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Rebar Grades [Top]

Our products are made in accordance with Philippine National Standards for Steel Bars for
Concrete Reinforcement, under PNS-49:2002.

Specifications and Grading [Top]

The three grades under this specification namely, Grades PNS 230, 275, and 415 trace
their roots to ASTM specifications. And the terms Structural, Intermediate, and High-
tensile originated from earlier versions of ASTM-A615 but remained unchanged in deference
to custom and familiarity among users. The table below provides a handy reference as to
the common understanding in the market regarding these grades.

ASTM vs PNS Codes Popular Nomenclature Typical Application

Grade 33 / PNS 230 Structural Grade Low-rise Buildings and Low Loading Conditions

Grade 40 / PNS 275 Intermediate Grade Medium-rise Structures / Infrastructure Work

Grade 60 / PNS 415 High-Tensile Grade Medium & High-rise Structures / Infrastructure

The three grades are distinguished by the different color markings painted at the ends of
each bar, as shown in the following table:

Weldability of a Rebar [Top]

It must be noted that, in the current PNS 49, rebars are further categorized into weldable
and non-weldable grades. The difference between the two categories is primarily rooted in
their different chemical compositions and carbon equivalents (CEQ). Despite the different
nomenclatures and their connotations, both Weldable and Non-weldable grades can
actually be welded. However, the relatively lower carbon content and CEQ of the so-called
weldable grade does make it easier to weld without having to worry about pre-heating and
post-heating requirements and procedures, that is a concern highlighted especially in
temperate situations.

Rebar Sizes [Top]

The standard sizes that the Company manufactures and sells are as follows: 10mm, 12mm,
16mm, 20mm, 25mm, 28mm, 32mm, and 36mm. For special orders, it can also make
40mm and 50mm bars.

The Nominal Size of a Rebar [Top]

For both the plain round bar and the rebar, the word size and nominal diameter are used

For a rebar, alternatively known as a deformed steel bar, its size specifically refers to the
size of a plain round bar having the same weight per meter as the rebar.

A specific size of plain round bar refers to its nominal diameter. This size also refers to the
diameter of a circular plain round bar having a certain unit mass or weight per meter.

A plain round bar and a rebar of the same size will have the same unit mass or weight per
meter of bar.

The Proper Way of Measuring a Plain Round Bar [Top]

For a plain round bar, determining its 'size' involves simply taking a direct physical
measurement of its diameter since its circular cross section should remain quite uniform
throughout its length. A plain round bar is considered to be dimensionally acceptable if its
diameter, as measured, falls within the dimensional tolerances allowed by the Standard.

The Proper Way of Measuring a Rebar [Top]

A rebar however is not measured in the same way as a plain round bar. Because of its non-
uniform cross section, a rebar must comply with the allowable Variation in Mass (VIM) in
lieu of measurement of its diameter. Checking for this VIM involves taking and weighing one
meter of rebar and comparing the findings against the standard value.

Weight Tolerance [Top]

Because variation in cross sectional area occurs during hot rolling, a corresponding variation
in linear weight is to be expected. For this reason, PNS-49 provides for an allowable
variation in mass (VIM) of 6%, measured using one meter of rebar.

Length Tolerance [Top]

The cut length of a rebar varies as well because of shrinkage as it cools down. The standard
however limits this shrinkage, and the minimum lengths of the finished rebar are shown

Std. Length (m) Min. Acceptable Length (m)

6.0 5.960

7.5 7.453

9.0 8.935

10.5 10.440

12.0 11.940

Our rebar comes in these commercial lengths: 6.0, 7.5, 9.0, 10.5, and 12.0 meters. Special
lengths of 13.5 and 15.0 meters are subject to special orders and negotiations.

Mechanical Property Specifications [Top]


Diameter of
Yield Tensile Elongation Pin (d =
Class Grade Strength, Strength, Specimen in 200mm, nominal
MPa min. MPa min. % min. diameter of
D<25mm 18 3d
230 230 390 180
Hot-Rolled D25mm 16 4d
D<25mm 10 4d
Weldable 275 275 480 180
D25mm 8 5d
Steel Bar D<25mm 8 5d
415 415 620 180
D25mm 7 6d

D<25mm 20 3d
230 230 390 180
D25mm 18 4d
Weldable D<25mm 16 4d
275 275 480 180
Deformed D25mm 14 5d
D<25mm 14 5d
415 415* 550** 180
D25mm 12 6d
* Maximum yield strength of Weldable steel bars shall not exceed 540 MPa
** Tensile strength shall not be less than 1.25 times the actual yield strength

Surface Deformations Specifications [Top]

Height Tolerance of
Nominal Max. Average Spacing Lugs Max. Summation of Gaps
Diameter of Lugs (mm)
Minimum Maximum
10 7.0 0.4 0.8 7.8

12 8.4 0.5 1.0 9.4

16 11.2 0.7 1.4 12.6

20 14.0 1.0 2.0 15.7

25 17.5 1.2 2.4 19.6

28 19.6 1.4 2.8 22.0

32 22.4 1.6 3.2 25.1

36 25.2 1.8 3.6 27.5

Table of Standard Weights [Top]


Bar Diameter Unit Weight Bar Commercial Length

mm Kg/m 6.0 m 7.5 m 9.0 m 10.5 m 12.0 m
10 0.616 3.696 4.620 5.544 6.468 7.392

12 0.888 5.328 6.660 7.992 9.324 10.656

16 1.578 9.468 11.835 14.202 16.569 18.936

20 2.466 14.796 18.495 22.194 25.893 29.592

25 3.853 23.118 28.898 34.677 40.457 46.236

28 4.834 29.004 36.255 43.506 50.757 58.008

32 6.313 37.878 47.348 56.817 66.287 75.756

36 7.990 47.940 59.925 71.910 83.895 95.880