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Digital India: An Emerging Economy

Reeta Malhotra

Ex-Faculty, Department of Commerce

Arya Adarsh Girls College, Madlauda

Contact No. 9050441407


Aakansha Sharma

Faculty, Department of Commerce

I.B P.G. College, Panipat -132103

Contact No. 9896865312


It is a well-known fact that digital India is the outcome of many innovations and
technological advancements. These transform the lives of people in many ways and will
empower the society, economy in a pretty better manner. The Digital India drive is a
dream project of the Indian Government to remodel India into a Knowledgeable,
economically strong, digitally empowered society, with good governance for citizens by
bringing synchronization and co-ordination in public accountability, digitally connecting
and delivering the government programs and services to mobilize the capability of
information technology across government departments. The 'Digital India' programme,
an initiative of honourable Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi, will emerge new
progressions in every sector of economy and generates innovative endeavours for geNext,
and this campaign started by PM is very impressive in economic development. So, Digital
India is a step by the government to inspire and connect Indian Economy to such a
knowledge savvy world. The program targets to make Government services available to
people digitally and enjoy the benefit of the newest information and technological
innovations, and provide all services to people in paperless mode. Hence, an attempt has
been made in this paper to understand Digital India as a campaign where technologies
and connectivity will come together to make an impact on all aspects of e- governance
and improve the quality of life of citizens.

Digital India, Digital Technology, E-governance, Innovations, Paperless.

Digital India is an ambitious programme to transform India into a digitally empowered
economy. Our honourable Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi has introduced this
programme from 1 July 2015. The motive behind this concept is to build participative,
transparent & responsible system. It focuses on providing high speed internet services to
its citizens & make services available in relative both for online & mobile platform. This
programme has been envisaged and coordinated by the department of electronics and
information technology in collaboration with central and state governments. Digital India
missions main aim is to bridge the connectivity gap between rural and urban areas.
Digitization is an inclusive technique of preservation and access to knowledge contents,
also it changes the ways in which collections are used and accessed. It is a social
transformation started by the massive adoption of digital technologies to generate
process, share and manage digital information. An attempt has been made in this paper
to understand Digital India as a campaign where technologies & connectivity will come
together for good governance. Digital India is ekrant which is set to revolutionise the
nation through electronic delivery of services including e-education, e-healthcare and
technology for planning.


Providing digital infrastructure as a utility to every individual.
Providing information on government policies, services and programmes to citizens.
Development of broadband highways across the country.
Focuses on achieving the government stated target of zero imports.
To provide transparency in economic transactions and proper regulatory


India is on the path to embracing digital technologies and following are the opportunities
The internet economy is expected to generate new market growth opportunities
and job in near future.
Embrace the opportunity as one of the leaders in the third industrial revolution.
Digital India vision inspired us to unveil over Cisco smart city today.
Digital technology can be helpful smart buildings, connected learning, smart work
spaces and smart parking.
Internet of things, internet of people and internet of process for India have a value
of (about half a trillion U.S dollars) for the next 10 years.


1. Digital Locker System: - aims to minimize the usage of physical documents and
enable sharing of e-documents across agencies it provide safe custody of documents
2. Swachh Bharat Mission: - used by people and government organizations for achieving
the goals of swachh bharat mission.
3. The Online Registration System: - this application provides online registration,
payment of fees and appointment, online diagnostic report etc.
4. Bharat Net:- a high speed digital highway to connect all 2.5 lakh gram panchayats of
the country .
5. Electronics Development Fund: - this policy aims to promote research and
development, innovation and product development.
6. National Scholarship Portal: - this initiative aims at making the scholarship process
easy. From submitting the application, verification, sanction, everything related to
government scholarship can be done on this single portal online.
7. Universal Mobile Access: - in the coming years, network technologies like 3G, 4G and
upcoming 5G will storm the speed. General public will access the online government
services with the help of handheld devices. Nation is ready to be well-connected,
efficient and more productive in every aspect.
8. Ekranti: - this kranti will fully focused on digital knowledge programme where
education, health, rights, financial and many more services will be delivered on very
high bandwidth. Physical boundaries no longer are a limitation when almost
everyone and everything is a digital.
9. Electronics Manufacturing: - this milestone will create a huge base for electronics
manufacturing in India with the aid of digital technologies and skills. The
empowerment of manufacturing through the internet of things will enable intelligent
workshops that demonstrate data driven operational excellence and decentralised
production control system within and beyond the physical factory walls.
10. Information For All: - websites and mobile apps will convey data and realistic
participation and through social media. Everything is connected through virtual
networks. Swift work flow and no delays due to wait in queues.
India ranks 91 on the networked readiness index 2016, a key component of the world
economic forums. The global information technology report 2016 .This report accesses
the factors, policies and institutions that enable a country to fully leverage ICT for increase
prosperity and crystalizes them into a global ranking of network readiness. Challenges in
the way of digital India are:-

Telecom infrastructure, IT infrastructure in the form of apps, software is insufficient.

Illiteracy level is still high in India and similar share of youth is not enrolled in secondary
education. Only 15 out of 100 household have access to the internet.

Universal access does not, however, guarantee a working network. Even in its major
cities, Indias mobile network so stressed that many times its broken, with call failures and
drop a common complaint.

Integration of technology and language is one of the main challenge the mission would
face in its implementation.

Cyber security is a major issue in the way of digital payments a wider adoption of digital
payments will invariably change the dimensions of risk, crime and security as well. Digital
pickpockets pose a range of threats to individuals, institutions and economic stability


Today digitalization can be seen as a tool of transformation which extends beyond over
lifestyle to the way we transact across all sectors, be this communication, media,
healthcare, retail and manufacturing. We are increasingly seeing the use of digital
technology. The cabinet approved a blueprint for the digital India programme, which
envisages all government services be delivered electronically by 2018. It will also provide
high speed internet as a core utility down to the gram panchayat level. Actual
programmes and road maps like bharat net and natonal optc fibre network (NOFN) have
delivered quantifiable objectives and milestones. The fibre optic cables and the trenching
have been covered around 80000 km during this time while optic fibre has reached till
24000 GPS. There are many projects under e-governance which are doing really well. E-
passport, online land registration projects like bhumi in Karnataka, ration cards and food
distribution services in some states are good examples. Land registration, college
admissions, commercial tax department, driving licences, vehicle registration certificates
and processing of intra-department files at the state secretariat have been digitised.
Various projects like digi-locker,, e sigh framework, swacch bharat mission
mobile app, national scholarship portal, e-hospital, digitize India platform, bharat net,
electronic development fund, centre of excellence on internet of things (IOT) have been
formed under the digital India programme.


During the last few decades, healthy living has become the major concern of society.
There has been an increased focus on health related matters. There are many ecological
benefits of digitization. Saving paper equates to saving trees and using less overall
supplies, which could position an organisation ahead of its competitors in terms of its
positive user sentiment. With digital documents and a document solution programme,
organisation will no longer have to worry about using hours or even days of time looking
for lost documents. Instead, everything will be available instantly via a computer search.
Digitization can help organisation to take advantage of new technologies and allow staff to
access records in and location it turns help in making ecological sustainable society as the
person does not use vehicle to go here and there and it controls pollution.


By the process of digitization, knowledge to an ever greater amount is being produced,
processed, communicated and preserved digitally. Digitization, despite being expensive at
the initiative level such as designing a website, scanning of documents, fast hardware,
software packages and good connection etc., its saves much of the production cost and
reasonable in comparison to the conventional form of distributing system of information.
With the usage of digital technology, such as pricing, reliability, speed and ease of use
determine the level of digitization, which in turn has a proven impact on reducing
unemployment, improving quality of life and boosting citizens, access to public services.
For digitization, a number of libraries, museums and publishers have been scanning their
older documents and rare images for many years and made them available through World
Wide Web.

Digital India is one of the most exciting initiatives in the country. The programme focuses
on e-governance solutions that leverage technology to improve the way the government
interacts with citizens. It ensures benefits especially in the areas of broadband expansion,
electronic manufacturing and e-governance. But there are many challenges in the way of
digitization. It include lack of proper infrastructure, illiteracy, limited access to internet etc.
government is making efforts to remove these hindrances by investment in digital
infrastructure, improving digital literacy and providing online services to citizens. Tech
giants from all over the world are willing to actively participate in this dream campaign. In
nutshell, this programme is useful to every citizen success of this programme will make
India digitally empowered and leader in usage of IT in delivery of services related to
various domains such as digital marketing, health, education, agriculture, banking etc.. Let
us all look forward for the successful implementation for this project for the brighter and
prosperous India.