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The Design of Rolling Bearing Mountings

PDF 1/8:

Contents

Rolling Bearings
Rolling Bearings

FAG OEM und Handel AG

Publ. No. WL 00 200/5 EA

The Design of Rolling Bearing Mountings PDF 1/8: Contents Rolling Bearings FAG OEM und Handel AG

The Design of Rolling Bearing Mountings

Design Examples covering Machines, Vehicles and Equipment

Publ. No. WL 00 200/5 EA

FAG OEM und Handel AG

A company of the FAG Kugelfischer Group

Postfach 1260 · D-97419 Schweinfurt Telephone (0 97 21) 91-0 · Telefax (0 97 21) 91 34 35 Telex 67345-0 fag d

Preface

This publication presents design examples covering various machines, vehicles and equipment having one thing in common: rolling bearings.

For this reason the brief texts concentrate on the roll- ing bearing aspects of the applications. The operation of the machine allows conclusions to be drawn about the operating conditions which dictate the bearing type and design, the size and arrangement, fits, lubri- cation and sealing.

Important rolling bearing engineering terms are print- ed in italics. At the end of this publication they are summarized and explained in a glossary of terms, some supplemented by illustrations.

Contents

Example Title

PRIME MOTORS, ELECTRIC MOTORS

PDF

1

Traction motor for electric standard-gauge

locomotives

 

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2

Traction motor for electric

 

commuter trains

 

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2/8

3

Three-phase current standard motor

 

2/8

4

Electric motor for domestic appliances

 

2/8

5

Drum of a domestic washing machine

2/8

6

Vertical-pump motor

 

2/8

7

Mine fan motor

 

2/8

POWER ENGINEERING

 

8

Rotor of a wind energy plant

 

2/8

METALWORKING MACHINES

 

Work spindles of machine tools

 

2/8

9

Drilling and milling spindle

 

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2/8

10

NC-lathe main spindle

 

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2/8

11

CNC-lathe main spindle

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2/8

12

Plunge drilling spindle

 

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2/8

13

High-speed motor milling spindle

2/8

14

Motor spindle of a lathe

 

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2/8

15

Vertical high-speed milling spindle

2/8

16

Bore grinding spindle

 

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2/8

17

External cylindrical grinding spindle

 

2/8

18

Surface grinding spindle

 

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2/8

Other bearing arrangements

 

19

Rotary table of a vertical lathe

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2/8

20

Tailstock spindle

 

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2/8

21

Rough-turning lathe for round bars

 

and pipes

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2/8

22

Flywheel of a car body press

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2/8

MACHINERY FOR WORKING AND PROCESSING NON-METALLIC MATERIALS

23

Vertical wood milling spindle

 

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3/8

24

Double-shaft circular saw

 

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3/8

25

Rolls for a plastic calender

 

3/8

STATIONARY GEARS

 

26

Infinitely variable gear

 

3/8

27

Spur gear transmission for a reversing

 

rolling stand

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3/8

28

Marine reduction gear

 

3/8

29

Bevel gear – spur gear transmission

 

3/8

30

Double-step spur gear

 

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3/8

31

Worm gear pair

 

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3/8

Example Title

PDF

MOTOR VEHICLES

 

Automotive gearboxes

 

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3/8

32 Passenger car transmission

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3/8

33 Manual gearbox for trucks

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3/8

Automotive differentials

 

3/8

34 Final drive of a passenger car

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3/8

Automotive wheels

 

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3/8

35 Driven and steered front wheel of a

 

front drive passenger car

 

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3/8

36 Driven and non-steered rear wheel of a

rear drive passenger car

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3/8

37 Driven and non-steered rear wheel of a

rear drive truck

 

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3/8

38 Steering king pin of a truck

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3/8

39 Shock absorbing strut for the front

 

axle of a car

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3/8

Other automotive bearing arrangements

40 Water pump for passenger car and

 

truck engines

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3/8

41 Belt tensioner for passenger car engines . 3/8

RAIL VEHICLES

Wheelsets

42 Axle box roller bearings of an Intercity

train carriage

 

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4/8

43-44 UIC axle box roller bearings for

 

freight cars

 

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4/8

45 Axle box roller bearings of series 120's three-phase current locomotive

4/8

46 Axle box roller bearings for an ICE

 

driving unit

 

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4/8

47 Axle box roller bearings for the Channel

tunnel's freight engine, class 92

 

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4/8

48 Axle box roller bearings for an underground train

 

4/8

49 Axle box roller bearings for a light rail

vehicle

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4/8

50 Axle box roller bearings according to A.A.R. standard and modified types

4/8

51 Kiln trucks for sand lime brick works

4/8

Drives

52 Universal quill drive for threephase current locomotives of series 120

 

4/8

53 Suspension bearing arrangement for electric goods train locomotive

4/8

54 Spur gear transmission for the

 

underground or subway

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4/8

55 Bevel gear transmission for city trains

4/8

Contents

Example Title

 

PDF

 

SHIPBUILDING

Rudder shafts

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4/8

56-57 Spherical roller bearings as rudder

 
 

shaft bearings

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4/8

58-59 Spherical roller thrust bearings as

 
 

rudder carriers

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4/8

60

Spade-type rudder

4/8

Ship shafts

61-62 Ship shaft bearings and stern tube

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bearings

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4/8

63-64

. Ship shaft thrust blocks

4/8

PAPER MACHINES

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5/8

65

Refiners

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66

Suction rolls

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5/8

67

Central press rolls

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5/8

68

Dryer rolls

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5/8

69

Guide rolls

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5/8

70

Calender thermo rolls

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5/8

71

Anti-deflection rolls

5/8

72

preader rolls

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5/8

LIFTING AND CONVEYING EQUIPMENT

 

Aerial ropeways, rope sheaves

 

73

Run wheel of a material ropeway

 

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5/8

74

Rope return sheaves of passenger .

ropeway

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5/8

75

Rope sheave (underground mining)

5/8

76

Rope sheave of a pulley block

 

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5/8

Cranes, lift trucks

77

Crane pillar mounting with a spherical roller thrust bearing

 

5/8

78

Crane pillar mounting with a spherical roller thrust bearing and a spherical

 

roller bearing

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5/8

79

Roller track assembly

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5/8

80

Crane run wheel

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5/8

81

Crane hook

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5/8

82

Mast guidance bearings of a

 

fork lift truck

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5/8

Belt conveyors

83

Head pulley of a belt conveyor

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5/8

84

Internal bearings for the tension/ take-up pulley of a belt conveyor

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5/8

85

Rigid idlers

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5/8

86

Idler garland

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5/8

Example Title

 

PDF

 

Excavators and bucket elevators

 

87

Bucket wheel shaft of a bucket wheel .

excavator

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5/8

88

Bottom sprocket of a bucket chain

 

dredger

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5/8

89

Drive unit of a finished-goods elevator

5/8

CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY

90

Driving axle of a construction machine . 6/8

91

Vibrating road roller

 

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6/8

RAW MATERIAL PROCESSING

Crushers and mills

 

92

Double toggle jaw crusher

 

6/8

93

Hammer mill

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6/8

94

Double-shaft hammer crusher

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6/8

95

Ball tube mill

 

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6/8

96

Support roller of a rotary kiln

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6/8

Vibrating machines

 

6/8

97

Two-bearing screen with circle throw

6/8

98

Two-bearing screen with straight-line

motion

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6/8

99

Four-bearing screen

 

6/8

100

Vibrator motor

 

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6/8

STEEL MILL AND ROLLING MILL EQUIPMENT

101-103 Large-capacity converters

 

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6/8

104 Roll bearings of a non-reversing four-

 

high cold rolling stand for aluminium

6/8

105 Work rolls for the finishing section of a four-high hot wide strip mill

6/8

106 Roll mountings of a two-high ingot

 
 

slab stand or ingot billet stand

 

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6/8

107 Combined reduction and cogging wheel gear of a billet mill

 

6/8

108 Work rolls of a section mill

 

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6/8

109 Two-high rolls of a dressing stand for

 

copper and brass bands

 

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6/8

110 Straightening rolls of a rail straightener

. 6/8

 

AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY · FOOD INDUSTRY

111 Disk plough

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6/8

112 Plane sifter

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6/8

Contents

Example Title

Page

PRINTING PRESSES

 

113 Impression cylinders of a newspaper

 

rotary printing press

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7/8

114 Blanket cylinder of a sheet-fed offset .

press

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7/8

115

PUMPS

Centrifugal pump

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7/8

. 116-117 Axial piston machines

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7/8

VENTILATORS, COMPRESSORS, FANS

118 Exhauster

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7/8

119 Hot gas fan

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7/8

120 Fresh air blower

7/8

PRECISION MECHANICS, OPTICS, ANTENNAS

 

121 Optical telescope

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7/8

Radiotelescope

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7/8

Elevation axle

122 .

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7/8

123 Azimuth axis (track roller and king

 

pin bearings)

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7/8

124 Data wheel

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7/8

GLOSSARY

8/8

The Design of Rolling Bearing Mountings

PDF 2/8:

Prime motors, electric motors Power engineering Metalworking machines

Rolling Bearings
Rolling Bearings

FAG OEM und Handel AG

Publ. No. WL 00 200/5 EA

electric motors Power engineering Metalworking machines Rolling Bearings FAG OEM und Handel AG Publ. No. WL

The Design of Rolling Bearing Mountings

Design Examples covering Machines, Vehicles and Equipment

Publ. No. WL 00 200/5 EA

FAG OEM und Handel AG

A company of the FAG Kugelfischer Group

Postfach 1260 · D-97419 Schweinfurt Telephone (0 97 21) 91-0 · Telefax (0 97 21) 91 34 35 Telex 67345-0 fag d

Preface

This publication presents design examples covering various machines, vehicles and equipment having one thing in common: rolling bearings.

For this reason the brief texts concentrate on the roll- ing bearing aspects of the applications. The operation of the machine allows conclusions to be drawn about the operating conditions which dictate the bearing type and design, the size and arrangement, fits, lubri- cation and sealing.

Important rolling bearing engineering terms are print- ed in italics. At the end of this publication they are summarized and explained in a glossary of terms, some supplemented by illustrations.

Contents

Example Title

PRIME MOTORS, ELECTRIC MOTORS

PDF

1

Traction motor for electric standard-gauge

locomotives

 

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.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

2/8

2

Traction motor for electric

 

commuter trains

 

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.

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.

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.

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.

2/8

3

Three-phase current standard motor

 

2/8

4

Electric motor for domestic appliances

 

2/8

5

Drum of a domestic washing machine

2/8

6

Vertical-pump motor

 

2/8

7

Mine fan motor

 

2/8

POWER ENGINEERING

 

8

Rotor of a wind energy plant

 

2/8

METALWORKING MACHINES

 

Work spindles of machine tools

 

2/8

9

Drilling and milling spindle

 

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2/8

10

NC-lathe main spindle

 

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2/8

11

CNC-lathe main spindle

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2/8

12

Plunge drilling spindle

 

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2/8

13

High-speed motor milling spindle

2/8

14

Motor spindle of a lathe

 

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2/8

15

Vertical high-speed milling spindle

2/8

16

Bore grinding spindle

 

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2/8

17

External cylindrical grinding spindle

 

2/8

18

Surface grinding spindle

 

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.

.

.

.

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.

.

.

2/8

Other bearing arrangements

 

19

Rotary table of a vertical lathe

.

.

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.

2/8

20

Tailstock spindle

 

.

.

.

.

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2/8

21

Rough-turning lathe for round bars

 

and pipes

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2/8

22

Flywheel of a car body press

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2/8

1 Traction motor for electric standard-gauge locomotives

Operating data

Three-phase current motor supplied by frequency converter. Nominal output 1,400 kW, maximum speed 4,300 min 1 (maximum driving speed for transmis- sions with standard gear ratios is 200 km/h). One-end drive with herringbone gear pinion.

Bearing selection, dimensioning

Collective loads which cover representative load cases for the motor torque, speeds, and percentages of time for the operating conditions in question, are used to determine bearing stressing.

Load case

M d

n

q

N m

min 1

%

1 6,720

1,056

2

2 2,240

1,690

34

3 1,920

2,324

18

4 3,200

2,746

42

5 2,240

4,225

6

The collective load is the basis for determining the average speeds (2,387 min 1 ) and the average driving

speed (111 km/h). For each of the load cases the tooth load acting on the pinion and the reaction loads from the bearings have to be calculated both for forward and backward motion (percentage times 50 % each). In addition to these forces, the bearings are subjected to loads due to the rotor weight, the unbalanced mag- netic pull, unbalanced loads and rail shocks. Of these loads only the rotor weight, G L , is known; therefore, it

is multiplied by a supplementary factor f z = 1.5

depending on the type of motor suspension. The bear- ing loads are determined from this estimated load. For the spring-suspended traction motor shown, a supple- mentary factor f z = 1.5 is used.

The bearing loads from weight and drive allow the re- sultant bearing loading to be determined by vector addition. In this example only the critical transmis- sion-end bearing will be discussed. The attainable life

L

mula L hna = a 1 · a 23 · L h [h], taking into account the operating viscosity of the transmission oil at 120 °C, the rated viscosity 1 as well as the factors K 1 and K 2 . The basic a 23II factor is between 0.8 and 3. The cleanli- ness factor s is assumed to be 1. Then, L hna is obtained using the formula:

2.5 –

5

is determined for every load case using the for-

hna1

L hna =

100

q

1

q

2

q

3

L hna1

L hna2

L hna3

+

+

+

When selecting the bearing it should be ensured that the nominal mileage is reached and that, due to the high speed, the drive-end bearing is not too large. With the bearings selected the theoretical mileage of 2.5 million kilometers required by the customer can be reached.

A