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STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS REPORT ON REINFORCED CONCRETE

BUILDING

OWNER:
Kamala Timilsina
Bharatpur-12

Submitted By: Submitted To:


Sahara Engineering Solution Bharatpur Sub-Metropolitan
Bharatpur-10, Chitwan Chitwan, Nepal

March 2016
CERTIFICATION

This Certificate is submitted with reference to the detail structural design of multi storied
building of the following detail.

Owner : Kamala Timilsina


Address : Bharatpur-12
No. of Storey : G+2
Size of Column : (14"x14") and (12"x12")
Size of Beam : (9"x16")
Concrete Grade : M20
Rebar : Fe 415
Other details are attached in the design documents.

All the designs are done as per the design criteria specified in NBC 000:1994 to 114:1994,
NBC 205:2012, IS 456:2000, IS:875 and relevant other Indian design codes.

The referenced calculations were prepared by us / under our supervision and comply with all
applicable structural provisions of the Construction Codes.

We hereby certify that the design is structurally adequate and economic. However, during
construction the use of construction materials and workmanship is to be carried out under the
supervision of qualified and certified technical person.

The designer is not responsible for the violence of the specifications provided.

Analysed By : Checked By :

Er. Suraj Khatiwada Er. Ashim Adhikari


NEC No. 6268 CIVIL 'A' NEC No. 7464 CIVIL 'A'
+977-9843069923 (Structure Engineer)
+977-9841547347

On behalf of :
Sahara Engineering Solution
Bharatpur-10, Chitwan
STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS REPORT ON REINFORCED CONCRETE
BUILDING

CONTENTS

1.0 INTRODUCTION

2.0 DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

3.0 LOADING AND LOAD COMBINATIONS

3.1 DEAD LOAD AND SIDL


3.2 LIVE LOADS
3.3 SEISMIC LOAD
3.4 LOAD COMBINATIONS

4.0 ANALYSIS OF THE STRUCTURE

4.1 LOAD CALCULATIOS


4.2 SKETCHES SHOWING THE MODEL

5.0 DESIGN OF TYPICAL COLUMNS & FOOTINGS

6.0 DESIGN OF SLAB

7.0 DESIGN OF BEAM

8.0 DESIGN OF STAIR

9.0 LIST OF DESIGN CODES AND STANDARDS

10.0 RESULT SUMMARY

11.0 DESIGN SPECIFICATION


1.0 INTRODUCTION

The analysed proposed reinforced concrete framed structure consists of G+2 Storey

The structural system chosen is Moment Resisting RCC Frames. Columns and beams have
been laid out in plan in coordination with architectural and services planning that acts jointly
support and transmit to the ground those forces arising from earthquake motions, gravity and
live load. The structure is designed by carrying out the space frame analysis.

A three dimensional mathematical model of the physical structure represents the spatial
distribution of the mass and stiffness of the structure. Thus, the essential requirements for the
analytical model are the conclusion of sufficient details of geometry, material, loading and
support such that it reflects the near true behavior of the physical structure for the structural
modelling of the present building SAP 2000 V-14 software was used.

The analysed structure is found to be safe against the all the load combinations and designed
for the governing load combination. The load combinations considered for the designing of
structure using limit state method are listed in this report.

M20 grade concrete is used for different RC members of super-structure and sub structure.
The steel grade for all the structural elements is Fe415

1
2.0 DESIGN PHILOSOPHY

The Design of the total structure is based on the Limit State method of design as envisaged in Nepal
National Building Codes (NBC) and Indian Standard codes of practice. Structure is designed for
Dead loads, Imposed loads (floor finishes), service loads, taking into consideration of the relevant
codes and load combination specified in the codes.

The structure is designed using individual footings under the columns designed for a safe bearing of
175KN/m2. The Strata is in general stiff clay having the above strength and is available at most of
the places at a depth of 2.0m below naturural ground level. In case such strata is not available at
this depth, foundations are taken deeper to required strata.

2
3.0 LOADINGS AND LOAD COMBINATIONS

3.1 DEAD LOAD AND SIDL

3.1.1 Dead Load is the self weight of the slab.

Self weight of 110 mm thick slab = 0.110 x 25.00


= 2.750 KN/m2

3.1.2 SIDL (Super Imposd Dead Load)

a) From 1st floor level to 3rd floor level


Floor Finishes = 1.00 KN/m2

b) Roof level
Floor Finishes = 1.00 KN/m2

3.2 LIVE LOADS

a) From 1st floor level to 3rd floor level


Live Load in rooms = 2.00 KN/m2
Live Load in Balconies & Corridors = 3.00 KN/m2

b) Roof level
Live Load (accessible) = 1.50 KN/m2
Live Load (Non-accessible) = 1.00 KN/m2

c) Stair
Live Load = 3.00 KN/m2

3.3 SEISMIC LOAD

3.3.1 Seismic Coefficient Method


Nepal National Building Code NBC105:1994 contains provisions for both the static
analysis and the dynamic analysis of buildings. Static analysis using equivalent lateral
force procedure is restricted to regular buildings having height up to 40 m. At the core of
seismic analysis is the use of response spectra plot as given in figure 8.1 of NBC
105:1994, in which the spectral acceleration is plotted for Wide range of fundamental
natural period of the structures. For the static analysis, the static forces in the structure
are derived from the design seismic base shear (V) given by;

Horizontal seismic base shear, V=Cd*Wt


Where,
Cd = Design Horizontal Seismic Coefficient
Wt = Seismic Weight of the building

3
Design Horizontal Seismic Coefficient Cd = CZIK
Where,
C = Basic seismic coefficient as per figure 8.1, NBC 105:1994
Z = Seismic zoning factor, figure 8.2
I = Importance factor for the buildings, table 8.1
K = Structural performance factor, table 8.2

Determining seismic Load based on NBC 105:1994

Seismic zoning factor, Z = 0.99


Importance factor, I = 1.00
Structural Performance Factor, K = 1.00
Height of the Building = 12.80m
Dimension of the building along X, Dx = 8.84m
Dimension of the building along Y, Dy = 13.72m
Time preiod of the building along X, Tx = 0.39 sec
Time preiod of the building along Y, Ty = 0.31 sec
Soil Type = II
Basic Seismic coefficient along X, C = 0.08
Basic Seismic coefficient along Y, C = 0.08
Design Horizontal Seismic Coefficient, Cd = 0.08
Seismic Weight of the Building (DL+0.25LL) = 4120.44
Base Shear = 326.34

Distribution of Lateral Forces along different Storey


Storey Storey
Wi Wi*Hi Fi=V*(WiHi/WiHi)
Level Height (Hi)
Stair Cover 12.80 135.23 1730.89 21.71
3rd floor 9.60 1025.44 9844.22 123.46
2nd floor 6.40 1554.59 9949.38 124.78
st
1 floor 3.20 1405.18 4496.59 56.39
Total 4120.44 26021.08 326.34

3.4 LOAD COMBINATIONS

The analysis & designs are done for the following load combinations using limit state method.

S.NO Load Comb Description

1) Comb 1 1.0 (Dead Load) + 1.3 (Live Load) + 1.25 (Eqx)

2) Comb 2 1.0 (Dead Load) + 1.3 (Live Load) - 1.25 (Eqx)

3) Comb 3 1.0 (Dead Load) + 1.3 (Live Load) + 1.25 (Eqy)

4) Comb 4 1.0 (Dead Load) + 1.3 (Live Load) - 1.25 (Eqy)

4
5) Comb 5 0.9 (Dead Load) + 1.25 (Eqx)

6) Comb 6 0.9 (Dead Load) - 1.25 (Eqx)

7) Comb 7 0.9 (Dead Load) + 1.25 (Eqy)

8) Comb 8 0.9 (Dead Load) - 1.25 (Eqy)

9) Comb 9 1.0 (Dead Load) + 1.3 (SL) + 1.25 (Eqx)

10 ) Comb 10 1.0 (Dead Load) + 1.3 (SL) - 1.25 (Eqx)

11 ) Comb 11 1.0 (Dead Load) + 1.3 (SL) + 1.25 (Eqy)

12 ) Comb 12 1.0 (Dead Load) + 1.3 (SL) - 1.25 (Eqy)

13 ) S. WT 1.0 ( Dead Load ) + 0.25 (Live Load)

Note:
SL = Snow Load (Not Considered)
S. WT = Seismic Weight
Dead Load = Selfweight of the structure + SIDL

5
4.0 ANALYSIS OF THE STRUCTURE

4.1 LOAD CALCULATIONS

a) At Ground Floor level


230 mm thick brick wall load = 0.23 x 3.20 x
x 20 = 14.72 KN/m

115mm thick brick wall load = 0.115 x 3.20 x


x 20 = 7.36 KN/m

Live Load in rooms = 2.00 KN/m2


Live Load in Balconies & Corridors = 3.00 KN/m2

b) At 1st to 3rd floor level


Dead load = Self weight of the Slab + SIDL
= 2.750 + 1.00 = 3.75 KN/m2

115 mm thick brick wall load = 0.12 x 3.20 x


x 20 = 7.36 KN/m

115mm thick brick wall load = 0.115 x 3.20 x


x 20 = 7.36 KN/m

Live Load in rooms = 2.00 KN/m2


Live Load in Balconies & Corridors = 3.00 KN/m2

c) Roof level
Dead load = Self weight of the Slab + SIDL
= 2.750 + 1.00 = 3.75 KN/m2
Live Load (accessible) = 1.50 KN/m2
Live Load (Non-accessible) = 1.00 KN/m2

= 0.115 x 1.00 x
(considering 1000mm height) x 20 = 2.30 KN/m

For analysys of the structure,. The height of the structure is as per the approved architectural
drawings.

The total building height above ground level is 12.8 m and below ground level is considered 2.0m

The floor heights are as follows.

6
3.200
Stair Cover
3.200
Second floor
12.8m
3.200
First floor
3.200
Ground floor

The sketches showing the model created for the analysis are shown in the following pages.

7
4.2 SKETCHES SHOWING THE MODEL

4.2.1 3D Model

8
4.2.2 Column Joint Label

9
4.2.3 Deformed Shape

10
4.2.4 Axial Force Diagram

0.00

11
4.2.5 Moment Diagram

12
5.0 DESIGN OF COLUMNS AND FOOTINGS

5.1 DESIGN OF COLUMN AND FOOTING

5.1.1 Design of Column (C1) - 79, 80, 83, 84 Ground Floor Only(From SAP)

Size of the Column ( 350 x 350 ) mm M 20


Fy 415

Checking the slenderness of the column

Length of column, L = 3.200 m

Effective length of column = 0.707 x L


= 2.262 m

Effective lenth of column / least lateral dimension = 2.262 / 0.35


6.5 < 12
Hence this is Short column
From the SAP results,

The governing condition for the design of column and footing is the case 3

Pu = 875 KN
My = 81.42 KNm
Mz = 42.88 KNm

Therefore for design,


Pu = 875 KN ,

Mu = Sqrt ( My2 + Mz2)


= 92 KNm

Minimum moment due to minimum eccentricity of column is


Min. Mu = 0.020 x 875.20 = 17.50 KNm

3
Pu = 875 x 10
fck.B.D 20 x 350 x 350

= 0.357

6
Mu 92.02 x 10
=
fck.B.D2 20 x 350 x 350 2

= 0.1073

d' 50
= = 0.14
D 350

p
= 0.081
fck

13
p = 0.081 x 20 = 1.62 %

Ac = 122500 mm2

2
Ast- req = 1.62 x 122500 = 1985 mm
100

Minimum % of reinforcement = 0.8/100 x 122500


980 mm2

Provide 4 nos. Tor 20 + 4 nos. Tor 16

2
Ast Provided (= 2061 mm )

Maximum % of reinforcement = 4/100 x 122500


= 4900 mm2

Reinforcement Provided for the section is more than mimimum and less than maximum
Hence safe

Diameter of lateral Ties

Dia. of tie not less than 5 mm, Provide Tor - 8 mm

Spacing of ties required = 256 mm

Provide Tor - 8 links @ 150 c/c

Check for minimum eccentricity In the direction of longer dimension

2262.4 350
e-min = + = 16.2 mm
500 30

e-min / lateral dimension = 0.046 < 0.05

Check for minimum eccentricity In the direction of shorter dimension

2262.4 350
e-min = + = 16.2 mm
500 30

e-min / lateral dimension = 0.046 < 0.05

Hence the following formula can be used for calculating load carrying capacity of the column

Pu = ( 0.4 x 20 x 1.000 x 122500


+ 0.67 x 415 x 2061 )

= 1553 KN > 875 KN Hence safe

14
5.1.2 Design of Footing

The governing condition for the design of footing is the case 3


M 20
For the above case, Fy 415

Pu = 875 kN Mu = 92 kNm

P = 875 = 583.5 KN
1.5

M = 92 = 61 KNm
1.5

Min. Mu = 0.020 x 875 = 18 KNm

M = 92.02 = 61.35 KNm


1.5

S.B.C = 175 KN/m2

2
Footing area = 583.5 x 1.00 = 3.33 m
175

2
Providing footing size 1.89 x 1.89 m ( 3.57 m )
Size of the column 0.35 x 0.35 m
350

425 14 no.s Tor - 12 14 no. s Tor- 12

100
1890 x 1890
100 100

Pressure from soil = 583.5 + 61.35 x 1.1


2
1.89 x 1.89 1.89 x 1.89

= 163.34 + 10.00

2
= 173.34 or 153.34 < S.B.C of Soil = 175 KN/m
Hence Safe
B = 1890 mm
L = 1890 mm

d = 425 - 50 - 12 - 12
2
= 357 mm

15
In Long Span Direction

2
Max. BM = 173.34 x 0.77 x 1.89
2
= 97 KNm

Check for Depth ( Bending Moment Consideration)

dreq = sqrt. { ( 1.5 x 97 x 1.00E+06 ) }


0.133 x 20 x 1890

= 170 mm < 357 mm Hence Safe

Mu/bd2 = 1.5 x 97.12 x 10 6

2
1890 x 357

= 0.60

Ast = 0.20 x 1890 x 357


100
2
= 1370 mm

2
Provide 14 nos. Tor - 12 ( = 1583 mm )

In Short Span Direction

2
Max. BM = 173.34 x 0.77 x 1.89
2
= 97 KNm

Check for Depth ( Bending Moment Consideration)

dreq = sqrt. { ( 1.5 x 97 x 1.00E+06 ) }


0.133 x 20 x 1890

= 170 mm < 357 mm Hence Safe

Mu/bd2 = 1.5 x 97.12 x 10 6

2
1890 x 357

= 0.60

Ast = 0.20 x 1890 x 357


100
2
= 1370 mm

2
Provide 14 nos. Tor - 12 ( = 1583 mm )

16
Check for One Way Shear ( Transverse shear check)
1890
Critical Section is at 'd' from
face of column.
350

357 350 1890

413
In Short Span Direction
Vu = 1.5 x 173.34 x ( 0.413
x 1.89 ) = 203.0 KN

Overall Depth at critical section = 425 mm

Effective depth at critical section = 425 - 62 - 12


2
= 357 mm

v = 203.0 x 1.00E+03 = 0.301 Mpa


1890 x 357

Percentage of reinforcement = 1583 x 100 = 0.235


1890 x 357

= 9.90

Shear Strength of Concrete, c = 0.350 > 0.301 Mpa


Safe in shear

Check for Two Way Shear ( Punching Shear Check)

1890
Critical Section is at 'd/2' from
face of column/pedestal 707

350

707 350 1890

17
Overall Depth at critical section = 425 mm

d = 425 - 62 - 12
2
= 357 mm

Vu = 1.5 x 173.34 x ( 3.57 - 0.71


x 0.707 )
= 798.8 KN

B = 2 x ( 707 + 707 )

= 2828 mm

v = 798.8 x 1.00E+03 = 0.79 Mpa


2828 x 357

Shear Strength of Concrete, c = ks . cc

cc = 0.25 sqrt ( 20 ) = 1.12 Mpa

where, ks = ( 0.5 + Short side of column )


Long side of column

= 0.5 + 350 = 1.50 > 1.0


350

c = 1.000 x 1.12

= 1.12 > 0.79 Mpa Hence Safe

18
5.2 DESIGN OF COLUMN AND FOOTING

5.2.1 Design of Column (C2) - 81, 82, 85, 86 (From SAP)

Size of the Column ( 300 x 300 ) mm M 20


Fy 415

Checking the slenderness of the column

Length of column, L = 3.200 m

Effective length of column = 0.707 x L


= 2.26 m

Effective lenth of column / least lateral dimension = 2.26 / 0.3


7.5 < 12
Hence this is Short column
From the SAP results,

The governing condition for the design of column and footing is the case 4

Pu = 600.68 KN
My = 25.78 KNm
Mz = 43.08 KNm

Therefore for design,


Pu = 601 KN ,

Mu = Sqrt ( My2 + Mz2)


= 50 KNm

Minimum moment due to minimum eccentricity of column is


Min. Mu = 0.020 x 600.68 = 12.01 KNm

3
Pu 601 x 10
=
fck.B.D 20 x 300 x 300

= 0.334

6
Mu 50.21 x 10
=
fck.B.D2 20 x 300 x 300 2

= 0.0930

d' 45
= = 0.15
D 300

p
= 0.08
fck

p = 0.080 x 20 = 1.6 %

Ac = 90000 mm 2

19
2
Ast- req = 1.6 x 90000 = 1440 mm
100

Minimum % of reinforcement = 0.8/100 x 90000


720 mm 2

Provide 4 nos. Tor 16 + 4 nos. Tor 16

2
Ast Provided (= 1608 mm )

Maximum % of reinforcement = 4/100 x 90000


= 3600 mm 2

Reinforcement Provided for the section is more than mimimum and less than maximum
Hence safe

Diameter of lateral Ties

Dia. of tie not less than 4 mm, Provide Tor - 8 mm

Spacing of ties required = 256 mm

Provide Tor - 8 links @ 150 mm c/c

Check for minimum eccentricity In the direction of longer dimension

2262.4 300
e-min = + = 14.5 mm
500 30

e-min / lateral dimension = 0.048 < 0.05

Check for minimum eccentricity In the direction of shorter dimension

2262.4 300
e-min = + = 14.5 mm
500 30

e-min / lateral dimension = 0.048 < 0.05

Hence the following formula can be used for calculating load carrying capacity of the column

Pu = ( 0.4 x 20 x 1.000 x 90000


+ 0.67 x 415 x 1608 )

= 1167 KN > 601 KN Hence safe

20
5.2.2 Design of Footing

The governing condition for the design of footing is the case 4


M 20
For the above case, Fy 415

Pu = 601 kN Mu = 50 kNm

P = 601 = 400.5 KN
1.5

M = 50 = 33 KNm
1.5

Min. Mu = 0.020 x 601 = 12 KNm

M = 50.21 = 33 KNm
1.5

S.B.C = 175 KN/m2

2
Footing area = 400.5 x 1.00 = 2.29 m
175

2
Providing footing size 1.60 x 1.60 m ( 2.56 m )
Size of the column 0.30 x 0.30 m
300

400 11 no.s Tor - 12 11 no. s Tor- 12

100
1600 x 1600
100 100

Pressure from soil = 400.5 + 33.47 x 1.1


2
1.6 x 1.6 1.60 x 1.60

= 156.43 + 8.99

2
= 165.42 or 147.44 < S.B.C of Soil = 175 KN/m
Hence Safe
B = 1600 mm
L = 1600 mm

d = 400 - 50 - 12 - 12
2
= 332 mm

21
In Long Span Direction

2
Max. BM = 165.42 x 0.65 x 1.60
2
= 56 KNm

Check for Depth ( Bending Moment Consideration)

dreq = sqrt. { ( 1.5 x 56 x 1.00E+06 ) }


0.133 x 20 x 1600

= 140 mm < 332 mm Hence Safe

Mu/bd2 = 1.5 x 55.91 x 10 6

2
1600 x 332

= 0.48

Ast = 0.17 x 1600 x 332


100
2
= 914 mm

2
Provide 11 nos. Tor - 12 ( = 1244 mm )

In Short Span Direction

2
Max. BM = 165.42 x 0.65 x 1.60
2
= 56 KNm

Check for Depth ( Bending Moment Consideration)

dreq = sqrt. { ( 1.5 x 56 x 1.00E+06 ) }


0.133 x 20 x 1600

= 140 mm < 332 mm Hence Safe

Mu/bd2 = 1.5 x 55.91 x 10 6

2
1600 x 332

= 0.48

Ast = 0.17 x 1600 x 332


100
2
= 914 mm

2
Provide 11 nos. Tor - 12 ( = 1244 mm )

22
Check for One Way Shear ( Transverse shear check)
1600
Critical Section is at 'd' from
face of column.
300

332 300 1600

318
In Short Span Direction
Vu = 1.5 x 165.42 x ( 0.318
x 1.60 ) = 126.2 KN

Overall Depth at critical section = 400 mm

Effective depth at critical section = 400 - 62 - 12


2
= 332 mm

v = 126.2 x 1.00E+03 = 0.238 Mpa


1600 x 332

Percentage of reinforcement = 1244 x 100 = 0.234


1600 x 332

= 9.92

Shear Strength of Concrete, c = 0.349 > 0.238 Mpa


Safe in shear

Check for Two Way Shear ( Punching Shear Check)

1600
Critical Section is at 'd/2' from
face of column/pedestal 632

300

632 300 1600

23
Overall Depth at critical section = 400 mm

d = 400 - 62 - 12
2
= 332 mm

Vu = 1.5 x 165.42 x ( 2.56 - 0.63


x 0.632 )
= 536.1 KN

B = 2 x ( 632 + 632 )

= 2528 mm

v = 536.1 x 1.00E+03 = 0.64 Mpa


2528 x 332

Shear Strength of Concrete, c = ks . cc

cc = 0.25 sqrt ( 20 ) = 1.12 Mpa

where, k s = ( 0.5 + Short side of column )


Long side of column

= 0.5 + 300 = 1.50 > 1.0


300

c = 1.000 x 1.12

= 1.12 > 0.64 Mpa Hence Safe

24
5.3 DESIGN OF COLUMN AND FOOTING

5.3.1 Design of Column (C3) - 75, 76, 77, 78, 87, 88, 89, 90 (From SAP)

Size of the Column ( 300 x 300 ) mm M 20


Fy 415

Checking the slenderness of the column

Length of column, L = 3.200 m

Effective length of column = 0.707 x L


= 2.26 m

Effective lenth of column / least lateral dimension = 2.26 / 0.3


7.5 < 12
Hence this is Short column
From the SAP results,

The governing condition for the design of column and footing is the case 4

Pu = 413.12 KN
My = 38.30 KNm
Mz = 44.24 KNm

Therefore for design,


Pu = 413 KN ,

Mu = Sqrt ( My2 + Mz2)


= 59 KNm

Minimum moment due to minimum eccentricity of column is


Min. Mu = 0.020 x 413.12 = 8.26 KNm

3
Pu 413 x 10
=
fck.B.D 20 x 300 x 300

= 0.230

6
Mu 58.52 x 10
=
fck.B.D2 20 x 300 x 300 2

= 0.1084

d' 45
= = 0.15
D 300

p
= 0.065
fck

p = 0.065 x 20 = 1.3 %

Ac = 90000 mm 2

25
2
Ast- req = 1.3 x 90000 = 1170 mm
100

Minimum % of reinforcement = 0.8/100 x 90000


720 mm 2

Provide 4 nos. Tor 16 + 4 nos. Tor 12

2
Ast Provided (= 1257 mm )

Maximum % of reinforcement = 4/100 x 90000


= 3600 mm 2

Reinforcement Provided for the section is more than mimimum and less than maximum
Hence safe

Diameter of lateral Ties

Dia. of tie not less than 4 mm, Provide Tor - 8 mm

Spacing of ties required = 192 mm

Provide Tor - 8 links @ 150 mm c/c

Check for minimum eccentricity In the direction of longer dimension

2262.4 300
e-min = + = 14.5 mm
500 30

e-min / lateral dimension = 0.048 < 0.05

Check for minimum eccentricity In the direction of shorter dimension

2262.4 300
e-min = + = 14.5 mm
500 30

e-min / lateral dimension = 0.048 < 0.05

Hence the following formula can be used for calculating load carrying capacity of the column

Pu = ( 0.4 x 20 x 1.000 x 90000


+ 0.67 x 415 x 1257 )

= 1069 KN > 413 KN Hence safe

26
5.2.2 Design of Footing

The governing condition for the design of footing is the case 4


M 20
For the above case, Fy 415

Pu = 413 kN Mu = 59 kNm

P = 413 = 275.4 KN
1.5

M = 59 = 39 KNm
1.5

Min. Mu = 0.020 x 413 = 8 KNm

M = 58.52 = 39 KNm
1.5

S.B.C = 175 KN/m2

2
Footing area = 275.4 x 1.00 = 1.57 m
175

2
Providing footing size 1.40 x 1.40 m ( 1.96 m )
Size of the column 0.30 x 0.30 m
300

400 11 no.s Tor - 12 11 no. s Tor- 12

100
1400 x 1400
100 100

Pressure from soil = 275.4 + 39.01 x 1.1


2
1.4 x 1.4 1.40 x 1.40

= 140.52 + 15.64

2
= 156.16 or 124.88 < S.B.C of Soil = 175 KN/m
Hence Safe
B = 1400 mm
L = 1400 mm

d = 400 - 50 - 12 - 12
2
= 332 mm

27
In Long Span Direction

2
Max. BM = 156.16 x 0.55 x 1.40
2
= 33 KNm

Check for Depth ( Bending Moment Consideration)

dreq = sqrt. { ( 1.5 x 33 x 1.00E+06 ) }


0.133 x 20 x 1400

= 115 mm < 332 mm Hence Safe

Mu/bd2 = 1.5 x 33.07 x 10 6

2
1400 x 332

= 0.32

Ast = 0.17 x 1400 x 332


100
2
= 799 mm

2
Provide 11 nos. Tor - 12 ( = 1244 mm )

In Short Span Direction

2
Max. BM = 156.16 x 0.55 x 1.40
2
= 33 KNm

Check for Depth ( Bending Moment Consideration)

dreq = sqrt. { ( 1.5 x 33 x 1.00E+06 ) }


0.133 x 20 x 1400

= 115 mm < 332 mm Hence Safe

Mu/bd2 = 1.5 x 33.07 x 10 6

2
1400 x 332

= 0.32

Ast = 0.17 x 1400 x 332


100
2
= 799 mm

2
Provide 11 nos. Tor - 12 ( = 1244 mm )

28
Check for One Way Shear ( Transverse shear check)
1400
Critical Section is at 'd' from
face of column.
300

332 300 1400

218
In Short Span Direction
Vu = 1.5 x 156.16 x ( 0.218
x 1.40 ) = 71.5 KN

Overall Depth at critical section = 400 mm

Effective depth at critical section = 400 - 62 - 12


2
= 332 mm

v = 71.5 x 1.00E+03 = 0.154 Mpa


1400 x 332

Percentage of reinforcement = 1244 x 100 = 0.268


1400 x 332

= 8.68

Shear Strength of Concrete, c = 0.370 > 0.154 Mpa


Safe in shear

Check for Two Way Shear ( Punching Shear Check)

1400
Critical Section is at 'd/2' from
face of column/pedestal 632

300

632 300 1400

29
Overall Depth at critical section = 400 mm

d = 400 - 62 - 12
2
= 332 mm

Vu = 1.5 x 156.16 x ( 1.96 - 0.63


x 0.632 )
= 365.5 KN

B = 2 x ( 632 + 632 )

= 2528 mm

v = 365.5 x 1.00E+03 = 0.44 Mpa


2528 x 332

Shear Strength of Concrete, c = ks . cc

cc = 0.25 sqrt ( 20 ) = 1.12 Mpa

where, k s = ( 0.5 + Short side of column )


Long side of column

= 0.5 + 300 = 1.50 > 1.0


300

c = 1.000 x 1.12

= 1.12 > 0.44 Mpa Hence Safe

30
6.0 DESIGN OF FLOOR SLAB

6.1 Design of Slab (In First Floors)

Span = 3.049 x 4.573 m M 20


Fe 415
Assuming 110 mm thick slab & 15 mm clear cover

loads

Self weight = 0.110 x 25.00 = 2.75 KN/m2

Live Load = 2.00 KN/m2

Floor Finishes = 1.00 KN/m2

Total load = 5.75 KN/m2

Factored load = 1.50 x 5.75 = 8.63 KN/m2

End condition : Two adjacent edge discontineous

( From Table 26 of IS 456 - 2000 ) for ly/lx = 1.50

At continuous edge

2
Maximum BM, Mu = 0.0750 x 8.63 x 3.049
( In short span direction ) = 6.01 KNm

2
Maximum BM, Mu = 0.047 x 8.63 x 3.049
( In long span direction ) = 3.77 KNm

At mid span

2
Maximum BM, Mu = 0.056 x 8.63 x 3.049
( In short span direction ) = 4.49 KNm

2
Maximum BM, Mu 0.035 x 8.63 x 3.049
( In long span direction ) = 2.81 KNm

Provided d = 110 - 15 - 8 -
(for long span) 8 / 2 = 83 mm

Provided d = 110 - 15 -
(for short span) 8 / 2 = 91 mm

31
i). At Continuous edge

a). In short span direction

6
Mu 6.01 x 10
= = 0.73
b.d2 1000 x 91 2

pt = 0.248 %

minimum steel to be provided in slabs = 0.12 %

Ast = 0.248 x 1000 x 91 = 226 mm2


100

Provide Tor - 8 @ 150 mm c/c ( = 335 mm2 )


at top in short span direction

b). In long span direction

6
Mu 3.77 x 10
= = 0.55
b.d2 1000 x 83 2

pt = 0.218 %

minimum steel to be provided in slabs = 0.12 %

Ast = 0.218 x 1000 x 83 = 181 mm2


100

Provide Tor - 8 @ 150 mm c/c ( = 335 mm2 )


at top in long span direction
ii). At mid span

a). In short span direction

6
Mu 4.49 x 10
= = 0.54
b.d2 1000 x 91 2

pt = 0.218 %

minimum steel to be provided in slabs = 0.12 %

Ast = 0.218 x 1000 x 91 = 198 mm2


100

Provide Tor - 8 @ 150 mm c/c ( = 335 mm2 )


at bottom In short span direction

32
b). In long span direction

6
Mu 2.81 x 10
= = 0.41
b.d2 1000 x 83 2

pt = 0.158 %

minimum steel to be provided in slabs = 0.12 %

Ast = 0.158 x 1000 x 83 = 131 mm2


100

Provide Tor - 8 @ 150 mm c/c ( = 335 mm2 )


at bottom in long span direction
Check for depth provided

For, pt = 0.248 %

3049 (span) = 33.5 x 1.3 = 43.55401


91 (d)

dreq. = 3049 / 43.55

= 70.0 < 83 mm Hence Safe

33
7.0 DESIGN OF BEAMS

7.1 Design of Beam - floor level @ Z=3.2m to Z= 6.4m (Frame ID B2-B3 )


M 20
( 230 x 400 ) Fe 415

Factored bending moments obtained from SAP analysis are,

At mid span = 64.50 KNm { Member ID 14 From SAP}

At supports = 96.54 KNm


( At face of the column )

i). At midspan Mu = 64.50 KNm

X = 2 x 33 + 2 x 49
2 + 2

= 41.0

d = 400 - X = 400 - 41.0

= 359.0 mm

d| = 33.0 = 0.09
d 359.0

6
Mu 64.50 x 10
= = 2.18
bd2 230 x 359.0 2

pt = 0.701 ;

Ast = 0.701 x 230 x 359.0 = 579


100 mm 2

Provide 2 Nos. Tor - 16 + 2 Nos. Tor - 12


( = 628 mm2 ) ------- Bottom steel

Asc = 0.613 x 230 x 359.0 = 506


100 mm 2

Provide 3 Nos. Tor - 16 + 0 Nos. Tor - 12


( = 603 mm2 ) ------- Top steel

ii). At supports Mu = 96.54 KNm

X = 3 x 33 + 3 x 49
3 + 3

= 41.0 mm

d = 400 - X = 400 - 41.0


= 359.0 mm

34
6
Mu 96.54 x 10
= = 3.26
bd2 230 x 359.0 2

d| = 33

d| = 33 = 0.09
d 359.0

pt = 1.100 ;

Ast = 1.100 x 230 x 359.0 = 908


100 mm 2

Provide 3 Nos. Tor - 16 + 3 Nos. Tor - 12


( = 942 mm2 ) ------- Top steel

Asc = 0.715 x 230 x 359.0 = 590


100 mm 2

Provide 2 Nos. Tor - 16 + 2 Nos. Tor - 12


( = 628 mm2 ) ------- Bottom steel

Shear Design

At effective depth d, Vu = 126.60 KN

100 Ast = 100 x 942 = 1.14 ( Pt )


bd 230 x 359.0

( c from SP-16, Table-61 for Pt = 1.14 )

c = 0.700 < c,max = 3.1 N/mm 2

Vus = Vu - c.b.d ( Vus = shear to be carried by stirrups )

= 126600 - 0.700 x 230 x 359.0

= 68.80 KN

Spacing = 0.87 . fy . Asv . d


Vus

= 0.87 x 101 x 415 x 359.0


68.8 x 1000

= 189 mm

Provide 2L Tor - 8 Stirrups @ 150 c/c

35
7.2 Design of Beam - floor level @ Z=3.2m to Z=12.8m (Remaining Beam)
M 20
( 300 x 400 ) Fe 415

Factored bending moments obtained from SAP analysis are,

At mid span = 22.16 KNm { Member ID 178 From SAP}

At supports = 42.95 KNm


( At face of the column )

i). At midspan Mu = 22.16 KNm

X = 2 x 33 + 1 x 49
2 + 1

= 38.3

d = 400 - X = 400 - 38.3

= 361.7 mm

d| = 33.0 = 0.09
d 361.7

6
Mu 22.16 x 10
= = 0.56
bd2 300 x 361.7 2

pt = 0.369 ;

Ast = 0.369 x 300 x 361.7 = 400


100 mm 2

Provide 2 Nos. Tor - 16 + 1 Nos. Tor - 12


( = 515 mm2 ) ------- Bottom steel

Asc = 0.369 x 300 x 361.7 = 400


100 mm 2

Provide 2 Nos. Tor - 16 + 1 Nos. Tor - 12


( = 515 mm2 ) ------- Top steel

ii). At supports Mu = 42.95 KNm

X = 2 x 33 + 2 x 49
2 + 2

= 41.0

d = 400 - X = 400 - 41.0

= 359.0 mm

36
6
Mu 42.95 x 10
= = 1.11
bd2 300 x 359.0 2

d| = 33

d| = 33 = 0.09
d 359.0

pt = 0.525 ;

Ast = 0.525 x 300 x 359.0 = 566


100 mm 2

Provide 2 Nos. Tor - 16 + 2 Nos. Tor - 12


( = 628 mm2 ) ------- Top steel

Asc = 0.369 x 300 x 359.0 = 397


100 mm 2

Provide 2 Nos. Tor - 16 + 1 Nos. Tor - 12


( = 515 mm2 ) ------- Bottom steel

Shear Design

At effective depth d, Vu = 74.18 KN

100 Ast = 100 x 628 = 0.58 ( Pt )


bd 300 x 359.0

( c from SP-16, Table-61 for Pt = 0.58 )

c = 0.490 < c,max = 3.1 N/mm 2

Vus = Vu - c.b.d ( Vus = shear to be carried by stirrups )

= 74175 - 0.490 x 300 x 359.0

= 21.40 KN

Spacing = 0.87 . fy . Asv . d


Vus

= 0.87 x 101 x 415 x 359.0


21.4 x 1000

= 609 mm

Provide 2L Tor - 8 Stirrups @ 150 c/c

37
8. DESIGN OF STAIR
M 20
Fe 415
Tread = 260 mm
Riser = 180 mm

Effective Horizontal Span


For AB and CD (L+F) = 3.748 m

8.1 Loading Calculation


Considering 1m stripe of slab
Assuming landing and waist slab thickness = 115 mm

Weight of slab on slope w' = 2300 N/m2


Weight on horizontal area w'' = 2797 N/m2
Dead Load of Steps w* = 1800 N/m2
Weight of Finishning w** = 100 N/m2
Live Load Lv = 2500 N/m2

2
Total Load WS = 9497 N/m

For Landing Portion

Dead Load = 2300 N/m2


Weight of Finishning w** = 100 N/m2
Live Load Lv = 2500 N/m2

2
Total Load WL = 4900 N/m

8.2 Design Section 9497 N/m


4900 N/m
8.2.1 For Flight AB
L1 = 1.067
F1 = 2.48 B 1.067 m 2.48 m A
L = 3.55
Fig - 1 Loading
1 2
RA = x [ ((0.5 x WL) x (0.5 x L1 ))+(WS x F1 x ((0.5 x L1)+ F1)))]
L
= 15717.948 N

1
RB = x [ (0.5 X (WS x F12))+ ((0.5 x WL) x L1 x (L-(0.5 X L1)))]
L
= 10459.499 N

SF is Zero at XA = 1.65 m from A

38
M max = [(RA x XA) - (WS x XA2 x 0.5)]
= 13006396 N-mm

Depth d = Sqrt (M/(1000 x R))


= 123.7 mm ~ 124.0 mm

Provide Overall Depth D = 140 mm

Area of Steel Ast = 861 mm2

Using bars of 12 mm A = 113.097 mm2

Spacing = 131.33 mm

Adopt Spacing = 125 mm

1000
No of Bars Required = = 8 Nos
125

2
Area of Steel Provided = 905 mm /m OK

Provide 10 mm @125 mm C/C

Distribution Reinforcement Asd = 1.5D = 210 mm2

Provide 8 mm @150 mm C/C

Shear Check

V
Nominal Shear tv = = 0.13 < 0.6 Safe in Shear
bd

8.2.2 For Flight BC 9497 N/m


2450 N/m 2450 N/m
L1 = 1.067 m
L2 = 1.067 m
F2 = 1.24 m B 1.0671 m 1.241 m 1.0671 m C
L = 3.37 m

RC=RB = 0.5 x (0.5 x WL x L1 + W S x F2 + W L x L2)

= 8505.1085 N

M max = [(RC x 0.5 x L)-(WL x L1 x (L1+F2) x 0.5)-0.5 x WS x (F2 x 0.5)2)] x 1000


= 9507616 N-mm

39
Depth d = Sqrt (M/(1000 x R))
= 105.8 mm ~ 106.0 mm

Provide Overall Depth D = 140 mm

Area of Steel Ast = 736 mm2

Using bars of 12 mm A = 113.097 mm2

Spacing = 153.58 mm

Adopt Spacing = 120 mm

1067.073
No of Bars Required = = 9 Nos
120

2
Area of Steel Provided = 1006 mm OK

Provide 10 mm @120 mm C/C

Distribution Reinforcement Asd = 1.5D = 210 mm2

Provide 8mm @150 mm C/C

40
9.0 LIST OF DESIGN CODES AND STANDARDS

1). NBC- 000-114 :1994 : All relevant design codes in Nepal

2). IS 456 - 2000 : Code of Practice for Plain and Reinforced Concrete.

3). IS 875 - 1987 : Code of Practice for Design Loads ( other than Earth
Quake ) for Buildings and Structures.

4). IS 1893 ( Part 1) - 2002 : Code of Practice for Earth Quake resistant design of
Structures.

5). IS 13920 - 1993 : Code of Practice for Ductile Detailing of Reinforced


Concrete Structures Subjected to Seismic Forces.

6). SP : 16 - 1980 : Design Aids for Reinforced Concrete to IS 456 - 1978.

7). SAP 2000 - V 14 : Proprietary program of Research Engineers.

41
10.0 RESULT SUMMARY

1.0 Column Detail

Reinforcement detail
Column ID Type Size
GF to 1st floor 2nd floor
75 Square (12"x12") 4-16+4-12 4-16+4-12
76 Square (12"x12") 4-16+4-12 4-16+4-12
77 Square (12"x12") 4-16+4-12 4-16+4-12
78 Square (12"x12") 4-16+4-12 4-16+4-12
79 Square (14"x14") 4-20+4-16 4-16+4-12
80 Square (14"x14") 4-20+4-16 4-16+4-12
81 Square (12"x12") 4-16+4-16 4-16+4-16
82 Square (12"x12") 4-16+4-16 4-16+4-16
83 Square (14"x14") 4-20+4-16 4-16+4-12
84 Square (14"x14") 4-20+4-16 4-16+4-12
85 Square (12"x12") 4-16+4-16 4-16+4-16
86 Square (12"x12") 4-16+4-16 4-16+4-16
87 Square (12"x12") 4-16+4-12 4-16+4-12
88 Square (12"x12") 4-16+4-12 4-16+4-12
89 Square (12"x12") 4-16+4-12 4-16+4-12
90 Square (12"x12") 4-16+4-12 4-16+4-12

2.0 Beam Detail

3-16+3-12 3-16+0-12
2-16+2-12 2-16+2-12

At Support At Midspan
At Z=3.2m to Z= 6.4m (Frame ID B2-B3)

2-16+2-12 2-16+1-12
2-16+1-12 2-16+1-12

At Support At Midspan
At Z=3.2m to Z=12.8m (Remaining Beam)

For Strap Beam:-


Adopt 14"x20" Strap beam with 2-16+2-12 as top and bottom bar throughout.

42
11.0 CHECKLIST FOR STRUCTURAL DESIGN AND SPECIFICATION

S.N. Description As per submitted design


1. General:
Number of Storey G+2
Total height of structure 12.80m
Structure system Load Bearing . Frame Others .
If Computer Aided Design
(CAD) is used, please state the name
of the package
a) Provision for future extension Yes No
b) If Yes - How many floors will be
... Floors
extended?
c) Structural design consideration for
Yes ... No .
future extension.
2. Requirements of NEPAL NATIONAL BUILDING CODE (NBC)
2.1 NBC-000-1994 Requirements for Professionally Enngineered Building : An Introduction
International State-of-the-art .
Professionally Engineered Structures
Level of design:
Mandatory Rule of thumb .
Guidelines to rural buildings .
2.2 NBC 101:1994 Materials Specifications
Cement Coarse Aggregates
Fine Aggregates (Sand) ........ Building Lime
Tick the listed materials that ........ Natural building stones Bricks
will be used in the construction ........ Tiles Timber
........ Metal frames Structural steel
Other
In what manner / way have
Design Calculation BOQ .
you used NBC 101 ?
2.3 NBC 102-1994 Unit Weight of Materials
Where do you plan to apply .. Specifications Design Calculation
NBC 102 ? .. Bill of Quantity
Specify the design unit weight of
materials .
Steel 78 KN/m3
Brick 19 KN/m3
RCC 25 KN/m3
Brick Masonry 20 KN/m3
2.4 NBC 103-1994 Occupancy load (Imposed Load)
Proposed occupancy type Occupancy load
(Fill in only concerning occupancy Uniformly Distributed load
type) Concentrated Load (kN)
(kN/m2)
For Residential/Apartment
Buildings
Rooms and Kitchen 2.00
Corridors, Staircase, store 3.00
Balcony 3.00
..

43
2.5 NBC 104-1994 Wind load
Wind zone
Basic wind velocity .. m/s
2.6 NBC 105-1994 Seismic Design of Buildings in Nepal
Seismic coefficient method
Method of earthquake analysis: Model Response Spectrum method ..
.
Subsoil category II
Fundamental transactions period 0.39 sec
Basic seismic coefficient 0.08
Seismic zoning factor 0.99
Importance factor 1.00
Structural performance factor 1.00
2.7 NBC 106 : 1994 Snow load N/A
2.8 NBC 107: 1994 Provisional Recommendation on Fire Safety N/A
2.9 NBC 108: 1994 Site Consideration for Seismic Hazards
Distance from toe/beginning of
Distance from river bank
Soil type in footing Medium soil
Adopted safe bearing capacity 175 KN/m2
Type of foundation Isolated
Depth of foundation 2m
Soil test report available? Yes .. No
2.10 NBC 109 : 1994 Masonry : Unreinforced N/A
2.11 NBC 110 : 1994 Plain and Reinforced Concrete
Concrete grade M15 .. M20 M25 .. Other ..
Reinforcement Steel Grade Fe 415
Critical size of slab panel 10'0''x15'0''
Calculated short span to effective depth
33.50
ratio (L/d) for corresponding slab
Permissible L/d ratio 40
Effective depth 91 mm
Span correction factor
Tension reinforcement (Ast)Percent
Ast modification factor
Compression reinforcement
modification factor
Beam characteristics Condition of beams
Canti- Simply One side Both side
lever supported Continuous continuous
Maximum span/depth ratio 11.43
Span of corresponding beam Depth 4572 mm
of corresponding beam Width of 400 mm
corresponding beam 230 mm
Maximum slenderness ratio of column 6.5
Lateral dimension of corresponding column 350 mm
Limit State method
Design Philosophy: Working stress method ..
Ultimate strength method ..
Load Combinations:
1:
2: Mentioned in Design Sheets
3:
4:

44
2.12 NBC : 111-1994 Steel
Simple connection
Design assumption: Semi-rigid connection
Fully rigid connection
Yield Stress:
Least wall thickness
Exposed condition Pipe Webs of Composite
Standard size section
For Exposed Section
For not exposed section
Have you used Truss? Yes No
What is the critical span of purlin
Purlin size
Have you used steel post? Yes No
Slenderness ratio of the critical post

2.13 NBC : 112 Timber


Name of structural wood:
Modulus of Elasticity:
Critical span of the beam element
Designed deflection
Slenderness ratio of the critical post
Joint type:
2.14 NBC : 113 : 1994 Aluminium
Have you used aluminium as structure Yes
member? No
If yes, please mention the name of
design code.
2.15 NBC : 114 : 1994 Construction safety
Are you sure that all safety measures Yes
will be fulfilled in the construction site as per No ..
this code ?
Safety hard hat
Safety goggles
Safety wares use Safety boots
Safety belt
First aid facility

45