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Jun 11, 2017

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Civil Engg

© All Rights Reserved

0 valutazioniIl 0% ha trovato utile questo documento (0 voti)

26 visualizzazioni8 pagineCivil Engg

© All Rights Reserved

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QUESTION BANK

CE 2254 SURVEYING II

UNIT I

UNIT II

3. Name two groups of people involved in the measuring the base line .

geodetic surveying?

8. Give the classification of triangulation system.

UNIT III

4. What are the conditions to be satisfied when correcting the measured angles?

UNIT IV

4. What is the relation between the Right ascension and Hour Angle?

UNIT V

3. What are lunar and solar ides?

UNIT I

1. Write a detailed notes on projection, map generalization map symbology and map

2. (i) Explain how you would determine the constants of a tacheometer. (4)

(ii) A tacheometer was set up at station A and the following readings were obtained

Hair reading

And 3.875

1.650

B +8 36 2.515

And 3.380

Calculate the horizontal distance from A to B and the R.L. of B, if the constants of

the instrument were 100 and 0.4. (12)

3. (i) Explain how a subtense bar is used with a theodolite to determine the

horizontal distance between two points.

constant of zero. The centre reading on a vertical staff held at point B was 2.292 m

when sighted from A. If the vertical angle was +25 and the horizontal distance AB

190.326 m,

calculate the other staff readings and show that the two intercept intervals are

not equal. Using these values, calculate the level of B if A is 37.950 m angle of

depression and the height of the instrument is 1.35 m. (10)

4. (i) Explain the different between tangential and stadia tacheometry. (8)

UNIT II

1. Discuss about the principles of subtense method for vertical base observations.

(16)

of zero. The center reading on a vertical staff held at point B was 2.292 m when

sighted

from A. If the vertical angle was +25 and the horizontal distance AB 190.326 m.

Calculate the staff intercept at B. Using these values, calculate the level of B if A

is 37.950 m above msl and the height of the instrument 1.35 m. (16)

anallactic lens, the value of the constant being 100. The following observations were

made, the staff having been held vertically :

Remarks

Station (m) at angle readings

C 1.40 C +3 6 0.785, 1.610, 2.435 -

4. The altitude of two proposed stations A and B, 100 km apart, are respectively 420

m and 700 m. The intervening obstruction situated at C, 70 km from A as an

elevation of 478 m. Ascertain if a and B are intervisible, and if necessary find by how

much B should be raised so that the line of sight must nowhere be less than 3 m

above the surface of the ground. (16)

signals, and phase of signals. (8)

(ii) A tape 20 m long of standard length at 29C was used to measure a line, the

mean temperature during measurement being 19 C. The measured distance was

882.10 meters, the following being the slopes : 2 20 for 100m ; 4 12 for 150 m; 1

6 for 50m; 7 48 for 200 m; 3 00 for 300 m;5 10 for 82.10 m; Find the

true length of the line if the coefficient of expansion is 6.5 x 10 -6 per degree F. (8)

6. (i) What are the different methods by which the difference in elevation could

be determined? Name the corrections to be applied. (8)

UNIT III

angles.

triangulation survey. (4)

(ii) From a satellite station S, 5.8 m from the main triangulation station a,

the following directions were observed.

A 0 0 0

B 132 18 30

C 233 24 6

D 296 6 11

The length AB, AC and AD were computed to be 3265.5 m, 4022.2 m and 3086.4

m respectively.

4. (i) How will you obtain error from direct observations of unequal weights on

a single quantity? (6)

5. (i) Explain the different Laws of weights as applicable to the theory of errors. (8)

A = 77 14 20 weight 4

B=

UNIT IV

1. Calculate the suns azimuth and hour angle at sunset at a place in (16)

(i) 22 12 N and

(ii) 22 12 S

sphere. (16)

harmonic constants. (10)

4. (i) Explain the method of plotting of plain metric maps by radial method. (12)

(ii) What are the applications of photogrammetry? (4)

UNIT V

1. From the satellite station S 5.8 m from the main triangulation station A the

following directions were observed: (16)

A 00 0 0

B 132 18 30

C 232 24 6

D 296 6 11

The length AB, AC and AD were 3265.5 m, and 4022.2 m and 3086.2 m respectively.

(ii) Find the most probable value of angles A, B and C of a triangle ABC, from

the following observation equations: (10)

A = 68 12 36

B = 53 46 12

C = 58 01 16

2. (i) What are the conditions necessary in deciding the extension of Base (Base

net)? (4)

(ii) The following angles were measured at a station O so as to close the horizon:

3. Calculate the azimuth of the sun and hour angle at sunset at a place in latitude 55

N, when its declination is : (16)

(i) 20 N

(ii) 30 N

(iii) 15 S and

(iv) 20 S

4. A zenith pair observation of a star crossing the meridian was made to determine

the latitude of a place. Refraction correction = - R cot . (16)

X1 15 15 17 N 62 15 20 S

X2 70 43 13 N 62 17 30 N

5. (i) Derive the parallax equation for the ground coordinates of a point. (10)

(ii) A pair of photographs was taken with an aerial camera from an altitude of 500

m above msl. The mean principle base measured is equal to 90 mm? The

difference in parallax between two points is 1.48 mm. Find the difference in height

between two points if the elevation of the lower point is 500 m above the datum.

What will be the difference in elevation if the parallax difference is 15.5 mm? (6)

6. (i) Explain three point problem and strength fix in hydrographic surveying. (8)

harmonic constants. (10)

8. (i) Explain the method of plotting of plain metric maps by radial method. (12)

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