Sei sulla pagina 1di 146

# PRIMARY

MATHEMATICS 4A
TEXTBOOK

Marshall Cavendish
Education SingaporeMath.com Inc
(0)141

Whole Numbers
1 Numbers to 100,000 6
2 Rounding Off Numbers 12
PRACTICE 1A 18
3 Factors 19
4 Multiples 23
PRACTICE 113 27

## Multiplication and Division of Whole Numbers

1 Multiplication by a 1-digit Number,
Division by a 1-digit Number and by 10 28
PRACTICE 2A 35
2 Multiplication by a 2-digit Number 36
PRACTICE 2B 40

REVIEW A

Fractions
2 Subtracting Fractions
PRACTICE 3A 41
PRACTICE 3B
3 Mixed Numbers
4 Improper Fractions
Fraction of a Set 42
PRACTICE 3C 46
50
REVIEW B 51
52
54
58
65

66
Tables and Graphs
1 Presenting Data 70

Angles
1 Measuring Angles 74-

## Perpendicular and Parallel Lines

1 Perpendicular Lines 78
2 Parallel Lines 81

## Area and Perimeter

1 Rectangles and Squares 84
2 Composite Figures 87
PRACTICE 7A 91

REVIEW C 94
Whole Numbers
0 Numbers to 100,000 One dollar
.tuna
111JMNI,Tfli) WM* NiN)ER1k4
st 81637 142 A
.) II

K 8163'7142A

Ten dollars

) 111 4 1 0 0 V E , . ? " 9 1 4 ,
/IL 11711001180A MiltPS9MMUIElif
timAlnpuvalt6.

11. 117100480 A
ta.
One hundred dollars

## Ten thousand dollars

I
[
A 10 W11; R

* R I C O 11
13000060014.

00060001

6
How much money is there altogether?

## Twenty thousand dollars

000000001A

itr IcNtiRAgiAltr
f
ja

\$20,000 \$3000
I 1000IA

00000001

## Three thousand dollars

9141
1
00000001A r
ugo~0n00t

0.000001A
q

MOD.

\$500 \$40
Five hundred dollars Forty dollars

## The total amount of money is \$23,548.

\$23,548 \$8
Eight dollars
Twenty-three thousand, five hundred forty-eight dollars
7
la CR

## 23,548 = 20,000 + 3000 + 500 + 40 + 8

23,548 = 23,000 + 548
Twenty-three thousand, five hundred forty-eight

## 1. Read and write the following in words.

(a) 2753 (b) 7919 (c) 4908
(d) 3056 (e) 7280 (f) 5002
(g) 27,165 (h) 18,057 (i) 42,605
(j) 30,003 (k) 60,109 (I) 81,900

## 2. Write the following in figures.

(a) Eight thousand, twelve
(b) Forty-nine thousand, five hundred one
(c) Seventeen thousand, four
(d) Ninety thousand, ninety

Workbook Exercise 1

8
3.What are the missing numbers?

## 1.Use place-value cards to make a 5-digit number like this:

In 68,974, the digit 8 stands for and the digit 6 stands for

2. What does the digit 8 stand for in each of the following 5-digit
numbers?
(a) 16,814 (b) 82,114 (c) 48,050

9
6. (a) Count the ten thousands, thousands, hundreds, tens and
ones in this chart.

10 70

## (b) What number is represented by the set of number discs?

(a) Which digit is in the hundreds place?
(b) Which digit is in the ten thousands place?
(c) What is the value of each digit in the number?

## (d) Use a set of number discs to represent 26,345.

(e) 26,345 is more than 26,000.
(f) 26,345 is more than 6345.
10
8. What number does each letter represent?

A
(a) E3
1 1

(b) R T

## C50,000 is smaller than

(b) Which number is greater, 32,645 or 32,498?
70,000

## 600 is greater than 400

0
C
O

orkbook Exercise 3

## 10. Find the value of

(a) 6000 + 8000 (b) 27,000 + 4000
(c) 15,000 6000 (d) 31,000 5000
(e) 7000 x 4 (f) 10,000 x 5
(g) 12,000 4- 3 (h) 30,000 4- 6
I W o r kb o o k E x e r c i s e 4

11
Rounding Off Numbers

Our Savings
Maggie
\$61
Rosa \$68
Brandy
\$75
Rosa

Maggie
Brandy

61 68
75

I
90
I

50 60 70
80

## They round off each of the numbers

61, 68 and 75 to the nearest ten.
12
60 70

I
61 is between 60 and 70.

## It is nearer to 60 than to 70.

So the nearest ten is 60.

0
61 is 60 when
rounded off to the
nearest ten.

68

70
60 68is

between60and70.
I t ' 4
I
It is nearer to 70 than to
60.

L.....,...

## So the nearest ten is 70.

68 is 70 when rounded off to the nearest ten.

## (----------- --- ---------,...

75
b..-
1

70 1 , I
i i
I
80 00

we

itsaha
ka
0elf8
ty8ebabeetwtheeenne7
n

c......,

## 75 is 80 when rounded off to the nearest ten.

13
1. Round off each number to the nearest ten.
(a) 29 (b) 38 (c) 82 (d) 95

(a) 234

234

## 234 is between 230 and 240.

234 is nearer to 230 than to 240.
234 is II when rounded off to the nearest ten.

(b) 1458
1458

## 1440 1450 1460 1470

1458 is between 1450 and 1460.

## 1458 is nearer to 1460 than to 1450.

1458 is when rounded off to the nearest ten.

(c) 2735
2735

## 2735 is halfway between 2730 and 2740.

2735 is when rounded off to the nearest ten.

## 3. Round off each number to the nearest ten.

(a) 129 (b) 201 (c) 452 (d) 685
(e) 2069 (f) 4355 (g) 4805 (h) 5508
Workbook Exercise 5
14
4. There are 2478 students in Lakeview School.
(a) Round off the number of students to the nearest ten.

2478

## C78 is more than halfway between 2470 and 2480. .-"---

___________________..-______

c> c)

2478

I
2300 2400 2600

## 2478 is more than halfway between 2400 and

2500. It is nearer to 2500 than to 2400.

## (b) Round off the number of students to the nearest hundred.

2478 is when rounded off to the nearest hundred.

## 5. Mr. Ricci sold his car for \$34,125.

Round off this amount to the nearest \$100.
34,125

I I_______________________
34,000
34,100 34,200 34,300

\$34,125 is \$
when rounded off to the nearest \$100.
15
6. Round off each number to the nearest hundred.

(a) 345

(b) 3670

(c) 4850

4800 4900

(d) 27,050

(e) 42,629

42,650 42,700

## 7. Round off each number to the nearest

hundred.
650
(d) 980
4308
(h) 5150
32,450 (I) 52,090

## (a) 320 (b) 486 (c)

(e) 2915 (f) 3075 (g)
(i) 14,234 (j) 25,520 (k)

16
Then estimate the value of 712 + 492.

412______> 700
492______> 500

700 + 500

## The value of 712 + 492 is about 111.

Round off each number to the nearest hundred.

9.
Then estimate the value of
(a) 384 + 296 (b) 507 + 892 (c) 914 + 707
(d) 716 382 (e) 983 296 (f) 1408 693

R o u n d o f f e a c h
n u m b e r t o t h e n e a r e s t h u n d r e d .
786 >8 0 0
297 >3 0 0
518 > 500 0

## 1. Estimate the value of 786 297 + 518.

2. Estimate the value of
(a) 418 + 293 + 108 (b)
(c) 814 + 208 587 (d)
17
784 + 617 + 399
1205 489 596
PRACTICE *IA
1. Write the following in figures.
(g) Twelve thousand, eight hundred three
(h) Twenty thousand, fifty
(i) Seventy thousand

## Write the following in words.

(a) 1758 (b) 5306 (c) 72,903 (d) 91,120

## 3. What is the value of the digit 6 in each of the following?

(a) 54,060 (b) 34,620 (c) 60,143 (d) 27,006

## 4. Complete the following number patterns.

(j) 5780, 5880, 6180
(k) 32,465, 33,465, 36,465
(l) 53,700, 63,700, 73,700, 4,

## 5. Arrange the numbers in increasing order.

(f) 30,601, 30,061, 30,160, 30,016
(g) 29,999, 90,000, 20,990, 29,909

## 6. Round off each number to the nearest ten.

(a) 89 (b) 725 (c) 4621 (d) 9099

## 7. Round off each number to the nearest hundred.

(a) 837 (b) 15,468 (c) 39,963 (d) 46,050

## 3. Round off each number to the nearest hundred and

then estimate the value of
(a) 576 + 329 (b) 2154 + 887
(c) 3948 + 208 (d) 682 207
(e) 7078 238 (f) 5402 179
(g) 2590 + 109 484 (h) 1368 919 289
18
Factors

C
factor x factor = product

0
O

3 x 4 = 12
12 is the product of 3 and 4.

2 x 3 x 4 = 24

## 24 is the product of 2, 3 and 4. 2, 3 and 4 are factors of 24.

19
1x6=6

2x3=6

"4\
We can write a number as a product of

3
/4........c two factors in different ways.

## 1, 2, 11 and are factors of 6.

Is 4 a factor of 6?
741
Is 5 a factor of 6?

2.

## 2 and 8 are factors of 16.

Name other factors of 16.

## 3. Find the factors of each number.

(a) 7 (b) 9 (c) 10 (d) 18

8, 10, 15, 24

## (b) Which of the following numbers have 5 as a factor?

15, 20, 25, 32
[ Workbook Exercise 8

20
(a) Is 3 a factor of 21?

7
3) 21
21

21
0 So 3 is a factor of 21.

can

be 8

3) 26
24
2

divided by 3 exactly. 0J 0

(b) Is 3 a factor of
26?
Co
6. (a) Is 2 a factor of 26 cannot be divided by 3 exactly.
So 3 is not a factor of 26.
98? (b) Is 4 a
factor of 98?

(d) Is 4 a factor of
60?
(e) Is 4 a factor of
84?
(f) Is 4 a common
factor

8. (a) Is 5 a common
factor
(b) Is 8 a common
factor

## 9. Find the missing

factors. (a) 28 = 7
x
72 = 8 x

(c)
(e) 63 =9 x
21

of 60 and 84?
of 75 and 80?

of 72 and 96?

(b) 40 = 5 x
(e) 81 = 9 x
311 (f) 56 = 7 x
10. Find the factors of 32.
32 = 1 x 32

32 = 2 x 16

32 = 4 x 8

48 = 1 x 48
48 = 2 x
48 = 3 x
48 = 4 x
48 = 6 x

100 = 1 x 100

= 2 x 50

= 4 x 25

## 3. Find the factors of each number.

(a) 40 (b) 50 (c) 75 (d) 80
[ Workbook Exercise 9 >

22
Multiple
s

I 9
0

## 3x=3 3x2=6 3x3=9 3x4=

12

3, 6, 9 and 12 are
multiples of 3.
Cs- -----Th

The
multi
ples
of 3
have
3 as
a
facto
r. )
(a) Is 3 a factor of 36?
(b) Is 36 a multiple of 3?

12

3 ) 36
3
6 3 x 12 = 36
6
0

9 is a multiple of 3. 12 is a multiple of 3.
Name other 3 is a factor of31
9. 12 3 is a factor of 12.
multiples of 12
3.
0
2. (a) Is 3 a factor of 23? S
4

3)9
09

23
(b) Is 23 a multiple of 3?

3. (a) Is 12 a multiple of 2?
(c) Is 12 a multiple of 3?
(m) Is 12 a multiple of 4?
(n) Is 12 a multiple of 5?
(o) Is 12 a multiple of 6?

## 4. List the first four multiples of 5.

C , , , , T h

5x1=5
Olney.
5x2=10 ,()5x3= 15_A S
x4=20

## 1. Find the next three numbers in each of the following

number patterns.
(p) 4, 8, 12, 16, Ital, 11
(q) 6, 12, 18, 24, n,
24
In the table below, the multiples of 2 are circled and the
multiples of 5 are crossed.

## L 1 2) 3 )l4) x (6) 7 (8) 9 0>a)

11 1 13 (14_, )5 (11 17 (18 19 (X))
Y\ 2123
31 42) 33 44) X X@) 37 (-38) 39 (ek_i:
41 ,:z1 43 (4) zx (`'_6 47 (48) 49 @O
7

## 51 52: 53 __,4 5.5 (56 57 (5* 59 (* p

)
68)
61 62 63 6- 67 69
(66(c,
71 (
(7
73 - X (7
77 78 79 Op)
81 - 83 711)
i
Q3
\ X 31,6 87 88 89 C*
-
91 1@_82 93 d, 4e X *) ) 97 08 99 1.*:,
-.

ni or

or

## 8. Write any number that is a multiple of 3.

Find the sum of the digits of the number.
Is the sum a multiple of 3?
25
9. The multiples of 4 are
4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, ...

## The multiples of 6 are

6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 42, ...

than one common

and 63?

18 27 36 45

## c......... 5, 10, 15, 20, ...

15 is also a multiple of 3.

## Workbook F.xeicise 10 >

26
PRACTICE 1B
1. Write down all the factors of '18.

3 6 I

## (b) Write down the next four multiples of 5.

I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

## I 1111 I III II III

0 5 1 0 1 5 2 0 A A A A

## 3. Find the missing factors.

(a) 4 x 36 (b) 6 x = 54
(c) x8=56 (a) x 9 =27

(a) 8 (b) 15
(d) 50 (e) 75
(c) 20

(f) 98

## 6. Find a common factor of each pair of numbers.

(a) 15 and 6 (b) 12 and 16 (c) 15 and 18

## 2. List the first four multiples of each number.

(a) 2 (b) 6 (c) 8
3. Find a common multiple of each set of numbers.
(a) 3 and 4 (b) 4 and 5 (c) 4 and 6
27
Multiplication and Division
of Whole Numbers

## Multiplication by a 1-digit Number,

Division by a 1-digit Number and by 10
Sean has 1135 U.S. stamps.
He has 3 times as many foreign stamps as U.S. stamps.
(a) How many stamps does he have altogether?
C
LThere are more foreign
113 stamps than U.S. stamps.
0
I 5 O
U.S
.
Foreign
1135,
1135 x 4 = 4540

## He has 4540 stamps altogether.

(-----..----..Th Multiply

2
8
(b) If Sean puts the stamps equally into 5 packets, how many
stamps are there in each packet?

908
5 )4 5 4 0
45
40
4540 5 = 908 40
0

## There are 908 stamps in each packet.

Divide 4540 by 5.
-----......_...--
29

is/

9 90 908

45 45 45
4 40
40
0

Divide 45
hundreds by 5.
Divide 4

## When 4540 is divided by 5, the quotient is 908 and the

remainder is 0.
1. Multiply 3726 by 5.

Multiply.
(a) 2950 x 6 =,11 (b) 8 x 3245 =

2950 3245
x6 x8

C 6 0 0 0 x 4

6218 x 4 /f

7000 x 4

0_________

9
a

## 4. Estimate and then multiply.

(a) 4076 x 5 (b) 4317 x 8 (c) 2050 x 9
(d) 7 x 6931 (e) 9 x 2173 (f) 6 x 3840
Workbook Exercise 11 .>

30
5. Divide 4206 by 3.

1 14 140 1402
3)4206 3)4206 3)4206 3)4206
3 3 3
3
12 12 12
1 12
12 12
6
6
0
K
_ (a) 3250 5 =
6. Divide.
(b) 4235 4- 7 =

5)3250 7)4235

(b) 400 4. 10
31 10
asramaillp.
(c) 440= 10=

0
io

z, 3600 6
3840 6

4200 6

O 0
0
3600 6 =

## The value of 3840 4- 6 is about .

1. Divide 3245 by 10.

Workbook
Exerc

32
10. Estimate and then divide.
(a) 3604 9 (b) 3580 7 (c) 3120 8
(d) 8128 10 (e) 7528 3 (f) 7180 6

## 11. The number of cars is 4 times the number of motorcycles in a

town.
(a) If there are 4356 cars, how many motorcycles are there?

0
a
4356

Cars

Motorcycles

4)4356 4

4356 4 = 1089
35
3 2

Method 1:

4356 + 1089 =

Method 2:

1089 x 5 =

## There are cars and motorcycles altogether.

33
12. Mr. Cohen earns \$2935 a month.
If he spends \$1780 each month and saves the rest, how much
will he save in 6 months?

## First, I find the amount

Mr. Cohen saves each month.

1155 x 6 = 111

## 1. David bought 6 cameras at \$1340 each.

Then he bought another 8 cameras at \$1248 each.
How much money did he spend altogether?
the next 8 cameras.

## and the total amount he spent on

1340 x 6 = 8040 First, I
find the
total
amount David spent on the first 6 cameras
He spent 8040 on the first 6 cameras.

1248 x 8 = 9984

## He spent 9984 on the next 8 cameras.

8040 + 9984 =

He spent \$o altogether.
L Workbook Exercise 13
34
PRACTICE 2A
Find the value of each of the following:

## 1. 3 x 2011 4 x 2107 3450 x 5

6 x 4215 3917x 7 6258x 9
2. 2109 + 3 4036 + 4 2510 + 5
7212 + 6 3968 + 8 8181_9
3. 6431 + 7 4750 + 10 3299 + 10

4.
6. A baker sold 1380 cakes last month.
He sold 3 times as many cakes this month as last month.
How many cakes did he sell this month?

## 1.The cost of a computer is 4 times the cost of a printer. If

the computer costs \$2560, find the cost of the printer.

## 2.Josh had 1536 rubber bands.

He put them equally into 6 boxes.
How many rubber bands were there in each box?

## 3. James bought 3750 kg of rice. He packed the rice

in bags of 10 kg each. 0
How many bags of rice did he have?

## 1. The total cost of a scooter and 2 motorcycles is \$9798.

The cost of each motorcycle is \$3654.
Find the cost of the scooter.

## 2. For the last 4 months, Jake's monthly salary was \$1895.

He saved \$3032 during the 4 months and spent the rest.
How much did he spend?
RS
Multiplication by a 2-digit Number

00
32 x 10 = 320 320 x 2 = 640

00
00 ago 0(
32 x 2 = 64 64 x 10 = 640
3

0
0
32 x 20 = 640 0

36
'I. Multiply.
(a) 16 x 10
(d) 10 x 29

(b) 40 x 10

(e) 10 x 96

(c) 254 x 10

(f) 10 x 380

## Find the product of 14 and 30.

2.

Method 1:
14 x 30 = 14 x 10 x 3

= 140 x 3

Method 2:
14 x 30 = 14 x 3 x 10

= 42 x 10
Method 3:
14 x 3 =42

14 x 30 = 420

1. Multiply.
(a) 284 x 20 = (b) 40 x 309 =

284 309
x 20 x 40
5680 12,360
37
4. Multiply.
(a) 23 x 30 (b) 68 x 70 (c) 392 x 80
(d) 50 x 36 (e) 90 x 45 (f) 560 x 60
L Workbook Exet
Multiply 34 by 15.

1.

34x10=34034x5=170
34 x 15 = 340 + 170
3

34 x 15 =

2. Multiply.
(a) 64 x 27 =

64
x 27
448 64 x 7
1280 ______ 64 x 20
1728
38
(b) 19 x 278 =

278
x 19
2502 < 278 x
9
2780 < 278x
10
5282

7. Multiply.
(a) 20 x 60 (b) 50 x 80 (c) 70 x 90
(d) 500 x 30 (e) 40 x 600 (f) 400 x 50

32 x 68

30 x 70

30 x 70 =

48 x 315

50 x 300
0'
SO x 300 =

## 10. Estimate and then multiply.

(a) 49 x 18 (b) 21 x 72 (c)
(d) 412 x 23 (e) 383 x 58 (f)
(g) 51 x 490 (h) 69 x 786 (i)

39
62 x 47

685 x 32

88 x 594
[ Workbook Exercises 15 Eic 16
PRACTICE 2B
Estimate and then find the value of each of the following:

## (a) (b) (c)

4. 2907 x 4 6032 x 5 7902 x 7
5. 41706 56168 80199
1. 48 x 11 61 x 29 88 x 67
1. 101 x 13 289 x 53 786 x 78

## 6. Miguel delivers 165 copies of a newspaper every day. How

many copies of the newspaper will he deliver in 30 days?

## 7. Tom bought 15 sheets of stamps.

If there were 25 stamps on each sheet, how many stamps did

## 8. After buying 12 chairs at \$128 each, Catherine had \$342 left.

How much money did she have at first?

## 9. 300 children are divided into two groups.

There are 50 more children in the first group than in the second
group.
How many children are there in the second group?

## 10. The difference between two numbers is 2184.

If the bigger number is 3 times the smaller number, find the sum
of the two numbers.

## 11. Mrs. Garcia saved \$2001 in two years.

She saved \$65 a month in the first 15 months.
She saved the same amount every month in the
next 9 months.
How much did she save a month in the next
9 months?
40
REVIEW A
1. What is the value of the digit 6 in each of the following?
(a) 39,164 (b) 16,083 (c) 62,375

## 2. Write the following in figures.

(a) Twenty-four thousand, thirty-eight
(b) Seventy-four thousand, two

## 3. Write the following in words.

(a) 42,310 (b) 15,206 (c) 20,815

## 4. Bill has \$2486 in his savings account.

Round off this amount of money to the nearest \$100.

## (c) Write down a common factor of 12 and 20.

(d) Write down a common multiple of 8 and 12.

## Find the product of

(a) 64 and 25 (b) 1250 and 8

## Find the quotient and remainder when

(a) 1026 is divided by 3 (b) 5000 is divided by 6
(e) 4984 is divided by 7 (d) 2831 is divided by 9

## A shopkeeper packed 3284 pieces of soap into 6 equal packages.

How many pieces of soap were there in each package?
How many pieces of soap were left over?

## Mary had 1240 picture cards.

She kept 80 cards for herself and gave the rest to a group of
children.
How many children were there in the group?

## 1 3000 exercise books are arranged into 3 piles.

The first pile has 10 more books than the second pile.
The number of books in the second pile is twice the number of
books in the third pile.
How many books are there in the third pile?
41
Fractions

## Her brother drank 2 liter of milk.

5
How much milk did they drink altogether?

1
+ 2 1 fifth + 2 fifths
= 3 fifths

## 1. Find the sum of and 35 5

2
5 2 fifths + 3 fifths
= 1 whole

2
+ 3

42

3 2

3
2 M
- + - =-
8 8
8

5 1
+
8 8
8

1 2 2
(a) + 4 (b) + 4 1
(c)
7 7 6 6
9 6+

(d) 3- (e)
6 4 10 10
3
- +- 4
(h) + -4 5
+1
(9) 7 (I)
7 9 9 12 12
2 2 1 3 + 3
++ (k) 2 2
(j) 5 5 (I) 92
5 7 7 7

L W ork bo ok E XG R i S e

43
1 1

## 6. What are the missing numbers?

3 1 1
(a) (b) 1 half = +
2 quarters
8 4

3 = 1
1+1 8 8 9 9
2 4
5. Add 2 and and 6. 11
3
3+ 1 _--+ 1 9
3 6 6 6 1
44
1 3
7. Add 5 - and 10'

## 8. What are the missing numbers?

1 4
3
_
(b)
65 10 10 2 10

1 I +3
= 1
6 10 10 10

10
(a) +
3
1 1 1 _2 2 I
(a) (b) (c)
Z+\$ 4_ 12 + -9
2 1 2 1
(d) - + (e) (f) -
2 6 6 3 12
(g) 1
-+ 3- 1 7 3 1
(h) (i)
5 10 6 12 4 12
1 _ 1 1 1 3
1 1 1 + +
4
(k) -+-+ (I)
3 9 9 2 4 4 4 8 8
Workbook Exercise 13.___/

4
5
Subtracting Fractions

8

## She ate 2of the pie.

What fraction of the pie was left?

7 eighths 2 eighths
7 2
8
111.1.
14

8
=1 = 5 eighths
1
1

## 1. Find the difference between 4

3

an d .

4
5

4 fifths 3 fifths
3 = 1 fifth
5

46
3

2. Subtract 10 from 1.

3
C io
=10
10
1-

10

3. Subtract 1 from 5.
8 8

4. Subtract.
(b) 6 _ 5 7 _ 3
8 8 9 9
45 7 _ 3 8 _ 5
(a)
(e)
10 10 12 7 12
9
(h) 1
3 _ 1 1 -
(d) 12
4 4 10
8 _ 1 _ 4
(9) 1 _ 2 (k) 7 _ 1 _ 3 9 9 9
9 8 8 8
1 _ _
5 5
....
W061/0011 i1 r i.1,

47
1
5. Subtract 8 from 21. 1 half = 4 eighths

_id

6. Subtract 2 from 8 7 .

( 1 1
7
8 2 8
001 ry-re

Oe o
2

## 7. What are the missing numbers?

(a) 7 2
3 (b)
10 5
-El 1
8 8 10 10
111
=
8 10
48
3
8. Subtract 12 from

3
4
4
C 3I

4
10 12

1. 1
Subtract.

## (a) Z (b) (c)

3 35 5 4 8 5 10
d b_ 2 1
y
() 4 - 12 12 - 12
(e) _1
;5 1 (f) 10
7 i - 11
1 - 1 1 5 5 7
3
(g) (h) 4 (i)
2 10 6 12
1
1 2 1 1
0) - (k) 1 (I)
4
9. What are 2the missing numbers? 2 6 3
7
(a) (5)
10 2

7
1 1
0 0

H orklxiddxurcises 20 & 21

49
PRACTICE 3A

## (a) (b) (c)

--
1+ 3 2 3 3+ 4
1. m
5 5 6 6 10 10
8 5 2
_ 5 ...... 2
10 10 7 7 1- 9
2.
3
+4 2
+1 2+ 5
8 8 3 3 9 9
3. 13 5 3- 1
5 6 6 4 4
3+ 3 1+ 3+ 5
4. 10 10 12 12 11 11

6. Sally ate of a cake and her sister ate 8 of it. What fraction
of the cake did they eat altogether?

## 7. Muthu spent 4 of his pocket money and saved the rest. 9

What fraction of his pocket money did he save?

## 1. Minghua spent 73 of his money on a book and the rest on a

racket.
What fraction of his money was spent on the racket?

## She ate 6 of the pie and gave 3 of the pie to her

friends.
6
What fraction of the pie did she have left?
50
PRACTICE 3B

## (b) (a) (c)

7. Mary has -3
e
litre of orange
juice.
4

She drinks -2
litre of it.
How much
orange juice
does she have
left?

12. Mr.

Johnso

bought

a can
of

paint.

He

used

-1 of it

to

paint a

table.
2
1
He used -8
of it to
paint a
book shelf.
How much
paint did
he use
altogether?

8. Meredith

bought -c 2 kg of

shrimps.

Courtney
bought ___________
kg of shrimps
less than
Meredith.
Find the
weight of the
shrimps
bought by
Courtney.
Find the
total weight
of the
shrimps
bought by
them. t -c 2 kg
of shrimps.
Courtney
bought
kg of shrimps
less than
Meredith.
Find the
weight of the
shrimps
bought by
Courtney.
Find the total
weight of the
shrimps
bought by
them.
51
51
Mixed Numbers
This strip of paper is longer than 1 m.

1
1m 2m

It is 11 m long.
2

4

2

mixed number.
52
1.
Write
a
mixed

(c)

## number for each of the following:

(a)

1 whole 1 third =

(b)

2 wholes 3 fifths =

2 wholes 1 sixth =

I
I 1

1 2 3 4
1 11
555 5 A2 B3

(b) ,__
1 2 3 4 5
11
0 1

D 2
8888888 8

## 3. Find the value of

7
(a) 3 +
Workbook I yE2ro ,2, 22

3
(c) 10+4
(d) 2 (f) 5-
3

(a) I
0

(b) 5 + 2

(e) 3
5

53
Improper Fractions
What is the length of each of the following strips of paper?
1
rn

r 3 1
1 third = 3
2
rn
3
B B164. 6 .Nini
1 ,
2 thirds =
3
-3m or 1m
3 3
3 thirds =
3

r 4
D 4 thirds =
4
mor11m
3
3 3
m or 1-2m
5

3 3 5 thirds = 5
3
E
3' 4 3
3 and are improper fractions.

## An improper fraction is equal to or greater than 1.

improper fractions
C-
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
3 3 3 3 3 3
1 1
0 1 11 1Z 2 21 2-2
3 3 3 3

## (....... An improper fraction can be expressed

as a whole number or a mixed number.
_
_____.................... oc, ...

54
13. How many halves are there in 3-2?

## 14. Write an improper fraction for each of the following:

(a)
1+1 +1 +1 +1
7 quarters = 5 5 5 5 5
0

(c)
5fifths=11

(b)

12 sixths =

55
3. Change the improper fractions to mixed numbers.

5 7 10 14
5 5
0 1 if 2 3
7 5 14 _ 10 + 4
(a) (b)
5 5 5-5 5
= 1 +2 =2+4
5 5

=1__ =1
5
6_
4. Change 6 to a mixed number. 6
12
13 = 12 + 1 =-
6
6 6 6 0
=2+1
6

## 5. Express each of the following as a mixed number

or a whole number.

(a) 17 4 (b) 1
; (c)

(d) 125

Workbook Exercise 24

3
1 8 1
8 8 7.3 ;
6
0 1 18 2 28

(a) 13 = 1 + 3
2+
(b) 8
= 8
-}-3 =
8 = 16 5
8 8 8 8
56

## 7. Change 3-61 to an improper fraction.

31 =3 +
6 6
18 1
= ______________
+
6 6

1. Express each
(c) 2 (d) 2:-
of the following (b) 2 3 4 6
as an improper
fraction.
(a) numerator in each of the following:
1
5 (b)

9. Find the
missing (e) 461 =
2
(a) 21 = _

1
3 3 (d) 3.
=
2
Work
book
Exer
cise
26

## 10. Express each of the following as a

whole number or a mixed number in
its simplest form.

(a) 140.

## (e) 28 (g) 16 (h) 2 -CI

8 3

(a)
5 +5 3 4 1
(b) -- + (c) 3+
66 55 44
5 74
(d) 6 + (e) -F - (f) 17
- -I- -3
77 10 5 84
12. Subtract. Give each answer in its simplest form.
4 1
(c)

2
3
(f)

4 -
IWei kbook Ex rise 26

(a) 3 (b) 2
4 8
3

(d) (e) 2
10

57
Fraction of a Set
2 out of 5 children are girls.
What fraction of the children are girls?

## 2 out of 5 groups of children are girls.

What fraction of the children are girls?

4)4

58
1.
What

## (b) fraction of each set is shaded?

(a)

(a) AA
( b) ( 000

00 00 00 00 00 000
0 0 0 Workbook E XQ ' cise 2/

2. What is of 12?
3

m0
m0 Divide 12 into 3 equal groups.
1
One group is 3 of 12.
of 12 =
3

## 3. Find the value of 3 of 20.

4 of 20=
4

0 0 0 0 0 3
of 20 =

4
Workbook Ixorcisc 28

59
- 1 x 20 = 1 x 20
4 4 of 20 is the same as
4
1
x 20.
t 4

3
3 x 20
x 20 = 3
4 4 of 20 is the same as
4
= 3
x 20.
4
0

6

5 x 18
5 x 18 =
6 6
=

se 29

4

3 9

3
x

## 6. Find the value of

(a) of 12 (c) of 4
(b) :k of 20 6

2
(d) 3 of 9 (e) 1 of 16 (f) 3 of 10
Workbook Exercise 30

60

## 2 of them are white.

3
Divide 24 into 3 equal parts.
How many white flowers are there?
24 = 3 units
Method 2
of 24 = 2 units
1:
0

3 units = 24
1 unit
2 units
2 of 24 is the same
as 3
There are white flowers. 2
x 24.

Method ___0r
2: oo
2
x 24=
3

## There are white flowers.

r Workbook Exercise 3I

## 8. There are 8 coins.

6 of them are ten-cent coins.
What fraction of the coins are
ten-cent coins?

6 out of 8 is 6
8
2 is a common factor of
6 and 8.
0
Divide 6 and 8 by 2:

2.1
of the coins are ten-cent coins.

RC/57/95-09 6
1
He lost 6 of them.
What fraction of the stamps did he lose?

6 6 out of 42 is 6.
42
4 2
in its simplest form

0
ga
He lost of the stamps. a

## 10. Jenny's handspan is 16 cm.

What fraction of 1 m is 16 cm?
16 c m --->l
16
100
m_ioo cm

16 cm is of 1 m.

Workbook Exercise 32

## 11. David spent 2 of his money on a

storybook.
The storybook cost \$20.
How much money did he have at first?

\$20

2 units = \$20
1 unit = \$
5 units = \$
Workbook Exercise 33 >
62

## She used 2 of it to buy a book. 5

How much did she have left?

## Method 1: She had 3

2 2x-14 of her

x 20 = money left.
5
=8
3
- x20
=
5
She used \$8.
left.
20 8
left.
\$20

## First, I find what fraction of

First, I
Method 2: the money is left.
find the
amount
1 2 = 3 of
rJ
5 5 money
she
used.

5 units = \$20
1 unit = \$
3 units = \$
6
3
13. 48 children went to the zoo.

## 3 of them were girls.

8
How many boys were there?
48
C

8 units = 48
1 unit s
of the children were boys.

5 units =
There were boys.

## 1. In a class of 40 students, 25 are boys

Express the number of girls as a fraction of the class.

Method 1:
40 25 = 15 First, I find the number
of girls.
There are 15 girls.
a
15
40

## of the class are girls.

Method 2: .0".""""3/40......""\

## First, I express the number

of boys as a fraction of the
class.
85 _

5
1
8

## of the class are girls.

Workbook Exercises 34 & 35

64
5. In a class, 2 of the students wear glasses.

PRACTICE 3C
Multiply. Give each answer in its simplest form.

(a)

1. (b)

(c)

(d)
2.
3. Peter had a board 3 m long.

## He used - 3 of its length as a bookshelf 4

How long was the bookshelf?

## 4. Jane practices on the piano for 3 hour a day.

4 How many many hours does she practice on the piano in 5 days?
5
(a) What fraction of the students do not wear glasses?
(b) If 16 students wear glasses, how many students are there
altogether?

## Aminah bought 30 eggs.

She used 2 of the eggs to bake cakes.

3
How many eggs did she have left?
Lily bought some picture cards.

7.

## She gave 3 of them to Matthew.

If she gave 8 picture cards to Matthew, how many picture cards did she

## 8. Kevin spent 4 of his money on a storybook.

If the storybook cost \$6, how much money did he have at first?
65
REVIEW B
1. Write the following in figures.
(g) Seven thousand, three
(h) Fifteen thousand, two hundred twelve

## 2. Write the following in words.

(a) 4660 (b) 35,600 (c) 47,019 (d) 52,473

## 3. Arrange the numbers in increasing order.

(i) 74,355, 75,435, 47,355, 74,535
(j) 32,223, 33,222, 23,322, 23,232

## 4. (a) What number is 100 more than 15,960? (b) What

number is 1000 less than 70,516?

## 5. In 27,965, the digit 2 stands for 2 x

6. Round off each number to the nearest ten.
What is the missing number in the
(a) 413 (b) 685 (c) 5968

## Round off each number to the nearest hundred.

(a) 683 (b) 5608 (c) 7449

## 8. (a) Find the product of 15 and 306.

(b) Find the quotient and remainder when 3650 is divided
by 8.

## 9. Find the missing factor in each of the following:

(a) 45 = S x (b) 16 = 2 x
(c) 27 = x9 (d) 18 = x9.

## 10. (a) Find a common factor of 9 and 30.

(b) Find a common multiple of 6 and 9.
66
3
1 +5 4 +-1-
(a)
(b) 9
1 5 1 3
(c) + (d)
12 6 2 10
5 3
(e) (f)
3 12

## (a) (b) (c)

13. What fraction of each set is shaded?

## Give each answer in its simplest form.

(a)
(d) (e) (f)

0
(b)
0
67
14. Arrange the numbers in increasing order.

4
4. Find the missing numerator or denominator.

simplest form.

(b)
12 (c) (d) 6 212

## 5. Express each of the following as a whole

number or a mixed number in its simplest
form.
15 (c) (d)
(a) 11: (b) 5 2
7

fraction.

## (a) 47 (b) (c) 31

1
(d) 2

5 8
10
7. 10 girls had pizza for lunch. Each girl ate 41 of a

pizza.
How many pizzas did they eat altogether?
68
20. Loraine bought a bottle of cooking oil. She
used 3 of the cooking oil.

If she used 150 g of cooking oil, how much cooking oil did she

## 1. Jordan poured 20 liters of water into an empty fish tank. If

5 of the fish tank was filled, find the capacity of the tank.
6

## children ate 3 of the sandwiches.

4
How many sandwiches were left?

1.

## Lily bought these items at half of the given prices. How

much did she spend altogether?

## (c) What fraction of the children are boys?

(d) If there are 8 boys, how many children are there
altogether?
(e) How many more girls than boys are there?
69
Tables and Graphs

Presenting Data
These cards show the names and weights of five children.

## The data can be presented in the form of a table like this:

70
The data can also be presented in a bar graph:

## 1. This table shows the number of storybooks read by four

children in one month.

30
Weight in
kg

## (r) Who read the greatest number of storybooks in one

month?
(s) How many more storybooks did Lauren read than
David in one month?
(t) Draw a bar graph to show the data given in the table.
71
2. The bar graph shows the number of cars sold by Patrick in
6 months.
Use the graph to answer the questions which follow.

12
Number

of cars

## (u) How many cars did Patrick sell in March?

(v) In which months did Patrick sell less than 10 cars?
(w) In which month did Patrick sell the greatest number
of cars?
(x) How many more cars were sold in May than in April?
(y) In which month were half as many cars sold as in May?

3. Make a table to show the data given in the bar graph above.

## [Workbook Exercises 36 to 38>

72
4. The table shows the number of people who attended four
courses in a community center.
Use the table to answer the questions which follow.

## (z) How many people attended the cooking course?

(aa) How many more women than men attended the
dancing course?
(bb) How many more people attended the computer
course than the art course?

## 5. In a class of 22 boys and 20 girls, 8 boys wear glasses and

15 girls do not wear glasses.

Total number =

## (d) How many students wear glasses?

(cc) How many students do not wear glasses?
Workbook Exercises 39 & 40 >
73
Angles

Measuring Angles

## We measure angles in degrees.

We write 90 for 90 degrees.
We
write: La
Angle a is smaller than
= 50
a right angle.
It is 50angle
1 right degrees.
= 90
Angle b is greater than
a right angle.
It is 100 degrees.
We write:

Lb = 100
1. What is the size of each angle?

Zp= z q = 1 0

Workbook Exercise 41

B R

Q
ZABC = IM ZPQR =

## (b) Draw an angle equal to 165.

.
11

165'

Workbook Exercise 42

75
A 4 - turn is 1 right angle. It is 90.
1
A 2 - - turn is 2 right angles. It is 11.

## 5. Zx is between 180 and 360.

Zx = 360 120 =
76
6. Zp is between 180 and 360.
p

Zp -= 360 40 = In

9

200

## 9. In the figure, ABCD is a rectangle and ZDAC = 26.

Find ZBAC.
A__________________

LZI:iof) = 90 (10

B C
Workbook Exercise 44 >

7
7
Perpendicular and
Parallel Lines
Perpendicular Lines
These are examples of perpendicular lines.

## We mark a right angle to show

perpendicular lines.

## Look for'some more examples of perpendicular lines

around 'you.
78
These two lines are These two lines are not
perpendicular lines. perpendicular lines.

## We can use a set-square to check perpendicular lines.

A

B
AB is perpendicular to CD.
We write: AB 1 CD

## 1. How many pairs of perpendicular lines are there in each

figure? Name each pair of perpendicular lines.

(a) C

Workbook Exercise 45

7
9
2. Use a set-square to draw a line perpendicular to the line AB
through the point R
A

## 1. Here are some examples of perpendicular lines drawn on a

square grid.
Find out how they are drawn.

r Workbook Exercise 46

80
e Parallel Lines
These are examples of parallel lines.

r
parallel lines.

## Look for some more examples of parallel lines around you.

81
We can slide a set-square along a ruler to check parallel lines.

AB is parallel to CD.
We write: AB // CD

## 1. In the 5-sided figure PQRST, which

two sides are perpendicular
to each other?
Which two sides are parallel to
each other?

## Workbook Exercise 47>

82
2. Use a set-square and a ruler to draw a line parallel to the
line AB through the point P.

## grid. Find out how they are drawn.

Workbook Exercise 48
83
Area and Perimeter

## Rectangles and Squares

The rectangle measures 9 cm by 5 cm.

1cm
_____.1
1 cm tl

t.,

.f,

;:-4,

= Length x Width

## The area of the rectangle is cm2.

Perimeter of rectangle =
Total length of 4 sides

9+5+9+5= al
The perimeter of the rectangle is IN cm.
84
4. The perimeter of a rectangle is 24 m.
If the length of the rectangle is 8 m, find its width.

## Total length of 4 sides = 24 m

Length + Width
= 24 4- 2 = 12 m
Length = 8 m
8m
Width = 12 8 = 1 m

## 5. The rectangle and the square have the same perimeter.

(dd) Find the length of the rectangle.
(ee) Which has a bigger area, the rectangle or the square?

5 cm

10cm

## Length of one side = 20 -4- 4

m
Find the length of
Area of square = IN m2 one side
first.

0
85
4. The area of a square is 36 cm2.
Find its perimeter.

1 cm

1 cmi

36 = 6 x 6
Length of one side = 6 cm
Perimeter of square
=111cm

## 5. The area of a rectangle is 40 m2.

If the length of the rectangle is 8 m, find its width
and
perimeter.

40 = 8 x 5

Length = 8 m

1 mi
Width = m
1
.0Perimeter = m
M
14-N

86
e Composite Figures
Each of the following figures is made up of two rectangles.
Find the area and perimeter of each figure.

1cm

## Do they have the same perimeter?

87
1. Find the perimeter of the figure.

12m 16m
Find the lengths of
AB = 10 + 5 = 15 m AB and BC first.
10m
BC = 12 + 16 = 28 m
12 + 10 + 16 + 5 + 28 + 15 =
m
The perimeter of the figure
is. m.

## 2. Find the perimeter of the

figure.

44 cm
Find the lengths of
CD and DE first.

18 cm
26 cm O

CD = 26 18 8 cm
DE = 44 20 = 24 cm
44 + 26 + 24 + 8 + 20 + 18
=1111
The perimeter of the figure is
III cm.

8
8

Workbook Exercise 50
3. The figure is made up of two rectangles. Find its
area.

14m

## i.._ Area of the figure

= Area of rectangle A
+ Area of rectangle B
5m

.14______
5m 5m

Area of rectangle A = 14 x 5 = 70 m 2

PQ= 14 5 -- 5 =4m
Area of rectangle B = 4 x 5 = 20 m 2

Total area = m2

X" 12 m ;
4. The figure shows a
small 3m rectangle in
a big rectangle.
3m
Find the area of the '''"""0

of the big
rectangle.

Y
t e ....-----,.........s

(.. = Area of big rectangle
Area of small rectangle

4m
1
5m

XY = 3 + 3 + 4 = 10 m
Area of big rectangle = 12 x 10 = 120 m 2

## Workbook Exercise 51 >

89
5. The figure shows a rectangular field with a path 1 m wide
around it.
Find the area of the path.
1! tr e---------------......... \

## ( Area of the path

\--,

lm

Length of big=rectangle
8 + 1 + 1 = 10 m
6. Width of big= 6 +1 + 1 = 8 m
rectangle
T Area of big rectangle
= 10 x 8 = la m2
h Area of small rectangle
e = m2
Area of the path
= 111 m2
f
i
g
u
r
e

s
h
o
w
s

a
s
m
a
l
l

r
e
c
t
a
n
g
l
e

i
n

b
i
g

r
e
c
t
a
n
g
l
e
.

F
i
n
d

t
h
e

a
r
e
a

o
f

t
h
e
s
h
a
d
e
d

p
a
r
t

o
f

t
h
e

b
i
g

r
e
c
t
a
n
g
l
e
.

10
m

12m

## Area of big rectangle =12 X10 =1

Length of small rectangle = M
Width of small rectangle =gym
Area of small rectangle =m2
Area of shaded part = 11111m2
90
PRACTICE 7A
1. Find the unknown side and the area of each of the following
rectangles.
(a) (b) Perimeter

8 cm
}? = 46 cm

12 cm

(c) (d)

6m Perimeter
=52m 15 m

## 1. Find the unknown side and the perimeter of each of the

following rectangles.
(a) 3m (b)

8m

(c) (d)

9 cm

6 cm

91
3. Find the area and perimeter of each figure. (All lines meet
at right angles.)

## (a) 8cm (b) 4m 5m 4m

(c) 7m 7m 6 m
I H (d) 1 ,9H
4m

6cm
m

6cm

5m
4. Each of the following figures shows a small rectangle in a big
rectangle.
6m
Find the area of the shaded part of each rectangle.
3

(a) (b) 26 m

20m
15 m

10m 24 m

## 5. The area of a rectangular wall is 36 m2.

Its length is 9 m.
Find the height of the wall.
92
6. The border around a square painting is 4 cm wide.
Each side of the painting is 40 cm
long. Find the area of the border.

-4_________________________________________________________________________________
40 cm 4 cm
4 cm

## 6. A rectangular flower-bed measures 10 m by 6 m.

It has a path 2 m wide around it. Find the
area of the path.
6m

.1 10m

## 7. A rectangular piece of glass measures 60 cm by 46 cm.

When it is placed on a table, it leaves a margin 4 cm wide
all round it.
What is the area of the table-top not covered by the glass?

## 9. A rectangular piece of carpet is placed on

the floor of a room which measures 8 m
by 7 m.
It leaves a margin 1 m wide around it. 7m
Find the area of the carpet.

8m

93
REVIEW C
1. Estimate and then multiply.
(a) 39 x 19 (b) 48 x 22
(d) 208 x 31 (e) 512 x 28

(c) 99 x 4

(f) 198 x 6

## 2. The product of two numbers is 108.

If one of the numbers is 6, what is the other number?

## 8. Name 3 equivalent fractions for each of these fractions.

(b) (c) 9
23
(a)
12
4. Arrange the numbers in increasing order.
5
(a) 34, 2
6 (b) 110, 2

## (a) 68 (b) 2 184

7. Write > (is greater than), < (is less than), or = (is
equal to) in place of each M.
9 1 ma 10
(C) 76 (b) 1-4in 8 (c) 1 g

6m

## The perimeter of a square is 48 cm.

10.
Find its area.
94
9. Each of the following figures shows a small rectangle in a big
rectangle.
Find the area of the shaded part of each figure.

## (a) I. 21m (b) 4m

11
rn 7m
4m 5m 4m

10. Find the perimeter and area of each figure. (All lines meet
at right angles.)
15 cm 5cm
(a) ,
H 19 cm 3
m
F.___ H'___
(b) 8m
24 cm 6m 6m

5cm

11.

## (ff) Which figures have perpendicular lines?

(gg) Which figures have parallel lines?
(hh) Which figure has both perpendicular and parallel lines?

12. Which of
the
following
figures
have 4 right angles? Which is a square?
95
13. The table shows the number
of people who attended four
courses in a community
center.
Draw a bar graph to show

## 14. Make a table to show the

following data.
15. Seth used 4?- yd of rope to pitch a tent. 5
Roger used 10 yd less rope to pitch another tent. 3

## How many yards of rope did they use altogether?

16. Twelve pieces of ribbon, each 75 in. long, are cut from a length
of ribbon 1250pin. long.
What is the length of the remaining piece of ribbon?

## 1. 45 people took part in a swimming competition.

The number of people who took part in a walkathon was
12 times the number of people who took part in the
swimming competition.
How many more people took part in the walkathon than in
the swimming corinpetition?

## 2. Rolando imported 138 boxes of mangoes.

There were 24 mangoes in each box.
He reserved 72 mangoes for his friends and sold
the rest to 3
customers.
If each customer bought an equal number of mangoes, how
many mangoes did each customer buy?
96