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Fall 2005

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CATALOG DESCRIPTION:

Review of basic arithmetic skills and vocabulary, which are required for the study of

algebra and for numerical computations in science, business, nursing, computer

information systems, and other courses. Topics include operations with whole

numbers, fractions, decimals, and signed numbers; ratios, rates, and proportions;

percent; scientific notation; evaluating and simplifying variable expressions; and

solving linear equations. Includes U.S. and metric measurement conversions and

basic geometry topics as time permits. Prerequisite: By placement.

1. Develop basic math skills used in other courses in math, science, computer

information systems, business, economics, and other fields.

2. Develop math skills that help the student function effectively in daily life.

3. Become familiar with standard math vocabulary, approaches, and applications,

and strengthen communication skills in math.

4. Expand the student's problem solving and critical thinking skills.

5. Increase the student's confidence and comfort level in using mathematics.

The student will be able to demonstrate each of the following skills in writing on one

or more tests without referring to notes, textbook, or other resources:

involving integers and/or fractions and any combination of addition,

subtraction, multiplication, division, whole number exponents, and parentheses.

2. Write the prime factorization of a given natural number greater than 1 and less

than 1000.

3. Correctly evaluate expressions involving addition, subtraction, multiplication,

and division of pairs of numbers from the following categories, and express the

answers in simplest form: a) integers, b) decimal numbers, c) fractions with

unlike denominators and mixed numbers (in combination with each other and

with whole numbers).

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4. Use the symbols < , > , and = to correctly identify the size relation between

pairs of integers, pairs of fractions with unlike denominators, pairs of decimals,

and a fraction compared with a decimal.

5. Correctly round a given whole number or decimal number to a given place value.

6. a) Using words, correctly write the name of a given whole number, less than

one quadrillion, shown written in standard decimal form.

b) Using words, correctly write the name of a given positive number, less than

one, shown written in standard decimal form.

c) Correctly write a whole number, less than one quadrillion, in standard

decimal form when given its name written in words.

d) Correctly write a positive number, less than one, in standard decimal form

when given its name written in words.

7. a) When given two quantities (measured with either the same or different

units), correctly express their relationship using a ratio or rate written in

simplest fraction form.

b) Correctly write a unit rate involving two given quantities.

8. Correctly set up and solve a proportion when given a verbal description of a

proportional situation in which one quantity is unknown.

9. Correctly convert a given number from one of the following forms to each of the

other two forms: a) percent, b) fraction/mixed number, c) decimal.

10. Find the missing percent, base, or amount when given the other two using

either the percent equation percent base = amount

amount percent

or the percent proportion .

base 100

11. Correctly evaluate expressions involving only rational numbers, absolute value

symbols, and negative signs.

12. a) Correctly convert given numbers greater than 10 from scientific notation to

standard decimal form.

b) Correctly convert given numbers less than 0.1 from scientific notation to

standard decimal form.

c) Correctly convert given numbers greater than 10 from standard decimal form

to scientific notation.

d) Correctly convert given numbers less than 0.1 from standard decimal form

to scientific notation.

13. Correctly use the Distributive Property, Commutative and Associative

Properties of Addition and Multiplication, and combining like terms to simplify

a variable expression.

14. Correctly solve linear equations in one variable that may include variable

and/or constant terms on both sides of the equation and may include

expressions in parentheses.

15. Write a variable expression or equation that correctly represents an expression

described verbally in writing.

16. a) Convert measurements of length/distance, weight, and capacity to

equivalent measurements with different sized units within the U.S. Customary

System.

b) Convert measurements of length/distance, mass, and capacity to equivalent

measurements with different sized units within the Metric System (S.I.).

2

ATTENDANCE:

Class attendance is required. Do not schedule appointments that conflict

with class or require you to leave early.

Consider college to be your full-time employment. Just as any full-time job, you

must report for work every time you are scheduled. If a serious illness or

emergency makes it necessary to be absent, contact the professor the day of the

absence (as you would call your boss if you missed work). When you return to

class, arrange with another student to copy class notes; and ask the professor for

missed assignments, announcements or handouts. A student who is late for class

should ask for handouts, announcements and the attendance sheet after class.

Frequent lateness is not acceptable and results in point deduction.

You have 5 "sick days/personal days" for the semester. Additional absences will

result in points being deducted from your participation grade, just as missing too

many days of work results in dollars being deducted from your paycheck.

1. Drop in for tutoring in the Math Learning Center in D360. (It is FREE!)

2. Use the HM3 computer software that came with your textbook.

3. Videos that cover course content are available in the Math Learning Center.

4. Form a study group of fellow students and help each other. As you explain

math definitions, concepts, and procedures to each other, you all learn more

and benefit! You are welcome to meet together in the Math Learning Center.

INTEGRITY:

Each student must show his or her own work on all assignments and tests.

Copying someone else's work, or allowing your work to be copied, is not acceptable.

If there is evidence of cheating or inappropriate sharing of information, each

student involved will be severely penalized, in most cases receiving a zero.

HOMEWORK:

Homework exercises are very important because learning is most effective when the

student has frequent and repeated practice in applying skills. Each assignment will

be due at the beginning of the next class. Assignments should be neat, legible (easy

to read), and well organized, with page numbers, section numbers, and problem

numbers clearly labeled, and all work shown.

expected to spend an average of at least 2 hours of preparation

outside of class (reading, studying, and homework assignments) for

each hour of classroom instruction.

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TESTING:

There will be four or five unit tests, a vocabulary test, and a comprehensive final

exam. Expect quizzes that may not be announced ahead of time.

If an emergency arises the day of a test you must contact the professor that day to

let him know why you will not be there and to arrange another time to take the test.

If you do not contact the professor or leave a message, you will not be allowed to

reschedule the test and your score will be zero. Re-tests are not available.

The final exam will be held (tentatively) during final exam week - December 20, 21,

or 22. DO NOT make plans to leave or begin summer employment before 6 p.m. on

December 22, 2004. Tell your family members that you must not have airline,

train, or bus reservations that leave before then. The actual date and time will be

announced in class a few weeks before the final exam.

CALCULATORS:

The use of a calculator is not permitted on any tests or quizzes unless the student

has given the professor a valid accommodation form issued by the Student Support

Services program in the CAP.

GRADING:

The student's final course grade will be determined by averaging together the tests

mentioned above with a participation grade reflecting quiz scores, attendance and

homework completion. The letter grade will be assigned as shown below. Note that

the lowest passing average is 70%.

90% - 100% A extraordinary circumstances.

80% - 89.99% B

70% - 79.99% C

0% - 69.99% F

Exceptions:

1. One low unit test score may be replaced with the final exam score.

2. A student's final grade may be based on the average of just the final exam

and the vocabulary test as long as he/she has had excellent attendance and

homework completion.

Textbook

3-ring binder (11/2 works best)

Loose-leaf paper for homework and class notes

Pencils and good erasers

Colored pencils or multi-colored pens (for taking color-coded notes, if desired)

Index cards (for helping to learn vocabulary and procedures)

4

EXPECTATIONS FOR ALL STUDENTS (including those with accommodations

for physical or learning disabilities or other learning challenges ):

more important than getting the answer itself. Every student is expected to

demonstrate mastery of the algorithms (step-by-step procedures) for each of the

skills covered in class. On homework, tests, and quizzes students will be

required to show all the steps that document how they arrived at an answer.

Correct answers without any documentation will earn few (if any) points.

Here are a few examples of how this applies to students who are allowed by law

to use calculators because of physical or learning disabilities:

1. When asked to add 2 fractions with different denominators the student must

show how to find the least common multiple of the two denominators to be

used as a common denominator, then show how the original fractions can be

transformed into equivalent fractions that use this common denominator.

They will then show that only the numerators are added, while the common

denominator is copied into the sum. Finally, they need to document how the

answer is simplified to "lowest terms" by dividing each part of the fraction by

their greatest common factor. The calculator may be used as a tool for doing

the operations with whole numbers involved in the process, but the steps that

are written on the paper will look very much like the work of students who do

the problem correctly without the aid of a calculator. A correct answer that

results from using a calculator in "fraction mode" (where fractions are entered

in fraction form and the calculator automatically presents the answer in

simplest fraction form) will earn no credit. It is knowledge of the procedure

that is being tested, because this same procedure is used later in more

complex situations in which most calculators would be inadequate.

2. When asked to add decimal numbers, the student will be required to write the

numbers under each other with the decimal points aligned, and show the

decimal point of the sum also aligns with the decimal points of the addends.

3. In general, for any calculations done on a calculator, show what was entered

into the calculator. For example, when dividing 2511 by 9 and then adding

568, the student should write "2511 + 9 = 279" and "279 + 568 = 847", rather

than just writing the result 847. This is especially important in questions

involving more than one-step or calculation to reach the final answer.

If the professor is unable to hold class, a notice will be posted on the classroom

door. Be sure to read and follow the instructions (assignments, etc) on the

notice. If all classes at GCC need to be cancelled due to inclement weather or an

emergency, the information will be announced on the following radio and TV

stations:

WHAM AM (1180) Rochester WGCC PM (90.7) Batavia

Buffalo TV stations: WGRZ, WIVB, and WKBW

Rochester TV stations: WROC, WHEC, and WOKR (channels 8, 10, and 13)

5

MAT091 BASIC MATH - COURSE OUTLINE

Chapter 2: Fractions

Chapter 3: Decimals

Chapter 5: Percents

PLEASE NOTE: All dates listed are approximate, tentative and subject to change.

Actual test dates will be announced in class.

6

DETAILED OBJECTIVES FOR BASIC MATH (MATO91)

Upon completing each unit, the student should be able to demonstrate knowledge

of all of the mathematical vocabulary used in the unit. For each word or phrase on

the vocabulary list, the student should be able to:

a. Write a correct definition of the word or phrase

b. Recognize the definition of a word or phrase, and identify the concept being

defined

c. Identify an example which illustrates the meaning of the word or phrase

d. Make up an example to illustrate the meaning of the word or phrase

these units:

1. Identify the order relation between two numbers

2. Write whole numbers in words and in standard form

3. Round a whole number to a given place value

4. Add whole numbers with/without carrying

5. Subtract whole numbers with/without borrowing

6. Multiply whole numbers

7. Divide whole numbers with/without a remainder

8. Simplify expressions containing whole number exponents

9. Use the Order of Operations Agreement to evaluate numerical expressions

containing only whole numbers

10. Find all the whole number factors of a number

11. Write the prime factorization of a number

12. Solve application problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication,

and division of whole numbers

Chapter 2: FRACTIONS

1. Find the least common multiple (LCM) of two or more numbers

2. Find the greatest common factor (GCF) of two or more numbers

3. Write a fraction that represents part of a whole (as illustrated in a diagram)

4. Rewrite an improper fraction as a mixed number or a whole number

5. Rewrite a mixed number or whole number as an improper fraction

6. Write an equivalent fraction with a given denominator

7. Reduce a fraction to simplest form

8. Add fractions with like or unlike denominators

9. Add any combination of mixed numbers, whole numbers and fractions

10. Subtract fractions with like or unlike denominators

11. Subtract any combination of mixed numbers, whole numbers and fractions

12. Multiply fractions

13. Multiply any combination of mixed numbers, whole numbers and fractions

14. Divide fractions

15. Divide any combination of mixed numbers, whole numbers and fractions

16. Identify the order relation between two fractions

17. Simplify expressions containing fractions raised to powers (exponents)

7

18. Use the Order of Operations Agreement to evaluate numerical expressions

containing fractions

19. Solve application problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and

division of fractions and mixed numbers

Chapter 3: DECIMALS

1. Write decimals in standard form and in words

2. Round a decimal to a given place value

3. Add decimals

4. Subtract decimals

5. Multiply decimals

6. Divide decimals

7. Rewrite fractions as decimals

8. Rewrite decimals as fractions

9. Identify the order relation between two decimals

10. Identify the order relation between a fraction and a decimal

11. Solve application problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and

division of decimals

1. Write the ratio of two quantities in simplest form

2. Write rates

3. Recognize and describe similarities and differences between ratios and rates

4. Write unit rates

5. Solve application problems involving unit rates

6. Determine if a proportion is true

7. Solve a proportion

8. Solve application problems involving proportions

Chapter 5: PERCENTS

1. Rewrite a percent as a fraction

2. Rewrite a percent as a decimal

3. Rewrite a decimal as a percent

4. Rewrite a fraction as a percent

5. Use the equation percent x base = amount to solve for percent, base, or

amount when the other two quantities are known

amount percent

6. Solve percent problems using the proportion

base 100

7. Solve application problems involving percents

1. Convert measurements of length, distance, weight, capacity, area, volume,

pressure, speed, and time to different size units in U.S. Customary System

2. Convert measurements of length, distance, mass, and capacity to different

size units within the Metric System

3. Perform arithmetic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, and

division) with measurements within the U.S. Customary System or within the

Metric System

8

Chapter 10: RATIONAL NUMBERS

1. Identify the order relation between two signed rational numbers

2. Evaluate expressions containing absolute value notation

3. Add any combination of positive and/or negative rational numbers

4. Subtract any combination of positive and/or negative-rational numbers

5. Multiply any combination of positive and/or negative rational numbers

6. Divide any combination of positive and/or negative rational numbers

7. Convert a number from standard decimal form to scientific notation

8. Convert a number from scientific notation to standard decimal form

9. Use the Order of Operations Agreement to evaluate numerical expressions

containing negative as well as positive numbers

1. Evaluate variable expressions

2. Simplify variable expressions containing no parentheses

3. Simplify variable expressions containing parentheses, using the Distributive

Law of Multiplication over Addition

4. Determine whether a given value is a solution of an equation

5. Solve an equation of the form x + a = b

6. Solve an equation of the form ax = b

7. Solve an equation of the form ax + b = cx + d

8. Solve a linear equation (in one variable) containing parentheses

9. Translate a verbal expression into a mathematical expression

10. Translate a complete sentence into an equation and solve it

1. Rewrite an expression containing negative exponents so that it contains only

positive exponents

2. Multiply two expressions having the same base: y m y n

3. Multiply two monomials

4. Divide two expressions having the same base: x m x n

5. Divide two monomials

6. Raise a power to a power

7. Raise a product to a power

8. Raise a quotient (fraction) to a power

1. Define and describe the characteristics of lines, angles, and geometric figures

using standard mathematical vocabulary

2. Find the perimeter of geometric figures

3. Find the area of geometric figures

4. Find the volume of geometric solids

5. Use proportions to find the lengths of missing sides when given similar

triangles

6. Solve application problems involving geometric figures

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