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One Word Substitutes Exercise - Set 1

Directions: In each of the following questions, out of the four alternatives,


choose the one which can be substituted for the given words/ sentence.
1. A short, amusing story about some real person or event is called
as ________
a. Myth
b. Anecdote
c. Fable
d. Allegory

ANSWER: b. Anecdote
Explanation:
A short, usually amusing, story about some real person or event is called
as Anecdote.
Myth is a traditional story
Fables are short tales that teach moral lessons. Animals, plants, mythical
creatures are given human qualities to tell general truth. (Aesop's fables).
Allegory is used to reveal hidden meanings through pictures, actions,
etc.

2. Act of bringing gentle and painless death from incurable disease is


called as ________
a. Suicide
b. Fatality
c. Euthanasia
d. Gallows

ANSWER: c. Euthanasia
Explanation:
Euthanasia is an act of killing someone so that they do not suffer too
long with pain, may be a person who is very old and ill.
Suicide - The act of killing oneself.
Fatality - Death caused due to accident or disaster.
Gallows - It is a wooden frame which consists of a crossbeam used to
hang the criminals to death.

3. A small enclosure for cattle, sheep, poultry etc. is called as


_________
a. eyrie
b. Sty
c. Pen
d. Lair

ANSWER: c. Pen
Explanation:
The nest of eagle is called as eyrie.
Sty is a place where pigs live.
A small enclosure for cattle, sheep, poultry etc. is called as Pen.
Tigers live in a lair.

4. Music sung or played at night below a person's window is called as


_________.
a. Serenade
b. Sonnet
c. Lyric
d. Primo

ANSWER: a. Serenade
Explanation:
Music sung or played at night below a person's window is called
as Serenade.
Sonnet means a small song or lyric.
A song consisting of verses and choruses is called as lyrics.
The part of a piano duet played on the upper half of the keyboard is
called as primo.

5. A government by the nobles is called as _________.


a. Autocracy
b. Aristocracy
c. Bureaucracy
d. Democracy

ANSWER: b. Aristocracy
Explanation:
A government by the nobles is called as Aristocracy.
The word Aristocracy derives from a Greek word 'aristokratia' which
means 'rule of the best'.
Government by one person is called as autocracy.
Government by the officials is called as Bureaucracy.
Government by the people is called as Democracy.
Government by the rich is called as Plutocracy.
6. Anything written in a letter after it is signed is known as
__________.
a. Corrigendum
b. Post diction
c. Postscript
d. Plutocracy

ANSWER: c. Postscript
Explanation:
Anything written in a letter after it is signed is known as Postscript.
This term is derived from a Latin 'post scriptum' which means 'written
after'.
An error or mistake to be corrected in a printed book is called
as Corrigendum.
The construction of past conditions by relying on the present is called
as Post diction. It means providing an explanation after the fact.