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COMPANY NAME Project: Engineer: YP Project #

Date: 6/12/17 0615


PSLoss Subject: Checker: Page:
Copyright 2007 Date:
Rev. 04/04/2007
PRESTRESS LOSSES IN POST-TENSIONING TENDON

Ultimate strength of strand fpu = 270 ksi Units: US


dulus of elasticity of strand Es = 29000 ksi
ross-sectional area of strand 0.217 in
Number of strands in tendon 12
oss-sectional area of tendon 2.604 in
Tendon length 220 ft
urvature Friction Coefficient m = 0.25
Wobble Friction Coefficient K= 0.0002 1/ft
Anchor set DS = 0.375 in
Additional prestress losses DfLT = 20 ksi (long-term and elastic shortening)
Left Pull Right Pull
Stressing ratio FJack/fpu = 0.8 0.8
Stressing order 1 2
Summary of Results
Average stress after seating 187.14 ksi
Final average stress 167.14 ksi
inal average force in tendon 435.23 Kip
Right
Left Pull
Pull
Jacking stress FJack = 216 216 ksi
Jacking force PJack = 562.464 562.464 Kip
Anchor set influence zone Lc = 42.70 42.70 ft
Prestress losses at anchor DF = 34.58 34.58 ksi
Stress at anchor fanchor = 181.42 181.42 ksi
ress at end of inluence zone #VALUE! 198.71 ksi
Elongation before anchor set 16.60 1.19 in
Elongation after anchor set 16.22 0.81 in
Stress ratio at anchorage 0.672
x. stress ratio along tendon 0.736
Prestress, ksi

310

290

270

250

230

210

190

170

150
0Jacking from left
2 end 4 Jacking from right
6 end 8 10
After seating 12

Final After seating on left After seating on right


label points

file: file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/357740592.xls Sheet: Losses Page 1 of 11


250

230

210

COMPANY NAME
190 Project: Engineer: YP Project #

170
Date: 6/12/17 0615
PSLoss Subject: Checker: Page:
150
Copyright 2007 Date:
0Jacking from left
2 end 4 Jacking from right
6 end 8 10
After seating 12
Rev. 04/04/2007
Final After seating on left After seating on right
PRESTRESS
label points LOSSES IN POST-TENSIONING TENDON

file: file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/357740592.xls Sheet: Losses Page 2 of 11


COMPANY NAME Project: Engineer: YP Project #
Date: 6/12/17 0615
PSLoss Subject: Checker: Page:
Copyright 2007 Date:
Rev. 04/04/2007
PRESTRESS LOSSES IN POST-TENSIONING TENDON
Angular Change per Segment
Stress Stress
Distance Horizont Total Distance
Segmen Vertical after after
from left al accumul from left
t Length Profile anchor addition
end Profile ative end
set al losses
ft ft rad rad rad ft ksi ksi
0 0 0.00 181.4 161.4
22 22 0.08317 0.00000 0.0832 22.00 186.8 166.8
40 18 0.17096 0.00000 0.2541 40.00 196.3 176.3
50 10 0.17096 0.00000 0.4251 42.70 198.7 178.7
60 10 0.09141 0.00000 0.5165 50.00 192.3 172.3
110 50 0.09141 0.00000 0.6079 60.00 187.6 167.6
160 50 0.09141 0.00000 0.6993 110.00 181.5 161.5
170 10 0.09141 0.00000 0.7907 110.00 181.5 161.5
180 10 0.17096 0.00000 0.9617 160.00 187.6 167.6
198 18 0.17096 0.00000 1.1326 170.00 192.3 172.3
220 22 0.08317 0.00000 1.2158 177.30 198.7 178.7
180.00 196.3 176.3
198.00 186.8 166.8
220.00 181.4 161.4

file: file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/357740592.xls Sheet: Losses Page 3 of 11


COMPANY NAME Project: Engineer: YP Project #
Date: 6/12/17 0615
PSLoss Subject: Checker: Page:
Copyright 2006 Date:

TENDON PROFILE
2.500

2.000
Elevation, H

1.500

1.000

0.500

0.000
0 50 100 150 200 250
Distance from left end, X

All dimensions are ft Web slope H/V = 0 Angle correction factor = 1.000

Vertical Profile Horizontal Profile


Segment Segme
DX X1 X2 H1 H2 X Radius
type nt type
Sag falling 22 0 22 2 1.083 0
Sag rising 18 22 40 1.083 220 Tangent
Crown rising 10 40 50 3.5
Crown falling 10 50 60 3.5
Sag falling 50 60 110 0.75
Sag rising 50 110 160 0.75
Crown rising 10 160 170 3.5
Crown falling 10 170 180 3.5
Sag falling 18 180 198 1.083
Sag rising 22 198 220 1.083 2

file: file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/357740592.xls Sheet: Profile Page 4 of 11


COMPANY NAME Project: 0 Engineer: YP Project #
Date: 6/12/17
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TENDON VERTICAL PROFILE HORIZONTAL PROFILE


Web slope H/V = 0 Units: ft
Angle correction factor = 1.000
Parabola coefficients
Input Correct
Segme Angle Segme Angle
Point Station Elevatio Elevatio A1 A2 A3 Station Radius
nt type Change nt type Change
n n
Inflection 0 2 2 0
Low Sag 22 1.083 1.083 0.0019 -0.083 2 0.0832 220 Tangent 0.0000
Inflectio Sag 40 ### ### ### ###
High Crown 50 3.5 3.5 ### ### ### ###
Inflectio Crown 60 ### ### ### ###
Low Sag 110 0.75 0.75 ### ### ### ###
Inflectio Sag 160 ### ### ### ###
High Crown 170 3.5 3.5 ### ### ### ###
Inflectio Crown 180 ### ### ### ###
Low Sag 198 1.083 1.083 ### ### ### ###
Inflectio Sag 220 2 2 0.0019 -0.75 75.36 0.0832
COMPANY NAME Project: Engineer: YP Project #
Date: 6/12/17 0615
PSLoss Subject: Checker: Page:
Copyright 2006 Date:

EQUIVALENT POST-TENSIONING LOADS


Steel Area of tendons, Aps = 2.604 in
Construction stage: After anchor set
Right
Left end
End
Elevation of section C.G. : 2.25 2.25 ft

End forces at anchorages


PX - horizontal force (positive left to right)
PY - vertical force (positive is up)
M - moment (negative when clockwise)

PX PY M LA
Kip Kip Kip* ft ft
Left end 470.8 -39.2 117.7 0
Right end -470.8 -39.2 -117.7 220

Equivalent PS loads
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0 50 100 150 200 250

Equivalent Prestress Load


Vertical Linear Load Horizontal
(positive Up) Dist. from left end Uniform
WA WB LA LB WX
Kip/ft Kip/ft ft ft Kip/ft
1.790 1.843 0.00 22.00 -0.636
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1.843 1.790 198.00 220.00 0.636

file: file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/357740592.xls Sheet: EquivalentLoads Page 6 of 11


file: file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/357740592.xls Sheet: EquivalentLoads Page 7 of 11
PSLoss
Copyright 2006

THEORY PRESTRESSING LOSSES DUE TO FRICTION AND ANCHOR SET

FJack Stress before anchor set fx = FJacke-(ma+Kx)

DA Note: stress after anchor


set is symmerical to stress
DF b A before anchor set within Lc.
b

Stress after
Stressing end

Dead end
anchor set

Lc
Ltendon

Fig. 1 Stressing from one end


Stressing from one end
Stress before Stress before
anchor 1 set anchor 2 set
FJack2
Stress after
anchor 2 set

DF2
DF1
Stressing end 2
Stressing end 1

Stress after
anchor 1 set

A1 A2
Ltendon

Fig. 2 Stressing from two ends

file: file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/357740592.xls Sheet: Theory Page 8 of 11


PSLoss
Copyright 2006

Stressing from one end (refer to Fig. 1 above)

fx = FJacke-(ma+Kx) Stress along the tendon at distance 'x' from the stressing end.
FJack Jacking stress at anchor
a Accumulative angle change from stressing end to 'x'
m Curvature Friction Coefficient
K Wobble Friction Coefficient
DL = A/Es Strand elongation during stressing operations.
Es Strand modulus of elasticity
A Area below the graph of 'stress before anchor set' and above the line of zero
stress (yellow colored area on Fig. 1)
DS = DA/Es Anchor set
DA Area below graph 'stress before anchor set' and above graph 'stress after
anchor set' (shaded area on Fig. 1)
Lc Length of stress conversion zone.
DF Prestress losses at anchor

Stressing from two ends (refer to Fig. 2 above)

Compute stresses at second pull before and after anchor set independently
from first pull. The resulting stress is the maximum of stresses due to first
and second pulls (red line on Fig. 2)
DL2 = A2/Es Elongations during second pull
A2 Area below graph 'stress before anchor 2 set' and above graph 'stress after
anchor 1 set' (orange shaded area on Fig. 2).

Angle change within a parabolic segment of tendon


y = aX+bX+c Parabolic equation of tendon
a1 = atan[(2aX1+b)/sin(b)] Start angle adjusted for web slope
v/sin(b) b
a2 = atan[(2aX2+b)/sin(b)] End angle adjusted for web slope
Da = abs(a2-a1) Angle change within a parabolic segment
v
a, b, c Parabolic coefficients
X1, X2 Start and End stations of parabolic segment
b = atan(v/h) Web slope angle to horizon h

Combining tendon angular changes in vertical and horizontal planes


Da Total angular change within a segment
Dav, Dah Angular change in ortogonal planes
cos(Da)=cos(Dav)*cos(Dah)

Equivalent beam loads due to post-tensioning

The explanatory paper on this subject was presented at 2002 GT STRUDL


user group conference. It's available on GATECH website at
http://www.gtstrudl.gatech.edu/

file: file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/357740592.xls Sheet: Theory Page 9 of 11


PSLoss
Copyright 2006

Follow 'Technical Papers' then scroll down to 2002 "Analysis of Post-


Tensioned Continuous Span Bridges" by Abhijit Naik & Jay A. Quioque,
California Department of Transportation. Download 7MB powerpoint
presentation.

file: file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/357740592.xls Sheet: Theory Page 10 of 11


PSLoss
Copyright 2006

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USING PSLoss SPREADSHEET

Spreadsheet functionality:

Computes friction and anchor set losses in prestressing tendon


Computes tendon elongations
Developes tendon vertical and horizontal profiles
Calculates equivalent beam loads due to post-tensioning

Capabilities:
Pulling from one or both ends
Multiple angle changes in three-dimensional tendon profile
SI and US measurement systems
US and international codes

Instruction for data input

All input cells in the spreadsheet are formatted as a blue text on yellow background 4.35
The custom toolbar menu provides the following functions:

Calculate ! Performs iterative calculations necessary to compute prestress losses


Tendon Profile Activates 'Tendon Profile' worksheet
PT Losses Activates 'Losses' worksheet
Equivalent Loads Activates 'Equivalent Post-Tensioning Loads' worksheet
Theory/Help Activates current worksheet
Design Units Toggles US and SI units
Disclaimer Displays PSLoss disclaimer

PSLoss Step by Step

1. Open 'Tendon Profile' worksheet (use menu Tendon Profile - Edit or click on 'Profile' tab below).

2. Establish tendon vertical profile built out of parabolic or tangent segments. Provides location of
tangent and radial segments of horizontal profile.

3. On the worksheet 'Losses' enter required stressing data and click command 'Calculate !'

4. Print file.

file: file:///conversion/tmp/scratch/357740592.xls Sheet: Theory Page 11 of 11