oxide, Cu2O, films were prepared by
electrodeposition method onto transparent conductive glass substrates. Those
films revealed significant difference in transmittance in their coloured and
bleached state, with an average relative modulation of about 53%, so they
could be a candidate for window coatings to control the inlet of sun light and
heat.
Keywords: electrochromism, copper(I) oxide, electrodeposition, smart
window

61
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

FLEXIBLE THIN-FILM SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS: RESEARCH AND


APPLICATION

Milorad Bojic, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, milorad.bojic@gmail.com


Jasna Radulovic, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, jasna@kg.ac.rs
Vesna Rankovic, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, vesnar@kg.ac.rs
Danijela Nikoli, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, danijelan@kg.ac.rs
Ljubisa Bojic, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, ljubisa.bojic@gmail.com
Jasmina Skerlic, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, jskerlic@gmail.com

Summary:
It is expected that thin film photovoltaic technologies will play a major role in
the world photovoltaic market in the near future. The use of flexible substrates
offers new possibilities for the application of solar cells, for example for building
integration. In addition, flexible cells are very thin and lightweight, which
makes them also more flexible in use than rigid cells. One of the most important
advantages of flexible solar cells, is the potential to reduce production costs.
Development of photovoltaic thin film modules ensures a satisfying flexibility
of the surface, and the possibility to design appropriate shapes. The future for
efficient, lightweight, flexible and cost-effective thin film modules looks very
promising.
Keywords: Flexible solar cells, building integration

62
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ANALYSIS OF THE STEAM LINE DAMAGES

Vujadin Aleksi, IWE, IMS Institute, vujadin.aleksic@institutims.rs


Dejan Momilovi, IWE, IMS Institute, dejan.momcilovic@institutims.rs
Bojana Aleksi, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, b_aleksic@hotmail.com
Ljubica Milovi, Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, acibulj@tmf.bg.ac.rs
Aleksandar Sedmak, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
asedmak@mas.bg.ac.rs

Summary:
The methodological approach to the analysis of damage to determine the
cause of failure and to repair the damage has been shown using the example
of leakage and damage of a steam line for live-steam in thermal power plants
and heating plants. The access presented may be applied to similar structures,
and its application in preventive maintenance contributes to extension of the
exploitation life of the steam lines.
Keywords: steam line, damage, damage analysis, repair

63
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ENERGY OPTIMIZATION OF SERBIAN BUILDINGS WITH PV PANELS AND


DISTRICT HEATING SYSTEM

Danijela Nikoli, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, danijelan@kg.ac.rs


Milorad Bojic, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, milorad.bojic@gmail.com
Jasna Radulovic, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, jasna@kg.ac.rs
Jasmina Skerlic, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, jskerlic@gmail.com
Saa Jovanovi, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, dviks@kg.ac.rs

Summary:
Nowadays, for clean and renewable electricity generation, solar photovoltaic
technologies is the best option. Solar energy has become a promising alternative
source due to its advantages: abundance, pollution free and renewability. In this
paper, the possibilities to decrease energy consumption of Serbian residential
buildings are analyzed. The building with district space heating and electrical
energy generated by PV system is investigated. The major aim is to determine
the area of the PV array in order to minimize primary energy consumption. The
residential buildings with variable thermal insulation thickness and variable
electricity consumption are investigated in order to achieve zero- (ZNEB) or
positive-net energy building (PNEB). The buildings are simulated in EnergyPlus
environment. Open Studio plug-in in Google SketchUp was used for buildings
design, Hooke-Jeeves algorithm for optimization and GENOPT software for
software execution control. The obtained results gave the optimal size of PV
array.
Keywords: PNEB, Photovoltaic, District heating system, Optimization,
Simulation

64
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF DATA CENTRES

Sevde Stavreva, Faculty of Technical Sciences Bitola,


stavrevasevde@gmail.com
Cvete Dimitrieska, Faculty of Technical Sciences Bitola,
cvete.stefanovska@tfb.uklo.edu.mk
Igor Andreevski, Faculty of Technical Sciences Bitola,
igor.andreevski@tfb.uklo.edu.mk
Sanja P. Vasilevska, Faculty of Technical Sciences Bitola, pvsanja@yahoo.com
Elizabeta Hristovska, Faculty of Technical Sciences Bitola,
elizabeta.hristovska@tfb.uklo.edu.mk

Summary:
Great energy consumption and costs incurred by data centres are a huge
incentive to find ways to reduce them. In a typical data centre, nearly one half
of the energy consumed goes to supporting data-com equipment, and the other
half is used by support systems. Hence, increasing the energy efficiency of data
centres is a challenge.
This paper discusses the possibilities for improving the energy efficiency of
air conditioning systems and ventilation by integrating best tested devices, with
special emphasis on the management and control system for air conditioning
and ventilation.
Keywords: data centre, control system, energy efficiency, conditioning and
ventilation

65
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

LEED TECHNOLOGY IN URBAN PLANNING

Mila Mihajilovi, Department of Urban Planning, Kragujevac,


milarhitekta@gmail.com
Vanja uteri, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, vanjas@kg.ac.rs
Gordana Bogdanovi, Faculty of Engineering, Kragujevac, gocab@kg.ac.rs

Summary:
Urban planning is a set of measures, guidelines and suggestions for
improvement and unification of economic, social and sustainable development
of certain areas. Planning in the modern era, accompanied by a number of bad
consequences, has led to a steady rise in consumption of natural resources
used to build traffic and utility infrastructure and expansion of settlements.
Insufficient care of human race for environment and ecosystems caused the
emergence of large-scale climate change and global warming.
LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) in urban planning
represents a new approach to planning, which enables the use of renewable
energy sources. The main goal of LEED technology is the protection and
improvement of the environment, through the creation of modern and energy-
independent urban space.
In this paper, using the methods of description and comparison, as well as
case studies of some examples, the possibilities offered by green building will
be shown.
Keywords: Urban planning, LEED technology, environmental protection,
renewable energy sources

66
Mechanics and Design
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ANALYSIS OF POINT SUPPORTED-GLASS WALL SYSTEM UNDER WIND


LOAD

Filip Zdraveski, Faculty of mechanical engineering, Skopje,


filipzdraveski@mf.edu.mk
Dimitri Kozinakov, Faculty of mechanical engineering, Skopje,
dimitri.kozinakov@mf.edu.mk

Summary:
Pre-tensioned point supported glass walls are widely used in modern architecture
today. This paper deals with the stability of glass support structure to predict
the collapse behavior of the same. All windows in their corners are connected
to spider arm thus transferring the wind force on the bowstring structure. The
results of the analysis provide load-displacement relationship and influence of
the pretension forces as well as temperature effect on the stability of support
structure.
Keywords: fem analysis, point supported glass walls, stability, pre-tension
system, temperature effects

69
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

APPLICATION OF SIMILITUDE LAWS FOR EXPERIMENTAL


INVESTIGATIONS OF DYNAMIC PROPERTIES OF TALL PROTOTYPE STEEL
STRUCTURE

Filip Zdraveski, Faculty of mechanical engineering, Skopje,


filip.zdraveski@mf.edu.mk
Hristijan Mickoski, Faculty of mechanical engineering, Skopje,
hristijan.mickoski@mf.edu.mk

Summary:
This paper elaborates the procedures for scaling prototype structure to scale
model according to similitude laws keeping the dynamic properties of the
original structure. The scaling procedures are very suitable for experiments
where the purpose is not only to check the strength of the structure, but also to
investigate the performance of other dynamic devices mounted on the primary
structure such as dynamic absorbers. In such cases, the use of condensation
methods comes to mind in order to reduce the original d.o.f. and make the
model structure behave same in the first several modes as the original structure.
Keywords: structural dynamics, similitude laws, prototype, scale model,
condensation methods, TMD, transducers, strain gauges

70
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF DYNAMIC VIBRATION ABSORBER-


RESPONSE PREDICTION AND REDUCTION

Filip Zdraveski, Faculty of mechanical engineering, Skopje,


filip.zdraveski@mf.edu.mk
Elisaveta Donceva, Faculty of mechanical engineering, Skopje,
elisaveta.doncheva@mf.edu.mk

Summary:
This paper is dealing with procedures for mathematical modelling of DVA.
Usually the problems of optimization are converted to equivalent single degree
of freedom (SDOF) structure at particular mode in order to optimize the damper.
There are three main parameters in a DVA system: DVA mass, DVA stiffness
coefficient and DVA damping ratio. Consequently, the objective is to find the
optimum value of these parameters. This paper is investigating also the effect of
relative speed of primary structure and its influence on response.
Keywords: structural dynamics, DVA, relative speed, response, state-space
model

71
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

LOAD CAPACITY OF WORM GEARS WITH COMPACT DESIGN

ore Miltenovi, College of textile, Leskovac, milten2004@yahoo.com


Milan Tica, Faculty of mechanical engineering, Banja Luka, milan.tica@unibl.rs
Aleksandar Miltenovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni,
amiltenovic@yahoo.com
Milan Bani, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni, milan.banic@outlook.com

Summary:
Worm gearing has very wide use in power transmission in movement and the
limitation of the complete machine system depends on it. Load capacity by
worm gear transmitters is determinate with their geometry parameters and
lubrication. With suited selection of parameters it is possible to have influence on
load capacity of worm gear pair and of whole transmitter. This is very important
in the transmitters with compact construction when working conditions have
limitations working space. In this paper in present one optimization method of
geometry parameters with load-carrying capacity and increase of limitations.
Here is presented variation of geometry parameters with no change of center
distance and materials.
Keywords: worm gear transmitter, compact construction, geometry

72
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

MODERN AND SOPHISTICATED PROCESSES OF 3D VENEER PLYWOOD


BENDING

Luka Pani, PANA CONSULTING s.p. panaconsulting@yahoo.com


Atif Hodi, University of Biha, Faculty of Technical Engineering,
atif.hodzicc@gmail.com
Ekrem Nezirevi, University of Biha, Faculty of Technical Engineering,
ekremnezirevic@yahoo.com

Summary:
Under modern processes of 3D veneer plywood bending we consider creation
and using of new technologies.
This work emphasizing the importance of technological change of processes
and products made from plywood panels, in order to ensure competitiveness in
the domestic and foreign market.
3D plywood was created as a response to the increased demand for products
that can be moulded into complex 3D forms, like metal or plastic. However, in
this case appears well-known problem of anisotropy of wood. This problem is
solved by patented mechanical modification of wood.
3D plywood panels opening up new possibilities in the design of chairs,
curved fronts for furniture in three dimensions, as well as veneer interior for
luxury cars or yachts
Keywords: modern processes, 3D plywood panels, bending

73
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

FATIGUE LIFE ESTIMATION OF AIRCRAFT STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS


WITH SURFACE CRACKS UNDER LOAD SPECTRUM

Stevan Maksimovi, Military Technical Institute, Belgrade,


s.maksimovic@open.telekom.rs
Mirjana uri, Military Technical Institute, Belgrade, minadjuric12@gmail.com
Mirko Maksimovi, Belgrade Waterworks and Sewerage,
maksimovic.mirko@gmail.com
Ivana Vasovi, Institute Gosa, Belgrade, ivanavvasovic@gmail.com

Summary:
Subject of this work is focused to developing computation procedure for residual
fatigue life estimation of cracked structural components under load spectrum.
Finite element method is used for determination of the stress intensity factors
(SIF`s) of structural element with surface cracks. These discrete values of the
stress intensity factors of cracked structural components are used for derivation
of analytic function for SIF that is necessary in crack growth analyses. To
demonstrate efficient computation procedure in residual fatigue life estimation
of damaged structural elements here numerical examples are included. For
residual life estimation of cracked structural elements here Forman and Mettu
method is used. In this approach a low cyclic fatigue material properties are
used. Computation procedure to strength analyze with respects to fracture
mechanic and residual life estimations is applied to aircraft structural elements
with surface cracks under load spectrum. Computation results are compared
with correspond analytic experimental results.
Keywords: Fatigue, stress intensity factors, surface cracks, singular finite
elements, fatigue life prediction

74
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

EFFECT OF BULK MODULUS OF FLUID ON THE DYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF


THE HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

Darko Kneevi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Banja Luka,


darko.knezevic@unibl.rs
Saa Lalo, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Banja Luka, sasa.lalos@unibl.rs
Mitar Jocanovi, Faculty of Technical Science, Novi Sad, mitarjocanovic@
gmail.com
Velibor Karanovi, Faculty of Technical Science, Novi Sad, velja_82@uns.ac.rs

Summary:
The bulk modulus is the physical characteristics of the fluid, which mainly affects
dynamic characteristics of the hydraulic system. The value of bulk modulus
depends on the state of fluid (pressure and temperature) and thermodynamic
change of state (isothermal or adiabatic).In the most commonly used hydraulic
fluid - mineral hydraulic oil - a significant impact on changing the bulk modulus
has the presence of undissolved air in the oil.
This paper analyses the effect bulk modulus has on the elastic properties of
the hydraulic fluid and the dynamic behavior of the hydraulic system.
Keywords: bulk modulus of fluid, pressure, temperature, stiffness of a
hydraulic spring

75
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF SLIDING BEARING OPERATING


TEMPERATURE

Nikola Vueti, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, East Sarajevo,


vuceticnikola@yahoo.com
Aleksija uri, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, East Sarajevo,
aleksijadjuric@gmail.com
Miroslav Milutinovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, East Sarajevo,
m.milutinovic82@gmail.com

Summary:
During operation, it is essential to know the operating temperature of the
bearing in order to determine the thermal stability of the sliding bearing. This
paper presents results of measuring the operating temperature of the sliding
bearing using FLIR camera, on the testing table in the Laboratory of Applied
Mechanics and Mechatronics, in Mechanical Engineering Faculty in East
Sarajevo. Experimental results are presented on a diagram, followed by their
comparison with the values of the operating temperature obtained analytically.
Based on the operating temperature obtained through experiments and
analytical calculation, thermal stability of the sliding bearing has been tested.
Keywords: Operating temperature, thermal stability of the sliding bearing,
FLIR camera

76
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

FATIGUE STRENGTH SIMULATION OF AIRCRAFT LUG

Slobodanka Boljanovi, Mathematical Institute The Serbian Academy of


Sciences and Arts, Belgrade, slobodanka.boljanovic@gmail.com
Stevan Maksimovi, VTI, Belgrade, s.maksimovic@open.telekom.rs
Dragi Stamenkovi, Termoelektro, Belgrade, dragi33@gmail.com

Summary:
A computational models for the strength estimation of cracked aircraft lug are
formulated. The crack growth propagation is investigated through the stress
analysis and fatigue life calculation. The stress field around the crack tip and
the stress intensity factor are evaluated by applying analytical approach. The
fatigue life up to failure is simulated by employing two different crack growth
laws. The estimations are compared with available experimental data, and
good correlation between different results are obtained.
Keywords: fatigue, crack growth, aircraft lug, strength evaluation

77
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

RESIDUAL LIFE EVALUATION OF A THREADED ROUND BAR WITH


SURFACE CRACK UNDER CYCLIC LOADING

Slobodanka Boljanovi, Mathematical Institute The Serbian Academy of


Sciences and Arts, Belgrade, slobodanka.boljanovic@gmail.com
Stevan Maksimovi, VTI, Belgrade, s.maksimovic@open.telekom.rs
Strain Posavljak, Faculty of Mechaical Engineering Banja Luka,
strain.posavljak@unibl.rs

Summary:
A computational procedure is formulated in order to investigate the propagation
of surface crack in a threaded round bar. The fatigue strength calculation includes
the stress analysis and fatigue life calculation. The authors employed the crack
growth law based on a two-parameter driving force model for the residual strength
evaluation. The estimations are compared with available experimental data. The
computed results are in a good agreement with experimental observations.
Keywords: fatigue, threaded round bar, surface crack, life calculation

78
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ANALYSIS OF OVERHEAD TRAVELLING CRANES MOTION IN


HORIZONTAL PLANE

Nenad Miloradovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,


mnenad@kg.ac.rs
Rodoljub Vujanac, Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering, University of
Kragujevac, vujanac@kg.ac.rs

Summary:
Nonstationary translatory motion of an overhead travelling crane is analyzed in
the paper. The crane consists of two main girders with box shaped profiles and
has carrying capacity of 32 tons. Original dynamic model of carrying structure
is formed by the use of the finite element method. Modelling of the carrying
structure is performed with the shell and beam finite elements. All significant
dynamic parameters are considered, dynamic loads are defined and dynamic
equations of motion are formed and solved. Diagrams of carrying structure
bevelling and of side forces depending on the position of the trolley on the
main girders are presented as the results of the analysis. Variations of mentioned
dynamic parameters in time are considered in the period of acceleration, as
well as in the period of breaking of the crane.
Keywords: overhead travelling crane, Finite element method, translatory
motion

79
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

DYNAMIC STORAGE SYSTEMS

Rodoljub Vujanac, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac,


vujanac@kg.ac.rs
Nenad Miloradovic, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac,
mnenad@kg.ac.rs
Snezana Vulovic, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac,
vsneza@kg.ac.rs

Summary:
High density storage solution such as dynamic flow pallet racks is accumulation
racking system recommended for great amounts of good with only few different
storage units. Palletized units are stored into deep tunnels not accessible by
forklifts for handling operations. These systems have overall objective to increase
the cube utilization and to reduce the handling costs. In this case selectivity is
sacrificed but the storage density is outstanding. Forklift brings storage unit to
and from the racking. Movement of the storage units within racking structure
has been achieved through gravity or some other force. Warehouses in food
and pharmaceutical industry are the ones who have benefit more from the
installation of these solutions. This paper presents introduction of dynamic rack
solution. Technical analyses and solution based on investor request to speed
up and reduce cost of handling process will be done.
Keywords: dynamic storage system, flow pallet racks, material handling

80
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

MOGUNOSTI PRIMJENE VAKUUMSKOG PNEUMATSKOG TRANSPORTA


U PIVARAMA

Vladimir avi, Banjaluka pivara a.d., vladimir.cavic@blpivara.com


Mirko Dobrnjac, Mainski fakultet, Univerzitet u Banjaluci,
dobrnjac.mirko@gmail.com
Milan Lei, Mainski fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu, mlecic@mas.bg.a.rs
Jela Burazer, Beograd, Institut Goa d.o.o., jela.burazer@institutgosa.rs

Rezime:
Proces proizvodnje piva zahtijeva transport sirovina (jemenog slada i jema).
Ovaj prenos se obavlja pneumatski. Rad se bavi aktuelnom problematikom
poveanja kapaciteta proizvodnje piva, to dovodi do poveanja potrebne
koliine sirovine koju treba transportovati. U tom smislu, ovaj rad se bavi
projektovanjem novog cjevovoda, sistema za doziranje i nove vakuumske
duvaljke koji bi mogli zadovoljiti zahtjeve u pogledu protoka vazduha.
Predviena je regulacija vakuumske duvaljke na bazi pada pritiska u
cjevovodima. Skrenuta je panja na detalje u vezi vakuumskog pneumatskog
sistema transporta: (1) kritine vrijednosti brzina u cjevovodima, koje su vrlo
vane zbog mogueg oteenja materijala koji se transportuje, (2) granine
koncentracije materijala transportovanog vazduhom.
Kljune rijei: vakuumski pneumatski transport, pivara, pad pritiska, kritina
brzina, granina koncentracija

81
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ATTACHMENT RESEARCH JUDGEMENTS INDICATORS FOR COMFORT


MANAGEMENT OF TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES

Zoran Majki, Technical test center, Belgrade, majkicczoran@gmail.com

Summary:
When designing the vehicles it is difficult to specify which system is the most
complex but one thing is certain management system along with the braking
system carries a special degree of responsibility in terms of security. It should
be an appropriate level of importance arises in the design. Here we analyze
judgments indicators of comfort control force that is necessary to use the steering
wheel depending on the angle of the steering wheeltrades. Shown analysis
using the study results of hydraulic power steering leads to the conclusion that
the selected hydraulic power steering matching the motor vehicle.
Keywords: force, angle, steering wheel, power steering control

82
Mechatronics
and Information Technology
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

THE ADVANTAGE OF USING DIGITAL QUASI-SLIDING MODE IN


COMPARISON WITH ANALOGUE PID SLIDING MODE CONTROLLER

Muhanad D. Almawlawe, Al-Qadisiya University, Engineering collage,


Baghdad-Iraq, muhanadhashim@gmail.com
Darko Mitic, University of Nis, Electronic collage, darko.mitic@elfak.ni.ac.rs
Marko Milojkovic, University of Nis, Electronic collage,
marko.milojkovic@elfak.ni.ac.rs

Summary:
This paper presents a comparative analysis of two techniques for controlling
DC-DC buck converters: the analogue technique that is based on the
proportional-integral-derivative (PID) sliding mode (SM) voltage control, and
the digital one using quasi-sliding mode based generalized minimum variance
(QSMGMV) control. Both converters provide good voltage regulation and
exhibiting robustness to parameter and load variations. The voltage regulation
in the converter with QSMGMV controller is achieved by measuring only the
sensed output voltage, whereas with PID SM controller, the use of current
sensor is mandatory. The former convertor has also smaller output voltage
ripple in comparison with the latter one. On the other hand, the acceptable
performance in the converter with PID SM control is reached by tuning only
three controller parameters in familiar way.
Keywords: DC-DC buck converter, continuous conduction mode (CCM),
proportional-integral-derivative controller (PID), sliding mode (SM) voltage
controller, pulse width modulator (PWM)

85
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

CONTROL OF THE CART PENDULUM SYSTEM BY USING A FRACTIONAL


ORDER PD CONTROLLER

Petar D. Mandi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade,


petarmandic84@gmail.com
Mihailo P. Lazarevi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade,
mlazarevic@mas.bg.ac.rs
Tomislav B. ekara, School of Electrical Engineering, Belgrade, tomi@etf.rs

Summary:
This paper deals with stability problem of cart inverted pendulum controlled
by a fractional order PD controller. Inverted pendulum is an underactuated
mechanical system because it has one control input and two degrees of freedom.
Mathematical model of cart pendulum system is derived and fractional order PD
controller is introduced in order to stabilize it. Control strategy consists of two
parts, a swing up controller and stabilizing controller. Problem of asymptotic
stability of closed loop system is solved using the D-decomposition approach.
Stability regions in control parameters space are calculated using this method,
and tuning of the fractional order controller can be carried out.
Keywords: inverted pendulum, fractional order PID, D-decomposition,
asymptotic stability

86
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

TECHNICAL-ECONOMIC VIEW OF THE REPLACEMENT OF PUMPS WITH


VARIABLE VOLUME PUMPS A CONSTANT VOLUME OF THE FREQUENCY
CONVERTER

Vladimir Savic, Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad,


vladimirsavicns@gmail.com
Jelena Eric Obucina, College of Technical and Mechanical Engineering,
Trstenik, jelena.obucina@vtmsts.edu.rs
Darko Knezevic, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Banja Luka
darko.knezevic@unibl.rs
Andrea Ivanisevic, Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad,
andreai@uns.ac.rs
Boban Balovic, Pneumatik flex, Nova Pazova, balovic@gmail.com
Sanjin Kizic, Koteks Viscofan, Novi Sad, kizics@koteks.viscofan.com

Summary:
One of the key trends in the construction of the hydraulic drive is the formation
of a unified energy system consisting of production or transport machines, drive
motor and hydraulic systems. Different construction modifications necessary
to align the power hydraulic systems and engine power with the necessary
power required by a mechanism that is driven. In carrying out this task, the
dominant function of the systems for regulating capacity and pressure pumps.
In recent years, in a narrow segment of the application instead of the hydraulic
pump capacity regulator used drives - regulation by changing the position of
the working element is replaced with the speed control operating elements.
Keywords: hydraulic system, pump control, frequency control, power pump

87
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ELECTRONIC DATABASES FOR MATERIALS SELECTION

Jelena ivkovi, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering,


jelena.zivkovic@kg.ac.rs
Dragan Adamovi, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering,
adam@kg.ac.rs
Miroslav ivkovi, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering,
zile@kg.ac.rs
Milentije Stefanovi, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering,
stefan@kg.ac.rs
Slobodan Mitrovi, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering, boban@
kg.ac.rs
Fatima ivi, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering, zivic@kg.ac.rs

Summary:
The increasing market competition necessitates the creation of products of
better quality with the lowest possible price. One way to achieve this is an
appropriate materials selection that will enable better and cheaper product.
Knowing the quality of the available materials and their characteristics, as well
as tracking trends in the development of new materials, are essential parts
of good engineering practice. The materials selection is not an easy task in
engineering practice and it is one of the few in the process of constructing a
product that is subjected to constant changes. On the other hand, the wrong
materials selection in the very beginning of constructing could have irretrievable
damage to the manufacturing and exploitation process.
Data and information about materials must always be available to constructors
and designers of new products, as well as to technologists. They can be found
in classic literature (manuals, catalogs, standards, recommendations,...) or in
electronically prepared databases on the computer (intranet, internet).
Part of the available software tools for the selection of materials with the
basic characteristics will be presented in this paper. Also, several tools will be
described in more detail.
Keywords: Material, database, materials selection

88
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

NEURAL NETWORK PREDICTION OF PERSON POSITION FOR HUMAN


FOLLOWING MOBILE ROBOT PLATFORM

Ivan iri, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,


ciric.ivan@masfak.ni.ac.rs
arko ojbai, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
zcojba@ni.ac.rs
Vlastimir Nikoli, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
vnikolic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Milica iri, University of Ni, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Achitecture,
milicadwbh@gmail.com
Mladen Tomi, The School of Higher Technical Professional Education Ni,
tomicmladen@yahoo.com
Emina Petrovi, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
emina@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Milo Simonovi, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
misa.simonovic@gmail.com

Summary:
This paper addresses an important and challenging problem of real time vision
based human tracking to enable mobile robots to follow a human and help him
as a co-worker in hazardous environment. A novel approach that combines
intelligent stereo vision based human detection with neural network estimator
that helps tracking is presented. Stereo vision based detection combines features
extracted from 2D stereo images with intelligent classification algorithms to
detect humans in a robots environment. Prediction of the 3D coordinates of
a human in the robots camera coordinate system based on recurrent neural
network reduces image region of interest and ensures more reliable human
tracking. Within a working scenario of a mobile robot intended to follow a
human co worker in indoor applications, collected video data will be collected
and compared with simulation results obtained from the recurrent neural
network.
Keywords: Robot Vision, Mobile Robotics, Service Robotics, Neural networks,
Human tracking

89
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

INTELLIGENT CONTROL OF MOBILE ROBOT FOR OBJECT


RECOGNITION AND GRASPING

Ivan iri, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,


ciric.ivan@masfak.ni.ac.rs
arko ojbai, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
zcojba@ni.ac.rs
Vlastimir Nikoli, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
vnikolic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Milica iri, University of Ni, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture,
milicadwbh@gmail.com
Predrag ivkovi, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
pzivkovic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Ivan Pavlovi, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
pivan@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Emina Petrovi, University of Ni, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
emina@masfak.ni.ac.rs

Summary:
In this paper, the problem of robot vision system is considered as a part of
hierarchically highest level of control that is used for object recognition and
that allows adequate and reliable robotic grasping. Thus, the application of
an intelligent classifier is proposed in the object recognition process for an
advanced and robust robot vision system. This novel technique allows 3D
object reconstruction with accurate determination of position and orientation
of a rigid body that can help in deciding where to grasp object with a robot
arm. Classification is performed using features obtained from segmented image
after preprocessing, image segmentation and post-processing. Such an image
combined with classification results enables accurate 3D object reconstruction
that is crucial for grasping problem.
Keywords: Robot vision, Intelligent algorithms, Classification, Object
recognition, Robot Grasping

90
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

MASS FLOW RATE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE FLAPPER-NOZZLE


PNEUMATIC VALVE

Dragan Pri, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Mechanical and Civil


Engineering in Kraljevo, prsic.d@mfkv.kg.ac.rs
Novak Nedi, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Mechanical and Civil
Engineering in Kraljevo, nedic.n@mfkv.kg.ac.rs
Ljubia Dubonji, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Mechanical and Civil
Engineering in Kraljevo, dubonjic.lj@mfkv.kg.ac.rs

Summary:
Flapper-nozzle type valve is commonly used for precision, flow control
in pneumatic systems. For the purpose of analysis and design the paper is
concerned with nonlinear mass flow rate of the valve taking into account
different flow regimes. Flow rate is static, nonlinear function and could not be
solved in analytical form. In this paper Particle Swarm Optimization method is
used for numerical solution. Depending on supply pressure and flow area ratio
along the static characteristic different segment can be observed.
Keywords: flapper-nozzle valve, mass flow rate characteristic, PSO
optimization method

91
Automotive
and Traffic Engineering
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

OUTPUT TORQUE OF THE FLYWHEEL OF THE IC ENGINE VARIATIONS


DURING AN ENGINE CYCLE
Aleksandar Milainovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Banja Luka,
amilasinovic@gmail.com
Indir Mujani, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Banja Luka
eljko Bulatovi, Military Technical Institute, Belgrade zetonbulat@gmail.com
eljko uri, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Banja Luka

Summary:
Output torque of the flywheel of the IC engine is the torque that engine
produces and it serves to drive the vehicle. This torque varies during an engine
cycle. The variability of output torque influences gas-pressure torque, torque
due to motion of crank-slider mechanism masses, the torque required to drive
the auxiliaries and the friction plus the valve train torque. The goal of this paper
is to quantify the correlation between the crankshaft speed variation and output
torque of the flywheel of the IC engine and the torque required to drive the
auxiliaries and the friction plus the valve train torque. Output torque of the
flywheel can be used for misfire detection.
Keywords: output torque of the flywheel, the crankshaft speed variation, the
friction plus the valve train torque, the torque required to drive the other
auxiliaries

95
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

RESEARCHING ABOUT BEHAVIOUR OF CYBERNETIC SYSTEM, DRIVER


MOTORCYCLE AT LIMITED REGIMES MOVEMENT
Branislav Aleksandrovi, Technical College of Applied Studies Kragujevac,
banealeksandrovic@gmail.com
Rajko Radonji, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
rradonjic@kg.ac.rs
Aleksandra Jankovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
alex@kg.ac.rs

Summary:
In this paper are presented some factors that affect to safety of rider-motorcycle
system movement and some statistical indicators as the confirmation that this
system is a common cause in traffic accidents. A mathematical model was
created to simulate longitudinal dynamics of motorcycle. Simulation researches
were conducted for the following regimes of movement: acceleration- steady
state -braking up to adhesion limits. Thereby, various solutions in motorcycle
designing were observed, especially engine characteristics and braking system,
experience of driver, parameters of transitional regimes of movement. It was
designed and created an experimental motorcycle system. Experiments were
conducted on real roads with and also without other participants in traffic.
Simulation and experimental results for observed systems were compared and
discussed.
Keywords: motorcycle, traffic accidents, braking, modeling, simulations,
experiments

96
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

APPLICATION OF VERTICAL ACCELERATION RECORDS ACQUIRED AT


THE CENTRES OF THE VEHICLE WHEELS

Danijela Miloradovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,


neja@kg.ac.rs
Rajko Radonji, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
rradonjic@kg.ac.rs
Jasna Gliovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, jaca@kg.ac.rs

Summary:
The coupling between experimental and theoretical dynamics of the vehicle
occurs already at the level of the recorded vertical accelerations at the centres
of the wheels, reflecting the interface between dynamics of vehicle, road
and environment. Vertical accelerations measured at the centres of vehicle
wheels are, in fact, the state variables of vehicle dynamical system. Vertical
acceleration at the wheel centre interlinks with the other state variables and
inputs, making a starting point for monitoring the vehicles mechanical and
functional couplings. This paper reviews possible applications of vertical
acceleration records acquired at the wheel centres in consideration of direct
couplings between vertical accelerations at the centres of the wheels, spectral
analysis of corresponding frequency response functions and couplings with
vertical acceleration of vehicle suspension elements. Applications also include
indirect determination of vertical wheel loads, vehicle excitation spectra due to
road roughness and relative displacements of suspension systems
Keywords: vehicle, vertical wheel acceleration, application

97
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF BRAKE SYSTEMS OF THE


AGRICULTURAL TRACTORS AND TRAILERS
Jasna Gliovi, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering, jaca@kg.ac.rs
Jovanka Luki, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering, lukicj@kg.ac.rs
Danijela Miloradovi, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Engineering,
neja@kg.ac.rs
Slavica Maui, Ph.D. student

Summary:
As agricultural tractor size and speeds have increased during recent years,
heavier loads are transported on public roads at higher speeds. With the
combination of higher-energy level and more rapid deceleration, brake systems
with excellent heat dissipation characteristics are required. Wet multiple-disc
brakes have similar multiple-disc construction, but operate in an oil bath.
ABS is the next step in the development of a brake system of the tractor that
brings an additional level of safety and control. In addition to the illustrations
of development trends of the various components of the braking system of
agricultural tractors and trailers, the aim of this paper is to describe the FE
modelling of wet multiple-disc brakes and their brake performances.
Keywords: agricultural tractors, trailers, multiple-disc brakes, brake
performances

98
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

IMPROVING PERFORMANCE OF SPARK IGNITION ENGINE USING


VARIABLE LENGTH INTAKE MANIFOLD
Jovan Dori, University in Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences,
jovan_d@uns.ac.rs
Atila Kova, University in Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences
Neboja Nikoli, University in Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences
Stjepan Galambo, University in Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences
Ivan Klinar, University in Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences

Summary:
This paper investigates the effect of the intake runner length on the performance
of four stroke petrol engine. Two methods are presented, one method is based
on theoretical approach using equations to calculate the intake length for
certain speed range, and the other uses a trial and error principle varying the
runner length in 50 mm increments to find the highest volumetric efficiency
and thus the best engine performance. A very precise engine model was made
in RICARDO Wave software, which was validated and then used for further
experiments. This work is a base for further development of continuously
variable intake system.
Keywords: volumetric efficiency, variable length intake manifold, RICARDO
Wave, simulation

99
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

METHOD OF DISK BRAKE NOISE ASSESSMENT

Jovanka Luki, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of engineering, lukicj@kg.ac.rs


Jasna Gliovi, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of engineering, jaca@kg.ac.rs
Danijela Miloradovi, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of engineering,
neja@kg.ac.rs
Slavica Maui, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of engineering,
macuzicslavica@gmail.com

Summary:
Widely used method for transient signal assessment were applied on time
series of disk brake signal noise. Wavelet Transform (WT), Short Time Fourier
Transform (STFT) and Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT) were applied on
time series signal of disc brake noise in order to get significant data to identify
process of appearing of squeal brake noise. Various experimental conditions:
pressure, speed etc were varied. Effects of different experimental conditions on
disc brake noise were examined.
Keywords: squeal brake noise, wavelet transformation, transient signal, Short
Time Fourier Transform

100
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

A MODEL OF ACC ADAPTIVE CRUISE CONTROL


Melisa Kustura, School of Mechanical Engineering, Sarajevo,
kustura.melisa@gmail.com
Aleksandra Kostic, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Sarajevo,
kostic@mef.unsa.ba

Summary:
Currently on the market there is no vehicle in which the intelligent transportation
systems (ITS) have not found application. One of the most developed ITS lately
is the Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC). The ACC is a new technology which
requires the use of sensors for detecting the velocity and distance of the vehicle
in front of a vehicle equipped with the ACC system and enables ACC vehicle to
adjust its velocity accordingly. In this paper we have developed an ACC model.
Also, we have analyzed the results obtained by its simulation. The MATLAB
program is used to calculate the values ACC model needs in order to operate.
We present a physical and mathematical model as well as the simulation results
in the form of diagrams.
Keywords: Intelligent Transport Systems; Adaptive Cruise Control; new
technologies

101
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF NEW MATERIALS APPLICATION ON CAR


BODIES
Milan Milovanovi, ZASTAVA VEHICLES GROUP, Kragujevac, siljakg@sbb.rs
Zoran Jovanovi, Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Beograd, zoranj@vinca.rs
Milentije Stefanovi, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac,
stefan@kg.ac.rs

Summary:
Car industry is facing the obligation to satisfy ever stricter safety regulations
as well as specific demands of buyers. One method for accomplishing this is
application of new materials. Some results of researches focused on introduction
of new materials and determination of their influence on passengers have been
presented in this paper. Based on results of the performed analysis, it is possible
to evaluate the validity of introducing new materials, since their application
may sometimes additionally require the introduction of new technologies.
Keywords: vehicle, new materials, influences

102
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

CRANKSHAFT ANGULAR VELOCITY OF A TEN-CYLINDER DIESEL ENGINE


AS A DIAGNOSTICS PARAMETER
Stojko Bioanin, Directorate of Defense Technology, Belgrade,
stojkobiocanin@gmail.com
eljko Bulatovi, Military Technical Institute, Belgrade,
zetonbulat@gmail.com
Aleksandar Milainovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Banja Luka,
amilasinovic@gmail.com
Indir Mujani, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Banja Luka
Ranko Boikovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in East of Sarajevo

Summary:
This paper presents methods of measurement and analysis of instantaneous
angular speed at the free end of a ten-cylinder OM403 engine crankshaft
regarding different operating conditions in the engine cylinders. The angular
velocity was measured under laboratory conditions, by using an opto-
electronic incremental rotary encoder, directly mounted on the free end of the
crankshaft. Additionally, a simplified mathematical model for instantaneous
angular velocity of the crankshaft has been developed which simulates the
same operating conditions in the engine cylinders as during the experiment. At
the end, the results of the measurement and mathematical model were analyzed
and compared. The goal of this paper is to give a practical contribution to
studies introducing the measured crankshaft speed as a key parameter for the
detection of working cycle disturbances in particular engine cylinders.
Keywords: diagnostic, angular velocity, crankshaft, diesel engine

103
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ENGINE MISFIRE IDENTIFICATION BY MONITORING EXHAUST PRESSURE


AND TEMPERATURE PULSATION IN THE EXHAUST MANIFOLDS
Stojko Bioanin, Directorate of Defense Technology, Belgrade,
stojkobiocanin@gmail.com
eljko Bulatovi, Military Technical Institute, Belgrade, zetonbulat@gmail.com
Aleksandar Milainovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Banja Luka,
amilasinovic@gmail.com
Indir Mujani, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Banja Luka
Ranko Boikovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in East of Sarajevo

Summary:
This paper presents the results of a developed experimental method for misfire
identification in engine cylinders. The subject of investigation was a ten-cylinder
OM403 engine, licensed by the company Mercedes-Benz, which is used
as a drive unit for specialized tracked vehicles. The methods was developed
under laboratory conditions and is based on monitoring pressure and mean
temperature pulsations of exhaust gases for different operating conditions in the
cylinders at steady state operation while monitoring the in-cylinder pressure of
one engine cylinder. The in-cylinder pressure and pressure pulsations in the
exhaust manifolds were measured by AVL piezo electric pressure transducers,
a data acquisition module (USB 6210 National Instrument), an AVL charge
amplifier and the Lab View software for synchronization and management of the
measuring equipment. The aim of this paper is to give a practical contribution
to studies identifying disturbances of engine working cycles by monitoring
parameters of exhaust gases.
Keywords: diagnostic, exhaust gas, pulsation, pressure, temperature

104
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

APPLICATION OF BIOMETHANE IN PROPULSION AND MOBILE SYSTEMS


Saa Milojevi, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac, tiv@kg.ac.rs
Radivoje Pei, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac, pesicr@kg.ac.rs

Summary:
Human activities, in particular transport, are partially responsible for the
problems associated with the greenhouse effect, and therefore global warming.
The European Union is increasingly dependent on imported fossil fuel. From
the second side, oil products come from politically unstable regions, oil prices
are rising and resources are limited. This complex situation leads to significant
ecological and economical risks for society. The European Commission is
seeking to solve these issues through a series of initiatives, including many
that focus on the transport, which is almost fully dependent on oil. In this
context, it has launched every time a calls for projects that focus on biofuels.
Our research inside of the paper is redirected on the training to take action
with similar projects. We are analyzed here the possibilities for production of
biogas from landfill and agricultural crops. By upgrading biogas to bio-methane
we produce the high quality fuel for mobility systems causing lower exhaust
emission specifically particulate matter, sulfur compounds, non-methane
hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxide, as well as smog and noise pollution in the
atmosphere.
Keywords: Global warming, Transport, Biomethane

105
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ANALYSIS OF RENEWAL BUS FLEET GSP BEOGRAD FROM THE


ENVIRONMENTAL AND ENERGY ASPECTS
Slobodan Mianovi, Project manager-JKP GSP Beograd,
slobodan.misanovic@gsp.co.rs
Zlatomir ivanovi, University of Belgrade, Institute of Nuclear Sciences
VINA, zzivanovic@vinca.rs

Summary:
City Public Transport Company Belgrade (GSP Beograd) is the carrier of
the public transportation function in Belgrade and the biggest operator, during
2013, was performed the largest modernization of the bus fleet, in its long
history, with 232 new articulated buses (Euro 5/EEV).
The introduction of the new buses in regular operation and the withdrawal
from service of old, significantly is improved quality of passenger transport in
all aspects.
This paper presents an analysis of reduced the harmful gases emission
compared with the period before the renewal of the fleet, as well as the
effects of reduced consumption of diesel fuels. The modernization of the fleet
is contributed to the increase in overall energy efficiency and lower cost of
exploitation.
Keywords: bus, ecology, fuel consumption

106
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF CAR BODY USING CFD SOFTWARE


Stjepan Galambo, University in Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences,
stjepan.galambos@gmail.com
Jovan Dori, University in Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences,
jovan_d@uns.ac.rs

Summary:
This paper presents the method of modelling and design of the car body using
modern software tools, in order to obtain as much as possible realistic models
suitable for further analysis. The work is based on elements of aerodynamics
and vehicle dynamics and impact of external influences on it. Also, model
verification with numerical calculations was conducted in this research. After
a detailed analysis of the obtained results with CFD, it was concluded that
the model of the car with the geometric simplifications meets the criteria of
accuracy and this was completely capable for the further course of the analysis.
This paper presents the procedures for obtaining the results from a combination
of more modern tools (CCM+), which is certainly a trend in modern ways of
designing and constructing.
Keywords: Aerodynamics, Cars body, CatiaV5, CFD, analysis

107
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

THE PROBLEM OF REAL DRIVING EMISSIONS CONTROL

Velimir Petrovi, IMR Institute Belgrade, vecapetrovic0@gmail.com,


imr-institut@eunet.rs
Branka Grozdani, IMR Institute Belgrade, zorangr@verat.net,
imr-institut@eunet.rs
Zlata Bracanovic, IMR Institute Belgrade, imr-institut@eunet.rs,
zlatabracanovic@yahoo.com
Stojan Petrovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering University of Belgrade,
pe_trost@live.com

Summary:
This paper highlights a problem currently being experienced by new passenger
cars and heavy-duty trucks and buses: Despite meeting more stringent regulatory
standards for exhaust emissions during type approval, many vehicles have
significantly elevated emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) during in-use driving,
particularly when operating in urban traffic. In some cases, actual real driving
emission (RDE) levels may be as high as or higher than those from much older
vehicles with engines certified to more lenient emission standards. These high
off-cycle NOx emissions threaten efforts to improve ambient air quality in
many European cities. Finally, the paper analyzes the possibilities of control
of these off-cycle emissions and using portable emission measurement
system (PEMS) for testing vehicles under real driving conditions, as well as
the formation of a real driving cycle (RDC) for future emission control after in
2017.
Keywords: Real driving emission, diesel engine, particulates emission
measurement

108
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

THE USE OF MODERN FUELS IN DIESEL ENGINES OF THE OLDER


GENERATION
Aleksandar Davini, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac,
davinic@kg.ac.rs
Radivoje Pei, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac, pesic@kg.ac.rs
Dragan Taranovi, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac,
tara@kg.ac.rs
Saa Milojevi, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac, tiv@kg.ac.rs

Summary:
Intensive development of diesel engines over the past 25 years, has significantly
improved their operating and environmental characteristics. The application
of advanced diesel technology has set specific requirements in terms of
the characteristics of diesel fuel. Both market requirements and legislation
introduced new formulated diesel fuel. However, in our country is still in use
a large number of outdated engine, particularly in the areas of agricultural and
non road vehicles, military techniques ... This paper discusses the effect of
changing the essential characteristics of the fuel on the working process and
lifetime of these diesel engines. The results of the experimental research of
working process diesel engine DMB 3DA450 with diesel fuel according to EN
590 (2005) are presented.
Keywords: diesel fuel, fuel properties, diesel working process

109
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

APPLICATION OF MCDM METHODES FOR AUTOMOBILES BUMPER


MATERIAL SELECTION
Duan Petkovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni,
dulep@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Milo Madi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni, madic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Goran Radenkovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni,
rgoran@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Milo Miloevi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ni,
mmilos@masfak.ni.ac.rs

Summary:
An automobile bumper is a component, which contributes to vehicle
crashworthiness during front or rear collisions. Selection of the most suitable
material for the bumper involves the study of a large number of factors, such
as, mechanical, physical, and chemical properties as well as formability and
cost. This selection process can be regarded as a multi-criteria decision making
(MCDM) problem, which may be solved applying mathematical computations.
The use of recently developed MCDM methods for selecting the most preferred
material for the bumper is described in this study. Obtained results revealed
unanimously that high density polyethylene (HDPE) is the most suitable
material for this application.
Keywords: Automobiles bumper, multi-criteria decision making, material
selection

110
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

INFLUENCE OF THE FAULTY MAP SENSOR ON SOME OPERATION


PARAMETERS OF AN AUTOMOBILE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINE
Neboja Nikoli, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad, nebnik@uns.ac.rs
Ivan Klinar, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad, klinar@uns.ac.rs,
Jovan Dori, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad, jovan_d@uns.ac.rs,
Nenad Raspopovi, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Novi Sad,
nenadnr@hotmail.com

Summary:
The research was conducted for the purpose of determining the possibility of
diagnosing faulty MAP sensor readings of an automobile spark ignition engine.
In that sense, an engine with no air-flow meter, operating under steady-state
conditions, was tested on the test stand. The engine fuel system was operating
in a closed-loop mode with the oxygen sensor. The tests were carried out in
several operating points, first with the engine operating without any faults
and then with a reading fault of a MAP sensor. Three different intensities of a
mentioned fault and their impact on the engine speed and MAP sensor signals
as well as on the injection pulse width and the spark angle were considered in
the study. The measured values were compared with the corresponding values
obtained with the engine operating under no-fault conditions. The results are
shown in the diagrams followed by the appropriate comments.
Keywords: IC engine, MAP sensor, reading fault

111
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

THE USE OF PARAMETRIC SPECTRAL ESTIMATION FOR EXTRACTING


ANGULAR VELOCITY VARIATIONS FROM THE EXHAUST PRESSURE
PULSATIONS IN IC ENGINES

Dobrivoje Ninkovi, ABB Turbo Systems Ltd, dobrivoje.ninkovic@ch.abb.com

Summary:
Presented in the paper is a method for extracting the angular velocity variation
of an IC engine from the exhaust pressure pulsations. The method is based on
the so-called parametric (model-based) spectral estimation, and is capable of
detecting a narrow-band, time-dependent frequency variation in a signal using
only several signal samples at a time.
The procedure developed is demonstrated by application to data recorded
on two Diesel engines, whereby the rotational speed variation was also
measured. The respective angular velocity variations were extracted from the
records of pressure pulsations in the exhaust systems of the two engines, and
then compared with the measured ones. Very good accuracy was achieved in
both cases.
The method can also be used for special spectral analyses of short signals,
where the application of FFT-based spectral estimation would result in a very
coarse frequency resolution.
Keywords: Parametric Spectral Estimation, Exhaust Pressure Pulsations,
Angular Velocity Variation

112
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF BIO RESOURCES AND RENEWABLE/


RECURRENT ENERGY SOURCES IN AGRICULTURE

Petkovi Sneana, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of mechanical


engineering, petkovic1961@gmail.com
Hnatko Emil, University of Applied Sciences Velika Gorica, ehnatko@sfsb.hr
Stefanovi Radmilo, rad.stefanovic@sbb.rs
Veinovi Stevan, Faculty of Engineering University of Kragujevac,
stevan@kg.ac.rs

Summary:
Some serious forecasts say that the number of motor vehicles will double by
2025, but with little likelihood of sufficient quantities of energy sources to
support the needs. Even a thought of unlimited energy sources is a way towards
a complete destruction of life on our planet. Every engaged energy source:
from the outer space, from the Earths core, from fuels resulting from everyday
life activities, remains in our environment as a parasitic content that modifies
the ecological and genetic conditions on Earth.
Since there is a wide range of alternative fuels, this is a good opportunity to
undertake a thorough review of what there is available to us. Considered are
both existing and future fuels for internal combustion (IC) engines.
Today`s super-tractors, backbone of the trend towards large farm
operations, are all based on highly improved engine-vehicle matches, resulting
in further improvements in the energy-efficient use of farm machinery.
Keywords: bio resources, IC engines, renewable/recurrent energy sources,
farm mechanization, motor vehicles

113
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

COATED AL PISTON AS TECHNOLOGICAL SOLUTION TO LOWERING OF


FRICTION LOSSES INSIDE IC ENGINE

Saa Milojevi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, tiv@kg.ac.rs


Radivoje Pei, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
pesicr@kg.ac.rs
Aleksandar Davini, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
davinic@kg.ac.rs
Dragan Taranovi, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac,
tara@kg.ac.rs

Summary:
Engine technologies whose application can reduce the impact of friction and
wear are surface coatings and the lubricants low-viscosity or with appropriate
additives. As a contribution, we applied the eco-tribological knowledge during
construction of IC engines and their spare parts. The result of the researches
was patented prototype of the aluminium piston coated or modified with tribo-
material in area of skirt. Modification of the piston was realized by inserting
two removable pads (plates) of graphite. Another option is the piston with
tribological pads of brass into which are inserted tribo inserts of graphite in
the form of a sphere (nodules). The main task of the tribo-pads is to decrease
friction between piston and cylinder, especially at engine-starting regime.
This is confirmed during researches whose the results are presented inside of
manuscript.
Keywords: IC Engine, AL Piston, Coating, Friction

114
Quality
and Ecology
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

ECONOMIC INDICATORS OF WASTE-TO-ENERGY TREATMENT

Biljana Milutinovi, College of Applied Technical Sciences Ni,


bimilutinovic@gmail.com
Gordana Stefanovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Ni,
goca@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Ksenija Deni-Mihajlov, Faculty of Economic, University of Ni,
ksenijadm@gmail.com
Petar Djeki, College of Applied Technical Sciences Ni,
djekicpetar@yahoo.com

Summary:
In sustainability assessment of waste treatment scenario the most used economic
indicators are: investment costs, operating costs, fuel costs, energy costs and
revenues. Cost estimation is relatively crude in solid waste management,
without enough available data. In this paper focus is made on the development
of mathematical model with the aim to calculate the economic indicators
(investment costs, operating costs, and revenues) of waste-to-energy treatment
technique, depending on the composition and quantity of waste. The model
is based on the analysis of the structure of costs and revenues, and supported
by the data available on the field and in the literature. The model is applied
to calculate the indicator for the waste-to-energy treatment technique, and
verified in the case study the city of Ni. It has been shown that developed
model is sufficiently general to be applicable to any case study, because it
contains local elements.
Keywords: waste-to-energy treatment, economic indicators, mathematical
model

117
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

LCA METHOD AS AN USEFUL TOOL IN PRODUCTION ENGINEERING

Borut Kosec, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering, Ljubljana,


borut.kosec@omm.ntf.uni-lj.si
Bla Karpe, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering, Ljubljana,
blaz.karpe@omm.ntf.uni-lj.si
Ale Nagode, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering, Ljubljana,
ales.nagode@omm.ntf.uni-lj.si
Dragan Gogi, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering, Ljubljana,
dragan.gogic@omm.ntf.uni-lj.si
Gorazd Kosec, ACRONI d.o.o., Jesenice, gorazd.kosec@acroni.si
Igor Budak, Faculty Technical Sciences, Novi Sad, budakii@simet.hr
Zorana Tanasi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Banja Luka,
zorana.tanasic@unibl.rs
Goran Janji, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Banja Luka,
goran.janjic@unibl.rs
Miroslav Bobrek, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Banja Luka,
miroslav.bobrek@unibl.rs
Mirko Sokovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ljubljana,
mirko.sokovic@fs.uni-lj.si

Summary:
The most used and established method for detecting the effects of the product
on the environment is a method of life cycle assessment (LCA), which analyzes
the effects of the product on the environment in all five its life stages: design,
materials selection, manufacture, use, and ultimately its removal. At the same
time LCA is an important tool when we deciding on choosing and optimizing
the technology and raw materials. In the frame of our study is discussed LCA
method as an useful tool in metal production, metallurgy and mechanical
engineering praxis. We analyzed potential application of LCA for the Slovenian
steel producers and automotive industry, especially the case of ACRONI. Heavy
plates of typical steel grades from ACRONI production program were analysed
during the first pilot project, and in the frame of the second project a new
generation of supercharger housing AUDI EVO was analysed.
Keywords: Life cycle assessment, Environment, Steel production, Automotive
industry

118
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

THE CAPACITY OF MUNICIPALITY NEVESINJE IN DEVELOPING WOOD-


PROCESING INDUSTRIES

Srdjan Pelkic, Faculty for Mechanical Engineering of East Sarajevo,


pelka1109@hotmail.com
Stevan Salatic, Banja Luka, Faculty of Political science Banja Luka,
stevan.salatic@yahoo.com
Radivojka Vucnic, Faculty of Technical Sciences Novi Sad,
sekaip2805@hotmail.com

Summary:
Municipality Nevesinje, as undeveloped, herzegovinian municipality, located
in the south of the Republic of Srpska, during pre-war period was a place
where strong wood-processing industry existed. Today, through process of
transition and privatization in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the most of the pre-
war company is off or in bankruptcy process. Although the most of enterprises
are off, very strong developed infrastructure network has survived until today,
in the form of industrial halls, operation and road network. Nevesinje is today
municipalitiy with significant forest potential, with significant road infracture
needed to transport raw materials and finished products. The most significant
thing, that Nevesinje discern from others municipalitises in Herzegovina is
the proximity to forest resources over the town and industrial area. Through
this work we will try to consider all aspects and possibilities to initiate wood
production in the municipality of Nevesinje. We will analyze the legal status
of most commercial enterprises in Nevesinje that are extinguished or in
bankruptcy process, forest resources at the disposal in municipality Nevesinje,
operating costs, transportation and the sustainability of forest resources for the
next period. In the conclusion, we will offer expertise on the possibilities of
launching wood processing industry in Nevesinje as well as examine the cost
and duration of this project.
Keywords: woodworking, furniture industry, municipality Nevesinje, forest

119
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

INTEGRATING LEAN AND GREEN INTO A HOLISTIC PRODUCTION


SYSTEM

Zorana Tanasi, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,


zorana.tanasic@unubl.rs
Borut Kosec, Ljubljana, Faculty of Natural Science and Engineering,
borut.kosec@omm.ntf.uni-lj.si
Goran Janji, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
goran.janjic@unibl.rs
Mirko Sokovi, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
mirko.sokovic@fs.uni-lj.si
Goran Joti, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
goran.jotic@unibl.rs

Summary:
The research presented in this paper is the integration of Lean principles to
reduce waste and Green principles to assess environmental impacts. Lean has
the ability to identify waste in processes but does not quantify the environmental
impact of the process. Also, the paper aims to highlight the importance of a
systemic approach to the exploration of the impact on the environment, society
and economy, and establishment of social responsibility and sustainable
development.
Keywords: sustainable development, holistic approach, Lean, Green

120
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

QUALITY ASSURANCE INSTRUMENTS IN HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM


OF REPUBLIKA SRPSKA

Miroslav Bobrek, Higher Education Accreditation Agency of Republic of


Srpska
Jugoslav Tepi
Duka Radmanovi

Summary:
Quality assurance as a concept of organisational functioning is getting
operationalised through the implementation of appropriate methods,
techniques, tools and other forms of organisational knowledge within the
established Quality system. The term used for it in this paper is instruments
for quality assurance. In the Higher Education System of Republic of Srpska
these instruments are recognised on three levels: level of higher education
institution in the form of internal quality assurance, level of institutions and
bodies of higher education in Republic of Srpska in the form of external quality
assurance and level of Higher Education Accreditation Agency of Republic of
Srpska in the form of instruments for international recognition of Republic of
Srpska higher education within the European Higher Education Area (EHEA).
This paper points out the present experience in the application of adequate
instruments on all three levels and directions for further development.
Keywords: Quality assurance, Audit, Assesment, Acreditation, Evaluation

121
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

POSSIBILITIES OF USING DISCRETE MONTE CARLO METHOD FOR


SOLVING MACHINING OPTIMIZATION PROBLEMS

Milo Madi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni, madic@masfak.ni.ac.rs


Marko Kovaevi, Faculty of Electronic Engineering in Ni,
marko.kovacevic@elfak.ni.ac.rs
Miroslav Radovanovi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni,
mirado@masfak.ni.ac.rs

Summary:
Optimization of machining parameters is of prime importance for increasing
machining efficiency and economics. Among traditional optimization methods,
in recent years, modern meta-heuristic algorithms are being increasingly
applied for solving machining optimization problems. The aim of this paper
is to investigate possibilities of discrete Monte Carlo (MC) method for solving
machining optimization problems which were solved by the past researchers
using meta-heuristic algorithms. To analyze the applicability and performance
of discrete MC method, two case studies of machining optimization problems,
were considered. Although MC method is stochastic in nature, while solving
machining optimization problems it has been demonstrated that probability of
finding optimal value over 99.99% is achieved within few seconds. Specific
features and merits of discrete MC method were also discussed.
Keywords: machining, optimization, discrete Monte Carlo method

122
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

INTELLIGENT INVESTMENTS MANAGEMENT; TRANSITION U-TURN

eljko Pavievi, BAS a.d., Belgrade, zeljkopa@aol.com


Leonid Albijanic, BAS a.d., Belgrade, leoalbijanic@gmail.com

Summary:
Poslednja ekonomska kriza uticala je na znaajni pad stranih direktnih investicija
(SDI) na globalnom nivou. Pad SDI zabeleen je i u tranzicionim ekonomijama
i u ekonomijama u razvoju. Ovakav trend u uslovima nakon krize i recesije
utie na ekonomski i drutveni razvoj i rast ovih privreda. Recesija i strah
od straha, s jedne strane, kao i isparavanje unutranjih izvora finansiranja
ali i nedostupnost spoljnjih izvora usled kreditne krize i rastue cene duga, s
druge strane, predstavljaju osnovne razloge ovakvog trenda u kretanju SDI.
Ekonomska kriza i pad SDI dovele su do pada ekonomske aktivnosti, a time
i do pada zaposlenosti usled kojih je zaoekivati rast opasnosti od socijalne
i politike nestabilnost u svetu. Iz tog razloga postaje sve snanije prisustvo
drave u savladavanju efekata krize, izmeu ostalog i kroz inteligentno
upravljanje investicijama u realnom sektoru. Prisustvo drave raste u sektoru
energetike, autoindustrije, poljoprivrede, farmacije i telekomunikacija. Ovakav
trend uticao je i na stratege privatnih preduzea i banaka koji postaju svesni
rastue uloge javnog sektora ali i novih igraa na globalnom finansijskom
trizu (dravni investicioni fondovi - SWF) u definisanju novih strategija
upravljanja i razvoja.
Keywords: global economic downturn, intelligent investments management,
transition u-turn, new investment-driven economic, startegic initiatives

123
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS ON IMPROVEMENT OF


BUSINESS ACTIVITIES IN MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISES

Nataa ali, University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Transport and Traffic


Engineering, Doboj, djalic.natasa@gmail.com
Irena ali, University of East Sarajevo, Faculty of Transport and Traffic
Engineering, Dobro, i.naric@yahoo.com

Summary:
In this paper we presented the impact of information systems to improve business
activities in a manufacturing enterprise. Application of high-quality information
systems in the enterprise is one of the main preconditions of engagement in the
international market and globalization processes. In particular, we reviewed to
the implementation of the ERP information system that monitors all aspects of
business in one enterprise. Implementation of the ERP system in manufacturing
enterprises completely provides access to the modern business.
Keywords: Manufacturing enterprise, information systems, manufacturing,
stem, GoSoft-2000, warehouse, stocks

124
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

COST OPTIMAL METHODOLOGY

Marko Serafimov, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Skopje,


m.serafimov@ukim.edu.mk
Sevde Stavreva, Faculty of Technical Sciences, Bitola,
sevde.stavreva@uklo.edu.mk
Igor Shesho, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Bitola, igor.seso@mf.edu.mk

Summary:
On European level, the requirements regarding the energy features of the
buildings are given in the Energy Performance of Buildings Directives (EPBD).
The EPBD has set up a common framework according to which the respective
countries which are EU members, are supposed to work out or adjust their
respective national regulations aiming to improve the energy performance of
buildings. In compliance with EPBD, the member countries must establish
the minimum requirements regarding the energy sustainability of the building
and building elements to the purpose of achieving cost-optimal levels. EPBD
proposes a Comparative Methodology Framework, to be used by the member
countries when elaborating the comparisons between the minimum energy
requirements and the calculated cost-optimal levels. This paper gives a survey
of EPBD proposals within the Comparative Methodology Framework.
Keywords: building sector, cost-optimal levels, Comparative Methodology,
energy efficiency

125
Maintenance of Engineering Systems
and Occupational Safety Engineering
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

THERMAL IMAGES AND THEIR APPLIANCE IN THE FIRE UNITS

Aleksandar Majstorovi, Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering,


Banja Luka, City of Banja Luka, City Administration, Department for
Civil Protection and territorial professional firefighting units, aleksandar.
majstorovic@banjaluka.rs.ba, majstorovica@teol.net

Summary:
In the last few decades, man is more focused on nature and his natural
surroundings as one of the inexhaustible sources for perfecting his appliances
in the field of aerodynamics, hydrodynamics etc. One example of this is
thermovision. It is known that reptiles (snakes) target their prey with their
thermovision sight. That enables them an easy hunting of the prey even in
the total dark. Some prey birds target their prey with the sight similar to the
thermovision, only this sight manifests itself in the ultraviolet spectrum. Falcon
targets the urine trails on the grass left by rodents or smaller mammals. In the
ultraviolet spectrum, the animal urine trails are marked as yellow-green stains
so that falcon focus its sight to the stains and is enabled to see the smallest
movements of animals. Based on these experimental findings, man gathered
some valuable information which improved the usage of thermal imager.
Thermal imager has great application in Mechanics, Constructing,
Electronics, Energetic, Medicine, Specialized Police and Military Units and,
lately, in the Fire units as well.
Keywords: nature, thermovision, thermograms, thermal imager

129
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

THE OPTIMIZATION OF THE PAPER MACHINE DEWATERING PROCESS


BY USING THE NEW POLYURETHANE SUCTION PRESS ROLL COVER

Dejan Brankovic, SHP Celex Banja Luka, dejan.brankovic@sfpgroup.eu


Boris Latinovic, SHP Celex Banja Luka, boris.latinovic@shpgroup.eu
Zdravko N. Milovanovic, Faculty of Mechaical Engineering Banja Luka,
zdravko.milovanovic@unibl.rs

Summary:
This paper provides an analysis of the condition of real industrial system after
the implementation of new technical and technological solution of the paper
machine dewatering system in the production industry system SHP Celex a.d.
Banja Luka. The new technical and technological solution is the use of new
type of polyurethane cover of the paper machine suction press roll. Compared
to the previously used rubber coat, the dewatering performance is significantly
positively changing. The measure of change of the condition of system is the
increase of dryness of paper which unambiguously determines a lower specific
energy consumption per ton of paper produced. Another important value is
the increase of lifetime of new coat since the new type of material bears much
higher workloads without compromising the performance. From the aspect
of maintenance, the new technical and technological solution enables an
increase in the interval between two consecutive cycles of grinding of suction
press roll cover. Since those are the planned annual cycles of grinding and
significant costs of grinding of the coat, the significant economic effects have
been achieved within the maintenance plan. The end result is a significant
economic benefit of the business production system.

Keywords: energy saving, production efficiency, maintenance costs, water


evaporation

130
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

RELIABILITY ANALYSIS OF DISTRIBUTOR VALVE OF THE AIR BRAKE


SYSTEM

Dragan Mili, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni,


milcic@masfak.ni.ac.rs
Erdin Rakipovski, UNIQA AD Skopje, erdincrakip@gmail.com
Tasko Smileski, Wabtec MZT, tsmileski@wabtec.com
Miodrag Mili, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Ni,
milcic.miodrag@gmail.com

Summary:
Pneumatic brakes have, at their heart, the distributor valve. These react precisely
to changes in brake pipe pressure and provide the corresponding brake
pressure in cylinder. Modern valves are sophisticated pieces of technology,
providing load-dependent braking for various specific brake types. Reliability
of distributor valve is extremely important for the functioning of the air brake
system. In paper is show reliability analysis of distributor valve based on the
collected time to failure seals of distributor valve.

131
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING TECHNOLOGIES AND


APPLICATIONS IN AIRCRAFT STRUCTURES

Dragoljub Vuji, Military Technical Institute, Belgrade, dragoljub.vujic@vti.vs.rs

Summary:
This paper deals with advanced structural health monitoring technologies and
their aplications in aircraft structures. Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) is an
innovative way of on-board Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) to directly assess the
integrity of aircraft structures. The principle of SHM is comparable to the human
nervous system. Discrit sensors which form a network remain permanently
mounted onto, or embedded into the aircraft structure, detect and diagnose
inevitable structural damage, mechanical loads or abnormal conditions. The
sensors are interrogated via an on-board or off-board diagnostic system and
information on the structural state is reported to maintenance team.
Keywords: Structural health monitoring, non-destructive testing, structural
damage, smart aircraft structures, flaw detection, sensors

132
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

MODEL FOR MONITORING OF THE PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL


CHARACTERISTICS OF THE OIL FILLING IN HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS

Mitar Jocanovi, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences,


mitarj@uns.ac.rs
Velibor Karanovi, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences,
velja_82@uns.ac.rs
Darko Kneevi, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical
Engineering, darko.knezevic@unibl.rs
Marko Oronjak, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Technical Sciences,
orosnjakmarko@gmail.com

Summary:
In the course of hydraulic system exploitation, some physical and chemical
characteristics of working fluid must be monitored. Service life depends on
the type and method of hydraulic fluid exploitation. In order to know what
parameters of physical and chemical characteristics of working fluids should
be monitored during the fluid exploitation, a model has been presented
in this paper, according to which specific types of working fluids can be
monitored during their exploitation.
Keywords: hydraulics, tribology, lubricants, maintenance

133
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

HARMFULNESS OF EXHAUSTED SYSTEM MOTOR SUS IN CONFINED


SPACE

Mladen Todi, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,


mladentodic@unibl.rs
S. Petkovic, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
petkovic1964@gmail.com
B. Milinovic, University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Technology,
b.milinovic@unibl.rs

Summary:
Exhausted system motor SUS ejects gases and solids during their work. The
percentage of these substances is dangerous and harmful especially in a limited
ie. indoors space. Negativity intensity depends on the type of construction and
technical equipment of these spaces in which they are issued. It refers to the
technical inspection stations, workshops and closed underground, overground
public and commercial garages. On the technical inspection stations by the legal
regulations those hazardous and noxious substances derives with prescribed
exhausted systems. In this way, the degree of risk vulnerability of employees
is reduced to a lower level provided that the systems are properly applied.
The question is what level of risk degree of danger and hazards in the area
of service centers for passenger and commercial vehicles driven by internal
combustion engines. In addition, an increasing number of large trading houses
that make up ground and underground garages for their clients, are equipped
with exhausted systems, the question is what level of danger and hazards is in
these areas.
Keywords: hazard identification, solids, exhausted gases, hazard
identification, solids, exhausted gases.

134
University of Banja Luka
19 71
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering DEMI 2015
12. International Conference
on Accomplishments
in Electrical and
Mechanical Engineering
and Information Technology

DETERMINING THE CAUSE OF ACCIDENTS AT WORK ROOT CAUSE


ANALYSIS

Biljana Vranje, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Banja Luka,


biljana.vranjes@unibl.rs
Zorana Tanasi, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Banja Luka,
zorana.tanasic@unibl.rs

Summary:
In the literature and practice, the unplanned and unexpected event is defined
as an accident. The consequences of an accident may be manifested in the form
of worker injury, the termination of a technological process and/or damage to
the material and natural resources. The risk is any real or potential condition
that can cause an accident, that is, the risk is a prerequisite for the accident.
The prevention of accidents is achieved by elimination, control and other
measures to reduce risk. The main objective of the security and safety at work
is to protect man from injuries, damages and health disorders. Knowing the
causes of accidents at work is a prerequisite to protect and to act preventively
to avoid realization of the accident.
Many engineering methods are used in the analysis of causes and
consequences of errors that affect the quality, reliability and safety of the work
process. An often-used and efficient method is cause-effect. The paper presents
a Root Cause Analysis (RCA) method and its application for the detection of
underlying causes of accidents at work in the real system.
Keywords: risk, cause, accident at work

135